Wind Over Water draft | Fishing Rod | Rainbow Trout


if i were to gamble to accept nothing or the cosmic Tao in the end rather than one of the vapor planets or Svetavipa that Krishna might grant the entire universe

caught waves at low tide at the inlet right to the shoreline the great awakening was paddling out to catch a wave at the pier at sunset we might do all sorts of far out things catching waves we still walk off drenched or shivering a dhoti might look like a paint smock once we out of the water what planet was i on? surfing out of a crest the sun rising over the horizon

what happens to a drop of water when it hits the ocean? it becomes a part of the ocean the same as we become one with the absolute

Part One Wind Over Water
Frozen Winter The rink had its own architectural plan. The roof was slanted. The main beams for the roof were massive wooden planks. The wood had aged from the cold humid atmosphere of the rink. The aura of the rink was like Ontario. Upstate New York right on the Canadien border. The level of competition right up there among the best in the region. The practices were intense. The coaching staff tested our skating skills first. Being quick was a big factor in drills. 4 mile jogs in the morning before each practice. Our coaches wanted us going as fast as we could all of the time on the ice. We approached each practice like a game. Developing good puck handing and learning to work together as a team was next. We split off into lines as forwards or defensemen. In drills our coach asked the wingers to practice as defensemen or had defensemen lining up as wingers or even taking face offs. In the morning the rink had fog hovering throughout the air. The condensation made it tough to see through the plexiglass. The ice felt good under our feet, it was perfect. In practice we worked until we thought we were going to fall over. After practice we got to practice our shooting. I tried out as a walk on. Coach Roll recruited the three leading goal scorers in the Metro League all members of the New York Junior Apple Core team in Long Island. After practicing in Oswego I got into Junior B games, the Baltimore Bandits had a spot open. For most of the season I practiced or scrimaged in Lancaster or got in Central Penn Panthers games. That winter the Boston Breakers coach invited me to go to Ontario for games against the Canadien Junior A teams. I left Philadelphia on the train to Boston. Traveling is great, I got in games against teams in Long Island, New England, Quebec, also in games against the Czech Republic, Sweden, got to practice against one of the Soviet teams and so on. The last season in the Metro League on the Junior B Rangers.

Foothills The bus stopped in Orlando so north bound travelers could get on the next bus. After that we changed over in Savanna Georgia. It went north to Washington DC. I hopped on a bus to Baltimore from there. I found a cool Tibetian Book Store. It was March, it was cold. I bought japa or mala beads. The next morning I got on a bus to Pittsburg. I ended up traveling through the northern cooler climate states. Pittsburg was cold that morning. The next bus stopped in Indianapolis. It arrived at night. There was a low fog. The next morning we arrived in Missouri. The terrain changed after leaving the Great Lakes region. Missouri has low foothills. The Great Plains are desolate, more so than the desert. It is so flat, plus it is so far from the ocean. I bought the local newspaper in most of the cities we stopped in. As the bus went crusing through Colorado there was an all out blizzard. Colorado has almost the exact terrain as Utah, except it has its own look. The last bus for Arose left Los Angelos as the sun was coming up. I noticed the orange groves on both sides of the road. Acres of rows of grapevines. The so called Hare Krishnas who picked me up seemed alright. As far as I knew there was a temple out there in the wild. The roads were all gravel. The roads meander up big foothills in the most secluded region in the Sierra Nevadas. The aparant devotees turned out to be something else. There was no temple out there nor was there a farm like I was told. There were all sorts of abondoned cars something wasnt right. I got into an altercation over the question of me going back to Arose. The altercation turned into a fight. Although I won the fight, I had to run into the wilderness to avoid being shot. I leaped down a bank as someone shot at me twice with a 30-30 rifle. Below me was a stream. I ended up barefoot since I was wearing flip flops that were of no use to me. I followed the stream at first figuring it went somewhere. I climbed up a small foothill. At the time I thought it was best to move on out of sight,and to calm down. I rested on the ridge, then lined up on two mountain peaks out in the distance. One to the northwest of me the other was almost right in line of where the sun was setting on the horizon. One of the reasons for going out there was to go climbing. It just turned into the wrong

scenerio. I came up on all sorts of wild game walking. The night that happened I saw a fox that ran through a meadow then stopped. Once he stopped I knew no one else was near me. It was a gibbous moon so I had good enough light to hike or climb at night. The ledge that I slept next to that night is just a vauge image to me now. At the time I did not realize how far of a fall it was from there. It was no gradual fall, it was steep. As the sun came up that morning the crows started making noise. There was a fog rising up slow, then when it got bright I realized the treeroots below me that I was clowning around on was right on the edge of a straight drop. I climbed eight mountains to get to a ranch where there was someone to ask for help. I know two of them were over 5000 feet, one must have been 7000 feet. The others were 2000 to 3000 feet in elevation. The rancher called the police to file a report. The cops said I was almost 54 miles from where I had been shot at. Believe me the these cops were there. The troopers cuffed the man who shot at me in the middle of the night, put him in the back of the car, then deliberated about what to do. The men told me to "chill out, we are going to resolve this." There were two travelbags and a backpack the police recovered for me. The marijuana buds in those books were nothing to be worried about in this case. The cops gave me a break on the pot. The seargent in charge instructed another cop to let the man go. The state police took me back to the barracks, gave me some coffee, told me to go back to Florida, then let me go. The bus ride back went through Tucson, Arizona then El Paso, Texas. The bus went through Tallahassee, then back to Miami.

Cold Water Springs The Susquehanna Rick made a long cast into the main river current. Rick had gotten out of the boat then waded onto the shallows where there was vegetation full of minnows in the warmer surface column amist the late spring sunshine. Rick jigged up a big smallmouth on his ultra light rod. He hailed the boat as he fought the fish to get the attention of Jim and Patrick. Rick had a competitive nature that made him want to catch the most. RICK "someone work this edge with me" Rick landed his smallie JIM "good going Ritchie, keep it up man" Patrick looked through his lures getting out mepps spinners for casting in the shallows. Jim waded over to the current edge where Rick was. Rick was standing on a shallow outcropping. The outcropping was a river flat of small stones. On the edge it got deeper so the current was racing more than it was in the shallows. The shallows were on the downriver side of a big island several miles north of the Bloomsburg bridge. Patrick went to the eastern side of the island to make some casts in the race between the two adjacent islands. Patrick sighted several small largemouth that were taking shots at his spinner. A smallmouth came striking after his lure in sight. The hooked fish came right out of the water, then turned into the current. The fish leaped again. Patrick kept his rod light as the bass jumped then began to wind fast pulling the bass across the surface easing the fish right into his hand. He raised the smallie in the bright afternoon sun shouting, "I caught one." After a quick release Patrick went back to casting. Again Pat set the hook on a smallie on his spinner. The bass went into the race then was taking line jumping in intervals farther

downriver each time. The bass then went deep using the current. Patrick worked the fish up a little at a time lifting then winding tight until the smallie was tired. Pat walked to the edge of the island catching his fish. Pat measured the smallmouth quick then let it go. A great fish of over 20 inches. Jim worked the current off of the shallows where Rick caught his two fish. His lure selection was a small chartreuse spinner bait. He cast 45 degrees up current letting the lure sink then used an alternating retrieve winding fast then slow. His first strike was where the edge of the backwater met the current just below the river flat. JIM "man these fish sure fight good in the current" RICK "sure got that right" JIM "check out these minnows" RICK "far out, cool" JIM "the fish must be right on the edge of the shallows chasing them" RICK "for sure" A rock shoal is similar to a sandbar. Some rock shoals are the result of springs. Cold water in the shallow spots is something an angler can look for to find a spring. Using the same technique Jim hooked another smallmouth. JIM "this is a bigger fish" Wading downriver, Jim gained a little bit at a time. He was almost waist deep wading when he caught the fish. Rick was upstream. After landing his fish Jim began treking to the boat. The air got colder as the sun was setting. PAT "primo, we all caught fish" JIM "mine were on a chartreuse spinner bait, man were the fish aggressive"

PAT "this mepps #2 spinner caught me two" RICK "the ones I caught were on eighth once jigs, one was on a powershad, the other was on a twister tail power grub" PAT "lets fish the channel for awhile" RICK "sounds good to me" JIM "jig slow the water is cold" RICK "man is it getting cold" PAT "there is a fish" JIM "what is it?" PAT "the fish was along the bank over there towards the island" The channel that flows between the islands is deep. It is narrow making the water flowing through it fast. Rick cast his silver powershad. PAT "a walleye" JIM "awesome" RICK "there is one" JIM "alright, good going, the fish must be on the move?" RICK "well it is colder plus it is almost dark now" JIM "need a net on that fish Pat?" PAT "yeah" JIM "one in the boat, good going Junior" RICK "Jim there is mine, quick get a net on it"

PAT "look the fish are all in the same size range" RICK "what a cool fish, distinct spot on the tail, look at the eye glowing, awesome" The fish caught were all over 15 inches. Jim started casting a jig. RICK "look at the pintails" JIM "cool" JIM got the next strike. JIM "alright!" After Jim landed his fish it had almost gotten dark. RICK "well we all caught fish" JIM "great trip" The sun set over the horizon on the back to the boat ramp. It was a little cold except it was a real nice night.

Natives Scotch Run Patrick had a small ultra light spinning rod with a micro shimano reel. Whenever fishing a trout stream he used 2 lb. test. When wading he wore a vest to keep his hooks, jigs or spinners. On one spring morning on Scotch Run he worked a small area of the creek from a boulder on the bank at the base of a hill. In that spot there is a current race that flows into deeper water turning back into rapids a little farther downstream. At the base of the boulder is a backwater. At first he drifted a meal worm on a #4 hook. The fish were right on the edge of where the race met the backwater. He caught several brookies that were 10 or 11 inches making the same natural drift. The trout were holding in the same place on the edge of the race. He landed a small rainbow in the same size range as the brook trout catching five fish drift after drift. He freelined the fish for a second or two before hooking up. The fast current made landing the fish more challenging. Pat saw this as a good chance to land fish on an artificial. He had small white foxee-jigs. He made his cast into the same part of the current race jigging as his lure drifted downstream. It worked on the first cast. An aggressive brookie darted up out of the rapids into the backwater to strike. Pat had the drag set on real light pressure at first until he could work them into the backwater at the base of the big boulder he was standing on. He landed on more rainbow on the foxee-jig after several casts. The rainbow was in the rapids downstream of the deeper water. Rainbow trout hold in fast water. Pat caught one more small brook trout after that making it eight fish in that one part of the stream. Patrick noticed his father walking over. He said he caught three rainbows above there wading in slow moving shallow water.

