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Acta Fish. Aquat. Res.

(2017) 5 (3): xvii-xx
DOI 10.2312/ActaFish.2017.5.3.xvii-xx
NOTA CIENTÍFICA Acta of Acta of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources

First record in South America of Didymocylindrus filiformis (Digenea,
Didymozoidae) infecting the gills of Skipjack tuna Katsuwonus pelamis

Primeiro registro na América do Sul de Didymocylindrus filiformis (Digenea, Didymozoidae)
infectando as brânquias de Bonito listrado Katsuwonus pelamis

Claudio Giovanio da Silva*1, Erivaldo Laurindo Gomes2, Naibe Cristina de Figueiredo2,
José Ticiano Arruda Ximenes de Lima1
1
Centro de Ciências Agrárias, Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido - UFERSA
2
Pós-Graduação em Produção Animal, Universidade Federal Rural do Semi-Árido - UFERSA
*Email: giovaniosl@bol.com.br

Recebido: 18 de julho de 2017 / Aceito: 18 de outubro de 2017 / Publicado: 17 de dezembro de 2017

Abstract Parasites are excellent biological Resumo Os parasitos são excelentes indicadores
indicators to investigate the ecology, migration and biológicos para investigar a ecologia, migração e
population structure of marine organisms, and the estrutura populacional de organismos marinhos, e
geographical distribution of Didymozoidae family a distribuição geográfica da família Didymozoidae
is unfamiliar and the identification taxonomic of não é familiar e a taxonomia de identificação de
specimens of parasites in this family is very espécimes de parasitas desta família é muito difícil
difficult to be determined due to their morphology de ser determinada devido à sua morfologia ser
being unfavorable for the activity of parasite desfavorável para a atividade de identificação de
identification. This study reports, for the first time parasitária. Este estudo relata, pela primeira vez na
in South America, Didymocylindrus filiformis on América do Sul, Didymocylindrus filiformis no
skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) in Brazil. The bonito listrado (Katsuwonus pelamis) em águas do
results showed a prevalence of 22.5% of the Brasil. Os resultados mostraram uma prevalência
parasite D. filiformis in the branchial chamber of its de 22,5% do parasita D. filiformis na câmara
host (skipjack tuna-K. pelamis) on new geographic branquial do seu hospedeiro (bonito listrado-K.
area. pelamis) na nova área geográfica de ocorrência.
Palavras-chave: Parasite, Didymozoidae, South Palavras-Chave: Parasito, Didymozoidae, América do
America, Fish host, New geographic area Sul, Peixe hospedeiro, Nova área geográfica

ISSN: 2357-8068
Indexadores: Sumários (www.sumarios.org) - Diretórios: Diadorim (Diadorim.ibict.br) - Latindex (www.latindex.org)
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In the laboratory were conducted necropsies in the hosts the search for parasites following the standard techniques. The ecological indexes parasitological. D. D. 2016. The parasites found were labelled (the host number. fusiformis. opercularis.. place and date of collection). Pozdnyakov & Gibson. cylindricus. reporting for the first time in South America the record of this species parasite Katsuwonus pelamis in the waters of the Southwest Atlantic Ocean. D. The identification of fish has been confirmed using the identification key of the species of Scombridae family. D. found predominantly in tropical and subtropical waters (Justo et al. Mele et al.. migration and population structure of marine organisms. showing the Rio Grande do Norte region and the sampling site. pharyngi. Fish and squid have been reported as intermediate hosts of juvenile Didymozoids (Pozdnyakov & Gibson.. having as definitive hosts mainly to families Scombridae. attachment area. All fish collected were subjected to analyses meristic and morphometric measurements. they were acquired in the fishing region of Rio Grande do Norte. (2017) Acta of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources Introduction Parasites are excellent biological indicators to investigate the ecology. D. 1) specimens of Skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis). such as prevalence (percentage of infected hosts). Exocoetidae. D. mean intensity (average number of parasites per infected host) and mean abundance (average number of parasites per host). 2014. 2005). (2017). D. The trematods of the Didymozoidae family are parasites of marine fish. (2017) and Ruiz-Torres et al. The geographical distribution of these parasites in marine environments is unfamiliar and the identification taxonomic of specimens of parasites in this family is very difficult to be determined due to their morphology being unfavorable for the activity of parasite identification (Mele et al. simplex. Melo et al.. northeast of Brazil (Southwest Atlantic Ocean) (Fig. singularis. 2013. The digenetics of the Didymozoidae family were prepared as permanent brackets following standard protocols and were deposited in the UFERSA's Aquatic Sanity Laboratory collection. Map of South America highlighting Brazil. sphyraenae and D. The gills of all specimens were excised and processed. weight (in grams) and sexed (males and females). which included Ishii (1935) and Pozdnyakov & Gibson (2008). Serranidae and Sphyraenidae. xviii . 2008). 2012). 1758 (Osteichthyes: Scombridae) is an opportunistic predator that inhabits the warm and tropical temperate waters of all the oceans (Mele et al. 2008). This study aimed. 2008). The parasites were identified with appropriate taxonomic references to the species. Material and Methods Between December/2015 and November/2016. this due to its ecological ubiquity and the restricted dependence on its hosts (Whiteman & Parker. filiformis. 2014). these are: Didymocylindrus apharyngi. Figure 1. The genus Didymocylindrus has worldly described eleven (11) species. gasteralis.. photographed and packed in glass tubes with 70% ethanol. D. and are also successfully used to clarify the relationships taxonomic between hosts (MacKenzie & Abaunza. the contribution to the increase in knowledge and expansion of the geographical distribution of the parasite Didymocylindrus filiformis. were calculated according to Kvach et al. mainly registering the length (in millimeters). D. The skipjack tuna Katsuwonus pelamis Linnaeus. trilobatus.Silva et al.

