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OUR PARLIAMENT

Parliament is the supreme legislative body of a country. Our Parliament comprises of the President and the two Houses²Lok Sabha (House of the People) and Rajya Sabha (Council of States). The President has the power to summon and prorogue either House of Parliament or to dissolve Lok Sabha. The Constitution of India came into force on January 26, 1950. The first general elections under the new Constitution were held during the year 1951-52 and the first elected Parliament came into being in April, 1952, the Second Lok Sabha in April, 1957, the Third Lok Sabha in April, 1962, the Fourth Lok Sabha in March, 1967, the Fifth Lok Sabha in March, 1971, the Sixth Lok Sabha in March, 1977, the Seventh Lok Sabha in January, 1980, the Eighth Lok Sabha in December, 1984, the Ninth Lok Sabha in December, 1989, the Tenth Lok Sabha in June, 1991, the Eleventh Lok Sabha in May, 1996, the Twelfth Lok Sabha in March, 1998 and Thirteenth Lok Sabha in October, 1999. LOK SABHA Lok Sabha, as the name itself signifies, is the body of representatives of the people. Its members are directly elected, normally once in every five years by the adult population who are eligible to vote. The minimum qualifying age for membership of the House is 25 years. The present membership of Lok Sabha is 545. The number is divided among the different States and Union Territories as follows: (1) Andhra Pradesh 42 (2) Arunachal Pradesh 2 (3) Assam 14

(4) Bihar 40 (5) Chhattisgarh 11 (6) Goa 2 (7) Gujarat 26 (8) Haryana 10 (9) Himachal Pradesh 4 (10) Jammu & Kashmir 6 (11) Jharkhand 14 (12) Karnataka 28 (13) Kerala 20 (14) Madhya Pradesh 29 (15) Maharashtra 48 (16) Manipur 2 (17) Meghalaya 2 (18) Mizoram 1 (19) Nagaland 1 (20) Orissa 21 (21) Punjab 13 (22) Rajasthan 25

(23) Sikkim 1 (24) Tamil Nadu 39 (25) Tripura 2 (26) Uttaranchal 5 (27) Uttar Pradesh 80 (28) West Bengal 42 (29) Andaman & Nicobar Islands 1 (30) Chandigarh 1 (31) Dadra & Nagar Haveli 1 (32) Daman & Diu 1 (33) NCT of Delhi 7 (34) Lakshadweep 1 (35) Pondicherry 1 (36) Anglo-Indians (if nominated 2 by the President under Article 331 of the Constitution) RAJYA SABHA Rajya Sabha is the Upper House of Parliament. It has not more than 250 members. Members of Rajya Sabha are not elected by the people directly but indirectly by the Legislative Assemblies of the various States. Every State is allotted a certain number of members. No member of Rajya Sabha can be under 30 years of age.

1952 and it held its first sitting on May 13. Rajya Sabha was duly constituted for the first time on April 3.Twelve of Rajya Sabha members are nominated by the President from persons who have earned distinction in the fields of literature. art. distributed among different States and Union Territories as follows: (1) Andhra Pradesh 18 (2) Arunachal Pradesh 1 (3) Assam 7 (4) Bihar 16 (5) Chhattisgarh 5 (6) Goa 1 (7) Gujarat 11 (8) Haryana 5 (9) Himachal Pradesh 3 (10) Jammu & Kashmir 4 (11) Jharkhand 6 (12) Karnataka 12 (13) Kerala 9 . that year. science and social service. It is not subject to dissolution but one-third of its members retire every two years. Rajya Sabha is a permanent body. There are at present 245 members in Rajya Sabha.

(14) Madhya Pradesh 11 (15) Maharashtra 19 (16) Manipur 1 (17) Meghalaya 1 (18) Mizoram 1 (19) Nagaland 1 (20) Orissa 10 (21) Punjab 7 (22) Rajasthan 10 (23) Sikkim 1 (24) Tamil Nadu 18 (25) Tripura 1 (26) Uttaranchal 3 (27) Uttar Pradesh 31 (28) West Bengal 16 (29) NCT of Delhi 3 (30) Pondicherry 1 (31) Nominated by the President under 12 Article 80(1)(a) of the Constitution Presiding Officers .

social security and insurance. Functions of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha The main function of both the Houses is to pass laws. Union subjects are those important subjects which for reasons of convenience. labour welfare. . The Vice-President of India is the ex-officio Chairman of Rajya Sabha. Besides passing laws. Foreign Affairs. Rajya Sabha also elects one of its members to be the Deputy Chairman. Difference between Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha (1) Members of Lok Sabha are directly elected by the eligible voters. discussions and questions addressed by members to Ministers exercise control over the administration of the country and safeguard people¶s liberties. The principal Union subjects are Defence. Customs and Excise Duties. There are numerous other subjects on which both Parliament and State Legislatures can legislate.Lok Sabha elects one of its own members as its Presiding Officer and he is called the Speaker. Transport and Communications. The subjects over which Parliament can legislate are the subjects mentioned under the Union List in the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India. motions for adjournment. Members of Rajya Sabha are elected by the elected members of State Legislative Assemblies in accordance with the system of proportional representation by means of single transferable vote. Currency and Coinage. Parliament can by means of resolutions. Railways. Under this category mention may be made of economic and social planning. Banking. He is assisted by the Deputy Speaker who is also elected by Lok Sabha. efficiency and security are administered on all-India basis. Broadly speaking. The conduct of business in Lok Sabha is the responsibility of the Speaker. price control and vital statistics. He is elected by the members of an electoral college consisting of members of both Houses of Parliament. Every Bill has to be passed by both the Houses and assented to by the President before it becomes law.

Money Bills can only be introduced in Lok Sabha. .(2) The normal life of every Lok Sabha is 5 years only while Rajya Sabha is a permanent body. Also it is Lok Sabha which grants the money for running the administration of the country. (3) Lok Sabha is the House to which the Council of Ministers is responsible under the Constitution. (4) Rajya Sabha has special powers to declare that it is necessary and expedient in the national interest that Parliament may make laws with respect to a matter in the State List or to create by law one or more all-India services common to the Union and the States.

The entire Parliament House Estate is enclosed by an ornamental red sand stone wall or iron grills with iron gates that can be closed when occasions demand.R. The construction of the building took six years and the . Reception Office building. Parliament House Estate as a whole and the Chambers of the two Houses in particular are subject to strict security precaution all round the year. The approach roads which cut across the Parliament House Estate and form part of the Estate are not allowed to be used as public thoroughfares. Special floral decoration is done at important points in the building during sessions of Parliament as well as on other important occasions. Sansadiya Gyanpeeth (Parliament Library Building). Parliament House Annexe and the extensive lawns around it where ponds with fountains have been provided. By the very nature of things. Construction of the Building The building was designed by two famous architects² Sir Edwin Lutyens and Sir Herbert Baker²who were responsible for the planning and construction of New Delhi. Visitors to the capital invariably pay a visit to this building as the two Houses of Parliament²the Lok Sabha (House of the People) and the Rajya Sabha (Council of States) are located within its walls.H. 1921 by H.PARLIAMENT HOUSE ESTATE Parliament House Estate comprises the Parliament House. Parliament House is one of the most magnificent buildings in New Delhi which has one of the brightest clusters of architectural gems possessed by any country in the world. The Duke of Connaught. The Foundation Stone of Parliament House was laid on the 12th February.

. The cost of construction was Rs. 1927 by the then GovernorGeneral of India. radiating from this centre are placed the three Chambers for Lok Sabha (House of the People). The building has twelve gates among which Gate No. 1 on the Sansad Marg is the main gate. 83 lakhs.23 metres) high. important offices of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha Secretariats and also the Offices of the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs. the architecture of the building bears a close imprint of the Indian tradition. The open verandah on the first floor is fringed with a colonnade of 144 creamy sandstone columns²each 27 feet (8.33 metres and it covers an area of nearly six acres (24281. air-conditioning. With the ancient features of Indian art are mingled modern scientific achievements in acoustics. On the three axes. Rajya Sabha (Council of States) and the erstwhile Library Hall (formerly the Princes Chamber) and between them lie garden courts. Chairmen. Surrounding these three Chambers is a four storeyed circular structure providing accommodation for Ministers. Party Offices. General Lay-out of the Building The centre and focus of the building is the big circular edifice of the Central Hall.69 metres) in diameter. The layout of fountains both inside and outside the building. the use of Indian symbols the "Chhajjas" which shade the walls and windows and the varied forms of "Jali" in marble are reminders of the story of the craftsmanship displayed in ancient monuments and memorials. Size of the Building Parliament House is a massive circular edifice 560 feet (170.opening ceremony was performed on the 18th January. Lord Irwin. Architectural Design Apart from the fact that the building was built with indigenous material and by Indian labour. Parliamentary Committees. Its circumference is one-third of a mile 536. simultaneous Interpretation and Automatic Voting etc.16 square metres).

Three Committee Rooms on the first floor are used for meetings of Parliamentary Committees.B.R. Statues and Busts in Parliament House Precincts The Parliament House precints have been a witness to the evolution of our parliamentary democracy. There are six lifts operating in the building. The Parliament House Estate has statues and busts of the following stalwarts from our history who have made immense contribution to the national cause: (i) Chandragupta Maurya (ii) Pandit Motilal Nehru (iii) Gopal Krishna Gokhale (iv) Dr. The outer wall of the corridor on the ground floor of the building is decorated with a series of panels depicting the history of India from the ancient times and India¶s cultural contacts with her neighbours. Three other rooms on the same floor are used by Press Correspondents who come to the Press Galleries of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha. B. one on either side of the entrances to the Chambers. Ambedkar (v) Sri Aurobindo Ghosh (vi) Mahatma Gandhi (vii) Y. Chavan (viii) Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru (ix) Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant . The Central Hall is air cooled and the Chambers are air-conditioned.

N. Indira Gandhi (xiii) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (xiv) Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose (xv) K. Muthuramalinga Thevar (xxv) Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj (xxvi) Mahatma Basaveshwara (xxvii) Maharaja Ranjit Singh (xxviii) Shaheed Hemu Kalani . Kamaraj (xvi) Prof.(x) Babu Jagjivan Ram (xi) Pandit Ravi Shankar Shukla (xii) Smt. Ranga (xvii) Sardar Patel (xviii) Birsa Munda (xix) Andhra Kesari Tanguturi Prakasam (xx) Jayaprakash Narayan (xxi) S.G. Satyamurti (xxii) C. N. Annadurai (xxiii) Lokapriya Gopinath Bordoloi (xxiv) P.

(xxix) Ch. 1950. At the commencement of the first session after each general elections to Lok Sabha and at the commencement of the first session of each year. When the Houses are in session. Gilded panels on the walls and arches on either side of dais contain portraits of the following distinguished national leaders:² (i) Madan Mohan Malviya . Central Hall is also used for special occasions when the Members of Parliament are addressed by distinguished Heads of States of other countries. Overlooking the dais in the Centre of the Central Hall hangs a portrait of Mahatma Gandhi painted by Sir Oswald Birley and donated to the nation by Shri A. The Central Hall is a place of historical importance. The Constituent Assembly met there from December 9. 1947 from British to Indian hands took place in this Hall.P. 1946 to January 24. the Central Hall is used for holding Joint Sittings of the two Houses. At present. The Hall is also equipped with Simultaneous Interpretation System. a Member of the Constituent Assembly of India. the President addresses both the Houses of Parliament assembled together in the Central Hall.87 metres) in diameter is stated to be one of the most magnificent domes in the world. Devi Lal (xxx) Mahatma Jyotirao Phule Central Hall The Central Hall is circular in shape and its dome which is 98 ft. The Indian Constitution was also framed in the Central Hall. it was converted and refurnished into the Constituent Assembly Hall. In 1946. The transfer of power on the 15th August. (29. the Central Hall is used by Members for informal discussions among themselves. Pattani. The Central Hall was originally used as the Library of the erstwhile Central Legislative Assembly and the Council of States.

Rajagopalachari (xv) Smt. Rajendra Prasad (xii) Jawaharlal Nehru (xiii) Subhash Chandra Bose (xiv) C. Ambedkar (xvii) Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia (xviii) Dr. Syama Prasad Mookerjee (xix) Rajiv Gandhi (xx) Lal Bahadur Shastri . Indira Gandhi (xvi) Dr.R. Sarojini Naidu (x) Maulana Abul Kalam Azad (xi) Dr.(ii) Dadabhai Nauroji (iii) Lokamanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak (iv) Lala Lajpat Rai (v) Motilal Nehru (vi) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel (vii) Deshbandhu Chittaranjan Das (viii) Rabindra Nath Tagore (ix) Smt. B.

On the wooden panel just above the Speaker¶s Chair. At the time of Joint Sittings of the two Houses. the famous architect is installed an electrically-lit motto in Sanskrit. To the left of the Chair is the Special Box reserved for the Members of the family and guests of the President. One Lounge is reserved for the exclusive use of lady Members. Charan Singh (xxii) Morarji Desai (xxiii) Swatantryaveer Vinayak Damodar Savarkar There are also 12 gilded emblems on the wall of the Hall representing the 12 Provinces of undivided India. Governors of States. The Chair of the Speaker is placed on a raised platform at the centre of the diameter connecting the two ends of the semi-circle. which was originally designed by Sir Herbert Baker. Surrounding the Central Hall are six lobbies which are suitably covered and furnished.(xxi) Ch. one for First Aid Post. The Central Hall has six galleries on its first floor. the guests of the Members of the two Houses are accommodated. the two Galleries which are towards the right of the dais are occupied by Press Correspondents. the one facing the dais is set apart for distinguished visitors and in the other three. Lok Sabha Chamber The Chamber of the Lok Sabha is semi-circular in shape with a floor area of about 4800 sq. In the pit of the Chamber just below the Speaker¶s Chair is the table of the SecretaryGeneral of the House. one for Panel of Chairmen of Lok Sabha and one for Computer query booth for MPs. In front of him is placed a large table which is the Table of the . To the right of the Chair is located the Official Gallery meant for the use of the officials required to be present in attendance on Ministers in connection with the business of the House. feet (446 square metres). Heads and Prime Ministers of Foreign States and other high personalities in the discretion of the Speaker.

The Deputy Speaker occupies the first front row seat on the left side. The remaining 4 blocks have 89 seats each. there are 35 gilded designs representing the various Provinces of undivided India. 6 on the left-hand side have 97 seats each. The seats on the right-hand side of the Speaker¶s Chair are occupied by the Members of Government party and those on the left-hand side by Members belonging to the Opposition Parties/Groups. These Lobbies are well furnished to make them a comfortable place for Members to sit and have informal discussions among themselves. The Press Gallery is just above the Chair and to its left are situated the Speaker¶s Gallery (meant for the guests of the Speaker) the Rajya Sabha Gallery (meant for Rajya Sabha Members) and the Special Gallery. the Dominions and certain other British Settlements. Member¶s Lobbies Adjoining the Chamber and co-terminus with it are two covered corridors called the Inner and Outer Lobbies. In the wood-work around the Lok Sabha Chamber. each with eleven rows. The Public Gallery is in . Officers of the House and the Official Reporters sit at this Table.House on which papers are formally laid by Ministers. The Chamber has seating accommodation for 550 Members. Visitors¶ Galleries In the first floor of the Lok Sabha Chamber are located the various public galleries and the Press Gallery. Block No. 1 on the right-hand side of the Speaker¶s Chair and Block No. the first elected President of the Indian Legislative Assembly. A seat is allotted in the Chamber to each Member including Ministers who are Members of Lok Sabha. Over looking the Chamber and fixed on the wood-work opposite to the Speaker¶s seat is the portrait of the late Shri Vithalbhai Patel. The seats are divided into six blocks.

Simultaneous Interpretation and Automatic Vote Recording has been installed in the Lok Sabha Chamber for recording vote during the time for Division in the House. each member in the House has to press the Vote Initiation Switch and at the same time Operate one of the three push buttons.front of the Press Gallery. viz. the Secretary-General initiates the voting process. It may please be seen from the above that the following points are required to be kept in view by a member when a Division is announced by the Chair in the House:² .e. On the direction of the Speaker. a member can correct it by pressing the desired push button simultaneously with the Vote Initiation Switch. before the second audio-alarm is sounded. The LED corresponding to the vote cast on the push-button-set of member¶s seat will glow simultaneously with the pressing of the button. thus giving a signal to members for casting their votes. A voting console for operating the Automatic Vote Recording system has been installed at the Secretary-General¶s table in the Chamber. In case of any error in voting. count down) from 10. Automatic Vote Recording System An Integrated System on Microphone Management. The glowing of this LED will indicate that the vote is being recorded by the system. For casting a vote. green for µAYES¶ or red for µNOES¶ or yellow for µABSTAIN¶ according to his/ her choice. Both the Vote Initiation Switch and one of the push buttons (as per choice) must be kept pressed simultaneously till the audio alarm sounds for the second time after 10 seconds. Members operate the Automatic Vote Recording Equipment from the seats (same as the Division Numbers) assigned to them.9. The passage of the time of 10 seconds is also depicted in a descending order ( i. With the pressing of a button by the Secretary-General on his table an audioalarm sounds and the vote now LED on the push-button-set of each member glows.8 and so on upto 0 on the Total Result Display Board. To the right of the Press Gallery are situated Diplomatic and Distinguished Visitors¶ Galleries. The amber button should not be pressed during the Division.

(i) to operate the system from his/her own seat which is assigned to him/her. . Small loud-speakers are also provided in the galleries. (iii) to press the Vote Initiation Switch and at the same time operate one of the push buttons. viz. If a member wants to correct his/her vote. a loud-speaker concealed in the back of the bench. Each seat is provided with a sensitive microphone on a flexible stand. (ii) wait for the sounding of alarm and also for glowing of µVote Now¶ sign installed at the seat of each membe r. he/she can do so by pressing the desired push button simultaneously with the Vote Initiation Switch during the period of ten seconds before the second audio alarm is sounded. The Lok Sabha Chamber is provided with a modern automatic Vote Recording and Sound Amplifying System. The result of the Division also appears on the monitors provided on the tables of Speaker. µNOES¶ and µABSTAIN¶ are flashed on the Total Result Display Boards. Result of Voting Immediately after the sounding of the second audio-alarm. the System starts totalling up the affirmative and negative votes besides abstentions and the total numbers of µAYES¶. Green (µA¶) for µAYES¶. Red (µN¶) for µNOES¶ and Yellow (µO¶) for µABSTAIN¶ according to his/her choice. (iv) to ensure that both the Vote Initiation Switch and one of the push buttons of his/her choice are kept pressed simultaneously till the audio alarm sounds for the second time after the expiry of ten seconds. Powerful microphones are also placed in selected positions on pedestal stands as back up. and (v) do not press amber button (µP¶) during the division. a print out of the voting result is taken for permanent record. Secretary-General and in the Sound Control Room as well. As soon as the result is flashed. It also indicates the total number of members who have exercised their vote.

