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The Property Owner’s

Resource Guide
For Those Who Own Property or
Are Considering Purchasing Property
in Cook County

Paul Sundberg

A Reference Guide to
Cook County Land Use
(See Official Ordinances for specific details on land use in Cook County)

Planning & Zoning Department,
Cook County Courthouse, Grand Marais, MN

January 2007

www.co.cook.mn.us
Information & Who to Contact

Land Use Permits/Grade and Fill Permits/ Water Quality Protection
Stormwater & Erosion Control/Sub-Dividing Lan d Livestock manure, pesticides, sediment, erosion and shoreline
Before building a driveway or building on land in Cook County, stabilization concerns.
contact the Cook County Planning and Zoning Department to obtain * Cook County Soil & Water............................................ 218-387-3047
zoning requirements and information. If you are in the city limits of * Cook County Water Plan .............................................. 218-387-3048
Grand Marais, contact the City Clerk.
* Cook County Planning & Zoning Department .......... 218-387-3630 Water Quality
* Grand Marais City Clerk ................................................ 218-387-1848 Testing services, pollutants and spills that may impact both environ-
www.co.cook.mn.us/zoning/index.html ment and health.
* Cook County Planning & Zoning.................................. 218-387-3632
Dri veway Access Permits
Permits are required before installing a culvert or constructing an Wetlands
access driveway off of a township, county or state road The Cook County Planning & Zoning office regulates activities in
* Cook County Highway Dept ........................................ 218-387-3014 wetlands and permits are required. You may also need permits from
* Grand Portage Land Use ................................................ 218-475-2415 local, state and federal governments for your projects.
* MN DNR ............................................................................ 218-353-7397 * Cook County Planning & Zoning.................................. 218-387-3634
* MN DOT (State) .............................................................. 218-387-3088 * Grand Marais City Clerk ................................................ 218-387-1848
* Schroeder TWSP Clerk .................................................. 218-663-8109 * US Army Corps of Engineers ........................................ 218-834-6630
* U.S. Forest Service Gunflint............................................ 218-387-1750 * DNR Division of Waters ................................................ 218-834-6623
* U.S. Forest Service Tofte.................................................. 218-663-7280 www.bwsr.state.mn.us/wetlands/index.html
www.co.cook.mn.us/zoning/index.html www.dnr.state.mn.us/waters/forms.html

Sewage Treatment Systems Utilities
State law regulates sewage treatment system installation, including Coordination of utilities installation.
separation distance from wells, buildings, and property lines. Cook * Arrowhead Electric Cooperative ................................ 218-663-7239
County has additional requirements and/or recommendations. * Grand Marais Public Utilities Commission ................ 218-387-1848
* Contact: Cook County Environmental Health .......... 218-387-3632 * Before digging call Gopher ONE .............................. 1-800-252-1166
www.co.cook.mn.us/zoning/index.html http://septic.umn.edu/ or go to: www.gopheronestatecall.org/

Water Wells Solid Waste Management
All wells must be registered with the State of Minnesota.Your well Household garbage, demolition material, demolition material,
driller should take care of your registration. household hazardous waste, recycling.
* Water Testing Kits: * Cook County Recycling Center.................................... 218-387-3044
Cook County Environmental Health ............................ 218-387-3632 * Gunflint Trail Transfer Station ........................................ 218-370-1216
* Minnesota Department of Health, * West End Transfer Station. No on-site phone............ 218-387-3630
Well Management Unit .................................................... 218-723-4653 www.co.cook.mn.us/zoning/index.html
Well Drillers
Look under Well Drilling and Services in the Yellow Pages. Fire Burning Permits
www.health.state.mn.us/divs/eh/wells If you plan to burn brush or grass on your property you are required
to obtain a burning permit before proceeding to burn. Be aware if you
Water Information cause an out of control fire, you are personally responsible for
Basic information on streams and lakes: www.minnesotawaters.org, the firefighting costs. Burning trash and use of burn barrels are illegal.
wrc.umn.edu/outreach or www.lakesuperiorstreams.org * MN DNR ............................................................................ 218-387-3937
* US Forest Service, Gunflint Ranger District .............. 218-387-1750
Public Waters * US Forest Service,Tofte Ranger District .................... 218-663-7280
Permits are needed for docks, culverts, beach development, stream / * Isak Hansen & Sons .......................................................... 218-663-7201
lakeshore stabilization and stream crossings when working in public * Local Fire Wardens
waters and/or wetlands. www.dnr.state.mn.us/forestry/fire/questons.html
* DNR Protected Waters Permits .................................. 218-834-6623
www.dnr.state.mn.us/permits/water/index.html Property Assessments / Ownership
Property classification, estimated market and assessed property values,
Surface Waters maps and current property ownership.
Before diverting, withdrawing, impounding or distributing any surface www.co.cook.mn.us/assessor/index.html
water you must obtain a water use permit.
* Minnesota DNR ................................................................ 218-834-6623 Recorded Documents
www.dnr.state.mn.us/permits/water/index.html Deeds, surveys, restrictive covenants, and property restrictions
* Cook County Recorder .................................................. 218-387-3660

Developed and funded by: This project was funded in part by the Coastal Zone Management
Cook County Soil and Water Conservation District Act, by NOAA s Office of Ocean and Coastal Resource Management,
in conjunction with Minnesota s Lake Superior Coastal Program.
With assistance from:
Cook County Planning & Zoning Department Writing and production:
Cook County Property Owners Resource Guide Committee Kathleen Preece,Write it Right, Bemidji
Brenda Cooke, Cooke Design, Duluth 2006 by Cook County

2
Table of Contents…
Zoning Districts ................................ 4
Buying/Building?
A check List ...................................... 5
Purchasing Property .......................... 6

Paul Sundberg
Building or Remodeling a Home ...... 7
Techniques for Better “Cook County offers pristine shores, amazing
Lot Layout and Design ...................... 8 forests, spectacular views, wild areas, and diverse
styles of living. The County leadership has acted in
Building a Driveway? ........................ 9 ways to enhance and protect these unique qualities.
They understand the need to develop. Regulations
Energy Efficiency &
are established, not to hinder progress, but to
Renewable Energy .......................... 10
protect what we all love, through the use of best
Water Supply.................................... 11 practices in design, during construction, and
through citizen education on issues such as
Individual Sewage low-impact development and sustainable living.”
Treatment Systems ........................ 12
Protecting Wetlands ........................ 14
So, You Own Property
On a Lake or Stream? .................... 16
Fire Safety and
Emergency Vehicle Access ............ 17
Keeping Records.............................. 19 Paul Sundberg

