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TWENTY-EIGHTH YEAR, NO. 1466 CANADA’S POLITICS AND GOVERNMENT NEWSPAPER MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 2017 $5.00

Opinion Politics News Liberal nominations

Morneau’s handling of tax Liberal Party


seeks input
reform will be a make or from MPs
on potential
break issue for government protection from
The Finance
nomination
Department can challenges
win any battle when
Liberal MP Alexandra
there is a broad split
Mendes says most of her
in public opinion on
caucus colleagues would go
a tax measure. for ‘outright protection.’
At this point, there BY ABBAS RANA
do not seem to be
many voices siding L iberal MPs say the party brass is seek-
ing input from them on nomination
rules for held ridings for the 2019 election,
with the Department and have asked them to provide concrete
proposals by scheduling in-person or tele-
of Finance. Finance Minister Bill Morneau, pictured in conference meetings with top Grit officials.
this file photo, did his best to counter that, At last week’s two-day Liberal caucus
repeating his view that doctors should not get retreat in Kelowna, B.C., top party officials,
During the GST fight, better tax breaks than nurses or police. But including president Anna Gainey and cam-
the finance minister’s nurses and police are not self-employed while paign co-chair Chris MacInnes, invited MPs
doctors are. The Hill Times file photograph to submit their input and feedback.
viewpoint eventually Liberal MPs told The Hill Times they
carried the day. This time, BY SHEILA COPPS After more than two them what a great job they are would provide their input to the party after
Parliament returns for the fall sitting on
Publications Mail Agreement #40068926

Finance is strongly in months away from the Ottawa doing. On the contrary, riding
Sept. 18. They said their proposals would
favour of a position that
has the potential to create
O TTAWA—Summer
caucuses are always
hot. And when you combine
cocoon, Members of Parlia-
ment are eager to repeat the
views they have heard in their
office hours are usually a
continuum of complaints about
government policies, direc-
be mainly based on their past experience in
seeking the party nomination and the 2015
heated politics with a sunny ridings. Sad to say, most people tions, and future plans. election campaign.
an electoral problem for West Coast location, the tem- don’t make appointments with
the government. perature often rises. Parliamentarians simply to tell Continued on page 9 Continued on page 29

News Indigenous affairs

INAC split a ‘game-changer’ but more steps needed


to truly redefine Indigenous relations: sources
called a “game-changer” for Indigenous define its new relationship with Indigenous Peoples] recommendation, but the royal
BY LAURA RYCKEWAERT
relations in Canada, but former deputy peoples. commission put a couple of significant

T he splitting up of Indigenous and


Northern Affairs Canada is being
minister Scott Serson says the government
should first issue a royal proclamation to
“They’re saying this is a reflection of an
RCAP [Royal Commission on Aboriginal Continued on page 30
2 MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 2017 | THE HILL TIMES

phone interview Sept. 8, which is when she Tweet replies came from many people
turned 75, the age of mandatory retirement. from all parties, including Conservative
She was appointed to the Senate in 2001 MP Scott Reid who said “if anyone can

Heard on the Hill


by prime minister Jean Chrétien, and spent juggle being a minister and a mom all at
much of her time on topics ranging from once, it’s you!”
landmines, culture, fisheries, agriculture, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau also
and veterans affairs. tweet replied: “fantastic-we needed more
During her time she was the deputy young people on the team!”
by Shruti Shekar chair of the Fisheries and Oceans Commit- Congratulations also came from other
tee, which she indicated was an important cabinet ministers including Foreign Affairs
committee for her province. Minister Chrystia Freeland and Status of

Politicians send kids back “All of the studies and all of the work
that we did on fisheries was of real impor-
tance, and I think I will look back not only
on the dedicated Senators who were on the
Women Minister Maryam Monsef.

Policy Magazine to host


to school before they go committee, but also on how determined
they were to address the issues,” she said.
She also sat on the Agriculture and For-
panel discussion on NAFTA
In case you wanted to learn more about

back to Parliament
estry Committee, “which speaks loudly to
P.E.I.” Other committees she sat on includ- the trilateral trade deal between Mexico,
ed the Aboriginal Peoples Committee and Canada, and the U.S., Policy Magazine will
the subcommittee for Veterans Affairs. be hosting a panel discussion Sept. 19 in
Ms. Hubley noted that she worked well advance of the third round of talks.
Conservative MP Erin The second round of the NAFTA talks con-
with all Senators and MPs, but particu-
O’Toole’s daughter cluded in Mexico Sept. 5 and the third round
larly those from her province. There are
Mollie headed to will be hosted in Ottawa from Sept. 23 to 27.
four MPs, all Liberal, from P.E.I.: Sean
Grade 6 and his son The panelists will include Sarah Gold-
Casey, Wayne Easter, Agriculture Minister
Jack to Grade 1, both feder, principal at Earnscliffe Strategy Group
Lawrence MacAulay, and Robert Mor-
pictured on the left and former U.S. diplomat, Meredith Lilly,
rissey. The three remaining Senators repre-
dog Wexford, while Simon Reisman chair in international affairs
senting P.E.I. are Liberal Percy Downe, and
Innovation Minister at Carleton University and former interna-
Independents Diane Griffin and Mike Duffy.
Navdeep Bains made tional trade adviser to former prime minister
Prior to joining the Senate, Ms. Hubley
sure daughters Kirpan Stephen Harper, and Don Newman, senior
was provincial MLA in Prince Edward
Kaur, left, and Nanki counsel at Navigator and Ensight Canada
Island between 1989 and 1996. Looking
Kaur both made it to and chair of think-tank Canada 2020.
ahead though, Ms. Hubley, plans to run
school. Photographs The three are also columnists for Policy
the dance studio that she used to manage
courtesy of Erin Magazine’s latest issue, which delves into
before joining politics. She is also a fiddler
O’Toole’s and Navdeep trade-related topics, particularly NAFTA.
and is part of a fiddle group.
Bains’ Twitter The magazine’s editor, Ian MacDonald,
“A lot of those things sort of get shoved
to the background, and I’m looking for- will moderate the discussion between them
ward now to doing some [of this] work,” on Sept. 19.
T he House is just one week away from
resuming, but September is also back-
to-school season, and parenting politicians
if you’re not feeling okay, ask for help! We
all need help sometimes. 4. Take chances
(healthy ones!). 5 After you retweet this,
she said.
She also plans to spend more time
The event will be hosted at the Rideau
Club on 99 Bank St. from 12 p.m. to 1:30 p.m.
with her family and work on some of her Details on ticket prices and reservations
have been documenting their children’s spend less time online & more time in the are available on the magazine’s website.
scholarly experiences on social media. real world. The real world is tough & messy hobbies, which include oil painting and
Innovation Minister Navdeep Bains but it’s where you’ll grow. 6. Have fun! needlework.
tweeted pictures of himself walking his two When you’re old you’ll look back fondly on James Travers journalism
daughters, Kirpan Kaur and Nanki Kaur,
to school on Sept. 5. Canada 2020 snags Obama fellowship open for
this time,” Mr. Singh tweeted.

Hubley retires from Senate as conference guest


“The #journey begins again! The First
day of school brings so much happiness submissions
and pride in our home,” he tweeted. “Wish- Bluesky Strategy Group’s
ing every #Student much success this yr.” Liberal Sen- The Carleton University R. James Trav-
principal Susan Smith con- ers Foreign corresponding fellowship is
Conservative MP Erin O’Toole also ator Elizabeth
firmed in a LinkedIn post last now accepting applications from journal-
tweeted a picture of his two kids. His son Hubley retired
week that former U.S. presi- ists for a project to be completed in 2018.
Jack, is heading to Grade 1 and daughter last week after
dent Barack Obama will be Fellowship recipients will receive
Mollie, who is going to Grade 6. Their fam- serving in the
a guest at Canada 2020’s $25,000 that covers travel, reporting and
ily dog, Wexford, also decided to dress up Upper Cham-
lunch event at the end research, a press release Sept. 5 said.
for school. ber for 16 years
Elizabeth Hubley plays the of the month The fellowship commemorates James
And if you’re kids were dreading to go as one of four
fiddle on Parliament Hill on The think-tank Travers, who was a reporter, foreign
back to school, don’t worry; NDP leader- representing
will host the 44th
ship candidate and Ontario MPP Jagmeet the province of National Fiddle Day. Barack Obama. correspondent, and general manager of
president of the Southam News, editor of The Ottawa
Singh imparted some advice on Twitter. Prince Edward Island.
United States between Citizen, executive managing editor of The
“1. You are incredible and amazing just “It was a great honour to serve Canada as
12 and 2 p.m. at the Metro Toronto Conven- Toronto Star, and national columnist for
because you’re you. 2. School can be tough a Senator. … Certainly it will be one of my
tion Centre in downtown Toronto on Sept. The Star when he died March 3, 2011, the
but you’re tougher than you know. 3. But cherished memories,” said Ms. Hubley in a
29, information on Canada 2020’s website press release noted.
said. It added that Mr. Travers believed “Cana-
It added that Mr. Obama will “deliver a dians deserve first-hand, in-depth coverage
Diversity dividend: keynote speech, followed by an on-stage of important stories outside our borders.
interview.”The onstage discussion will be
Canada’s global advantage “on a wide-range of topics.”
He argued passionately that it is crucial for
Canadian reporters to ‘bear witness’—be-
There are no individual ticket sales cause in our interconnected world, ‘foreign’
September 21, 2017 and only tables of 10 can be purchased for news is local news.”
$1,000 each. For more information, head The application deadline is Oct. 23 and
7:30 am - 8:45 am over to Canada 2020’s website. is open to all journalists, whether you’re a
Parliamentary Restaurant, Centre Block student or currently working, and in any
$25—Free for parliamentarians and media Democratic Institutions medium.
Also don’t forget, the James Travers
Breakfast included Minister Gould is expecting debates are also coming up soon. It will be
What is the relationship between diversity and economic held at the Shaw Centre in Ottawa on Oct.
prosperity? Join Bessma Momani and Jillian Stirk as a new family member 18.
Split into two debates, one serious and
they present the results and policy recommendations from a
Democratic Institutions one funny, the former will be between
year-long research project that shows a positive correlation Minister Karina Gould Shachi Kurl, executive director of polling
between workplace diversity, revenue and productivity in announced Sept. 5 that company Angus Reid Institute, and iPoli-
Canada. This finding has important implications for both federal she and her husband will tics’s Stephen Maher, an email sent to The
policy and public discourse on issues of diversity, immigration, be welcoming a child in Hill Times said.
and the strength of the Canadian economy. (In English, with March 2018. The two will “debate the resolution that
Bessma Momani, Jillian Stirk,
Senior Fellow, Former Ambassador simultaneous interpretation into French via cell phone.) “I wanted to let you Canada is not immune to the populism
Centre for International and Assistant Deputy know that I’m going to which resulted in the election of” U.S.
Governance, Minister, Trudeau Mentor This event is sponsored by the Pierre Elliott be bringing on a new President Donald Trump, it said.
University of Waterloo Trudeau Foundation. team member very The email also added “the fun debate
soon,” Ms. Gould said will be about [Prime Minister Justin
in a video posted to Trudeau’s] choice of unconventional
Karina Gould. Twitter. “And I think socks,” for which players are still to be
ideas-idees.ca/bigthinking it’s important for you determined.
to know because this little person is going sshekar@hilltimes.com
#bigthinking to be with me constantly.“ The Hill Times
The fighter they send
to the front.
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4 MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 2017 | THE HILL TIMES

News Technology & government

Public-sector expert
roads can be more narrow; they Making decisions on invest-
don’t have to be as wide. It totally ments in things such as social ser-
transforms traffic congestion be- vices and policing can be based
cause the cars can be much closer on more on facts with artificial

recommends government together.”


Mr. Eggers said in the late
1990s and early 2000s, the Cana-
dian government was among the
intelligence as opposed to “intu-
ition,” as happens now, he added.
A study Deloitte released this
year that showed that investment

technological overhauls be top governments in the world at


utilizing cutting-edge technology
to improve its services. However,
he said it wasn’t “a major priority”
and usage of AI in the U.S. federal
government could allow it cut 1.2
billion hours from the 4.3 billion
work hours employees put in

done in smaller increments under the former Conservative


government of Stephen Harper.
He said the current Liberal
government of Prime Minister
every year, within the next five to
seven years, representing a cut of
almost 30 per cent in the amount
of human work done and annual
William Eggers, Justin Trudeau (Papineau, Que.) savings of US$41.1-billion in salary.
Phoenix, Shared director of has signalled that it’s ready to get Yet, this illustrates a reason
Deloitte’s Center for back to adopting technology at a many people are uncomfortable
Services, and Canada. Government Insights rapid rate. with AI—the fear that scores of
ca are a few examples in Washington,
D.C., is a believer
Mr. Benay said he’s largely
in agreement with Mr. Eggers in
jobs will become obsolete and
disappear in the coming years.
of federal government in technology’s
potential to improve
terms of the benefits of utilizing
digital technology to improve
In response to such worries,
Mr. Eggers argued that, through-
technology projects government, but government operations. An out human history, improvements
says there are important element he said the have constantly been made in
gone wrong. better ways of doing government has to focus on is technology. While it has proven to
major technological recruiting people with the right be disruptive and has cost some
BY DEREK ABMA transformations than technological skills into gov- people their jobs, such changes
what’s been seen ernment, and better matching have resulted in more and better-
the skillsets and tasks of those paying jobs, overall.
G overnments should not waver
from pushing ahead with
technological changes to improve
with governments
around the world.
Photograph courtesy
already there.
“Sometimes we have those
“We don’t have a lot of people
who are horse-and-buggy driv-
the way they operate despite of Deloitte people internally and we don’t ers anymore, or people who are
several examples—such as the necessarily marry the skill to the making widgets; I could go on and
Phoenix pay system for federal William Eggers, director of would allow government to re- right program,” he said. on,” he said. “We have a history of
employees—turning into disas- Deloitte’s Center for Government place their older technology more Mr. Eggers said governments new technologies coming in and
ters, says a U.S. public-sector Insights in Washington, D.C., is gradually, rather than the “rip- generally lag the private sector certain jobs, over time, go down or
expert who was in Ottawa last an advocate for harnessing the and-replace method,” where there in their adoption of technology. might go away altogether. But new
week. power of technology to improve is no backup if a new system Reasons for this, he said, includ- jobs are created. We’ve always cre-
The Phoenix pay system, government and was in Ottawa doesn’t work. ing a lack of the competitive pres- ated more jobs from technological
turned on last year, was supposed last week for a pair of speaking The Canadian government’s sures that exist in the free market, change than have been destroyed
to bring efficiencies to the govern- engagements on Sept. 6—at the chief information officer, Alex a shortage of skills among staff, over time. And I think we’ll do the
ment’s payroll system and save it Canada School of Public Service Benay, appeared with Mr. Eggers competing priorities, and fund- same thing here.”
$70-million a year. Instead, costs and the Public Policy Forum. during his speaking engagements ing limitations. On the brighter He noted 50 years ago, most
to deal with the delays and inaccu- The online promo for a book Mr. in Ottawa last week, and he side, he said government is able government workers had cleri-
rate pay amounts going to public Eggers wrote—Delivering on Digi- agrees with his views about doing to adopt technology in a less cal jobs, and while most of those
servants, and fix the system, cost tal, released last year—highlights government technology overhauls risky manner by assessing what’s jobs are gone now, government
the government $50-million last the initially disastrous HealthCare. in smaller chunks. worked and what hasn’t in the employment in the Canadian and
year and was expected to cost gov website that went live in 2013 “The key to it is to do develop- private sector. U.S. has grown, with a bigger
another $142-million over the next and was meant to provide informa- ment and execution in short bursts proportion of such employment
two years, on top of wiping out ex- tion on health-insurance plans in and to continually rearrange your Artificial intelligence, made up of higher-paying jobs.
pected savings that were projected conjunction with former U.S. presi- direction,” said Mr. Benay. But even more dire fears about
during the first three years of op- dent Barack Obama’s signature He said governments should friend or foe AI exist. Authorities no less than
eration, according to information health-care reform. accept that attempts at techno- The Deloitte public-sector Stephen Hawking have predicted
the government put out in May. In an interview last week, Mr. logical improvement won’t always expert said greater integration of that AI could ultimately lead to
The initial cost of implementing Eggers said that while he doesn’t work out, but “we do have to get artificial intelligence into govern- the extinction of humankind if
Phoenix was $309.5-million. have all the details about some better at failing faster and failing ment processes will be key to op- its level of intelligence surpasses
In terms of progress on the of the Canadian government’s more often even, but smaller- erational and financial improve- that of humans.
Phoenix pay issues, a webpage set technological issues, governments scale. Let’s not do a $300-million ments in the years ahead. Mr. Eggers said if this sur-
up by Public Services and Procure- around the world have regularly thing. I’d rather do 30 $10-million “Artificial intelligence will be passing of human intelligence by
ment Canada said that as of Aug. failed in bringing major technol- things, and then we can readjust, the most important technology technology—known as “negative
23 the public service pay centre ogy projects to fruition, and there rearrange, readjust, rearrange.” impacting our lives, our society, singularity”—does happen, it’s
was working on 237,000 problem- are some common elements in Mr. Eggers said the benefits our businesses, and our govern- not expected to until some time
atic transactions beyond its normal many of these cases. of advancing technological use ments over the next decade,” Mr. between 2040 and 2075, which “is
workload of 80,000 per month. That “The scale of some of these in government includes reducing Eggers said. “I think there’s very a long ways away.”
amount had risen from 228,000 on projects is much bigger in govern- costs, improving services and ex- little doubt about that.” “Right now, computers and AI
July 26. Another graphic showed ment than even some of the big- periences for citizens, and essen- Some of the areas where are able to do narrow tasks and
that 80,000 new cases had come in gest private-sector enterprises,” he tially “reimagining government in we’re seeing signs of this, he said, narrow things, trained by humans.
between those two dates, but only said. “So the level of complexity is multitude of different ways.” include developments in the area … The key thing is educating peo-
71,000 were processed. extraordinarily high.” “[Digitization is] the enabler of of autonomous vehicles,“smart” ple on just where the technology is
Still, the website shows that He added that the procure- the century, really,” he said. kitchens, and various mechanisms right now, how advanced it really
as of Aug. 23 the pay centre was ment process for these projects Mr. Eggers said government dependent on the collection of data. is, what it can do for you, what the
dealing with 49 per cent of its often lasts several years, result- departments focused on transpor- When you look at government, risks are, what they aren’t, and be-
problematic transactions within ing in outdated technology put in tation, for example, are going to he said, there are opportunities ing intelligent about it.”
target range of 20 to 45 days, up place by the time projects become find their objectives completely to use AI to reduce the amount of He said too many people are
from 35 per cent on July 26. operational. turned upside-down in the com- “tedious” and “manual” work peo- scared of AI because they don’t
Another update to these Mr. Eggers has suggestions for ing years as a result of techno- ple have to do, and “allow them to understand it, despite using it ev-
numbers was expected later how governments can improve logical advancements. focus more time and attention on ery day with technology like Siri,
this month. Following a cabinet their track records when it comes “Right now, departments of mission-critical tasks.” Amazon Echo, Netflix recommen-
shuffle last month, Carla Qual- to technological-transformation transportation, they build roads, Mr. Eggers said this can free dations, and other things.
trough (Delta, B.C.) is the new projects, including “no more blind they build bridges, they do traf- people up to “do all sorts of things Mr. Benay said it’s too early to
Public Services minister and the marriages” with companies who fic management,” he said. “But that were previously just were not say exactly what AI’s ultimate im-
person who will be looked to for provide the products and services. increasingly, it’s going to be about possible.” pact will be on society, economi-
ultimately fixing the problem. “Shorten the request-for- mobility, getting people from one He added: “There’s no area of cally or existentially. However, he
Other technological projects proposal time periods, ask them if place to another through a shared government that won’t be affected said it’s important for the govern-
that have gone awry for the fed- they’ve built a working prototype public and private approach, by AI over the next decade.” ment be involved in the technol-
eral government in recent years, in … [and] try them out,” he said. where automobiles and trucks Even foreign affairs work ogy and understand any potential
terms of failing to achieve antici- He added that governments will be autonomous. … Many will be subject to technological risks that may arise.
pated performance improvements, should approach technology over- people won’t necessarily own change, Mr. Eggers noted. “With “We’re at the infancy in this,
savings, and/or meet set timelines, hauls in smaller parts. cars. They’ll call up—like they call machine translation and the abil- which means it’s very important
include the creation of the Shared “What you’re doing is you’re up an Uber today—an autono- ity to translate text from speech for the government to be a part
Services Canada IT department breaking those mega-projects into mous vehicle. from one language to the other, of the discussion, not absent from
and the plan to amalgamate fed- smaller batches with faster cycle “And that changes everything there’s obvious implications for the discussion,” he said.
eral government websites within times,” Mr. Eggers said. about how government provides foreign relations, defence, and news@hilltimes.com
the Canada.ca portal. Such an approach, he said, transportation infrastructure. The intelligence.” The Hill Times
6 MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 2017 | THE HILL TIMES

