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THot
Ceramic Phase

Ceramic matrix with


metallic inclusions

Transition region
`

Metallic matrix with


ceramic inclusions

Metallic Phase

TCold

(a) Continuously graded microstructure.

Metallic matrix
Ceramic inclusion

(b) Discretely graded microstructure

Ceramic phase
Inclusion phase 1

Inclusion phase 2

(c) Multiphase graded microstructure

Fig. 2.9: Characteristics of functionally graded materials