Sanskrit. A Member intending to speak in any one of these languages is to give advance intimation to the Officer at the Table. Malayalam. Oriya. or to witness the proceedings of Parliament. It is also equipped with modern sound equipment. Marathi. Its entry is from . the Distinguished Visitors¶ Gallery. Manipuri. is a friendly waiting place for large number of visitors who come to meet Members. The Interpretation system is designed to interpret the proceedings of the House simultaneously from English into Hindi and vice versa and from Assamese. opposite Gate No. Tamil and Telugu into English and Hindi. Punjabi. the Press Gallery and the Gallery for Members of the Lok Sabha are all located on the first floor of the Rajya Sabha Chamber as in the case of the Lok Sabha Chamber. During Question Hour also. etc. The Public Gallery. Rajya Sabha Chamber This is almost on the same pattern as that of the Lok Sabha Chamber but it is smaller in size. The Members can also make statements under Rule 377 in the above-mentioned languages. Ministers. Reception Office The Reception Office accommodated in a circular building. It has a seating capacity of 250. the Member who has raised the principal question can put supplementaries in any of the above languages with prior notice. the Diplomatic Gallery. constructed. Automatic Vote Recording and the Simultaneous Interpretation System. 1. Kannada.The Automatic Vote Recording Systems installed in the Lok Sabha Chamber enables the Members to record their votes quickly in cases of Division. the Chairman¶s Gallery (meant for the guests of the Chairman).

structural glass and stainless steel. 1994. Research. the then Hon¶ble Speaker on 17 April. Externally the Library building is related to the Parliament House and uses similar materials of red and beige sandstone. efficient and modern Research. The focal centre of the complex is built with sun reflecting. where they can meet and entertain their guests. The general height is restricted to the podium of the Parliament. allowing muted light. There is provision for cafeteria inside the Reception Office for the convenience of the visitors. The accommodation available to the Parliament Library and its allied services in the Parliament building was too limited to cope with the volume of literature being acquired by it. below the circular colonnade. It is . It leads to an atrium covered with a circular roof lightly placed above a stainless steel ring. There is a lounge at basement level in the Reception Office Building for the convenience of Members. The outer portion of the building is finished in red sandstone and the inner portion is given wooden lining which radiates the feeling of warmth and welcome. M/s Raj Rewal Associates were the Consulting Architects. With time the library service expanded into what is now familiarly known as LARRDIS (Library & Reference. This fully air-conditioned massive building was constructed by Central PWD. The foundation stone was laid by Shri Rajiv Gandhi the then Hon¶ble Prime Minister on 15 August 1987 and the Bhoomi Poojan was performed by Shri Shivraj V. Parliament Library Building (Sansadiya Gyanpeeth) Till May 2002 the Parliament Library was functioning from the Parliament House. state-of-the-art. The building which is fully air-conditioned is unique in conception and combines the value of both the old and the new forms of architecture. Reference and Information Service.Raisina Road side. Patil. The main entrance of the library is directly linked to one of the gates of the Parliament. The roof of the Library building has a series of low profile bubble domes sitting on steel structures complementing the existing domes of masonry on the Rashtrapati Bhawan. Documentation & Information Service). there had been a growing demand for making available to the members of Parliament a more effective. Besides. In order to satisfy this requirement the new Parliament Library Building (Sansadiya Gyanpeeth) was conceived.

Members Reading Halls are located at µH¶ Block of Parliament Library Building. These petals are tied together with delicate tension rods. A Members Assistance Counter has also been set up at Hall No. Facilities Provided A reading room for Members of Parliament is located in the central core of the library complex and faces an internal courtyard. have been provided with state-of-the-art conferencing system and 3 nos. They have a large span of 35 metres. G049 and Hall No. video projection system with high power Xenon illumination system with an output of 10. The Members of Parliament. The primary steel structure is kept low and illuminated with natural light on the periphery. a wireless simultaneous interpretation system for ground plus four language interpretation. and stage light system with scanner controlled FOH lights.composed of four petals. G049 which provides assistance to Members of Parliament for their information requirements in their day to day parliamentary work. (out of these 7) with simultaneous interpretation system. The primary structure of white painted steel is raised above the roof level and admits translucent light through glass blocks creating a serene ambience within a hall of noble proportions. The upper part of the glass dome has a symbol of circle representing the Ashok Chakra. The auditorium is equipped with the state-of-the-art digital Dolby surround sound system for 35 mm film projection.000 ANSI lumens. Statistical data and information readily available in the . covered with a circular dome supported on four columns. who desire to study and access information through internet can avail the facilities at Reading Hall No. This large volume is lit from the top with glass blocks inserted within the concrete bubbles. There are 10 committee rooms/lecture halls out of which 7 nos. The large hall of the main library and the audio-visual museum at the two ends of a cross axis have a similar configuration. F058. It is a two storey high space (in part) with an internal atrium.

* Auditorium with a capacity of 1. Members may also reserve books to facilitate reference. .published documents is supplied on the spot while queries which are time consuming and need detailed information are passed on to the Members Reference Service for collecting factual and updated information. latest periodicals and newspapers in Hindi. * Bureau of Parliamentary Studies and Training. * Press and Public Relations Service. * Audio Visual Library. * Computer Centre. The other facilities housed in the building are: * Library with stack area for housing three million volumes. In order to cater to the information needs of the members. * Parliamentary Museum and Archives. The Bulletins of Lok Sabha/Rajya Sabha and News Bulletins are also kept handy for use of members. * Committee and Conference rooms. * Press Briefing Room. * Media Centre. * Banquet Hall. * Research and Reference Division. English and regional languages are displayed in the above Reading Hall.067 persons. Computers with internet connections have been installed at the Members Assistance Counter and Reading Room for retrieval of information.

library operations and display of proceedings in Parliament. The design and construction of the domes has been the first of its kind in the country. with 5 x 500 TR centrifugal chilling machines including winter heating and dehumidification. All other domes are in carbon steel finished with epoxy paint. * CCTV for surveillance. The intermediate floors are of coffer unit construction while the roof is partly of coffer units and partly with steel-andconcrete domes. * Automatic. intelligence fire alarm systems. PA system and Fire Check Doors. Consequently the joints appear sleek even where 12 members meet at one joint. of the building. for co-ordinated functioning in case of fire. The steel is finished to a satin finish.000 Sqm. viz.* Parking for 212 cars. Some E&M services provided are: * Central air-conditioning of 45. * Non-wet fire-fighting system with NAFS-III gas in computer centre and micro filming store & CO for Switch Rooms. * Geometric precision was achieved in the manufacture and assembling of the various elements of the Dome. * All joints in the framework were precast in foundries and connected to the tubes by a combination of HSFG bolts and welding under controlled conditions. The Domes²a novel feature The basic structure for the building is conceived as a Reinforced Cement Concrete framed structure with column spacings generally of 5 metre. the cast joints. . duly integrated with AHUs. the curved tubes and the precast concrete bubbles seated over the steel frame work. Some of the novel features involved in the construction of the Domes are: * Use of stainless steel of grade AISI 304 L in two of the 12 domes.

The construction was completed over a period of 7 years and 9 months. in the presence of: Shri Krishan Kant Hon¶ble Vice President Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee Hon¶ble Prime Minister Shri P.M. Sayeed Hon¶ble Deputy Speaker.* PA system in most parts of the building. Sonia Gandhi Leader of the Opposition Shri Pramod Mahajan Hon¶ble Minister of Parliamentary Affairs Shri Ananth Kumar Hon¶ble Minister of Urban Development & Poverty Alleviation. 200 crores. Digital conferencing systems and Simultaneous Interpretation system in Committee Rooms. * Video projection system. The Parliament Library Building was inaugurated on 7 May 2002 by Shri K.m. The building has a total covered area of 60. Lok Sabha (discharging the functions of Speaker) Smt.R.460 sq. and has been constructed at a cost of Rs. Special amenities to Members in Parliament House For the convenience of Members of Parliament the following amenities are provided in Parliament House:² (i) Refreshment Rooms . Narayanan the Hon¶ble President of India. * Car-control systems for Parking area.

The strength of the present Parliament is 795. In order to meet the essential requirements of Members and to extend some of the facilities provided to them. (ii) Railway Booking Office (Room No. (viii) C. (v) First Aid Post located in a lobby of the Central Hall. 131 on the Third Floor).W. (iii) Railway Booking Office in the Reception Block. (Near Centralised Pass Issue Cell) Parliament House Annexe (Sansadiya Soudha) With the manifold increase in th e activities of Parliament after Independence the demand for accommodation for Parliamentary Parties/Groups. (iv) Pay Office of the State Bank of India (Room No.The main Refreshment rooms are located in Room Nos. 131-A on the Third Floor). Snack Bar and a Refreshment Lounge near the passages leading to the Chambers from the Central Hall. (vii) Air Booking (Room No. (vi) Post Office (Ground Floor). There are also small Tea. 70 and 73 on the First Floor. Milk Booths. Coffee.D.P. Parliament House . Meeting Halls for Parties/ Groups. 57. First Floor). The original Parliament House comprised three Chambers for : (i) The Central Assembly (ii) The Council of States (iii) The Princes Chamber At the time. Committee Rooms and office for the Chairmen of Parliamentary Committees and for the Secretariats for the two Houses has vastly increased. the strength of membership of all the three Houses was about 300. Complaint Cell.

Construction of the building The building was designed by Shri J.M. It was inaugurated on 24 October 1975 by Shrimati Indira Gandhi. framed with waffle-slab construction. functional. Chief Architect. Prime Minister. Secretary-General. President of India. The front and rear blocks are 3-storeyed and the central block is 6storeyed with terrace. Rajya Sabha. The building is modern. Benjamin. Secretary-General. rear and central blocks besides a covered plaza for car parking in front of it. and the structure is R. Giri. Prime Minister. Central Block . CPWD.V. The water pond at basement level with hanging stairs over it and pyramids for diffused natural light add beauty to the area. General Layout of the building The building has 3 wings²front. Post Office and a small Committee Room at basement level and State Bank of India Branch and Multipurpose Hall on the Ground Floor.Annexe was constructed. Chairman. The foundation-stone of Parliament House Annexe was laid on the 3 August 1970 by Shri V. Lok Sabha and Party Meeting Room are located on the first floor. Minister of Parliamentary Affairs.C.C. Front Block There are lounge. economical and dignified. The rooms of Speaker. The provision of such facilities is imperative in the interest of the efficient discharge of the heavy responsibilities placed on the people¶s representatives. Rajya Sabha.

The offices of Chairmen. From 2nd to 5th floors the Secretariats of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha are located. . Special amenities for Members in Parliament House Annexe For the convenience of Members of Parliament the following amenities are provided in Parliament House Annexe:² (1) Refreshment Rooms on ground floor. (2) Milk Bar on ground floor. At First Floor. (3) Banquet Hall and Private Dining Room on ground floor for special parties/functions. Dental Clinic and Pathological Laboratory. (4) Medical Examination Centre. there is one Mini Committee Room.At the basement level. there is a fully equipped Medical Centre comprising Physiotherapy Centre. and Club for the staff of the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha are also located on the either sides of the Terrace floor. Canteen. Telephone Exchange & Telecom Bureau. Committee Rooms At Basement level. are also located at the basement level and at ground level Banquet Hall. All the Committee Rooms are provided with simultaneous interpretation system as is available in the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha Chambers in Parliament House. there is one small Committee Room µE¶. Parliamentary Committees are also located on this floor. (5) State Bank of India on ground floor. Eye Clinic. At ground level there is one Main Committee Room and four small Committee Rooms which are grouped around Central court. Private Dining Rooms and Refreshment Rooms are located.

which is exclusively catering to the Parliament House Estate. 314 third floor. For a call outside the EPABX Exchange. EPABX Telephone Exchange A modern and efficient EPABX telephone exchange has been installed in Parliament House Annexe.(6) Post Office on basement floor. (10) Telecom Bureau ² basement floor. . (8) Lounges on basement and ground floors. The same instrument is used for inter-com and external calls. the required number is dialled after prefixing the µ0¶ digit. (7) Multipurpose Hall on ground floor. (9) Income-Tax Cell²Room No.

Cabinet Ministers. It takes generally two days to complete these preliminaries. both the Houses meet separately in their respective Chambers when a copy of the President¶s Address is laid on the Table and brought on the record of each House. time and place fixed for the President¶s Address through a Parliamentary Bulletin. Members of both Houses of Parliament assemble together in the Central Hall of the Parliament House where the President delivers his Address. Rajya Sabha are allotted seats in the first row. In the case of the first session of each year." In the case of the first session after each general election to Lok Sabha. At the time fixed for the President¶s Address. Deputy Speaker. Other Ministers are also . No separate summons for the President¶s Address are issued to members.OPENING OF PARLIAMENT BY THE PRESIDENT Article 87(1) of the Constitution provides:² "At the commencement of the first session after each general election to the House of the People and at the commencement of the first session of each year the President shall address both Houses of Parliament assembled together and inform Parliament of the causes of its summons. the President addresses both Houses of Parliament at the time and date notified for the commencement of the session of both the Houses of Parliament. Prime Minister. the President addresses both Houses of Parliament assembled together after the Members have made and subscribed the oath or affirmation and the Speaker has been elected. No other business is transacted till the President has addressed both Houses of Parliament assembled together and informed Parliament of the causes of its summons. They are informed of the date. In the Central Hall. Lok Sabha and Deputy Chairman. New members who have not already made and subscribed the oath or affirmation are admitted to the Central Hall on the occasion of the President¶s Address on production of either the certificate of election granted to them by the Returning Officer or the summons for the session issued to them. Halfan-hour after the conclusion of the Address.

Lok Sabha. The President¶s Address to both the Houses of Parliament assembled together is a solemn and formal act under the Constitution. The President is conducted to the Central Hall in a procession. The visitors.allotted a block of seats. Members are expected to take their seats five minutes before the President arrives in the Central Hall. the Marshal who has taken his position at the dais. Thereupon. red baize cloth is spread. Members of Panel of Chairmen and Chairmen of Parliamentary Committees are allotted seats in the second row. The Members are free to occupy other seats which are not allotted/earmarked. Any action on the part of a Member which mars the occasion or creates disturbance is punishable by the House to which that Member belongs. On reaching the floor of Central Hall in front of the dais. Members rise in their places and remain standing until the President has taken his seat on the dais. the Chairman of Rajya Sabha and the Speaker of Lok Sabha move towards . who are issued passes for this occasion. On the passage from the Gate to the Central Hall from where the procession passes. are also requested to be in their seats half-an-hour before the time fixed for the President¶s Address. the Speaker. the Prime Minister. the President. The Leaders of the Opposition in Lok Sabha and in Rajya Sabha are allotted seats in the first row. It is a convention that no Member leaves the Central Hall while the President is addressing. announces the arrival of the President by saying [Hon¶ble Members. Hon¶ble the President] Almost simultaneously two trumpeters positioned in the Gallery above the dais sound the fanfare till the President arrives at the dais. the procession bifurcates. Minister of Parliamentary Affairs and Secretaries-General of the two Houses. Leaders of other Parties/Groups in both the Houses are also allotted suitable seats. The President arrives at the Parliament House (North West portico) in the State Coach or in the car and is received at the Gate by the Chairman. Just when the procession enters the gangway of the Central Hall. Rajya Sabha. Utmost dignity and decorum befitting the occasion are maintained.

. The other version of the Address is read out by the Chairman of the Rajya Sabha. Rajya Sabha. The Secretaries-General of the two Houses are also present at the occasion. plays the National Anthem during which time everyone remains standing. the President leaves for the Rashtrapati Bhawan. The President then addresses the Members in Hindi or English. The Secretaries-General and other Officers in the procession move towards the chairs placed for them in the pit of the Central Hall on either side of the dais. On reaching the gate. When President reaches his seat on the dais. Lok Sabha and Minister of Parliamentary Affairs. as the President takes his seat. Thereafter. Presiding Officers and Members resume their seats. the President rises in his seat followed by the members when the National Anthem is played again. Thereafter. the Prime Minister.their seats on the dais ² the Chairman to the right and the Speaker to the left of the President who occupies the middle seat. The President. The members remain standing till the procession leaves the Central Hall. leaves the Central Hall in a procession which is formed in the same manner as at the time of his arrival. the President takes leave of the Chairman. the Speaker. thereafter. After the conclusion of the Address. a band positioned in the Lobby of the Central Hall to the right of the President.

the need for proper budgeting arises to allocate scarce resources to various Governmental activities. Since there is a limit to the resources. loans both long-term and short-term. therefore. protecting their territories to implementation of plans for economic and social betterment. In India. to meet the Governmental expenditure. Every item of expenditure has to be well thought out and total outlay worked out for a specific period. The Constitution has. Governments have come to look after virtually every sphere of human life. health. they provide a variety of social services like education. vested the power over the purse in the hands of chosen representatives of the people thus sanctifying the principle µno taxation without representation¶. Where is this money to come from and who is to sanction the funds? The necessary funds are mobilised from the country¶s resources by way of taxes both direct and indirect. Prudent spending is essential for the stability of a Government and proper earnings are a pre-requisite to wise spending.BUDGET IN PARLIAMENT With the emergence of Welfare State. planned expenditure and accurate foresight of earnings are sinequa-non of sound Governmental finance. They have to perform manifold functions from maintaining law and order. Government require adequate resources to discharge these functions effectively. Preparation of Budget for the approval of the Legislature is a Constitutional obligation of the Government both at the Centre and the State levels. Hence. . borrow and spend money the way it likes. Parliamentary Control over Finance Ours is a Parliamentary system of Government based on Westminster model. Besides. the principal sources of revenue are customs and excise duties and Income-tax on individuals and companies. Need for Budget It is not as if the Government can tax. employment and housing to the people. Needless to say.