Comment

Small business tax reform


a test of Trudeau’s nerve 
What the Liberals need now G ATINEAU, QUE.—Justin Trudeau’s
proposal to eliminate loopholes in the
small business tax is a modest step in the
advantages and have been doing so in
increasing numbers.
Small businesses generally have long
is nerve, a more detailed direction of tax fairness and Finance Minis- enjoyed favourable tax treatment—the Canada’s federal Finance Minister Bill
defence of their policy and ter Bill Morneau is, in many ways, an ideal
spear-carrier for reform. These may not be
most generous in the G7—justified on the
grounds that a 15 per cent rate, and other
Morneau, pictured in a scrum on the Hill.
The Hill Times file photograph
faith that average Canadians popular claims in medical clinics, upscale perks, will encourage them to expand, to
salons, and most editorial boardrooms, but create jobs for other Canadians and to
will stand with them, despite that doesn’t mean they aren’t true. contribute to overall prosperity. But the the very wealthy—those whose savings
The uber-polite Morneau isn’t cabinet’s tax measures the Liberals are targeting already exceed the generous limits imposed
the noise coming from a most dynamic pitchman, true, but, as a do nothing of the kind: they simply allow on RRSP and TSFA contributions. Far from
former Bay Street executive, he knows the wealthy incorporated individuals to pay
well-heeled minority, and many legal, if morally questionable, ways far less personal income tax than salaried
a heartless attack on hard-working entrepre-
neurs who forgo some of the benefits that
their well-paid lobbyists, who that the wealthy avoid paying their fair
share of taxes. Like Paul Martin and for-
workers in the same brackets, and to amass
larger retirement nest eggs, at favourable
salaried employees receive—EI coverage,
defined benefit pensions, sick leave—this
are loudly protesting this mer Conservative Party finance minister, rates, than are available to everyone else. measure targets wealthy savers who should
Jim Flaherty, Morneau is a former insider These simple facts have been lost in not need subsidies from everyone else.
unexpected attack on their in a club that few can afford to join. the Conservatives’ aggressive and effec- The third, and most complicated fix
What the Liberals need now is nerve, a tive social media campaign against the tax would stop incorporated small businesses
long-standing privileges. more detailed defence of their policy and changes, led by deputy leader Lisa Raitt, from converting their earnings into capital
faith that average Canadians will stand easily their sharpest performer. The right- gains, again to benefit from lower rates.
with them, despite the noise coming from wing critique is overwrought, misleading— Those benefitting from these measures
a well-heeled minority, and their well-paid portraying well-paid doctors as candidates claim they are an important factor in
lobbyists, who are loudly protesting this for the food bank, metaphorically-speak- compensating business owners for the
unexpected attack on their long-standing ing—and not particularly Conservative. risks they take and the responsibilities
privileges. (What do they want? Special tax Brian Mulroney’s finance minister, Michael they have as employers. But surely there
treatment for the one-percent! When do Wilson, was an ardent supporter of a flatter are more direct and effective measures—
they want it? Always!) tax system, with fewer loopholes for special tax write-offs based on the number of jobs
The Liberals also need to clarify that interests in favour of lower overall rates. created, enhanced incentives for business
they are not targeting small business per That’s not today’s Conservative Party. expansions—that reward risk rather than
Susan Riley se—the couple that runs the corner store, The mantra now, in Stephen Harper’s encouraging tax avoidance?
the farm family, the neighbourhood day memorable words, is that “all taxes are The blow-back—including interventions
Impolitic care owners—but, rather, well-paid doc- bad.” And, all special breaks—however at a town hall in Kelowna last week from a
tors, dentists and other professionals who unjustifiable, outdated or unfair—must couple of disgruntled women physicians—
incorporate themselves solely for the tax be defended to the death. And who better hasn’t yet hurt the Liberals in the polls.
to wield the broad-axe than Scheer’s new In fact, the latest sounding has them eight
finance critic, the hyper-partisan career points ahead of the Conservatives at 42
politician, Pierre Poilievre? per cent approval. And despite some tough
As to the actual reforms, the scandal is questions, Trudeau was greeted warmly in
that they have survived this long, not that interior British Columbia last week, with
they are finally being challenged. “Income thousands flocking to see him and his min-
sprinkling” is a particularly egregious ex- isters at their pre-session retreat.
ample of rank favouritism masquerading as On top of that, great economic news:
good policy. Under this provision, incorpo- Canada’s economy grew by 4.5 per cent
rated individuals— including doctors, and in the last quarter, the strongest show-
others, who run small offices—can sprinkle ing since the 2008 recession. As a result
their income among family members over interest rates are up again, the loonie is
the age of 18, whether the young adult is strengthening and jobs are being created.
active in the business or not. That way, they This isn’t entirely the result of canny Lib-
lower their reportable income and their tax. eral fiscal management—Canada’s open
Few would object to special tax treat- economy is greatly influenced by global
ment for family members who are genuine- trends—but it undercuts Andrew Scheer’s
ly involved—a lawyer’s son who is also her glib claims that free-spending, high-taxing
researcher, for instance; a nursery, where Liberals are driving the economy off a cliff.
the sons and daughters help customers and For all that, the small business tax
make deliveries—but to sprinkle income reforms don’t make Liberals champions
randomly among family members? Legal, of the average worker. Morneau backed
but cynical to say the least. away from a proposal to close a stock op-
It used to be worse. In 1999, Jean Chré- tion loophole that allows CEOs, his former
tien eliminated the so-called “kiddie tax” Bay Street colleagues, to shelter their huge
which allowed small business owners to incomes—and that would have restored
include all children (if not the family dog) untold millions to the federal treasury.
in the tax-lowering measure. Since then, As well, efforts to end tax havens used by
only youth aged 18 to 24 can be included, corporations to avoid Canadian taxes have
a provision further strengthened in 2003 been fitful.
by the Harper government. Now Morneau Meanwhile, the Liberals are consider-
wants businesses to prove that family ing refinements to their latest reforms to,
members are actually contributing to the presumably, avoid unintended collateral
business before claiming their participa- damage to the large number of small busi-
tion for tax purposes. nesses that only squeak by every year. They
This entirely reasonable request is be- may also extend consultations beyond their
ing denounced as government meddling by self-imposed October deadline. That could
lobbyists. allow opposition to build, of course, but it
Another provision allows small busi- also gives them more time to lay out the
nesses to park profits in so-called “passive simple justice of what they are proposing.
investments”—money to be used for future It is also true that the whole tax system
expansion, or to cover slow periods. In needs reform, not just small business
reality, many incorporated professionals provisions— an ambitious, long-overdue,
use this vehicle for retirement savings, but politically risky course. But, for now,
arguing that they are not eligible for public tweaks to close loopholes for the well-com-
or private pensions. pensated will have to suffice. If nothing
But they can use TFSAs and RRSPs, like else, they are a reminder that governments
other Canadians, and pay the same level are elected to protect the public interest,
of taxes when the money is redeemed. This not to line the pockets of wealthy friends.
“passive” investment vehicle mostly benefits The Hill Times
THE HILL TIMES | MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 2017 7

Sexual harassment News

Alberta Liberals to investigate allegations


of sexual harassment against Kang
Former provincial
staffer Kirstin Morrell,
who levelled sexual
harassment allegations
against Liberal-turned-
Independent MP
Darshan Kang, said she
has not been consulted
by the Alberta Liberal
Party, and will consider
whether to participate
in the investigation after Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, pictured Aug. 27 at Ottawa’s gay pride parade, has not answered
learning the details. questions about sexual harassment allegations against former Liberal-turned-Independant MP Darshan
Kang. The Hill Times photograph by Andrew Meade

BY ABBAS RANA Chief


Government
The Alberta Liberal Party is Whip Pablo
planning on conducting interviews Rodriguez,
with current and former Liberal pictured in this
staffers following allegations of file photo on
sexual harassment from former the Hill with
Alberta Liberal staffer Kirstin Leslie O’Leary,
Morrell against former two-term director
Alberta MLA and now MP Dar- of issues
shan Kang to find out if there are management to
any more complaints. Infrastructure
Alberta Liberal Leader David Minister
Khan said in a statement that the Amarjeet Sohi.
sexual harassment allegations The Hill Times
from Ms. Morrell reported in The file photograph
Hill Times two weeks ago against
Mr. Kang (Calgary Skyview,
Alta.) are “deeply concerning” and
described the alleged behaviour
as “repugnant and has no place in Two women have accused first-time Liberal MP Darshan
society.” Kang of sexual harassment. The Hill Times file photograph
“As leader of the Liberal Party,
I find these allegations deeply
concerning,” said Mr. Khan, who estimated that it happened to her “They’d have to approach me Mr. Kang on Thursday, Aug. 31, want my present circumstances
was elected party leader in June. about 15 times during her job. first,” said Ms. Morrell. “I would the Alberta MP resigned from the to further distract from any of the
He promised to share all “rel- She said whenever she had to consider it.” Liberal caucus a few hours after good work being carried out by
evant information” to “all investi- consult Mr. Kang about any work- A 24-year-old female staffer who the story came out. He is now sit- my colleagues in the government.”
gating bodies.” related issues, she would try to had worked in Mr. Kang’s current ting as an Independent MP. No allegation against Mr. Kang
Prior to getting elected as an meet him outside of his personal MP’s constituency office filed a sex- In written public statements, has been proven in a court of law.
MP in the 2015 federal election, office to avoid any potential situa- ual harassment complaint with Chief Mr. Kang has denied all allega- Ms. Morrell said she decided
Mr. Kang, 66, served as a two- tion in which he would touch her. Government Whip Pablo Rodriguez’s tions and has vowed to defend his to go public with her allegations
term Alberta MLA between 2008 But she said he would insist on (Honoré-Mercier, Que.) office in June. “reputation at all costs.” because the other staffer was on the
and 2015. He’s now one of the two meeting her inside his personal Mr. Rodriguez referred the complaint “While I cannot comment direct- receiving end of criticism on social
Liberal MPs from Calgary, along office. to the chief human resources officer ly on an open, ongoing investigation, media for filing a complaint against
with Sport and Persons with Dis- “At first, I would say, ‘No, no, Pierre Parent.The staffer also worked I continue to proclaim my innocence Mr. Kang. Also, because Mr. Kang
abilities Minister Kent Hehr (Cal- let’s do this outside of your office.’ for the 66-year-old MP when he was and will defend my reputation at all in a public statement had denied
gary Centre, Alta.). This marked He’d say ‘Oh, no, no, come inside an Alberta legislator. She moved over costs,”said Mr. Kang on Aug. 29. the other staffer’s allegations, she
the first time the federal Liberals my office. There’s no problem, to the federal constituency office And in response to allegations decided to come forward to share
have won seats in Calgary since there’s no problem,’ ” she said. after Mr. Kang got elected in the last from Ms. Morrell, he told The Hill her own experience, she said.
1968. In total, the Liberals won “I’d come inside his office and federal election. Times on Aug. 30: “I fully deny any “My only motivation was that he
four seats in Alberta, including sit down. And, then he’d sit down Since officially filing the com- allegations of misconduct. I have had been denying these allegations
two in Edmonton. next to me and lean in and grab plaint, the staffer has not done any always acted with the utmost pro- in the case of the complainant,” said
Ms. Morrell, who now is 37 my breasts, or kiss me. And I’d say media interviews, but her father fessionalism and integrity and I will Ms. Morrell last week.“I did not feel
and owns a small business in ‘stop,’ and he would start to get told The Toronto Star last month continue to work to clear my name.” he was being truthful because of my
Calgary, served as a constituency very forceful about demanding that that Mr. Kang gave his daugh- In his resignation letter on Aug. own personal experience.”
office assistant in Mr. Kang’s I stay,” said Ms. Morrell, adding that ter “unwelcome hugs,” held and 31, Mr. Kang said he’s resigning from Mr. Kang declined a comment
constituency office for about 13 it happened mostly in the last few stroked her hand during car rides, the Liberal caucus to clear his name. for this article.
months between 2011-12. In an months of her employment. and once invited her to an Ottawa “I wish to focus my efforts at Alex McCuaig, chief of staff to
interview with The Hill Times two In an interview with The Hill apartment, where he offered her this time on clearing my name,” the Speaker of Alberta’s legislative
weeks ago, she accused Mr. Kang Times last week, Ms. Morrell said wine and “pulled at her jacket to said Mr. Kang. “I appreciate that assembly, declined to say if the legis-
of groping and kissing her several she had not received any com- try to get her to take it off.” He Parliament has provided for due lature is conducting an investigation
times during her employment. munications from the provincial also alleged in the same interview process, and a fair and objective based on Ms. Morrell’s allegations.
“He doesn’t understand or seem Liberal Party about the internal that the Alberta MP subsequently policy for resolving this matter. I “We don’t comment on these
to care about the word ‘no’ or about investigation and was unaware if offered his daughter a series of also very much appreciate that I kinds of investigations. These com-
the word ‘stop,’ ” said Ms. Morrell. there’s any ongoing investigation. payments, “escalating to a total of am being provided an opportunity plaints can be sensitive and the com-
“When I worked in his office, She said if the party approached $100,000,” to stop her from sharing to provide my perspective to the plainants sometimes wish to remain
he would come up, and he would her, she would make a decision on the allegations with her parents. independent investigator of the anonymous,”Mr. McCuaig said.
grab my breasts, he would make whether to take part in this inves- After The Hill Times reported Chief Human Resources Office arana@hilltimes.com
me sit next to him,” she said, and tigation after learning the details. Ms. Morrell’s allegations against of Parliament. However, I do not The Hill Times
8 MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 2017 | THE HILL TIMES

EDITOR Kate Malloy DEPUTY EDITOR Peter Mazereeuw PUBLISHED EVERY MONDAY AND WEDNESDAY BY PUBLISHERS Anne Marie Creskey,
DEPUTY EDITOR Derek Abma ASSISTANT DEPUTY EDITOR Abbas Rana HILL TIMES PUBLISHING INC. Jim Creskey, Ross Dickson
MANAGING EDITOR Kristen Shane DIGITAL EDITOR Marco Vigliotti 246 Queen Street, Ottawa, Ontario K1P 5E4 PUBLISHER/VICE PRESIDENT Don Turner
GENERAL MANAGER, CFO Andrew Morrow

Editorial Letters to the Editor

Feds need to sell closing Pharmacare: don’t let NAFTA


2.0 stand in the way
of tax loopholes better C anada is closer today than ever before
to achieving a public prescription drug
As nurses, we know the lack of coverage
and high prices continue to force millions
plan for everyone. Provinces, cities, labour of patients in Canada to reduce dosages
T he Liberal government claims to be
making another move toward creating
a level playing field between the wealthy
organized support for these measures,
and in the absence of such, Liberal gov-
ernment is going to have to do most of its
unions, businesses, doctors, nurses, health-
care workers, economists, and patient
or avoid taking prescriptions altogether.
Patients become sicker, lives are threatened,
groups have come together to form one of and, too often, avoidable tragedies occur. In
and everyone else. own lifting in this battle.
the broadest coalitions in Canadian his- fact, nearly one in four Canadian house-
This time it involves closing loopholes Finance Minster Bill Morneau’s office
tory—in favour of a national pharmacare holds report members not having the money
that allow professionals to lighten their has said individuals making less than
program. Nevertheless, NAFTA poses an to take prescription medicines as prescribed.
tax load by registering themselves as $150,000 in income will see little effect
existential threat to the dream of estab- Pharmacare also holds the key to
corporations. from the measures that have been sug-
lishing such a program. After two rounds unlocking billions in health-care dollars
On the surface, the plan seems consis- gested. He has to repeat this over and
of NAFTA 2.0 negotiations, the Canadian currently being wasted by the inefficient
tent with the Liberals’ general motto of over, not only for the public to believe
Federation of Nurses Unions (CFNU) is multi-payer system. A recent CFNU-
helping the middle class prosper, helping him, but also his own Liberal caucus—
calling on federal negotiators to defend commissioned report, penned by econo-
more people enter the middle class, and many of whom Jean Chrétien might have
Canada’s interests and protect our coun- mist Hugh Mackenzie, found that Canada
getting rich people to take on a greater called “Nervous Nellies” back in the day.
try’s pathway to pharmacare. wasted $62-billion health-care dollars
proportion of the country’s tax burden. Last week, Prime Minster Justin
If the Trump administration has its between 2006 and 2015, because a phar-
Yet those who would pay more as a Trudeau started selling this plan more ag-
way in NAFTA 2.0, Canada will be forced macare program wasn’t in place.
result of these proposals are highly orga- gressively, telling a town hall meeting in
to lengthen lucrative monopolies to Big Despite the broad consensus across
nized and seem to be taking an early lead Kelowna, B.C.: “There is nothing in these
Pharma giants for costly and life-saving civil society in favour of pharmacare, and
in the public relations war. A group of 35 proposals that is targeting small, middle-
biologic medications. Billions could be the evidence base to support it, the federal
organizations, including the Canadian class businesses.”
added needlessly to yearly medication government remains the last major hold-
Federation of Independent Business, the He’s going to have to start saying that
costs in Canada. out. Similar to most good policy ideas, the
Canadian Chamber of Commerce, the Ca- more and more for it to stick, making up
This wouldn’t be the first time Canada buck stops at the dollar sign. The federal
nadian Medical Association, and others for much of the silence that has accom-
has conceded to Big Pharma in a trade government’s reluctance seemingly stems
have formed what’s called the Coalition panied these proposals after they were
deal. Two years ago Canada made conces- from the (estimated) sum of $1-billion
for Small Business Tax Fairness. announced in mid-July.
sions on patent terms in the free trade required to launch the program. However,
They claim the measures in question, More importantly, Mr. Trudeau and Mr.
agreement with the European Union. peer-reviewed studies have found that
rather than targeting the wealthy, are Morneau are going to have to go through
Some estimate this will raise prescription pharmacare would save patients, business-
hurting scores of middle-class Canadians, whatever tax measures they settle on
drug costs in Canada by nearly $1-bil- es, and, ultimately, governments upwards
the ones the Liberals say they want to thoroughly to ensure that they in fact do
lion per year when fully implemented. If of $8-billion per year. For once, the math
help, but who just happen to be in busi- what they say they’re going to do.
NAFTA 2.0 generates yet another unnec- isn’t hard: $1-billion to save $8-billion.
ness for themselves. After previously ditched promises on
essary spike in prescription drug prices, As Mackenzie put it, “Politically, [phar-
Interestingly enough, the Canadian electoral reform, the size of deficits this
Canadians will pay—either with their macare] is a no-brainer—eliminate waste
Nurses Association aren’t seeing eye-to- government would be running, and the
pocket books or with their health. Adding and deliver better services.”
eye with their physician colleagues, who number of years these deficits would be
salt to the wounds, rising costs could also It’s long past time for Canada to ex-
are represented by the CMA. Nurses are running, another broken promise—with
dissuade the federal government from pand medicare to include public coverage
supporting the government’s tax propos- direct effects on people’s pocketbooks,
finally introducing a Canada-wide phar- for medications for everyone—let’s not let
als, saying they do in fact make things and that much closer to the next elec-
macare plan. NAFTA stand in our way!
fairer. tion—might actually stick.
Pharmacare is a common sense solu- Linda Silas
Yet, there’s been a dearth so far of The Hill Times
tion to excessively high prescription drug President of the Canadian Federation
costs and the financial barriers to access- of Nurses Union
ing medicines. Ottawa, Ont.

Time for world to turn back on


North Korea’s Kim Jong-un
T o misquote ‘Crocodile’ Dundee, “That’s
not a bomb, this is a bomb.” The North
Korean dictator Kim Jong-un has again
violence with the implied threat of much
worse to follow if they are not obeyed.
The true test of courage is not to react in a
tested a nuclear weapon, claimed to be a more violent way but to treat them as the
hydrogen bomb. He may forget that the losers they are and to stand up to them
United States has about 5,000 nuclear without worsening the situation.
weapons, some of which are being de- This is a time for the rest of the world,
commissioned but still enough to reduce via the UN with all of its nations, to stay
North Korea to a fairly unpleasant place their hand and turn their back on him,
to live, although the dictator has really both financially and through denying him
already achieved this. resources. This will not be any easy path
We have all met or been threatened as many of the countries citizens will be
by bullies at school, at work, or in life, worse off but it is time to break his hold
generally, and some characteristics are the on his country and hope for a better fu-
same each time. Generally, there is much ture for the citizens of North Korea.
shouting and threatening, usually accom- Dennis Fitzgerald
panied by a warning or a small-scale act of Melbourne, Australia

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Comment
Morneau’s handling of tax reform will
be a make or break issue for government
No government can expect the Finance Minister than nurses or police.
The Finance support of all of the people all of Bill Morneau, But nurses and police are not
the time. But a measure of suc- pictured in this file self-employed while doctors are.
Department can win cess is achieved when there are photo, did his best Like other small business own-
any battle when there complainants on both sides of any
issue. Political equilibrium is in
to counter that,
repeating his view
ers, they have no access to company
pension plans, maternity benefits or
is a broad split in balance when no single issue takes that doctors should sick leave. Many utilize tax avoid-
precedence over all the others. not get better tax ance to fill this financial gap.
public opinion on a Both factors for a happy elector- breaks than nurses The proposed changes would
ate were missing from the discus- or police. But nurses directly impact the small business
tax measure. sion of proposed tax changes that and police are not sector in every community in the
took centre stage at the recent self-employed while country.
Liberal caucus meeting in Kelowna. doctors are. The Hill The Finance Department can
The last time a tax measure Times file photograph win any battle when there is a
was a key topic at a British Co- broad split in public opinion on a
lumbia Grit caucus meeting, was tax measure.
in the lead up to the 1993 election, At this point, there do not
when members revolted against a seem to be many voices siding
plan to keep the hated Tory goods lifting, with the imposition of the Last week’s meeting in Kelowna with the Department of Finance.
and services tax. despised measure. Why not simply highlighted eerily similar internal So Morneau’s handling of the is-
At the time, it made tremen- shut up and reap the benefit? schisms. The broad-based coalition sue will be a make or break issue
dous political sense to fight That pre-election Vancouver of small business and professional for the government.
Sheila Copps the Progressive Conservatives caucus meeting proved to be the groups opposed to the incorpora- During the GST fight, the
Copps’ Corner unpopular tax. Brian Mulroney’s flashpoint for a heated debate. tion tax changes, carried the day on finance minister’s viewpoint
government had revoked an exist- The majority of caucus members the summer barbecue circuit. eventually carried the day.
ing manufacturers sales tax, and supported abolition of the GST. A joint campaign by doctors This time, Finance is strongly
Continued from page 1 replace it with a levy on all goods A smaller number, including the and other small business owners in favour of a position that has
and services. But if Liberals finance critic and supporters, appeared to have won the day in the potential to create an electoral
The roughest critics tend to be formed government, some wanted urged the caucus to keep the tax. their public opinion battle. A del- problem for the government.
party members.That may seem coun- to keep the revenue coming. Liberal leader Jean Chrétien lis- egation of women physicians even The Kelowna message was
terintuitive, as most political activists From an economic perspective tened carefully to both sides. descended on Kelowna to make clear. From a caucus perspective,
are usually committed to defending that made sense, because it secured At the end of the meeting, he their case, claiming the income- constituents have spoken and
their party of choice. But inside the ever-increasing government rev- told the media that the majority sprinkling prohibition would force they do not support the majority
party, local supporters see themselves enues based on consumption, not viewpoint to abolish the GST car- some female doctors to abandon of the proposed changes.
as a mirror of their community.They production. Liberal supporters of ried the day. their chosen profession. It remains to be seen whether
relish the role of the canary in the the tax also argued that undoing But he also expressed personal Finance Minister Bill Mor- history will repeat itself.
mine, warning their party if it appears the GST would be akin to unscram- trepidation about whether the deci- neau did his best to counter that, Sheila Copps is a former Jean
to be taking a wrong turn that has bling an egg. The Conservatives sion was the best long-term strategy repeating his view that doctors Chrétien-era cabinet minister and
raised the ire of the electorate. had already done all the heavy for the financial health of the country. should not get better tax breaks a former deputy prime minister.

