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THE FAMILY

MARRIAGE
MARRAIGE
It is often defined as a
socially sanctioned sexual
and economic union
between men and women.
REASONS WHY PEOPLE MARRY
REASON WHY PEOPLE MARRY
Someone has to
take care of them.
REASON WHY PEOPLE MARRY
People get
married to
overcome the
threat of sexual
competition.
REASON WHY PEOPLE MARRY
People get
married because
they benefit from
each other’s labor.
REASON WHY PEOPLE MARRY
Men marry
because this is
one way of
gaining
dominance over
women.
REASON WHY PEOPLE MARRY
All men and
women are
expected to
marry.
THE MARRIAGE PROCESS
THE MARRIAGE PROCESS
1. CHOOSING A SPOUSE
THE MARRIAGE PROCESS
2. MEETING THE TERMS
THE MARRIAGE PROCESS
3. SECURING THE MARRIAGE
FORMS OF MARRIAGE
FORMS OF MARRIAGE
MONOGAMY
allows a man to have only
one wife at a time.
FORMS OF MARRIAGE
POLYGAMY
 It is plural marriage.
Forms :
Polygyny – involves one marrying
two or more women at a time.
 Polyandry – involves one woman
marrying two or more men at the same
time.
 Group marriage – involves
marriage of several men and several
women at a time.
FORMS OF MARRIAGE
ADOPTIVE MARRIAGE
In Japan, since one’s surname is
patronymic, that is, it is transferred from
father to son, many wealthy families
would want to preserve their surnames
by preferring their sons over daughters.