These Demands are arranged Ministrywise and a separate Demand for each of the major services is presented. .Legislative prerogative over taxation. legislative control over expenditure and executive initiative in financial matters are some of the fundamental principles of the system of Parliamentary financial control. laid before both the Houses of Parliament constitutes the Budget of the Union Government. The statement embodies the estimated receipts and expenditure of the Government of India for the financial year. in respect of every financial year. no expenditure can be incurred except with the authorisation of the Legislature (article 266). Each Demand contains first a statement of the total grant and then a statement of the detailed estimate divided into items. article 265 provides that µno tax shall be levied or collected except by authority of law¶. Railway Budget The Budget of the Indian Railways is presented separately to Parliament and dealt with separately. cause to be laid before Parliament. For example. and President shall. These provisions of our Constitution make the Government accountable to Parliament. The financial year commences in India on 1st April each year. Demands for Grants The estimates of expenditure included in the Budget and required to be voted by Lok Sabha are in the form of Demands for Grants. Annual Financial Statement (article 112). There are specific provisions in the Constitution of India incorporating these tenets. The Budget The µAnnual Financial Statement¶. This statement takes into account a period of one financial year. although the receipts and expenditure of the Railways form part of the Consolidated Fund of India and the figures relating to them are included in the µAnnual Financial Statement¶.

In an election year. Budget Documents Alongwith the µAnnual Financial Statement¶ Government presents the following documents: an Explanatory Memorandum briefly explaining the nature of receipts and expenditure during the current year and the next year and the reasons for variations in the estimates for the two years. Vote on Account . He makes a speech introducing the Budget and it is only in the concluding part of his speech that the proposals for fresh taxation or for variations in the existing taxes are disclosed by him. on the last working day of February. General Budget was earlier being presented at 5 P. Budget may be presented twice²first to secure Vote on Account for a few months and later in full. the Books of Demands showing the provisions Ministrywise and a separate Demand for each Department and service of the Ministry. The General Budget is presented in Lok Sabha by the Minister of Finance. on the last working day of February. about a month before the commencement of the Financial year except in the year when General Elections to Lok Sabha are held. Part A deals with general economic survey of the country while Part B relates to taxation proposals.M.e. The Budget speech of the Finance Minister is usually in two parts. but since 1999 the General Budget is being presented at 11 A.M. the Budget is presented to Parliament on such date as is fixed by the President. i. The Finance Bill which deals with the taxation measures proposed by Government is introduced immediately after the presentation of Budget. The µAnnual Financial Statement¶ is laid on the Table of Rajya Sabha at the conclusion of the speech of the Finance Minister in Lok Sabha. It is accompanied by a memorandum explaining the provisions of the Bill and their effect on the finances of the country.Presentation In India.

The Standing Committee consists of 45 Members. Government is anxious to give Parliament full opportunity to discuss the budgetary provisions and the various proposals for taxation.The discussion on the Budget begins a few days after its presentation. This lasts for about 4 to 5 days. Consideration of the Demands by Standing Committees of Parliament After the first stage of General Discussion on both Railway as well as General Budget is over. In a democratic set-up. First. Normally. Discussion The Budget is discussed in two stages in Lok Sabha. The reports of the Standing Committees are of persuasive nature (Rule 331N). the Vote on Account is taken for two months only. Since Parliament is not able to vote the entire budget before the commencement of the new financial year. made for "Vote on Account" by which Government obtains the Vote of Parliament for a sum sufficient to incur expenditure on various items for a part of the year. . A special provision is. Only the broad outlines of the Budget and the principles and policies underlying it are discussed at this stage. But during election year or when it is anticipated that the main Demands and Appropriation Bill will take longer time than two months. the Vote on Account may be for a period exceeding two months. 30 from Lok Sabha and 15 from Rajya Sabha. the House is adjourned for a fixed period. During this period. therefore. there is the General Discussion on the Budget as a whole. the necessity to keep enough finance at the disposal of Government in order to allow it to run the administration of the country remains. These Committees are required to make their reports to the House within specified period without asking for more time. The report shall not suggest anything of the nature of cut motions. the Demands for Grants of various Ministries/Departments including Railways are considered by concerned Standing Committees (Rule 331G). The system of consideration of Demands for Grants by the Standing Committees was introduced from the Budget for the year 1993-94.

the Speaker puts all the outstanding Demands to the Vote of the House. . Discussion in Lok Sabha on µcharged¶ expenditure is permissible but such expenditure is not voted by the House. It does not vote on the Demands for Grants. Government introduces the Appropriation Bill. Members have full opportunity to criticise the budgetary provisions during the course of discussion as also to make suggestions for improving the financial position of the country. Lok Sabha has the power to assent to or refuse to give assent to any Demand or even to reduce the amount of Grant sought by Government. Appropriation Bill After the General Discussion on the Budget proposals and Voting on Demands for Grants have been completed.After the reports of the Standing Committees are presented to the House. On the last day of the allotted days. Comptroller and Auditor General of India and certain other items specified in the Constitution of India. Ministry-wise. Judges of Supreme Court. The "charged" expenditure includes the emoluments of the President and the salaries and allowances of the Chairman and Deputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha and the Speaker and Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha. The time for discussion and Voting of Demands for Grants is allocated by the Speaker in consultation with the Leader of the House. The procedure for passing this Bill is the same as in the case of other money Bills. the House proceeds to the discussion and Voting on Demands for Grants. This device is popularly known as µguillotine¶. In Rajya Sabha there is only a General Discussion on the Budget. Only so much of the amount is subject to the vote of Lok Sabha as is not a "charged" expenditure on the Consolidated Fund of India. Cut Motions Motions for reduction to various Demands for Grants are made in the form of Cut Motions seeking to reduce the sums sought by Government on grounds of economy or difference of opinion on matters of policy or just in order to voice a grievance. The Appropriation Bill is intended to give authority to Government to incur expenditure from and out of the Consolidated Fund of India.

Supplementary/Excess Grants No expenditure in excess of the sums authorised by Parliament can be incurred without the sanction of Parliament. as the Speaker may make. is taken up for consideration and passing after the Appropriation Bill is passed. If any money has been spent on any service during a financial year in excess of the amounts granted for that service and for that year. The procedure followed in Parliament in regard to Supplementary/Excess Grants is more or less the same as is adopted in the case of estimates included in the General Budget.Finance Bill The Finance Bill seeking to give effect to the Government¶s taxation proposals which is introduced in Lok Sabha immediately after the presentation of the General Budget. Whenever a need arises to incur extra expenditure. . the Minister of Finance/ Railways presents a Demand for Excess Grant. certain provisions in the Bill relating to levy and collection of fresh duties or variations in the existing duties come into effect immediately on the expiry of the day on which the Bill is introduced by virtue of a declaration under the Provisional Collection of Taxes Act. a Supplementary estimate is laid before Parliament. However. Parliament has to pass the Finance Bill within 75 days of its introduction. The procedure followed in regard to the Budget of the Union Government is followed in the case of State Budget also with such variations or modifications. Budget of a State/Union Territory under President¶s Rule Budget of a State under President¶s rule is presented to Lok Sabha.

Publication in Gazette After a Bill has been introduced. be published in the Gazette. . the Bill is introduced. If leave is granted by the House. First Reading The legislative process starts with the introduction of a Bill in either House of Parliament²Lok Sabha or Rajya Sabha. Even before introduction. This stage is known as the First Reading of the Bill. with the permission of the Speaker. In the former case it is known as a Government Bill and in the latter case it is known as a Private Member¶s Bill. in his discretion. It is necessary for a member-in-charge of the Bill to ask for leave to introduce the Bill. the Speaker may permit a full discussion thereon. However. a Bill might. A Bill can be introduced either by a Minister or by a private member. the question is put to the vote of the House. Thereafter. If the motion for leave to introduce a Bill is opposed. Where a motion for leave to introduce a Bill is opposed on the ground that the Bill initiates legislation outside the legislative competence of the House. it is published in the Official Gazette. It has to pass through various stages before it becomes an Act of Parliament. the motion for leave to introduce a Finance Bill or an Appropriation Bill is forthwith put to the vote of the House.HOW A BILL BECOMES AN ACT A Bill is the draft of a legislative proposal. allow brief explanatory statement to be made by the member who opposes the motion and the member-in-charge who moved the motion. the Speaker may.

First Stage: The first stage consists of general discussion on the Bill as a whole when the principle underlying the Bill is discussed. Opinions so received are laid on the Table of the House . At this stage it is open to the House to refer the Bill to a Select Committee of the House or a Joint Committee of the two Houses or to circulate it for the purpose of eliciting opinion thereon or to straightaway take it into consideration.In such cases. such opinions are obtained through the Governments of the States and Union Territories. leave to introduce the Bill in the House is not asked for and the Bill is straightaway introduced. the Committee considers the Bill clauseby-clause just as the House does. public bodies or experts who are interested in the measure. The Committee can also take expert opinion or the public opinion who are interested in the measure. the Committee shall consider the general principles and clauses of the Bill referred to them and make report thereon. After the Bill has thus been considered. The Committee can also take evidence of associations. If a Bill is referred to Standing Committee. Second Reading The Second Reading consists of consideration of the Bill which is in two stages. the Committee submits its report to the House which considers the Bill again as reported by the Committee. If a Bill is circulated for the purpose of eliciting public opinion thereon. After the Bill has thus been considered. Amendments can be moved to the various clauses by members of the Committee. the Committee submits its report to the House. being of persuasive value shall be treated as considered advice given by the Committees. Presiding Officer of the concerned House can refer the Bill to the concerned Standing Committee for examination and make report thereon. Reference of Bill to Standing Committee After a Bill has been introduced. If a Bill is referred to a Select/Joint Committee. The report of the Committee.

This stage is known as the Third Reading of the Bill. After the clauses. the Second Reading is deemed to be over. Bill in the other House After the Bill is passed by one House. the Enacting Formula and the Long Title of the Bill have been adopted by the House. Only formal. It is not ordinarily permissible at this stage to move the motion for consideration of the Bill. clause 1. it is sent to the other House for concurrence with a message to that effect. the Schedules if any. The amendments become part of the Bill if they are accepted by a majority of members present and voting.and the next motion in regard to the Bill must be for its reference to a Select/Joint Committee. the member-in-charge can move that the Bill be passed. verbal or consequential amendments are allowed to be moved at this stage. and there also it goes through the stages described above except the introduction stage. Amendments to a clause have been moved but not withdrawn are put to the vote of the House before the relevant clause is disposed of by the House. In passing an ordinary Bill. a majority of the total membership of the House and a majority of not less than two-thirds of the members present and voting is required in each House of Parliament. Second Stage: The second stage of the Second Reading consists of clause-by-clause consideration of the Bill as introduced or as reported by Select/Joint Committee. a simple majority of members present and voting is necessary. But in the case of a Bill to amend the Constitution. . Discussion takes place on each clause of the Bill and amendments to clauses can be moved at this stage. Third Reading Thereafter. At this stage the debate is confined to arguments either in support or rejection of the Bill without referring to the details thereof further than that are absolutely necessary.

It is open to Lok Sabha to accept or reject any or all of the recommendations of Rajya Sabha with regard to a Money Bill.. for appropriation of moneys out of the Consolidated Fund. recommend amendments in a Money Bill. it is deemed to have been passed by both Houses at the expiration of the said period in the form in which it was passed by Lok Sabha. It can.Money Bills Bills which exclusively contain provisions for imposition and abolition of taxes. Money Bills can be introduced only in Lok Sabha. If Lok Sabha accepts any of the recommendations of Rajya Sabha. Rajya Sabha cannot make amendments in a Money Bill passed by Lok Sabha and transmitted to it. If a Money Bill passed by Lok Sabha and transmitted to Rajya Sabha for its recommendations is not returned to Lok Sabha within the said period of fourteen days. etc. . however. the Money Bill is deemed to have been passed by both Houses with amendments recommended by Rajya Sabha and accepted by Lok Sabha and if Lok Sabha does not accept any of the recommendations of Rajya Sabha. but must return all Money Bills to Lok Sabha within fourteen days from the date of their receipt. Money Bill is deemed to have been passed by both Houses in the form in which it was passed by Lok Sabha without any of the amendments recommended by Rajya Sabha. are certified as Money Bills.

put on its trial during the Question Hour and every Minister whose turn it is to answer questions has to stand up and answer for his or his administration¶s acts of omission and commission. The Question Hour is an interesting part of the Parliamentary proceedings. as it were. The Government is. These repartees are sometimes coupled . Although a question mainly seeks information and tries to elicit facts on a particular subject. It is through questions in Parliament that the Government remains in touch with the people in as much as members are enabled thereby to ventilate the grievances of the public in matters concerning the administration. It is during the Question Hour that the members can ask questions on every aspect of administration and Governmental activity. Government policies in national as well as international spheres come into sharp focus as the members try to elicit pertinent information during the Question Hour. Through the Question Hour the Government is able to quickly feel the pulse of the nation and adapt its policies and actions accordingly. Sometimes questions may lead to the appointment of a commission.QUESTION HOUR IN LOK SABHA Generally. the first hour of a sitting of Lok Sabha is devoted to Questions and that hour is called the Question Hour. Questions bring to the notice of the Ministers many an abuse which otherwise would have gone unnoticed. Questions enable Ministries to gauge the popular reaction to their policy and administration. there are many a time lively and quicksilver repartees between the Members asking the questions and the Ministers answering them. Asking of questions is an inherent and unfettered parliamentary right of members. It has a special significance in the proceedings of Parliament. a court of enquiry or even legislation when matters raised are grave enough to agitate the public mind and are of wide public importance.

The entire proceedings of Rajya Sabha are also being telecast live daily since 7 December 1994 through a separate LPT. That is why the public galleries and the press galleries are packed to capacity during the Question Hour. Unstarred. Types of Questions Questions are of four types:² Starred. It has been arranged in such a manner that during the telecast of the Question Hour of one House by Doordarshan. All India Radio is also broadcasting the proceedings of the Question Hour of both the Houses from 2200 hrs. Earlier the pre-recorded proceedings of the Question Hour were telecast by Doordarshan on the following day in the morning. in the same night on their national hook up. Short Notice Questions and Questions addressed to private Members : A Starred Question is one to which a member desires an oral answer in the House and which is distinguished by an asterisk mark. Telecasting of Question Hour With a view to familiarising the public at large about the manner in which the proceedings of the Houses of Parliament are conducted in the Question Hour and how their representatives raise various issues of national/international importance. the proceedings of the Question Hour of both the Houses are being telecast live on alternate weeks throughout the country on the national channel of Doordarshan from 1100 hrs. In addition. proceedings of the Question Hour are being telecast since 2 December 1991. to 1200 hrs. From 7 December 1994. the proceedings of the Question Hour and the entire post-lunch proceedings of Lok Sabha are being telecast live on a separate terrestrial channel through a Low Power Transmitter (LPT) with a reach of 10-15 kms. the Question Hour of the Other House is broadcast by All India Radio. When a question is answered orally. to 2300 hrs. installed in Parliament House. .with flashes of wit and humour.

A Short Notice Question is one which relates to a matter of urgent public importance and can be asked with shorter notice than the period of notice prescribed for an ordinary question. Only 20 questions can be listed for oral answer on a day. An Unstarred Question is one which is not called for oral answer in the House and on which no supplementary questions can consequently be asked. . It is printed in the official report of the sitting of the House for which it is put down. The Question to a Private Member is addressed to the Member himself/herself and it is asked when the subjectmatter of it pertains to any Bill. Lok Sabha.supplementary questions can be asked thereon. For such Questions. a written answer is deemed to have been laid on the Table after the Question Hour by the Minister to whom it is addressed. the same procedure is followed as in the case of Questions addressed to a Minister with such variations as the Speaker may consider necessary or convenient. for its being placed on the list of questions when a member tables more than one notice of questions for the same day. Notices of Questions A member gives notice in writing addressed to the Secretary-General. To such a question. it is answered orally followed by supplementary questions. In addition to this. if any. intimating his intention to ask a question. Resolution or any matter relating to the Business of the House for which that Member is responsible. Only 230 questions can be listed for written answer on a day. Besides the text of the question. Like a starred question. 25 more questions can also be included in the Unstarred List relating to the States under Presidential Rule and the total number of questions in the list of Unstarred Questions for a day may not exceed 255 in relaxation of normal limit of 230 questions. the notice states clearly the official designation of the Minister to whom the question is addressed as also the date on which the question is desired to be placed on the list of questions for answer as also the order of preference.

A ballot is then held in respect of notices received in this Secretariat at the same time to determine their inter se priority. Questions containing more than 150 words or relating to a matter which is not primarily the concern of the Government of India are not admitted. questions raising larger issues of policy are not allowed for it is not possible to enunciate policies within the limited compass of an answer to a question. Questions that contain arguments. unstarred and short notice questions are numbered separately and entered in separate diaries on computer software. if the subject matter of a question is pending for judgement before any court of law or any other tribunal or body set up under law or is under consideration before a Parliamentary Committee. Questions making discourteous references to foreign countries with whom India has friendly relations are disallowed.The normal period of notice of a question is not more than twenty-one and not less than ten clear days. Besides. Questions which are in substance repetitions of those that have been answered previously or in regard to which information is available in accessible documents or in ordinary works of reference are also not admitted. A short notice question can be asked with a notice shorter than ten days. Separate ballots are held for starred and unstarred questions. Starred. The next stage is to examine the question as to whether or not it is admissible under the rules and past precedents. A question is primarily asked for the purpose of obtaining information on a matter of public importance. are not admitted. the same is not permitted to be asked. . A preliminary ballot of identical questions is held and the member who obtains priority is deemed to have tabled the question. Similarly. inferences or defamatory statements or otherwise refer to the character or conduct of any person except in his official or public capacity. Questions going into minor details of administration and day-to-day working of the Government/Organisations are also not admitted. Procedure in Lok Sabha Secretariat On receipt of the notice of a question it is scrutinised to see that the designation of the Minister and date of answer have been correctly mentioned in the notice. but the member has to state briefly the reasons for asking the question at short notice.

