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BUILDING MANAGEMENT SYSTEM FUNDAMENTALS

PEER COMMUNICATIONS PROTOCOL COMMUNICATIONS MEDIA


— Twisted copper pairs
— Fiber optic cable
— Common carrier telephone channels

Twisted pair copper conductors ranging from 16 to 24 gage ZONE-LEVEL CONTROLLER FUNCTIONS
are the most commonly used and the best economic choice as The primary function of the zone-level controller is to provide
the communications media for single building applications. direct digital control of unitary equipment. To support the
Bus lengths up to 4000 feet are common without use of resident DDC programs, the zone-level controller interfaces
extenders or repeaters. When repeaters are used, extensions up with sensors and actuators and performs the functions of point
to three or four times this distance are possible. Serial bus and processing as well as execution of the DDC programs
star wiring configurations (Fig. 2 and 3) permit efficient
wiring layouts. SYSTEM-LEVEL CONTROLLER
FUNCTIONS
System-level controllers provide increased processing
capability, higher I/O capacity, and more universal
application flexibility than zone-level controllers and have
greater standalone capability. System-level controllers
handle multiple DDC loops and the complex control
sequences associated with built-up air handling units and
other HVAC equipment. Other types of system-level
controllers monitor multiple zones of
fire alarm, security points, and/or lighting control. They
can also provide emergency evacuation control through
speakers and control personnel movement with access
control and card readers.