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Maria Paula Rozo, Maria Camila Suarez

Engineering

Listen carefully the audio about engineering. You will listen to the audio three times. Listen to
the audio from 00:00 to 04:30
Taken from: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=I11y_FLlEp8

1. According to the audio answer the questions below in a complete sentence. (14 points, 2 each)

a) What is the meaning of engineering?


Engineering is a scientific field and job that involves taking our scientific understanding of the
natural world and using to invent, design and build things to solve problems and achieve
practical goals.

b) What are some example of developments in engineering?


Roads, bridges, cars, planes, machines, tools, processes and computers.

c) What are some places where engineers work?


Some engineers works in an office environment, some works in industrial plants, others may
spend time outdoors at construction sites and other engineers travel extensively to plants or
works sites here or abroad.

d) Which were the first categories of engineering and which are the new ones?
Old: Mechanical. chemical, civil, electrical
new: Computer, software, nanotechnology, mechatronic

e) What are the skills required for aspiring engineers?


 They will need at least a bachelor's degree more probably a masters degree from an
engineering school. besides a proper educational background and relevant technical
experience.
 They will need to demonstrate many soft skills, knowledge of the core subject,
application of knowledge, analytical and creative thinking and familiarity with industry
standards in order to get and keep a good job.

f) What is the meaning of the Latin word ingenium?


Innate quality particularly of mental power.

g) How many hours does a standard engineer works?


40 a week
2. According to the audio, match column A with column B. There are two unnecessary options in
column B. (6 points, 2 each)
a) Existed since ancient times as humans
devised essential inventions such as
the wheel.
1) History of engineering b) is encharching of inventing, designing,
analyzing, building and testing machines,
systems, structures and materials to fulfill
objectives and requirements while
considering the limitations imposed
by practicality, regulation, safety, and cost.
2) Branches of engineering d) Address society’s needs and problems on
a number of other scales with a unique
blend of technology and science.
3) What do engineering do f) A person who creates nifty and practical
inventions, products and services.
g) Mechanical, software, civil.

3. Complete the chart with the information given in the audio about what engineers do in
each level. (6 points, 0.5 points per correct level and 1 point per function of engineers)

Level What do engineers do?


Atomic level Material engineers are developing data storage techniques
focusing on the spin of electrons in atoms.

Molecular level Chemical and bio engineers are working on drug delivery systems
that work inside cells.

Macro level Environmental engineers are quantifying the particle flow of


pollutants through soil, to better understand how to clean up
abandoned industrial sites, oil spills and other biohazards.

Galactic level Astronomical engineers are designing spacecrafts for others


world exploration.