JIM "man this is a great looking spot, I caught three rainbows wading upstream of here, I let them go" PAT "I caught two rainbows, I caught eight fish right on the edge of this race, most of them were brookies, I released all of them" JIM "good going man, what a great morning" PAT "I thought about walking farther upstream to see if I can find natives" JIM "how far?" PAT "farther than I ever went before" JIM "alright man, go exploring" Pat climbed up to the top of the hill above where he was fishing until he got as high as he could go. He hiked over a mile walking along the ridge until he came to the edge overlooking the creek. In his sight was a bend in the creek that looked good. The creek meandered through the mountains. The get to the part of the creek that he wanted to fish Pat had to climb down the rock ledges below. Pat fished below the bend in the creek he noticed first. It was fast water flowing through small boulders. He waded upstream as he worked the current with his foxee-jig. When he got to the narrow bend he found a shallow outcropping to cast from. The current cut into the bank forming a deep edge. Pat was almost nervous as he drifted his jig along the deep bend anticipating a fish. After several casts he hooked a fish. To his amazement it was the native brook trout he was looking for. He measured it before he let it go. The fish was 14 inches, big for a native. Pat kept on casting. He landed two more natives before walking back to find his father. Jim was casting in the shallower water where he caught the rainbows earlier in the morning. JIM "I walked about a ½ mile downstream, I caught two brookies casting a small spinner"

PAT "I found natives, I caught three over a mile upstream" JIM "awesome man, lets call it a morning"

saltwater footnotes At lobster walk the dock looked like an aquaculture farm as a result of Dave Curls who became a commercial diver collecting tropical fish. There were lookdowns, lobsters, sea urchins, hermit crabs, angelfish, rock beauties, clownfish, mangrove snapper, small lemon sharks, bonnetheads and so on... One evening using ultra light rods and bright micro jigs we filled our live wells full of lookdowns for the outdoor tanks. Dave is as skilled as an amphibian in the water. Sometimes we went with Hawaiian slings. One of our best adventures was to a series of rock caverns on the ocean floor in the Gulf where we ended up scoring big on lobsters. One evening I went out to one of the mangrove islands in Matecumbe Harbor with Cain and Victor in a small Carolina skiff. We crushed the mangrove snapper. There were pilchards all over. Most of the diving we did for lobster was legit. One evening Vic told me and Cain to raid a trap line on the outside edge of Long Key Bight. We broke open 20 traps filling the skiff full of large lobster. One time in a cut in a flat where redfish were mudding in chaos I landed two reds, one about eight lbs. another one about four or so, releasing the fish. I just kept jigging. I had a millies bucktail tipped with a live shrimp. At Oyster Bank on the edge of the Gulf we saw two small tarpon tailing along. I made a cast then hooked up. The permit took off like a bullet. It made a big first run. After I got line back on the fish it made another run. We went after it with the engine running. Again the fish

ran. It was a 20 lb. permit. At the time there were Oceanic White Tips as well as medium sized Tiger Sharks fining on the bank. We landed an eight foot Tiger Shark that we estimated at 250 lbs in the same area on another trip. There is a hidden lake adjacent to Madeira Bay. There is a narrow cut that leads to it. When we discovered it I began casting a buck tail tipped with a chartreuse split tail grub. I got snagged on a mangrove root, to our disbelief a snook came out of the cut to take the jig off of the mangrove root. We landed the fish, then released it, the fish was 30 some odd inches. One time poling the eastern shoreline of Madeira Bay looking for redfish muds. We came up on a sawfish up real shallow on the flat. For a shot in the dark I cast the buck tail I had on a light tackle rod at the sawfish never expecting it to even give a look at all. For some reason the sawfish went right after the jig, taking in an instant. The freakin thing ran then looked like a sailfish making all sorts of far out jumps. The sawfish was real erratic as it ran. The fact that it got up in the air several times was something else. Even though we had it on real light tackle we landed it. For a sawfish it was small, 5 ½ feet. We caught it on 10 lb. test with about a 4 foot 20 lb. test leader. I went on three trips to Cay Sal Bank. The first was in a 22 foot Mako with Bro. It was flat calm. We had to fill a 40 gallon drum full of gas for extra fuel. On the run over we spotted a mix of Yellowfins and Skipjacks. When we ran up on the tuna we saw three giant Whale Sharks. What an amazing sight! We got to Elbow Key alright. Our focus was on grouper. We caught several scamp as well as a number of rock hinds. It was great to see the rock islands and the old lighthouse on Elbow Key. We had no trolling gear on us or we would have taken on the Yellowfins. Even before we left to return back to Islamorada we found a fuel drum that had several big slammer dolphin on it. Bro said it was getting dark so we had no time to catch those fish. On the trip back the seas were made up of the most subtle flat calm swells I ever noticed. It was a tranquil night. We arrived back in Lower Matecumbe in the dark. Some of the hardest work I ever did was on lobster boats for traps in. I worked for Ken Teeple and for Bill Greenwall out of Lower Matecumbe. We set traps in the harbor, the Gulf, and also Oceanside. One of the mates was from Columbia, several were from Cuba. I learned about their native countries and also began to grasp Spanish.

waterspout There is one morning of Tarpon fishing I will never forget. The horizon had an orange hue to it. There were all sorts of dark clouds forming around us. Our location was Matecumbe Harbor at the time. We were running due east towards Lignumvite Key. On the far side of the harbor is a well known bonefish flat. There are several unmarked cuts in the flat there. On the eastern side of the flat is a well marked channel. To the right is the marked channel to go past Lignumvite Key to get to the bridge whenever running Oceanside. Our plan was to veir north in Lignumvite Channel towards the flats we planned on fishing. As we came across the bonefish flat we watched a dark nimbo cumulus cloud form into a waterspout. The wind picked up first. We were running so fast in the Action Craft we had to take our hats off. Had we been wearing hats the sudden gusts of wind would have taken them off for sure. The wind gusts were sudden and abrupt. The cloud started spiraling downward. There was no questioning it, this waterspout was going to form. Sometimes a cloud will hint like it is going to turn into a waterspout then fade out like nothing or amount to some serious wind gusting. The clouds were some of the darkest I ever noticed. As we came across Matecumbe Harbor the sun was coming up. It was just getting light out. The next thing we knew it got real dark. The skies were black. The wind was gusting hard, plus it was pouring rain. The rain pelted us bad as we

ran even faster than normal to get out of the storm clouds where the tornado was forming. The waterspout was more like a tornado in size. The thing came out of the clouds quick then it meandered west right towards where we were running in the boat. We turned north towards the Petersen Keys then ran out around those islands to the north turning to run northwest to where we were planning on fishing on the edge of a flat near Barnes. The waterspout went past the island then across the flat into Matecumbe Harbor. It was tough to see since it was raining so hard. We lost sight of the waterspout in the rain, except it must have dissipated as it disappeared into the Gulf. Believe it or not after the weather event it got real still as the sun came out. We went first thing in the morning so we would be the first boat on the flat. There were tarpon all over the deep area on the edge of the flat that morning. The number of tarpon we sighted was amazing. After our scare with the waterspout we had a good morning. It was the ideal scenario to fly-fish. The tarpon were laid up or rolling. We spooked our share of fish as we polled. I thought we were quiet as a ghost except some fish were responsive when others were almost asleep. Several fish turned on his lure almost taking as we polled along until Chuck hooked one. I noticed it was an awkward fish since its reactions as it jumped were abnormal for a fish that size. We had to put our time in that morning. After landing our one tarpon, we called it a morning then headed back to Lower Matecumbe.

shoals The Everglades can also be thought of as the Florida River. In fact the Everglades is somewhat of a tidal river. Light Tackle fishing for Big Jack-Crevalle is so often overlooked in the shadows of more coveted game fish. The winter migration of large jacks has been exceptional so far. Locating a school of jacks has been exceptional so far. Locating a school of jacks has been exceptional so far. Locating a school of jacks on the feed can be the source of some great action. Working birds are a good indicator most of the time. The inshore fish can be the source of some great action. Working birds are a good indicator most of the time. The inshore fish can be caught one after another if sought out. Aggressive spin fishing with artificial lures like a DOA minnow or a bucktail with a twister tail worm are almost a sure thing. Jack-Crevalle in the 5 to 15 lb. range are abundant from Flamingo to the Islamorada bridges right now. The brackish channels that hold seatrout are good. The classic techniques of jigging for trout never fail if fish are in the area. It is important to maintain a constant retrieve to prevent losing fish. Artificial lures must be moving to look alive. A constant retrieve means constant hook-ups. A ten plus lb. jack on 8 lb. test is great. It is rewarding

when a fish makes several runs during a fight. At times there are colossal fish on the reef line in numbers difficult to imagine. The ocean side fish have been observed in numbers as great as four or five hundred 15 to 40 lb. jacks moving as one unit. Those fish are smarter than the ones found near the flats. Freespooling a live Bluerunner on sailfish gear is a prime tactic. Be prepared for long deep powerful runs. The bigger fish have above average endurance. A reel with lots of backing along with a precision drag setting is important. A spool of 200 plus meters of 12 lb. test will get the job done most of the time. Fishing a bimimi twist to a 40 to 50 lb. test leader increases line strength as well as provides an abrasive proof leader if a sailfish strikes. It is a great feeling letting a big one go after a long battle.

