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PIPELINE BUOYANCY CONTROL CALCULATION

1 INPUT

Pipa Data
Outside Diameter OD : 168.3 mm
CS Wall Thickness t : 7.11 mm
Corrosion Allowance tca : 0.0625 in
-3
Water Density ρw : 1000 kg.m
-3
Content Density (gas) ρf : 35.61 kg.m
Pipe length L : 12 m
-3
CS Density ρst : 7850 kg.m
Coating Thickness (3LPE) t3lpe : 3.0 m
-3
Coating Density (3LPE) ρ3lpe : 950 kg.m
-3
Concrete Density ϒconc : 2400 kg.m

2 CALCULATION
2.1 Weight of pipeline
Cross section area steel
= − −2 −
4
2
As : 0.0028 m
Weight of steel = .
Ws : 22.1692 kg/m

Cross section area - internal


= −2 −
4
2
Ai : 0.0194 m

Weight of pipe content = .


Wi : 0.6916 kg/m

3LPE coating insulation


= +2 −
4
2
A in : 0.0016 m

Weight of coating insulation = .


W ins : 1.5337 kg/m

Total weight = + +
: 24.3946 kg/m

Buoyancy Force on Pipe, BF


= +2 .
4
BF = 23.8608 kg/m

Pipe Submerged Weight Wsm = Wpipe - BF = 0.53 kg/m

Specific Grafity +
=

SG = 1.022

Check for pipe floatation with allowable 1.1 SG


Check Float = " Counter Weight Required!!!" if SG ≤ 1.1
" Counter Weight Not Required!!!" otherwise

Check Float = Counter Weight Required!!!


2.2 Concrete Weight Calculation

a = 150 mm
b = 188.3 mm
c = 100 mm
d = 150 mm
e = 150 mm
f = 94.15 mm
g = 300 mm
h = 150 mm
Figure 1. Typical Concrete Weight

Cross section area of concrete weight


.
= . + + − − .ℎ − .
2 8
2
Acw = 0.081 m

Volume of concrete weight

Vcw = A cw . C
3
Vcw = 0.008 m

Weight of concrete weight

Wcw = V cw . ϒconc
Wcw = 19.32 kg

Buoyant force due to fluid displaced by concrete weight

Bcw = V cw . ρw
Bcw = 8.050 kg

Effective set on weight Buoyancy force each pipe joint

Weff = W cw - Bcw BS = (BF . L) - (W pipe . L)


Weff = 11.271 kg BS = -6.405 kg

Hence concrete weight required for each pipe joint 12 m (T)

T = 0.57 ≈ 1.00

Each length (12 m) of line pipe shall be installed with additional 1 concrete weight to laid down the
pipeline in swamp area