How to be positively aggressive


And to make the answer even
more aggressive, you can pivot
and go on the attack to put your
opponent on the defensive.
For example, you might con-
clude the Satan worshipper answer
by saying something like,“While I
Although aggressiveness the possibility of victory in the
attack.”
Secondly, and more importantly,
the danger of replying in the nega- stand on the side of angels, my op-
in politics is usually Yes, okay, quoting Sun Tzu tive is that the human subconscious ponents are busy selling their souls
in a column on political strategy mind has a hard time processing to people with horns and pitch-
associated with is hackneyed, but this particu- negatives. So when we hear “Don’t forks. That’s wrong! They should
lar quote really nails the idea I smoke” or “I’m not a crook!” we apologize to all Canadians.”
negativity, as in want to get across, namely that subconsciously might register it as And here’s another little tip: avoid
‘negative attack ads,’ politicians should always be in an “Smoke” and “I’m a crook.” repeating an opponent’s attack.
aggressive mode. Thus, my point is, if you an- In other words, avoid saying,
that’s not always the Simply put, you can’t win elec- swer by defensively saying, “I’m “My opponent just called me a
tions by playing defence. no Satan worshipper,” it’s possible devil worshiper. Let’s me tell you
case; indeed, sometimes And although aggressiveness in the subconscious minds of the why that’s wrong.”
a politician needs to be politics is usually associated with voting public might hear it as, If you take this approach, you’re
just helping to perpetuate and am-
negativity, as in “negative attack “I’m a Satan worshipper.”
aggressively positive. ads,” that’s not always the case; in- And I suspect that would prob- plify the other side’s propaganda.
deed, sometimes a politician needs Anyway, all this is what I mean by ably be a bad thing. This is why, when countering
to be aggressively positive. positive aggressiveness, it’s just about So with all this in mind, let’s an attack, it’s best to keep things
What do I mean by that? refusing to allow your opponents to put see if we can come up with a vague and to aggressively declare,
Well, let’s say you’re a politician, you on the defensive or off message. Of better, more aggressively positive “My opponent is spreading lies and
and let’s further say the media or course, Sun Tzu basically said the same answer to the “Do you support misinformation about me. Let me
your opponents are noisily trying thing, only more poetically. Photograph Satan worshippers?” question. set the record straight about where
to link you or your party to some courtesy of Wikimedia Commons Let’s try this: “You’re asking I stand and about what I believe.”
unpopular fringe organization. me about the odious practices Anyway, all this is what I
For instance, let’s consider this would be to quickly respond in the of Satan worshippers? Well, my mean by positive aggressiveness,
hypothetical example: The media negative, i.e.“I’m no Satan worship- record is clear and consistent; I’ve it’s just about refusing to allow
Gerry Nicholls come to you and say, “The Satan per, and I certainly don’t support always stood for goodness, for your opponents to put you on the
Worshippers of North America sacrificing babies to the devil.” love, for angels and for the right of defensive or off message.
Post Partisan Pundit Yet replying in such a nega- Of course, Sun Tzu basically said
support sacrificing every first all children to grow up free from
born child to Lucifer. Do you sup- tive manner is basically playing a the fear of satanic sacrifices.” the same thing, only more poetically.
non-winning game of defence. Gerry Nicholls is a commu-
O AKVILLE, ONT.—As Sun
Tzu, the famed Chinese mili-
tary philosopher, once declared,
port this group?”
Now since no politician wants to
be seen as pro-Satan or as pro-child
For one thing, voters don’t
care about what you aren’t; they
See the difference?
This answer is positive and it
aggressively puts forward your
nications consultant. www.ger-
rynicholls.com
“Invincibility lies in the defence, sacrifice, your natural reaction care about what you are. agenda. The Hill Times
10 MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 2017 | THE HILL TIMES

Opinion

Korea using only conventional

North Korea’s nukes weapons would not get all of


North Korea’s nukes, which are
hidden in hardened underground
sites or moved around by night on
mobile launchers. It would also
Start dialling back the rhetoric, because against North Korea, or maybe call down “fire and fury” on Seoul
even some form of attack. The from 10,000 North Korean artillery
you are eventually going to have to accept safer course was to bunch the tests pieces and short-range rockets.
up, get the outraged reactions over A U.S. nuclear attack would
that North Korea now has a usable nuclear fast, and then hope the whole is- probably still not get all of Kim Jong-
sue will fade into the background. un’s nukes: North Korea is the hard-
deterrent. You can live with that, because That’s what both India and est intelligence target in the world.
Pakistan did in 1998, and it Pyongyang may already be able to
it’s better than fighting a nuclear war. worked for them. Everybody reach the United States with one or
eventually got used to the idea two ICBMs carrying thermonuclear
manent U.S. nuclear threat. that they were more or less legiti- warheads, and it can certainly reach
At any rate, both the nuclear mate nuclear weapons powers. all of South Korea and Japan.
and the missile deals with North India and Pakistan didn’t bother The political options for the
Korea failed after a couple of years. doing all their missile tests at once, United States and its Asian allies
Pyongyang and Washington were because they had enough space to are equally constrained. Trump’s
equally to blame for the break- carry them out over their own land talk of stopping U.S. trade with
downs, resorting to tit-for-tat retalia- and maritime territory. North Korea any country that trades with North A U.S. nuclear attack would probably
tion for various perceived breaches is much smaller and entirely sur- Korea is really aimed at China still not get all of Kim Jong-un’s
of the deal by the other side. rounded by Chinese, Russian, and (which already operates selec- nukes: North Korea is the hardest
But it was the United States Japanese territory, so any long-range tive embargoes on various North intelligence target in the world.
Gwynne Dyer that had more to lose, since it tests are bound to pass over one of Korean exports). But cutting U.S. Pyongyang may already be able to
faced no nuclear threat from those countries. Pyongyang chose trade with China would cause im- reach the United States with one or
Foreign Policy
North Korea unless the deals were Japan, because it is a U.S. ally. mense disruption to the American two ICBMs carrying thermonuclear
abandoned and North Korea’s But even its ICBM test on Aug. economy, and it’s unlikely that warheads, and it can certainly reach

L ONDON—The last time


when North Korean nuclear
weapons might have been headed
weapons research went ahead.
What we have seen recently—two
ICBM tests in July, another one
30, when the Japanese govern-
ment ordered its citizens in parts
of Hokkaido into the shelters, did
Trump would actually do it.
Normally, when human beings
encounter a problem that they
all of South Korea and Japan. Image
courtesy of Wikipedia Commons

off by diplomacy was 15-20 last month, and now what was al- not enter Japanese airspace. The cannot eliminate, they find ways of
years ago, when there was a deal most certainly North Korea’s first missile crossed Japan at a sub- living with it. It often takes a while regime. If you truly believe that,
freezing North Korean work on test of a thermonuclear weapon orbital altitude, and the Japanese for them to get there, however, and then the right course of action is
nuclear weapons, and then one (hydrogen bomb)—is the inevi- authorities knew that it would as we are currently in the dangerous an all-out nuclear attack on North
stopping the country’s work on table result of the failure then. soon as the boost phase ended. phase where people (or at least Korea right now.
long-range ballistic missiles. It took a lot of time and effort The pictures of allegedly panic- some people) are convinced that Otherwise, start dialling back
If they had been negotiated to get Pyongyang’s bomb and stricken Japanese civilians in shel- there must be something they can your rhetoric, because you are
with the same attention to detail missile programs to this point, and ters were propaganda meant to do to make the problem go away. eventually going to have to ac-
that was given to the recent deal it seems clear that Kim Jong-un’s serve Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s The only excuse for radical cept that North Korea now has a
that has frozen Iran’s nuclear pro- regime decided the safest way to project for remilitarizing Japan. action now would be a conviction usable nuclear deterrent. You can
gram for 10 years, maybe North test the new weapons and vehicles There is no good ‘military op- that Kim Jong-un is a crazy man live with that, because it’s better
Korea’s quest for nuclear-tipped was all at once. He’s right. tion’ available to the United States who will use his nuclear weapons than fighting a nuclear war.
ICBMs could have been stopped Stringing the tests out over a and its allies in the current crisis, to launch an unprovoked attack Gwynne Dyer is an indepen-
for good—or maybe not, because couple of years might have given even though U.S. President Don- on the United States, even though dent journalist whose articles are
North Korea has always wanted the country’s enemies time to or- ald Trump says “We’ll see.” it would certainly lead to his published in 45 countries.
an effective deterrent to the per- ganize a complete trade embargo A direct U.S. attack on North own death and that of his entire The Hill Times

Why we will never ‘eradicate’ terrorism


Declaring victory against terrorism also the use of force. In other words, ous terrorist challenges simultane-
dialogue, negotiations, talks, and ously. That will tax limited resources.
suffers from the challenge of waging compromise have been judged to In the end, a given terrorist
be insufficient—hence the move to group can be (temporarily) defeat-
war against common nouns. These wars more physical means. I find that ed. But terrorism cannot. We can-
the founder of al-Qaeda, Abdul- not eliminate a tactic that is used
never end because one of the protagonists lah Azzam, summed up this view by such a wide variety of groups of
very well when he proclaimed: people for the simple reason that
cannot surrender. Did you ever hear a bag “Jihad and the rifle alone; no ne- it is simple, works, and grabs our
of heroin say, ‘Don’t shoot! I give up!’? gotiations, no conferences, and no
dialogues.” It is really hard, after
attention (Brian Jenkins’ notion of
terrorism as theatre). We generally
all, to defeat a tactic. date the genesis of terrorism to the
veloping vaccines or removing the Even if, sorry Mr. Azzam, nego- latter half of the 19th century dur-
conditions under which the disease tiations with terrorist groups are ing the anarchist wave (using U.S.
flourished were successful. And we sometimes possible—we have seen political scientist David Rapoport’s
should all be grateful for that. for example what are very promis- ‘wave theory’ of terrorism idea) but
There is, however, a vast differ- ing peace talks between the Colom- it has probably been around since
ence between eradicating a disease bian government and the FARC— the creation of societies (rather
and eradicating terrorism. The they are hard and they take time. As than bands of hunter-gatherers).
former is the result of a biological a non-state actor, a terrorist group And it is here to stay.
organism, the latter is a human- Al-Qaeda founder Abdullah Azzam, is a difficult negotiating partner that Declaring victory against terror-
driven social phenomenon. So who was killed in a car bomb in can make demands a state cannot. ism also suffers from the challenge
Phil Gurski when I hear a world leader claim 1989, summed up this view very And, of course, a given group can of waging war against common
that his government has “eradicat- well when he proclaimed: ‘Jihad back out of a deal if it believes that nouns (think drugs, crime, etc.).
Terrorism and the rifle alone; no negotiations,
ed” terrorism, my skepticism peaks. the conditions have not been met or These wars never end because one
Recently, both Saudi Arabia’s no conferences, and no dialogues.’ ‘rogue’ elements decide to return to of the protagonists, unlike a state,
It is really hard, after all, to defeat
O TTAWA—Scientists have made
great progress in eradicat-
ing diseases that once maimed or
King Salman and the Algerian
Minister of the Interior have made
such statements (and the Algerian
a tactic. Photograph courtesy of
Wikimedia Commons
violent means.
Secondly, as a tactic, terrorism
is a tool available to a wide variety
cannot surrender: did you ever hear
a bag of heroin say,“Don’t shoot!
I give up!”?, So these proclama-
killed millions of people. Think of Army has vowed to “resoundly of ideological currents. We focus tions are made for political and
smallpox. Or polio, which a few defeat terrorism”). In addition, Ma- Islam that has fed it for decades). a lot on Islamist extremism these propaganda reasons but they really
years ago was on the verge of laysia’s new most senior police Terrorism is a tactic whereby days, and for good reason, but as should be taken with a grain of salt.
disappearance, though state insta- officer has said it is time to ‘weed a person, or, more frequently, my friend Jamie Bartlett recently This is not a defeatist position,
bility and war have allowed it to out’ terrorism. Here is why I am not a group of people or a whole wrote in Foreign Policy the next big it is a real one. And the sooner
cling to life. The reason why these so confident that they are correct. movement, decide that the use of threat may come from the far left/ we can stop dreaming of unlikely
scourges were defeated (appar- (As a side note, it is particularly violence to advance some kind of green movement. If, as I expect, the goals the better off we will be.
ently there is a difference between galling to hear the Saudi king say ideological goal is required. These jihadis aren’t going away any time Phil Gurski is president and
eradication and elimination, but that his regime has won out over people want change and they soon (and a senior former U.K. intel- CEO of Borealis Threat and Risk
that distinction is beyond the scope terrorism, given that it is precisely have concluded that the only way ligence official agrees with me), we Consulting.
of this column) is that efforts at de- his kingdom’s aberrant version of to achieve this change is through may have to deal with multiple seri- The Hill Times
THE HILL TIMES | MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 2017 11

Opinion

Liberals are making


proud that I made something, and A third controversy—in which
then made it better with the help some owners convert what would
of others. (My wife Lisa in particu- have been taxed as salary or divi-
lar. But that’s a long story, too.) dends into capital gains—shouldn’t
I’m not going to lecture you, fellas, be. On that one, I think you are prob-

a big mistake on
about why your changes to the rules ably right. I know some doctors and
governing small businesses are an lawyers are upset about you taking
unmitigated disaster.You’ve already away those sorts of tax planning
gotten an earful from Liberal MPs, measures, but I’m not one of them.
who told you at the Kelowna re- That kind of thing favours profes-

this tax reform stuff


treat—and who told the media, on the sionals who already earn big bucks,
record and in no uncertain terms— and that isn’t terribly fair to others.
that you are making a mistake. But the main problem, Messrs.
You are, guys, you are.Your Trudeau and Morneau, isn’t quite
plan to prevent us from hiring our so much one tax measure or an-
kids, and lessening our taxes, a other. It isn’t the policies, per se.
It’s also the way you are
handling this one, fellas.
T ORONTO—Dear Messrs.
Trudeau and Morneau:
So, small businesses.
plan, lined up as many clients as
I could, hired a few young people,
found some space, and got a loan
bit? I’ve employed most of our kids
as summer students. It’s helped
me and it’s helped them. But you,
It’s the way you are handling this
one, fellas. Small business folks like
me, various experts, the Tories, the
Small business folks like Almost 12 years ago, I started to cover payroll until we got on our Messrs. Trudeau and Morneau, NDP, and even your own MPs are
one. It was quite a thing. feet. Called it the Daisy Group, after want to make the meagre benefits telling you that you are making a
me, various experts, the Before that, I’d been special the famous ad from the 1964 presi- that flow from that illegal. It’s like mistake. And, despite that, you insist
Tories, the NDP, and even assistant to Jean Chrétien on dential campaign. (Long story.) you are saying we small business that you are still going ahead.
the Hill. I’d been a partner at a And let me tell you: there is noth- owners—the family who runs the No changes, no compromise, no
your own MPs are telling Bay Street law firm. I’d been a ing quite like laying awake at night, convenience store down the street, acknowledgement that you might
you that you are making vice-president at a Vancouver ad wondering if you have made the or the family that run a restaurant be wrong on a couple things. One
agency. I’d been a reporter at a biggest mistake of your life, wonder- you guys go to—are somehow akin of your backbench supporters even
a mistake. And, despite couple newspapers. ing if you have put your four kids to crooks, hiding untold millions in likened those of us who are worried
that, you insist that you All of those places couldn’t in jeopardy by starting up a small a Caribbean tax haven somewhere. to Marie Antoinette, eating cake,
have been more different. But business. And then, there’s nothing Also a mistake: what you want and living in gated communities. He
are still going ahead. they all had one thing in common: like that first morning, either—for to do with so-called passive income. deserves to be kicked out of that.
in every one of those places, I’d us, May 1, 2006—when you open the That’s the money that a small busi- Anyway. I’m a small business
been working for someone else. doors for the first time, and a client ness makes, that small business owner. Some nights, I still lay awake
My bosses (that Chrétien guy, (in our case, Nike) walks in. owners like me want to leave in the way for many hours, worrying about
in particular) were mostly terrific. Anyway—we made it work. business. I’m still going to pay tax at payroll, worrying about losing some
They were good to me. We made it into a success. I owe a high rate if I use that extra income business.You two, where you work? I
But I wanted to go out on my it to some amazing clients, and as a dividend or something, later don’t ever have to worry about those
own. I wanted to see if I could take to some amazing young people on. For reasons that are beyond things. I don’t think you ever have.
what I’d learned—as a journal- who worked for me, and with me. my understanding, however, the But worry you should, fellas.
ist and working for Chrétien, in I learned from them, and I hoped tall foreheads at the Department of This small business thing? It’s
particular—and do something that they learned something from me. Finance think it is illegitimate that big.
Warren Kinsella was different than what everyone And we’re still here. Still have small businesses would want to Sincerely,
else was doing. A war room for hire: clients, still have amazing young keep income invested in the small Etc.
The War Room that’s what I wanted to do. people working with us. It’s corny, business—to, you know, grow it and Warren Kinsella is a former
So, I did. Developed a business but I am pretty proud of that. I’m hire more people. Jean Chrétien-era cabinet staffer.

Harper’s hands-off approach to Quebec


argues the Conservatives deserve Former prime minister
Stephen Harper was significant credit for having con- Stephen Harper. For
No recent prime minister
was as unpopular in Quebec as
not only an architect tributed with their policies to bring the record, it was Harper. That went a long way to
the Quebec conversation in line Liberal prime minister make the virtue of not engaging
of the demise of the with that of the rest of Canada. Paul Martin—not in battles of words with his sover-
There is no doubt that the his Conservative eigntist counterpart a necessity.
Bloc Québécois but Harper decade was not a good successor— who These were fights he would
one for the sovereignty cause. updated the template have had little chance of winning
also a driving force By the time the Conservatives for asymmetrical in Quebec public opinion.
behind the 2011 lost power in 2015, support for
Quebec leaving the federation had
federalism by spelling
out Quebec’s right
Elsewhere in the country, they
would have drawn attention to
orange wave and the fallen to its lowest level since the to determine its own his limited capacity to champion
early 1980s. health spending Canada effectively in a referendum
2015 Liberal revival The Bloc Québécois was a priorities in the 2004 Harper’s decade in power was
spent parliamentary force, having Health Accord. a game-changer in Quebec but
in Quebec. failed in two consecutive elec- The Hill Times maybe not in ways he necessarily
tions to win the 12 seats required photograph by Andrew intended.
to qualify for official party status Meade In presenting Quebecers with a
in the House of Commons. version of conservatism that was
The Parti Québécois was back alien to the majority that make
in opposition in the national as- up its progressive mainstream, he
sembly after premier Pauline Ma- predecessors and by systematically It is possible to agree that provided them with an incentive
rois’ bid to trade a minority man- refusing to engage in rhetorical Harper’s net impact on the stand- to reconnect with national parties
date for a governing majority after debates with his sovereigntist foes. ing of federalism in Quebec was liable to oust his party from power.
18 months in power backfired. After the PQ formed a minori- positive and to also find that it A critical number of Quebec
The party has yet to recover ty government in 2012, Vallée says was not as much the product of voters did accept the sovereign-
Chantal Hébert from that defeat. Harper was urged by the civil a deliberate strategy as a case of tist premise that the values that
Inside Politics This weekend, its rank and file service to become more proactive unintended consequences. underpinned Harper’s policies at
will hold a vote of confidence in its in showcasing Canada and the Harper’s hands-off approach home and abroad were at odds with
latest leader. The upcoming first-year federal government in Quebec. to the federation’s social union theirs. But most of them rejected the

D id Stephen Harper’s approach


to Quebec accelerate the decline
of the sovereignty movement, or was
anniversary of Jean-François Lisée’s
leadership victory next month will
be no cause for celebrations.
But the then-prime minister was
wary of strategies that he found
reminiscent of the failed Liberal
for instance had as much to do
with the former prime minister’s
ideological distaste for govern-
conclusion that leaving the federa-
tion was their only remedial option.
From that perspective, Harper
the former prime minister just the With a year to go to the next Que- sponsorship program. Instead, he ment activism on the social policy was not only an architect of the
accidental beneficiary of a collective bec election, the PQ is in third place opted to decline to take whatever front as with a Quebec strategy. demise of the Bloc Québécois but
desire on the part of Quebecers to in voting intentions, well behind the bait premier Marois threw his way. For the record, it was Liberal also a driving force behind the
move on from the deadlock over the ruling Liberals and the second-place In doing all of the above, Vallée prime minister Paul Martin—not 2011 orange wave and the 2015
province’s political future? Coalition Avenir Québec. argues, Harper had a major hand his Conservative successor— who Liberal revival in Quebec.
In a text published in the maga- According to Vallée, Harper in shifting the Quebec conversa- updated the template for asym- Chantal Hébert is a national
zine L’actualité on the occasion of contributed actively to this steady tion from federalism-versus-sov- metrical federalism by spelling affairs writer for The Toronto
the fifth anniversary of the Parti deterioration of sovereigntist pros- ereignty to a left-versus-right axis out Quebec’s right to determine its Star. This column was released
Québécois’ short-lived 2012 victory, pects by practicing a less-invasive more aligned with that of the rest own health spending priorities in on Sept. 7.
former Harper adviser Carl Vallée form of federalism than his Liberal of the country. the 2004 Health Accord. The Hill Times
12 MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 2017 | THE HILL TIMES

Opinion

Canada’s DFI should lead on gender equality


description. And that’s not good
The door is open for enough, especially for a country
among other measures.
The executive team should
Canada to create with a feminist prime minister also include a vice-president (or
and a feminist international as- associate managing director) for
the world’s first sistance policy. gender equality and development
As the parliamentary foreign impact, who would lead the DFI’s
feminist DFI. We affairs committee and EDC assess efforts on gender equality and
the results of their expert con- monitoring and evaluation, and
should go through sultations on the final design of play a full decision-making role
that door. But before the DFI, there is still time to put
gender equality where it should
on the executive team.
Finally, staff should be thor-
we do, the design of be: at the very centre of the new oughly trained in and directed to
institution’s core mission and at employ a gender-lens approach
the new institution every level of its decision-making to their due diligence, selection,
processes. monitoring and exits of all of the
should include five There are two reasons for DFI’s investments. This would
doing this. First, as a federal orga- involve actively seeking invest-
elements. nization, Canada’s DFI should be ments in funds, companies or
fully, not only somewhat, aligned projects in poor countries or
with federal priorities. In releas- In releasing the new aid policy earlier this year, Foreign Minister Chrystia regions that are fully or partially
ing the new aid policy earlier this Freeland affirmed that ‘We know that empowering women, overseas, and women-owned, offer positive
year, Foreign Minister Chrystia here at home, makes families and countries more prosperous.’ The Hill Times employment opportunities and
Freeland affirmed that “We know photograph by Sam Garcia
safe workplaces for women, and/
that empowering women, over- or make products or provide ser-
seas, and here at home, makes Finance Corporation (IFC) to as- ration and by-laws of the new vices that improve the well-being
families and countries more sess their prospective investment institution, which will operate as of women and girls.
prosperous.” Among other things, projects, including criteria related a separately incorporated entity Powered by such a design,
the government committed to to labour conditions, occupa- under the auspices of EDC. the daily work of the Canadian
improving access by women to tional safety, pollution prevention, At least half of the members Development Finance Institution
Edward Jackson capital, technology and business biodiversity management, and of the board of directors of the would be innovative, significant,
Opinion advice, including encouraging indigenous rights. However, the new DFI, including its board exciting—and impactful. Talented
lending to women entrepreneurs IFC tool does not offer compre- chair, should be selected for their young people would want to join
through the DFI itself (though it hensive guidance on how DFIs demonstrated expertise in gender it and bring its important man-

O TTAWA—In the job descrip-


tion for the managing direc-
tor of Canada’s new Development
will do much more than guaran-
tee loans).
Second, Canada’s DFI would
can best advance gender equal-
ity or women’s empowerment,
equality and women’s empower-
ment in the fields of investment
date to life. Impressive partners in
the Global South would be drawn
into its sphere. It would influence
reflecting the industry’s generally and finance, business or develop-
Finance Institution (DFI), recently almost immediately assume a underwhelming performance in ment. how development finance is done
posted by Export Development global leadership role among this area to date. The job description of the everywhere.
Canada (EDC), it is considered an its peers in advancing develop- The door is open, therefore, managing director should be Canada’s feminist DFI would
asset for the candidate to have: ment financing through a gender for Canada to create the world’s revised to require more robust have a very bright future.
“Experience in implementing lens. More than a dozen DFIs first feminist DFI. We should go experience in gender equality Edward Jackson is president
initiatives or programs with a sponsored by other western through that door. But before we and women’s empowerment in of E. T. Jackson and Associates,
gender equality and/or women nations already operate in poor do, the design of the new institu- finance, business and/or develop- senior research fellow at Carleton
empowerment component.” regions of the world. Most use tion should include five elements: ment; once hired, the chief execu- University, and honorary associ-
But that is the one and only some variation of the environ- The objective of increasing tive should be subject to annual ate of the Institute of Develop-
time gender equality or women mental and social performance gender equality should be embed- reviews of his or her performance ment Studies.
are mentioned in this detailed job standards of the International ded in the articles of incorpo- on gender equality metrics, The Hill Times