. Until this present study... Torticaecum and Neotorticaecum (Didymozoidae: Digenea). J. & Kohn.0 mm (mean 553. (2005). was originally described in the Pacific Ocean by Ishii (1935) parasitizing Katsuwonus pelamis and Thunnus orientalis. 1888). Knoff. thynnus. Juvenile didymozoids of the types. C. A.1017/S0022149X10000507 Ishii. mean intensity (1. No significant differences were encountered (P > 0.. xix . Studies on the family Didimozoidae (Monticelli. Rev.2). L. but due to the high values of prevalence in K. M. Zool.)(Scombridae). & Luque. pelamis) captured in waters of the coast of Rio Grande do Norte. 2012. filiformis. 6. Mele et al. there was no significant correlation between the intensity of the infection and the size or sexes of the host. 15. 2011). have presented minimum length values of 423.28). Acknowledgments Thanks to Marcia Avelino Coelho for auditing the study. and infects more than one host species (Mele et al. no species D. minimum weight of 940. (1935).. A new genus and species of the Didymozoidae (Digenea) from the skipjack tuna Katsuwonus pelamis (L. Didymozoidae (Digenea) parasites of Scombridae (Actinopterygii) from Rio de Janeiro coast. pelamis. this parasite is characterized as specific for this species although it may occasionally infect other tunas (Ishii. Ecologia das Comunidades de Metazoários Parasitos de Cinco Espécies de Escombrídeos (Perciformes: Scombridae) do Litoral do Estado do Rio de Janeiro.. filiformis had been notified in Brazil or South America. Justo..3 and ±standard deviations 69. M. Lester et al.8 g and a maximum of 10100.3) and mean abundance (0.0 g (M 3287. although this species is common parasitizing K. Fonseca. porting this is the first record of this parasite infesting natural host skipjack tuna in a new geographic area. Systematic Parasitology.. 195–201. C. M. N. from new marine fish hosts (Pisces: Teleostei) in the neotropical region of Brazil. & Gomes. G.4). being Didymocylindrus filiformis..0 mm and maximum of 800. 2012). The ecological indexes of this parasite in skipjack tuna parasitological were prevalence (22. Justo & Kohn (2005) and Justo et al. The fauna parasites Didymozoidae of the gills of skipjack tuna (K. Jap. & Čanković. This study contributes to increasing the knowledge and the new geographical distribution of D... pelamis and Mladineo. C. R. (2012) in the Mediterranean Sea. (1985) reported this species in the Caribbean in K. N. D. Bras. Parasitol. The studies that have already reported the occurrence of this parasite. Most of the skipjack tuna parasites presents a wide geographic area. A. 333–338. (2011). 1935. and to the UFERSA for technical and scientific support. N. 2008). In South America. 279–335. 270–275.Silva et al. (2017) Acta of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources Results and Discussion The specimens of skipjack tuna (n 102) acquired between the months of collecting. The species described in this study (Didymocylindrus filiformis) for the first time in South America. C. To CNPq (Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico) and CAPES (Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior) for financial support granted to post-graduation and graduation programs. & Čanković (2008) in Mediterranean parasitizing Thunnus thynnus. M. References Alves. 2012. 1985. Lester et al. Pinto. pelamis. The species was identified according to Ishii (1935) and Pozdnyakov & Gibson (2008).. 2008) in the Atlantic Ocean and Mele et al. M. Zoociências.3 and ± SD 1545. pelamis) had already been described by Alves & Luque (2006). Bras.. Vet.5%). Didymocylindrus filiformis has not yet been registered in South America. there are a small number of species reported. Brasil. C. & Kohn.05) of prevalence and mean intensity between the sexes and sizes of hosts. Justo. thus this study recorded the occurrence of the metazoan digenetic hosting skipjack tuna (K. (2006). J. R. 167–181. northeast of Brazil (Southwest Atlantic Ocean). Rev. an ecological relationship is observed between D.. pelamis and T. 85(3). Mladineo. Brazil. 81(3). Felizardo. Justo. N. Journal of Helminthology. doi: 10. Žilić. (2012). 7(2). filiformis and the species of host- fish K. and a total of 54 males and 48 females. in contrast to well-studied regions of the Pacific Ocean (Felizardo et al. being found from Ecuador to the temperate latitudes of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. mainly in Southwest Atlantic Ocean. (2013. Žilić. D.. M.

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