Emergency Phone Numbers .......... 20

List of Ordinances That May Apply to Your
Necessary Permits Land Development
A typical homeowner developing a new lot is • The Cook County Zoning Ordinance regarding set-
required to obtain a Land Use Permit, Septic back requirements and uses for your property
System Permit, Physical Address Permit, • The Cook County Subdivision Ordinance regarding
Stormwater Permit, Grade and Fill Permit, and the division of land
verification that the lot meets the criteria of the • The Cook County Stormwater Management
new Subdivision Ordinance from the Zoning Ordinance regarding erosion control and stormwater
Office. They will also likely need a well permit • Minnesota Chapter 7080 regarding individual sewage
and an electrical inspection from other agencies. treatment systems
• Minnesota Chapter 8420 regarding public waters and
wetland conservation
• U.S. Army Corp of Engineers regulations regarding
public waters and wetland conservation

3
Zoning Districts
Zoning Districts (Land Use Districts) define how land
in Cook County
may be used, such as the minimum size of lots, height of
structures, setbacks, and other features. The purpose of land
use planning is to provide for orderly development and to
minimize conflicts between incompatible uses.
Although lots as small as one or two installing a sewage treatment system. more parcels if one of the parcels is
acres are allowed, the majority of land less than a standard quarter section in
Subdivision Concerns
in Cook County is zoned for a minimum size (approximately 40 acres).
A property within a platted subdivision
lot size of 5, 10, and 20 acres. Each lot created for residential use
may have rules that govern the use of must meet the minimum lot size and
The Land Use Ordinance permits
the property which are additional to dimensions for the zone district it is
certain land uses in each district, such
the county zoning laws. These are typi- located in; have an area for construction
as residential or commercial. Additional
cally referred to as “covenants” and of a home-site that can be accessed and
uses (called conditional uses) may be
“restrictions,” and have been devel- developed meeting all minimum set-
permitted if the use is approved by a
oped and agreed upon by a property back requirements; avoid, minimize or
public hearing process.
owner’s association. Common exam- mitigate wetland impacts in accordance
Land use district maps are avail-
ples of such covenants and/or restric- with County, State and Federal wetland
able in the Cook County Planning &
tions are increased setbacks, architec- rules and laws; and be capable of sup-
Zoning Department located in the
tural review, and mandatory contribu- porting two standard septic systems as
courthouse in Grand Marais.
tion to road maintenance costs. defined by Minnesota 7080.
Land Use Permits Documents outlining these rules for a The full content of the Subdivision
Land use permits are issued for specific piece of property will be on Ordinance can be accessed at:
activities such as building a home or file with the Cook County Recorder. www.co.cook.mn.us/zoning/index.html
other structure, building an addition, Call 218-387-3660.
constructing a road, and soil disturbing Note: Subdivision Ordinance
activities such as grading, filling, and Highlights
excavating. Individual sewage treatment The subdivision ordinance applies
system permits are also required for to any division of land into two or

Chart of Residential Zoning District Requirements

FAR-1 Forest/Agriculture Recreation
FAR-2 Forest/Agriculture Residential
FAR-3 Forest/Agriculture Residential
LSR Lake Shore Residential
R-1 Single Family Residential
RC/R Resort Commercial/Residential
GC General Commercial

4
Are you considering buying/building?
A CHECK LIST
If you are considering buying land, use the Checklist in TRACK I. If you are buying land that has improvements on it
(a house or other structures) use TRACK II also.


TRACK I Checklist for undeveloped land TRACK II Checklist for developed property
Is your intended use permitted in the land use district? Do the improvements meet the minimum requirements of the
(Hint: Check with the Planning & Zoning Department to find the district zoning district?
and requirements)
❑ Yes ❑ No
❑ Yes ❑ No
Does the property have a sewage treatment system Certificate
Do you know where your property lines are?
of Compliance and evidence of regular cleaning?
(Hint: Check with the the Planning & Zoning Department for a list of (Hint: Although not required by Cook County, it is in the buyer’s best
surveyors). interest to insist on a sewage treatment system inspection prior to closing.)
❑ Yes ❑ No ❑ Yes ❑ No
Is the site appropriate for your intended use? Has the property had a recent drinking water quality test?
(Hint: Check on such details as the availability of utilities, legal road
access, proximity to the water table, and soil type. The basic soil type can ❑ Yes ❑ No
be determined by a licensed sewage treatment system installer.) Do you know the utilities and property tax costs for the prior
❑ Yes ❑ No two years?
Are there activities present or allowed in the area that may be ❑ Yes ❑ No
undesirable to you? (Consider gravel pits, dog kennels, dusty Have you met your potential neighbors?
roads). ❑ Yes ❑ No
❑ Yes ❑ No
Have you acquired necessary permits before starting your *Note: There can be serious consequences for wetland and other soil
project?* (Such as constructing an access road, building a disturbances. (Hint: contact the Planning & Zoning Department before
structure, or any soil disturbing activities). altering the property.)

❑ Yes ❑ No
Is your road maintained and
plowed by a governmental
agency?
❑ Yes ❑ No

Some commonly
asked questions
Q&
A
Q If I have a land use question, what can I bring in
to the Planning & Zoning Department to help get
Did you know?
• Land use is regulated through- repair work must be performed
an answer? out Cook County. by a sewage treatment system
A - Sketch of property contractor licensed in the State of
• A permit is required for the
- Photos Minnesota, and the permit must
construction of a building,
- Legal description of property be obtained jointly by the con-
addition, or other structure,
- Sewage treatment system information tractor and property owner.
as well as any soil disturbing
- Special features: topography, streams, activities such as grading, filling
drainageway, bluff, soils Generally, the first step in lot
or excavation.
development is to meet with a
Q Who handles land use disputes between neighbors? • Each newly created lot must contractor and arrange for a site
A Generally, legal disputes are civil matters have adequate sites for two evaluation to determine where
between individuals and need to be handled on sewage treatment systems. the sewage treatment system will
this basis. However, the Planning & Zoning be located. A land use permit
• A permit is required for sewage
Department can provide assistance on setbacks will not be issued until after the
treatment system installations
and other zoning requirements. Property line site is determined to have
and repairs. All installation and
disputes may require the use of a licensed land acceptable soils.
surveyor.

5
Purchasing Property
in Cook County

Setbacks Boundaries The soil type (or lack of soil) can affect
• When buying property, it is • Know your boundaries! All prop- the cost of building a home, as can the
important to be aware of required set- erty in Cook County has a legal descrip- topography of the land. Expense may be
back distances from roads, lakes, and tion, but not all the property has been incurred for grading, removing/adding
streams to find a suitable place for the surveyed. Do not rely on the county soil, and leveling rock. Remember, if you
home, driveways and sewage treatment plat book or USGS Quadrangle maps to are building on rock you probably won’t
system. The buyer should contact the show property lines. They are only a have a basement.
Planning & Zoning Department guide. The services of a land surveyor
(218-387-3630) for assistance in this. are highly recommended to find your No Service Zones
property boundaries if you are buying a • The Cook County Board of
Wetlands small lot or planning on building close Commissioners delineates portions of
• Wetlands are a welcomed amenity to a property boundary. Call the Cook Cook County as a No Service Zone. If
to many properties (and provide both County Planning & Zoning Department your property is in this zone, you are
aesthetic and hydrologic functions). They for a list of local surveyors. responsible for road plowing and
are also protected from alteration or maintenance. In addition, services
destruction. To help you determine the Hidden and ‘Other’ Costs such as school buses, electrical and
location of wetlands on your property • Consider some of the “other” and telephone lines, fire protection and
and to minimize wetland impacts, contact sometimes “hidden” costs, such as snow ambulance services may not be avail-
the Planning & Zoning Department. See removal services, the expense of getting able because of the remote setting of
Protecting Wetlands page 14. electricity to your site, high mainte- the property. The County may require
nance costs of private roads, the property owner to sign a waiver of
Utilities and distance to schools rights before any land use permits are
• Find out if (bus service is not issued in a No Service Zone. Many
utilities are avail- guaranteed). remote streams and lakes are located
able at the site. in the No Service Zone.