Trump’s NAFTA
He routinely calls it the worst factured goods sold in the U.S. Free Trade Agreement of 1989,
trade deal the U.S. has ever contain a specific amount of U.S. most Canadian exports to the
signed. From time to time, he content. U.S. would face either zero or
threatens to abrogate it. Mexico’s government, also moderate tariffs.
He accuses Canada and at loggerheads with Trump, is Second, there are other

hatred may
Mexico, the two other signatories already working on alternative nations eager to buy the goods
to the agreement, of hosing the plans for trade diversification and services Canada produces.
U.S. He promises they won’t get should the NAFTA talks fail. Canadian governments have tried
away with this anymore. Trudeau would be wise to do the before to make the country’s
His intemperate remarks have same. economy less reliant on the

help Canada earned a harsh reaction from


Mexico. But Ottawa has been far
more sanguine.
The Canadian government ap-
pears to think that Trump doesn’t
Indeed, some diversification
has already begun. The recently
negotiated trade deal between
Canada and the European Union,
while fatally flawed in its details,
U.S. Pierre Trudeau’s so-called
Third Option, including his
brief dalliance with economic
nationalism, was an expression of
this idea.
U.S. President Donald Trump has changed mean what he says, that he is is at least the right idea. So is the But such attempts always
just engaging in some kind of long-simmering but never-acted- foundered on the fact that inte-
the calculus. He is insisting not only that good-cop-bad-cop game in order upon plan to negotiate a trade gration with the U.S. was easier
to enhance America’s bargaining agreement with Japan. and, for those occupying the com-
America must win from the NAFTA talks but position during the three-party Canada has already signed manding heights of the economy,
that Canada and Mexico must lose. His is an NAFTA renegotiations. a foreign investment pact with far more profitable.
But what if he does mean it? China and started work on a com- That fact gave us both the
aggressive form of nationalism that borders on What if, through his negotiators, prehensive trade deal. The foreign original Canada-U.S. free trade
jingoism. But it could spark a new, practical and he insists on changes that Canada investment pact is lopsided in agreement and its successor,
cannot—or at least should not— China’s favour. With luck, Ottawa NAFTA.
more productive form of Canadian nationalism accept? will do better on any trade deal. Now, Trump has changed the
in response. And that wouldn’t be so bad. We know that Canada and the None of this means Canada calculus. He is insisting not only
U.S. are already at daggers drawn should give up on trading with that America must win from the
over a provision in the current the U.S. It is a big country that NAFTA talks but that Canada and

T ORONTO—In a strange way,


Donald Trump’s disdain for
the North American Free Trade
deal that gives each member state
a limited right to challenge one
another’s trade practices before
sits right next door.
But we should remember two
things. First, Canada traded quite
Mexico must lose.
His is an aggressive form of
nationalism that borders on jingo-
Agreement may do Canada a an independent tribunal. handily with the U.S. before sign- ism. But it could spark a new,
favour. Trump wants the provision ing a formal free trade agreement practical and more productive
He may end up forcing this scrapped altogether while Prime with that country. It could do so form of Canadian nationalism in
country to reduce its dependence Minister Justin Trudeau has said again. response. And that wouldn’t be
on the United States. he won’t sign a deal without it. A recent study done for the so bad.
We know that the U.S. presi- The two countries also Canadian Centre for Policy Thomas Walkom is a colum-
Thomas Walkom dent doesn’t like NAFTA. It is one disagree vigorously over U.S. Alternatives points out that nist for The Toronto Star. This
of the few consistent positions he Buy America policies as well as even without NAFTA or its column was released on Sept. 4.
Inside Politics holds. Trump’s insistence that manu- predecessor, the Canada-U.S. The Hill Times
THE HILL TIMES POLICY BRIEFING

SEPTEMBER 11, 2017

Q&A with Defence Minister


Harjit Sajjan: New defence
policy lays out sustainable
and ‘fully costed’ plan
to meet ambitious
goals for military
PAGE 14

Trudeau confident on
NATO commitments,
BMD decision, despite
unpredictable U.S.
administration
PAGE 16

Public Safety Canada,


CSE set to start cyber-
threat sharing pact
with private sector
PAGE 18

Trudeau fails Canada’s Liberals’ defence policy review


military and allies, by draws criticism for lacking
Conservative MP James Bezan consistency with foreign policy
PAGE 22 PAGE 18

Canada’s aging cyber- Collaborative approach required


security strategy needs for National Defence, by Defence
update, by Sen. Mobina Jaffer Minister Harjit Sajjan
PAGE 25 PAGE 20
14 MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 2017 | THE HILL TIMES

Policy Briefing Defence

New defence policy lays


out sustainable and
‘fully costed’ plan to
meet ambitious goals
for military: Sajjan Defence Minister Harjit
Sajjan says Canada’s
newly-unveiled defence
policy will provide
Defence Minister Harjit Most notably, the policy promises a
nearly 70 per cent increase to annual fund- the Canadian Armed
Sajjan says the Liberal ing in the next decade and $47.2-billion
over the next 20 years for new equipment,
Forces with ‘predictable
funding’ to ensure the
government has outdone its infrastructure, and information technol- federal government gets
the ‘right procurement
ogy purchases. It also pledges to increase
predecessors by producing enrolment in the regular Armed Forces by products in place.’ The
3,500 to 71,500 members, and the reserves Hill Times file photos
the country’s first ‘fully by 1,500 to 30,000.
funded’ defence policy Collectively, Canada will spend
$553-billion on defence over the next
to provide sustainable, 20 years, including $62.3-billion in new
funding, under the policy, formally ti-
about the plan, given past failures, Mr. relationship is extremely strong. We’ve
Sajjan maintains that this time is different, already had a number of meetings formally
long-term funding for the tled Strong, Secure, Engaged. with the federal government providing the together from a bilateral sense; we’ve also
But the new policy has done little to Canadian Armed Forces with “predictable had a trilat meeting with our Mexican
Canadian Armed Forces. abate persisting questions on funding and funding” that will ensure Canada gets the counterparts as well. So, our relationship
future missions. “right procurement products in place.” is extremely strong, and this is one of the
BY MARCO VIGLIOTTI Canadians still don’t know where, or Time will only tell if that translates to reasons why in our defence policy, Secure
if, soldiers will be deployed as part of a concrete action. in North America, is about having a very

D espite lingering questions on future


missions, long-term funding, and
big-ticket equipment purchases, Canada’s
peacekeeping mission promised by the
Trudeau government in its early days in of-
fice, or how the Liberals or anyone else will
This Q&A has been edited for style and
length.
strong relationship, and we will always
continue to have a good relationship with
the U.S. on defence.”
federal Defence Minister Harjit Sajjan is go about paying for the promised increase How do you frame the security relationship
sticking to the plan. in funding, as federal coffers continue to between Canada and U.S. amid heated talks In regards to those passages on the
The former soldier spent the first 19 bleed red ink. And then there’s pressing on NAFTA? continental relationship in the defence
months as minister promising that long- questions about big-ticket purchases of “Our relationship has always been policy, is the federal government working
term, strategic decisions on the future new marine vessels and fighter jets. strong, and continues to be strong. Right on anything new with the U.S. right now
of the Canadian Armed Forces would be Mr. Sajjan counters that the Liberal from day one, when [U.S. Defence] Secre- in regards to improving integration on
flushed out in the Liberal government’s government has went above and beyond tary [Jim] Mattis was appointed, he called defence and security, or is it more so about
new defence policy. the work of its predecessors to develop me first, as one of the first defence minis- maintaining existing collaborative channels?
And then in June, the talking points comprehensive plans to ensure Ottawa ters. We have a lot in common, as well; one, “Our defence policy is looking out 20
changed, as the new policy was finally has in place the funding, now and into the a shared history of working together. But years, and from that, we have to not just
revealed in a high-profile announcement at future, to meet its lofty commitments. more importantly, we have been able to look at the current threats, but we also have
an Ottawa regiment hall. No longer will the federal government work together on some of the challenges we to anticipate various threats, and, as minis-
Almost immediately, Mr. Sajjan (Van- have to comb through budgets to seek out all face. For example, the work we’re doing ter of national defence, it’s my job to look at
couver South, B.C.) went from deferring space for future military commitments, as part of the coalition as Operation Impact. foreign threats. It’s one of the reasons why
on the future direction of the country’s they’ve already been included in long-term “Also look at NATO, we’re also one of we put a significant emphasis on NORAD
defence policy to defending a full-costed, projections, according to the minister. the framework nations, the U.S. along-
20-year-plan. While acknowledging some cynicism side us, as one of the lead nations. Our Continued on page 15

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THE HILL TIMES | MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 2017 15

Defence Policy Briefing

‘Our defence policy is looking out 20 years, and from that, we have to not just look at the current threats, but we also have to anticipate various threats,’ says Defence Minister Harjit Sajjan, as the
Liberal government looks to bolster integration on defence and security with the United States, and weighs plans for a future peacekeeping mission. The Hill Times file photographs

Decision on peacekeeping mission after study: Sajjan


Continued from page 14 industry that’s also very well inte- no need to duplicate efforts either. other departments, and it’s about “Plus, more importantly, when
grated in support of many of the It’s a very complex environment supporting our communities that you talk about fully funded, that’s
modernization, because of the nations as well.” and we want to make sure we get live there, from an emergency not a promise right now, this is
current threats. And we’re not just things right. It’s easy to make a perspective, from a defence-relat- our government who has com-
looking at threats from the air, we Is there any timetable for new decision and say, ‘We’re just going ed perspective, search and rescue mitted as part of the long-term
want to look at all perils—from peacekeeping operations? to send troops,’ and then what as well. That’s true sovereignty. fiscal framework. What it means,
the land, on the water—so we “If you go back to when we you end up doing is just putting Sovereignty is strictly not just the is now when we go get projects
can have a very thorough discus- first formed government and a check in the box and sending military being up there and hav- approved, I’m not requesting
sion and not just make a decision we’re looking at Operation Im- troops into an area where coali- ing the resources. money; it’s already funded within
based on the current threats that pact and how we were going to tion commanders have to figure “We want to make sure that the defence policy.”
we face but into the future. make it even better, we wanted out what to do. It’s better to pro- the defence policy is invested well
“Plus, we have to look at how to take the time. We need to have vide the right resources so you can with the other departments, and Do you think that’s going to tether
we’re going to evolve from tech- a thorough analysis, because it’s have an impact. we will continue to work with our this government and perhaps
nology, work together on innova- not just a political decision, it’s “Peace operations play a very partners. In fact, I was actually future governments to the funding
tion, as well. How do we integrate about having a proper impact important role in this world. For privileged to take along with me a commitments laid out in the
our command structure, which with the coalition, and we’ve been example, I had a great conserva- number of deputy ministers from defence policy?
with NORAD, it’s the most unique able to do that successfully. We’ve tion with His Majesty the King [of the other departments to take “Absolutely. This is one the
in the world—it’s the only bina- done that also with NATO, and Jordan] regarding some security part in Operation Nanook.” reasons we put it in black-and-
tional command in the world. But peace operations are no differ- challenges and we shouldn’t all What do you say to people do white in the defence policy on
how do we modernize that so that ent. We need to take the time, just be looking at one mission ubtful that promised fund- page 43 of the increases within
we’re prepared into the future. especially when we send troops and jumping in. It’s about all na- ing hikes laid out in the defence the defence [budget]. You’ll see a
NORAD played a significant role in harm’s way. We want to make tions coming together, looking at policy will actually be realized, substantial increase, as you know,
during 9/11, and Canadian senior sure if we’re going to be sending the problems, and doing its part considering they are scheduled to over 70 per cent. It’s going to go
officers played a pivotal role in our troops into risky areas that where it can have an impact. And go into effect several years later? from $19-billion to $32.7-billion
this as well. We want to make they’re properly resourced, that Canada, as we re-engage in peace “I can understand some of by 2026. And future governments
sure we evolve NORAD prop- they got the proper mandate, and support operations, we want to the cynicism because previous will be held to account on this
erly so that when we talk about plus we need to stress the fact make sure we have a substantial defence policies, especially the and this is one of the reasons why
North American defence it’s not that this is not the peacekeeping contribution and we will get this last one, were not funded. This is we made it black-and-white in
just a buzzword, it actually has a of the past. Peacekeeping has right because this is a very impor- the first one that has been thor- our defence policy.”
tangible meaning for our citizens.” changed, threats have changed, tant piece and conflict prevention oughly costed out, and this policy mvigliotti@hilltimes.com
and hence the reason why we call is extremely important going into is fully funded. We now have a The Hill Times
How do you manage the security it peace support operations. It’s the future because conflicts have lot of work to do to making sure
relationship between Canada not just strictly a military opera- started with many different root we have the programs in place.
and the U.S. to ensure it remains,
in effect, isolated from the more
tion, it definitely takes a strong,
integrated, whole-of-government
causes and we understand that
problem.”
But ... there’s no use asking for
a lot of money if you can’t get
Projected Canadian
heated political wrangling seen on
other bilateral issues?
approach. And we want to have
a substantial impact just like we A few weeks ago you visited
the programs in place to spend
it, and that’s one of the things
defence spending
“Defence is in support of have in previous missions. When Canada’s Far North to observe that has allowed the military to (cash basis) under
our foreign policy, and that’s we do have all the right answers, annual military exercises as part of create a plan. And now we have
something Canadians can be then we can explain [it] to Cana- Operation Nanook. What can you predictable funding that’s going Strong, Secure,
extremely proud of. It’s one of the dians. That’s when we’ll make the tell people about how the Canadian to move forward, that’s going to
reasons [Foreign Affairs Minis- announcement.” Armed Forces are preparing allow us to get the right procure- Engaged
ter Chrystia] Freeland gave that themselves to account for climate ment products in place. This is
speech to put the defence policy Is the changing nature of change? something that the Conservatives 2017-18: $20.7-billion
into context. Any mission that peacekeeping operations the chief “This is one aspect, as part did not get right. They talked a 2018-19: $21.4-billion
we have announced comes with factor prolonging this decision- of our defence policy, we will be big game, they couldn’t get it 2019-20: $21.7-billion
a comprehensive, integrated, making process? addressing; the military will do done. They only provided enough
whole-of-government approach, “It is one of the critical pieces its part for lowering greenhouse money when it comes to the
2020-21: $24.2-billion
because defence is one tool for a to it. But we also have to take a gas emissions. The Arctic will National Shipbuilding Strategy 2021-22: $25.3-billion
government. We will always work look at the many nations involved also play a significant role in our for six combat surface combat- 2022-23: $26-billion
closely.Yes, we will have disagree- here. When you work with the UN, defence policy. So it’s not just ants. As you known, the Parlia- 2023-24: $29.9-billion
ments with our allies on a number it’s not just one entity.You look at conducting operations. When we mentary Budget Office came out
of occasions. We’re very fortunate each mission, how they’re func- look at our sovereignty in the with a much higher number and 2024-25: $31.7-billion
that Canada’s defence relationship tioning, what type of resources we north, it’s not just strictly from our number almost pretty much 2025-26: $31.9-billion
with the U.S. is extremely strong. have, what type of skills that we a defence perspective, we want matched that. That’s the rigorous 2026-27: $32.7-billion
We also have Canada’s defence can provide and enhance. There’s to be able to integrate with the costing we’re talking about.
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THE HILL TIMES | MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 2017 17

Policy Briefing Defence


Prime Minister leverage a commitment through
Justin Trudeau, pressing NATO allies to meet
pictured here their funding targets, questions
with U.S. are being raised about whether
President his administration will look to
Donald Trump turn up the heat on Canada.
in Washington For his part, Mr. Trudeau
earlier this argued that Canada’s NATO
year, says commitment has been substantial
Canada won’t enough, saying at a recent sum-
participate in mit in Brussels that the work be-
the U.S.-led ing done by the country through
ballistic missile the alliance, not to mention its
defence system presence in global issues in
or commit more general, has been “recognized and
personnel for supported by the United States.”
new missions Prof. Sokolsky also acknowl-
in Afghanistan. edged that Canada is seen
Official White positively in the alliance, arguing
House photograph that relative to the size of our
by Shealah armed services, “what we deploy
Craighead abroad, what we do for allies...is
fairly respectable and [our] allies
know it.”
“You can’t judge an allied
contribution solely on what
percentage of GDP it spends on
defence,” he said, adding that
while Canada isn’t anticipated to
meet the two per cent goal based
on projections in the 20-year
defence policy, the contingent of
450 Canadian soldiers deployed
for NATO operations in Latvia is
“a big chunk of troops.”
NATO commitments have
been a particularly hot topic in

Trudeau confident on the past year, with Donald Trump


famously calling the alliance
“obsolete” during his campaign
for president in 2016. Since then,

NATO commitments, BMD critics have continually cited


this assertion as proof that U.S.
leadership in the world is crum-
bling, even though Mr. Trump

decision, despite unpredictable


and administration officials have
attempted to back-pedal on the
controversial comment.
After all,the new Afghanistan

U.S. administration
policy could indicate that the
United States isn’t losing any
interest in foreign entanglements
or multinational alliances, de-
spite the Trump Administration’s
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau has restated Canadian opposition to “We are confident they will,”
Mr. Trump said of potential sup-
whole vociferous “America first”
rhetoric.
sending personnel to the new U.S.-NATO effort in Afghanistan or to port from American allies. Prof. Sokolsky also pointed
“Since taking office I have out that key Trump Administra-
participating in the ballistic missile defence system, in the face of renewed made clear that our allies and tion officials like former generals
partners must contribute much White House Chief of Staff Jim
calls from Washington for more support for alliance commitments. more money to our collective de- Kelly, National Security Adviser
fence. And they have done so.” H. R. McMaster, and Secretary of
IAIN SHERRIFF-SCOTT Mr. Gerretsen said he person- Command, conducted jointly with As it stands now, on top of Defence Jim Mattis are all “liberal
ally thinks Canada should start the U.S., could go to the “ballistic refusing to commit personnel to internationalists” when it comes
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau to look at what its role will be missile defence units.” the new effort, the Liberal gov- to U.S. security policy, adding that
has been forced to restate in the missile defence scheme, Mr. Sokolsky also noted that ernment’s new defence policy in- because of this, he is “hesitant” to
Canada’s opposition to joining given renewed belligerence from NORAD was renewed indefinitely dicates that Canada will not meet say that the U.S. has abdicated its
the U.S.-led ballistic missile de- North Korea, which has recently in 2006, which he claims indicates the two per cent GDP spending global leadership.
fence system and re-entering the claimed that it has successfully that for the United States “it’s not commitment target expected of “All this talk on American
decades-long military conflict in developed a potentially nuclear- a major issue,” and the future of NATO members, despite a huge leadership by [Foreign Affairs
Central Asia amid renewed fears armed missile capable of reach- NORAD “does not necessarily spike in spending planned for the Minister] Freeland, you don’t
of North Korea’s nuclear ambi- ing North America, according to rest” on Canada’s participation on coming years. see it. If you look around the
tions and the rollout of Donald reporting by The Toronto Star. the ballistic missile program. For Canada to meet the NATO world, [the U.S.] is taking the
Trump’s new policy for Afghani- Conservative MP and opposi- But while the North Korean target, it would have to more lead in North Korea, it is pres-
stan. tion defence critic James Bezan threat has remained in the public than double current spending on suring Russia over Ukraine,” he
In an Aug. 23 speech, Mr. (Selkirk-Interlake-Eastman, consciousness for years, flaring defence to reach $40 billion. explained, also citing U.S. support
Trudeau (Papineau, Que.) quashed Man.) said his party has yet to up in unexpected intervals, Mr. The projections in the new for counter-terrorism operations
any rumours of renewed interest define its stance on the issue, but Trudeau was likely caught off- defence policy, though, currently in Africa.
in joining the BMD program or will likely do so after the House guard by U.S. President Donald see the budget increasing from Despite the Trump Administra-
re-entering the war in Afghanistan National Defence Committee Trump’s recently unveiled plan to $18.9-billion in 2016-17 to $32.7 tion’s occasionally isolationist
by forcefully stating Canada would is briefed on the North Korean bolster military activities in Af- billion in 2026-27, which is still rhetoric, Prof. Sokolsky argued
decline any entreaties, though it’s threat. ghanistan, namely by increasing around $7-billion shy of the NATO that the U.S. remains broadly in-
not exactly clear if those positions While the debate will surely troop numbers by an additional target ten years from now. ternationalist and remains willing
could change in this fluid political evolve in the fall as the Defence 4,000 and asking allies from the Asked broadly about the U.S.- to maintain the NATO alliance.
climate, especially given the machi- Committee embarks on its study, North Atlantic Treaty Organiza- Canada security relationship, As for what that means for
nations of the Trump administra- approved last month, the Mar- tion to help contribute. Defence Minister Harjit Sajjan Canada, he said we can expect
tion to the south. tin government’s rejection of In rolling out his Afghanistan (Vancouver South, B.C.) framed it “pressure” from the U.S. to boost
Shortly before Mr. Trudeau’s participating in the system in strategy, Mr. Trump didn’t mince as “extremely strong,” saying the military spending, but it won’t
announcement, Liberal MP Mark 2005 doesn’t mean Canada hasn’t words on what he expected from two countries will “always work “make or break” cross-border
Gerretsen (Kingston and the Is- contributed to its operation. American allies, saying he would closely,” even if they have the oc- relations, with arguments on
lands, Ont.) raised the prospect of Queen’s University political ask NATO and other global casional disagreement. defence spending going on since
having the government re-eval- science professor Joel Sokolsky partners to “support” the new “Our relationship has always the beginning of the NATO al-
uate the decision not to join the told The Hill Times that the Cana- U.S. strategy with “additional been strong, and continues to be liance.—With files from Marco
system, originally made in 2005 dian government in 2004 agreed troop and funding increases” in strong,” he told The Hill Times. Vigliotti
by former Liberal prime minister that information from the North line with what the Americans are But given Mr. Trump’s con- news@hilltimes.com
Paul Martin. American Aerospace Defence planning. fidence that he will be able to The Hill Times
18 MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 2017 | THE HILL TIMES

