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TASK 3 KB3

Part 2: Comparing analytical exposition texts with other texts


Task 3
Read the two texts above once again and compare them with the other two texts below to
identify their differences and similarities. Write your answer in the box provided below text
4.

Text 3
In all the discussion over the removal of lead from petrol there doesn’t
seem to have been any mention of difference between driving in the city and
the country.
While I realise my leaded petrol car is polluting the air wherever I drive, I
feel that when you travel through the country, where you only see another car
every five to ten minutes, the problem is not as severe as when traffic is
concentrated on city roads.
Those who want to penalise older, leaded petrol vehicles and their owners
don’t seem to appreciate that, in the country, there is no public transport to fall
back upon and one’s own vehicle is the only way to get about.

I feel that country people, who often have to travel huge distances to the
nearest town and who already spend a great deal of money on petrol, should be
treated differently to the people who live in the city.

(Source: Gerot, L., & Wignell, P. (1994). Making Sense of Functional Grammar).

Text 4
Iceberg Potential Source of Water
The supply of fresh water has not been a major problem for most countries
in the world because a rainy season is part of their yearly climatic conditions.
However, in countries where the rainfall is very sparse scientists must
constantly seek ways to increase supplies of this precious element. One among
other methods being considered is the towing of icebergs. According to this
method large icebergs from Antarctica would be wrapped in cloth or plastic,
tied to powerful tugboats by strong ropes, and towed to the countries needing
fresh water. While this plan may have some potential, there are certain
practical problems that must be solved.
The first problem is the expense. According to estimates, it would cost
between $50 and $100 million to tow a 'single 100-million-ton iceberg from
Antarctica to, for example, the coast of Saudi Arabia. This is very expensive.
The second problem is possible risk with the iceberg. It is very possible
that the Iceberg would melt en route. No one knows if an iceberg could be
effectively insulated during such a long journey. At the very least, there is the
possibility that it would break up into smaller pieces, which would create still
other problems.
The third problem is about the environmental effects. There is the danger
that a huge block of Ice floating off an arid coast could have unexpected
environmental effects. The ice could drastically change the weather along the
coast and it would probably affect the fish population.
The last problem is the cost efficiency. According to this, the cost of
providing fresh water from icebergs would be less than the cost of providing
water by desalinization. According to most estimates, it would cost between
50 cent and 60 cent per cubic meter to get water from an iceberg as opposed
to the 80 cent per cubic meter it costs to get the same amount by
desalinization. In conclusion, before icebergs can become a source of fresh
water in the future, problems involving cost, overall practicality, and most
importantly environmental impact must be solved.

(Adapted from Oshima and Hogue, 3rd edition, 1998).

Write your answer in this box.

Simmilarties Differences
1. The four texts give arguments that 1. Text 1 and text 2 use internal
support the main idea of the text. conjunction and causal conjunction ,
2. The four text use present tense in but text 3 and 4 do not.
constructing the text 2. Text 1 and 2 tell the argument not
3. The four text use relational process to based on private opinion but they
attribute the main subject