sails at Sun up dialog based on Capt. Richard Quirk JACK "Ritchie where are we going this morning" RITCHIE "up to Conch" JACK "look at the frigate bird, it is all worked up" RITCHIE "sailfish, there is our sailfish kiddo, this is critical get on the deck, let me get in front of the fish" Ritchie lined up on a set of birds working in the same area as the frigate. The sailfish were feeding right near the edge of the dropoff. The wind was gusting as it was, along with intense seas, it made it

awesome to be going after a fish throttled up. RITCHIE "get the lines out" JACK "right man" RITCHIE "fast kid" JACK "no worries" RITCHIE "now watch, look at those seagulls milling around, now look at that frigate bird, it is looking right at a fish" JACK "right, got it, go after it" In a short time... RITCHIE "there goes the right rigger kid, hook that fish man" Jack dropped back to the fish fast giving it several jabs on the hookup. As the fish went into the first run Jack gave the rod to the angler. The fish went up in the air right after it made the first run. The angler kept his cool just letting the fish go off. RITCHIE "good work on the deck" Ritchie hooked a fish on the center rod up on the bridge as that was going on. Now there were two anglers on the deck fighting fish. JACK "man those fish are freakin', this is wild man awesome" RITCHIE "watch it now backing up, now one is going off to the

starboard side, back the drag off on that reel" JACK "so let the fish run right man" RITCHIE "focus on the fish on the transom kiddo, make sure to gain back line as we go after the fish" JACK "got it, man the drag is screaming on the fish running to starboard" RITCHIE "the drag goes screaming alright, that fish has a sore jaw, now there is the leader on our first fish, light, light, slow on the leader kid, wait till the fish pops itself out of the water" JACK "got the bill, right on" RITCHIE "nice fish, now get it back in the water, tighten up on the drag, lets go get the next one" The sailfish was throwing water all over. Out in the elements at sun up.

Bubba Louie dialog based on the Bubba Louie, a 33 foot Crusader DAVE "we are all fueled up, lets get going" BRO "alright" JACK "primo man" BRO "how far out are we going" DAVE "far" The wind was out of the east. Dave went right into it. The Crusader handled well in most weather. It was a run of over 30 miles to the current rip Dave wanted to fish.

BRO "look gulls working" JACK "where" BRO "look over there man" DAVE "I got the birds, the gulls are working on fish, let me get up on them" Bro let out two flat lines as Dave caught up to the birds. Jack got a rod for a pitch bait to cast under the birds. DAVE "cast a bait under the gull low on the water" BRO "there goes a bull after it" JACK "the fish is all over it" Jack had his timing right on the hookup. DAVE "man look at that fish" As the bull began to make a run a big cow came charging in on the right flat, Bro hooked up on it. The bull took off fast charging through the waves taking line in mid air. Bro had his fish on trolling gear, it got up in the air except it made smaller runs. The bull Jack was fighting went deep after it got tired. Jack had a 40 lb. fish on a Penn 850. BRO "work that fish in slow Jack" JACK "there the bugger goes running again, man is it taking drag fast

again" DAVE "just keep on him" BRO "Dave get the gaff, the cow is up" JACK "nice gaff Dave, good going Bro" DAVE "there goes the bull leaping out of the water again, Bro catch some of those smaller fish" JACK "bailing gaffers man, awesome, Dave the big bull is tired, get the gaff Dave" Dave being an ace with the gaff handled the big fish well. BRO "nice work" DAVE "the gaffers, the birds are still over those gaffers, we'll get on the fish again" Dave ran the boat up current of the feeding fish. BRO "hooked up again" DAVE "awe we can fill the box" JACK "man look at all the blood" DAVE "keep going" BRO "man it is awesome catching fish like this"

DAVE "we've got over four hundred pounds" JACK "enough right?" DAVE "lets run inshore" JACK "now lets chill out" BRO "look how awesome our catch is bro, lets smoke a joint eh" JACK "sounds good to me" DAVE "right" After setting course back towards Tennessee Light. Dave noticed a wooden board floating. He gave Jack a 40 lb spinner with a Penn 950 reel, set up with a Yozuri lure. Jack ran the lure out as Dave made a pass on the drifting board. Out of the blue came a 20 lb. wahoo. BRO "man did that fish take some drag fast" Dave gaffed the wahoo then went back to the helm to find the debris again. Bro let the Yozuri out the same distance. JACK "amazing we just hooked into another wahoo. DAVE "run the lure out once more Jack" BRO "far out bro, we just hooked into our third wahoo"

The wahoo were all in the same size range. After gaffing the fish Dave set course back to shore as the sun was setting.

the bluewater Steve on the Linda D IV found me walking along the dock in 2004. He asked if I was the kid looking for a job. I mentioned the boats that I had worked on before to give him an idea of what sort of experience I had. Steve gave me the job. The Linda D IV is a 40 foot #1 hull with a pair of twin Detroit engines. It ran 22 to 23 knots top end, except most of the time we would cruise at 17 or 18 knots. Steve liked to fish the bluewater. In most cases we worked two rigger baits, two flats, a bridge rod, and one deep troll. We ran mono on the flats, wire albrights in the riggers, and also a wire albright on the bridge rod, and wire on the deep troll. Our rigs were tipped with pink squids. We ran a pink seawitch on the deep troll since it is a good wahoo color. Whenever we fished the reef we just ran two wire albright rigs in the outriggers, the clark spoon on the flat, plus the deep troll. For the most part the reef was all baracudas or ceros. Out in the bluewater we caught our dolphin, and wahoo. The sailfish were tough that season. We might have raised one sail a week. Steve spent the fall, winter, and spring in Florida, then went up to Maine for the bluefin tuna season. Out of all of the boats at Charterboat Row, the Linda D IV had the longest range. We fished from Pelican Shoal up to the east going out to the Marquesas to the west. Our boss Bill Wickers let us go where the fish were. Fuel was never a problem.

In March the king mackeral were stacked up at the outer edge of Western Dry Rocks for two weeks. We managed to catch threadfins, so we anchored. On one of our charters we caught a limit of big kings, plus three 20 lb. Black grouper. We worked that area for those two weeks until the fishing slowed down. We limited out several times. The rigs are #2 treble hooks on 4 wire albrighted to the 50 lb. test leader. When April came around we did most of our fishing in the bluewater. We did some live bait fishing for sails that month. We were a little salo on sails though. There were free jumpers all over the place out in 300 feet except those fish were not responding to dead bait trolling. We caught two sailfish offshore of Middle Sambo on threadfins on one trip. The first fish was about average weighing 50 lbs.. The second fish was big. It was a real dinosaur. It took us about 20 minutes to get the leader, then it went deep again and again as we backed up on it, taking another 20 minutes to land. That fish was over 70 lbs.. For several weeks in the spring of 2005 the waters off of the Marquesas were the place to be. At first there were big numbers of kings in the Gulf north of the Marquesas. Live threadfins on the surface had the kings at our will to some extent. We were casting two livies on spinning rods at a time getting the fish right up in plain sight on the take. We had a great time watching the threadfins get nervous as the kings came up to the surface. We got to see the bite. Later on trolling on the Atlantic side was intense. The Reef Runner is one of the older boats at Charterboat Row. It is a 40 foot Defender. Captain Soldano did his own custom fiberglass work on his deck. The boat has a long cockpit, making the cabin smaller. The bridge is up forward almost on the bow. It kind of lags through the water. It goes ten knots. A single engine boat. Single engine boats are common at the old Marina. On the Reef Runner we fished all wire. The rigs 8 feet of wire, to regular mustads, using a 200 pound barrel swivel. We trolled two riggers, two flats, plus the deep troll. In December of 2003 the kings were thick as theives. Eastern was the most productive. One morning we put ten big kings in the box, all around 20 pounds. The fish were getting airborne on the hook ups. Trolling up kingfish is awesome when it gets like that. When dead bait trolling for those fish the speed of the boat makes for a quick hook up. All of the sudden one is up on the right rigger, then the left goes, then a third fish on the flat. The

surface bite turns on, then just stops like it never even happened. Under normal conditions, whenever dead bait trolling, far more kingfish are caught on the deep troll than on the surface. Kingfish hold at mid depths most of the time. The cero mackeral were abundant that December also. The birds were found working on the inshore perimeter of the reef. When targeting them, we trolled clark spoons on the flats, and pink squid in the riggers. Expect fast action. Sometimes there are spanish mackeral mixed in with the ceros. One morning we took two dozen fish. The Lighthouse at Sand Key makes it the centerpoint of the reefline offshore of Key West. The Light is in shallow water on the highpoint of the reef. Adjacent to it is a sandbar. There is a NOAA weather beacon there also. On the outer perimeter of the high rocks is a 30 to 40 foot area. It is a good place to catch cero mackeral. The 30 to 40 foot zone made up of sea fans, sponges, or coral holds grouper and mutton snapper. The depth goes to 90 feet then rises back up to 40 or 50 feet. The bar is an outcropping of the reef. Past the bar is another dropoff. The bluewater offshore of there is great. The current rip there is in about 300 feet. The 40 foot zone to the west of the Light is a great yellowtail spot. Scot ran out there with me one morning in his 18 foot Edgewater. Using glassminnows as scatter chum and silversides on #1 hooks we caught 30 keepers. The seagulls are sometimes found working over cero mackeral or spanish mackeral on the inshore side of the reef as well as on the outside or deeper offshore side of the reef. Western Sambo is one of the coolest sections of the reef in south Florida. There is a steep dropoff on the outer edge of the reef there. In April of 2005 Scot took the Edgewater out there with me one evening. I got in the water to take a look around. When it is clear there are all sorts of caverns, and outcroppings of dead coral visible from the surface. There are gorges between the rock formations there. There are several spots where I was 20 feet deep in the middle of two cliffs that are no more than three feet below the surface. The yellowtails are scattered all throughout the gorges. On the dropoff on the outer edge there were cero mackeral. The tropical fish are abundant at Western