Federal Some commonly
70 percent
asked questions
Q Do I need to “tell” anyone I am building a
structure?
A Yes. You must obtain a land use permit from
State the Cook County Planning & Zoning
15 percent Department.
Cook
Q How do I know if my land is “buildable?”
County A This is determined by a number of fac-
Lan d Private tors, including how wet the site is, if your
Ownership 9 percent site is on rock, if the land can support a
structure and sewage treatment system,
and the minimum lot size. Structures and
City/ roads must also meet required setbacks.
Tax Forfeit/
County Tribal 5 percent
1 percent
6
Building or Remodeling a Home
in Cook County

Things to consider . . .
Choosing a location for your home “As is:” Other than the building site,
Whether you are landscaping your • hills and sloping areas what about the rest of the land?
property, building a cabin, or designing • drainage patterns • Consider limiting the amount of
a resort, each parcel of land has limita- • existing vegetation lawn on your property. Native vegeta-
tions and opportunities for develop- • wildlife habitat tion will lower maintenance while
ment. These may include the type of • land features (wetlands and rock enhancing aesthetics and habitat value.
soil, steep slopes, wetlands, native veg- outcrops) • Think about ways to landscape
etation, and other natural features. • water wells that can help maintain the quality and
The most important step in getting • underground cables (pipelines, aesthetics of the waters on your land.
started is to draw a detailed map of and overhead wires) • Consider retaining and planting
your property. Using a topographic native trees and shrubs that provide food
map will help. Note: These important “Potential:” and shelter for wildlife, buffer harsh
features may be accepted “as is,” or • sewage treatment sites winter winds and provide shade and
provide opportunities for change: • location of roads and driveways screening.
• water wells • Plan roads and driveways to follow
• underground cables, pipelines, contours of the land.
and overhead wires
• building sites

Q&
Q Do I need a land use permit to change
the size and shape of my house, includ-
vious surfaces. Impervious surfaces
include roofs, driveways, paved areas
A
Q Do I need to apply for homestead
classification on the home I just
ing a deck? and gravel roads. The property must be purchased or built?
A Yes. able to support two on-site sewage treat- A If you are a Minnesota resident, own
ment system sites and the use must be the property or are related to the
Q How far away from a lake or river does consistent with the uses permitted in owner, and occupy the property as
my structure need to be? your land use district. your primary place of residence; you
A Required setback distances vary should apply for homestead classifica-
depending on the classification of the Q Can a business be operated in my tion. Minnesota state law provides for
stream or lake. (See page 8). home? a reduction in the property tax for
A To establish a business in a residential homestead property. Contact the
Q Are there limits to the size of my home? zone, a conditional use permit may be County Assessor for an application.
A The maximum height of structures is required. Contact the Planning &
35 ft. There are building limitations on Zoning Department for details.
the amount of the lot covered by imper-

7
Techniques for Better Lot Layout & Design
in Cook County
Stormwater Management lands, and meadows as possible. erosion problems.
Stormwater runoff can be a major Natural areas generate less stormwater 3. Reduce Impervious Cover in
source of pollutants of lakes, streams, runoff, transport fewer pollutants, and Site Design – Reduce the total area of
and wetlands. On construction sites they help to maximize infiltration of rooftops, driveways, and sidewalks on
and adjacent to paved parking areas, water. a site without compromising safety or
for example, stormwater runoff water a. Protect natural stands of trees, violating local ordinances. Consider:
can transport contaminants and debris shrubs and grasses. a. Shorter driveways.
including oil, antifreeze, soil particles b. On disturbed areas, plant trees b. Smaller parking areas.
(sediment), pesticides, and nutrients. to re-establish forest cover. Trees help c. Slimmer sidewalks.
Naturally occurring landscapes by intercepting rainfall, maximizing d. Narrower streets.
including forests, wetlands, and grass- infiltration, and absorbing water. Following these recommendations
lands, trap rainwater and snowmelt, c. Leave a wide vegetative buffer may result in greater cost savings ini-
allowing the water to slowly filter into along streams and lakes to filter tially, lower maintenance costs in the
the underlying soil. Stormwater runoff stormwater runoff from disturbed future, and will help protect water
tends to reach lakes and streams more upland areas. quality by lessening the impacts of
slowly. 2. Distribute Runoff – Use stormwater runoff.
In contrast, when too much of the pervious (absorbent) areas such as
grass swales to help direct and filter
TECHNICAL DEFINITION
natural surface of a site is covered by
non-absorbent (impervious) surfaces runoff from roads and buildings. Stormwater – surface water runoff
such as roads, parking lots, and build- a. Stockpile topsoil and re-distrib- from rain or snowmelt.
ings, runoff does not slowly infiltrate ute over site following construction.
into the soil. During a storm, for exam- This will promote Installation of Erosion Control Blanket
ple, water remains on the surface, more vigorous plant
moves very quickly, and often, in large growth and encourage
amounts. This can lead to flooding, more effective infiltra-
erosion, and the transport of pollutants tion of runoff.
into lakes and streams. b. Direct concen-
Listed below are some techniques trated runoff into rain
and ideas on how to reduce impervi- gardens or natural
ous cover, conserve natural areas, and swales to naturally
protect water quality during lot layout infiltrate surface water.
and design. c. Place roads and
1. Preserve Natural Areas – buildings away from
From a stormwater standpoint, it is steep slopes where
desirable to maintain as much natural excess stormwater
vegetative cover such as forests, wet- runoff could lead to Rebecca Wiinanen