The prospective son-in-laws is


“adopted” by the family before the
wedding takes place; thus his
surname changed into that of the
bride’s family.
FORMS OF MARRIAGE
FICTIVE MARRIAGE
Practiced by the Nuer tribes
of Africa.it is the union
between two women, an
older and a younger one.
FORMS OF MARRIAGE
SISTER-EXCHANGE
A man cannot be allowed
to marry unless the sister of
the groom agrees to marry
the brother of the bride.
FORMS OF MARRIAGE
BRIDE CAPTURE
The relatives of the groom
assist in “capturing” the
bride, and in case the bride
is not in favour of the
marriage, her relatives, in
turn, see to it that she does
not get “captured”.
DEFINING THE “FAMILY”
FAMILY
“a social group characterized by common residence, economic
cooperation and reproduction. It includes adults of both sexes, at
least two whom maintain a socially approved sexual relationships,
and one or more children, owned or adopted, of sexually
cohabiting adults.”
-Murdock (1949)
FAMILY
F ather
A nd
M other
I mplying the presence of children
L ove which must prevail, and
Y ou
CHARACTERSTICS
OF THE FAMILY
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE FAMILY
THE FAMILY HAS CERTAIN UNIQUE CHARACTERISTICS
SUMMED UP IN THE FOLLOWING:
1. The family is a social group
that is universally recognized
and is a significant element in
every individual's life. As
Murdock put it, "The family
exists because there is no other
social unit which can fulfill its
vital functions in and for the
society."
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE FAMILY
THE FAMILY HAS CERTAIN UNIQUE CHARACTERISTICS
SUMMED UP IN THE FOLLOWING:
2. The family is the most
basic autonomous unit in
any given society and the
first social group the
individual is exposed to.
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE FAMILY
THE FAMILY HAS CERTAIN UNIQUE CHARACTERISTICS
SUMMED UP IN THE FOLLOWING:
3. Family contact and
relationships are repetitive and
continuous. They extend over a
long period of time, often a
lifetime. It is said that the
individual's earliest and longest
experience in living takes place
in a family setting.
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE FAMILY
THE FAMILY HAS CERTAIN UNIQUE CHARACTERISTICS
SUMMED UP IN THE FOLLOWING:
4. The family is a very close
and intimate group. This is
very true to Filipinos and
other Asian families, where
family ties among members
are close.
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE FAMILY
THE FAMILY HAS CERTAIN UNIQUE CHARACTERISTICS
SUMMED UP IN THE FOLLOWING:
5. It is the setting of the most
intense emotional experiences
during the lifetime of an
individual - birth, childhood,
puberty, adolescence, marriage,
and death. Thus, the family's
influence on personality and
character is significant and
pervasive.
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE FAMILY
THE FAMILY HAS CERTAIN UNIQUE CHARACTERISTICS
SUMMED UP IN THE FOLLOWING:
6. The family affects the
individual's social values,
dispositions, and outlook in
life. The family is the source
of the individual's ideals,
aspirations, and basic
motivations in life.
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE FAMILY
THE FAMILY HAS CERTAIN UNIQUE CHARACTERISTICS
SUMMED UP IN THE FOLLOWING:
7. The family has the unique
position of serving as a link
between the individual and the
larger society. It is through the
family's functions of
reproduction, biological and
psychological support, and
training for social participation
and citizenship that society is
able to elicit contribution from
an individual.
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE FAMILY
THE FAMILY HAS CERTAIN UNIQUE CHARACTERISTICS
SUMMED UP IN THE FOLLOWING:
8. The family is also unique in
providing continuity of social life. It is
the meeting ground of generations
not only in terms of biological traits
but also socio-cultural heritage. The
family is the major agent of
transmitting culture. This means that
cultural traditions are handed down
from generation to generation
through socialization of family
members.
CLASSIFICATION
OF THE FAMILY
CLASSIFICATION OF THE FAMILY
ACCORDING TO ORGANIZATION, STRUCTURE AND
MEMBERSHIP
A. NUCLEAR FAMILY
This is also known as the
primary or elementary family.
TWO KINDS OF FAMILIES:
 FAMILY ORIENTATION –
which one is born, and where one
is reared and socialized.
 FAMILY PROCREATION – it is
established by the person through
marriage.
CLASSIFICATION OF THE FAMILY
ACCORDING TO ORGANIZATION, STRUCTURE AND
MEMBERSHIP
B. EXTENDED FAMILY
This is composed two or more nuclear
families related to each other economically and
socially.
TWO TYPES OF FAMILIES
Conjugal Families- This classification stresses
on the marriage bond, which is the couple and
their children while relatives are comparatively
less or unimportant.
Consanguineal Families- This classification,
on the other hand, puts stress on the nucleus
of blood relatives, the blood kin, than the
couple.
CLASSIFICATION OF THE FAMILY
ACCORDING TO PLACE OF RESIDENCE
This classification includes patrilocal,
matrilocal, bilocal, neolocal, and
avunlocal.
CLASSIFICATION OF THE FAMILY
ACCORDING TO PLACE OF RESIDENCE
 Patrilocal family – requires that the newly
married couple live with the family of the
bridegroom or near the residence of the parents of
the bridegroom.
Matrilocal family – requires that the newly
couple live with or near the residence of the bride’s
parents.
CLASSIFICATION OF THE FAMILY
ACCORDING TO PLACE OF RESIDENCE
Bilocal family – provides the newlywed couple the
freedom to select where to reside that is near the groom’s
or the bride’s parents.
Neolocal family – permits the newlywed couple reside
independently of their parents. They can deside on their
own as far as their residence is concerned.
Avunlocal family – prescribes that the newlywed couple
resides with or near material uncle of the groom.
CLASSIFICATION OF THE FAMILY
ACCORDING TO DESCENT
The relationship existing among family
members may also be used as a basis in
classifying the family. Families may be
patrilineal, matrilineal, or bilateral.
CLASSIFICATION OF THE FAMILY
ACCORDING TO DESCENT
 Patrilineal Descent – affiliates a person with a group
of relatives related to him/her through his/her father. This
child is also related his/her mother’s kin, but in terms of
closeness, he/she turns to his/her father’s kin.
Matrilineal Descent – affiliates a person with a group
of kinsmen related to him/her through the mother.
 Bilateral Descent - affiliates a person with a group of
kinsmen related to him/her through both the father and
mother.
CLASSIFICATION OF THE FAMILY
ACCORDING TO AUTHORITY
As to whom the family’s authority is
vested can also become the basis of
classification. Families may be
patriarchal, matriarchal, equalitarian, or
matricentric.
CLASSIFICATION OF THE FAMILY
ACCORDING TO AUTHORITY
Patriarchal Family – is one in which authority is
vested in the oldest male member, often the father,
or grandfather or in the absence of the parents, on
the oldest male member. This is characterized by
family solidarity and ancestor worship.
Matriarchal Family - is one in which authority is
vested in the elder of the mother’s kin.
CLASSIFICATION OF THE FAMILY
ACCORDING TO AUTHORITY
Equalitarian Family – is one where the husband
and wife exercise a more or less amount of
authority.
Matricentric Family – is one where the absence
of the father who may be working gives the mother
a dominant position in the family. This type of
family is prevalent in the suburbs.
FUNCTIONS OF THE FAMILY
FUNCTIONS OF THE FAMILY
SEXUAL REGULATION
FUNCTIONS OF THE FAMILY
BIOLOGICAL REPRODUCTION
FUNCTIONS OF THE FAMILY
ORGANIZING PRODUCTION AND
CONSUMPTION
FUNCTIONS OF THE FAMILY
SOCIALIZING CHILDREN
FUNCTIONS OF THE FAMILY
PROVIDING EMOTIONAL INTIMACY
AND SUPPORT
FUNCTIONS OF THE FAMILY
PROVIDING CARE AND ATTENTION
FUNCTIONS OF THE FAMILY
PROVIDING SOCIAL STATUS
FUNCTIONS OF THE FAMILY
PROVIDING MECHANISM FOR SOCIAL
CONTROL
FUNCTIONS OF THE FAMILY
SERVES AS THE INDIVIDUAL’S FIRST
AND FOREMOST SCHOOL WHERE EVERY
CHILD LEARNS THE BASIC LESSON IN
LIFE
FUNCTIONS OF THE FAMILY
PROVIDING MAINTENANCE OF ORDER
FUNCTIONS OF THE FAMILY
PROVIDING PLACEMENT OF MEMBERS
IN A LARGER SOCIETY
FUNCTIONS OF THE FAMILY
MAINTAINING MOTIVATION AND
MORALE
ART OF PARENTING
ART OF PARENTING
SEVEN TACTICS OF ADEQUATE PARENTING