Sambo. I found rock beauties were hiding on sponges or in small caverns. One of the motivating reasons for going there was to look for lobster, or to find grouper in the caves near the bottom. For some reason neither the grouper nor the lobster were in the area on that dive. On the inshore side of the reef I had an encounter with an 8 foot bull shark. Before seeing the shark small cero mackeral went racing past me. The shark looked right at me then turned off into the darker water out of sight. The bull shark came up to me as I surfaced after diving on the deep edge on that side of the reef. The top of the reef is shallow. I froze, then turned backwards looking back to where the shark was until I got to the shallow high rocks.

overhauls In October of 2003 I got a job at the commercial fishing dock on Stock Island. Ed Blasce had a cargo container on site for fiberglass supplies. The Charterboat Row captains brought boats to Ed for offseason overhauls. There were two 40 foot #1 hulls being worked on plus two 34 foot Crusaders. The Captain Conch was one of the #1 hulls. It is an open cabin boat that was being rebuilt. We put in new engine hatches, tackle cabinets, a new deck, along with a new fish box. I spent three weeks working there before Ed told me to hit the docks. Ritchie Gomez gave me a job that November on his 34 foot Crusader the Conch Too. I got a new look at trolling. Ritchie gave me the first look at dead bait trolling for sails. I had to strike out to learn. This was a new challenge for me. Ritchie had me trolling spinning rods on the

flat lines. We had a Penn 50 International on the downrigger, Penn 30 conventionals in the riggers, plus a bridge rod. We also pulled a squid chain teaser out of the right rigger. That first fish on the troll was one of the most exciting hookups I ever had. The fish was up on the teaser then Ritchie took the squid chain from the fish, it turned on the right flat that I dragged past its chin. I gave it a quick five seconds on the dropback. The fish came jumping on the first run it made. We cleared our lines then worked our fish. We got the touch on the leader, then let the fish tire itself out. I billed it, we got a quick picture then we dragged the fish a little to revive it. The End of the Bar is where the blackfins are most of the time. We were catching blackfins in 150 to 300 feet all over the reefline. One afternoon on the Captain Conch we caught eight big blackfins on the troll. It was going off. The frigate birds were out in 300 feet on the fish. The fleet worked the fish for about a week.

rabbit out of his hat On one old commercial fishing boat converted into a charterboat we fished four rods all out of the gunwhales. The old slow boat did about 10 knots, except it got us to the fishing grounds. Whenever fishing for baracuda or cero mackeral we trolled two bare baits in the outriggers on wire, a clark spoon on the flat, and a rigged hoo with a black and red feather on the downrigger. The baracuda action was so good we were hooking up triple headers on a regular basis. We were getting multiple triple headers in a single trip. The cero mackeral were elusive that fall. We caught all sorts of ceros except their pattern followed the king mackeral that never showed up until winter was almost over.

The idea of trolling for sailfish is to cover more water. The sails will sometimes shadow a bait, thrashing at it with their bill before charging in on the feed. Most of the fish do not hook themselves. The fish require a little coaxing to initiate the dropback. In December the fleet did most of its trolling outside the Main Ship Channel. The sails were thick as theives. Mitch Nowak pulled a rabbit out of his hat one afternoon when he got shallower than the rest of the fleet gettting right up on top of the reef. There were small sails in there feeding. We raised five fish in the short time we were there landing two. The first fish came up on the left rigger. I gave it a short dropback then hooked it up. As that was going on another fish snagged itself on the downrigger as a third fish charged in on the right flat. Ignoring the fish on the right flat I set the hook on the one that took the downrigger although the fish managed to get off. We shrugged our shoulders as we backed up on our sail. This little sail never got far, it might have weighed 20 lbs. Once we released that fish we got our baits right back in the water. We raised another pair of fish on our rigger baits. We got the one on the left rigger. That fish came back on the bait three times before I got the hook into it. This one did not require much backing down either. It weighed about 15 lbs.

the Tortugas The run to the Tortugas took us through the lakes first. At the end of the lakes is a cut past Boca Grande. The shoreline of that island is a pristine natural sand bank. After clearing the shallow waters of the lakes we took the offshore pass past the Marquesas. From there it is another 50 miles due west. Our first stop was on the 30 foot patch reefs where the red grouper are. The rods we used were 30 lb. class. The old Penn Senators were spooled with 40 lb. test. The rigs consisted of a 2 ounce lead in front of a barrel swivel to 5 feet of 50 lb. mono to a 7/0 short shank mustad. John Potter had eight of those on the boat. On those patch reefs, all we did was grouper fish. Each rig got a medium hoo, and a whole squid. The grouper bite was almost

instantaneous. Whenever it slowed down we would move about 150 to 200 feet from where we were last. As the sun started setting we decided to run to Fort Jefferson. That afternoon we put about 30 keeper red grouper in the box. The Fort is something else. It is a civil war era Fort built in the mid 1800's. In the center of the Fort is a field. There are scattered trees, there is an old cactus, it is a unique place. There is a rustic lighthouse that served as a watchtower. The Fort itself is built out of red brick. It is two levels high. On the perimeter is a brick wall that creates a moat. There are mangrove snapper inside the wall. There is some live rock within the perimeter also. The island forms an outcropping that creates the sheltered harbor. That night we anchored in the harbor. Captain Potter worked on his grouper chowded, as I cooked shrimp and lobster on the skillet. Our guests were elated to escape to such a remote location. We went on a 50 foot sportfisherman called the Cha Cha. The cabin was set up for overnight trips. It served as our seafood bar. The ship was in an uproar that night. Being so close to Cuba is was nice having Cuban cigars from back at port. I smoked one on the bridge late that night. Capt. Potter put a shark rod out with the clicker on. It woke us up at about 2 o'clock. It was a 120 lb. hammerhead. The next morning the wind picked up, it got rough. We met up with a shrimp boat in a seven foot sea to barter for several burlap sacs full of crabs, shrimp, and moharas. We traded them several cases of beer. We backed up stern to stern in that sea, it was hectic. The fleet of shrimpers look like ghost ships out there. It is a tight nit group of some of the most rugged individuals in the commercial fishing business. The boats go out for weeks at a time, roughing it in the harshest of weather. We went back to the patch reefs. We managed to catch another 40 legal red grouper. We also landed two jewfish. One was 200 lbs., the other was about 150 or so. The crabs, and the moharas were our scatter chum. That night we went back to the harbor for shelter, although we did not go ahore. We landed a 150 lb. bull shark in the dark. Once the sun came up we started back to port. Rather than just run back, we went offshore, then trolled back. It was rough offshore, about an eight foot sea. We caught dolphin as we trolled back in 500 feet.

the weedline Being introduced to offshore permit was one of the coolest experiences I have had as a charterboat mate. Shallow water permit so often spook on the flats never allowing a chance to get a bait to them. The deeper water seems to give the fish more confidence. There is a wreck up to the east of Alligator Light in Islamorada. In the springtime permit move offshore to wrecks or rock piles on the reef. Sometimes 40 or 50 fish would be visible on the surface. I'd go up on the bow with a live crab to get the best casts at the fish. Sometimes the permit would ignore the crab, but persistence paid off all of the

time. The permit would gather up in groups. Casting a crab into the middle of 25 fish is fine most of the time, except sometimes the fish require a little coaxing. In that case, finding the lead fish is critical. If there are 40 permit there then there must be several lead fish since the fish a broken up in packs. Sometimes we would hook up on the first cast. Other times it could take multiple casts until I would hit one on the head. Some fish go right up to the surface, right up on top to take a crab. Other fish would pick it up while it was sinking. Dirrk Reich brought me on his 43' Hatteras at Whale Harbor Marina in Upper Matecumbe Florida in the spring of 2005. Being springtime our focus was on dorado. Our routine consisted of anchoring in the dark on the bait patch, throwing the castnet on cigar minnows or goggle eyes, racing offshore in search of birds, setting out our spread, then we run and gun after fish pitching live baits. Our success allowed us to fool around on the wreck in the afternoon. The wind is unpredictable, that spring the east winds were late. In the recent past the east winds arived at the end of March. The weather pattern was two months late. The fish migration followed the weather pattern. At the beginning of the season fish were scattered in groups of eight or ten schoolie size fish. The beginning of June was our most productive part of the season. We wandered around looking for the fish feeding into the current, those are the aggressive bigger fish, the slammers as we call them. The birds on those fish are moving southwest in the gulfstream. Captain Dirrk Riech or Dirrko is an ace at spotting fish from the tower. Once we were able to get to the fish we would either troll past the fish or pitch a live bait. Sometimes we would hook our first fish on the troll, then pitch baits to the rest of the pack. Slammers travel is pairs or in packs of 3 or 5 in most cases. The size range of these fish is 15 lbs. to over 50 lbs.. The larger bull dolphin is in most cases the lead fish. One of our better catches of the season consisted of 4 cows weighing 17 to 23 lbs. and two bulls, one weighing 18 lbs. with the other weighing 21 lbs.. Our largest bull dolphin of the season weighed 54 lbs.. As the schoolies began to run through our catches consisted of 40 to 50 small fish per trip. Some of our slammers showed up while we were catching schoolies. One morning we caught five bulls averaging 20 lbs. each. We were working a weedline on a current break 25 miles out. The first set of gulls we found meandering southwest came through. We hooked up one fish trolling plus made a cast to the fish that was to some extent a shadow to the first fish. Right after we were able to land those fish then organize our trolling rods quick we found

another set of birs working. The next set produced a triple. The first fish charged in on the squid chain on the right flat. We fought that fish then landed it keeping our focus on a frigate bird that was right on the water. On our next move we idled to the war bird. After casting over to it, a bull came charging in, our angler hooked up. To our good fortune there was a second bull racing around. What a blast we had fighting those big dolphin. It was business as usual.

