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9/17/2018 GeoSkills: Relief - Year 8 Geography

Year 8 Geography
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MAPS (/) GEOSKILLS: RELIEF (/GEOSKILLS-RELIEF.HTML)

GEOSKILLS: DRAWING CROSS SECTIONS (/GEOSKILLS-DRAWING-CROSS-SECTIONS.HTML)

LATITUDE AND LONGITUDE (/LATITUDE-AND-LONGITUDE.HTML)

BUSHFIRES IN AUSTRALIA (/BUSHFIRES-IN-AUSTRALIA.HTML)

SEVERITY OF BUSHFIRE HAZARD (/SEVERITY-OF-BUSHFIRE-HAZARD.HTML)

SEVERE BUSHFIRE DAYS (/SEVERE-BUSHFIRE-DAYS.HTML) THE WORST BUSHFIRES (/THE-WORST-BUSHFIRES.HTML)

SURVIVING BUSHFIRES (/SURVIVING-BUSHFIRES.HTML)

PROCESSES SHAPING OUR COASTLINES (/PROCESSES-SHAPING-OUR-COASTLINES.HTML)

EROSIONAL LANDFORMS (/EROSIONAL-LANDFORMS.HTML)

DEPOSITIONAL LANDFORMS (/DEPOSITIONAL-LANDFORMS.HTML)

GeoSkills: Relief
Pearson Page 10

central
"An understanding of relief is 'Relief' to the study of landscapes and landforms. is the term

describe the shape of the land


geographers use to , including the height

techniques
and steepness. The main used by cartographers to show relief on topographic maps are

spot heights contour lines patterns layer


, and , and

colouring landform shading and ."

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9/17/2018 GeoSkills: Relief - Year 8 Geography

Topographic Map

Elements of a Topographic Map:


Spot Height: Shown on the map as a black dot with the height written next to it. Gives the exact height above sea level of a
particular location or feature.
Contour Lines: Joins points of equal height above sea level. Every point along the line has the same value.
Contour Pattern: The spacing of the contours (lines) on the map shows the steepness of slopes. Close together means that
area is steep, widely spaced lines indicate that area is very at. The space also represents the shape of the slope; when the
spacing reading from high to low decreases, the slope is convex (curved like a circle). When the spacing lines reading from
high to low increases, the slope is concave (curves in like a cave). 
Layer Colouring: Involves colouring the area between selected contours in different colours. When it is used in combination
with spot heights, and sometimes landform shading, layer contouring can tell you a good deal about the shape of the land.
Landform Shading: Colours can be used on maps, with colours darkening as elevation (height) increases (image below).
Aspect: Refers to the direction that a slope faces. The aspect of a particular slope can be determined by examining the height
and pattern of contour lines.

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9/17/2018 GeoSkills: Relief - Year 8 Geography

An example of Landform Shading. Pearson Page 64

For your information:

Pearson Page 11

Complete these questions in your work book:


1. De ne the term 'relief'
2. What are the elements of relief and brie y explain what they are used for
3. What does the spacing between contour lines tell us about relief?

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