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You are on page 1of 2

Grade 5, Module 2, Topic B

**5th Grade Math Focus Area– Topic B
**

Module 2: Multi-Digit Whole Number and Decimal Fraction Operations Module 2: Multi-Digit Whole Number and Decimal Fraction Operations

**Math Parent Letter Problem 1: 432 x 24
**

This document is created to give parents and students a better Draw using area model and then solve using the standard

understanding of the math concepts found in Eureka Math (© algorithm. Use arrows to match the partial products from the

2013 Common Core, Inc.) that is also posted as the Engage area model to the partial products of the algorithm.

New York material which is taught in the classroom. Grade

To find the answer to this problem, first we represent units of 432.

5 Module 2 of Eureka Math ( Engage New York) covers Multi- Decompose 432 to make finding the partial product easier.

Digit Whole Number and Decimal Fraction Operations. This 400 + 30 + 2

newsletter will discuss Module 2, Topic B. How many four hundred thirty-twos are we counting? (24)

Decompose 24 ( 20 + 4)

Topic B. The Standard Algorithm for Multi-Digit Whole

Number Multiplication Multiply:

What is the product of 4 and 2? 8

Words to Know What is the product of 4 and 30? 120

Area Model Product Continue recording the product in the area model.

Now add each row of partial products.

Standard Algorithm Factor Solve using the standard algorithm. Compare the partial products

Numerical Expression Decompose in the area model to the partial products in the algorithm.

Estimate 1

400 + 30 + 2

432

Things to Remember!!!

4 1600 120 8 =1,728

x 24

Standard Algorithm 1

Step-by-step procedure to solve a problem + 1728

Numerical Expression +8 6 4 0

A mathematical phrase involving only numbers and one or 20

more operational symbol Example: 11 x (6+13)

8000 600 40 =8,640

1 0,3 6 8

Symbol for ‘about’ ≈ What are 24 groups of 432? 10,368

Product

The answer when two or more numbers are multiplied together.

7 x 3 = 21

Factor Factor Product

Problem 2: 532 x 283

Estimate the product. Solve using standard algorithm. Use

OBJECTIVES OF TOPIC B your estimate to check the reasonableness of the product.

To estimate the product round each factor.

Connect visual models and the distributive property to

532 closer to 5 hundreds than 6 hundreds on the number line

partial products of the standard algorithm without

283 closer to 3 hundreds than 2 hundreds on the number line

renaming.

Multiply the rounded factors to estimate the product.

Fluently multiply multi-digit whole numbers using the

standard algorithm to solve multi-step word problems. Multiply the 532 x 283 532

rounded ≈ 500 x 300 x283

Connect area diagrams and the distributive property to 1 1

factors to = 150,000 1596

partial products of the standard algorithm with and 1

estimate the 42560

without renaming.

product. +1 0 6 4 0 0

Fluently multiply multi-digit whole numbers using the 1 5 0,5 5 6

standard algorithm to solve multi-step word problems

and using estimation to check for reasonableness of the

product.

**http://www.lpssonline.com/mathresources
**

Problems and Answers

The Grand Theatre purchased 257 new theatre seats for their auditorium at $129 each. What’s the total cost of the new theatre seats?

200 + 50 + 7

To find the answer to

this problem, first we 257

draw an area model. 9 1,800 450 63 = 2,313

We represent the x129

number of seats in the 1

+

area model by 2313

decomposing 257 to 20 4,000 1,000 140 1 5 1 4 0

= 5,140

make finding the

partial

5, product easier. + +2 5 7 0 0

Next, decompose 129 3 3,1 5 3

which is the cost of 100 20,000 5,000 700

each seat. Record the = 25,700

products.

The total cost of the theatre seats is $33,153.

Peter has collected 15 boxes of football cards. Each box has 312 cards in it. Peter estimates he has about 6,000 cards, so he buys 10

albums that hold 600 cards each.

A. Did Peter purchase too many, not enough, or just the right amount of albums to hold his football cards?

Explain your answer?

Step 1: To solve this problem, first estimate the number of cards in each box. 312 closer to 300 than 400

Multiply the number of boxes times estimated number of cards in each box. 312 x 15

≈ 300 x 15

Note: You may round 15 to 20 and then multiply 300 x = (3 x 100) x 15

20 which equals 6,000. Therefore you could say that Peter = (3 x 15) x 100

has about 6,000 cards. Since both factors were rounded up, = 45 x 100

the actual number of cards is less than 6,000. = 4500 Peter has about 4,500 cards.

**Step 2: Find the total number of cards the 10 albums hold altogether.
**

600 x 10 = 6,000 The 10 albums can hold 6,000 cards.

Step 3: Peter purchased too many albums to hold his football cards. He has about 4,500 cards and ten albums would hold 6,000 cards.

(Explanation could be justified by statement written in the note above.)

**B. How many cards does Peter have? Use the standard algorithm to solve the problem.
**

1

312

x 15

1560

+ 3120

4,6 8 0 Peter has a total of 4,680 cards.

C. How many albums will he need for all his cards?

**1 album 2 albums 3 albums 4 albums 5 albums 6 albums 7 albums 8 albums
**

600 cards 1,200 cards 1,800 cards 2,400 cards 3,000 cards 3,600 cards 4,200 cards 4,800 cards

Peter will need 8 albums for all his cards.

http://www.lpssonline.com/mathresources

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