the rainstorm The skies grew dark as we headed for shore. We were in a full blown rainstorm before we knew it. Waterspouts were almost forming up. As the rain dissipated we spotted several sailor gulls circling over fish. The wind was out of the East at almost 30 knot gusts. The reason it

was somewhat calm is the fact that the rain flattened the seas out. In the downpour it was as tough to see as it is in the fog. The captain ran up on the birds then got upwind of them to make it easier for me to cast to them. Using two 30 lb. spinners then one of our 20 lb. rods we got takes on three fish in a quick flash of action. The wind made for real long casts into the fish the birds were on. On the first cast I gave the fish a short drop back with a flying fish. The fish were not in our sight we just knew the dolphin were under the birds. After hooking into the first fish I took a deboned hoo on another 30 lb. rod to cast. Again it is how it is sometimes. When dorado are on the surface in a pack of 4 or 5, the feeding fish never hesitate to take if the presentation is right. The third fish was shadowing the fish we had on so I cast another deboned hoo to it. After our navigating through the rainstorm we had a triple header on. To our good fortune we landed the fish. As we worked in our third fish two more dorado moved in. Sometimes things just flow right. The first was a bull the next was a cow. What a blessing to catch five dolphin in the 20 lb. range after we got skunked in the harsh weather that morning.

threadfins on the reef The morning was dead still. There was a low fog lifting off of the horizon. The first thing we did on the Kalex was catch Threadfins using our 14 ft. net. Alex got us on the pilchards that were racing in great numbers on the patch. George was also just as onto the

Threadfins as Adler that morning. Dave alternated turns on the net with me. We used our scatter chum to cloud the water to cover the net since most of the time Threadfins aren't ever caught in the castnet. The scenario was something else that morning as we were scoring two to three hundred Pilchards or Threadfins at a time the numbers were so great. We had real fine sand chum. The Yellowtails were all over the edge of the reef at Alligator. It was a great time catching big Yellowtails on the Threadfins. What made it even more awesome was the fact that we were catching big Mangrove and Mutton snapper in the cloud of Yellowtails at the same time. The fish were right on top of the water column. Imagine a flash or red as a big Mutton snapper takes a Pilchard right on the surface. Our big Pilchards or Threadfins are what made things happen for us.

sailfish December is a cold month in Stuart Florida. I got held up one morning on A1A driving to the dock because a train was blocking the road. The fog was beginning to lift as the train rolled past. What a hastle man. Charlie flipped on me, telling me I should have left for work earlier.

Well, I would have made it to the boat on time if the train wasn't blocking the road. I still got there 15 minutes before our one angler for the morning. The rods were all rigged, plus there were four dozen baits brined on ice. It was a still calm morning. As the sun was rising about 200 or so ravens flew past the dock at first light. The fog began to lift up off the Indian River. The horizon had a distinct red haze to it that morning. I took out the sailfish rods then had a cup of coffee. Charlie was blowing smoke about me getting caught up at the train tracks. Todd pulled up. Charlie said "lets go see what he thinks about the weather." Todd said "we might as well go" So we went. The inlet was rough. We had a wave break over the bow as we were getting out of the inlet. The wind was right out of the east. It was over 20 knots, gusting at 30. Most of the sailfish being caught were offshore of Fort Pierce. There is an edge that we would work about 15 miles east of the shoreline. Even though it is 15 miles out, the edge there is just 150 feet deep. It was a rain gear morning. Man we got drenched on our ride out. The wind was hawkin', so we put out four baits rather than our normal spread of seven. Sometimes that is all it takes. The first fish came right up on the flat. I had the drag set real light so the fish could tug some line without resistance. A sail will pull a little line then drop a bait before charging back in on a bait it is best to wind on the bait a little or hold the rod up in the air. Getting the hoo in sight makes the fish visible also. The more excited a fish is the better the chance of getting it to commit. I hooked the sail. Todd fought the fish. It made several short runs except it was small. We were able to back right up on it. I brought the fish onboard quick to get the hook out of it then dragged it through the water a little to revive it. Our second fish popped up on the left rigger. After banging the clip down I gave it a quick feed getting the hook into the fish on the first take. It was another small sail. It came jumping towards the boat. I had to be real delicate with these small fish, their bills are soft. Charlie cooled off after we landed some fish. Number three came up after our squid chain, then faded back on the flat line. I dropped back to it then hooked up again catching the fish. We called it a morning after landing three sails then ran back to Stuart.

Radha Madhava Traveling around the Miami area using mass transit has been an adventure in and of its own. Living in Jupiter I got to know a cab

driver who picked me up at the Spring Training Baseball Stadium to drive me to the Tri Rail Station. Most of the time I carried a backpac to keep the cell phone I had on me, japa beads, several books to read, spare cloths, camera and so on. It is great to bide the time on the train leafing through a book. The cell phone allowed me to scroll through the New York Times to check the latest news. I sometimes chanted silent japa also. At the transfer station I got onto the metro rail to Coconut Grove to get to the festivals or to do devotional work. Prasad was great tonight. The coliflower with the potatoes cooked in oil hit the spot. The rice had black olives added to it. After washing pots and ladels this morning I went for a walk to get a coffee, and a box of cloves. Once I got back to the temple I was able to chant several rounds of japa next to the tulasi garden. The lock to Govindas, the book store, was caught when Mantra Murti got to the temple. After we got the door to open I noticed Ganga Safari a great book Mahamaya Devi Dasi wrote about traveling with Jaya Pataka. One night we were all explosive over Gaura Purnima in Miami if i place the time right, spring of 2007, tulasi water going all over, scattered flowers or organized chaos. At arotics I had a good chat with a godbrother about how to improve our sadhana or our meditation. Visal das was speaking about sadhana the previous morning. I managed to chant as loud and as clear as possible to maintain a humble go about it. The kirtan was a gradual progression for me. It had me drifting a little as i thought about how to free the mind from MAYA. I had to go light on the kiratalas at first. Rasesa Goura got me going with his drum again. In the mist of it all we directed our attention to Krishna. Our speaker had the most straight forward insight on the main focus of the Bhagavad Gita. The facets of Arjuna. As he began his lecture chanting JAYA RADHA MADHAVA. What a quiet night on the metro rail. I added tulasi water to the cup of drink ice I got at the bar on the walk to the train. The taste of the tulasi leaf will settle me for the night. Prabhupada das mentioned the Lower East Side of New York in the 60's when he got to know Srila Prabhupada and Allen Ginsberg. I hold on to the lilamrtas I found at Govindas, talkes between Swamiji and Allen Ginsberg are in Satsvarupas notes. Prabhupada das was interested in what I wrote. I gave him a print out of Eight Islands. I must maintain constant practice to master the art. Sadhana is

something I am working on. Gandharvika gave me a tour of the tulasi garden. One of the trees is what the Buddha once meditated next to. We noticed the flowers buding in a tree growing above the garden. The tulasi plants in the greenhouse need nurturing, perhaps we can root cuttings.

Part Two Sea of Cold
Swamiji Revisions of Srila Prabhupada quotes out of the writings of Satsvarupa dasa Gosvami about his travels... The idea is to point out some of the most intriguing things Srila Prabhupada said then shed some light on his concepts.

One thing swamiji pointed out is "It is our action that counts, we each have a free will, we can choose to follow our spiritual master or not..." It is best to relate to his teachings or writings to guide us on the right path. A true Guru Maharaj replies as a humble servant to his deciple when given the right level of respect in reciprocation to his student.

Some devotees just fade out so Srila Prabhupada often said "come back to the temple, all problems aside, we will take care of things just come back or else..." Satsvarupa once said "this means more important of all, that I have to keep more than ever unto death the strict practice of Krishna conscious principles and following Srila Prabhupada and preaching in ISKCON"

Srila Prabhupada said "this is the best part of the morning for spiritual life..." on his morning walk on Waikiki Beach before the sun was up. The surfers were in the water. Prabhupada remarked that it was almost suffering for the surfers to get out in the water at that time of the morning. For me on mornings when I got out in the surf I found great contentment. If we feel as though we are one with the ocean or the elements we will struggle through whatever it takes to get out there. Sometimes it means we have to fight through breakers to get out far enough to find our center or just sort of chill out on the board

until the right wave comes along. I doubt there is a better thrill than surfing out of a crest as the sun is rising over the horizon. Sometimes it even felt great to just paddle along in light waves at sun up. Srila Prabupada is right it is almost suffering at times if the water is cold. It is out there in the surf where we find our zen so whatever we go through to get it we will. Srila Prabhupada said similar things to John Lennon as he did in his talks with Allen Ginsberg...

"Hare Krishna" said George

swamiji smiled "this is Krishna's blessing"

"Hare Krishna," George replied again

Prabhupada said "whatever leading persons act, people in general will follow them"

When swamiji asked John Lennon what philosophical veiws he was following, Lennon responded "following?" we still have to keep sifting through, like sifting through sand..."

Allen Ginsberg commented that Bhaktivedanta seemed to have no friends in America, that he was alone, and gone, somewhat like a lone hippie to the nearest refuge, the place where it was cheap enough to rent. There were several people gathering around sitting in lotus on the floor. Allen described them as Lower East Side hippies who had wandered in off the street being somewhat curious also full of

inquisitiveness, and respect for spiritual presentation of some kind. Ginsberg said the hippies looked like street sadhus in India who were refugees the from middle class. Allen liked the idea that in his words "Swami Bhaktivedanta had chosen the Lower East Side of New York for his pracitice. He had gone to lower depths. He had gone to a spot more like the side streets of Calcutta." "I was astounded that he came with the chanting, because it seemed like a reinforcement from India." said Allen about the kirtana...

Satsvarupa said Prabhupada quoted a passage from the Bhagavad Gita where Krishna said that whatever a great man does, others will follow, requesting Allen to continue chanting Hare Krishna so that others would follow his example. Allen said he did not take Swami Bhaktivedanta for granted questioning his own level of respect mentioning that his teaching was good to make him question that. Allen said "The main thing, above all of our differences, was an aroma of sweetness that he had, a personal selfless sweetness like total devotion, and that was what conquered me, whatever intellectual questions of doubts I had, in his presence there was a kind of personal charm, coming from dedication, that conquered all our conflicts."