The Short Notice Question is taken up after the Question Hour. a question is admitted or disallowed. While compiling the list of unstarred questions. if so. urgent. what date will be convenient to him to answer the question. in the order of priority obtained in ballot with the orders of the Speaker. care is taken to see that one question of each member is included in the list of questions of that date. An advance copy of the admitted question is informally collected by the Ministry/Department concerned so that they may on their side initiate the action for collection of information asked for in the question to prepare a reply. A Short Notice Question which is of wide public importance is first referred to the Ministry concerned if necessary for furnishing factual information in the matter and also for indicating whether the Minister concerned accepts the short notice and. Allotment of Days for Questions Immediately on the fixation of the dates of sittings of a session of Lok Sabha. There is no Question Hour on Saturday. Normally not more than twenty questions are placed on the list of questions for oral answers and not more than two hundred and . Typed copies of the admitted and edited questions are then made out on a standard form.Keeping the above rules and precedents in view. The remaining unstarred questions are thereafter put in the list according to inter se priority obtained in the ballot. If the Minister accepts the short notice and the matter sought to be raised is considered by the Speaker. For this purpose the various Ministries are divided into five Groups and fixed days are allotted to groups of Ministries during the week. Separate lists are prepared for starred and unstarred questions which have been admitted. A serial number is allotted to each question. Not more than five questions are admitted in the name of a member for each sitting of which not more than one is put down for oral answer. the Short Notice Question is admitted and printed in a separate list on the light pink paper in order to distinguish from lists of ordinary questions. allotment is made of the days available for the answering of questions relating to the various Ministries of Government of India. if a sitting is fixed for that day. Admitted questions are entered in the List of Questions for the day for oral or written answers as the case may be.

the Speaker allows one supplementary each to members who are able to catch his eye. The Ministries are supplied with the lists of finally admitted questions at least 5 days before the date fixed for asking the questions. After him/her the second member whose name is clubbed on the question is allowed to ask one supplementary question. The number of such members depends on the importance of the question. Short Notice Question. rises in his/her seat when the turn of his/her question comes and asks his/her question by reading out its number on the list of questions. for that day is taken up and disposed of in the same way as the questions for oral answers. During the discussion. Thereafter the member who had asked the question can ask only two supplementary questions. The Minister concerned answers the question. i. any member can table a notice for raising Half-an-Hour Discussion thereon. such discussions are held on three days in a week. if any. Then the next question is taken up. The discussion is usually held from 17. The replies to questions not reached for oral answer during the Question Hour are deemed to have been laid on the Table of Lok Sabha. viz.thirty questions are placed on the list of questions for written answers on any one day.00 hours on the day on which discussion is to be held are . Mode of Asking Questions The member whose question has been admitted and which is included in the list of questions for oral answers for a particular day. Wednesday and Friday except in Budget Session when such discussion is normally not held till the financial business is completed. Thereafter. If the notice is admitted and gets priority in ballot such a discussion may be allowed by the Speaker.e. who have given advance notice before 11. after the questions for oral answer have been answered. the member who has given notice makes a short statement and not more than four other members. Normally. Half-an-Hour Discussion Where answer to a question whether Starred or Unstarred needs elucidation on a matter of fact.30 to 18. At the end of the Question Hour.. Monday.00 hrs.

permitted to ask a question each for further elucidating any matter of fact. Thereafter, the Minister concerned replies.

INDIAN PARLIAMENTARY GROUP

Origin The Indian Parliamentary Group is an autonomous body formed in the year 1949 in pursuance of a Motion adoptedby the Constituent Assembly (Legislative) on 16 August, 1948. Membership Membership of the Indian Parliamentary Group is open to all Members of Parliament and ex-Members of Parliament. A Member of Parliament can become a life Member of the Group on payment of life subscription of Rs. 500/-. Members of Parliament desirous of joining the Group may send an application together with the life subscription to the Secretary-General of Lok Sabha (who is ex-officio Secretary-General of the Group), Parliament House, New Delhi in the prescribed form available in Parliamentary Notice Offices of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha and also in the Conference Branch of the Lok Sabha Secretariat. Aims and Objects The aims and objects of the Indian Parliamentary Group are:² (i) to promote personal contacts between Members of Parliament; (ii) to study questions of public importance that are likely to come up before Parliament and arrange Seminars and discussions and orientation courses and bring out publications for the dissemination of information to the Members of the Indian Parliamentary Group; (iii) to arrange lectures on political, defence, economic, social and educational problems by Members of Parliament and distinguished persons; and

(iv) to arrange visits to foreign countries with a view to develop contacts with Members of other Parliaments. Organisation The management and control of the affairs of the Group are vested in the Executive Committee consisting of the President, two Vice-Presidents, the Treasurer and 16 Members. The Speaker of Lok Sabha is the ex-officio President of the Group and the Executive Committee. The Deputy Chairman of Rajya Sabha and the Deputy Speaker of Lok Sabha are ex-officio Vice-Presidents of the Group. The Treasurer and Members of the Executive Committee are elected at the Annual General Meeting from amongst the Life Members of the Group. Activities The Group acts as a link between the Parliament of India and the various Parliaments of the world. This link is maintained through exchange of delegations, goodwill missions, correspondence, documents etc. with foreign Parliaments. The Indian Parliamentary Group functions as the (a) National Group of the Inter-Parliamentary Union1, and (b) Main Branch of the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association* in India. Addresses to Members of Parliament by the visiting Heads of States and Governments of foreign countries and talks by eminent persons are arranged under the auspices of the Group. Seminars and Symposia on Parliamentary subjects of topical interest are organised periodically at national as well as international level. Members of the Group when visiting abroad are given letters of introduction to the Secretaries of the National Groups of the IPU and Secretaries of the CPA Branches. The Indian Missions in the countries of visit are also suitably informed so as to enable them to get assistance and usual courtesies. As per decision of the Executive Committee of the Indian Parliamentary Group, only those Members of Parliament who are Members of the Group of at least six months standing at the time of the composition of the Delegation may be included in the Indian Parliamentary Delegations to foreign countries. IPG Newsletter

Shri Jaswant Singh and Dr. . Sixth. Advani. Outstanding Parliamentarian Award An award for Outstanding Parliamentarian was instituted by the Indian Parliamentary Group in the year 1995. to maintain political. Seventh and Eighth awards for the years 1999. Manmohan Singh respectively. The Aims and Objectives of the Group are. 001 and 2002 were conferred on Shri L. insofar as it functions as the Main Branch of the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association in India. are as follows:² (a) Travel facilities and concession: In some countries of the Commonwealth train fares at reduced rates are available to visiting members of the Association and in some cases. Jaipal Reddy respectively. Advantages of Membership of the IPG The main advantage of membership of the Indian Parliamentary Group. IPG has decided to constitute Parliamentary Friendship Groups with other Countries in the Parliament. The First and Second awards for the years 1995 and 1996 were conferred on Shri Chandrashekhar and Shri Somnath Chatterjee respectively. social and cultural contacts between the two countries and to assist in having exchanges of information and experiences on issues relating to Parliamentary activities. The Fifth. to their families also. K. Parliamentary Friendship Groups To encourage bilateral relations. Shri Arjun Singh. The Third and Fourth awards for the years 1997 and 1998 were conferred on Shri Pranab Mukherjee and Shri S. 2000. It is sent regularly to all Members of the Group including Associate Members.An uninterrupted flow of information to Members regarding the activities of the Group is maintained through IPG Newsletter brought out every quarter. Each Friendship Group shall consist of at least twenty two sitting Members of Parliament (15 from Lok Sabha and 7 from Rajya Sabha) in proportion to the strength of Parties in Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.

lobbies. 1 The IPU is an Association of Parliamentary Groups constituted within the National Parliaments with the object to promote personal contacts between Members of all Parliaments and to unite them in common action to secure participation of their respective States in the establishment and development of Parliamentary Institutions and towards international peace and cooperation. 1975 and in 1991. which is a periodical published by the Commonwealth Parliamentary Association. particularly by supporting the UN objectives. (c) Preferential Treatment: The Commonwealth Parliamentary Association has arranged that its members. is supplied free to the members of the Indian Parliamentary Group on request made in the prescribed form available in the Conference Branch of Lok Sabha Secretariat.(b) Introductions and hospitality: Every CPA Branch uses its best endeavours to ensure that visiting members. especially when carrying letters of introduction from their Branches. 1969 and in April. shall be warmly received and shall enjoy parliamentary privileges and other facilities during their visit. (d) Free supply of periodicals: The Parliamentarian. India hosted CPA Conferences in New Delhi in 1957. * The CPA is an Association of Commonwealth Parliamentarians with the aim of encouraging understanding and cooperation between them and to promote the study of and respect for Parliamentary Institutions. dining and smoking rooms of the Parliament of the host Branch. A visiting member is granted access to galleries. London. The Association meets in Conference annually and also assists in holding Seminars on Parliamentary Practice and Procedure at regional levels. The Union meets in Conference twice a year to be hosted by member countries. . India hosted IPU Conferences in New Delhi in October-November. so that he may hear debates and meet fellow members of the Association. when visiting a Commonwealth country shall receive preferential treatment as parliamentarians. 1993.

Allowances and Pension of Members of Parliament (Amendment) Act. medical facilities. 14 September 2001. as the case may be. Allowances and Pension of Members of Parliament Act. These amenities are provided to members with a view to enable them to function effectively as Members of Parliament. travelling facilities.f. the amount of daily allowance has been increased from rupees four hundred to rupees five hundred for each day of residence on duty at a place where a session of a House of Parliament or a sitting of a Committee thereof is held. accommodation. the amenities provided to the members relate to salaries and allowances. Broadly speaking. Council of States on all the days (except intervening holidays for which no such signing is required) of the session of the House for which the allowance is claimed. Salary and Daily Allowance With the commencement of Salary. the amount of salary has been increased from rupees four thousand to rupees twelve thousand per mensem for a period of five years w. telephones. These are governed by the Salary. Similarly. 2001.AMENITIES FOR MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT After election to Parliament. After the expiry of the period of five years. Provided that no member shall be entitled to the aforesaid allowance unless he signs the register. maintained for this purpose by the Secretariat of the House of the People or. etc. A member is also entitled to daily allowance for a period of such residence.e. the members become entitled to certain amenities. the above amount may be determined by the Government by introducing an amendment in the above provision. 1954 and the rules made thereunder. not exceeding three days immediately preceding or succeeding the session of the House and not exceeding two days preceding or succeeding the sitting of a Committee. or for .

Office Expense Allowance Every member is entitled to office expense allowance @ Rs. . and Rs. 1000 for franking the letters. Constituency Allowance A member is entitled to receive the constituency allowance at the rate of rupees ten thousand per mensem.000 per month out of which Rs. (b) If the journey is performed by air. 3. (c) If the journey or any part thereof cannot be performed by rail or air² (i) Where the journey or any part thereof is performed by steamer an amount equal to one and three-fifths of the fare (without diet) for the highest class in the steamer. Rs. an amount equal to one and one-fourth of the air fare for each such journey.000 is paid by the Lok Sabha/Rajya Sabha Secretariats direct to the person(s) as may be engaged by a member for obtaining secretarial assistance..the purpose of attending to any other business connected with his/her duties as a Member of Parliament. Travelling Allowance/Travel Facilities A member is entitled to the following travelling allowances for the journey performed by him for attending a session of the House or a sitting of a Committee or for the purpose of attending to any other business connected with his/her duties as a member from his/her usual place of residence to the place where the above-mentioned business is transacted and for return journey from such place to his/her usual place of residence: (a) If the journey is performed by rail. 14.000 is for meeting expenses on stationery items etc. 10. an amount equal to one first class fare plus one second class fare irrespective of the class in which the member actually travels.

Provided that where a member performs journey by road in Delhi from and to an aerodrome. an amount equal to one first class fare of each such journey. irrespective of the class in which the member actually travels. he shall be paid a minimum amount of one hundred and twenty rupees for each such journey. from Delhi is entitled to receive road mileage for the journey performed by road even if the place is connected with superfast/express/mail train. . a member absents himself/herself for less than 15 days for visiting any place in India. Similarly a member whose usual place of residence is within the radius of 300 kms. the members belonging to north-eastern States are entitled to road mileage from the usual place of residence to the nearest airport even if the places connected by superfast/express/mail train. If. he/she is entitled to receive the following travelling allowance: (a) If the journey is performed by rail. a member is also entitled to receive travelling and daily allowances in respect of a journey performed by him/ her in the course of a tour outside India. Besides. For the purpose of claiming travelling allowance for attending a session of Parliament or a sitting of a Committee.(ii) Where the journey or any part thereof is performed by road. during a session of the House or a sitting of a Committee thereof. undertaken in the discharge of his/her duties as such member. A member is entitled to receive road mileage for the journey performed by road between the places not connected with the superfast/express/mail train. However. The travelling allowance admissible in respect of such journey is limited to the total amount of daily allowances which would have been admissible to such member for the days of absence if he/she had not so remained absent. members are required to travel only after the issue of Summons for attending a session or after the issue of notice of meeting for attending the meeting of a Committee. a road mileage at the rate of rupees eight per kilometre.

A member performing a journey by air out of 32 air journeys during inter-session period for visiting any place in India would be entitled to only to and fro TA by air only upto the farthest point travelled by the direct route and also TA for the road mileage at Delhi and the city of the said farthest point travelled by air. the balance of unused air journeys shall be carried over to the following year. companions or relatives shall be added in computing the limit of 32 air journeys. a member is entitled to receive travelling allowance for every journey performed by air for visiting any place in India during interval not exceeding seven days between two sittings of a Departmentally Related Standing Committee. an amount equal to one fare by air for each such journey but not more than once for visiting any place in India. The newly elected member may also avail of the journey before the publication of Notification by Election Commission. A member who performs air journey out of 32 air journeys to his usual place of residence or any place situated within his constituency during session period would be entitled to claim to and fro TA by air upto the airport nearest thereto and also TA for rail/road journeys. The spouse/companion of a member may travel alone by air eight time to meet the member out of the 32 air journeys available to a member in a year. if any. from and to airport to city at both places. excluding air fare. But the total amount of travelling allowance. beyond the airport. Every member has been given the facility of 32 air journeys during a year to be availed of during session/inter-session period with the spouse or any number of companions or relatives. Every member who has his ordinary place of residence in the Ladakh area of . is restricted to the amount of daily allowance which would have been admissible to him for the days of absence if he had not remained absent. A member performing a journey by air out of 32 air journeys to any place other than the usual place of residence or any place situated within his constituency during session period would be entitled to only to and fro TA by air only upto the farthest point travelled by the direct route and also TA for the road mileage at Delhi and at the city of the said farthest point travelled by air. When a House of Parliament is adjourned for a fixed period during Budget Session. Further. from and to airport to city at both places. Any journey performed by the spouse.(b) If the journey being a journey during a sitting of a committee is performed by air.

of the member or one person to accompany such member from any airport in Ladakh area to the airport in Delhi and back at any time. A member having no spouse is entitled to accompany with any other person in lieu of spouse in any train in first class AC or executive class from any place in India to any other place in India in addition to the facility available to him in respect of one companion in AC-II tier. The spouse can travel from the usual place of residence of the member to Delhi at any time after the issue of Summons and can return back any day before the commencement of the next session. The spouse of the Member is allowed road mileage for the journey or part thereof performed by road if unaccompanied by the Member. The spouse of every member is entitled to² (a) One free non-transferable railway pass to travel in first class air conditioned or executive class in any train. In addition to the air travel provided to a member. and if travelled by air. (b) The spouse is also entitled to travel in first class air conditioned or executive class in all the trains with the Member from any place in India to any other place in India. Where .the State of Jammu & Kashmir is entitled to an amount equal to the fare by air for each single journey by air performed by him from any airport in Ladakh to the airport in Delhi and back at any time. Rail Travel Facilities Every member is provided with² (a) One free non-transferable first class air-conditioned or executive class of any train pass which entitled him to travel at any time by any railway in India. if any. (b) One free non-transferable air-conditioned two-tier railway pass for one person to accompany the member when he travels by rail. an amount equal to the air fare. from the usual place of residence of a member to Delhi and back once during every session and twice in Budget Session but not exceeding 8 single journeys in a year. he is also entitled to an amount equal to the fare by air for each single journey by air performed by the spouse.

to utilise the same for the purpose of attending a session of the House for taking his/her seat therein. Every such member is entitled to an amount equal to the fare by air from his usual place of residence to the nearest airport in the mainland of India and back.during any part of a year the usual place of residence is inaccessible by rail. steamer or road. Where a member has not been provided with such a pass he/she will be entitled to receive an amount equal to one fare (without diet) for the highest class by steamer for any journey referred to above. Such pass is valid for the term of his/her office and on the expiration of the term. Members representing these Islands can also use the pass before taking their seat in the House. the pass is required to be surrendered to the Lok Sabha Secretariat. . a member is entitled to travel by air to and from his usual place of residence upto the nearest airport outside his constituency having rail service. due to climatic conditions and where air service is available. Steamer Pass Every member representing the Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands and the Union Territory of Lakshadweep Islands is provided with one free non-transferable pass to travel in the highest class of Steamer (excluding diet charges) to and from any part of his constituency and any other part of his constituency or the nearest port in the mainland of India. Companion or spouse of the member representing the Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands or the Union Territory of Lakshadweep is entitled to travel by the highest class (without diet) by steamer between the Island and mainland of India on the authority of the steamer pass issued to the spouse or companion of the member accompanying the member.

000 units on power meter or pooled together) per annum beginning from 1st of January every year in respect of residence allotted to him in Delhi. furniture within the monetary ceiling of Rs. 24.000 units (25.Every member is entitled to an amount equal to the fare by air.000 for non-durable furniture.000 units measures on light meter and 25. of the member. or for one person to accompany him/her from the usual place of residence in the Island to the nearest airport of the mainland of India and back. and also 25 per cent remission in the rents on account of any improvement or addition made to it or any additional service provided thereto by way of furniture. Where a member is allotted a housing accommodation in the form of a bungalow at his request. electrical equipment and other services. Every member is entitled without payment of charges to the supply of water upto 4000 kl per annum and electricity upto 50. for the spouse. 6. Each member is entitled to a licence-fee free flat or hostel accommodation throughout his term of office.000 in respect of durable furniture and Rs. Accommodation In order to meet adequately the needs of members for residential accommodation a separate pool of residences for members has been established and allotment of residences to members from this pool is made by the Accommodation Sub-Committee of the House Committee. and no . if he is entitled to such accommodation. he shall pay full normal licence fee. The above facilities are extended to a member residing in a private accommodation in Delhi. if any. Telephone Facilities No charges shall be payable by a member in respect of the installation and rental of one telephone installed either at his residence or at his office in Delhi or New Delhi. Arrangements for accommodation are made according to the criteria laid down by the House Committee. Other facilities enjoyed by members include washing of sofa covers and curtains every three months. Lok Sabha.

