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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 1
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 2
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION
Floaters, .... in 2012
RIG TYPES
Jack Up, .... in 2012 .... total > 400
SS 240 DS 160
Land rigs in 2012 .... total (approx) 485 units

total (approx) 3200 300 * in drilling mode


130 for WD > 350 ft

Land rig Platform Tender Jack-Up


Semi-sub. Semi-sub. Drillship
Barge rig moored DP mode
rig DP-mode

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 3
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

RIG TYPES

Onshore/Land rigs Offshore / bottom supported Offshore / floaters


Wheel/truck mounted Barges: 8 to 25 ft WD Semi-submersible
Special arctic Conventional moored
Standard/conventional rig Posted (up to 7650 ft WD)

Type Drilling depth range (ft) Dynamic positioning system


Submersible: 30 to 150 ft WD
(5000 to 12 000 ft WD)
Light 4000 - 8000 ft Jack-Up: 100 up to 500 ft WD Drillships
Medium 8000 - 12000 ft
Mat supported / Independent leg Conventional moored
Heavy 12000 - 16000 ft
Ultra – heavy 18000 - 25000 ft Dynamic positioning system
Platform Rig (5000 to 12 000 ft WD)
Self-contained (compact rig)
Tender supported (tender rigs)

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 4
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

RIG SIZES: POWER AND CAPABILITIES - some figures (approx)

Rig types derricks /mast drawworks total power drilling depths

LR Light (/ truck) < 300 000 lbs < 500 HP < 8 000 ft (w/ 3 ½ DP)

LR Medium duty < 600 000 lbs < 900 HP < 3000 HP < 12 000 ft (w/ 3 ½ DP)

LR Heavy duty < 1 000 000 lbs < 1500 HP < 4000 HP < 16 000 ft (w/ 5in DP)

LR Ultra H. duty < 1 300 000 lbs < 3000 HP < 5000 HP < 25 000 ft (w/ 5in DP)

Offshore (modern units) 1.3 to 2 MMlbs 2000 to 6600 HP > 8 000 HP 25 000 ft

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 5
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

Conventional land rig

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 6
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

Conventional land rig

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 7
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

Land rig in arctic zone

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 8
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

Land rig on “A-island”


Kazakhstan field

land rig; “winterized” option

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 9
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

Land rig in arctic


zone

Source / Illustrations: TOTAL

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 11
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

Drilling and well operations


on Kharyaga field (Russia)

Source: TOTAL EP Russie

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 12
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

Truck mounted
land rig

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 13
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

Drilling operations with heli-rig

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 16
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

RIG TYPES

Onshore/Land rigs Offshore / bottom supported Offshore / floaters


Wheel/truck mounted Barges: 8 to 25 ft WD Semi-submersible
Special arctic Conventional moored
Standard/conventional rig Posted (up to 7650 ft WD)

Type Drilling depth range (ft) Dynamic positioning system


Submersible: 30 to 150 ft WD
(5000 to 12 000 ft WD)
Light 4000 - 8000 ft Jack-Up: 100 up to 500 ft WD Drillships
Medium 8000 - 12000 ft
Mat supported / Independent leg Conventional moored
Heavy 12000 - 16000 ft
Ultra – heavy 18000 - 25000 ft Dynamic positioning system
Platform Rig (5000 to 12 000 ft WD)
Self-contained (compact rig)
Tender supported (tender rigs)

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 17
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

Inland water drill barge

Source: IADC – Drilling Contractor – “Axxis Drilling Co”

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 18
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

Drilling barge
(in a swamp area)

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 19
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

Drilling barge in a swamp area


East Kalimantan

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 21
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

Wellheads
(in a swamp area)

Source / Illustrations: TOTAL

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 22
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

Drilling barge
(for arctic conditions)

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 23
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

8.1.2000
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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 24
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

For operations with a Jack-Up ….