Socrates Can one consider Socrates to be a jnana yogi? One of his disciples asks the question of what the goal of life is for Socrates. It is to rise through the means of the intellect to attain realization of the absolute good. Srila Prabhupada answered that Socrates was a great thinker also stating that such a great soul is one of a kind. The disciple asks if someone like Socrates who is a jnanavan or wise man will in the end surrender to Krishna? For Socrates Zues was the king of gods. The concept is the same. It is certain Socrates had a similar resolve to his idea of the source of all creation. Aristotle begins in Nicomachean Ethics mentioning the overall good. Taking action can be or is in his terms a good attribute for a man. Action contributes to the overall good if it is done in a productive way. For example, building a boat or tending to farm feilds. Building a boat adds another ship to the fleet. Tending to farm feilds provides produce for the well being of the townspeople. There is a cost for the produce. It must be paid for. The farmer must be rewarded for his work. People are discouraged from stealing. This does not make reference to work ethic. Someone who is active or contributing in some way to others is held at a high level of virtue. When meeting an end, the means for that end, can be weighed based on the action that was taken for oneself of for ones nation. Aristotle said it was finer to meet ones end in service of the state, rather than for ones own personal ambition. The overall well being of mankind is something greater and more complete. Acting in accordance with rational principle knowledge is in some sense doing the right thing in given situations. The question that arises is, how is rational defined? Some men are consumed by their senses, thinking about their well being alone, or thinking about whatever makes them feel good. Those of higher intellect seek out political thought or live a contemplative life. Aristotle does stress the value of knowledge as a measure of a man. A good can be an accomplishment or the completion of a project. Winning a battle is an accomplishment. The work that goes into the construction of a building can be viewed as the good that completed it. The good in that case being the time the builders put into the work. There is a correlation between the comments of Prabhupada

regarding Socrates and how Aristotle makes reference to the overall good. The well being of mankind and the transcendence of the soul are linked. From the perspective that we assume the spirit soul is real, we link what man does on this Earth to the well being of the soul. From a material standpoint we can observe the actions we as men take in relation to what happens around us. In plain terms good karma is good work. That tells us to take action in some good form whenever possible. Nicomachean Ethics breaks the world down to what it is. It does not claim to be an explanation of how things should be. The book in some aspects describes the chaos the world of men is in. Aristotle makes suggestions, except each suggestion is weighed against the opposite. Perhaps the death of Socrates effected Aristotles pen. 'quotes'... "virtuous actions are noble and done for the sake of the noble"... also "the liberal man like other virtuous men, will give for the sake of the noble" Aristotle. A liberal man spends on the right things. In some sense that tells us that a liberal man will make the right moves, speak to the right people, or all in all do the right thing. In some aspect or another most men are flawed to some extent. A man who claims what is in accordance with his merits is respected for it. Those who make false claims are denied respect. In the commercial fishing business it is crucial to catch the largest number of fish possible, right? For a farmer it is important to get a high yeild out of a crop. Lobtermen set gear near structure where lobster like to hide. Lets assume merit is based on the mean of the average number of lobster caught, compared to what is brought in. How does moderate success gain more merit than outstanding success? Is moderate harvest of fish wiser, so to speak than seeking to take too much at one time. Can the resource be overfished? What Aristotle is talking about is character. Pride is something that is based on a mans veiw of his own status. A proud man of the highest status must be good in order to maintain his place in life. Aristotle stresses moderation in wealth, power, level of pride, and in fact ambition as well. Aristotle explains how a proud man who avoids danger most of the time will face great dangers. Courage in the face of danger is what sets men apart. There must be a balance of how one takes shelter with the number of risks taken. The moderate or more temperate man understands, and takes

the middle road. Philosophical thought has few boundries. How is it certain people are rewarded for their work when at the same time there are those who are exploited? Does the person who gets exploited work as well as the person who is rewarded in a fair sense? How can we sure that the exploited worker is held to the same standard as the satisfied worker? How are ethics upheld? It is important to fight for what is right. First we need to figure out what right is. Who is to tell us what to look upon as negative or what to get excited about. In order to do this we must use common sense. Knowledge is learned over time. Aristotle seems to tell the reader to step back from material attachments as does Srila Prabhupada in his purports. Free from attachments man can attain a higher level of thought. Socrates was mentioned as being a modest man who had a good understanding of things.

Logic Logic tells us that there must be a creator for the universe to exist. St. Thomas calls God the first mover. In Shorter Summa, the existence of God is the first topic St. Thomas explains that God is eternal. God is not split like a Taoist would suggest. God is not part something, part nothing. God in fact is somthing. The answers we are looking for are, that it is in reference to its existence, and what it is in reference to its essence. Creation is evidence that God is out there somewhere. God set the universe in motion. Some believe that God has taken on multiple forms or has expansions. Of the theories on creation the Hindu perspective explains that Brahma is the first God. Brahma is the cause of the cosmic explosion that began the creation of the universe. Catholic Faith tells us that God did expand creating worlds as well as spiritual expansions except that there is one God. The one God is the first mover. Astronomers take satellite photos of planets. The planets orbiting the Sun are barren. The planets closer to the Sun are volcanic, the planets farther out are frozen or made up of elements that are of no likeness to our planet. The satellites also look out into the nearest galaxies. The images are amazing. The universe has no known limit. Hindu scriptures tell us a multitude of creators emerged. The exceptance of the multiple God veiw is based on the number of stars or planets that exist. In our respect it is impossible to put God into simple terms. St. Thomas said the divine intellect is the same as the divine essence. Looking for answers is just speculation. The earth is a diverse world. The oceans are abundant in all sorts of wildlife, from pelagic fish, to birds like the albatross. There are iguanas, snakes, elephants, deer, bears, and so on. There are oak trees, pines, mangroves and so on. Does an albatross have a spirit? Is God found in trees or plants? The world makes God look like an artist. All things act own their own. St. Thomas focus is on mankind. Man is set apart based on his will or

hid intellect. Man is higher up on the evolution of the mind. The power of creative thought or speculative thought or constructive thought is all given to man. Man has work ethic. Civilization is the result of creative thinkers. The will is a great force. Man was given the will to work through whatever struggle is in his path. Man is the result of a greater source that intended us to exist. God is said to be the same force all the time. The attributes given to man are the same as what God is. St. Thomas set out to prove the existence of the creator. Let us call that fact. Whatever else god is, philosphers question. So much can be proved, then the rest is left to arguement. St Thomas tells us that at the beggining of creation mankind was lost. God planned to restore man. Lost at the first man? Man became materialistic. Christ came to restore man. God became a part of mankind after taking on the form of a man. Man the last to be created, of all beings on Earth is a part of Christ. The sacred scripture tells us Christ ascended up out of the Earth after his death. Christ came to the Earth a mortal, then left as spirit. The purpose was for God to realize man. The realization of man lets God find some understanding for men. Can man realize God, if God never realized man? Is Christ the turning point in mans realization of God? Christ was said to be in fact in the form of a man though he was formed of some sort of celestial matter. The teaching of Christian faith tells us Christ was of the same nature of mortal men, and had a true rational soul. Plato believed the intellectual soul is seperate from us in the form of matter. Plato said a mans soul is like a sailor in a boat, it is at the helm. The soul is one with man. The soul is said to be the mover. Alexander belived the potential intellect to be part of the soul that is seperate from a man. Aristotle agrees with Plato that the spirit sets things in motion, and that it is a force of intellect seperate from mans actual form. Let us go back to the first mover. There is an order of causes that brought about what we know. The order of causes created the stars. It set the planets in motion. The order of causes is responsible for the evolution of the evolution of all the creatures on the planet. After a look at creation, where does it leave us? There was a first mover, there is an order of causes, something brought about the world, something brought about man, all things meet an end. Those are the

five proofs brought up. Lets assume man is on his own in the world. Does the spiritsoul of the creator remain with us? Is there a cause for the good elements of mankind? St Thomas said there is a source that is the cause of all being. Socrates said man came from the world of forms. The theories are similar. The outlooks tell us that God shaped man. The Catholic Faith calls the omnipotent God the creator, and the maker. The creator is the concept of Brahma or the first mover. The maker is like the craftsman or sculpter of men.

Abstract Capitalism If we look to the stratosphere we notice the clouds or the variations of the hue of the horizon above us. If we see where we are standing we get to the realization that we are on a planet. If our feet are anchored as we give thought to where we are...on a planet infact... How is our social structure or our outlook on the earth itself. Even in a social capitalist mapout of things all merchants or business owners will be granted capitalism to the fullest extent if the right chart is drafted... For a merchantile, if we had a woven rug, someone is an expert in that trade. Someone else is a builder who is skilled as a master craftsman. The owner of a farm does perhaps hire his sudra class workers to tend to his fields. If we see a diligent farm worker, how are we to percieve someone who developed the skill or work ethic to work in the farm fields if the sudra is weighed out against the merchant or even a brahmin? For the brahmin to meet the farmhand or the merchant on equal ground the ethical level of either one is the question. If his aquired knowhow is in his area of work. Is the diligent farm worker an equal even to a broker who is able to maintain all of his financial records. In a capitalist market the broker will overtake the sudra working in the farm field. One good question is how we can see potential in someone or

how to know the next right thing to teach someone else who is well on their path. If a girl is a model who is creative enough to start a trend? It might be a blouse or a discrete outfit? The abstraction finds a medium... If one culture developed or has maintained itself who has the right to infringe on it. In Canada we see tradition the same as we will see traditional values in South America. If the custom in a fishing village in Cuba is for the lobsterman or fishermen either sell their catch at the boat or at a small market place in town. If the lobsterman has his own scale he can run his proprietorship at his own dock. If the fishermen is able to deliver his catch to someone who is able to distribute it into the cities it is their right to own or maintain their boats or manage whatever finance is involved in the business. The concept of tax is one of the aspects of how to finance the political spectrum. How to build a peaceful social environment that rises far higher in all of the multifaceted aspects of a global free market is our question... One writer might work on current events for a newspaper. Someone else might write indepth fiction that applies to what is going on in the world or the social atmosphere. For a the man a Hare Krishna or a Taoist or perhaps a Buddhist? his perspective integrated?