Stormwater Management in Cook County tion including sediment and nutrient transport, erosion, sur-
Cook County combines several programs to lessen the face-and sub-surface pollution, and the impacts of impervi-
impacts of construction activities on its surface and ground ous surfaces on water quality. More importantly, however,
waters. The Cook County Stormwater Ordinance regulates both programs identify tools a nd resources useful in effec-
projects as small as 1,000 square feet, while larger projects tively reducing negative impacts to Cook County waters.
(i.e. those greater than one acre) are regulated by the feder-
ally mandated National Pollutant Discharge Elimination
Online Resources:
System and the Clean Water Act, while state programs
Cook County Stormwater Management Ordinance
include the State Disposal System (SDS) and Stormwater
www.co.cook.mn.us/zoning/index.html
Pollution Prevention Plan (SWPP).
Stormwater Pollution Prevention Plan Application
Whether the areas impacted during construction are large
www.pca.state.mn.us/publications/
or small, however, maintaining the integrity of the environ-
wq-strm2-51.doc
ment is the responsibility of all. Proven erosion and sedi-
Erosion and Sediment Control
ment control measures, called Best Management Practices
www.pca.state.mn.us/water/pubs/
(BMPs) should be an important component of your construc-
swm-ch6.pdf
tion plans. BMPs include practices such as seeding and
Stormwater Best Management Practices (BMPs)
mulching disturbed areas, installing silt fence, and using
www.pca.state.mn.us/water/pubs/
rock check dams to slow water flow in ditches.
sw-bmpmanual.html
The County’s Stormwater Ordinance, the State’s SWPPP,
Cook County Soil and Water Conservation District
and incorporation of BMPs address issues contractors and
www.co.cook.mn.us/sw/wp/LWMPlanapprvd12-13-05.pdf
private landowners are likely to experience during construc-

8
Building a Driveway?
in Cook County

If you’re planning on constructing a slopes. If you must cross a hillside, fol- Rise x 100 = Percent Slope
road or driveway or having one con- low the contour of the slope to keep Run
structed for you, the following 12 rec- the road as level as possible. Avoid
ommendations will save you time and constructing roads directly downhill 1 x 100 = 8 Percent Slope
money in the long run. They will also towards a structure to minimize flood- 12
lower your maintenance, improve safe- ing potential.
ty, and protect water resources.
8% Slope Example
Recommendations:
1. Secure all necessary permits
BEFORE you begin work.
Checklist:
✓ Get a Grade and Fill Permit and
Stormwater Permit from the
Planning and Zoning Office and
check on setback distances from
streams and lakes. 3. Plan driveway finished grades of tion, use good fill material, compact
✓ Get a Driveway Access Permit from 8 percent or less for safety and ease soils well, keep water away from the
the Cook County Highway of access. Driveways steeper than 8 road, and design with room for winter
Department if your driveway percent will be more expensive to snow banks.
connects to a county road. construct, maintain and will be more
✓ Get a Driveway Access Permit from prone to erosion. They may also not 7. Maintain all natural waterways
the Minnesota Department of be accessible year-round. by installing properly-sized culverts.
Transportation if your driveway Consult your County Highway
connects to Highway 61. 4. Locate roads the proper setback Engineer for guidance on properly siz-
✓ Check to see if you need a Wetland distance away from lakes, ponds, and ing culverts and bridges for your site.
Permit from the Planning and streams (see Planning & Zoning Under-sizing either of these can result
Zoning Department. Office). If crossing a stream, check in an unsafe road surface or a com-
✓ Contact the Minnesota DNR for a with the DNR to see if you need a plete washout. Your County Highway
Water Permit application. DNR Waters Permit before you begin Engineer is also familiar with installing
✓ Call GOPHER State One-Call at work. If you must cross a waterway, culverts, tiling springs, crowning roads
(800) 252-1166 cross at a right angle. and minimizing problems from ice for-
✓ Complete a Physical Address mation. Also, it is not a good idea to
Application (911 Address) from the 5. Avoid wetlands! Filling or drain- build roads to function as dams since
Planning and Zoning Office. ing wetlands is regulated by state and the roadbed may become saturated
federal law and requires you to secure and fail.
2. Locate roads and driveways a permit if your project will disturb
away from steep wetlands. If wetlands cannot be avoid- 8. Crown roads and driveways to
ed, use geo-textile fabric under the move water off the road surface and
gravel base to increase the strength of install water bars on sloping roadways.
the underlying soils. Water bars are small raised ridges that
help to move water to the road ditches
6. During road construction, rather than allowing it to run the
remember to grub out stumps so they entire length of the slope.
don’t rot later and cause the road to
collapse. In addition to a firm founda- 9. Remember to build a wide
Continued on page 10

9
Questions?
Continued
from page 9 Zoning Regulations –
Planning and Zoning Office
218-387-3630
enough road with an
adequate turn around
Erosion Control –
area near your home
Soil & Water Conservation District
for emergency vehi-
erosion IF you have a safe, non-erodi- 218-387-3647
cle access. Excessively steep and nar-
ble outlet. Contact the Cook County Planning and Zoning Office
row driveways will limit the ability of
Soil & Water Conservation District for 218-387-3635
emergency vehicles to respond to your
home and may also make the road erosion control advice.
Culvert Design / Access Permit –
unsafe during poor weather conditions.
12. Call “GOPHER State One-Call” at Highway Department
least 48 hours before you do any exca- 218-387-3014
10. Finished road shoulder slopes
and back slopes should not be steeper vating. They will notify all under-
ground utilities in the area and ensure Water Permit – Minnesota DNR
than 2:1.
that work can proceed safely. 218-834-6623
11. Seed and mulch all disturbed
areas along new roads to minimize ero-
sion. If you have moderate to steep
Some commonly asked questions
slopes, remember to install rock check
dams in ditches to slow down water
runoff. You can also periodically route
Q& Q Do I need a permit to improve an existing driveway on my property?
A Yes, you will need a Grade and Fill permit (available from Cook
County Planning & Zoning Department). A follow-up field review
the water away from the road into
“run-out” ditches to avoid severe gully A will determine if there are any setback requirements, wetland
impacts, or other concerns.

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Renewable Energy
When building or renovating in Cook County, you have the Energy efficient homes in our climate are well insulated and
unique opportunity to affect the long-term durability, utili- have low air infiltration rates. By building an energy efficient
ty costs, and environmental impacts associated with your structure, it will be cost effective to provide some portion of
structure. Consider the following categories and what the your energy requirements through renewable resources
long term cost implications are when designing, building (wind, solar, biomass,etc.). If the heating, electrical, and
and operating your home: water requirements of the structure are reduced, renewable
• space heating energy may prove to be cost effective over the life of the
• electrical use structure. There are various state and federal rebates and
• water use incentives available for incorporating renewable energy into
• wastewater discharge new and existing homes. Rebates are also available through
• solid waste disposal Great River Energy with Arrowhead Electric cooperative
• material choices customers for solar electric systems.
Database of State Incentives
Energy and Water Use Efficiency
for Renewable Energy .................. www.dsireusa.org/
Focus on energy and water conservation first! Purchasing
Great River Energy ............ www.greatriverenergy.com/
the most energy efficient appliances, light bulbs, and fur-
partners/_images/gre_solar_fact_sheet.pdf
nace will have a significant impact on monthly utility bills
Arrowhead Electric Cooperative........ www.aecimn.com
and the environment. Programs like Energy Star and the
Water Saver Home provide a good starting Online Resources
point and guidance on conservation strategies. State of MN Sustainable
Energy Star .................................... www.energystar.gov Building Guidelines ..www.csbr.umn.edu/B3/site.html
Water Use ..............................................www.h2ouse.org U of M Sustainable Urban
Landscape Series.................... www.sustland.umn.edu
Passive Solar MN Office of Environmental Assistance
One of the most cost effective ways to reduce energy is to .......................... www.moea.state.mn.us/greenbuilding/
utilize passive solar design. The idea is to design for year- Energy and Environmental
round comfort by allowing the sun to assist in heating the Building Association .......................... www.eeba.org/
building in the winter and blocking it in the summer. Passive Duluth Energy Design Conference and Expo
solar design incorporates a number of factors, including: ........................................ www.duluthenergydesign.com
• orientation of the building Midwest Renewable Energy Association
• properly sized overhangs ................................................................ www.mrea.org
• ratios of windows to mass in the home
• placement or removal of trees On the Ground Assistance
Minnesota Power .......................... www.mnpower.com/ Look in the Yellow Pages under “Solar Products and
energyhome/docs/solar.pdf Energy Conservation” to find qualified contractors that spe-
cialize in these areas. If working with an architect, request
that these issues be addressed in the design of the home.

