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# Radiation Safety Questions

1) HVL= 0.19” 45mm

Source Lead
97Ci sheet
7.5Sv

No: of lead sheets = 45mm/0.19” = 45mm/4.826mm = 9.324

Doserate,D = A x RHM / d2 x 2n = 97 x 550 / d2 x 29.324 = 0.75mR/hr.

d2 =97 x 550/ 0.75 x 29.324

=53350 / 480.69

= 110.98

d = 110.98 = 10.54m

2) Find the time required to get a dose of 3Rems if you are standing at a distance of
5m from a 30Ci Cobalt (RHM = 1.35R/Hr/Ci at 1m).
I1/I2 = d22/d12
30 x 1.35 /I2 = 52 /12
40.5 / I2 = 25
I2 = 40.5 / 25
= 1.62 R/ Hr
Dose receiving at 5m= 3R
No: of hours= 3/1.62= 1.85hrs.

3) Gamma & x-radiation damage human tissue by a process known as ionization.

4) Find the time taken for Ir-192 source with initial activity of 100Ci to decay to 20Ci
if the half-life of Ir-192 is 75 days.
A = A0/ 2n
N= no: of half lives = t / T1/2
20 = 100 / 2n
2n = 100 / 20 = 5
n = log5 / log2 = t / T1/2
t = 75 x log5 / log2
= 174 days.

4) Gamma rays are due to: energy released by an excited nucleus when returning to
ground state.

5) Find the half-life time for a source decayed from an initial activity of 100Ci to 40Ci
in 200 days.
A = A0/ 2n

e) All of the above.50 times d.5 times b.5 / log 2 = 200 / T1/2 T1/2 = 200 x log2 / log2. ans: 6. c) The activity becomes half the value with respect to time d) Both a and c are correct.10 times c. 14) ALARA stands for: . RHF=5900) I1/I2 = d22/d12 15x550 / 0. 13) Survey meter calibration must be done Every six months. d) 151.5 days 6) Half-life is defined as: a) The time taken for the no: of atoms undergoing disintegration becomes half b) The life at which the excited nucleus returns to ground state. the exposure is a.5 = 151.25 times. 11) Safe work practice: Time. distance and shielding.6 inches.3.29 days  151. c) 192.8m = 104m as per the choice.75 = d22 11000 = d22 d2 = 11000 = 104. 7) Find the cordon distance for a 15Ci.5 n = log 2. ensure everyone is at a safe distance and inform inspection and loss prevention for assistance.40 = 100 / 2n 2n =2.5 days. Ir 192 source (RHM=550. 12) When the distance is reduced by 5 times.75 = d22 /1 8250 / 0. a) 161.2.4” 10) What is the best thing to do if a radioactive source will not fully retract into its shielding projector? Evacuate the site. 8) Dosimeter readings: 0-200mR 9) If HVL for Ir-192 of concrete is 1.5. how much thick concrete is required to reduce the exposure from 32mR/hr to 2mR/hr. b) 182.

and after putting a concrete shielding was 20mR/hr.40mR/hr b. the concrete thickness is: (HVL of concrete = 1. the pocket dosimeter recorded 1600Sv. d.As low as reasonably achievable.6” 20) The unit curie is: used to indicate the strength of isotope. 22) TLD defines: Thermo luminescent device 23) Absorbed dose stated as: Rem-Sivert 24) During 4hrs of exposure period.6”) ans: 9.160mR/hr c. What will be the strength of 40Ci source after 222 days? t / T1/2 = n 222 / 74 = n n =3 Strength after 222 days= 40 / 23 = 5Ci 17) The vehicle speed permitted when transporting radioactive isotope is: ans: 90km/hr 18) RAD is: Radiation Absorbed Dose 19) If the intensity before shielding was 1250mR/hr.35” . The dose rate at the new location will be: ¼ times 16) If the half-life of Ir-192 is 74 days.both a and c are correct ans: both a and c are correct 25) Radioactivity is defined as: Ionizing radiation and particles from radioactive isotopes. 21) The two important effects of radiation exposure to human body are: somatic and genetic effect. What is the HVL for this material? 2R/hr = 2000mR/hr ans: 0.400Sv/hr. 15) A person moved fro 10’ to 20’ from a radioactive source. 26) We used a 2” of some material for shielding and the intensity dropped from2R/hr to 40mR/hr. What shall be the survey meter reading at this location? a.

30) Annual dose limit is a. 5Rem b. 3Rem c.27) On a transport vehicle. Depends on the age:2(N-18) . 29) You can best protect yourself from radiation by: Applying the concept of time. 2Rem d. 28) The film badge: Measures cumulative exposure to radiation. radiation-warning signboard has to be placed: front and back side. distance and shielding.