Shiva The Image of Shiva was found in the ruins of the Indus River civilization. The parallel of worship of Shiva is the worship of shakti or the power of the active forces of the universe. The source of the power known as shakti is thought of as Shiva. The power of Shiva is something that flows out of his consort Durga or Kali as Radha is the source of Krishnas potencies. The prakrtis or potencies are of Krishna who is the sarva-drk, the overseer and also the upadrasta the great advisor. Shiva is adored among the devas. It is said that Shiva can take on the form of Brahma or Vishnu. Also of his forms are tortoise, fish or conchs. The coral of the ocean floor is also an outcropping of Shiva.

The focus on Vishnu was an offshoot of Shiva. Vishnu is often noticed as Krishna or Rama. The devotees of Krishna or Rama are in fact working for Vishnu. Vishnu can lift one up out of the sea of the world.

Brahma is known as the source that sprang from the waters of the cosmic ocean. In the principle of creation Vishnu is the element of preservation where Shiva is that of destruction. The great waters or

the source of Brahma are the highest of all. It is for certain that Shiva is also a god of preservation as well. Krishna as the Buddha is also one of the creations of Vishnu in the Hindu outlook on the devas. Ganesa often traveling with Shiva is the master who removes great obstacles.

The devotees of Shiva are often the most opulent in material aspects. The devotees of Vishnu sometimes are said to sometimes lack material gain. Shiva who dwells at the base of a tree in the mountains makes those who fall at his feet rich where as the devotees of Vishnu or Krishna the devas who reside in an infinite abode tend to be poor. One who has the main focus of Vishnu-tattva has the greatest spiritual gain. How is it that one who serves Shiva has fewer to gain in spirit if there is a contrast to the concept? A devotee of Shiva must must be granted spiritual energies as high up as someone who is a devotee of Vishnu. In order to get to the higher planets one must go through Vishnu. The planets of Krishnaloka are the highest level of the spiritual plain. The devotees of Vishnu are looking to attain niaskarma when ones actions are free of material effect. Durga or Kali represent all material energies. Shiva is the master of the material plain. Brahma or Shiva are known to ask their devotees to adhere or hold to certain qualities. Shiva is the absolute bearing the mark of the crescent moon with his consort Durga or Kali the sacred mother of the earth, he is the thief of the soul, the one who brings meaning, and the light that shines forever.

Eight Islands The Shinto believe the gods once drove a spear into the Ocean. The beads of saltwater that fell from the end of the spear formed into an island. The gods descended to the island to build a pillar. The two danced around it producing the eight main islands of Japan. Tendai Buddhism In the mountain school students were to remain on the mountain assigned to the repair of ponds, canals, to rebuild after landslides, the construction of bridges and ships, planting trees, sowing hemp and grasses, and digging wells. The Tendai sought to attain a state of spiritual enlightenment to merge into Nirvana. The transfer of merit is how a monk avoided the law of karma through his own will. Shingon Buddhism A blend of Confucian or Taoist thought integrated into the ideals of Indian sripts the teacher found in his travels of China to the border of India. The Shingon focus was on magical spells. The Tibetian root also

noted the factor of the deities in the austerities. The Shingon worked on the sacred mantras, practiced the sacred gestures, and studied the mandalas or the sacred pictures. The Shingon meditation out of the work of India had a focus on the cosmic Buddha. The Shingon sought out the realization of the Buddha or his Dharma in this lifetime. The parallel to Nirvana or escape is Satori, the awareness of the Buddha in this world.

the spiritual Light Brahma is the source of the cosmic explosion at the beginning of the universe…his energies were first. If we believe there is a spiritual correlation to the scientific outlook of the universe, we know Krishna is real so perhaps there is even some sort of spiritual plain on Jupiter or Saturn even though science has no grasp of it. Siddhartha or the Buddha are also said to be forms of Krishna or one of the devas in the outlook of Buddhists. The founder of Tibetan Buddhism was an East Indian monk. In the Bhagavad-Gita Arjuna said “what is this absolute freedom Krishna? What is the nature of beings and of the gods?” Krishna said “freedom is union with the deathless, the self is the essence of all things, its creative power called action causes the whole world to be.”

In the First and Last Freedom on contradiction J. Krishnamurti said “we see contradiction in us and about us, because we are in contradiction, there is a lack of peace in us and therefore outside us. There is a constant state of denial and assertion, what we want to be and what we are. The state of contradiction creates conflict and this conflict does not bring about peace which is a simple obvious fact.” In the chapter on actualizing special insight in Stages of Meditation one of the Dali Lama books on how a Bodhisattva cultivates wisdom is a quote “after realizing calm abiding, meditate on special insight, thinking as follows: all teachings of the Buddha are perfect teachings…” the quote goes on, “just as darkness is dispelled when light appears mere calm abiding meditation cannot make pristine awareness more pure, nor can it eliminate the darkness of the things we find obscure… Therefore, engaging in calm abiding meditation I shall search for suchness with wisdom, and I shall not remain content with calm abiding alone. What is it that makes plants grow? We know that plants are rooted in the earth. It is the rain that provides nourishment. Plants grow towards the sunlight or the source. One droplet of water is enough to show us krishna. We are able to see the Tao in this droplet of water. In that one waterdroplet we can find an entire abode as vast as the Tao. What we see in a waterdroplet on a leaf in the sunlight after a rain is as much of a path to our grasp of Krishna as the ocean. The sight of the stars at night over the horizon is in fact a looking glass into the Tao. Each sun is a source of light or a center of a moving force of elements. As the earth is moving all of the time as is the universe. Even in our material realm the elements are representative of Krishna or the source. For a plant the source is the sun or the sunlight, the rain being an element needed for the plant to grow. Just as the earth is a platform for the plant it is a plain for mankind. As a plant grows towards the sun it is our nature to be drawn towards Krishna or the eternal Tao. For us to be swallowed up or absorbed to Krishna or the Tao we must first follow the right path. Our mindset has to be true. We must see life as it is. Our thoughts have to be as pure as the droplet of water. The same as we cultivate a plant we must root our character traits in order for our thoughts to grow. As our thoughts grow we gain wisdom and our insight gets to be as deep as the ocean. The concepts we

were never able to fathom end up in our grasp. Once we are mindful of the Tao we will find our focus. Our spiritual progress is rooted in how we percieve the world or the universe around us. Once we realize that our source be it Krishna or the Tao is the same as the droplet of water on the leaf of a plant we will find true knowledge. Then in fact we know we are on the right path. ATMA is also a JIVA the individual self who is a minute part of KRISNA or the eternal TAO the SANKARACARYA concept is that there is that the self is one with KRISNA or the eternal TAO the BUDDHA often spoke of the self the aspects of the Eightfold Path are the discipline of true BUDDHIST thought out of the work of H. Saddhatissa in THE LIFE OF THE BUDDHA Right Understanding means seeing life as it is as well as realizing the nature of existence as summed up in the Four Noble Truths Right Thought means a pure mind Right Speech means cultivating the same characteristics in ones words as in ones thoughts Right Action or Right Livelihood are straightforward Right Effort is constituting a moral training through which the other obligations of the Eightfold Path can be fulfilled Right Mindfulness is the development of intellectual awareness in the service of spiritual progress Right Concentration is the practice of meditation that leads to the full grasp or understanding of the impermanence of things with the focus on NIRVANA .

VISVATMA DHARMA Learning to be pure finding santosa or contentment or svadhyaya, the reading of the scriptures are all aspects of entering the dhaama or sheltered asrama for arjava, upright meditation on the absolute. Teaching is the main focus of a BRAHMIN once the aspects of jnana are in his sight. ...THE MAIN QUALITIES OF A BRAHMIN... SADHARANA DHARMA dhrti patience, ksama forgiveness, dama self-control, ateya nonstealing, sauca cleanliness, indriyanigraha control of the senses, dhi intellect or wisdom, vidya learning, satya truthfulness, akrodha absence of anger

finding restraint or the avoidance of sucana insinuation, harsa anger or exultation, rosa grumbling, dambha covetousness or delusion, droha malice, kama untruth, anatmyam neglect to keep the senses in order, ayogah neglect to concentrate the mind in the DHARMA SRADDHA... bhutahitatva, seeking the good of creatures the tortoise, the blackbirds, or the whales visista devata bhakti working for prasad offered to the dieties Of the qualities of a KSATRIYA isvarabhava leadership or standing ones ground in battle is foremost, also note saurya heroism, teja vigour, dhrti steadiness, dhaksya being resourceful The ksatriya is a sheild of the spirit... The ultimate goal being peace... The path to attain VISVATMA or the cosmic soul... Tending to crops or working as a merchant being the main focus of the VAISYA... The SUDRA is asked to work for the pinnacle three... As I wrote notes on a legal pad. I found someone chanting next to the tulasi garden to guide me. Even as I strive to fit the mold I find someone else will somewhere along the lines to hit me with a hammer, and chisel. Someone else is the scultpter. I notice even if I think I measure up to all of the aspects of character I strive to achieve I see that I will fail alone. SADHANA is something I am working at improving on. Noticing the flowers buding in a tree above the tulasi garden someone pointed out

that one of the trees is the same strain of tree the BUDDHA once meditated next to. To escape our mind we draw on our ki or lifeforce to maintain our prana or find light in the spadelike leaves of the boddhi tree. The mind is a treasure chest. The nerve endings grow like trees even sprouting leaves or flowers... OM VISHNU PADME

Paintings in our Minds The subconscious mind is a powerful thing. Our subconscious mind has all sorts of hidden paths to it. To some extent it can unlock doors into the past that can in fact allow us to gain perspective on ourselves and also give us the center of being we sought after all along. If something was lost or is brought forward in a surreal form are the neuropaths of the brain working alone or is the scorceror of the mind the source of our creation? The source of our thoughts or the visions or images we see in our dreams is something larger than we are. The things we forget that are brought forward are of the source. This must be so! If something we see is an elaborate pattern of visions that are in fact something out of this world we know the thoughts flow from a source larger than the

capacities of the mortal mind. Our subconscious can serve as a guidebook for us if we are able to first sure up the conscious mind. Once we are of a sound mind when we are awake and are able to maintain it, the thoughts or visions we have in our sleep will fall into place. Somehow all of the sudden things will make sense. Once we center ourselves through our practice of meditation we are able to balance ourselves on a larger scale if we work at it enough. Our meditation is a process of healing. The core of our imagination is also of the absolute or the source of all that we know. One question we can notice is where are the images or actual thoughts contained? The soul is the source of the mind or all thought as we know it so we can consider the mind to be the window to the soul. Our thoughts can sometimes be so surreal we know it is the spring of the absolute that is creating the paintings in our minds. How can the mind work alone? If we go back to the drawing board we know that if we want the source to work for us, be it Krishna or the Tao we must be working towards the absolute itself. If we work for the source it will give back to us.