Some points to verify,

- spud cans, leg length vs seabed survey

- leg length vs water depth, height of wellhead platform

- cantilever extensions vs well bay on wellhead platform

- preloading procedures vs seabed survey, rig operating manual

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 25
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

Jack-UP (IC) Jack-UP (MS)


Cantilever type slotted type
Independent leg mat supported type

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 26
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

Jack-Up operation on
wellhead platform

Jack-Up (drilling unit)

Wellhead platform

Animation

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 27
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

Jack-Up (drilling unit)

Wellhead
platform

seabed

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 28
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 29
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

Characteristics of some “big” JU

In 2011 … 129 Jack Up for WD > 350 ft Some characteristics …


WD / leg Total VL Drawworks Drlg. Pumps BOP WP Diverter
JU Name Year power elevated Pattern Nb. & diameter
ft HP st HP ft x ft psi psi inches
Maersk Inspirer 2001 492 / 673 14 420 10 000 4 600 86 x 66 4 x 7500 15 000 49,5
Maersk Innovator 2003 492 / 673 14 420 10 000 4 600 86 x 66 4 x 7500 15 000 49,5

Rowan Gorilla VI 2000 450 / 607 16 975 12 462 5000 100 x 40 4 x 7500 15 000 28

Ensco 109 2008 400 / 486 12 250 7 980 4 600 70 x 30 3 x 7500 15 000 49,5
Noble Scott Marks 2009 400 / 548 17 750 5 000 4 600 75 x 30 3 x 7500 15 000

In 2011 …. 129 Jack-Up for WD > 350 ft

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 30
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

“Maersk Innovator”

“Maersk Inspiror”

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 31
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

Jack-Up operation on
wellhead platform

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 32
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 33
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

Typical (IC*) Jack-Up


over a WHP

* Independent leg / Cantilever

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 34
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION
Conventional Jack-Up
( stand alone operations)

Jack-Up towed over short distances

Jack-Up moved over long distances

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 35
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

Additional offshore operations


which can be performed with a
JU

Jack-Up

Topside

Jacket

36

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 36
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

“compact rig”
installed on a WP

Compact rig

Wellhead
platform

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 37
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

Wellhead platform drilling (assisted by a conventional “tender rig”)


Hoisting, safety
Rotary functions

“Derrick set”
Pumping, power
functions

Source/ Courtesy: Transocean

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 38
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

Wellhead platform drilling (assisted by a conventional “tender rig”)

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 39
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

Wellhead drilling platform

assisted by a “new deep-water


tender rig”

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 40
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

RIG TYPES

Onshore/Land rigs Offshore / bottom supported Offshore / floaters

Wheel/truck mounted Barges: 8 to 25 ft WD Semi-submersible


Special arctic Conventional moored
Standard/conventional rig Posted (up to 7650 ft WD)

Type Drilling depth range (ft) Dynamic positioning system


Submersible: 30 to 150 ft WD
(5000 to 12 000 ft WD)
Light 4000 - 8000 ft Jack-Up: 100 up to 500 ft WD Drillships
Medium 8000 - 12000 ft
Mat supported / Independent leg Conventional moored
Heavy 12000 - 16000 ft
Ultra – heavy 18000 - 25000 ft Dynamic positioning system
Platform Rig (5000 to 12 000 ft WD)
Self-contained (compact rig)
Tender supported (tender rigs)

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 41
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

For operations with a floater


Some points to verify,

- anchors type vs seabed survey

- riser design, floating elements vs water depth

- booster line vs water depth

- heave response curves vs meteo-oceano survey

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 43
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

DW floaters: Relative heave motion response vs. Wave period

Source: TOTAL Offshore Reference Book

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 44
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

OFFSHORE ENVIRONMENT WITH …. Drilling floating unit


(semi-submersible)

-- Action of winds,
Telescopic joint
-- Action of waves, Drilling riser

-- Action of currents Kill & choke


lines
Guide
Guidelines
lines
and,

-- impact of water depth,


Subsea BOP’s
wellhead
-- impact of seabed (formation) TGB & PGB Subsea wellhead

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 45
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

Tensioning
devices

Floater response to
wind, wave

Impact of
waves

Non-linear current
profile
Water
Depth
Drilling riser
(w/ buoyancy modules)

Flex-joint

Subsea
equipment
seabed

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 46
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION
WELL CONSTRUCTION: the basics