Defence Policy Briefing


Public Safety Liberals’ defence
Canada, CSE set to policy review
start cyber-threat draws criticism for
sharing pact with lacking consistency
private sector with foreign policy
A not-for-profit exchange will Critics claim the Liberals lack a ‘conceptual strategy’
work by collecting data on on defence as the defence policy review was published
threats anonymously from its without a complementary assessment of foreign policy.
subscribers, commercial threat
assessment companies, BY IAIN SHERRIFF-SCOTT Man.) wrote in an email to The Hill Times
that the slow implementation of the new
and the Canadian government. The Liberal government’s defence defence budget is unfortunate.
policy review, which was released to the “The majority of the funding an-
public this spring, has drawn a similar nounced through the defence policy won’t
BY IAIN SHERRIFF-SCOTT brand of criticism as successive govern- be available until after the next election
Public Safety Minister Ralph Goodale’s department
ment’s policy reviews have, including and the government won’t tell us where it
With threats like cyber-espionage and is poised to enter an agreement with an organization
that it lacks consistency with Canada’s is going to come from,” he said.
ransomware targeting businesses and gov- called the CCTX in an effort to get a better handle on
foreign policy. Not only has the budgetary timeline
ernments across the world, cyber-security cyber-security threats. The Hill Times file photograph
As Queen’s University political science drawn ire from Conservatives, many see
has never been a more stark reality for professor Stefanie von Hlatky pointed out the review’s lack of accompanying foreign
Canadian businesses. The exchange will work by collecting data in an interview with The Hill Times, the and development policy consultations as
Examples like the ransomware attacks on threats anonymously from its subscrib- review is among many done by previous signalling a lack of cohesion on Canada’s
that devastated the United Kingdom’s Nation- ers, commercial threat assessment companies, governments conducted with “a lack of foreign policy outlook.
al Health Service (NHS) earlier this year, or and the Canadian government. CCTX analysts consistency between the foreign policy Ms. von Hlatky expressed that “in
the more recent attack on container shipping will compile new information about threats arm and the defence arm.” terms of a articulating a grand strategy,
giant Maersk, which cost it nearly US$300- into reports, which will be sent to subscribers. Nearly every government since the the defence policy review has not really
million, are a reminders that the scale and “Some of those reports will be very tacti- days of Pierre Elliott Trudeau has con- served that purpose,” adding that the
aggressiveness of these attacks is increasing. cal, for something going on right now, or ducted a full review of foreign policy. review provides the “the nuts and bolts,” of
In an effort to get in front of large-scale cyber- down to a more strategic weekly summary,” That tradition was broken during Stephen Canada’s defence policy rather than hav-
threats, Public Safety Canada’s Cyber Incident said Mr. Gordon. Harper’s tenure as prime minister when ing a strategic outlook.
Response Centre (CCIRC) and the Canadian “Ultimately, we want this information to his government produced only a defence And as retired brigadier-general James
Communications Security Establishment (CSE) be actionable intelligence; so precautions policy review during its nine years. Cox pointed out in an article published in
are set to begin an information-sharing pact with that companies should specifically do to be As well, since the 1960s, only one gov- The Vimy Report, “policy” and “strategy”
the Canadian Cyber Threat Exchange (CCTX), a better at protecting their networks.” ernment has reviewed Canada’s defence are not the same thing.
not-for-profit organization devoted to providing One often-misunderstood vulnerability and foreign policy alongside each other, Mr. Cox argues that “the overall lack
the Canadian private sector with critical cyber- that Mr. Gordon highlighted is the risk of despite the two policy areas being deeply of conceptual clarity between policy and
threat information and assessments. ransomware. The concept of ransomware and innately linked. strategy,” and “the absence of complemen-
Public Safety Canada spokeswoman has existed for nearly 30 years but saw Prime Minister Justin Trudeau’s (Pap- tary policy developments in related fields,”
Karine Martel said an official agreement no effective widespread application until ineau, Que.) government broke from the impeded National Defence Minister Harjit
between her department and the CCTX is 2013, when CryptoLocker emerged. Cryp- tradition started by his father, and car- Sajjan’s (Vancouver South, B.C.) efforts
expected to be finalized “in the near future.” toLocker was one of the first ransomware ried the one started by Harper, initiating to put together a comprehensive defence
“Once the agreement is in place, CCIRC systems to request bitcoin as payment for only a formal review of defence policy policy and strategy.
will be able to share anonymous and unclas- the decryption and release of data back to last year. Instead, the Liberals took a differ-
sified information on cyber-threats with the organizations it had been stolen from. The review’s results were expected ent angle and presented Foreign Affairs
CCTX. CCIRC will also share its full suite of That same year, according to an article in January, but was delayed until June, Minister Chrystia Freeland’s (University-
products in order to raise awareness of note- in ZDNet, between Oct. 15 and Dec.18, an likely in anticipation of unpredictable U.S. Rosedale, Ont.) major foreign policy
worthy incidents and trends,” said Ms. Martel estimated 41,900 bitcoin were gathered by President Donald Trump, who took office speech in the House of Commons just
A spokesperson for the CSE also con- the operators of CryptoLocker, delivering a in January, a development which, as Ms. days before the defence policy review was
firmed that a partnership with the CCTX US$27-million payout. von Hlatky pointed out, probably made published.
is “under consideration.” CSE offers inter- Mr. Gordon stressed that many small the Canadian government, “a bit more risk Prof. von Hlatky said that she thought
nationally recognized expertise on cyber- companies may not think they have much for averse when it comes to the quick imple- the timing of the speech was “deliberate”
defence and threat mitigation. hackers to steal, but trade secrets and unique mentation of bold new ideas.” in relation to the release of the defence
“CSE tracks cyber-threats from around chemical formulas are no longer their target. “Certainly the president’s views on policy review and that the minister
the world and is uniquely positioned to of- “Anything from your distribution list, to NATO are quite controversial and a bit sought to communicate the “linkages
fer insight and advice to the CCTX on the your contact list, or when your billing goes out. unpredictable, going from ‘NATO is obso- between the two,” rather than producing
cyber threat landscape facing Canadians,” They are not going to steal it from you because lete’ to reinforcing Article 5 over the sum- two separate reviews.
the CSE spokesperson said. it is of no use to them; it’s only of use to you,” mer and really doing a 180,” she said. In Minister Freeland’s 4,400-word
The CCTX, launched in April of 2016, Mr. Gordon said, explaining that,“unless you Prof. Van Hlatky added that the signals speech, she looked to outline Canada’s
received initial core funding from nine pay the ransom, you don’t get access to the coming from the U.S. were cause for global direction in terms of a renewed
Canadian corporate giants, including Bell, information that keeps your business running.” pause and probably provided a rationale focus on our foreign initiatives, be it
Telus, Air Canada, CN, RBC, Manulife, TD, Attacks like ransomware are exactly for stalling, or revisiting certain pieces of development, peacekeeping, or Canada’s
TransCanada, and Hydro One. what the CCTX is trying to get in front of. the defence policy. ongoing military commitments.
CCTX executive director Robert Gor- Mr. Gordon expressed that the information- One of those pieces might have been “The fact that our friend and ally has
don described the organization in terms of sharing pact with the federal government the defence budget, which to the surprise come to question the very worth of its
raising “cyber-resilience,” not only for large could provide Canadian businesses with of many, is set to increase over the next mantle of global leadership, puts into
companies, but also for small- and medium- threat assessments that are “high-value and 10 years from $18.9-billion in 2016-17 to sharper focus the need for the rest of us to
sized companies as well. quite actionable for the private sector.” $32.7-billion in 2026-27. set our own clear and sovereign course,”
“[Canadian companies] face the same The pact, however, will not be a one-way The increase marks a shift in the Liber- remarked Minister Freeland in her speech.
level of cyber-threats as companies every- street. Ms. Martel told The Hill Times that “cy- als’ plan for defence since the election in “I think at the very least, the foreign
where do, everything from DDoS (distrib- ber-security is a shared responsibility of infor- 2015, when Mr. Trudeau pledged not to affairs minister’s speech told us what to
uted denial of service) attacks, ransomware mation sharing,” and said that her department increase the defence budget. But the plan expect in a Trumpian world, as far as Ca-
attacks, malware attacks, phishing attacks. will “encourage” the CCTX to exchange threat for more funding sees the bulk of it arriv- nadian foreign and defence policy goes,”
All of the things you read about in the pa- information with CCIRC partners. ing after the next election. Ms. von Hlatky remarked.
per apply to Canadian companies,” said Mr. news@hilltimes.com Conservative defence opposition critic news@hilltimes.com
Gordon in an interview with The Hill Times. The Hill Times James Bezan (Selkirk-Interlake-Eastman, The Hill Times
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20 MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 2017 | THE HILL TIMES

Defence Policy Breifing

National Defence Minister Harjit Sajjan speaks to a deployed member of Joint Task Force-Iraq during a visit to Kuwait in December 2016. Photograph courtesy of Department of National Defence

Collaborative approach
required for National Defence
• Taking care of the officials, the government is making ment is delivering on our promise International peace and
progress on the implementation to strengthen the accountability security require a collaborative
women and men in of the tax exemption for CAF of federal intelligence services approach to address existing
uniform goes beyond members and police officers de- while modernizing the way our we conflicts, and also the root causes
ployed on international operations. approach cyber-threats. In the de- of conflict. This fall, Canada will
giving them equipment Combined with the pay raise that fence policy, we are incorporating host a United Nations Defence
many CAF members received re- NATO allies’ affirmation that cy- Ministerial meeting on peace-
and training. It means cently, the government will ensure berspace is a domain of operation keeping. We continue to study
ensuring they and that CAF members are compen- by enhancing our cyber defences. how and where Canada can best
sated appropriately, and that their We are creating a new Canadian contribute to a UN peacekeep-
their families are well Defence Minister Harjit Sajjan families are well supported when a Armed Forces Cyber Operator oc- ing mission. Before we send our
supported. Opinion loved one deploys overseas. cupation, developing the Canadian troops into harm’s way, we owe it
Working with our colleagues Forces’ active cyber capabilities, to them to know that their impact
at Veterans Affairs and their new and establishing a Cyber Mis- will be meaningful and have a
• Security and defence
require an approach T he return of the House of
Commons brings opportu-
nities to discuss the future of Can-
minister, Seamus O’Regan, our
government will soon release a
Suicide Prevention Strategy that
sion Assurance Program that will
incorporate cyber-security re-
quirements into the procurement
lasting contribution.
Security and defence require an
approach that rises above our po-
that rises above our ada’s defence and the continued focuses on a comprehensive ap- process. Protecting and defending litical differences for the common
political differences for implementation of our defence proach to the support and care Canadians and Canadian assets safety and security of our nation.
policy, Strong, Secure, Engaged. for CAF members, especially as against cyber-threats, while re- As Parliamentarians, we play an
the common safety and I want to use this as an opportu- they transition out of the Forces. specting Canadians’ privacy, is an important role informing our con-
security of our nation. nity to thank all Parliamentarians Strong, Secure, Engaged is all important priority for our govern- stituents about the important work
from the House and the Senate for about serving our women and men ment and one that requires a coop- the military does on their behalf.
their work on defence and security in uniform better than they have erative approach from Canada’s That is why last year I reinstated
• I want to emphasize the issues. Working collaboratively, we been in the past. The full funding best and brightest from the public the Parliamentary engagement
importance of working can reach the best outcomes for of over 300 capital projects gives and private sectors. program and returned the approval
Canadian Armed Forces members, our military the resources to get As the prime minister and for MPs to visit CAF facilities from
productively with all their families, and the safety and the job done, allows Canada’s Foreign Affairs Minister Chrys- the minister’s office to base com-
security of all Canadians. defence industry to be prepared tia Freeland have stated, North manders—where it belongs.
Parliamentarians on The most important priority in to meet upcoming Defence Team Korea’s aggressive ballistic mis- This session, I want to empha-
issues related to the Strong, Secure, Engaged is taking needs, and is a clear sign from this sile testing represents a clear and size the importance of working
care of the women and men in government that we will make the present threat to the safety and productively with all Parliamen-
defence file. I call on my uniform who dedicate their lives necessary investments to serve security of our Pacific partners tarians on issues related to the de-
parliamentary critics, to protecting and defending Can- our Canadian Forces members. and the international community. fence file. I call on my parliamen-
ada and Canadians at home and We will continue to work collab- It violates multiple United Na- tary critics, James Bezan, Randall
James Bezan, Randall abroad. This goes beyond giving oratively with industry partners, tions Security Council resolutions Garrison, and Michel Boudrias,
Garrison, and Michel them the equipment and train- so they can continue delivering and international law. We will as well as Defence Committee
ing they need to do their jobs. It procurement projects on time and continue to closely monitor these members, to do the same.
Boudrias, as well as means ensuring they—and their on budget. threats, as well as other air, sea, Defence Minister Harjit Sajjan
Defence Committee families—are well supported. Through Bill C-59, introduced and land threats as we continue also represents Vancouver North,
Thanks to the work done by by Public Safety Minister Ralph to discuss NORAD modernization B.C.
members, to do the same. DND, Treasury Board, and Finance Goodale this spring, our govern- with our American counterparts. The Hill Times
En ga ge d
d R ea d y
an

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22 MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 2017 | THE HILL TIMES

Defence Policy Briefing Text

Prime Minister Justin Trudeau is out of synch


with our allies and does not consider Canada’s
national defence to be a priority, writes James
Bezan. The Hill Times file photograph

Trudeau fails Canada’s


very unpopular with Canadians
and our allies. This demonstrates
that Prime Minister Trudeau is out
of synch with our allies and does
not consider Canada’s national
defence to be a priority.
Canada should be a leader on

military and allies


the world stage. But we are not
“back” under the Liberals. We
cannot take our cues from
international organizations like
the UN, nor can we sit on the
sidelines. Canada should be
making clear commitments to
our allies that we are willing
result of accusations of foreign- backed out of negotiations with to work together to address
• Every time the Liberals state hacking, Russia’s violation Boeing, adding unnecessary costs our common threats, rather
have been given an of Ukraine’s territorial sovereign- and delays to the replacement of than making vague promises to
ty, and North Korea’s continued Canada’s CF-18 fighter jets. Justin do peacekeeping that have yet to
opportunity to step up, missile launches, the Liberals’ Trudeau’s Liberals have placed be fulfilled, a year after the fact.
they have stepped back. recent Defence Policy Review more major military procure- Every time the Liberals have
provided an opportunity for the ments before the courts rather been given an opportunity to
government to reassess Canada’s than in the hands of our troops. step up, they have stepped back.
• In less than two current threat environment and to Unfortunately, their new policy Justin Trudeau has demon-
years Justin Trudeau Conservative MP James Bezan
develop a plan to respond. offers little in terms of a solution. strated that he is willing to use
A major flaw in the Liberals’ Newly appointed Public Services our troops as political pawns to
has reneged on his Opinion defence policy is that it fails to and Procurement Minister Carla fulfil his personal aspirations
promise to exclude the adequately address the threats Qualtrough will have significant at the United Nations Security
facing Canada. Without proper challenges cleaning up this abys- Council, while leaving the heavy
F-35 and backed out of identification, the military will mal Liberal mess.
negotiations with Boeing, M aintaining and enhanc-
ing Canada’s national
security and defence posture is
not be provided with the tools
needed to detect, deter, and defeat
In their first two budgets, the
Liberals cut more than $12-billion
lifting to our allies. Two years
of budget cuts and mismanaged
procurements has left our troops
adding unnecessary aided by our relative geographic these threats to Canada and our in funding from the Department doing more with less.
isolation and our involvement allies. By overlooking real threats, of National Defence. While their The Liberals’ defence policy
costs and delays to the in the world’s strongest defence the Liberals are depriving the new defence policy contains some does not provide a guarantee that
replacement of Canada’s partnership with our only physi- Canadian Armed Forces of the big promises, any significant new we will see any sort of significant
cal next-door neighbour. ability to be properly prepared funding has been delayed until change.
CF-18 fighter jets. Nonetheless, Canada has con- for future operations. after the next federal election, Conservatives know that ac-
tinually identified threats to our Worse yet is the fact that the with no explanation of where it tions speak louder than words.
• Canada should be a territorial and continental security Liberals’ policy does nothing to is going to come from. Our men That is why we will continue
and ensured our military forces address the challenges on defence and women in uniform deserve to fight for our brave men and
leader on the world stage. are properly resourced, equipped, spending and procurement. Since the best equipment, training, and women in uniform and urge
But we are not “back” and trained to keep Canadians coming to office, the Liberals support available. That requires the government to ensure they
and our allies safe. From the onset have consistently cut the Depart- substantial investments to be are properly staffed, resourced,
under the Liberals. We of the Boer War to the battle to ment of National Defence’s bud- made today—not in 20 years by equipped, and trained to deal
cannot take our cues defeat ISIS, the Canadian Armed get and made a mess of important some future government. with the growing threats facing
Forces have a proud history of procurement projects, including One of Justin Trudeau’s first Canada.
from international working with our allies to defeat replacing our fighter jets and acts as the prime minister of Conservative MP James
organizations like the enemies around the world that navy vessels. Canada was to withdraw our Bezan is his party’s national
threaten our values and security. In less than two years Jus- fighter jets from the fight against defence critic and the MP for
UN, nor can we sit on the Given that international ten- tin Trudeau has reneged on his ISIS, and he did it without a logi- Selkirk-Interlake-Eastman, Man.
sidelines. sions have been on the rise as the promise to exclude the F-35 and cal explanation. The decision was The Hill Times
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THE HILL TIMES | MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 2017 25

Policy Briefing Defence

Electricity grids are


among the things
vulnerable as the
federal government
stalls in modernizing
its cyber-security
strategy. The Hill
Times photograph by
Kristen Shane

Canada’s aging cyber-security


strategy needs update
• Our national cyber-
security strategy has
T he time for Canada to renew
its cyber-security policy is
long overdue. But despite the
systems online, and our dams
from overflowing, among many
other vital roles. Losing even
expensive and seen as harmful to
their bottom line.
The contrast between Canada
passwords and often use the same
password for different accounts.
As well, most Canadians do not
not changed for seven completion of Public Safety Can- one form of critical infrastruc- and the rest of the world could know how to report cyber-crime.
ada’s months-long public consul- ture could lead to the loss of not be clearer. The United States, This is one of the most urgent
years, despite the fact the tation process on cyber-security many lives. United Kingdom, and Australia areas that a renewed cyber-secu-
threat of cyber-attacks in January, the government is still Despite the imminent threat have recently updated their cyber- rity strategy must address. Any
has dramatically evolved yet to act. that cyber-attacks pose to our security strategies with budgets barriers against cyber-attacks
Over the course of this sum- critical infrastructure, Canada is in the billions of dollars, and are become useless if attackers are
since then. mer, two of the most devastating lagging behind its allies in cyber- forming strong relationships with unwittingly let in past them by
cyber-attacks in a decade have security. In fact, our national the private sector to ensure that unsuspecting Canadians. It is the
• Over the course of this taken place: the WannaCry and cyber-security strategy has not their systems are protected too. government’s responsibility to en-
summer, two of the most Petya attacks. Between these two
cyber-attacks, critical services
changed for seven years, despite Meanwhile, the Trudeau sure that Canadians understand
the fact that the threat of cyber- government only allocated this threat.
devastating cyber-attacks like the U.K.’s National Health attacks has dramatically evolved $77.4-million over five years to When Public Safety Canada
in a decade have taken Service, Russia’s interior min- since then. As a result, Canada cyber-security in its first budget, completed its consultations on
istry, and Chernobyl’s radiation has become incredibly vulnerable and is expected to spend just cyber-security, many hoped that
place: the WannaCry and monitoring system were all held to cyber-attacks. $27-million on cyber-security by it would lead to the creation of a
Petya attacks. for ransom by hackers. For example, Canada’s private 2019. If Canada is serious about new cyber-defence strategy.
Worse yet, we know that sector has fallen far behind safeguarding against the threat Furthermore, during the
• Despite the imminent hackers from around the world others in terms of its efforts to of cyber-attacks, it must create a consultations, the government re-
are compromising important update defences against the ever- new strategy that will forge stron- ceived a stunning 2,399 responses
threat that cyber-attacks systems for profit—selling ac- evolving threat of cyber-attacks, ger relationships with the private about how to best update Cana-
pose to our critical cess to the highest bidder on the despite owning a significant sector and allocate the necessary da’s cyber-security policy, result-
infrastructure, Canada is Darknet. For example, CMar- amount of Canada’s infrastruc- funding. ing in a final report with recom-
ket, one of the biggest Darknet ture. According to a Deloitte That being said, Canada’s mendations that were applauded
lagging behind its allies in markets, sold access to NATO survey, only nine per cent of greatest vulnerability is its by experts across the field.
cyber-security. databases, compromising infor- Canada’s organizations can be people. Those who operate our Unfortunately, our government
mation on government officials considered highly secure against critical infrastructure and access has still not even discussed updat-
around the globe and access to cyber-attacks. And to make sensitive information daily are ing its cyber-security strategy.
critical infrastructure such as matters worse, 68 per cent of not being adequately trained. Our This is unacceptable. Without an
energy grids. Canada’s organizations lack the outdated public digital literacy update, Canada could easily fall
The notion that organized ability to recover effectively from programs simply do not teach prey to the next major cyber-
crime and foreign-state actors successful cyber-attacks. Canadians about how to handle attack.
are stealing and selling access to This happens because our the constantly evolving threats The time to act is now.
the systems on which depend in government offers the private they will encounter online. Mobina Jaffer is a Liberal
our everyday lives should worry sector little incentive and funding As a result, several practices Senator from British Columbia
Canadians. The critical infra- to improve. As a result, many that put our systems at risk have and deputy chair of the Senate
Senator Mobina Jaffer structure that hackers target companies simply opt out of become widespread in Canada. National Security and Defence
keep our electrical grids run- using proper cyber-security For example, one in three Committee.
Opinion ning, our telecommunications defences, since they are often Canadians do not change their The Hill Times
26 MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 2017 | THE HILL TIMES

Comment

Canadian Armed
Forces, pictured in
Kabul, Afghanistan,
May 6, 2004.
Photograph courtesy
of MCpl Yves Proteau