1. Notice
what the
child is doing.
ART OF PARENTING
SEVEN TACTICS OF ADEQUATE PARENTING
2. keep tract of
the child’s
behaviour over a
long period of
time.
ART OF PARENTING
SEVEN TACTICS OF ADEQUATE PARENTING
3. act in
ways you
want your
child to act
ART OF PARENTING
SEVEN TACTICS OF ADEQUATE PARENTING

4. clearly state
the rule the child
is expected to
obey.
ART OF PARENTING
SEVEN TACTICS OF ADEQUATE PARENTING
5. consistently
apply the
same
punishment for
violations of
the rules
ART OF PARENTING
SEVEN TACTICS OF ADEQUATE PARENTING

6. consistently
reward
conformity.
ART OF PARENTING
SEVEN TACTICS OF ADEQUATE PARENTING
7. negotiate
disagreements
so that they
get settled
rather than
escalate.
THE KINSHIP SYSTEM
KINSHIP
Kinship system is universal and it provides
the individual with a circle of socially
defined relatives and generally along
blood ties or genealogy and embodied
interpersonal relations among kin.
BASIS OF KINSHIP
BASIS OF KINSHIP
COMMON ANCESTRY
Refers to people from
the same or common
biological origin. It may
be supplemented by
other recognized ties
such as adoption,
marriage, or affinal ties.
BASIS OF KINSHIP
PSEUDO KINSHIP
May also be considered as a source of relationships. It
may be illustrated through any of the following:
1. figurative kinship
 Ex lola or grandmother to express seniority

2. Fictive or artificial kinship


 Ex son for son-in-law

3. Ritual kinship
 Ex compadre or ritual co-parenthood
CHANGING MARITAL ROLES
CHANGING MARITAL ROLES
BASIC FACTORS AFFECTING MARITAL
ROLES
1. historical setting or the social
and economic situation at a
particular time.
2. the socioeconomic status of the
family.
3. Unforseen situations and
special circumstances.
4. Personal aspirations.
CHANGING MARITAL ROLES
THE NEW FAMILY CODE
Art. 69 – the husband and wife now jointly fix the family
domicile
Art. 70-71 – the husband and wife are jointly responsible
for the support and management of the family and
household.
Art. 96 & 124 – the administration and enjoyment of the
communal property or the conjugal partnership belong to
both spouses jointly
CHANGING MARITAL ROLES
THE NEW FAMILY CODE
Art. 73 – the husband or wife may exercise any legitimate
profession, occupation, business, or activity without the
consent of the other
Art. 55 – the grounds for legal separation such as sexual
infidelity or perversion may be applied or be invoked
equally by either spouses
Art. 211-212 – the husband and wife jointly exercise
parental authority over their common children, in case of
disagreement, the husband’s decision prevails.
END OF TOPIC