20. Chairmen of Parliamentary Committees are exempted from payment of any charges for local calls made from the telephone installed at their residences in Delhi/New Delhi. The trunk call bills of the members may be adjusted within the monetary equivalent of the ceiling of one lakh fifty thousand local calls per annum as aforesaid.000 free local calls during a year for Internet connectivity purposes. or a place selected by him being a place² (i) situated within the State which he represents. away from Delhi. In addition to above. . In addition.000 local calls made from that telephone during any year: Provided that the place selected by the member or approved by the Chairman or the Speaker. or within the State in which he resides in the case of member of the Council of States other than a member nominated to that House. as the case may be. No member shall be liable to make any payment in respect of the first 50. and (iii) approved by the Chairman of the Council of States or the Speaker of the House of the People. shall be within the area of operation of an existing telephone exchange. (ii) situated within the State in which his constituency is or within the State in which he resides in the case of a member of the House of the People.000 local calls made from the telephone during any year. other than a member nominated to that House. as the case may be.member shall be liable to make any payment in respect of the first 50. in the case of nominated members. Every member is also entitled to one additional telephone either at his residence in Delhi/New Delhi or at his usual place of residence or at the place selected by him within the State in which his constituency is or in the State in which he resides and 50. However. no charges shall be payable by a member in respect of the installation and rental of one telephone installed either at his usual place of residence.000 additional calls are also allowed to the members whose constituencies are 1000 km.

whichever is less.000 local calls available to them for 3 telephones. Medical facilities Under the Central Government Health Scheme as extended to members. Pandara Road.50.Further. Telegraph Lane. Constitution Club and First Aid Post in V. New Delhi with the adjustment of calls from the existing 1. South Avenue. Zakir Hussain Road. a member and his/her family are entitled to free medical treatment on a monthly contribution of Rs. However. Facilities to Members of pre-maturely dissolved Lok Sabha . sub-rule (3) and sub-rule (5) of Rule 4 of the Housing and Telephone Facilities (Members of Parliament) Rules.P. Advance granted together with interest thereon is recoverable from the salary bill of the member concerned in not more than sixty equal monthly installments. Advance for the purchase of conveyance A member is entitled to an advance not exceeding rupees one lakh or the actual price of the conveyance intended to be purchased. Excess telephone calls made over and above the pooled total of one lakh fifty thousand free local calls per annum in respect of the three telephones installed under sub-rule (1). no advance is dmissible when a conveyance has already been purchased and paid for in full. 1956 are adjusted against the one lakh fifty thousand free local calls allowed on the three telephones for the next year. Dr. House. A First Aid Post in Parliament House and a Medical Centre in Parliament House Annexe are also functioning for rendering medical aid to members in cases of emergency or sudden illness. 150. Provided further that where such payment has been made in part. every member is entitled to one mobile phone of MTNL. which shall not extend beyond the ensure of his membership. Dispensaries for providing treatment mainly to members exist in the North Avenue. the amount of advance shall be limited to the balance to be paid as certified by the member.

electricity/water units consumed during the intervening period from the quota for the first year of the subsequent Lok Sabha. the members of the dissolved Lok Sabha are entitled to consume the unutilised telephone calls.MP direct from DirectorGeneral (CGHS). on the strength of ex-MP Identity Card issued to him by Lok Sabha Secretariat. This facility is obtained by an ex. the period of nine months or more shall be treated as one complete year. he shall be paid an additional pension of rupees six hundred per mensem for every year in excess of five years. FACILITIES TO EX-MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT Pensionary Benefits Every person who has served as a member of the Provisional Parliament or either House of Parliament for any period is entitled to a pension of rupees three thousand per mensem. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. Family Pension to Spouse . he is entitled to adjust the excess telephone calls.If a Lok Sabha is dissolved pre-maturely. New Delhi. Provided further that where any person has served for a period exceeding five years. Free Rail Travel Facility Under Section 8AA of the MSA Act. an ex-member of Parliament is entitled to travel in any train in AC-II tier class alongwith a companion in AC-I class. Nirman Bhawan. For the purpose of calculation of years for determination of additional pension. if a member is re-elected in subsequent Lok Sabha. Medical Facilities CGH Scheme is applicable to ex-members of Parliament residing in cities covered by CGH Scheme on payment of contribution at the same rate as they were paying as Members of Parliament. Further. electricity units and water units from the date of dissolution of the Lok Sabha to the constitution of subsequent Lok Sabha. if travels done.

. his spouse/dependent is entitled to a pension of rupees one thousand and five hundred per mensem for a period of five years from the date of death of such member.In case a member dies during his term of office.

SALES SERVICE IN PARLIAMENT HOUSE The Sales Counter of the Lok Sabha Secretariat is located in Reception Office. The procedure for obtaining publications from the Sales Counter is outlined in the succeeding paragraphs. Parliament House. Glossary of Idioms./Postal Orders and advance payment . Unparliamentary Expressions. Synopsis of Lok Sabha Debates ( i.O. Who¶s Who.M. Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business in Lok Sabha. Sale of Publications through M. and 3 P.M. Directions by the Speaker under the Rules of Procedure of Lok Sabha. List of Business. Sale is ordinarily conducted across the Sales Counter between 10 A. Reports of Parliamentary Committees. Bulletins Part I & II. Demarcation of Responsibilities in Government of India and various other publications on Parliamentary procedures etc. Lists of Questions for Oral and Written Answers. Bills as introduced in Lok Sabha and as well as passed by both the Houses. Handbook for Members. Lok Sabha proceedings other than questions and answers). Constituent Assembly Debates (Five bound books. Fourth EditionReprint 1994). The term Parliamentary publications means publications brought out by the Lok Sabha Secretariat and include Lok Sabha Debates (cyclostyled and printed). in front of the main building of Parliament House. It caters to the needs of Members. Government Departments/Ministries and the general public in respect of Parliamentary publications. Sale across the Sales Counter Sale across the Sales Counter to customers (Government or private individuals) is strictly conducted on cash payment and cash receipts are issued. Fourth Edition-Reprint 2003) and (Ten bound books in Hindi version. Lok Sabha Members² 13th Lok Sabha. in English version.e.

Lok Sabha Secretariat. 2000/.only) of money in advance as per their requirement. New Delhi. if the customers so desire. Bills as introduced in Lok Sabha and as passed by both Houses of Parliament for which President¶s assent is obtained by the Lok Sabha Secretariat. Payment is also accepted by foreign money order. New Delhi in favour of Assistant Director (Sales). With this amount. The amount is to be remitted to the Assistant Director (Sales). Transactions with customers in Foreign Countries The requests for the supply of Parliamentary publications and papers from customers in foreign countries are also complied with on receipt of a bank draft drawn on the Reserve Bank of India. by money order/ bank draft. the cost of the publications and postage incurred thereon are debited against their Deposit Account. . Reports of other Parliamentary Committees. In all cases the postal charges are to be borne by the indentor. other than Government Departments/Ministries received from outstations for the supply of Parliamentary publications are complied with on receipt of their cost and postage in advance. Reports of Estimates Committee. Sale against Deposit Accounts Customers (Government or private individuals) who desire to be on the regular mailing list for any Parliamentary publications. for the amount covering the price of the publications as well as the postal charges likely to be incurred for the despatch. a Deposit Account is opened in the name of the party and publications are sent by Registered Post. Lok Sabha Secretariat. Parliament House Annexe. The actual amount required to be remitted to this Secretariat towards the cost and postage is communicated to the customers on receipt of their requests. Publications are also supplied by ordinary book-post. New Delhi. Synopsis of Lok Sabha Debates (Proceedings other than Questions and Answers) are required to deposit a certain sum (Rs. The Deposit Account is required to be replenished when it is near exhaustion. at their risk.. as and when received for sale. Parliament House Annexe. Public Accounts Committee and Committee on Public Undertakings.Requests from customers. viz. Joint and Select Committee Reports on Bills.

The advance booking for the sale of Budget sets is undertaken a week in advance. Periodicals are sent to subscribers by ordinary book-post and Postal charges are borne by the buyer.O.O. Sale of Budget Papers The Budget sets are sold at the Sales Counter.Supply of Periodicals There are presently 5 periodicals on various Parliamentary subjects. The Souvenirs are not sent by post as these tend to get damaged in transit. Handout of Parliamentary Publications . which are issued yearly/quarterly in 17 issues during a calendar year. Parliament House Reception Office. Stationery Sale of Members¶ demi-official stationery is ordinarily conducted against cash payments at the Publication Counter. Sale by Authorised Agents For the convenience of customers. After 31st March. after its presentation in the Lok Sabha. The annual subscription for Parliamentary periodicals covering a calendar year is accepted upto 31st March. Sale of Souvenirs brought out by Lok Sabha Secretariat There are 30 items of Souvenir. annual subscription is not accepted and copies of the periodicals are sold on ad hoc basis. and may be obtained on cash payment. Members can have their D. Parliament House Reception Office. available at the Sales Counter. Stationery on credit basis and the amount is deducted from their salaries. provided they are available in stock. booksellers of repute have been appointed agents in various States for the sale of Parliamentary publications. Members¶ D.

.A handout of Parliamentary publications and Souvenirs can be had from the Sales Section. Parliament House Annexe. on specific request free of cost. New Delhi.

government officials. The Bureau also conducts two international training programmes for foreign parliamentary officials viz. Training and Refresher courses for officers of the Secretariats of Parliament and State Legislatures. the Bureau organises short study visits for the members of foreign/State Legislatures. scholars. Appreciation Courses for Senior and Middle Level Officers of the Government of India including Defence Services and Public Sector Undertakings and probationers of All India and Central Services. the Bureau of Parliamentary Studies and Training (BPST) is the premier training body providing opportunities for systematic study and training in various disciplines of parliamentary institutions. The Bureau has its own web site . It also conducts regular attachment programmes for parliamentarians and parliamentary/government officials of foreign countries with the Indian Parliament. expertise and orientation to those who actually work for the parliamentary system. Ever since its inception.BUREAU OF PARLIAMENTARY STUDIES AND TRAINING Established in 1976 as an integral Division of the Lok Sabha Secretariat. The Bureau¶s activities include holding of Orientation Programmes and Seminars for Members of Parliament and State Legislatures. n addition. processes and procedures to the Legislators and officials. µParliamentary Internship Programme¶ and µInternational Training Programme in Legislative Drafting¶. students and others. Housed in the state-of-art Parliament Library Building. BPST has successfully embarked upon various programmes of training in Parliamentary and Legislative fields. thus imparting professionalism. the Bureau is equipped with modern infrastructure and latest training equipments.

. Seminars and workshops for Members of Parliament/ State Legislatures To enable the elected representatives to make optimum use of the time at their disposal. the Bureau organises seminars and specialised workshops on various topics of parliamentary and current importance. etc. Computer Awareness Programmes The Bureau also organises computer awareness programmes for Members of Parliament to assist them in discharging effectively their duties such as constituency management functions. These Programmes aim at promoting a deeper appreciation of the constitutional role and position of the Parliament and the State Legislatures as representative institutions. seasoned parliamentary officials and other experts are invited to hold discussions on various aspects of parliamentary practice and procedure. Each Programme is of two to three day¶s duration. office automation activities and personal information management. the Bureau organises Orientation Programmes.nic. economic and social developments are organised to help the legislators acquire deeper and broader understanding of complex national and global issues. Seminars on topics of political. Eminent parliamentarians.at <http://parliamentofindia. Orientation Programmes for Members of Parliament/ State Legislatures With a view to familiarising the newly elected Members of Parliament and State Legislatures with the intricacies of the Parliamentary Practices and Procedures. Lok Sabha. Computer awareness programmes are also organised for officials of Lok Sabha as well as the personal staff of the Members.in/bpst/bpst. familiarising the Members more closely with the parliamentary traditions and etiquette and help them in making the best and most effective use of the precious time for more informed and fruitful discussions.htm> The Bureau functions under the overall control and supervision of Secretary-General. including Cabinet Ministers.

Training Programmes for Officials of Foreign Parliaments The Bureau organises every year two International Training programmes i. The aim of the Parliamentary Internship Programme is to provide the participants an opportunity to exchange ideas in the context of their own experiences in their legislatures and to make them aware of the environment. boarding and local transport are either borne by the participants themselves or by the sponsoring authority. travel. the Bureau organises a nine week long International Training Programme in Legislative Drafting during December-February. This programme is of seven weeks¶ duration and is organised during October-November every year. Parliamentary Internship Programme and International Training Programme in Legislative Drafting for the foreign parliamentary/government officials.e. The Bureau does not charge any fee for organising programmes and making available relevant study material. tradition. . To assist the legislators of developing countries in drafting Private Members¶ Bills. lodging. skills and techniques required for drafting legislation. However.Programmes for Foreign Parliamentarians Customised Attachment Programmes and Study Visits for Presiding Officers. all expenditure in connection with such visits including air-fare. The programmes are ad hoc in nature and are specially tailor made to suit the special requirements of the visiting dignitaries enabling them to have a first-hand knowledge of the working of parliamentary institutions in India. The Programmes are open to others also in case the sponsoring authority or the participants are prepared to meet the expenses on boarding. parliamentarians and parliamentary officials from abroad are organised by the Bureau on request. lodging. The participants are drawn from countries covered under Indian Technical and Economic Cooperation (ITEC)/Special Commonwealth Africa Assistance Plan (SCAAP) and Colombo Plan. The programme is designed to equip the parliamentary officials with the basic concepts. culture and working of the parliamentary institutions in India. etc.

the participants are given the requisite orientation to enable them to understand some notable aspects of parliamentary institutions followed by a visit to Lok SabhaChamber and Rajya Sabha Chamber.Courses for Government Officials and Probationers of All India and Central Services Appreciation Courses in Parliamentary Processes and Procedures of a week¶s duration are organised not only for middle and senior level officials of the Government of India but also for the probationers of All India and Central Services. Study Visits The Bureau organises short study visits for officers of Government and Legislature Secretariats. leading to a more informed response to their work in relation to Parliament. culture and traditions of parliamentary institutions so as to enable them to appreciate better the nature of their role and place in the overall context of parliamentary system. Visual Aids . for example. These courses aim at developing the right attitudes and qualities essential in parliamentary officials. During such visits. refresher courses as well as specialised courses are organised by the Bureau for them. or witnessing the proceedings of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha when the Houses are in session. highest respect for the representatives of the people and unfailing courtesy. These Courses provide to the participants the much needed direct exposure to the environment. as well as scholars and students both from India and abroad. a sense of dedication in service.foundational courses.objectivity of approach. Central Hall. Courses for Parliamentary and State Legislature Officials To sharpen the functional skills of the officials working in the Secretariats of Parliament and State Legislatures. precision and promptness.

. "Financial Committees of Parliament" and "Enriching the Debates in Legislatures". These video films are shown to the Members of Parliament as well as the participants who come to attend the various courses/programmes organised by the Bureau. "Private Members¶ Bills". "Parliamentary Etiquette and Manners".To make the lectures more interesting. the Bureau has prepared video films on subjects of parliamentary interest such as "Parliamentary Questions".

Subsequently. selected proceedings of Lok Sabha were got recorded on Umatic tapes and VHS cassettes. proceedings of . academicians and even common people. Since 18 April 1994. The Service has two Units: (I) Audio-Visual Unit. A beginning was made in this direction when for the first time the President¶s Address to members of both the Houses of Parliament was telecast live in 1989. These records have immense archival value for the parliamentarians. I AUDIO ± VISUAL UNIT The Audio-Visual Unit which was set up in 1992 provides facilities for viewing / listening to the video records of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha debates. an Audio-Visual Library was set up in 1992 for keeping the records of the proceedings in cassettes and CDs and providing facilities to members to view the same. Televising of proceedings provides the people a direct access to the work of their elected representatives in the highest democratic institution. and (II) Telecasting Unit. scholars. the Lok Sabha Secretariat had taken several steps to record and telecast/broadcast the proceedings of Lok Sabha with the help of Doordarshan / All India Radio.AUDIO-VISUAL AND TELECASTING SERVICES In the light of advancements made in the field of electronic media and the need to make the citizens aware of the deliberations in Parliament. media persons. In the beginning. complete recordings of the Lok Sabha proceedings and other parliamentary functions are being maintained on U-matic / Betacam / VHS cassettes/Video CDs in the Audio-Visual Library.

Parliamentary Films and Linguaphone Courses to members of Parliament. proceedings of National and International Parliamentary Conferences / Seminars / Symposia / Workshops and other parliamentary functions.visual materials.National and International Parliamentary Conferences / Seminars / Symposia / Workshops. Video Compact Discs (VCDs) and audio cassettes of Lok Sabha Debates. Betacam. Arrangements have also been made for dubbing of recordings of all events and functions into VHS cassettes for being supplied to members and others on demand on payment basis. As part of the modernisation of A. It is also looking after the work of selection and collection of audio . VHS) cassettes. the video crew of the Unit records all important parliamentary functions/events including National and International Parliamentary Conferences/Seminars/Symposia/Workshops. With the help of VHS cameras. Press Conferences and other functions of Hon¶ble speaker. Symposia and Workshops and telefilms on different aspects of parliamentary practices and procedures. Deputy Speaker and Secretary General. are being set up in the Parliamentary Library Building. Video viewing arrangements would also be modernized by providing multi media facilities. Floral Tributes paid at the portraits in the Central Hall on the birth anniversaries of the National Leaders. classification and preservation of cassettes of important parliamentary functions and events like Conferences. Orientation Programmes organised by BPST. accession. meetings of MPs with Parliamentary Delegations. This Unit preserves the Video (U-matic.V. Parliamentary Exhibitions. media persons and other visiting dignitaries. facilities. equipped with post production editing facilities. calls on Speaker. etc. The Unit has VHS cameras. by foreign delegations and dignitaries. Seminars. a state-of-the-art studio and production control room (in digital format). The Audio-Visual Unit has acquired audio and video cassettes for Linguaphone Courses in various Indian and foreign languages and has also added to its holdings audio-cassettes pertaining to classical and instrumental music and patriotic songs for . editing equipment and a Viewing Room in the Parliament Library Building.

Russian. . Dutch. Norwegian. Finnish. y Linguaphone Course in English language through Hindi. In view of the demands from MPs and storing convenience of CDs. Italian. French. German. Italian and Spanish through English. English. Chinese. French. Malay. Malayalam. Spanish and Swedish through English. Indonesian. Oriya. The following Linguaphone Courses (audio and video cassettes) are available for listening/viewing in the Viewing Room: Audio Cassettes y Linguaphone Courses in Hindi language through English. viz Arabic. Japanese. Hebrew. Kannada. SerboCroatian. Polish. Rajya Sabha proceedings in CD format are also being acquired.the use of members of Parliament and for use at various parliamentary functions. Persian. Tamil and Telugu. Icelandic. Korean. Tamil and Telugu through English. the Unit has started getting the recordings of Lok Sabha proceedings transferred in CD format. Portuguese. Greek. Bengali. Danish. Malayalam. Video Cassettes y Linguaphone courses in four foreign languages viz. y Language Courses in Kannada. y Hindi language course through commentaries in Assamese. y Linguaphone Courses in 23 foreign languages. German.

