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Ramos, Carl 4BIO6

Ramos, Diego
Ramos, Rollene
Samonte, Dana

1. Give the key differences between the end products of spermatogenesis and oogenesis?

The key differences between the two processes are the number of gametes they
produce because in spermatogenesis, there is a continuous production. Although from
puberty to old age sperm cells are constantly being engendered, the production is
subject to extreme fluctuations regarding both quantity and quality, while in oogenesis,
the oocytes will be used up generated at birth. Continual decrease of the oocytes,
beginning with the fetal period. Exhaustion of the supply at menopause. Their meiotic
output which spermatogenesis have four functioning, small motile spermatozoids and
oogenesis have only one large, immotile oocyte and three shriveled polar bodies are left
at the end of the meiosis. Their fetal period which in spermatogenesis will have no
meiotic divisions and germ cell production while in oogenesis can enter meiosis and
there has a production of the entire supply of germ cells.

2. What happens to the oogonia that do not develop into oocytes?

They can never mature into ova and become follicle cells which surrounds the
developing oocyte.

3. Take note of the organization of the grasshopper’s testis. Compare it with the testes of
the mouse and the chick. Give a possible explanation to the difference in organization?

The grasshopper’s testis is divided into several lobes, a feature unique from the
other testes like the mouse and chick testes. Its lobes have their blunt ends facing the
surface of the organ and more pointed ends directed towards the center, opening into
the sperm duct; moreover, they have cysts inside each lobe. Meanwhile, in the mouse
and chick testes, they are covered with the tunica albuginea, a connective tissue not
present in the grasshopper’s testis in which it subdivides the testis into lobules, each
containing seminiferous tubules.

4. What is the probable reason why you do not encounter a lot a Corpus Lutea in slides of
the human ovary in the laboratory?

Corpus luteum is formed after an ovulation where the follicle that houses the
ovum collapses and invaded by vessels. The reason why we do not encounter a lot of
Corpus Luteum is because only one can be observed since we ovulate only once per
menstrual cycle.

5. Give the basic difference between stages of development and stages of maturation
In gametogenesis, the stages of development pertains to both the egg and
sperm's morphological development and/or growth. Gametes are produced from germ
cells that undergo cell division or a cell cycle (meiosis). Whereas the stages of
maturation pertains to the proliferation of the follicle cells turning into different follicle
stages (e.g. graafian follicle) that eventually give rise to mature eggs set for fertilization.
These can be observed in the ovaries of cat and human.