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Salvador, Gian Karlo C.

2015727641 / AR301 / BGTECH 3

Mechanical System Drawing

Mechanical systems drawing is a type of technical drawing that shows information

about heating, ventilating, and air conditioning.[1] It is a powerful tool that helps analyze
complex systems. These drawings are often a set of detailed drawings used for construction
projects; it is a requirement for all HVAC work. They are based on the floor and reflected
ceiling plans of the architect. After the mechanical drawings are complete, they become part
of the construction drawings, which is then used to apply for a building permit. They are also
used to determine the price of the project.
 New dwellings require:
– heating/cooling load calculations
– duct layout
– complete mechanical layout and the equipment list (type and size) including exhaust
system for kitchen, baths and dryer, venting systems and combustion make up air for fuel-
burning appliances prepared and signed by a licensed HVAC contractor, or architect or
mechanical engineer with sealed drawings.
 For alterations or additions to existing dwellings, the same requirements apply. However, the
applicant has the option of attaching the Mechanical Plan Requirement Waiver form, signed
by the property owner, to all sets of drawings. This allows the required information to bypass
mechanical plan review and be reviewed at a later date by the field inspector at the time of
the mechanical inspection.
 When adding or replacing exterior units, a scaled, certified plat is required. It must clearly
indicate the location of the new or replacement unit(s).


Sketch drawing
Line diagrams and layouts indicating basic proposals, location of main items of plant, routes
of main pipes, air ducts and cable runs in such detail as to illustrate the incorporation of the
engineering services within the project as a whole.
Schematic drawing
The schematic is a line diagram, not necessarily to scale, that describes interconnection of
components in a system. The main features of a schematic drawing show:

 A two dimensional layout with divisions that show distribution of the system between
building levels, or an isometric-style layout that shows distribution of systems across
individual floor levels
 All functional components that make up the system, i.e., plant items, pumps, fans, valves,
strainers, terminals, electrical switchgear, distribution and components
 Symbols and line conventions, in accordance with industry standard guidance
 Labels for pipe, duct, and cable sizes where not shown elsewhere
 Components that have a sensing and control function, and links between them—building
management systems, fire alarms and HV controls
 Major components, so their whereabouts in specifications and other drawings can be
easily determined


 Size, type, and layout of ducting

 Diffusers, heat registers, return air grilles, dampers
 Turning vanes, ductwork insulation
 HVAC unit
 Thermostats
 Electrical, water, and/or gas connections
 Ventilation
 Exhaust fans
 Symbol legend, general notes and specific key notes
 Heating and/or cooling load summary
 Connection to existing systems
 Demolition of part or all of existing systems
 Smoke detector and firestat re-ducting
 Thermostat programming
 Heat loss and heat gain calculations
 Special condition[1]
HVAC duct layout