10
Water Supply
in Cook County

Jim Balfour
The Water Well minute, anything less than three gal- Contact the Cook County
While the water supplied by a pri- lons per minute could create problems Environmental Health Department at
vate well is not regulated, the design, for the homeowner unless a properly- 218-387-3632 for a water testing kit and
location, construction and abandon- sized storage tank is installed to meet instructions.
ment of the well is regulated by the your water needs during peak flows. Unfortunately, there are some
State of Minnesota. A private water areas along Lake Superior that have
well must be located and constructed Water Quality high levels of salt in their water.
to protect it from surface waters and A safe source of water should meet To safely use this water requires
from seepage from sources of contami- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency additional treatment.
nation. (See map on page 12) (EPA) primary drinking water stan- For additional information on the
dards. All private wells should be test- rules and regulations governing a pri-
Water Quantity ed by a certified, independent laborato- vate water well and for information on
The average person uses approxi- ry and results compared to EPA drink- water treatment options, contact the
mately 75 gallons of water per day. ing water standards. Two contaminants Minnesota Department of Health at
Water use does not occur evenly over of primary concern are coliform (218) 723-4653.
the course of a day. Water systems bacteria and nitrates.
must often meet the needs of many
uses during short periods of time.
These times, called “peak use periods”
Some commonly asked questions
Q&
usually last from 30 minutes to two
hours and usually occur near meal-
times, laundry periods, and before bed-
Q Do I need to “tell” anyone I am
constructing a well? www.extension.umn.
A
University of Minnesota
time.
A Yes, Contact the Minnesota edu/water/index.html
A water system must be able to
Department of Health, Well
meet both total gallons per day and
Management Unit at Q Can I use lake or river water (surface
peak use demands continuously for
(218) 723-4653 for a permit. Wells water) for my drinking water?
one or two hours. Wells should pro-
must be properly located (setbacks A All surface water supplies should
duce three to five gallons of water per
from sewage treatment systems be considered as unsafe for a
and structures) and installed by drinking water supply as they are


licensed well drillers. subject to bacterial and viral con-
tamination. There are many peo-
Check list Q I want the water in my well tested. ple in Cook County that do use
Who can do this for me? this resource with proper
❑ Is your drinking water well locat- A Water testing kits and further pre-treatment (filtration and
ed at least 100 feet from your information are available from the disinfection).
sewage treatment system? Cook County Planning & Zoning
Department. For additional infor-
❑ Do water tests confirm there is mation on water quality contact
no coliform bacteria or nitrate the Water Resources Center at the
contamination?
Helpful web sites:
❑ Is the well constructed by state www.extension.umn.edu/water
licensed well driller? www.extension.umn.edu/water/drinkingwater/index.html
www.extension.umn.edu/distribution/naturalresources/DD5941.html

11
Individual Sewage Treatment Systems (ISTS)
Most town and city dwellers rely on a public waste water treatment in Cook County
system for sewage management. While public waste water treatment
systems may be available to some rural dwellers, most rely on private
individual sewage treatment systems (ISTS).
The design and installation of ISTS is regulated by State Rules
and permitted through the Cook County Planning & Zoning
Department. ISTS must be installed by State licensed contractors.
A list of contractors can be obtained at the Planning & Zoning
Department. Alternative sewage treatment systems will
be considered for approval. Contact the Cook County
Environmental Health Departmental 218-387-3632.

Maintenance and Care
1. Good vegetative cover should be maintained over the 8. Use of garbage disposals is not recommended.
soil treatment system. However, do not plant trees or shrubs Consider composting.
because the roots may clog the distribution lines. 9. The septic tank MUST be cleaned (pumped) every
2. Do not drive over the soil treatment system and 2-3 years to remove floating scum and sludge that accumu-
maintain snow cover in the winter to prevent the area from late. If this material is allowed to enter the soil treatment
freezing. system (mound or trench) it will cause expensive and often
3. Use water-conserving fixtures like low-flow shower- irreparable damage.
heads and toilets. 10. Route roof drains and drain tile away from the drain-
4. Distribute wash loads evenly throughout the week to field.
avoid overloading the system with large amounts of water. 11. Do not dispose of solvents, paints, antifreeze, and
5. Wash only full loads in the dishwasher and washing chemicals down the drain.
machine. Consider a water-conserving washing machine 12. DO NOT USE starters, feeders, cleaners and other
because they use less water. additives. There is no quick fix or substitute for proper oper-
6. Use liquid detergents (powdered detergents add fine ation and regular maintenance.
particles that may clog the soil treatment system). For additional information on sewage treatment
7. Reduce the use of harsh cleaners and antibacterial systems contact the University of Minnesota
soaps. http://septic.coafes.umn.edu/homeowner/index.html

Do You Know . . . x
Septic System Setback Requirements
Well Shoreland
• 100 feet from the treatment area if • 100, 150 feet from the vegetation
well has less than 50 feet of casing line, depending upon DNR protected
and does not encounter waters classification, from any
Trench System
10 feet of impervious material. component of the sewage treatment
• 50 feet from the treatment area if system. x
well has more than 50 feet of casing Property Line
or encounters 10 feet of impervious • 10 feet from any component of the
material. septic system.
Buildings Road Right of Way
• 10 feet from septic tank • 10 Feet from any component of the
• 20 feet from treatment area septic system.

SETBACKS SETBACKS
CLASSES OF SEWAGE CLASSES OF SEWAGE
PUBLIC WATERS TREATMENT PUBLIC WATERS TREATMENT
STRUCTURE SYSTEM STRUCTURE SYSTEM
LAKES RIVERS x
Natural Environment 150 150 Remote 200 150
Recreational Development 100 100 Forested and Transition 150 100
Lake Superior *40 100 Tributary 100 100
Special Natural Environment 150 150 x = setback from lake depends on classification of lake.
Special Recreational 100 150 Call Planning and Zoning for your lake classification.
*From vegetation line.