Our new Middle East policy? Get out


old testament injunction an ‘eye And, of course, that doesn’t of the context of the slaughter. said so as Canadian jets pounded
We have no business for an eye.’ For if there is a moral take into account the many more In response to the latest attack his country. He stated, in des-
being there, we have equivalent to the dead on both
sides an eye for an eye will mean
millions who have been wounded,
displaced as refugees, died trying
tens of thousands marched in peration https://www.youtube.com/
Barcelona. The theme was “We are watch?v=NLflLdIJeMw : “Now you
no lofty goals capable literally thousands of terror at- to get to Europe or permanently not afraid!”The public response people in NATO listen to me—you
tacks like the recent horrific one traumatized by war—categories
of being achieved, in Barcelona (16 dead). that include millions of children
in Britain, France, and elsewhere
was almost identical.
are bombing the wall that stopped
African migration into Europe. This
we have no genuine The body count in the West’s whose lives will never be the same. Do people actually think this wall stopped the terrorists from al-
criminal assault on Middle East This is what we have done. is a thoughtful let alone strategic Qaeda. This wall was Libya.You are
national interest, we are nations is now in the millions. In What our governments have done response to terror? It implies that destroying it, you fools.”
complicit in a senseless Syria, the death toll is now 470,000 in our name. And we are still these attacks are similar to hur- Even the Canadian Air Force pi-
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/frontline/ doing it. The West either invaded ricanes—unpredictable, unstop- lots knew what the result of regime
daily slaughter and we article/a-staggering-new-death- these countries completely ille- pable, inevitable. In fact they change would be knowing full well
contribute to the creation toll-for-syrias-war-470000/. In Iraq,
it is a staggering 1,455,590 (not
gally (as in Iraq and Afghanistan)
or encouraged and then betrayed
should be afraid because more
is coming. A more appropriate
that the vacuum created would be
filled by al-Qaeda and other Jihad-
of jihadists who want counting foreigners). In Afghani- dissident movements that our slogan might have been ‘Get the ist groups. They referred http://
stan, 105,000 http://www.cnn. governments knew could not pos- West out of the Middle East’ and nationalpost.com/news/world/
to kill us, not for ‘our com/2017/08/21/asia/afghanistan- sibly prevail. Or, as in Syria, our in fact a few demonstrators actu- canadian-military-predicted-libya-
freedoms’ but because war-explainer/ including the governments quickly handed over ally made the point about Western would-descend-into-civil-war-if-
Taliban and Afghan soldiers and the revolution to armed gangs foreign policy. They received little foreign-countries-helped-rebels-
we treat them as less police. In Yemen, pulverized by and jihadists because they were coverage. overthrow-gaddafi to themselves
than human. We should U.S.-backed Saudi Arabia repeat- more likely to prevail against Canada has been incredibly as “Al Qaeda’s Air Force.”
edly accused of war crimes, the Assad in the West’s goal of re- lucky that it has not been targeted We as citizens face the con-
just get the hell out. toll is now over 12,000 (including gime change. Or in Libya where by ISIL. Our contribution to the sequences of our actions every
1,500 from war-induced cholera) we violated the UN resolution for destruction and humiliation of day. If we threaten people or hurt
mostly civilians. A child dies of a no fly zone and turned it into an Muslim countries was our eager them, we get arrested, if we burn
malnutrition every 10 minutes. assassination mission. participation in the ruination down their house, we go to jail, if
https://www.theguardian.com/ Does any of this absolve the of Libya—a country which had we drive recklessly, steal a loaf of
world/2017/jan/16/yemen-war- guilt of the killers in Paris, Lon- boasted the highest standard of bread, or fish without a licence,
death-toll-has-reached-10000-un- don, Barcelona, and other places? living and most generous social we face consequences. But our
says. It is impossible to get an Of course not. Does it mean that programs in Africa. It is a particu- government can join in the
accurate count for Libya which every killer has a legitimate larly egregious result of imperial complete destruction of a country
the West turned into a grotesque grievance against the West? No. hubris. Libya had done every- and it—and we—don’t even get a
failed state as a result of its But that, of course, is one of the thing the West had asked of it: it reprimand.
exalted ‘responsibility to protect’ perverse aspects of terrorism: co-operated fully with the war on Our new Middle East policy?
Murray Dobbin doctrine. Estimates range from anyone can be a jihadist by sim- terror, and it radically reduced It’s simple. We have no business
30,000 to 100,000. ply declaring membership. the size of its military. It also being there, we have no lofty
Opinion Divide that roughly two mil- It is stunning that there is abandoned its nuclear weapons goals capable of being achieved,
lion dead by 16 and you get a almost never any connection program—a lesson North Korea we have no genuine national

P OWELL RIVER, B.C.—For


those (mostly Christians) at-
tracted to the idea that the ‘war on
moral equivalent that would re-
quire 125,000 Barcelona attacks.
made between the terrorist
threat, which is very real, and
will never forget.
In contributing to the assas-
interest, we are complicit in a
senseless daily slaughter and
Hard to imagine? Try imagining the almost 20-year assault on the sination of Muamar Gadhafi we contribute to the creation of
terror’ is a clash of civilizations (a the daily horror in these countries Muslim countries of the Middle Canada contributed to the un- jihadists who want to kill us, not
poisonous notion guaranteed to with a combined daily death toll East. Small wonder then that the precedented refugee crisis which for “our freedoms” but because we
foment decades of unrestrained in multiples of 16, week after popular responses to the terror has engulfed Europe. Gadhafi treat them as less than human. We
violence), a caution: you might week, month after month, year attacks are almost always com- new exactly what would happen should just get the hell out.
want to consider ignoring the after year. pletely devoid of any recognition if he were forced from power and The Hill Times
THE HILL TIMES | MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 2017 27

Comment
The recent motion
by an Ontario
teachers’ union
to remove the
name of Sir John
A. Macdonald
from all schools
because of his role
in establishing
residential schools
sent a shock wave
through many who
revere Macdonald or
other notable figures
named after them.
Library and Archives
photograph

Senator Murray
Sinclair said this is
what reconciliation
looks like: it’s about
debating ideas and
listening to each
other and he prefers
to honour various
Indigenous peoples
rather than take
Macdonald’s name
off. The Hill Times
file photograph
Residential schools existed through the administrations of every prime minister from John A. Macdonald to
Pierre Elliott Trudeau. Indigenous peoples and other minorities could not vote until the middle of the last
century. Gay sex was not allowed until Pearson and Pierre Trudeau, his justice minister. Same-sex marriage was
illegal until the Chrétien-Martin period. The list goes on. The Hill Times file photograph by Kate Malloy

The controversy around


The recent motion by an First Nations and clever treaty
Ontario teachers’ union to remove signing that left the original
the name of Sir John A MacDon- people in the backwaters by the
ald from all schools because of foreign colonizers.
his role in establishing residen- But here’s the thing. As Sir

naming buildings, it’s


tial schools sent a shock wave John A. dreamt the grand alliance
through many who revere Mac- between English and French, he
donald or other notable figures —and most of his colleagues and
after are named after them. successors—were all part of the
So how do you deal with this? massive and overt plan to subju-

actually a good debate


AYale University report from gate First Nations, Inuit, and Métis
last year suggests some principles in a way that still has consequenc-
that can be applied when deciding es today. That’s why it may be a
which names stay and which ones little hard for a Cree kid to delight
go. It’s a helpful approach, but by at the idea of going to Sir John A.
no means a perfect solution. The Macdonald High School.
We need to welcome the debate and not hurl insults at those we disagree with. first question to consider is: “Is a
principal legacy of the namesake
So what was Sir John A.’s prin-
cipal legacy? It depends who you
This is an opportunity to understand discrimination present and past. Second, fundamentally at odds with the mis- talk to. For most long-time students
sion of the university? “ The question of Canadian history and political
as we become a more egalitarian and diverse society, the dominant group and assumes that every one will agree science, it was Confederation. But
culture cannot have the only say or the final say on who and what is important. what the principal legacy is. Take
Louis Riel. A hero and national
listening to the debate lately, one
can be a little confused. At the very
builder to some, a traitor to others. least we need to understand the
and media, but also defines what presence of anglophones there Among the Famous Five who different perspectives.
is the norm for society, what is the until recent decades. advanced women’s rights, were And as Senator Murray Sin-
culture and what is important. In 2012, Status of Women Cana- eugenicists who wanted to erase clair said recently, this is what
Third is diversity and inclu- da put together a list of 29 women some races and people with dis- reconciliation looks like. It’s about
sion—having the totality of who federal buildings could be abilities. And Tommy Douglas, the debating ideas and listening to
Canada reflected in all spheres named after—yes only 29. There are “Greatest Canadian,” said of ho- each other. It’s not always com-
of life—not only the dominant some great names on this list, such mosexuality that it was a mental fortable. Sinclair prefers to honour
group—having buildings and the as Ellen Fairclough, Gabrielle Roy, illness that needed to be treated various Indigenous people rather
likes named after women and Jeanne Sauvé and Bertha Wilson, sympathetically by psychologists. than take Macdonald’s name off.
men and people of various cul- but it was still rather superficial— And Macdonald? He is Back to the forces at play:
Andrew Cardozo tural backgrounds. the first woman to do this, that, and undoubtedly the key architect we need to welcome the debate
New Communications Fourth, we are judging people the other. More in-depth research and driving force of the great and not hurl insults at those we
from the past by the values of today. might well find others who achieved Canadian confederation, which disagree with. This is an oppor-
Then there is the fifth strand at more and the list surprisingly lacks was based on the principles of tunity to understand discrimina-

O TTAWA—Sir John A. Mac-


donald: yes or no? And it
goes well beyond our first prime
play here and that is the influence
of a similar debate south of the
border about erasing racist Con-
diversity. Only one Indigenous
woman and no women of colour.
Never mind Adrienne Clarkson,
respect for diversity of English
and French. But the Fathers of
Confederation excluded the
tion present and past. Second, as
we become a more egalitarian
and diverse society, the domi-
minister. federate heroes, which turned ter- Michaëlle Jean, Eva Ariuk, Daphne people who were here first, the nant group and culture cannot
What’s interesting is that there ribly ugly with the return of racial Odjig, and Rosemary Brown. Indigenous peoples, and purpose- have the only say or the final say
are several different forces at play. street fights into the American Residential schools existed fully decided to exclude them on who and what is important.
And the debate is a proxy for de- political debate, with a president through the administrations of until such time as they could be Third, let’s get the full diversity
bating who we are as Canadians. seemingly to defend the Ku Klux every prime minster, from John assimilated. Colonialists. of the women and men reflected
The first strand is the view Klan and white supremacists. A. Macdonald to Pierre Trudeau. Indigenous peoples of course in things we name after people—
that buildings and schools should The fact is that most things are Indigenous peoples and other had the most open immigration it may seem more evened out
only be named after people are named after historically signifi- minorities could not vote until the policy in the history of this land then. Fourth, some acceptance
highly respectable and devoid cant people and just about every middle of the last century. Gay and allowed the newcomers to not of changing values and norms
of controversy and not those country has a plethora of people sex was not allowed until Pearson only bring their old way, but make should be acceptable and this is a
who espoused ideas or enacted who are so honoured because of (and Pierre Trudeau, his justice their old ways and religions the hard one.
policies that were discriminatory their nation-building contribu- minister). Same-sex marriage was dominant ways in this land. So, And the American strand? We
against any group of Canadians. tions and, in most places, they are illegal until the Chrétien-Martin Confederation. A great accom- just have to live with it, but not let
Second, is the issue of privi- men from the dominant commu- period. The list goes on. plishment? Or a great subjugation it dominate our debates.
lege, or in more understandable nities. In Canada, that plays out That’s not to say we should not of the people who were here first? Andrew Cardozo is president
terms, the dominant group. The as men of Anglo-Saxon Protes- hold various of our leaders, and all An act of European supremacy? of the Pearson Centre (a Pearson
dominant group not only domi- tant background and to a lesser political parties and MPs and news- The expansion of Canada fan) and an adjunct professor at
nates in several spheres of influ- extent francophones in Quebec, paper editors and opinion leaders across Turtle Island after 1867 is Carleton University.
ence, such as politics, business, although there was a healthy who agreed with them, responsible. a history of wars against certain The Hill Times
28 MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 2017 | THE HILL TIMES

Opinion

Trudeau’s ‘feminist’ government should


remove sexual discrimination from Indian Act
and Reconciliation Support Alice Olsen
It has become clear to Group (KTRSG) are disappointed Williams, chair
members of the KTRSG with federal Minister of Status of of the Kawartha
Women Maryam Monsef’s voting Truth and
that the Liberal government position on Bill S-3, an Act to Reconciliation
is not the feminist Amend the Indian Act. Support
As many people know, the Group, says
government Prime Minister Senate moved forward a version members are
Justin Trudeau claimed of Bill S-3, which removed all the disappointed
sex discrimination in the Indian that Minister
it to be in 2015. A genuine Act through the inclusion of what of Status of
feminist government would is known as the “6(1)a All the Way” Women Maryam
clause. Despite this, on June 21,
not appoint female cabinet MPs in the House voted on a gutted
Monsef’s voting
position on Bill
members and then proceed version of the bill, a version that S-3, An Act
continues to discriminate against
to remove from them their Indigenous women and their de-
to Amend the
Indian Act. The
agency to vote in a way that scendants born before 1985. Hill Times file
was more in line with their The Liberal government insist- photograph
ed on party solidarity, so Monsef
own conscience and sense complied and voted in favour of
of justice for all women. the gutted bill.
Considering the large Indig-
enous population in the Peter-
borough and Kawartha area the sex discrimination was not It has become clear to mem- Group, however, are grateful that
and considering that she is the addressed. Further, Indigenous bers of the KTRSG that the Senators understand the need to
minister of Status of Women, this people such as Mary Two-Axe Liberal government is not the eliminate the sex discrimination
is most unfortunate. Early, Jeannette Corbiere-Lavell, feminist government Prime in the Indian Act and are grateful
At a recent meeting of mem- Yvonne Bedard, Sandra Lovelace, Minister Justin Trudeau claimed it for the work of Lynn Gehl.
bers of the Kawartha Truth and Sharon McIvor, Stephane De- to be in 2015. A genuine feminist Alice Olsen Williams, who
Reconciliation Support Group, scheneaux, and Lynn Gehl have government would not appoint lives in Curve Lake First Nation,
which Monsef attended, it became tirelessly worked for decades to female cabinet members and then a reserve north of Peterborough,
apparent that this government will remove all sex discrimination proceed to remove from them Ont., is chair of the Kawartha
Alice Olsen Williams address the sex discrimination in from the Indian Act. Indigenous their agency to vote in a way that Truth and Reconciliation Support
the second stage of consultations. women and their descendants was more in line with their own Group. She was born in Trout
Opinion
This is a meaningless and poor have waited long enough. Clearly conscience and sense of justice Lake, 150 miles north of Kenora,
excuse to Indigenous women and the knowledge, skill, and ability for all women. the Home Land of her mother’s

C URVE LAKE, ONT.—Mem-


bers of the Kawartha Truth
their descendants. A second-stage
approach was argued in 2010, yet
is there for Parliament to remove
this discrimination from the bill.
The members of the Kawartha
Truth and Reconciliation Support
people from time beyond memory.
The Hill Times

House Transport Committee digs into Bill C-49


port Committee will return to tive event recorders—devices that GO Transit and Fort McMurray,
•The main provision on Ottawa early to study Bill C-49, register data about train opera- Alta.-based charter helicopter
rail safety is one that will the Transportation Modernization tions—and external, outward-fac- company Phoenix Heli-Flight are
Act, which includes provisions for ing cameras. In addition, railways already using this technology.
require railway companies rail service and safety. use information from cameras in These operators are on record
to install inward-facing The main provision on rail rail yards, radio communications stating that the equipment enhanc-
safety is one that will require rail- with the rail traffic controllers and es company safety culture and
Locomotive Voice and way companies to install inward- first-person observations of train leads to positive safety outcomes.
Video Recorders (LVVR) in facing Locomotive Voice and Video operations as tools to enhance Findings in the U.S. are simi-
Recorders (LVVR) in Canada. safety. These activities could not larly positive. A study conducted at
Canada. This provision will no doubt be undertaken without consider- San José State University’s Mineta
result in debate. Citing the pri- ing questions of privacy. Transportation Institute followed
•If this technology works vacy of their members, labour Most importantly, the Trans- some 20,000 transit buses equipped
groups are on record opposing portation Safety Board (TSB), the with audio-video equipment. They
to prevent accidents, the use of recording equipment independent body that investi- found that the technology resulted
and if transportation except by investigators after an
accident.
gates transportation accidents in a 40 per cent reduction in col-
and reports to Parliament, is lisions per million miles travelled
investigators and experts While there are legitimate Canada’s federal Transport Minister calling for the use of LVVR for in- and a 30 per cent decline in pas-
are calling for its use to concerns relating to this provi- Marc Garneau, pictured in this file vestigations and for proactive use senger injuries. They also reported
sion, Canada’s railway industry photo on the Hill. The Hill Times file by railway companies as part of findings of up to a 50 per cent
enhance safety, what’s left believes that LVVR will save lives photograph their Safety Management System reduction in unsafe driving events.
to debate? and that privacy will be protected. (SMS). If this technology works to
The limits of use to this technolo- workplace. In a 2003 case involv- The National Transportation prevent accidents, and if transporta-
gy would be dealt with by regula- ing recording at a railway work- Safety Board, the TSB’s U.S. tion investigators and experts are
tion and through company policy. place, the privacy commissioner equivalent, has also called for the calling for its use to enhance safety,
In fact, the railway industry is determined that the rail company’s installation and proactive use of what’s left to debate? When the next
on record proposing guidelines use of digital video cameras was this technology. Their recommen- preventable accident occurs, people
for the use of recording equip- reasonable and useful in answering dation follows numerous accidents opposed to the expanded use of
ment. For example, targeting four key questions: Is the measure and fatalities, including a 2008 col- LVVR must explain to the families
employees, observing areas in the demonstrably necessary to meet lision involving a commuter train and loved ones of those affected if
locomotive cab where there are a specific need? Is it likely to be in Chatsworth, Calif., in which 25 privacy was worth the lives lost.
expectations of personal privacy, effective in meeting that need? Is people were killed and 135 people When the safety of many is in
or posting recordings online—on the loss of privacy proportional to were injured. The investigation the hands of very few, Canada’s
Michael Bourque YouTube or other social media the benefit gained? Is there a less into this accident found that the railways take the view that safety
platforms—would be prohibited. privacy-invasive way of achieving train passed a stop signal while comes first.
Opinion
In addition, there are tests that the same end? the locomotive engineer was send- Michael Bourque is president
the privacy commissioner has In today’s railway operating en- ing and receiving personal text and CEO of the Railway Associa-

B efore Parliament resumes


next week, the House Trans-
used in the past to guide us on how
to use these technologies in the
vironment, activities and commu-
nications are tracked by locomo-
messages on his smartphone.
In Canada, commuter railway
tion of Canada.
The Hill Times
THE HILL TIMES | MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 2017 29

Nominations News

unsuccessful nomination contes-


tants accused the party leader-
ship of playing favourites. Now,
it remains to be seen if the party
leadership protects incumbent
MPs from nomination challenges
before the 2019 election, or sets
targets that could save them
from going through the divisive
process.
For any political party leader,
one of the key challenges is to
keep backbenchers happy. One
way that some party leaders
choose to do that is by protecting
incumbent MPs from nomination
challenges, or coming up with
rules that almost guarantee wins
for sitting MPs.
Prior to every election, win-
ning the nomination for the next
election is every incumbent’s pre-
occupation. Although MPs have
an overwhelming advantage be-
cause of their name recognition,
ability to raise funds, and usually
supportive riding association
executives, they still try to avoid
going through the nomination
process. This is chiefly because
in an open and fair contest, any
MP could lose his or her nomi-
nation. These fights especially
become more intense for parties
in government or the ones who
are perceived to form government
in the next election.
The Conservative Party is also
currently holding its own internal
discussions about nomination
rules in held ridings. The Con-
servative Party told MPs in 2016
that they could avoid nomination
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, pictured at a caucus meeting last year on the Hill. Liberal MPs will soon submit their input to the party on what the nomination challenges if their riding associa-
rules should be for the 2019 election cycle. The Hill Times file photograph tion could raise $150,000 and sign
up at least one per cent of eligible
voters as riding association mem-
bers. For MPs who were able to
“I’m certain the party appreci- ban ridings could be required to meet these conditions by April of

Liberal Party
ates the different realities, not have 200 to 500 riding association next year, the party would hold
only between urban/rural, but members and rural MPs to have a vote amongst ridings associa-
different parts of the country,” 100 members. Also, Ms. Mendès tion members on whether there
said Mr. Bittle. “These are the said, MPs should be required to should a nomination contest or
discussions that we’ll have and not. If more than one-third voted

seeks input from


raise $75,000 to $80,000 by the
I look forward to having those end of their four-year mandate. in favour of holding a contest, the
discussions.” “Most [MPs], I would say, party would arrange one. If less
Just before the start of the would go for being protected, out- than one-third asked for one, the
summer parliamentary recess, right protection,” Ms. Mendès said sitting MP would be acclaimed as

MPs on potential Liberal MPs told The Hill Times


they want Prime Minister Justin
Trudeau (Papineau, Que.) to
protect them from nomination
in July. “They can live with some
sort of criteria that will guarantee
our nomination, but most would
love to have outright protection.”
the candidate.
Some rural Conservative MPs
did not support these rules, arguing
the amount of money required to

protection from
challenges. They said elected MPs Liberal MPs are also nervous be raised was too high, as fundrais-
spend about half a year in Ottawa about nomination challenges ing is harder in rural areas com-
to perform their parliamentary because of Mr. Trudeau’s decision pared to urban ones. In interviews
work, but their potential challeng- last year to abolish the $10 party with The Hill Times, they also said

nomination
ers have the opportunity to spend membership fee. Now, anyone the party never consulted them
this time to sign up new people. can register with the party and before coming up with the funding
“When you get into a nomina- participate in all party activities, and membership targets.
tion fight, Members of Parliament including voting in nomination Former Conservative MP Joe

challenges
have to be in Ottawa and they’ve meetings and party leadership Preston, now a member of the
got an obligation to carry forth elections, the same rights that Conservative Party’s national
the government’s agenda here, paid members had before. Also, council, told The Hill Times last
and so by default they have to registered Liberals can take part week, the council is meeting in
be in Ottawa to carry forth that in the policy development process Ottawa in October and that the
email that the party is currently agenda, so they’re needed here,” and attend riding association nomination rules for incumbent
Liberal MP Alexandra in the process of holding a “com- veteran Liberal MP Wayne Easter meetings. MPs is one of the key agenda
(Malpeque, P.E.I.), who won his items for this meeting.
Mendes says most of prehensive” consultation process
to figure out the nomination rules eighth-term in 2015, told The Hill
In comparison, the Con-
servative Party and the New “There’s a variety of opinions
her caucus colleagues for 2019. In this process, he said,
the party is consulting registered
Times in July, and added that
elected MPs could face “someone
Democratic Party still charge
membership fees. The Conser-
in a grassroots organization like
our party,” Mr. Preston said last
would go for ‘outright Liberals, caucus members, past in the riding basically under- vative Party charges $15 for a week.
candidates, riding associations, mining them and going for that yearly party membership, and the The NDP does not protect
protection.’ commissions, and provincial and nomination when they don’t have New Democratic Party member- sitting MPs from nomination
territorial boards. He declined those obligations to be here and ship fee varies from province to challenges, and requires that all
Continued from page 1 to say when the rules would be to support the legislative agenda province, ranging between no fee caucus members win their nomi-
finalized. that we’re carrying forth.” in Newfoundland and Labrador nation. The New Democrats have
“I will definitely be giving Liberal MP Chris Bittle (St. At the time, Liberal MP Alex- to as much as $25 in Ontario and never formed government feder-
my suggestions on nominations Catharines, Ont.) told The Hill andra Mendès (Brossard-Saint- Nova Scotia. ally and has attained the status of
to the party,” rookie Liberal MP Times he would also provide his Lambert, Que.) also told The Hill Before becoming prime the official opposition only once.
Deborah Schulte (King-Vaughan, feedback and input to the party Times that she and most of her minster, Mr. Trudeau promised Because of this, NDP MPs do not
Ont.) told The Hill Times, though in the fall. He declined to share caucus colleagues wouldn’t mind free, fair, and open nomination face the same serious nomina-
she declined to share her ideas. specifics, but said that rural and if the party opted to set certain contests in all 338 ridings across tion challenges that Liberal and
Braeden Caley, senior director urban ridings should have dif- targets, and MPs who meet those the country. But prior to the 2015 Conservative MPs face.
of communications to the Liberal ferent rules because of different targets were protected. She sug- election, there were numerous arana@hilltimes.com
Party, told The Hill Times in an electoral dynamics. gested that MPs representing ur- ridings across the country where The Hill Times
30 MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 2017 | THE HILL TIMES

News Indigenous Affairs

INAC split a ‘game-


timing is a “genuine concern on ernment’s consultations need
the part of those of us who are to take place in every province
interested in seeing forward prog- and territories, and “make sure
ress in this area.” everybody has a seat and a voice.”
Liberal MP Don Rusnak Ultimately, he said he’s “cautious-
(Thunder Bay-Rainy River, Ont.), ly optimistic.”

