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Problems
Author: E.E. Kimberly

Problem Answer
1 A group of Y-connected IL1 =
resistors is connected in 116.5 A
parallel with a group of IL2 =
Δ-connected resistors to a 123.6 A
230-volt line, as shown in IL3 =
the accompanying 106.3 A
diagram. Calculate the line
currents.

2 As indicated in the diagram at the left, IL1 = 50


an induction motor drawing 50 amp at A
220 volts with 50% power factor, IL2 = 72
lagging, from a three-phase line has A
connected in parallel with it between two IL3 = 56
line wires a single-phase electric furnace A
which draws from the line 25 amp at
100% power factor. Calculate the total
active power. Calculate the current in
each line.

3 If, in Problem 2, the motor power only be measured by the two-wattmeter method, what would
be the reading of each wattmeter?
4 By use of a given size of wire, a load of 1000 kilowatts can be delivered over a two-wire single- 1155
phase line with a loss of 750 watts per wire. How much power could be delivered over a three- kW
phase line through the same distance with the same weight of copper and with the same power
loss in the line?
5 A balanced three-phase, Y-connected load of three single-phase impedances each of which is
5+j6 ohms is connected to a 230-volt line. Determine the line current and the power in the
load. Draw the vector diagram.

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Problems Page 2 of 2

6 Three impedances ZAB = 4+j0.5, ZBC = 5-j6, and ZCA = 10-j0 are connected in delta across a
230-volt three-phase line whose voltage sequence is VAB, VCA, VBC. Calculate the line currents
and the total power in the load. Draw the vector diagram of voltages and currents.
7 Calculate the line currents in Problem 6 for the condition of reversed phase rotation.
8 A balanced three-phase load at 60% power factor is being metered by the two-wattmeter
method. The total power is 4000 watts. What is the power indicated by each meter?
9 Calculate the reactive volt-amperes in Problem 8.
10 A balanced load of three hundred 75-watt lamps on a three-phase system is measured by the
two-wattmeter method. What will be the reading on each wattmeter?
11 An induction motor draws from a three-phase line 5000 watts at 70% power factor. If a single-
phase wattmeter is connected with its current coil in line A and with its potential coil across
lines B and C, how much will be the reading of the wattmeter and what will it measure?
12 A three-wire line of No. 1 conductors 200 ft long with Type-SN insulation (see Appendix) 73.2%
supplies a 120/240-volt single-phase load with maximum permissible current. What per cent of
load increase would be permissible if the system voltage were changed to three-phase 240
volts at the load?
13 If three 5-ohm resistors connected in wye draw 10 amp per phase from a three-phase line, how 4500 W
much power will they draw from the same line if they are connected in delta?

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Last Update: 2011-02-25

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