12
Some commonly asked questions Q&
Q What permits are needed to install a sewage treatment system;
who do I contact?
A An application is jointly submitted by the licensed designer
A
Q How do I know if the sewage treatment system now existing on
my property works? Who is responsible for checking it?
A Most systems in Cook County are mound systems. Signs of
and the homeowner to the Planning & Zoning Department. mound system failures include: wet areas around the edge
of the mound; cattails or other wetland vegetation; and/or
Q What is a Certificate of Compliance?
black areas around the edge of the mound. Trench systems
A A Certificate of Compliance shows that at the time of
in failure reveal ponding or leakage to a low spot. If buying
inspection, the sewage treatment system was installed
property, even with a Certificate of Compliance, it is wise
properly. It is issued after a new system has been properly
to hire a sewage treatment system inspector to conduct a
installed, or after an inspection of an existing system has
Point of Sale inspection.
found that the sewage system is in compliance with State
standards. This Certificate of Compliance is considered to Q I want to sell my home. The buyer wants a Point-of-Sale
be effective for a period of five years for a new system and inspection of my sewage treatment system. Who do I contact to
three years for an existing system. do this?
A A state-licensed sewage treatment system Inspector or
Q Do I need a sewage treatment system certificate if I am just
Designer I should be contacted. A list can be obtained from
going to build a shed?
the Cook County Planning & Zoning Department, or
A Yes and No. No, if you do not live in shoreland. Yes, if you
downloaded from www.pca.state.mn.us/programs/lists/
live in shoreland and the shed or any other structure you
registration.html. Cook County Environmental Health
are building is 160 square feet or longer.
Department will also do the Point-of-Sale inspections.
Q Who tells me what type of system I need?
Q Do I need a permit to construct an outhouse or install a
A The licensed ISTS designer can make this determination
composting toilet?
based on soil and site conditions, and specific needs of the
A Yes, they require a permit from Cook County
owner.
Environmental Health Department.
Q How is the type of system needed on my property determined?
Q Can I install my own sewage treatment system? Do I even have
A The type of system is determined by soil texture, depth to
to have a sewage treatment system?
water table, proximity to surface waters, and the number of
A You cannot install your own sewage treatment system.
people it is intended to serve. Because of high ground water
Only licensed installers may. You are required to have a
table and heavy clay soils, 80 percent of Cook County’s sep-
sewage treatment system if any structure has plumbing. If
tic systems are mound systems.
your structure does not have plumbing, an outhouse is
acceptable.

Protecting your sewage treatment system
from freezing:
During winters with a lack of snow cover and cold temperatures, sewage treatment systems
can freeze. This can be not only a tremendous inconvenience, but can result in expensive
repairs. To help prevent your system from freezing, follow these general guidelines:

1. Add a layer of hay or straw mulch (8-12 inches) over the pipes, tank, and soil treatment
area.

2. Use normal amounts of water, the warmer the better.

3. Fix any leaky plumbing and DO NOT add antifreeze to the system.

4. Keep all types of vehicles – including ATV’s and snowmobiles – off of the septic system.

5. Make sure all risers, inspection pipes and manholes have covers. Adding insulation over
pipes and over the septic tank is also a good idea.

6. Let the grass in your lawn grow higher in the late summer and early fall over the soil
treatment area to act as a snow catch and provide better insulation.

7. If you’ll be gone for an extended time, consider having someone visit and use water
regularly.

8. Don’t pump the tank in the fall and leave it empty over the winter.
13
Protecting Wetlands
in Cook County
Wetlands are very common in access permit from the appropriate
Cook County and most contractors are road authority may also be required. I f wetlands are altered, increased
trained to recognize wetlands. The permitting process will also review sediment flows contaminate our
Personnel from the Planning & Zoning any potential wetland impacts. lakes and streams. Cook County
Department or Soil and Water Following are a few suggestions that wetlands remain largely intact,
Conservation District can also assist in will save time, money, and avoid com- protecting our waters.
determining if a wetland exists on pliance problems.
your property.
Wetlands are areas that are consis- • Avoid or minimize wetland
tently wet enough to support water-lov- impacts.
ing plants. They are determined by the • The absence of cattails, water
soil, vegetation, and water conditions. lilies, or even standing water does not TECHNICAL DEFINITION
Some wetland types have open water; guarantee you won’t be working in a
most do not. Wetland functions depend wetland. In fact, some wetland types Wetlands are areas that are
on the characteristics of the particular hold surface water only a few weeks a inundated or saturated by surface or
wetland. Wetlands can improve water year. ground water at a frequency and
quality, recharge groundwater, store • A common misconception is that duration sufficient to support, and
water, and provide wildlife habitat. seasonal rains increase and droughts that under normal circumstances do
reduce wetland size when, in fact, the support, a prevalence of vegetation
Wetland Management true relationship is between the soil, typically adapted for life in saturat-
When you submit a land use per- the water table interacting with that ed soil conditions.
mit to Cook County, the application soil, and those plants adapted to wet
must address wetlands, waters, and veg- soil conditions.
etation management AND provide evi- • If the work site includes tag alder,
dence that the activity you are propos- black spruce, willow, tamarack, white
ing conforms to the standards of the cedar, or black ash, chances are the
Cook County Land Use Ordinance. site is a wetland. If you are in doubt,
If you anticipate any wetland contact the Planning & Zoning
disturbance, contact the Cook County Department or the Soil and Water
Planning & Zoning Department for Conservation District (218-387-3647).
specific regulations

Road Building
If you and/or your contractor plan
to construct an access or driveway,
remember that a permit from the
Planning & Zoning Department or

For your
information . . .
Wetlands perform important
functions.These functions include:

• Fisheries Habitat
Q Who do I contact in Cook County if I am having wild
• Wildlife Habitat
animal/insect nuisance problems or questions?
A If your question concerns an animal that is not a game or • Shoreland Protection
fur-bearing animal, or an insect pest, you can contact the • Groundwater Protection
Cook County Extension office at 218-387-3015. If the animal
is a game or fur-bearing animal or an insect pest, you should • Stormwater Protection
contact the local Minnesota Department of Natural Resources • Public Recreation
at 218-387-3034.
• Floral Diversity/Plant
Habitats
• Groundwater Recharge

14
Some commonly asked questions
Q&
Q Are there different types of wetlands?
A
A Yes. Wetland classes described by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service are
used to evaluate wetlands in Cook County. They are listed as “wetland
types and are classified in eight different categories. The differences
What can you do?
between these types are the variations of water conditions, kinds of
plants, and soil conditions.
Q When does a landowner need a permit to fill a wetland? • Don’t fill or alter wetlands even
A Always. In some cases, the permitting process can take a long time if if they are only wet during the
state and federal permits are needed. Plan ahead. spring.
Q Is the county the only governmental entity regulating activities around • Consider restoring previously
wetlands? drained or filled wetlands.
A No, both federal and state agencies may require permits. The federal
contact is the Army Corps of Engineers at 218-834-6630. • Avoid contamination of the
waters on your land by avoiding
or minimizing the use of fertilizers
and pesticides.

