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Chapter 3

Medico-Legal Aspect of Identification


1. What refers to the determination of the individuality of a person or thing?
a. Classification
b. Sympathy
c. Empathy
d. Identification

2. In the prosecution of criminal offenses, the _______ of the offender and that
of the victim must be established, otherwise it will be a ground for dismissal.
a. Estate
b. Identity
c. Life
d. Choices

3. The ____________ means that the greater the number of points of similarities
and dissimilarities of two persons compared, the greater is the probability for
the conclusion to be correct.
a. Law of multiplicity of similarities in identification
b. Law of similarities and dissimilarities in identification
c. Law of multiplicity of evidence in identification
d. Law of multiplicity of differences in identification

4. The following are characteristics which may easily be changed, except:
a. Clothing
b. Grade of profession
c. Facies
d. Growth of hair, beard or mustache

5. Among the following, which characteristic may easily be changed?
a. Frequent place of visit
b. Mannerism
c. Hands and feet
d. Changes in the eyes

6. Which among the characteristics below is a point of identification applicable to
both living and dead?
a. Gait
b. Mannerism
c. Left or right-handedness
d. Sexual organ

7. What is anthropometry?

b. Bertillon system b. 12. c. It is impossible to find two human beings having bones exactly alike. Fingerprints can be forged. b. What refers to the art and study of recording fingerprints as a means of identification? a. d. Bertillon system b. Dactylography 13. Poroscopy d. a. b. Poroscopy d. Why is fingerprinting considered as one scientific method of identification of persons? a. There no two identical fingerprints. There is no rigid rule to be observed in the procedure of identification. Portrait parle b. There can be two identical persons. Anthropometry c. Fingerprinting 11. Fingerprints are changeable. The necessary measurement can easily be taken with the aid if a simple instrument. Dactyloscopy c. except: a. d. ID d. A scheme which utilizes anthropometrical measurement of the human body as the basis of identification 8. What is considered as the most valuable method of identification? a. A scheme which utilizes biological instrument as basis of classification. A ________ is a verbal. c. Anthropometry c. a. It is the art of identification by comparison of fingerprints. Dactylography . Dactyloscopy c. The following are the basis of the Bertillon System of identification. Bertillion system 9. d. The human skeleton is unchangeable after the twentieth year. c. A scheme used to identify the life expectancy of a person. a. Birthmark d. Portrait parle b. 10. accurate and picturesque description of the person identified. A scheme devised by Arnold Anthropome.

which refers to the study of the pores found on the papillary or friction ridges of the skin for purposes of identification? a. Portrait parle d. The enamel of the teeth is the softest substance of the human body. To determine the length of time from date of death b. Which among the following is a scientific method of identification of persons? a. Dental identification b. 19. d. Statement of witness who saw the writing made and is able to identify it as such. Of the following. Graphology b. Teeth cannot be changed. Bibliotics c. It is the most reliable. Acknowledgment by the judge of the document submitted as evidence. c. Handwriting 16. By the opinion of the majority of the witnesses presented. what refers to the science of handwriting analysis? a. Dactyloscopy c. b. By the opinion of persons who are close to the alleged writer. To determine the crime committed d. Fingerprinting c. d. Why is dental identification considered as a scientific method of identification? a.14. In identification. Bertillon system d. To determine whether the document was written by the person whose signature it bears. Bertillon system b. . The following are scientific methods of identification. Hieroglyphics 20. Bertillon system b. Seismology d. except: a. b. Handwriting 17. The possibility of two persons to have the same dentition is quite remote. Anthropometry c. 18. Which among the following is the purpose of handwriting examination? a. Poroscopy d. c. The genuineness of any disputed writing may be proven by which of the following ways? a. Dactylography 15. To determine the capacity of the alleged writer c.

21. The ________ of a person missing or presumed dead will facilitate settlement of the estate. To determine congenital deformities d. Length of interment d. the following points can be determined approximately. Individuality b. except: a. except: a. Whether the remains are of human origin or not b. Beliefs 27. The _________ of the different points of identification varies in the formulation of conclusion. Determination of the approximate time the crime was committed 26. In the examination of bones. To determine whether an individual can exercise certain obligations vested by law to one sex only c. Blood and blood stains identification is important for all of the following reasons. a. Graphology b. Determination whether a person can exercise civil rights b. a. Determination of the cause of death c. Hieroglyphics 22. Weight c. except: a. For disputed parentage b. Bibliotics c. Number b. a. The legal importance of sex determination are as follows. Determination of the cause of death d. A study of handwriting for the purpose of determining the writer’s personality. As an aid in identification b. Presence or absence of ante-mortem or post-mortem bone injuries 23. character and aptitude. Sexuality c. Science c. Value . Seismology d. For disputed parentage c. Determination of criminal liability 25. Which among the following is the legal importance of determination of age? a. Identification d. Determination of the place of commission of the crime d. Marriage or the union of a man and a woman 24.

Exclusion c. a. identification criteria recovered during investigation are compared with records available in the file. If two or more persons have to be identified and all but one is not yet identified. d. the one whose identity has not been established may be known by the process of ___________. Identification 30. Elimination d. ______ must be done in the shortest possible time specially during mass disasters. Exclusion c. Elimination d. Identification c. In cases when the object to be identified is highly perishable. Classification 29. Exhumation d. a. Identification . Comparison b. Exclusion b. Comparison b. By _______. Similarities 28. a.

C 28. D 18. C 15. D 17. D 12. D 2. C 10. A 26. B 23.Answers: 1. D 8. D 21. B . C 27. C 4. C 16. A 9. D 7. D 25. C 19. C 5. B 29. A 30. A 6. A 22. B 20. D 11. B 14. C 24. D 13. B 3.