The Cosmic Mist …staring out into the cosmos one night the mind showed me its magic the horizon in full sight

…I saw the world in motion with atoms in plain sight

…as I watched the wind drifting in all directions around me as the

moonlight made the earth bright I realized the material world is an illusion seeing into the cosmic creation of a universe of light

…it made me think of Krishna he who paints the night

…in the ocean of Vishnu the most surreal creatures reside

…out of this world of an age of the past

…out of his lotus petals came a world so vast

…creation is his aftermath

…a world so real

…a world so vast

…seeds grow into seedlings

…seedlings grow into plants

…the light glows like a beacon on a mountain of mist

…the light is so bright even in the fog it is in plain sight as far out on the horizon or in the surrounding foothills as someone can see

…the cosmic element of the sun the potent source of our energies

…Radha the one who makes Krishna potent

…the spring of all of his energies

Jigsaw Puzzle the jigsaw puzzle how did it form now it all fits in place the rainfall the plants of the earth the cold water springs the favoring wind

the cosmic mist climbing a ladder each stone overturned in the last chapter we find our resolve the lantern is lit light upon light it all forms one painting once the moon is full again we will gather ourselves to move on

our black cat Kali our black cat kali wincing at me the sweat bee is going to sting me i need fertilizer for the tomato plants i just agitated all of the roots pollen drifting through the air nectar for the hummingbirds does a bee buzz faster?

the bird itself paint the image of a bird dog in a field or along the edge of a river the dog is running all over laughing there is nothing the dog wants to do more than to fetch a bird the dog is content chasing birds that is what the dog is or what the dog lives for the bird itself is the reward we can look at work the same





Kamala at the edge of the cold mountain stream barefoot sifting for flatstones to find Govinda the awakening again the laughter of the blackbirds the leaves buding the lotus petals sprouting the source of inertia the shadow of the moonlight meditation or flat stones ablaze in laughter the fire of the sun the rising fog

the chill of the rain the core of the Earth

Fir Trees the mind is a treasure chest the nerve endings grow like tree branches even sprout leaves or flowers sometimes old trees are removed and new ones grow i fell through a rabbit hole once a vast abstraction i thought i had to climb out to amazement after the fall to find an entire new plain once i came to after the fall through the Earth i awoke in pine needles at the foot of a christmas tree standing up to find row after row of fir trees

RADHA KRISHNA SEVA someone walked over a lit candle in a brass anvil to greet me asking the plant to forgive again on most mornings i ask krishna to turn the plant back into sita the faint light is enough if we are content as a plant someone will walk the plant outside once the sun is out pale lime green leaves it was once a sprout in the garden a bottle of water for a foliar mist

ADRIFT the falconer called on the falcon for his spate on a leaf go to the queen the falcon soared into the clouds in a rattle on the pounce of a rival falcon cascade to a stream one of the fisherman to find a little girl on the inhale of a fish a mist of rain in the forest the tremble of the insects the quaver of the parrot finch in the sprouting trees the sun over the horizon the sacred mantra adrift in the wind

to the shore choked with ashes the fate of the gazelle out of the fire five pillars the epic battle

the Sui The Western Jin gained control of the Yangzte with the fleet it had of warships in 279. The Sui founder Yang Jain followed the path of the Jin building a fleet of ships on his own. The Sui of the northern region planned an attack on the southern Chen Empire. The preparations for the attack began in 587. Most of the boats were built in Yong'an on the Yangtze. The larger warships could transport up to 800 men. The smaller vessels called the Yellow Dragons carried up to 100 men. In the fall of 588 the Sui armies were in place on the north side of the Yangtze, and on the Han River. Yang Jain had 518,ooo men broken into eight divisions. Chen soldiers were estimated at 100,000 men. The fleet at Yong'an made the first offensive. Yang Su took his men downstream to find 100 Green Dragon class warships. Yang Su decided to attack the Chen fleet at night. The attack worked, and Yang Su, and his men continued to fight to advance downriver. Chen Huiji attempted to bring 30,ooo men along with a thousand ships down the Yangtze to stop the fall of Jainkang. Yang Su, son of Yang Jain commanded the Sui fleet on the Han River. The Sui forces on the Han River sailed to the Yangtze to stop Chen Huiji. Jainkang fell to the Sui. Yang Su let the Chen soldiers he captured go. The earlier empires of the Western Wei, and the northern Zhou made tens of thousands of southerners slaves. The Sui attempted to be fair and to use restraint to win over the people of the south. The Sui made it a point not to exploit the Chen people after the war. Yang Jain who was a major factor in the unification of China was brought up in a Buddhist temple. Yang Jain was from the Han region. He claimed to be the legitimate Han heir. He led the conquest into the south against the Chen. It were his accomplishments as a warrior the became his main claim to fame. Buddhists were not accepted under the rule of the northern Zhou. Under the his reign Buddhists were granted new freedom. Confucians are adament about ones elders or ancestors.

Going through austerities or sacrifices is part of Confucian custom. The new emperor allow for the customs to be carried out. The emperor brought about the law of avoidance to prevent an official from serving in their region of origin. The law of avoidance forced officials in power to branch out, and adapt to new locations. The concept was to expand the Sui influence in the new unified China. The integration of officials into the various main regions of China contributed to the cause. Following Yang Jain was his second son who became know as the Yangti emperor. Yang-ti took over for his father in 604. Under the rule of Yang-ti a series of canals were built continuing the progression of China. The Sui conquest left China divided. The Buddhist monks were well respected in southern China under the rule of the Chen. Emperor Yang-ti made an effort to make peace with the southern monks. Yangti built new temples for the Buddhist in Chiang-tu. The emperor also ordered Buddhist scriptures to be copied into books for the new temples to prevent them from getting lost. Yang-ti built Toaist temples in his southern Capital as well. The emperor invited Confucian intellects that served under the Chen to the temples to add to the perspective of the Buddhist or Taoist scholars. Yang-ti gave a large vegetarian feast for a thousand southern monks in Chiang-tu in 591. Chiang-tu became the most active place in southern China. It was in Chiang-tu where the most interactions of scholars in China took place. At the time the Turks in the west were a threat as were the Koreans to the east. Koguryo Korea showed little respect for the empire. Sui advancement against Korea encountered all sorts of trouble in the Yellow Sea. Once the ships got to the capital the Korean forces fell back, then lured the Sui past the outer walls. A Koruryo force of men hid in a Buddhist temple then attacked the Sui soldiers driving them back to their ships. Korean commanders were able to lure the Sui force in. Sui forces were forced to fall back. Emperor Yang-ti insisted on regrouping his forces to go back to Korea again. The Sui attempted an all out assault failing on the next attack again. The Koreans were able to defend against all of the Sui moves. After the Sui fled the Koguryo followed them ambushing several thousand stragglers near the Liao River. The loss was the main reason for the fall of the Sui Empire.

recapturing Crete A warrior who lost his men wandered off into a canyon in a foreign land. He traveled there to fight against invading armies who attacked the natives. Several ships went ashore. The men left the boats on the northern shore then hiked into the mountainside to assist the outnumbered natives. Most of the fleet went to the mainland to back up struggling forces there. The forces who went ashore made a big mistake finding a scattered outnumbered force that was in fact in trouble. Four ships went ashore, it was a small group of crusaders. The two larger ships had a crew of 80 men. The smaller boats carried just 42 men. A limited number of skilled knights went to attempt to drive the Arab invaders off the island to save the warriors attempting to hold on to the island. After finding a group of stragglers who fled into the mountains after a severe battle where the men of Crete lost most of their force. The crusaders were filled in on the intricacies of the situation. The men split up into four groups, a division from each ship. One went back to the north shore to hold the ships taking the stragglers back from the mountains along who were in need of rest to regain their strength. One group of men hiked towards western Crete where the worst battle took place. Another went into the mountains to find more of the scattered men who were attempting the reorganize. The third group went east where the men who went back to the boats were planning to take harbor after sailing the ships around the island. The plan was for one division to scout out the western side of the island where the Arab force was encamped. The division that went

into the mountainside planned on finding the displaced Cretes' in order to take them to the eastern shore to regroup. Those who went west wanted to avoid the Arabs until all of the men could gather together on the eastern part of the island allowing a larger more organized planned attack against the enemies to be set into action. At first the crusaders who went into the mountains found Cretes' attempting to bring their men back together either to fight or escape the Arabs armies that outnumbered them. The Crusaders took charge of tactics since their wit was more in control than the Crete warriors who were unable to keep the bearings of their minds as a result of their loss. The division located a number of small groups of men on their trek bringing the remaining men together. The Cretes' spoke of the battle in great fear. The Arabs were looking for those who remained alive. Those who went west faced the greatest danger. The men of Crete fought well except the attacking armies were too great in number. Those who were recovered were tired laking focus all attempting to regroup on their own before the crusaders arrived. The crusaders led them to the eastern shore where the ships were making port. The men who went west got into skirmishes against small Arab divisions winning on their overall fighting skill and tactic. Concealed at first after finding the main force of Arabs on the coast, the men were then ambushed. One man survived. He fought along side of his men after getting ambushed in a ravine. He fell off a rock face in the fight ending up in the river below. As he surfaced he was taked downstream in the fastcurrent of the rapids. He struggled for his breath as he battled the raging water. Further downstream he reached the shore where he climbed up on a river rock to recover, amazed to be alive. The battle was out of his sight now. His men were lost. The archers took man after man in the begining of the sqirmish though the knights kept coming. Unable to hold the enemies off the band of knights was overtaken as the Arabs charged in.

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