• Avoid. Minimize. Mitigate.

Check list ✍
❑ Plan ahead: ❑ Road size:
Begin planning well in advance of the anticipated Choose a location for your road that will minimize the
construction starting date. If you suspect wetland need for ditching, grading, or filling.
disturbances will occur, contact the Cook County Planning
& Zoning Department (218-387-3630) and the Army Corps ❑ Stream or waterway crossing:
of Engineers (218-834-6630) before you begin. In many If development requires crossing a stream or waterway,
cases, a site visit can be arranged and a determination contact the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources-
made that will avoid unnecessary delays. Permitting can Division of Waters (218-834-6623) for the classification or
take up to 6 months in some instances. Wetland impacts status of the waterway. A permit is needed for building a
are calculated in square feet and replacement may be bridge or placing a culvert, if not from the DNR then from
required. Cook County.

❑ Road location and layout: ❑ Dams and Ponds:
Use the natural topography as an aid in road layout and Dam and pond construction are both regulated. They alter
keep in mind a reasonable attempt to avoid and minimize wetland function, stream flow volume, and wildlife habitat.
the impact must be demonstrated. A meandering design Contact Cook County Planning and Zoning before building.
can often be used to avoid wet areas. A curved road also For technical assistance contact the Department of Natural
limits the line of site and promotes privacy. Resources or Soil & Water Conservation District.

15
So,You Own Property on a Lake or a Stream?
in Cook County

The consequences of uncontrolled Sound management of our shorelands in Cook County is important and will
or unplanned shoreline development help maintain high water quality, sustain property values, and retain the scenic
can be disastrous. Over-developed and quality of our lakes, rivers, and streams.
poorly designed shoreland areas Shoreland development is regulated by the state; Cook County ordinances are
degrade the entire water body. modeled after state regulations.
Increasing demand for shoreline
building sites has led to skyrocketing natural vegetation as possible (Check • retain aquatic and shoreline
land costs and intensive development. regulations.) vegetation to protect shorelines from
To protect the integrity of the lakes • limit amounts of impervious erosion
and streams of Cook County, strict surfaces (e.g. roofs, driveways, roads, • minimize or eliminate the use of
standards for development on shore- parking areas) pesticides and fertilizers
lands are enforced by the County • maintain natural vegetation and • minimize the amount of clearing
Planning and Zoning Department. minimize lawn area for a beach and dock
• retain trees and shrubs for • Section 7.08 C. of the Cook
Things to Consider When natural screen. Maximize use of native County Zoning Ordinance requires
Developing Shoreland vegetation that roads, driveways, and parking
• leave as much of a buffer strip of • do not disturb steep slopes areas must meet shoreland structure
setbacks.
Some commonly asked questions Q&
Q What is shoreland?
A “Shoreland” in Cook County is
defined as all property within 1,000
tangular coordinate system estab-
lished in the U.S. Public Land
Survey, nearest to the landward
Rivers
a) Remote
A
b) Forested & Transition
feet of a lake, pond, or flowage, or side of a line 1000 feet from the c) Tributary
300 feet of a river or stream. It shoreline of Lake Superior or 300 Q What are the guidelines?
includes the North Shore feet landward from the center line A Cook County has set standards for
Management Zone of U.S. Highway 61, whichever is land activities on shoreland areas. For
Q What is the North Shore Management greater. instance:
Zone? Q How are shorelines managed? • No structures, except decks, piers,
A The shoreland along Lake Superior A In order to provide a better manage- and docks, shall be placed at an ele-
has long been recognized for it’s dis- ment and protection tool for shore- vation such that the lowest floor,
tinctive characteristics and abundant land development, a lakes classifica- including basement floor, is less than
natural resources. Because the North tion plan was developed and adopted three feet above the ordinary high
Shore will continue to experience sig- for the county’s public waters. The water level.
nificant development pressures in the public waters of Cook County are • Alteration of vegetation is regulated.
future, the land along Lake Superior classified by the Department of Selective removal is allowed to
has been identified as a distinctive Natural Resources as: provide a view corridor to water and
management unit. Different regula- also to accommodate placement of
Lakes
tions apply in this zone. stairways, picnic areas, access paths,
a) Natural Environment
Q Where is the North Shore Management b) Recreational Development watercraft access, etc.; however, that
Zone Boundary? c) Lake Superior removal must leave sufficient cover
A The North Shore Management Plan d) Special Natural Environment to screen cars, dwellings, and other
area boundary is defined along the e) Special Recreational Development structures from view from the water.
40 acre subdivision lines of the rec-

Check out the Best Management
Practices for Shorelands: For more information on Cook County Lake Associations, contact:
www.extension.umn.edu/distribution/ http://mnlakes.org/SubAssociations/index.cfm?GID=81
naturalresources/DD6946.html
16
Fire Safety and Emergency Vehicle Access
in Cook County
Each year hundreds of people build their dream
homes tucked into Cook County’s woods. Despite the
beautiful setting, these homes may be vulnerable to wild-
fire. If your driveway and turn around area do not meet
minimum access requirements, the fire department or
other emergency vehicles may not be able to enter your
property. (e.g. fires, ambulance, rescue squad)
If your property is deemed unsafe to access, emer-
gency personnel have the authority to not respond if the
response puts their personnel in undue danger.
Listed below are some things you can do to minimize
your risk from wildfire and guarantee safe access in case
of emergencies.
For more information on this topic go to:
www.boreal.org/fireinfo/ or www.dnr.state.mn.us/firewise or
www.firewise.org

1. Before you purchase your property, determine
whether you have volunteer fire department coverage.
Most property in Cook County is located a consider-
able distance from the nearest volunteer fire depart-
ment.
Call the Emergency Management office or the fire
chief listed for your area on the back cover of this docu-
ment. They can also tell you whether you are located in
a wild area and might be covered by the U.S. Forest
Service or Department of Natural Resources for fire
response.
2. Driveways should be cleared to a 20-foot width
with a 14-foot vertical clearance. Excessively steep and
narrow driveways will limit the ability of emergency
vehicles to respond to your home.
3. A turnaround near your home should be provided
with at least a 30-foot radius. A ‘T’-shaped turnaround
with a minimum of 60 feet across the top of the ‘T’ is a
good alternative.
4. An arrangement of vegetation (grass, leaves, branch-
es, etc.) reaching from the ground to the crowns of trees
around the house is called a ‘fuel ladder’. It provides a
means for fire to reach and climb to the top of a house.
Eliminate or break this fuel ladder by keeping grass
mowed, trimming shrubs and pruning branches off the
lower 6 – 10 feet of trees within 100-feet of your home.
5. Keep your firewood pile at least 30-feet from your
home in the summertime.
6. Have your electric service lines to your home
placed underground.
7. Locate propane tanks to a cleared area at least 30-
feet from your home on green grass or on mineral soil.
8. Limit the number of dead trees or snags retained
around your home. Be sure any snags left for wildlife won’t
fall on your home or block access roads or driveways.
Dan Bauman 9. Do not burn trash and be extremely careful with
fireworks. Open fires can ignite wildfires and also create
air pollution.
10. You must obtain a burning permit from a Fire
Warden or the MN Dept. of Natural Resources if you wish