Rig move on location Semi-submersible

Running WH Flow line

Running BOP and riser msl


Drilling

Drillstring

WD Drilling riser

Sub sea BOP


Sub sea wellhead
Mud line = Sea bed

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 47
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

Conventional semi-submersible …. In operation

…. deballasted

In transit: “dry tow”

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 48
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

Semi-submersible
“Leiv-Eiriksson”

(in drilling
conditions)

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 49
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

SEMI SUBMERSIBLE “Aker Spitsbergen”


The new Aker H-6e is the world's
biggest and most advanced drilling
semi. It have features that make them
particularly well suited for drilling
under extreme conditions

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 50
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

DRILLSHIP * “PACIFIC SANTA ANNA”

* Drilling Contractor: Pacific Drilling


year built / delivered: 1Q 2012

The drillship owned by Pacific Drilling is thought to be the first of its kind in the world equipped to perform dual
gradient drilling (DGD).
DGD uses a subsea mud pump (Chevron design) to withdraw the drilling mud from the well at the seabed and return it
through a separate line to the drillship.
It is equipped with a DGD riser , a mud lift pump handling system, six mud pumps – three for drilling fluid and three for
seawater – extensive fluid management system enhancements .

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 51
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

DYNAMIC POSITIONING SYSTEM (DYPO)

A computer controlled system to automatically maintain a ship’s


position and heading by using its own thrusters (propellers).

(Thruster system: gives a thrust to counter the environment condition, so


that the drillship or the semi-sub. can be in desired position)

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 52
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

DYNAMIC
POSITIONING
SYSTEM

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 53
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION
Drillship (ultra deep
Drillship (ultra deep water) “DEEPWATER
DISCOVERY”
water) “SAIPEM 12000

Some sizes : 228 m x 42 m x 12 m


Total installed power 48 000 kW
“dual activities”

Source / illustration: Transocean

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 54
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

Rig SS « Polyarnaya Zvezda »

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 55
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

SEMI-SUB. vs. DRILLSHIPS . . . .


SS DS

- variable loads + + +

- transit/moving speed + + +

- stability + +

ANCHOR-MOORING vs DYPO . . . .

CONV. MOORING DYPO


- time for rig positionning - sensitive weather areas + + +

- fuel consumption +++

- field development +++

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 56
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

Driller’s “dog house”

Offshore new offshore unit

Rig onshore

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 57
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

Rig rental costs Operational daily costs


(approx.) (approx.)

Land rig 30 to 45 K$ / d 65 000 $/d


Drilling barge 45 to 100 K$ / d 130 000 $/d
Tender rig (conventional) 50 to 120 K$ / d 160 000 $/d
Jack-Up (300 ft) 100 to 250 K$ / d 170 to 425 000 $/d
Semi-submersible
(5000 < WD < 7500 ft) 200 to 250 K$ / d 380 to 475 000 $/d
Drillships
(5000 < WD < 7500 ft) 300 + K$ / d 570 000 $/d
( 7500 < WD < 10 000 ft) + / - 600 K$ /d 1 200 000 $/d

Figures vary with type of contract (short/long term), market conditions, geographical area....

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 58
RIG SIZING AND SELECTION

COST TO BUILD A NEW RIG (approx. in 2011 cost in million $)

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 59
Slides were prepared for presentation and information to Students of Schools and Universities only.

References

Slides presented were prepared with illustrations from the following referenced documents:

- API Standards and Recommended Practices,


- Neal J. Adams, Drilling Engineering , PennWell Books, Tulsa, Oklahoma, 1985,
- (Halliburton) - Petroleum Well Construction – J Willey & Sons
- Miscellaneous books from “Chambre Syndicale de la Recherche et de la Production du Pétrole et du gaz naturel”
- IFP Drilling data handbook
- Miscellaneous documentation from TOTAL Drilling Division
- Halliburton Completion Services
- Miscellaneous books from IFP
- Leading Edge Advantage Ltd (Under Balance Drilling).
- Miscellaneous documentation from web-sites: O&GJ, World Oil, SPE
- Transocean, Saipem, Pride Drilling Contractors
- Baker Hughes, Schlumberger, Weatherford, Wild Well Control Service Companies
- Cameron, Hydril, Companies.

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Presentation JB – AG – JCN – JR 60