changer’ but more


chair of the Liberal Indigenous “The status quo wasn’t obvi-
Caucus, said recent the move to ously working, so you have to
restructure the government’s rela- try new, innovative things. This
tionship with Indigenous peoples is part of that. Let’s be optimistic
is a “game-changer.” and give it a chance,” he said.

steps needed to truly


“The 10 principles that were re- In a Sept. 6 piece for Policy Op-
leased by the government—guiding tions magazine, Queen’s Universi-
the government and the recogni- ty political science PhD candidate
tion of the rights and self determi- Veldon Coburn argued it’s “not
nation of Indigenous peoples that likely” decolonization will follow a
will guide the review of law and restructured INAC. For one thing,

redefine Indigenous
policies—it’s going to be the legacy he said, it’s important to consider
of this government,” he said. the context in which the RCAP
Assembly of First Nations recommendation to split up INAC
National Chief Perry Bellegarde was made, namely, at a period in
has called the splitting up of government “that was, arguably,

relations: sources
INAC a “significant step” forward one of its greatest upheaval,” with
in Crown-Indigenous relations, major departmental restructuring
and in an interview with The having taken place in 1993.
Hill Times last week said the Mr. Coburn noted that, as ex-
newly-named Crown-Indigenous plored in Donald Savoie’s Govern-
Relations minister is “strong ing from the Centre, increasingly
Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami president signal” that’s “more reflective” of a “policy decision and policy direction
AFN national chief Natan Obed, far left, Prime nation-to-nation, treaty relation- originate not with the ministers and
Minister Justin Trudeau, ship with the government. their deputies,” but with the Prime
Perry Bellegarde Assembly of First Nations While it will ultimately come Minister’s Office and the Privy
says the split is a National Chief Perry Bellegarde,
and Crown-Indigenous Relations
down to outcomes, the appoint-
ment of a minister focused on
Council. Moreover, he argued the
two new ministries “will continue to
‘significant step,’ but and Northern Affairs Minister
Carolyn Bennett pictured on
improving Indigenous services is be enmeshed in the dense colonial
machinery of government, chang-
also a positive change that could
is also calling for the National Indigenous Peoples “have a meaningful impact on the ing little, if anything at all.”
Day, June 21, 2017, outside ground for our people,” he said. “While INAC is commonly
appointment of an the former U.S. embassy in “We all want to move beyond believed to be the locus of federal
Ottawa during an announcement the Indian Act. It’s a very colonial, Indigenous policy and program-
independent national to turn the space into an paternalistic piece of legislation, ming, the reality is that the
treaty commissioner. Indigenous centre. The Hill
Times file photograph
and by changing the department,
it is a signal by government that
machinery of government con-
cerned with Indigenous affairs
they want to move along with is dispersed across more than 30
Continued from page 1 us as well,” said Mr. Bellegarde, departments,” he wrote.
and Northern Affairs department reported by The Hill Times. noting though that doing so will “The truth is, INAC is just one
pieces first before making this (INAC) into two as part of the Aug. In response to questions from happen in phases. of many structures that comprise
change,” said Mr. Serson, who 28 cabinet shuffle, where former The Hill Times last week, Ms. Ben- “The most important thing to the immense and wide-reaching
was deputy minister of what was Indigenous and Northern Affairs nett’s office said the government keep in mind though is that gov- colonial apparatus for the admin-
then called Indian and Northern minister Carolyn Bennett (Toronto- is taking “the next significant ernment is now sending the right istration of Indigenous affairs.”
Affairs from 1995 to 1999, during St. Paul’s, Ont.) became Crown- step toward ending the Indian signals that we have a treaty rela- Mi’kmaq lawyer and Ryerson
work on the RCAP, the final re- Indigenous Relations and Northern Act,” with a staged “dissolution tionship with the Crown; we don’t University associate professor
port from which came out in 1996. Affairs minister, and former Health of INAC,” which requires the have a treaty with the department Pam Palmater said in an Aug. 28
“They were suggesting the minister Jean Philpott (Markham- signalled legislative amendments. of Indigenous and Northern Af- interview with CBC News that
idea of a new royal proclamation, Stouffville, Ont.) become Indig- As part of this, two new ministry’ fairs Canada,” he said. she thinks, with the change, the
which would describe the prin- enous Services minister. roles have been “immediately cre- Along with reaching new gov- government has “just doubled the
ciple of this new relationship, and Planning is now underway on ated,” which “take on distinct but ernance agreements with the 634 colonial structure,” and raised
that’s a recommendation that the the split—on how to divide up complementary objectives within First Nations in Canada, Mr. Bel- concerns the split is “more super-
Truth and Reconciliation Com- various programs, budgets, staff, the existing legislated structures.” legarde said it’s not just the govern- ficiality and less substances.”
mission picked up on,” Mr. Serson and the like—but once complete, “Formalization of ministerial ment that needs to move beyond Mr. Rusnak said the Liberal
said in an interview. the two ministers will be served titles and responsibilities will be the 140 year-old Indian Act. Indigenous Caucus has been advo-
He said the RCAP report also by two departments with separate finalized following royal assent of “We have to start moving and cating for“this type of change”since
recommended that legislation be deputy ministers. proposed amendments to the Sal- thinking outside the Indian Act it formed in early 2016, though he
tabled, that’s agreed upon among As recently reported by The Hill aries Act, which is currently ourselves, thinking outside struc- learned of the government’s specific
Indigenous peoples, giving a clear Times, during the transition, cur- before Parliament,” said Ms. Ben- tures that were set up for us, like plan the day it was announced.
indication of the steps to be taken rent INAC deputy minister Hélène nett’s office. tribal councils … like organizing by “It’s extremely exciting. This
to move forward. Laurendeau will remain in place The 1996 RCAP report made province and territories,” he said. is a game-changer for not only
“You still are going to have the and both ministers will be working 440 recommendations in all, Mr. Bellegarde said he has, Indigenous communities across the
same people working there [in out of offices at 10 Wellington St. involving a lot of policy and ana- since the 2015 election, been country, but the whole country,” he
the two, split departments]. As a in Gatineau, Que., and will draft lytical work, said Mr. Serson. As pressing the government and said, adding he believes broad pub-
former deputy, I’m inclined to be- an interim agreement to divide de- a result, the department concen- other federal parties for commit- lic support exists for the change.
lieve that they’re for the most part partmental responsibilities. In the trated on recommendations to im- ments on recommendations in the “People know that we’ve had
good public servants, but what meantime, Ms. Bennett’s commu- prove socio-economic conditions AFN’s “Closing the Gap” docu- a horrible relationship between
they need is a signal that the direc- nications director, who is serving and establishing the Aboriginal ment, including treaty implemen- the federal government and
tion they’ve been on is changing, both ministers in the interim, said Healing Foundation, “as a first tation. He said he found out about Indigenous communities for far
that the approach is going to be “nobody is losing their job.” step,” he said. the government’s specific plan to too long, and that that needs to
a genuine partnership approach The government has indicated While the intention was to split up INAC the day it was made change. Canadians are behind it,
with Indigenous peoples,” he said. that Ms. Philpott will handle return to the more “fundamen- public, on Aug. 28. and they want to make sure that
The federal government re- health, education, child, family, tal and complex issues around Asked whether he’d like to see we get it right also.”
leased 10 “principles” on achiev- and housing services, along with restructuring the relationship,” Mr. a royal proclamation made, Mr. Mr. Rusnak said the caucus is
ing a renewed nation-to-nation efforts to end boil water adviso- Serson said the “players changed” Bellegarde noted it was one of the set to discuss how it can feed into
relationship with Indigenous ries in First Nations communities and there was a lack of continuing Truth and Reconciliation Com- the government’s consultation
peoples, posted on the Justice and food security. Ms. Bennett, demand from the broader public. mission’s 94 calls to action, all of efforts at its next meeting.
Department’s website in July. But on the other hand, will continue “Other priorities took over in which the AFN supports. “Nothing is set in stone.
Mr. Serson said he has seen criti- to spearhead the government’s the government, and the govern- Beyond that, he said he’d like to There’s going to be legislation
cism about of a lack of discus- efforts to reach self-governance ment never went back to those see a national treaty commissioner coming and we don’t want to
sion about these principles with agreements. more fundamental issues,” he appointed, which would be an un- invent that in Ottawa,” he said.
Indigenous leadership. Ms. Bennett will lead roughly said. “This is why a forward-look- elected, independent officer of Par- “The unique position we’re in, we
“You know what Indigenous six months of consultations with ing plan is important. ... So far we liament, like the auditor general, have a lot of connections with not
peoples have been through over Indigenous stakeholders on how get these bits and pieces, and this to focus and report on progress on only leadership but the community
the last 30 years: A failed Char- to restructure the government’s announcement of splitting the de- treaty implementation. He noted members that actually live in the
lottetown Accord, failed Kelowna approach to Indigenous affairs partment looks pretty last minute Canada was created through the communities and are directly af-
Accord. I think that they’re looking ahead of the tabling of legislation since we don’t have the mandate work of treaty commissioners. fected by the decisions that are made
for a stronger indication,” he said. to dissolve INAC and create two letters out even yet.” “Where’s our treaty commis- now and as we move forward.”
The government made public new departments, which could With two years until the next sioner today?” he said. lryckewaert@hilltimes.com
its plan to split the Indigenous take several more months, as federal election, Mr. Serson said Mr. Bellegarde said the gov- The Hill Times
THE HILL TIMES | MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 2017 31

Comment

Much is at stake: we need a productive,


innovative, and competitive economy
Canada ranks 10th Innovation
Minister
entering the job market.
Yet all of this is largely on
in innovation inputs Navdeep Bains, the margins of serious political
right, pictured debate in Canada.
and 23rd in innovation June 7, 2017, While the Trudeau govern-
outputs, according on the Hill ment has tried to seize the agenda
testing out a through its appointment of its
to the WIPO index. hydrogen fuel Advisory Council on Economic
Overall, Canada ranks cell car with
Liberal MP
Growth and its Innovation and
Skills Plan, including a promised
7th in institutions, such David Lametti. innovation agenda, it is slow on
delivery, stronger on rhetoric than
as stable government, The Hill Times
file photograph action. But it is trying. The opposi-
20th in human capital tion parties haven’t even grasped
the importance of the challenges
and research, 18th in we face.
infrastructure, 24th in The new Conservative leader,
Andrew Scheer, seems deter-
business sophistication, mined to return to the discred-
19th in knowledge and ited fiscal policies of the Harper
government with his promise to
technology outputs, and eliminate the federal deficit with-
in two years of achieving office,
27th in creative outputs. no matter what. Yet it was that
obsession by the Harper govern-
ment with deficit elimination in a
period of slow growth that need-
lessly held Canada’s economy
back: what matters is the debt to
GDP ratio, not the deficit per se.
Moreover, Scheer has appoint-
ed, as his critic on innovation pol-
stable government, products or services other coun- icy, Maxime Bernier, a misguided
20th in human capi- tries want, such as CAE in-flight small-government zealot with
David Crane tal and research, simulators, Magna International little appetite for government
Canada & the 21st Century 18th in infrastruc- and Linamar in auto parts, Manu- investment in innovation. We
ture, 24th in business life Financial in insurance, and don’t know who the NDP leader
sophistication, 19th BlackBerry-QNX in autonomous will be, but the NDP is most often

T ORONTO—Canada has still


much to do to develop a pro-
ductive and sustainable economy
in knowledge and
technology outputs,
and 27th in creative
vehicle technology, we need to do
much better. We are a nation of
start-ups, quite good at starting
a champion of small business, fa-
vouring tax cuts for shop owners,
restaurants and beauty salons as
that creates the wealth to sustain outputs. companies, but we fail when it the way to stimulate the economy.
our education and health-care Canada does comes to scale-ups, growing our Yet it is not small business that
systems and to deliver good jobs reasonably well in companies to successful world- drives economic growth—growth
for a prosperous and equitable so- education, based on scale businesses—rather, our comes from growth companies
ciety. More success in innovation international school most promising new companies that start small, but want to be-
is one of the key ways to accom- tests and higher are often acquired by foreign come bigger.
plish this. As the World Intellectu- education rankings. multinationals, so we end up pro- Getting our policies right is
al Property Organization (WIPO) The recent Times ducing seed corn for others. critical. But if our politicians are
says in its Global Innovation Higher Education Much is at stake. Without a failing to study and debate the
Index 2017, “laying the foundation World Univer- more productive, innovative, and real issues we are less likely to
for innovation-driven develop- sity Rankings, for competitive economy we will get the policies right. This applies
ment is more important than ever. example, ranked not be able to earn the wealth to to opposition parties as well as
Only by sustaining investment in the University of support our health, education, government. In today’s world, our
innovation will it be possible to Toronto in 22nd and other needs that depend on a MPs are falling down on the job.
turn the current cyclical upswing While the Trudeau government has tried to seize place, the University growing tax base; nor deliver the They need to get serious about
into sustained economic growth.” the agenda through its appointment of its Advisory of British Columbia good jobs that support a vibrant our real challenges—not be look-
While the current upsurge in Council on Economic Growth and its Innovation 34th, McGill Uni- middle class, provide a ladder for ing for quick and easy headlines.
Canada’s GDP numbers is wel- and Skills Plan, including a promised innovation versity 42nd, and those seeking to climb out of a David Crane can be reached at
come news, this should be seen as agenda, it is slow on delivery, stronger on rhetoric McMaster Univer- low-income world, or create the crane@interlog.com.
part of the cyclical recovery from than action. But it is trying. The opposition parties sity 78th, in the top opportunities for young people The Hill Times
the deep recession of a decade ago haven’t even grasped the importance of the 100 universities. But
and its aftermath. But this does not challenges we face. The Hill Times file photograph Canadian business,
mean we are now on the path to it appears, does not
the innovative and high-productiv- The index, developed by know how to make the best use of
ity economy we need for a sus- WIPO, Cornel University, and IN- skilled graduates.
tained better future. We are not. SEAD, the prominent European Another report, the 2016 Top
For Canada, this is a real chal- business school, lists Switzerland, 100 Global Innovators Report, did
lenge. We can no longer count on Sweden, the Netherlands, the not list a single Canadian com-
$100 oil to bail us out. We were United States, and Britain as the pany among the world’s top 100
never an energy superpower and leading innovation nations. At the innovative corporations—Black-
won’t become one. Nor can we as- same time, China has moved from Berry was on the list last year but
sume things will return to the way 25th to 22nd spot while Mexico was dropped this year. The list,
they were, because they won’t. struggles at its 58th spot. The Ca- prepared by Clarivate Analytics
The world has changed. Instead, nadian problem seems to be one (formerly the intellectual property
we have to create new economic of turning innovation inputs, such and science business of Thomson
strengths through innovation. Yet as investment in education and Reuters), included 39 U.S. compa-
WIPO’s latest innovation index support for research and devel- nies, 34 Japanese, 10 French, four
ranks Canada 18th in the world, opment, into innovation outputs German, three South Korean and
a drop from its 15th place a year and competitive new products three Swiss companies among the
earlier. Our businesses are weak and services. Canada ranks 10th top 100. China, Finland, Ireland,
investors in research and develop- in innovation inputs and 23rd in Sweden, and Taiwan had one each The new Conservative leader, Andrew Scheer, seems determined to return to
ment and advanced technologies innovation outputs, according to and the Netherlands two. the discredited fiscal policies of the Harper government with his promise to
and many fail to scale up to the the WIPO index. Overall, Canada While Canada has some truly eliminate the federal deficit within two years of achieving office, no matter
needed size for global success. ranks 7th in institutions, such as competitive companies producing what. The Hill Times file photograph
32 The Hill Times | MONDAY, September 11, 2017

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THE HILL TIMES | MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 2017 33

Here comes

hill climbers
trouble: New
Veterans
Minister Seamus
O’Regan has
a new chief of
by Laura Ryckewaert staff running his
office. The Hill

After cabinet shuffle,


Times file photo

new Veterans Affairs


Minister O’Regan
hires a chief of staff
P ARLIAMENT HILL—New
Veterans Affairs and Associ-
ate Defence Minister Seamus
Climbers for any updates.
Peter Cullen is no longer listed
as working in the Veterans Affairs
O’Regan has a new chief of staff minister’s office, according to the
running his first-ever ministerial government’s electronic directory
office. Cyndi Jenkins moved over service. He had been hired to the
from her role in the Prime Minis- office around May 2016 as an assis-
ter’s Office to take on the job. tant to the minister’s parliamentary
Until recently, Ms. Jenkins had secretary, then Liberal MP Karen
been an Atlantic regional desk McCrimmon. Liberal MP Sherry
adviser in the PMO’s operations Romanado was shuffled in as par-
branch since the beginning of liamentary secretary for Veterans
2016. Before that, she was director Affairs back in January.
of issues management in Liberal As recently reported by Hill
New Brunswick premier Brian Climbers, just before the shuffle
Gallant’s office in Fredericton. Alex Wellstead stepped into the
Ms. Jenkins briefly served as role of press secretary in the Veter-
executive director of the New ans Affairs minister’s office, filling As she works to hire on her director of communications; and and acting director of communi-
Brunswick Liberal Association, a role which opened up after press own team, Ms. Philpott is also Brian Kaufmann, senior policy cations; Katherine O’Halloran,
according to her LinkedIn profile, secretary Sarah McMaster went currently being supported by ex- adviser, amongst others. national manager of regional af-
and is a former associate with Cox on maternity leave last month. empt staffers working for Crown- Over in new Public Services fairs; and Anthony Laporte, press
& Palmer, a law firm in Frederic- Along with moving Mr. O’Regan Indigenous Relations Minister and Procurement Minister Carla secretary, amongst others.
ton. Before leaving to study law at into Veterans Affairs and Mr. Hehr Carolyn Bennett, as indicated by Qualtrough’s office, all of former Mr. Hehr has similarly in-
the University of New Brunswick, into the Sports portfolio, the recent Ms. Bennett’s communications minister Judy Foote’s political herited the old Sports minister’s
she was a scheduling coordinator Liberal cabinet shuffle also saw director, James Fitz-Morris, indi- staff team currently remain in staff team, which so far remains
in the office of then Liberal N.B. Jane Philpott take on the new role cated to The Hill Times last week. place during the transition. in place during the post-shuffle
premier Shawn Graham, and a of Indigenous Services Minister, Another first-time minister, Ms. Along with chief of staff transition. Matt Stickney is chief
former political aide to the then- with former parliamentary secre- Petitpas Taylor has largely inherited Gianluca Cairo, that includes of staff in the office. Other senior
named federal minister of Indian tary to the Finance minister Ginette Ms. Philpott’s old staff team, led by senior staffers: Stevie O’Brien, staffers include: David Bedford,
and Northern Affairs in Ottawa. Petitpas Taylor taking over as Health chief of staff Geneviève Hinse. director of policy; Lucio Durante, interim director of policy; Jude
minister. Former That includes senior staffers: director of operations; Taras Za- Welch, director of parliamentary
Sports minister Carla Caroline Pitfield, director of poli- lusky, director of policy, procure- affairs and issues management;
Qualtrough is now cy; Jordan Miller, director of par- ment and parliamentary affairs;
Public Services and liamentary affairs; Yves Comeau, Mary-Rose Brown, policy adviser Continued on page 34
Procurement Minister,
and former Indigenous
and Northern Affairs
minister Carolyn
Cabinet List
Bennett is now the Minister Portfolio Chief of Staff D. Comms Press Secretary Main Office Telephone
Trudeau, Justin Prime Minister, Intergovernmental Affairs, Youth Katie Telford Kate Purchase Eleanore Catenaro, Chantal Gagnon,
Crown-Indigenous Cameron Ahmad 613-957-5555
Relations minister, Bains, Navdeep Innovation, Science and Economic Development Elder Marques - Karl W. Sasseville 343-291-2500
working closely with Bennett, Carolyn Crown-Indigenous Relations Rick Theis James Fitz-Morris Sabrina Williams 819-997-0002
Bibeau, Marie-Claude International Development and La Francophonie Geoffroi Montpetit Louis Bélanger Marie-Emmanuelle Cadieux 343-203-6238,
Ms. Philpott in their (PS) 343-203-5977
new roles. Brison, Scott Treasury Board Sabina Saini Bruce Cheadle Jean-Luc Ferland 613-369-3170
So far, as of filing Carr, Jim Natural Resources Zoë Caron Laurel Munroe Alexandre Deslongchamps 343-292-6837
deadline last week, Champagne, Francois-Philippe International Trade Julian Ovens Joe Pickerill Pierre-Olivier Herbert 343-203-7332
Chagger, Bardish Small Business and Tourism Olivier Duchesneau (acting) Jonathan Dignan - 343-291-2700
the rest of the Veterans House Leader Rheal Lewis Mark Kennedy Sabrina Atwal 613-995-2727
Affairs minister’s team Duclos, Jean-Yves Families, Children and Social Development (acting) Marjorie Michel Mathieu Filion Emilie Gauduchon 819-654-5546
remained in place Duncan, Kirsty Science Anne Dawson Michael Bhardwaj Ann Marie Paquet 343-291-2600
during the post-shuffle Freeland, Chrystia Foreign Affairs Jeremy Broadhurst Alexander Lawrence Adam Austen 343-203-1851,
(D. Comm) 343-203-5938
transition. Garneau, Marc Transport Jean-Philippe Arseneau Marc Roy Delphine Denis 613-991-0700
That includes: Paul Goodale, Ralph Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness Marci Surkes Dan Brien Scott Bardsley 613-991-2924
Cyndi Jenkins is now chief of staff to the Veterans McCarthy, director of Gould, Karina Democratic Institutions Rob Jamieson John O’Leary Byrne Furlong 613-943-1838
Affairs Minister. Photograph courtesy of LinkedIn policy; Jeff Valois, direc- Hajdu, Patty Employment, Workforce Development and Labour Matthew Mitschke Carlene Variyan Matt Pascuzzo 819-654-5611
Hehr, Kent Sports and Persons with Disabilities Matt Stickney Jane Almeida Ashley Michnowski 819-934-1122
tor of parliamentary Hussen, Ahmed Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Ali Salam Bernie Derible - 613-954-1064
affairs; Rob Rosenfeld, Joly, Mélanie Canadian Heritage Leslie Church Christine Michaud - 819-997-7788
She replaces Christine Tabbert director of communications and LeBlanc, Dominic Fisheries, Oceans & Coast Guard Vince MacNeil Kevin Lavigne Laura Gareau 613-992-3474
Lebouthillier, Diane National Revenue Josée Guilmette Cédrick Beauregard John Power 613-995-2960
as chief of staff to the Veterans issues management; Alex Wellstead, MacAulay, Lawrence Agriculture and Agri-Food Mary Jean McFall Guy Gallant Oliver Anderson 613-773-1059
Affairs minister. Her new boss, Mr. press secretary; Ben Charland, McKenna, Catherine Environment and Climate Change Marlo Raynolds Caitlin Workman Marie-Pascale Des Rosiers 819-938-3813
O’Regan, who also hails from the stakeholder relations; Trevor Har- Monsef, Maryam Status of Women Monique Lugli Philippe Charlebois Célia Canon 819-997-2494
East Coast, is the Liberal MP for rison, issues manager; Sarah Nasser, Morneau, Bill Finance Richard Maksymetz Daniel Lauzon Chloe Luciani-Girouard 613-369-5696
O’Regan, Seamus Veterans Affairs, Associate Defence Cyndi Jenkins Rob Rosenfeld Alex Wellstead (Veterans) 613-996-4649,
St. John’s South-Mount Pearl, N.L. policy adviser; Katharine Hues, leg- (Associate Defence) 613-996-3100
Ms. Tabbert had overseen the islative assistant; Bernard O’Meara, Petitpas Taylor, Ginette Health Geneviève Hinse Yves Comeau - 613-957-0200
office under former minister Kent special assistant for operations; Ana Philpott, Jane Indigenous Services - - Andrew MacKendrick 613-957-0200
Hehr, who is now the minister Fujarczuk, executive assistant to the Qualtrough, Carla Public Services and Procurement Gianluca Cairo (acting) Mary-Rose Brown Anthony Laporte 819-997-5421
Sajjan, Harjit National Defence Zita Astravas Renée Filiatrault Jordan Owens 613-996-3100
responsible for Sports and Persons minister; and special assistants Dan- Sohi, Amarjeet Infrastructure and Communities John Brodhead Kate Monfette Brook Simpson 613-949-1759
with Disabilities, from the be- iel Bourque and Annabelle St-Pierre Wilson-Raybould, Jody Justice Lea MacKenzie David Taylor Kathleen Davis* 613-992-4621*
ginning. She was previously an Archambault. Parliamentary affairs and communications adviser.
assistant vice president and lead Having stepped into a brand
Prime Minister’s Press Office: 613-957-5555
counsel for advisory services at new role, Ms. Philpott hasn’t inherit-
Manulife Financial in Toronto, and ed an existing ministerial staff team, Kate Purchase, director of communications
before that was a partner in Fasken but Ms. Philpott’s press secretary Andrée-Lyne Hallé, deputy director of communications
Cameron Ahmad, media relations manager
Martineau’s litigation department. from Health, Andrew MacKendrick,
It’s unclear where Ms. Tab- is continuing to staff the minister
—Last updated on Sept. 6, 2017.
bert is now, but stay tuned to Hill during the transition.
34 MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 2017 | THE HILL TIMES

hill climbers
Navdeep Bains’ director of com- the 2015 federal election. In July
munications, Pauline Tam, has 2016, he was promoted to the role
gone on leave as of Sept. 8. of deputy director of communica-
Ms. Tam indicated she would tions, but not long after switched
be taking leave from her role in titles again to become director of
by Laura Ryckewaert Mr. Bains’ office for health rea- media relations.
sons in a Sept. 6 email to media. Mr. Smith’s twin brother,