17
Barb Tuttle

to burn brush and there is less than 3" of snow on the other openings in your home.
ground. Always have a shovel and garden hose hooked up f. Extend gravel coverage under decks and enclose any
BEFORE you start the fire. within 5 feet of the ground with metal screening or sheet-
11. Develop and discuss a fire escape plan for your fam- ing. No vegetation under decks.
ily. Have a practice drill and include your pets. g. Install a spark arrestor or heavy wire screen on
12. Keep a 30-foot fire defensible space around your home wood burning fireplaces and chimneys.
and develop a fire protection zone landscape plan with sugges- h. Install fire extinguishers in the kitchen and in your
tions as follows: garage.
a. Consider using native or crushed rock 3 – 5 feet i. Make sure your building fire detectors are installed and
along the foundation of your home. are working correctly.
b. Landscape the rest with lawn (less than 4” tall), fire-
wise perennials and low flammable shrubs that are kept Firewise Landscaping Checklist
pruned. When designing and installing a firewise landscape,
c. Trees in this area should be pruned up at least 6 – 8’, consider the following:
depending upon species and thinned so that their crowns • Local area fire history
are at least 10’ apart. • Site location and overall terrain
d. Trim any branches that overhang your house, any • Prevailing winds and seasonal weather
that may be within 20’ of your chimney, and keep your roof • Property contours and boundaries
and rain gutters cleaned of leaves and pine needles. • Native vegetation or firewise perennial lists are
e. Install metal screens on all attic, foundation and any available at the Cook County Extension Office
218-387-3015.
• Plant characteristics and placement (duffage, water &
salt retention ability, aromatic oils, fuel load per area,
and size)
• Irrigation requirements

Zone 1: Within 30-feet of home
This well-irrigated area encircles the home on all sides,
providing space for fire suppression equipment in case of
an emergency. Plantings should be limited to carefully
spaced, low flammable species.

Zone 2: Between 30-feet and 100-feet of home
Plants should be low-growing, low flammable species
that are well placed and well groomed. If possible, any
irrigation system should extend into this zone.

Zone 3: Beyond 100-feet of home
Continue to utilize low-growing plants and well spaced
trees, using these and other measures to keep the volume of
flammable vegetation (fuel) to a minimum. Care should be
taken to reduce or eliminate sites or pockets of fuel that are
up to several hundred feet from the home.
18
Keeping Records

Legal Description of Your Property: Electric Utility Emergency Phone Number:
________________________________________________ ________________________________________________
Parcel Code/Tax ID#: ____________________________ Furnace Cleaned and Serviced (dates):
Land Use District: ________________________________ ______________ ____________ ____________
Your Property Address (911 system address): ______________ ____________ ____________
________________________________________________ ______________ ____________ ____________

Your Well Driller: ________________________________ Homeowners Insurance Policy # and Agent:
Date drilled: ____________________________________ ________________________________________________
Unique well number: ____________________________
Type of well: ____________________________________ Hospital Number:
________________________________________________
Depth of well: __________________________________
Depth of casing: ________________________________ Lake/River Classification (setback distance):
Yield rate: ______________________________________ ________________________________________________
Well casing diameter: __________________________
Location of well: ________________________________ Permit #'s issued for Buildings: ____________________
Last date water tested: ________________________________________________
________________________________________________
______________ ____________ ____________
______________ ____________ ____________ Polling Location: __________________________________
______________ ____________ ____________
Road Right of Way Distance: ______________________
Your Septic System Designer/Installer:
________________________________________________ School Phone Number: __________________________
Date installed: __________________________________
Smoke Detectors Checked / Batteries Changed
Type of system: ________________________________
(dates):
Location of system: ____________________________
______________ ____________ ____________
Last date system was cleaned:
______________ ____________ ____________
______________ ____________ ____________
______________ ____________ ____________
______________ ____________ ____________
______________ ____________ ____________ Property Taxes Due May 15th and October 15th:
________________________________________________
Name of Property Owner When Installed:
________________________________________________ Other:
Year of Certificate of Compliance: __________________ ________________________________________________
Sewage Treatment System #: ______________________ ________________________________________________
________________________________________________
County Commissioner and District: ________________________________________________
________________________________________________ ________________________________________________
________________________________________________
Township or Unorganized Territory: ________________________________________________
________________________________________________ ________________________________________________

19
Cook County

Emergency Phone Numbers (218 area code)
Fire Department – Emergency ......................................911 Search and Rescue – Emergency .................................. 911
Colville Volunteer Fire Department Chief Cook County Law Enforcement Center – Sheriff, Deputies
Kim Linnell .............................................................. 218-387-2098 Grand Marais ............................................................ 218-387-3030
Grand Marais Volunteer Fire Department Chief
Bill Bockovich.......................................................... 218-387-1193 Medical Emergency Service .......................................... 911
Grand Portage Volunteer Fire Department Chief Cook County North Shore Hospital & Care Center
Bruce Waltz ............................................................ 218-475-2660 Grand Marais ............................................................ 218-387-3040
Gunflint Trail Volunteer Fire Department Chief Sawtooth Mountain Clinic
Dan Bauman ............................................................ 218-388-2203 Grand Marais ............................................................ 218-387-2330
Hovland Volunteer Fire Department Chief Grand Portage Clinic, Grand Portage
Shawn Perich .......................................................... 218-387-9475 Satellite Clinic .......................................................... 218-475-2235
Lutsen Volunteer Fire Department Chief West End Branch,Tofte
Fred Schmidt .......................................................... 218-663-7541 Satellite Clinic .......................................................... 218-663-7263
Maple Hill Volunteer Fire Department Chief
Ed Hedstrom .......................................................... 218-387-1530
Schroeder Volunteer Fire Department Chief Human Service Emergencies ........................................ 911
Phil Bonin ................................................................ 218-663-7522 Cook County Human Service Department
Tofte Volunteer Fire Department Chief Grand Marais ............................................................ 218-387-3620
Rich Nelson ............................................................ 218-663-7914 Grand Portage Human Service Department
Grand Portage.......................................................... 218-475-2453
Violence Prevention Center
Police Department – Emergency ..................................911 Grand Marais ............................................................ 218-387-1237
Cook County Law Enforcement Center – Sheriff, Deputies
Grand Marais ............................................................ 218-387-3030
FAX ............................................................................ 218-387-3032 Emergency Management Training & Workshops
Grand Marais................................................................ 218-387-3059

20