As a prelude to complete live telecast of parliamentary proceedings throughout the nation. Important events like President¶s Address to members of both the Houses. The proceedings of the Question Hour of both the Houses are also being telecast live on alternate weeks throughout the country on the Primary Channel of Doordarshan from 1100 hrs. within a range of 10 to 15 kms. Elections of Speaker and Deputy Speaker. With the launch of DD-News Channel. too. from Parliament House. All India Radio. since 7 December 1994. All India Radio covers the other House. on alternate weeks. It has been arranged in such a manner that during the week Doordarshan covers the one House on its National Channel. Doordarshan is telecasting live the Question Hour of the other House on DDNews Channel.II. While telecasting the Question Hour of one House on National Channel. to 2300 hrs. oath taking by members have also been telecast/broadcast live on the Primary Channel of Doordarshan / All India Radio. With the installation of another Low Power Transmitter. since the Rajya Sabha proceedings are also being telecast live 7 December 1994. Motions of . on their National Channel same day from 2200 hrs. a Low Power Transmitter (LPT) was set up in Parliament House on 25 August 1994 to provide for live telecast of Lok Sabha proceedings. to 1200 hrs. Doordarshan has been telecasting live the Question Hour of both Lok Sabha And Rajya Sabha simultaneously on National Channel and DD-News Channel of Doordarshan on alternate weeks from the Winter Session of 2003. broadcasts the recording of Question Hour of both the Houses. TELECASTING UNIT Televising of select parliamentary proceedings in India commenced with the live telecast of President¶s Address to the members of both the Houses of Parliament on 20 December 1989. presentation of General and Railway Budgets and debates on Confidence/Noconfidence in the Council of Ministers.

The entire proceedings of the two Houses of Parliament are since being telecast live through separate dedicated satellite channels by Doordarshan. Under the new robotic camera system. In order to telefilm and telecast live the complete proceedings of Parliament in a better manner.Dedicated Satellite Channels for live telecast As a result of the consistent efforts of Lok Sabha and Prasar Bharati. a landmark in the history of telecasting of parliamentary proceedings was reached on 14 December 2004 when two separate dedicated satellite channels for telecasting live the entire proceedings of Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha were launched by Vice-President of India and Speaker.M.C. Balayogi Auditorium and other Committee Rooms in the Parliament Library Building. A robotically-controlled TV set up has been introduced for the purpose of coverage of the functions/events held in the G. Installation of Robotic Camera System in Parliament House/Parliament Library Building. Robotically-controlled MultiCamera Systems and Production Control Rooms have been set up for Auditorium and BPST Main Committee Room. Lok Sabha respectively at a function held in the historic Central Hall of Parliament House. From the Budget Session of 2000. The system had become operational with effect from the Winter Session of Parliament in 1997. a sophisticated modern robotic camera system and a production control room had been set up in Parliament House. the televised proceedings of Parliament are properly captioned/titled through BIID system installed by Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC). there are eight robotic cameras which are operated by remote control from the production control room in Parliament House. A Mobile Unit has also been developed for on-line .

ceremonies connected with the Farewell to and Oath-taking by the President of India. unveiling of the statues and portraits of National Leaders in the Parliament House Complex. National and International Conferences/Seminars besides other important parliamentary functions held in Parliament precincts and elsewhere. Other functions of Telecasting Unit This Unit coordinates with Doordarshan/All India Radio and other official agencies for the telecast/broadcast of parliamentary proceedings.production of the events/functions in other Committee Rooms of the Parliament Library Building. The Unit makes all necessary arrangements for effective and uninterrupted telecasting/broadcasting by providing infrastructural and other assistance to the concerned agencies. The latest digital broadcasting quality equipments have also been installed in the Production Control Rooms. If any private television and radio/internet broadcasting agency wants to telecast/broadcast the proceedings live/recorded or to use the recorded . Celebrations of the Golden Jubilee of the First Sitting of the Constituent Assembly and India¶s Independence. It also coordinates with official/private agencies for transferring the proceedings from U-matic tapes to VHS cassettes and U-matic/Betacam cassettes to Video CDs. conferment of Outstanding Parliamentarian Awards. For example. Addresses by foreign dignitaries and Inaugural and Closing Ceremonies of International Parliamentary Conference to mark the Golden Jubilee of Indian Parliament were telecast/broadcast on the national channel by Doordarshan and All India Radio.

and (vi) How to be an Effective Parliamentarian? Two films. The Unit is in the process of preparing some more informative and educative films on the functioning of Parliament. These films also facilitate in educating students. during an Exhibition on ³Parliamentary History and Activities´ set up as part of the Golden Jubilee Celebrations of India¶s Independence in November 1998. the Speaker. (v) Enriching the Debates in Legislatures. (iii) Parliamentary Etiquette and Manners. viz. Moscow. In pursuance of a Resolution adopted at the Conference of Presiding Officers of Legislative Bodies in India held in New Delhi in October 1996. (iv) Financial Committees. Six parliamentary films which have been produced so far are: (i) Private Members¶ Bills. This Committee is serviced by the Telecasting Unit. it is allowed to use the feed or supplied with the footage on the terms and conditions laid down by the Lok Sabha Secretariat. Parliamentary Films As an extension of telefilming and televising of parliamentary proceedings. µParliamentary Etiquette and Manners¶ and µHow to be an Effective Parliamentarian?¶ were also dubbed in Russian and shown at the State Duma.excerpts/footage of parliamentary proceedings. ********************* . Lok Sabha had constituted a Committee of Presiding Officers on ³Telecasting of the Proceedings of the Legislatures´ for assessing the feasibility of telecasting the proceedings of Legislative Bodies in India. media persons and others about various facets of the functioning of Parliament. video films are also prepared on different aspects of parliamentary practices and procedures and related parliamentary topics for new members of Parliament and State Legislatures. (ii) Parliamentary Questions. live or pre-recorded.

transacted by what are called the Parliamentary Committees. Apart from the Ad hoc Committees. Other Committees Of special importance is yet another class of Committees which act as Parliament¶s µWatch Dogs¶ over the executive. the Committee on Public Accounts. The time at its disposal is limited. These are the Committees on Subordinate Legislation. Others like the Railway Convention Committee. the Committee on Public Accounts and the Committee on Public Undertakings and Departmentally Related Standing Committees (DRSCs). the Committee of Privileges and the Rules Committee. therefore. The Committee on Estimates. the Committee on Petitions. A good deal of its business is. each House of Parliament has Standing Committees like the Business Advisory Committee. Ad hoc and Standing Committees Parliamentary Committees are of two kinds: Ad hoc Committees and the Standing Committees. Ad hoc Committees are appointed for a specific purpose and they cease to exist when they finish the task assigned to them and submit a report. It cannot. the Committee on Public Undertakings and DRSCs play an important role in exercising a check over governmental expenditure and Policy formulation. the Committee on Estimates. . but considerable in volume. the Committee on Government Assurances.PARLIAMENTARY COMMITTEES The work done by the Parliament in modern times is not only varied in nature. therefore. the Committees on the Draft Five Year Plans and the Hindi Equivalents Committee were appointed for specific purposes. etc. give close consideration to all the legislative and other matters that come up before it. The principal Ad hoc Committees are the Select and Joint Committees on Bills.

or administrative reform.COMPOSITION AND FUNCTIONS OF THE COMMITTEES Select and Joint Committees When a Bill comes up before a House for general discussion. A Minister is not eligible for election to this Committee. consistent with the policy underlying the estimates may be effected and to suggest alternative policies in order to bring about efficiency and economy in administration. The Committee also examines matters of special interest which may arise or come to light in the course of its work or which are specifically referred to it by the House or the Speaker. The main function of the Committee on Estimates is to report what economies. Committee on Public Undertakings . Committee on Estimates This Committee consists of 30 members who are elected by the Lok Sabha every year from amongst its members. Members who do not agree with the majority report may append their minutes of dissent to the report. improvements in organisation. The Committee can also take evidence of associations.it is open to that House to refer it to a Select Committee of the House or a Joint Committee of the two Houses. The Select or Joint Committee considers the Bill clause by clause just as the two Houses do. A motion has to be moved and adopted to this effect in the House in which the Bill comes up for consideration. From time to time the Committee selects such of the estimates pertaining to a Ministry or a group of Ministries or the statutory and other Government bodies as may seem fit to the Committee. public bodies or experts who are interested in the Bill. The term of the Committee is one year. In case the motion adopted is for reference of the Bill to a Joint Committee. After the Bill has thus been considered the Committee submits its report to the House. the decision is conveyed to the other House requesting them to nominate members of the other House to serve on the Committee. efficiency. Amendments can be moved to various clauses by members of the Committee.

Cases involving losses. A Minister is not eligible for election to this Committee. The Committee is not concerned with questions of policy. (c) to examine in the context of the autonomy and efficiency of the Public Undertakings whether the affairs of the Public Undertakings are being managed in accordance with sound business principles and prudent commercial practices. however. The Appropriation Accounts of the Government of India and the Audit Reports presented by the Comptroller and Auditor General mainly form the basis for the examination of the Committee. The term of the Committee is one year. nugatory expenditure and financial irregularities come in for severe criticism by the Committee. examine matters of major Government policy and matters of day-to-day administration of the Undertakings. It is concerned only with the execution of the policy laid down by Parliament and its results. Committee on Public Accounts This Committee consists of 15 members elected by the Lok Sabha and 7 members of the Rajya Sabha are associated with it. The functions of the Committee on Public Undertakings are²(a) to examine the reports and accounts of Public Undertakings. The main duty of the Committee is to ascertain whether the money granted by Parliament has been spent by Government "within the scope of the Demand".The Committee on Public Undertakings consists of 15 members elected by the Lok Sabha and 7 members of Rajya Sabha are associated with it. and (d) such other functions vested in the Committee on Public Accounts and the Committee on Estimates in relation to the Public Undertakings as are not covered by clauses (a). A Minister is not eligible for election to this Committee. (b) and (c) above and as may be allotted to the Committee by the Speaker from time to time. The term of the Committee is one year. Business Advisory Committee (Lok Sabha) . The Committee does not. if any. (b) to examine the reports. of the Comptroller and Auditor General on the Public Undertakings.

may also recommend to the Government to bring forward particular subjects for discussion in the House and recommend allocation of time for such discussions. may direct to be referred to the Committee. The Committee. The Committee generally meets at the beginning of each Session and thereafter as and when necessary. Almost all sections of the House are represented on the Committee as per the respective strength of parties in the House. The Committee holds office for a term not exceeding one year. The Committee. to examine all Private Members¶ Bills after they are introduced and before they are taken up for consideration in the House and to classify them according to their nature. on its own initiative. The decisions reached by the Committee are always unanimous in character and representative of the collective view of the House. Committee on Private Members¶ Bills and Resolutions (Lok Sabha) This Committee consists of 15 members and the Deputy Speaker is its Chairman when nominated as a member of he Committee.The Business Advisory Committee of Lok Sabha consists of 15 members including the Speaker who is the ex-officio Chairman. Rules Committee (Lok Sabha) The Rules Committee consists of 15 members including the Speaker who is the exofficio Chairman of the Committee. thus. category A and category B and also to examine such Private Members¶ Bills where the legislative competence of the House is challenged. in consultation with the Leader of the House. The members are nominated by the Speaker. The . urgency and importance into two categories namely. The function of the Committee is to recommend the time that should be allotted for the discussion of such Government legislative and other business as the Speaker. The members are nominated by the Speaker. performs the same function in relation to Private Members¶ Bills and Resolutions as the Business Advisory Committee does in regard to Government Business. The functions of the Committee are to allot time to Private Members¶ Bills and Resolutions. to examine Private Members¶ Bills seeking to amend the Constitution before their introduction in Lok Sabha. The Committee is nominated by the Speaker.

Committee of Privileges (Lok Sabha) This Committee consists of 15 members nominated by the Speaker. Act. (d) whether both the Hindi and English versions of the paper have been laid on the Table. (e) whether a statement explaining the reasons for not laying the Hindi version has been given and whether such reasons are satisfactory. It determines with reference to the facts of each case whether a breach of privilege is involved and makes suitable recommendations in its report. Committee on Petitions (Lok Sabha) The Committee consists of 15 members nominated by the Speaker. (b) whether there has been any unreasonable delay in laying the paper. A Minister is not nominated to this Committee. (f) such other functions in respect of the papers laid on the Table as may be assigned to it by the Speaker from time to time. Committee on Papers Laid on the Table (Lok Sabha) This Committee consists of 15 members nominated by the Speaker. rule or regulation under which the paper has been laid. The function is to examine every question involving breach of privilege of the House or of the members of any Committee thereof referred to it by the House or by the Speaker. Its function is to examine all papers laid on the Table of the House by Ministers (other than those which fall within the purview of the Committee on Subordinate Legislation or any other Parliamentary Committee) and to report to the House²(a) whether there has been compliance of the provisions of the Constitution. Besides.Committee considers matters of procedure and conduct of business in the House and recommends any amendments or additions to the Rules of Procedure and Conduct of Business in Lok Sabha that are considered necessary. The function of the Committee is to consider and report on petitions presented to the House. it also considers representations from . whether a statement explaining the reasons for delay has been laid on the Table of the House and whether those reasons are satisfactory. (c) if there has been such delay.

Committee on Government Assurances (Lok Sabha) This Committee consists of 15 members nominated by the Speaker. A Minister is not nominated to this Committee. without permission. In its report it makes recommendations with respect to each case as to whether the absence should be condoned or leave applied granted or whether the circumstances of the case justify that the House should declare the seat of the member vacant. have been implemented and to see whether such implementation has taken place within the minimum time necessary for the purpose. This Committee considers all applications from members for leave of absence from the sittings of the House and examines every case where a member has been absent for a period of 60 days or more. Ministers at times give assurances or undertakings either to consider a matter or to take action or to furnish the House further information later. on subjects which are not covered by the rules relating to petitions and gives directions for their disposal.. sub-rules. While replying to questions in the House or during discussions on Bills. given by Ministers from time to time and to report to Lok Sabha on the extent to which such assurances etc. Motions etc. The Committee scrutinizes and reports to the House whether the powers to make regulations. by-laws etc. A Minister is not nominated to this Committee. Resolutions. Committee on Subordinate Legislation (Lok Sabha) The Committee consists of 15 members nominated by the Speaker. The functions of this Committee are to scrutinize the assurances. Committee on Absence of Members from the Sittings of the House (Lok Sabha) The Committee consists of 15 members who hold office for one year. conferred by the Constitution or delegated by Parliament are being properly exercised by the executive within the scope of such delegation. . rules. etc. from the sittings of the House. The members are nominated by the Speaker. promises. undertakings etc.individuals and associations.

a member of either House of Parliament under article 102 of the Constitution. Committee on the Welfare of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes The Committee on the Welfare of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes consists of 20 members elected by the Lok Sabha and 10 members of Rajya Sabha are associated with it.Joint Committee on Offices of Profit This Committee consists of 15 members. A Minister is not eligible for election to this Committee. The term of the Committee is one year. 12 members are from Lok Sabha nominated by the Speaker and 6 members are from Rajya Sabha nominated by the Chairman. . The Committee is constituted for the duration of each Lok Sabha. to consider the reports submitted by the National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes and to examine the measures taken by the Union Government to secure due representation of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in services and posts under its control. Besides this. Ministers of State in the Ministry of Finance and Ministry of Railways respectively are also its members. The main functions of the Committee are to consider all matters concerning the welfare of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. Ten members are elected from Lok Sabha and five from Rajya Sabha. Out of these. and for being. The main functions of the Committee are to examine the composition and character of the Committees appointed by the Central and State Governments and to recommend what offices should disqualify and what offices should not disqualify a person for being chosen as. Railway Convention Committee The Railway Convention Committee is an ad-hoc Committee. falling within the purview of the Union Government and the Union Territories. It consists of 18 members. By convention the Minister of Finance and the Minister of Railways are members of the Committee.

Rajya Sabha from amongst the members of the Rajya Sabha. 20 nominated by the Speaker from amongst the members of Lok Sabha and 10 nominated by the Chairman. The Committee may also examine such other matters as may seem fit to them or are specifically referred to them by the Lok Sabha or the Speaker and the Rajya Sabha or the Chairman. The Committee have been primarily mandated with the task of reviewing and monitoring the measures taken by the Union Government in the direction of securing for women equality. The term of the Committee is of one year. 1996. The Committee would also suggest necessary correctives for improving the status/condition of women in respect of matters within the purview of the Union Government. The Committee would also consider the report of the National Commission for Women. Committee on Empowerment of Women This Committee came into being on 29th April. This Committee and subsequent Committees confined themselves to determining the rate of dividend payable by Railways to General Revenues. The Committee consists of 30 members. The Railway Convention Committee. 1949 was the first Committee after independence. as a consequence of identical Resolutions adopted by both the Houses of Parliament on the occasion of International Womens¶ Day on 8th March. another important function of the Committee is to examine the measures taken by the Union Government for comprehensive education and adequate representation of women in Legislative bodies/services and other fields.The main function of the Committee is to review the Rate of Dividend payable by the Railways undertaking to General Revenues as well as other ancillary matters in connection with the Railway Finance vis-a-vis the General Finance and make recommendations thereon. 1997. Departmentally Related Standing Committees . Rajya Sabha. Since 1971 the Railway Convention Committees have been taking up subjects for examination and report which have a bearing on the working of Railways. Besides. status and dignity in all matters.

Committee on Human Resource Development 4. Committee on Agriculture 8. Civil Supplies and Public Distribution 14. Committee on External Affairs 12. Committee on Home Affairs 3. Committee on Finance 13. These Committees cover under their jurisdiction all the Ministries/ Departments of the Government of India. Committee on Industry 5.A full-fledged system of 17 Departmentally Related Standing Committees came into being in April. Committee on Science & Technology. Committee on Food. Committee on Labour and Welfare . Committee on Defence 10. Committee on Energy 11. 1993. Culture and Tourism 7. Environment & Forests 6. These Committees are as under : Name of the Committee 1. Committee on Information Technology 9. Committee on Transport. Committee on Commerce 2.