Two more federal


She was hired on to work for James Smith, continues to work
the minister back in June 2016, as a press secretary for the NDP
and previously worked as a stra- caucus on the Hill, alongside
tegic communications consultant fellow press secretaries Sarah

NDPers going to
with Own Your Story Strategic Andrews and Mélanie Richer.
Communications in Ottawa. The new B.C. NDP government
Before that, she spent around two was sworn in on July 18, forming
decades as a staff writer for The minority government after striking

work in new British


Ottawa Citizen, ending as the pa- a deal to win the support of the
per’s health and medical reporter. province’s Green Party following
Karl Sasseville remains press the narrow May 9 election. The B.C.
secretary in Mr. Bains’ office, Liberals won 43 of the provincial

Columbia government which is run by chief of staff


Elder Marques.
legislature’s 87 seats in the election,
while the NDP won 41 seats and
the Greens three.
Mr. Smith and Mr. Howlett join
More federal NDP some familiar faces from Ottawa in
Continued from page 33 manager of field organization for
the Liberals in Ontario during the
staffers heading to B.C. B.C. Former NDP director of leader-
ship Rick Devereux, who also previ-
Jane Almeida, director of commu- 2015 election campaign. ously was director of operations to
Two more federal NDP staffers George Smith is B.C. bound. The Hill the NDP leader on the Hill, is now
nications; and Ashley Michnows- He’s now the only person in the are heading West to work for the
ki, press secretary. Times file photo director of events services in the
office specifically listed as providing new NDP government in British Co-
More post-shuffle staffing youth affairs advice, after former B.C. government’s communications
lumbia, led by premier John Horgan. and public engagement branch.
changes are expected to likely youth affairs adviser Hilary Leftick Tim Howlett worked his last holder relations and issues man-
follow the recent Liberal summer switched roles to become director agement, before being promoted Former NDP senior caucus
day as director of policy and writer Danielle Dalzell also now
caucus retreat, which took place of public appointments in the PMO research for the NDP caucus on to the role of director of policy and
Sept. 5 to Sept. 7 in Kelowna, B.C. early this year after the departure of research in September 2016. works in the communications
the Hill the week before last. He’s and public engagement branch as
In other PMO staffing news, now Liberal MP Mary Ng. been tapped to serve as manager George Smith similarly marked
youth affairs adviser Tamer Mr. Trudeau is also the minis- his last day working as director of manager of special projects.
of issues management in the B.C. Ray Guardia is chief of staff
Abdalla recently got a shout ter responsible for youth and for government’s communications and media relations for the federal NDP
out from Prime Minister Justin intergovernmental affairs. caucus on the Hill last week. He’s to Mr. Mulcair, who’s set to be
public engagement branch, which replaced as party leader some
Trudeau on Twitter. falls under the purview of Minister been hired on as a senior assistant to
“Big welcome back to @tam- B.C. Attorney General David Eby, the time next month. Jordan Leich-
erabdalla! He’s re-joined PMO Innovation of Advanced Educations, Skills,
and Training Melanie Mark. NDP MLA forVancouver Point Grey. nitz, Lucy Watson and Chantale
after Army Reserve training this Turgeon are deputy chiefs of
summer. Thanks to all [Cana- Minister Bains’ Mr. Howlett has spent a number
of years working on Parliament Hill,
Mr. Smith started working for
the NDP on the Hill shortly after staff. Amongst other central NDP
Hill staff, Riccardo Filippone, to
dian] reservists for your service,”
tweeted Mr. Trudeau on Sept. 1.
communications starting off as a legislative assistant the 2011 federal election, during its
early days as official opposition. whom both Mr. Smith and Mr.
to NDP MP Nathan Cullen. After
Mr. Abdalla has been work-
ing as a youth affairs adviser in
director takes leave the 2011 election, he joined the NDP He became executive and media Howlett reported, remains direc-
tor of strategic communications.
official opposition leader’s office assistant to outgoing NDP leader
the Prime Minister’s Office since Thomas Mulcair, and did commu- lryckewaert@hilltimes.com
Innovation, Science, and and filled a number of roles over the
January 2016, having served as nications work for the party during The Hill Times
Economic Development Minister years, including policy and stake-
www.policymagazine.ca September—October 2017
1

Canadian Politics and Public Policy

September 19, 2017


Free Trade at 3O
A Policy Magazine Working Lunch
Renewing NAFTA at 25

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A Panel Discussion with Authors from Our Special Issue
Sarah Goldfeder, Principal, Earnscliffe Strategy Group and former U.S. diplomat The Rideau Club, 99 Bank Street 15th Floor
who advised two U.S. ambassadors to Ottawa as well as serving in Mexico.
Meredith Lilly, Simon Reisman Chair in International Affairs at Carleton Date: September 19, 2017
University and former international trade adviser in previous PMO. Time: 12–1.30 PM
Don Newman, Senior Counsel, Navigator and Ensight Canada,
Policy columnist and Chair, Canada 2020. Tables of 8 @ $1,000, 1/2 tables @ $500
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THE HILL TIMES | MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 11, 2017 35

Events Feature
Fête Champêtre—The Ottawa Symphony Orchestra

Parliamentary invites you to Fête Champêtre, one of Ottawa’s premier


must-attend cultural events. Guests will socialize over

Calendar
light refreshments, fine beverages, and the sound of
beautiful classical music. This year’s event is hosted
by Claudio Taffuri, the Ambassador of Italy to Canada.
Tickets are limited. $100 each. Visit tiny.cc/ottawasym-
phony for more information or call 613-231-7802.
FRIDAY, SEPT. 15
SSHRC Impact Awards—Governor General David
Johnston will present the 2017 Social Sciences and
Humanities Research Council (SSHRC) Impact Awards
at Rideau Hall, on Friday, Sept. 15, 2017, at 6 p.m.
The Impact Awards recognize the highest achievements
in social sciences and humanities research, knowledge

Federal cabinet mobilization, and scholarship supported by SSHRC.


Five awards will be presented including the Gold
Medal. By invitation only. For more info: heather.sams@
sshrc-crsh.gc.ca or 613-992- 5138.

meets in St. How Resurgent Nationalism is Reshaping Economics


and the World—Join Carleton alumnus Greg Ip, chief
economics commentator at the Wall Street Journal,

John’s for pre-


for a discussion about resurgent nationalism and the
retreat of elite opinion. From his perch in Washington,
D.C., he will discuss the origins of these trends, how
durable they are, whether Canada will join them, and

Parliament what it means for economists and journalists. Singhal


Family Theatre on the second floor of Richcraft Hall at
Carleton University. Doors open at 6:30 p.m.; keynote
Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, pictured at Ottawa’s gay pride parade on Aug. 27, will
be convening a cabinet meeting in St. John’s, N.L., from Sept. 11-13. The Hill Times

retreat
speech, 7 p.m.; reception at the theatre atrium, 8:30- photograph by Andrew Meade
9:30 p.m. Admission is free.
SATURDAY, SEPT. 16
Canadian Press/CBC Golf Tournament—The second
annual Parliament Hill Open is taking place Saturday, TUESDAY, SEPT. 19 THURSDAY, SEPT. 21
Sept. 16. Mont Cascades Golf Club, Cantley, Que. Consumers 150: The State of Canadian Consumer Big Thinking on the Hill with Bessma Momani and
(30 minutes from Ottawa). Tee times start around 11 Rights and Advocacy—This two-day conference will Jillian Stirk—The next Federation for the Humanities
MONDAY, SEPT. 11 a.m.; best-ball format, with a bevy of prizes, and an examine issues affecting Canadian consumers, includ- and Social Sciences’ Big Thinking on the Hill lecture
auction raising money for the Tom Hanson Photojour- ing the cost of prescription drugs, sharing economy features Bessma Momani and Jillian Stirk speaking on
Cabinet Retreat—The newly shuffled cabinet is set nalism Award, a six-week CP internship for an aspiring platforms, air passenger protections, and much more. “Diversity dividend: Canada’s global advantage’. What is
to meet in St. John’s, N.L. for a retreat from Sept. 11 photographer that honours the memory of one of its Ottawa, Ont., Sept. 19-20. For complete information the relationship between diversity and economic prosper-
to 13, just before Parliament returns. most celebrated and popular press gallery members. and to register, please visit consumers150.ca. The con- ity? Join Bessma Momani, professor of political science
House Health Committee Meets on the Hill—The Sign up as a complete foursome or as a single or pair. ference is being hosted by the Public Interest Advocacy at the University of Waterloo and Senior Fellow at the
House Health Committee will be holding meetings all $95, includes green fee, power cart, and steak dinner. Centre, Option consommateurs, the Consumers Council Centre for International Governance Innovation and
week, beginning on Monday, Sept. 11 to review Bill Email CP Ottawa’s James McCarten (james.mccarten@ of Canada, and Union des consommateurs. Jillian Stirk, former Canadian ambassador and a Mentor
C-45, the Cannabis Act. The committee will be hearing thecanadianpress.com) or the CBC’s Paul MacIn- Research in Canada: The Naylor Report Under the Mi- with the Pierre Elliott Trudeau Foundation as they pres-
from witnesses all week long from 8:30 a.m.-6 p.m. nis (paul.macinnis@cbc.ca) for more information or to croscope—Join Universities Canada and Policy Options ent the results and policy recommendations from a year-
(EDT). Monday to Friday, Room 415, Wellington Build- hold your space. for a lively discussion moderated by Jennifer Ditchburn, long research project that shows a positive correlation
ing, 197 Sparks St. NDP Summer Caucus Retreat—The retreat is taking editor-in-chief of Policy Options, on the report from the between workplace diversity, revenue and productivity
House Transport Committee Meets on the Hill—The place at the Hamilton Convention Centre on Sept. 16 Fundamental Science Review Panel. Featured speakers in Canada. A hot breakfast will be served on Thursday,
House Transport Committee will be holding meetings and 17. All 44 NDP MPs are expected to arrive in include: John Borrows, Canada Research Chair in Indig- Sept. 21 from 7:30 am to 8:45 am in the Parliamentary
this week, also beginning Monday, Sept. 11 to Thurs- Hamilton, Ont., a day before the retreat to attend a CFL enous Law, University of Victoria Law School; Santa Restaurant, Centre Block. Free for parliamentarians and
day Sept. 14. The committee will be reviewing Bill football game between the Hamilton Tiger-Cats and the Ono, president of The University of British Columbia; the media - $25 for all others. Organized in partnership
C-49, the Transportation Modernization Act. Saskatchewan Roughriders on Friday evening. and Dr. Janet Rossant, president and scientific director with the Pierre Elliott Trudeau Foundation. For more
Happy Birthday, MP Raj Grewal—Liberal MP Raj Carleton University’s Big 75th Birthday Bash—The of the Gairdner Foundation. Sept. 19, 2017, 12 to information and to register go towww.ideas-idees.ca/big-
Grewal (Brampton East, Ont.) celebrates his birthday university is celebrating its 75th birthday with an event 2 p.m., Fairmont Château Laurier, Laurier Room. For thinking or call 613-238- 6112 ext. 310.
today. He turns 32. with free admission featuring a 50-foot ferris wheel, more information, visit univcan.ca/events. Diversity Dividend: Canada’s Global Advantage—The
TUESDAY, SEPT. 12 birthday cake, beer gardens, magic show, and more. A Policy Magazine Working Lunch: The NAFTA Canadian Federation for the Humanities and Social Sci-
10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Saturday, Sept. 16. Parking Lot 5, Talks—Hosted by Policy Magazine, there will be a panel ences in partnership with the Pierre Elliott Trudeau Founda-
Ballade on the Rideau—The Ottawa Choral Society is Athletics Centre, 1125 Colonel By Dr., Ottawa. events. discussion with Sarah Goldfeder, principal at Earnscliffe tion presents this Big Thinking Lecture featuring Bessma
organizing a twilight cruise along the Rideau Canal to carleton.ca/carletons-75th-birthday-bash. Strategy Group and former U.S. diplomat; Meredith Lilly, Momani, senior fellow, Centre for International Governance,
raise funds for its concerts, and vocal and choral arts in Simon Reisman chair in international affairs at Carleton University of Waterloo, and Jillian Stirk, former ambassador
the nation’s capital. The cruise departs from the board- SUNDAY, SEPT. 17
University and former PMO international trade adviser; and assistant deputy minister, and mentor with the Trudeau
ing pier in front of the Shaw Centre in Ottawa (east 10th Edition of the Canada Army Run—This annual Don Newman, senior counsel Navigator and Ensight Can- Foundation. Sept. 21. 7:30-8.45 a.m. Parliamentary
side of the canal) at 5 p.m. and terminates at Dow’s race weekend features members of the public and ada, Policy columnist and chair Canada 2020. Moderated Restaurant, Centre Block. $25, pre-registration required.
Lake at 6:30 p.m. It will feature wine, a selection of Canadian Armed Forces. Sunday, Sept. 17. Register by Policy editor L. Ian MacDonald. Tuesday, Sept. 19, Complimentary for Parliamentarians and the media. Break-
savoury treats, and the light, mellow jazz offerings of online via armyrun.ca. Festival Plaza, Ottawa City Hall. 12 noon-1:30 p.m., The Rideau Club, 99 Bank St., 15th fast included. ideas- idees.ca/events/big-thinking.
guitarist Ed Stevens. $50 per person; only room for 90 Terry Fox Run for Cancer Research—This annual floor. Info: info@policymagazine.ca or 514-943- 3868. Library and Archives Canada’s Signature Series: Paul
passengers. Reserve now at 613-725-2560 or admin@ event takes place in communities across Canada. Run, Invictus Games 2017: Transforming Empathy in Martin—Please join us for this lively conversation as
ottawachoralsociety.com. walk, blade, or bike in a non-competitive environment Empowerment—Join the Canadian Club of Ottawa Dr. Guy Berthiaume, librarian and archivist of Canada,
Mexico, Canada, NAFTA, and Beyond—As discussion while raising funds for cancer. terryfox.org/run/. for its first luncheon of the season with Michael interviews former prime minister Paul Martin before a live
on the “modernization” of the North American Free Trade NDP Leadership Candidate Showcase—Leadership Burns, CEO, Invictus Games 2017. The 2017 Invictus audience. A 15-minute question period for media will fol-
Agreement (NAFTA) ramps up, Mexican Ambassador candidates will have one last chance to pitch to voters Games will honour the men and women who have come low. Documents from Library and Archives Canada’s Paul
Dionisio Pérez-Jácome will help shed light on what’s before online voting begins tomorrow. Hamilton, Ont. face-to-face with the realities of sacrificing for their Martin fonds will also be on display during the event. The
at stake, the risks, and opportunities, along with other country, by using the power of sport to help them on discussion will be in English with simultaneous transla-
strategic elements of the Canada-Mexico relationship. MONDAY, SEPT. 18
their journey to recovery. 11:30 a.m.-2 p.m. Fairmont tion in French. Sept. 21. 12:15-1:15 p.m. Library and
5:30 p.m. registration, cash bar, reception; 6:30 p.m. Online Voting Begins in NDP Leadership Race—The Château Laurier, Drawing Room, 1 Rideau Street. Archives Canada, 395 Wellington Street, 2nd floor.
presentation, discussion; 7:45 p.m. optional dinner. first ballot results announcement will take place Oct. 1,
Rideau Room, Sheraton Hotel, 150 Albert St. For a list and subsequent ballot results each following week until WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 20 FRIDAY, SEPT. 22
of ticket prices and to register: https://cicncbsep122017. a winner is determined. A new leader will be selected Liberal Caucus Meeting—The Liberals will meet in Group of 78 Annual Conference—The Group of 78
eventbrite.ca or ottawa@thecic.org or 613-903-4011. no later than Oct. 15. Room 237-C Centre Block on Parliament Hill. For more hosts its annual conference in Ottawa, with the theme:
ASEAN Film Festival—The ASEAN Committee in Ottawa House Resumes—The House of Commons resumes information, please call Liberal Party media relations at “Getting to Nuclear Zero: Building Common Security
is organizing this film festival. At a on Sept. 18 and is scheduled to sit weekdays until Oct. media@liberal.ca or 613-627-2384. for a Post-MAD World.” For details on the agenda and
launch evening on Sept. 12, the ACO will be screening a 6. It will take a one-week break, Oct. 9-13. It will sit Conservative Caucus Meeting—The Conservatives registration, visit http://group78.org/conference-2017/
Brunei-made film, Yasmine. 5:30-8:30 p.m. Ottawa Public again for four consecutive weeks, meeting weekdays will meet for their national caucus meeting. For more or call 613-565-9449.
Library, 120 Metcalfe St., Ottawa. eventbrite.com/e/asean- from Monday, Oct. 16 to Friday, Nov. 10. It will take information, contact Cory Hann, director of com-
film- festival-launching-evening-tickets- 37424645121. a one-week break from Nov. 13-17 and will return munications with the Conservative Party of Canada at
SATURDAY, SEPT. 23
Happy Birthday, MP Angelo Iacono—Liberal MP on Monday, Nov. 20, to sit every weekday for four coryhann@conservative.ca. Recovery Day Ottawa 2017—The Community Addic-
Angelo Iacono (Alfred-Pellan, Que.) celebrates his consecutive weeks until Friday, Dec. 15. The House is NDP Caucus Meeting—The NDP caucus will meet tions Peer Support Association (CAPSA) will be holding
birthday today. He turns 52. scheduled to adjourn that day. from 9:15-11 a.m. in Room 112-N Centre Block, on its 5th annual Recovery Day Ottawa at City Hall to raise
WEDNESDAY, SEPT. 13 CPAC’s 25th Anniversary: The Cable Public Affairs Wednesday. For more information, please call the NDP awareness about addictions and to celebrate those in
Channel, popularly known as CPAC, is marking its 25th Media Centre at 613-222-2351 or ndpcom@parl.gc.ca. recovery from addiction and their supporters. The event
Census Data Release—On Sept. 13, Statistics Can- anniversary with an event in Ottawa’s Hill precinct. The Bloc Québécois Caucus Meeting—The Bloc Québécois will run from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m., with the main rally to go
ada will release data from the 2016 census on income public affairs cable channel, which broadcasts parlia- caucus will meet from 9:30 a.m. in the Francophonie room from 1:30 to 3:30 p.m. To RSVP or for more information
for Canada, its provinces and territories, municipalities, mentary proceedings, will use the event to celebrate (263-S) in Centre Bock, on Wednesday. For more informa- visit RecoveryDayOttawa.ca or contact Gord Garner at
and many more detailed levels of geography. Media the milestone and unveil what’s next for the network. tion, call press attaché Julie Groleau, 514-792-2529. 613-709-2418 or Raylene Lang-Dion at 613-355-3428.
lock-up: 12 a.m. (midnight) until 8:30 a.m. ET. Statis- It will run from 5:30 to 8 p.m. at Room 100, Sir John U.S. First Lady Melania Trump to Visit Canada—U.S.
tics Canada (Ottawa), 170 Tunney’s Pasture Driveway, A. Macdonald Building, 144 Wellington Street. RSVP THURSDAY, SEPT. 21 First Lady Melania Trump will lead the United States
Jean Talon Building. by Sept. 1. Diversity Dividend: Canada’s Global Advantage—The delegation in support of the 90 American athletes
THURSDAY, SEPT. 14 TUESDAY, SEPT. 19 Canadian Federation for the Humanities and Social Sci- slated to compete at the Invictus Games in Toronto,
ences in partnership with the Pierre Elliott Trudeau Founda- from Sept. 23 to 30, 2017.
Canadian Psychiatric Association Conference 2017— Senate Resumes—The Senate is set to resume on tion presents this Big Thinking Lecture featuring Bessma The Parliamentary Calendar is a free events listing.
This annual scientific and continuing education confer- Sept. 19. It is scheduled to sit Tuesday to Thursday Momani, senior fellow, Centre for International Governance, Send in your political, cultural, diplomatic, or governmental
ence will take place at the Shaw Convention Centre, 55 (with the option of adding Mondays and Fridays) for University of Waterloo, and Jillian Stirk, former ambassador event in a paragraph with all the relevant details under the
Colonel By Dr., Ottawa, Ont. Scientific programming three consecutive weeks until Oct. 5, with a break and assistant deputy minister, and mentor with the Trudeau subject line ‘Parliamentary Calendar’ to news@hilltimes.
from 8:30 a.m. on Sept. 14 to 6 p.m. on Sept. 16. week Oct. 9-13. It will resume sitting Oct. 17 to Nov. Foundation. Sept. 21. 7:30-8.45 a.m. Parliamentary com by Wednesday at noon before the Monday paper or by
Close to 300 leaders in the field of psychiatry and 9, which will be followed by another break week, Nov. Restaurant, Centre Block. $25, pre-registration required. Friday at noon for the Wednesday paper. We can’t guaran-
mental health will be in Ottawa to present new research 13-17. It will come back Nov. 21 to Dec. 22. Complimentary for Parliamentarians and the media. Break- tee inclusion of every event, but we will definitely do our
on psychiatry, clinical practice, and patient care. fast included. ideas-idees.ca/events/big-thinking. best. Events can be updated daily online too.
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