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Examples negative I don't work. He doesn't work. I don't go. Examples interrogative Do I work? Does he work? Do I go?
Signal words Use something happens repeatedly every day sometimes always how often something happens one action follows another things in general after the following verbs (to love, to hate, to think, etc.) future meaning: timetables, programmes something is happening at the same time of speaking or around it
Simple often Present or usually Present Simple seldom never first ... then
infinitive he/she/it + -s He goes. He doesn't go. Does he go?
I'm working. He's working. I'm going.
I'm not working. He isn't working.
Am I working? Is he working?
now Present at the Progressive or moment Present Continuous Look! Listen!
to be future (am/are/is) meaning: when + infinitive + you have -ing already decided and arranged to do it (a fixed plan, date) action took place in the past, mostly connected with an expression of time (no connection to the present) an action happened in the middle of another action
I'm not going. Am I going?
He isn't going. Is he going?
last ... Simple Past or Past Simple ... ago in 1990 yesterday
I worked. regular: infinitive + He worked. -ed irregular: 2nd column of I went. table of irregular He went. verbs I was working. He was working. I was going.
I didn't work. Did I work? He didn't work. I didn't go. He didn't go. I wasn't working. He wasn't working. I wasn't going. He wasn't going. I haven't Did he work? Did I go? Did he go? Was I working? Was he working? Was I going?
Past Progressive or while Past Continuous
was/were + someone was infinitive + doing sth. at a -ing certain time (in the past) - you do not know whether it was finished or not you say that have/has +
He was going. I have
Was he going?
since for recently action began in the past and has just the whole day stopped all day I have been working. Had he been going? will . I won't go. other: the participle* action which I had gone. I hadn't gone. I have been going. the table of other action irregular He had gone. Had I gone? He hadn't gone. two actions in a story are He had related to each had + past worked. going? He hadn't been going. Will I work? Will he work? Will I go? Will he go? 2 . sth. Has he been working? Present Perfect Progressive or Present how long Perfect Continuous since for have/has + how long the been + action has been infinitive + happening -ing emphasis: length of time of an action I haven't been Have I been going. will happen) you decide to do sth. I'll go.future I won't work. I haven't gone.worked. worked? Has he worked? Have I gone? *(infinitive + -ed) or (3rd column of action started table of in the past and irregular continues up to verbs) the present He has gone. Had he been working? I hadn't been Had I been going. Had he gone? Past Perfect Progressive or since Past Perfect Continuous for how long how long something had He had been been had + been + working. up to now. He has been working. had already *(infinitive + happened is -ed) or (3rd put into Past column of Perfect. He won't go. working? He hadn't been working. He'll work. worked. He hadn't worked. past participle* I have gone. going? He hasn't been going. yet never ever Present Perfect or Present Perfect already so far. into Simple verbs) Past the past of the Present Perfect I had been working. happened He had been going. Has he gone? I haven't been Have I been working. He hasn't gone. spontaneously at the time of speaking. working? He hasn't been working. He has been going. predictions about the future (you think that sth. He won't work. happening infinitive + before ing I had been something else going. I hadn't been Had I been working. He'll go. has happened or is finished in the past and it has a connection to the present He has worked. you haven't made a will + infinitive I'll work. Has he been going? Had I worked? Had he worked? Simple Past Perfect or Past Perfect (Simple) already just never mostly when I had worked. I hadn't worked. He hasn't worked.
to work. work? going to future He's going to He's not going Is he going to work. participle* sth. length of time of an action I would be I wouldn't be Would I be working. He won't be working. This action has begun before the certain time. He wouldn't go. go? He's going to He's not going Is he going to go. Will he have He won't have been been working. working? He'll have been working. verbs) I won't have worked. work? I'm going to go. worked? I won't have gone. been going. working? Will I have been working? I'll have been I won't have going. I won't be going. that might would + be + I would be happen infinitive + working. working? I wouldn't work. *(infinitive + before a certain -ed) or (3rd I'll have time in the column of gone. Will I have gone? He won't have Will he have gone. to go. He wouldn't work. I'm not going Am I going to to work. gone? Future Perfect Progressive or Future Perfect Continuous sth. Will I be working? Will he be working? Will I be going? Future Progressive or Future Continuous will + be + infinitive + ing I'll be going. I won't be working. I would go. Would I go? Conditional Progressive or Conditional Continuous sth. Something happens because it normally happens. will already He'll have have happened worked. future table of He'll have irregular gone. He won't be going. in be the future (am/are/is) + going to + what you think infinitive what will happen An action will be in progress at a certain time in the future. Would I work? Would he work? Would he go? sth.decision before main clause in when you have already decided to do sth. He'll have been going. He'll be going. go? I'll be working. will already have happened before a certain time in the will + have + future been + infinitive + ing emphasis: length of time of an action Will I have I'll have been I won't have been working. Would he be working? I wouldn't be Would I be 3 . I'm not going Am I going to to go. Will I have worked? He won't have Will he have worked. I would work. Will he be going? Simple Future Perfect or Future Perfect Simple will + have + I'll have past worked. He would work. been working. I'm going to work. He would go. that might happen Conditional Simple would + main clause in infinitive type II of the Conditional sentences I wouldn't go. He'll be working. working? He wouldn't be working. Will he have He won't have been been going. ing He would be emphasis: working.
going? Would he be going? I wouldn't Would I have have worked. I wouldn't I would have have been been going. working. He would have been going.) infinitive + ing emphasis: length of time of an action I wouldn't I would have have been been working. have worked? I would have I wouldn't gone. that might have happened in the past would + have (It's too late + been + now. We did not list signal words in the future tenses as there are no definite ones. going.) -ed) or (3rd column of main clause in table of type III of the irregular if clauses verbs) I would have worked. Some signal words can be found in more tenses.going. would + have sth. He wouldn't have been going. He wouldn't have gone. that might + past have happened participle* in the past (It's too late *(infinitive + now. We sometimes use Continuous instead of Progressive. worked? Conditional Perfect He would He wouldn't Would he have worked. 4 . have gone. have worked. He wouldn't have been going. He wouldn't be going. Always remember what action is described. He would have gone. He would have been going. Would I have gone? Would I have gone? Would I have been working? Would he have been working? Would I have been going? Would he have been going? Conditional Perfect Progressive or Conditional Perfect Continuous sth. going. He would be going.
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