No. A Minister is not eligible to be nominated to these Committees. Lok Sabha. (d) Consideration of national basic long term policy documents presented to the House and referred to the Committee by the Chairman. Committee on Urban and Rural Development Out of the 17 Committees.15. No. Rajya Sabha or the Speaker. Rajya Sabha or the Speaker. Rajya Sabha from amongst the members of Rajya Sabha. the functions of these committees are: (a) Consideration of Demands for Grants. Committee on Petroleum & Chemicals 16. as the case may be. The term of members of these Committees is one year. Committee on Railways 17. 7 to 17) by the Lok Sabha Secretariat. policies and the philosophies guiding the working of the Executive. With the emphasis of their functioning to concentrate on long-term plans. Lok Sabha as the case may be. these Committees will be in a very . (c) Consideration of Annual Reports. These Committees do not consider matters of day-to-day administration of the concerned Ministries/Departments. Each of these Standing Committees consists of not more than 45 members²30 to be nominated by the Speaker from amongst the members of Lok Sabha and 15 to be nominated by the Chairman. 1 to 6) are serviced by the Rajya Sabha Secretariat and 11 Committees (Sl. 6 Committees (Sl. (b) Examination of Bills referred to by the Chairman. The newly constituted departmentally related Standing Committee System is a pathbreaking endeavour of the Parliamentary surveillance over administration. With reference to the Ministries/Departments under their purview.

guidance and inputs for broad policy formulations and in achievement of the long-term national perspective by the Executive. .privileged position to provide necessary direction.

Estimates Committee Committee on Empowerment of Women Committee on Welfare of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes Public Accounts Committee Public Undertakings Committee Railway Convention Committee ESTIMATES COMMITTEE Constitution The Estimates Committee. elected every year by the Lok Sabha from amongst its Members. constituted for the first time in 1950. Term of Office The term of office of the Committee is one year. Names of all previous Chairmen of Estimates Committee are given on pages 4-5. The Chairman of the Committee is appointed by the Speaker from amongst its members. . efficiency or administrative reform. [For composition of the Committee 2003-2004 see pages 3-4]. improvements in organisation. is appointed a Minister. consistent with the policy underlying the estimates may be effected. A Minister cannot be elected as a member of the Committee and if a member after his election to the Committee. he ceases to be a member of the Committee from the date of such appointment. Functions The functions of the Estimates Committee are: (a) to report what economies. is a Parliamentary Committee consisting of 30 Members.

The Committee also examines matters of special interest which may arise or come to light in the course of its work or which are specifically referred to it by the House or the Speaker. The Committee calls for preliminary material from the Ministry/Department. statutory and other Government bodies in regard to the subjects selected for examination and also memoranda from non-officials connected with the subjects for the use of the Members of the Committee. If it appears to the Committee that it is necessary for the purpose of its examination that an on-the-spot study should be made. to be visited are called for in advance from the concerned Ministries/Departments etc. When the Committee/Sub-Committee/Study Group is on study tour only informal sittings are held at the place of visit. with the approval of the Speaker decide to undertake tours to make a study of any particular matter. etc. from time to time. the Committee selects such of the estimates pertaining to a Ministry/Department of the Central Government or such of the statutory and other bodies of the Central Government as may seem fit to the Committee. The Members while on tour may also meet the representatives of chambers of commerce and other nonofficial trade organisations and bodies which are concerned with the subjects under examination of the Committee. nonofficial organisations. are treated as confidential . Notes relating to the institutions/offices etc. appoints one or more Sub-Committees/Study Groups for carrying out detailed examination of various subjects. The Committee.(b) to suggest alternative policies in order to bring about efficiency and economy in administration. either as a whole Committee or by dividing itself into Study Groups. (c) to examine whether the money is well laid out within the limits of the policy implied in the estimates. and (d) to suggest the form in which the estimates shall be presented to Parliament. The Committee have also decided to finalise draft reports on the subjects on which evidence have been concluded by the previous Committee indicated on page 7. project or establishment. At such sitting neither evidence is recorded nor any decisions are taken. The Committee does not exercise its functions in relation to such Public Undertakings as are allotted to the Committee on Public Undertakings by the Rules of Procedure of Lok Sabha or by the Speaker. for an informal discussion. A list of subjects selected by the Committee for examination during 2003-2004 is given on pages 5-7. All discussions held by the Committee with the representatives of the Ministries/ Departments. the Committee may. Working Soon after it is constituted. and circulated to the Members of the Committee/SubCommittee/Study Group.

Out of these 480 are the Original Reports and 442 are Reports on Action Taken by the Government on earlier Reports of the Committee. Shri Sudip Bandyopadhyay 7. Prof. New Delhi. Prof. Shri G.M. Shri Lal Muni Chaubey 9. Achievements Since its inception in April.P.and no one having access to the discussions directly or indirectly. memoranda received from non-officials and information collected from the Ministry/Department concerned and other sources. Ummareddy Venkateswarlu ² Chairman 2. The replies of the Government are examined by the Committee and an Action Taken Report is presented to the House. Later in the light of informal discussions during Study Tours. the Committee has presented 922 Reports covering almost all the Ministries/ Departments of the Government of India. The replies to the recommendations contained in the Action Taken Reports are laid on the Table of Lok Sabha in the form of Statements. S. 1950. non-official and official witnesses are invited to give evidence at formal sittings of the Estimates Committee held in Parliament House/Parliament House Annexe. Shri S. Bangarappa 8. Shri Ramchander Bainda 5. Banatwalla 6. The observations/recommendations of the Committee are embodied in its Reports which are presented to Lok Sabha. After a Report has been presented to the House the Ministry or Department concerned is required to take action on the recommendations and conclusions contained in the Report within a period of six months. should communicate to the Press or any unauthorised person any information about matters taken up during the discussions. Composition of Estimates Committee (2003-2004) 1. Shri Raashid Alvi 3. Shri Dalit Ezhilmalai . Singh Baghel 4.

Raghuvansh Prasad Singh 28. Shri Sanat Kumar Mandal 18. Smt. Shri Dileep Sanghani 25. Rasa Singh Rawat 23. Krishnadas 14. Shri C. Shri Shyam Bihari Mishra 22. Shri Maheshwar Singh 27.10. Shri Shankersinh Vaghela Names of Previous Chairmen of Estimates Committee (1950-2004) . Kuppuswami 15. Ganga Reddy 24. Shri Lal Bihari Tiwari 30. Shri Rampal Singh 29.R. Shri Shivaji Mane 19. Prof. Shri Shriprakash Jaiswal 13. Kunwar Akhilesh Singh 26. Shri Samik Lahiri 17. Shri P. Shri Shankar Prasad Jaiswal 12. Shri G. Dr. Shri Manjay Lal 20. Kyndiah 16. Sheela Gautam 11.N. Shri N. Shri Ram Nagina Mishra 21.

Dr. Shri Balwantray Gopalji Mehta (1954-55 to1958-59) 3. Shri M. Shri Satyendra Narayan Sinha (August. Dasappa (1959-60 to 1962-63) 4. 1979) 12. Ananthasayanam Ayyangar (1950-51 to 1953-54) 2. Venkatasubbaiah (1967-68 to 1968-69) 6.B.K. Shri P. Shri Bhagwat Jha Azad (1976-77) 10.C. Sinha (1974-75 to 1975-76) 9. Pattabhi Rama Rao .C.1. Shri M.P. Shri S. Guha (1963-64 to 1966-67) 5. Shri H. Thirumala Rao (1969-70 to 1970-71) 7. Baldev Prakash (May. Shri R. 1979 to August. 1979) 11. Shri Kamal Nath Tewari (1971-72 to 1973-74) 8. Shri A. 1977 to April.

Sidnal (1995-96) 21. Krupasindhu Bhoi (1993-94 to 1994-95) 20. Shri Chintamani Panigrahi (1985-86) 15.B. Chandra Tripathi (1987-88) 16. Shri S. Smt. Shri Madhukar Sirpotdar (1998-99) 23. Shri Manoranjan Bhakta (1991-92 to 1992-93) 19. Dr. Shri Rupchand Pal (1996-97 to 1997-98 {December 1997}) 22. Prof.(1980-81 to 1981-82) 13. Shri Bansi Lal (1982-83 to 1984-85) 14. Ummareddy Venkateswarlu [2000-2003-2004 (February 2004)] . Shri Ashutosh Law (1988-89) 17. Shri Jaswant Singh (1990-91) 18.

Subjects selected for Examination by Estimates Committee during 2003-2004 MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE (Department of Agriculture and Cooperation) (1) NAFED (2) National Cooperative Development Corporation (NCDC) CABINET SECRETARIAT (3) Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) MINISTRY OF COAL AND MINES (i) (Department of Coal) (ii) (Department of Mines) (4) Safety Measures in Mines MINISTRY OF COMMERCE AND INDUSTRY (Department of Commerce) (5) Export of species. coffee. rubber and tea MINISTRY OF COMMUNICATIONS AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY (Department of Telecommunications) (6) Productivity Improvement in Urban and Rural Telephony (7) Telecommunication Services in Urban and Rural Areas MINISTRY OF DEFENCE (Department of Defence) (8) Coast Guard Organisation MINISTRY OF ENVIRONMENT AND FORESTS (9) Environmental Pollution .

Pricing and Disposal of Confiscated Goods MINISTRY OF FOOD PROCESSING INDUSTRIES (19) Food Processing Industries MINISTRY OF HEALTH AND FAMILY WELFARE (Department of Health) (20) Medical Council of India (21) Central Government Health Scheme (CGHS) MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS (22) Modernisation of Police and Para Military Forces . (17) Simplification of Customs and Excise procedures (18) Customs Godowns²Storage.MINISTRY OF FINANCE (i) (Department of Economic Affairs²Banking Division) (10) Public Sector Banks ² Non-Performing Assets (11) Role of National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD) in Rural Development (12) Priority Sector Lending (13) Sponsoring of RRBs by the Nationalised Banks and preserving rural character of RRBs (14) Implementation of Centrally Sponsored Schemes under the Ministry of Rural Development (ii) (Department of Revenue) (15) Recovery of Arrears²Central Excise. Customs and Income Tax (16) Import Duty on Power Generation Equipments including those for NonConventional Energy Sources. Accounting.

(23) New Delhi Municipal Committee (NDMC) MINISTRY OF HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT (Department of Secondary Education and Higher Education) (24) Central Universities (25) All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) MINISTRY OF INFORMATION AND BROADCASTING (26) Central Board of Film Certification (27) Quality and Accessibility of Doordarshan Programmes in Remote Areas MINISTRY OF LABOUR (28) Welfare Schemes for Labour (29) Employees Provident Fund Organisation (EPFO) MINISTRY OF NON-CONVENTIONAL ENERGY SOURCES (30) Non-Conventional Sources of Energy MINISTRY OF POWER (31) Power Generation MINISTRY OF RAILWAYS (Railway Board) (32) Safety and Security in Railways MINISTRY OF RURAL DEVELOPMENT (Department of Rural Development) (33) CAPART (34) Implementation of Centrally Sponsored Schemes under the Ministry of Rural Development MINISTRY OF SHIPPING .

Weaker and Physically Handicapped Sections MINISTRY OF TOURISM AND CULTURE (Department of Culture) (37) Archaeological Survey of India Subjects on which evidence have already been concluded by the previous Committee 1.(35) Congestion in Ports MINISTRY OF SOCIAL JUSTICE AND EMPOWERMENT (36) Social Welfare Schemes for Women. Public Sector Banks²Non-Performing Assets .

1996. Rajya Sabha from amongst the Members of the Rajya Sabha. To report on the working of the welfare programmes for the women. status and dignity in all matters. To consider the reports submitted by the National Commission for Women and to report on the measures that should be taken by the Union Government for improving the status/conditions of women in respect of matters within the purview of the Union Government including the Administration of the Union Territories. two identical resolutions for constituting a Standing Committee of both the Houses for improving the status of women were moved in the Rajya Sabha and the Lok Sabha respectively. In pursuance of the aforesaid resolution. To examine the measures taken by the Union Government to secure for women equality. 3. the Committee on Empowerment of Women was constituted on 29th April. The Chairman of the Committee is appointed by the Speaker from amongst its Members. Functions The functions of the Committee on Empowerment of Women are : 1. Term of Office The term of the Committee does not exceed one year. the matter was considered by the Rules Committee (Eleventh Lok Sabha). 4. 2. To examine the measures taken by the Union Government for comprehensive education and adequate representation of women in Legislative bodies/services and other fields.COMMITTEE ON EMPOWERMENT OF WOMEN On the occasion of International Women¶s Day on 8th March. The Committee consists of 30 Members of whom 20 are nominated by the Speaker from amongst the Members of Lok Sabha and 10 are nominated by the Chairman. 1997. The Rules Committee in their Second Report laid on the Table of the House on 6th March. he ceases to be a Member of the Committee from the date of such appointment. Accordingly. . A Minister cannot be nominated a Member of the Committee and if a Member after his nomination to the Committee is appointed a Minister. 1997 recommended that a Committee for the purpose may be constituted.

Sixth Report on µEducation Programmes for Women¶ 6. and 6. tour impressions and oral evidence. Working During the Thirteenth Lok Sabha. Third Report on µWomen in Detention¶ 3. To examine such other matters as may seem fit to the Committee or are specifically referred to it by the Lok Sabha or the Speaker and the Rajya Sabha or the Chairman. Second Report on µFunctioning of National and State Commissions for Women¶ 2. the Committee had selected the following subjects relating to the women issues for detailed examination and report:² (i) Functioning of National and State Commissions for Women (ii) Women in Detention (iii) Health and Family Welfare Programmes for Women (iv) Functioning of Family Courts (v) Education Programmes for Women (vi) Training Programmes for Women (vii) Training and Empowerment of Women in Local Bodies (viii) Violence against Women during Riots (ix) Economic Empowerment of Women Based on preliminary materials. Seventh Report on µTraining Programmes for Women¶ . Rajya Sabha. the Commitee finalised and presented the following Nine Original Reports to the Parliament.5. Fifth Report on µFunctioning of Family Courts¶ 5. Original Reports 1. Fourth Report on µHealth and Family Welfare Programmes for Women¶ 4. To report on the action taken by the Union Government and Administration of the Union Territories on the measures proposed by the Committee.

Seventeenth Report of the Committee on Action Taken by the government on the Ninth Report on the subject µViolence against Women during Riots¶ Composition of the Committee on Empowerment of Women (2003-04) CHAIRPERSON Smt. Margaret Alva MEMBERS . Sixteenth Report of the Committee on Action Taken by the government on the Eighth Report on the subject µTraining and Empowerment of Women in Local Bodies¶ 9. Fifteenth Report of the Committee on Action Taken by the government on the Seventh Report on the subject µTraining Programmes for Women¶ 8. Eleventh Report of the Committee on Action Taken by the government on the Third Report on the subject µWomen in Detention¶ 4. Tenth Report of the Committee on Action Taken by the government on the Second Report on the subject 'Functioning of National and State Commissions for Women¶ 3. Twelfth Report of the Committee on Action Taken by the government on the Fifth Report on the subject µFunctioning of Family Courts¶ 5. Thirteenth Report of the Committee on Action Taken by the government on the Fourth Report on the subject µHealth and Family Welfare Programmes for Women¶ 6. the Committee finalised the Nine Action Taken Reports on the following subjects :² Action Taken Reports 1. Fourteenth Report of the Committee on Action Taken by the government on the Sixth Report on the subject µEducation Programmes for Women¶ 7. Ninth Report on µViolence against Women during Riots¶ 9. First Report of the Committee on Action Taken by the government on the Report on the subject µDevelopment Schemes for Rural Women¶ 2. Eighteenth Report on µFunctioning of Self Help Groups for Economic Empowerment of Women¶.7.Based on the action taken replies furnished by the concerned Ministries/Departments on the recommendations contained in their Original Reports. Eighth Report on µTraining and Empowerment of Women in Local Bodies.¶ 8.

Smt. Thakkar 19. Smt. Santosh Chowdhary 6. Ponnuswamy 13. Dr. Jayashree Banerjee 4. Sushila Saroj 15. Shri Bali Ram Kashyap 10. Saroj Dubey . Ms. Dr.) V. (Smt. Shyama Singh 18. Shri Bishnu Pada Ray 14. (Mrs. Smt. VACANT Rajya Sabha 21. Smt. Dr.) Anita Arya 3. Abha Mahto 11. Ashok Patel 12. Dr. Smt. Pramila Bohidar 22. Minati Sen 17. Krishna Bose 5. Adv. Dr. (Smt.Lok Sabha 2. Smt. Smt. Suresh Ramrao Jadhav (Patil) 9. (Smt. Smt.) Beatrix D¶Souza 8. Saroja 16. Jayaben B. Smt. Smt.) Rajeswaramma Vukkala *20. Shri E. Renuka Chowdhury 7.

23. Smt. Vanga Geetha 24. Smt. S.G. Indira 25. Smt. Sumitra Mahajan 26. Smt. Chandra Kala Pandey 27. Smt. Bimba Raikar 28. Miss Mabel Rebello 29. Smt. Savita Sharda 30. Smt. Maya Singh

* The vacancy occurred due to the demise of Sh. Bhan Singh Bhaura on 3.1.2004.

When the Committee or its Study Group is on study tour, only informal discussions are held at the places of visit. During such discussions no formal evidence is recorded nor any decision taken. Later, in the light of these informal discussions and the memoranda and other information received, official and, where considered necessary, non-official witnesses are invited to tender evidence at formal sittings of the Committee held in Parliament House or Parliament House Annexe, New Delhi. The procedure for examination of the official/non-official witnesses, as laid down by the Committee, is as follows:² (i) The programme for taking the evidence of the officials and non-officials on various subjects under examination by the Committee is drawn up and the witnesses are invited to appear before the Committee on the appointed dates to tender evidence. As a rule, examination of non-officials precedes that of the officials on the subjects concerned. (ii) The purpose in examining the witnesses is to obtain information on (a) the working of the organisations, and (b) subjects concerned which are examined by the Committee. If it is necessary to enquire into certain deals regarding the personnel employed by the Ministry, Public Undertaking/Nationalised Bank, Statutory or Government organisation concerned, the questions should not, as far as possible, name particular individuals. (iii) In the case of the Official witnesses generally the Secretary of the Ministry is the principal spokesman. The Chairman or the Convener first welcomes the principal spokesman and then asks him to introduce his colleagues to the Committee. (iv) The Chairman or the Convener then asks questions one by one. (v) After the Chairman or the Convener has put his question, he gives a chance to other members who desire to ask questions for clarification or elucidation of the point under discussion. (d) to report on the working of the welfare programmes for the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in the Union Territories; and (e) to examine such other matters as may deem fit to the Committee or are specifically referred to it by the House or the Speaker. This Committee, like other Parliamentary Committees has all the powers to call for the detailed information from the Ministries of the Government, Public Undertakings, Nationalised Banks and various organisations in respect of subjects taken up by the Committee for examination and to examine official and non-official witnesses. The Committee also takes the assistance of the National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in pursuing matters raised in its Reports in regard to the subjects under examination by the Committee.

Procedure of Work of the Committee
From time to time the Committee selects such subjects pertaining to the welfare of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes as may deem fit to the Committee. The Committee may also examine matters of special interest relating to the welfare of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes which may arise, or come to light in the course of its working or which may be specifically referred to it by the

House or by the Speaker. The Committee ask for preliminary material from the Ministry/ Department/Public Undertaking/ Nationalised Bank or other Statutory or Government Body connected with the subject matter under examination for use of the Members of the Committee. The Committee may, from time to time, appoint one or more Sub-Committees/Study Groups for carrying out detailed examination of various subjects. If it appears to the Committee that it is necessary for the purpose of its examination that an ³on-the-spot,´ study should be made, the Committee divides itself into Study Groups consisting of a few members to undertake tours to make a study of the problems of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes and the measures taken or being taken for the welfare of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, and prepare Study Reports.

COMMITTEE ON THE WELFARE OF SCHEDULED CASTES AND SCHEDULED TRIBES
Constitution and Functions
The Committee on the Welfare of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes consists of 30 Members²20 elected by Lok Sabha from amongst its Members in accordance with the System of proportional representation by means of single transferable vote and 10 nominated by Rajya Sabha from amongst its Members. The Chairman of the Committee is appointed by the Speaker from amongst the Members of the Committee. A Minister is not eligible for election to the Committee. If a Member after his election to the Committee is appointed a Minister he ceases to be a Member of the Committee from the date of such appointment. The term of the Committee does not exceed one year. The functions of the Committee on the Welfare of Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes are: (a) to consider the reports submitted by the *[National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes under article 338(5) of the Constitution] and to report as to the measures that should be taken by the Union Government in respect of matters within the purview of the Union Government including the Administration of the Union Territories; (b) to report on the action taken by the Union Government and the Administration of the Union Territories on the measures proposed by the Committee; (c) to examine the measures taken by the Union Government to secure due representation of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in services and posts under its control (including appointments in the Public Sector Undertakings, Nationalised Banks, Statutory and Semi-Government Bodies and in the Union Territories) having regard to the provisions of article 335;
* Commissioner for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes substituted as National Commission for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in Terms of the Constitution (Sixty-Fifth Amendment Act), 1990 which came into force from 12.3.1992.

The Committee may appoint one or more Sub-Committees/ Sub Groups to examine any particular matter. the Committee examines with reference to the facts of each case. non-official organisations. faithfulness and economy´.e. any information about matters taken up during the discussions. it has presented 1310 Reports till 5 February. Government take action on the recommendations of the Committee and submit action taken notes to the Committee. nugatory expenditure and financial irregularities. Working of the Committee The representatives of the Ministries appear before the Committee when examining the Accounts and Audit Reports relating to their Ministries. While scrutinising the Reports of the Comptroller and Auditor-General on Revenue Receipts. 1950. Reports presented by the Committee Since the Committee became a Parliamentary Committee under the control of the Speaker from 26th January. till the dissolution of the 13th Lok Sabha). He attends the sittings of the Committee and assists it in its deliberations. identifies the loopholes in the taxation laws and procedures and makes recommendations in order to check leakage of revenue. The Committee. The Committee proceeds by way of interrogation of witnesses. If any money has been spent on a service in excess of the amount granted by the House for the purpose. directly or indirectly is to communicate to the Press or any unauthorised person. with the representatives of the establishment. tax-evasion. (b) that the expenditure conforms to the authority which governs it. either in its entirety or by dividing itself into Study Groups decide to undertake tours to make an on-the-spot study of any project or establishment. All discussions held during tour by the Committee/Study Groups. the circumstances leading to such an excess and makes such recommendations as it may deem fit.the service or purpose to which they have been applied or charged. At the beginning of its term. The Comptroller and Auditor General is the ³friend. The Committee thus examines cases involving losses. and (c) that every re-appropriation has been made in accordance with the provisions made in this behalf under rules framed by competent authority. the Committee appoints a few Working Groups/Sub Committees to facilitate the examination of the various Accounts and Audit Reports and Sub-Committee to consider the action taken by the Government on the recommendations made by the Committee in its earlier Reports. One of the duties of the Committee is to ascertain that money granted by Parliament has been spent by Government within the scope of the demand. It considers the justification for spending more or less than the amount originally sanctioned. 2004 (i. the Committee examines various aspects of Government¶s tax administration. non-levy of duties. philosopher and guide´ of the Committee. If it appears to the Committee that it is necessary for the purpose of its examination that an onthespot study should be made. The functions of the Committee extend however. ³beyond. the Committee may.. Ministries/Departments. are treated as confidential and no one having access to the discussion. the formality of expenditure to its wisdom. misclassifications etc. thus examines cases involving under-assessments. Labour Unions etc. The Committee then present an Action Taken Report after .

Shri Kirit Somaiya RAJYA SABHA 16. Shri Bhartruhari Mahtab 8.H. Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee 1970-71 51. Murthi 10. W. Mukherjee 1975-76 56.N. Normally.considering the views of the Government. Mr. Shri Era Sezhiyan 1972-73 53.V.S.V. Shri P. Dr. Blackett 1923 4. Dr. Shri C. Sir Basil P. Shri E. Dr. Stephen 1977-78 58. Shri Haribhai Chaudhary 3. Composition of Public Accounts Committee (2003-2004) (at the time of dissolution of 13th Lok Sabha) Sardar Buta Singh ² Chairman LOK SABHA 2. Shri S. Venkataraman 1979-80 (w. Hailey 1921 2. Madan Prasad Jaiswal 6. Shri H. M. Rahman Khan 19. Ram Gopal Yadav List of Chairmen of the Public Accounts Committee of Parliament since Inception (1921²2004) Sl.R. Shri Raghunath Jha 7. Name Year 1. Shri E. The Government further submit an ³Action Taken Statement´ on the action taken by the Government on the ³Action Taken Report´ of the Committee.79) 60. Shri Bachani Lekhraj 20. Viduthalai Virumbi 22. Narasimha Rao 1978-79 59. Shri Jyotirmoy Basu 1974-75 55. Shri Sunil Maitra 1983-84 64. Blackett 1922 3. Shri Raghuraj Singh Shakya 14.O. Shri M. Blackett 1924 48. Nitish Sengupta 13.A. Dr. The Action Taken Statement is generally laid before the House without any further examination by the Committee. Pai 1979-80 (upto 30. 2.No. Shri Satish Agarwal 1982-83 63.f. Shri Satish Agarwal 1981-82 62. Shri Chandrajit Yadav 1980-81 61. Shri K. Shri Prasanta Chatterjee 18. Alladi P. Shri Mohan Rawale 12. Ayyapu Reddy 1985-86 66.79) Shri R. Sir Basil P.e. Shri Era Sezhiyan 1971-72 52. Dr.V. K.N. Rajkumar 21. Shri Priya Ranjan Dasmunsi 4. Shri Brij Bhushan Sharan Singh 15.7. Prof. Malaisamy 9.8. Shri Sunil Maitra 1984 65. Shri Santosh Bagrodia 17. Shri M. Shri Jyotirmoy Basu 1973-74 54. Farook 5. almost all the recommendations of the Committee are implemented by the Government. Shri T.M.M. Sir Basil P. Masani 1968-69 49. Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee 1969-70 50. Ayyapu Reddy 1986-87 . Shri H. Mukherjee 1976-77 57. Shri Rupchand Pal 11.

11. Kolandaivelu 1989 (upto 27. If a member after his election to the Committee is appointed a Minister. Murli Manohar Joshi 1996-97 77. With the coming into force of the Constitution of India on 26th January. Sardar Buta Singh 2003-2004 (upto 6. Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee 1992-93 73. and such other Accounts laid before Parliament as the Committee may deem fit such as accounts of autonomous and semi-autonomous bodies (except those of Public Undertakings and Government Companies which come under the purview of the Committee on Public Undertakings). Shri P. Murli Manohar Joshi 1997-98 78.2. Shri Amal Datta 1987-88 68. Functions of the Committee The Examination of the Appropriation Accounts relating to the .2002) 82.f. Shri Bhagwan Shankar Rawat 1994-95 75. Shri Narayan Datt Tiwari 2000-2001 81. Its Secretarial functions were transferred to the Parliament Secretariat (now Lok Sabha Secretariat). Dr. Constitution of the Committee The Committee consists of not more than 22 members comprising 15 members elected by Lok Sabha every year from amongst its members according to the principle of proportional representation by means of single transferable vote and not more than 7 members of Rajya Sabha elected by that House in like manner are associated with the Committee. 1950. PAC were appointed from members of the ruling Party. This practice has been continued since then. PUBLIC ACCOUNTS COMMITTEE The Committee on Public Accounts is constituted by Parliament each year for examination of accounts showing the appropriation of sums granted by Parliament for expenditure of Government of India. Shri Manoranjan Bhakta 1998-99 79. Shri Ram Naik 1995-96 76. the Finance-member was appointed as the Chairman of the Committee and its Secretarial functions were looked after by the Finance Department (later Ministry of Finance). Shri Narayan Datt Tiwari 1999-2000 80.2002 to 30. Dr.4. The Chairman is appointed by the Speaker from amongst its members of Lok Sabha. Shri Sontosh Mohan Dev 1990-91 71. Shri Narayan Datt Tiwari 2001-2002 (upto 1. for the first time.3. the Committee became a Parliamentary Committee under the control of Speaker. The Speaker. Janardhana Reddy 2001-2002 (w. he ceases to be a member of the Committee from the date of such appointment.3. the annual Finance Accounts of Government of India. Shri Bhagwan Shankar Rawat 1993-94 74. 15. appointed a member of the Opposition as the Chairman of the Committee for 1967-68.2004) Note: Till 1966-67 Chairmen. Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee 1991-92 72. Shri Amal Datta 1988-89 69.89) 70. Change in set-up From its inception in the year 1921 till early 1950. Sardar Buta Singh 2002-2003 83.2002) Shri N.67.e. A Minister is not eligible to be elected as a member of the Committee.

Blackett 1926 7. Gandhi 1955-56 36. Shri R. Sir Jeremy Raisman 1941 22. P. John Matthai 29. Sir Jeremy Raisman 1940 21. Shanmukham Chetty 28. Ranga 39. Sir Jeremy Raisman 1939 20. Sir James Grigg 1935 16. Shri R. Shri V. Shri T. Sir Jeremy Raisman 1943 24.K. Nixon 1937 18.E. Dr. Shri B.K. Lloyd 1933 14. Sir Basil P. Sir Alan Parsons 1932 13. Shanmukham Chetty 1948 Dr.B. Sir Basil P. Defence Services. Shri C. Masani 1967-68 Audit Paragraphs/Subjects Selected by Public Accounts Committee (2003-2004) for Detailed Examination during the Year 2003-2004 . Sir George Schuster 1931 12. Sir Cyril Jones 1944 25. Sir Bhupendra Nath Mitra 1928 9. P&T Department and other Civil Ministries of the Government of India and Reports of the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India thereon as also the Reports of the Comptroller and Auditor-General on Revenue Receipts mainly form the basis of the deliberation of the Committee. Sir Eric Coates 1946 Dr. Morarka 1964-65 45. Dr. Shri R.N. Shri M.C. Liaquat Ali Khan 1947 Shri R. John Matthai 1949 30. Shri B. Jones 1942 23. Subbarayan 1959-60 Shri Upendranath Barman 40. Sir James Grigg 1934 15.R. In scrutinising the Appropriation Accounts and the Reports of the Comptroller and Auditor-General thereon.R. Shri B. John Matthai Mr. Das 1951-52 32. Shri T. Shri Upendranath Barman 1960-61 41.R. Mr. Shri V. Morarka 1965-66 46. Shri B. Mr.R. applicable to 5. Shri B.Railways. Singh 1958-59 Prof.B. Sir James Grigg 1938 19. N. Liaquat Ali Khan 27. Das 1954-55 35. Das 1953-54 34. Morarka 1966-67 47. C. J.K. Singh 1957-58 38. Shri Mahavir Tyagi 1963-64 Shri R. Das 1952-53 33. it is the duty of the Committee to satisfy itself: (a) that the money shown in the accounts as having been disbursed were legally available for and. Khadilkar 44. Gandhi 1956-57 37.G. Blackett 1925 6. Sir Archibald Rowlands 1945 26.R. Shri Mahavir Tyagi 1962-63 43. Mr. Mr. A. Sir George Schuster 1929 10. Sir James Grigg 1936 17. Pattabhi Raman 1961-62 42. Sir Basil P. Sir George Schuster 1930 11. Shri R.N. Das 1950-51 31. Blackett 1927 8.H.

1 Excess disbursements over grants/appropriations Various Ministries/Departments 2. 1 of 2003 7.1 National Crime-Criminal Information System Ministry of Home Affairs 6. 8 of 2003 4.3 Unproductive expenditure due to defective Ministry of Railways planning 26. 2 of 2003 4.1 Premature stabling of WAG-6 Locomotives Ministry of Railways 27.2 Extra expenditure on procurement of Spheriodal Ministry of Railways Graphite Cast Iron (SGCI) inserts 30. 22. 8 of 2003 4.1 Functioning of Mail Motor Service Ministry of Communications and Information Technology (Department of Posts) 4.1 All India Council for Technical Education Ministry of Human Resource Development (Department of Secondary and Higher Education) 11. Department 12345 1. 8 of 2003 3. 9 of 2003 Chapter I Rehabilitation/Rebuilding/ Strengthening of Ministry of Railways Railway Bridges 31. 65 and 85) Ministry of External Affairs. 5 of 2003 2. 2 of 2003 7. 2 of 2003 12.3 Incorrect interpretation of commercial Ministry of Information and rates Broadcasting (Prasar Bharati) 13.SL. 4 of 2003 2. 4 of 2003 5. 4 of 2003 5. No.8 Misplaced concession Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (Prasar Bharati) 16.1 Technology transfer in Council of Ministry of Science and Technology Scientific and Industrial Research (Department of Scientific and Industrial Research) 18.1 Wasteful expenditure on manufacture of Ministry of Railways BOXNHA wagons 28.2 Unproductive expenditure on restoration of Ministry of Railways uneconomic Narrow Gauge (NG) lines 25. 3 of 2003 Chapter I National Scheme of Liberation and Rehabilitation Ministry of Social Justice and of Scavengers and their Dependents Empowerment 9. 1962 (Department of Revenue) .2 Infructuous expenditure on erection Ministry of Urban Development and of Ready Mixed Concrete Batching Plant Poverty Alleviation 7. 4 of 2003 5.2. Report Paragraph Subject Ministry/ No. 8 of 2003 3. 4 of 2003 5. 7 of 2003 8 Mismatch in procurement of bombs and components Ministry of Defence 22. 1 of 2003 Chapter 8 Review of selected grants (Grant Nos.2. 8 of 2003 4. 3 of 2003 Chapter II Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana Ministry of Rural Development 10. 8 of 2003 3. 4 of 2003 5.1 Injudicious sanction/execution of an unremunerative project Ministry of Railways 24. No. 6 of 2003 30 Defective manufacture of shells Ministry of Defence 21.1.6 Irregularities in hiring of Embassy residence and Ministry of External Affairs avoidable expenditure on rent 5. 2 of 2003 12.4 Undue benefit to a producer Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (Prasar Bharati) 14. 2 of 2003 3. 4 of 2003 6 Irregularities in disposal of seized assets Ministry of Labour (Employees Provident Fund Organisation) 17. 10 of 2003 Chapter 2 Non disposal/delay in disposal of Ministry of Finance seized confiscated and detained goods (Department of Revenue) 33. 8 of 2003 4.1 Unfruitful expenditure Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (Prasar Bharati) 12. 9 of 2003 Chapter 4 Gauge conversion of Mysore-Hassan Ministry of Railways section 32. 6 of 2003 9 Accumulation of stocks of Grenades Ministry of Defence 20.4.3 Idle investment on vacant shops and Ministry of Urban Development accumulation of arrears of license fee and Poverty Alleviation 8.3 Blocking up of capital due to injudicious award Ministry of Railways of contracts 29. 10 of 2003 Chapter 3 End use exemption notification Ministry of Finance issued U/S 25 (1) of Customs Act. Ministry of Rural Development and Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment 3. 7 of 2003 18 Avoidable additional expenditure on refit of a Naval Ship Ministry of Defence 23. 6 of 2003 2 Exploitation of Defence Lands Ministry of Defence 19.7 Non Collection of Fee and interest for the Ministry of Information and telecasting of the Tamil Serial µJanani¶ Broadcasting (Prasar Bharati) 15.

1 of Table No. 11 of 2003 Chapter 3 Review on Handling of Appeal Cases in Ministry of Finance the Central Excise Department (Department of Revenue) 39. (Department of Revenue) 35.9²M/s Asianet Communications (Pvt. Mumbai City III 12345 . 11 of 2003 6. No.1 Short levy due to incorrect classification Ministry of Finance of beddings.34. 12 of 2003 3. 1 (Department of Revenue) of Table No. No.20. mattresses etc. 11 of 2003 Chapter 2 Review on Valuation of excisable goods under Ministry of Finance section 4 A (Maximum Retail Price) (Department of Revenue) 38.3 Incorrect grant of refund of NCCD in Ministry of Finance North Eastern States (Department of Revenue) 37.12. 12 of 2003 3. 10 of 2003 4.2 Loss of revenue due to in-ordinate Ministry of Finance delay in amendment in Tariff (Department of Revenue) 36. Tamil Nadu-I Chennai 40. 3. 11 of 2003 6. 3.22² (Department of Revenue) M/s Hindustan Lever Ltd.4 Incorrect allowance of deduction in respect of Ministry of Finance export profits-S.4 Incorrect allowance of deduction in respect of payment Ministry of Finance made outside India for acquiring knowhow S.) Ltd.