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10 Standard Form

Paper 1 9. 5 = 5 × 1
= 5 × 100
1. 135 Hence, n = 0
3 significant figures Answer: A
Answer: C
10. 0.1 = 1 × 10−1
2. 2007 1
4 significant figures Answer: D

Answer: D
11. 0.002 = 2 × 10−3
3. 0.045 123

Hence, n = −3
2 significant figures
Answer: D
Answer: B

4. 6000

1 significant figure
Answer: B
Paper 1
5. 42 = 40 (1 significant figure)
1. 0.052784 = 0.0528 (3 significant figures)
Answer: C
Answer: B

6. 26. = 2.6 × 101


1 2. 0.0000237
Answer: B 12345
= 2.37 × 10–5
7. 10. = 1.0 × 101 Answer: D
1
Answer: B 3. 5.0678 = 5.07 (3 significant figures)
Answer: A
8. 100. = 1.0 × 102
21
Answer: B 4. 6 3 2 1 . 7
3 2 1

= 6.3217 × 103
Answer: C

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  Mathematics SPM 
Chapter 10

465.2 × 10–4 11. 5.31 × 10−6 − 1.8 × 10−7


5.
10–6 = 5.31 × 10−6 − 0.18 × 101 × 10−7
4.652 × 102 × 10–4 = 5.31 × 10−6 − 0.18 × 10−6
=
10–6 = (5.31 − 0.18) × 10−6
= 4.652 × 102 + (–4) – (–6) = 5.13 × 10−6
= 4.652 × 104
Answer: A
Answer: B
12. 4.016 = 4.02 (3 significant figures)
6. 4.08 × 106 Answer: D
= 4 080 000
123 4 5 6
= 4 080 000
13. 0.00000086 = 8.6 × 10–7
Answer: B
Compare with p × 10n
Hence, p = 8.6 and n = –7
7. (5 – 1.056) ÷ 50 Answer: C
= 3.944 ÷ 50
= 0.07888
= 0.0789 (3 significant figures) 0.064
14.
Answer: D 1.6 × 108
6.4 × 10–2
=
1.6 × 108
8. Volume of water 6.4
= × 10–2 – 8
= 60 × 160 × 100 × 120 1.6
100 = 4 × 10–10­
= 1 152 000
= 1.152 × 106 cm3 Answer: A

Answer: D
15. Number of defective bulbs
9. Volume of rod 0.02
= 125.8 × 106 ×
22 100
= × 0.0052 × 7 = 125.8 × 106 × 0.02 × 10–2
7
= 0.00055 m3 = 2.516 × 104
Mass Answer: C
Density =
Volume
Mass of rod
7800 =
0.00055 16. 80 526 = 80 500 (3 significant figures)
Mass of rod = 7800 × 0.00055
Answer: A
= 4.29 kg
Number of solid spheres
4.29 17. 6.415 × 10−6
=
5 × 10­–3 = 0.000006415
= 8.58 × 102 654321
= 0.000006415
Answer: C
Answer: C

10. 0.0003007
1234
= 3.007 × 10−4
Answer: D

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 Mathematics SPM 
Chapter 10 

0.04 25. 0.0000036 − 1.5 × 10−7


18. –––––––––
8 000 000 = 3.6 × 10−6 − 0.15 × 101 × 10−7
40 × 10–3 = 3.6 × 10−6 − 0.15 × 10−6
= –––––––––
8 × 106 = (3.6 − 0.15) × 10−6
40 = 3.45 × 10−6
= ––– × 10−3 − 6
8
Answer: C
= 5 × 10−9
Answer: D 26. Number of the tiles required
4500 × 2700
= –––––––––––
30 × 30
5.2 × 10–8 = 13 500
19. –––––––––
0.0004 = 1.35 × 104
5.2 × 10–8
= ––––––––– Answer: A
4 × 10–4
5.2
= ––– × 10−8 − (–4)
4
= 1.3 × 10−4
Answer: C

20. 0.0062 − 4 × 10−6 Paper 1


= 6.2 × 10−3 − 0.004 × 103 × 10−6
1. 318 = 300 (1 significant figure)
= 6.2 × 10−3 − 0.004 × 10−3
= (6.2 − 0.004) × 10−3 Answer: C
= 6.196 × 10−3
Answer: A 2. 466 = 470 (2 significant figures)
Answer: A
21. 0.0648 = 0.065 (2 significant figures)
Answer: B 3. 1.5276 = 1.53 (3 significant figures)
Answer: A
22. Total volume of water in 40 cylindrical containers
22 4. 0.1064 = 0.11 (2 significant figures)
= 40 × × 1002 × 350
7
= 4.4 × 108 cm3 Answer: A

Volume of water in each cuboid container


5. 1.00764 = 1.008 (4 significant figures)
4.4 × 108
=
50 Answer: A
= 0.088 × 108
= 8.8 × 10–2 × 108 6. 200 765 = 200 800 (4 significant figures)
= 8.8 × 106 cm3
Answer: D
Answer: D
7. 21.048 = 21.0 (3 significant figures)
23. 60 781 = 60 800 (3 significant figures)
Answer: B
Answer: D
0.6852
8. ––––––
24. 825 000 = 8.25 × 105 0.043
= 10 706.25
5 4 321
= 10 710 (4 significant figures)
Answer: D
Answer: A

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  Mathematics SPM 
Chapter 10

9. RM84 695 = RM85 000 (2 significant figures) 18. 0.000024 + 1.53 × 10−5
= 2.4 × 10−5 + 1.53 × 10−5
Answer: D
= (2.4 + 1.53) × 10−5
= 3.93 × 10−5
10. 943 560 = 944 000 (3 significant figures)
Answer: C
Answer: D
44 000
19. –––––––
11. Breadth of the rectangle 2 × 1010
336 4.4 × 104
= –––––––––
= –––––
20.5 2 × 1010
= 16.3902 4.4 × 104 − 10
= –––
= 16.4 (3 significant figures) 2
= 2.2 × 10−6
Answer: A
Answer: B
12. Amount received by each person
24 000
20. ––––––––
2.56 × 106
= ––––––––– 6 × 10–5
10
= 256 000 24 × 103
= ––––––––
= 260 000 (2 significant figures) 6 × 10–5
24 × 103 − (−5)
= –––
Answer: D 6
= 4 × 108
13. 2730 = 2.73 × 103 Answer: C
321
Answer: C 85 000
21. –––––––––
(2 × 105)2
8.5 × 104
= –––––––––
14. 0.0834 = 8.34 × 10−2
22 × 105 × 2
12
8.5 × 104
= –––––––––
Answer: B 4 × 1010
8.5
= –––– × 104 − 10
15. 2.7 × 106 + 590 000 4
= 2.7 × 106 + 0.59 × 106 = 2.125 × 10−6
= (2.7 + 0.59) × 106 Answer: A
= 3.29 × 106
Answer: C 0.0064
22. –––––––––
(4 × 10–6)2
64 × 10–4
= ––––––––––
16. 780 000 − 7.8 × 104
42 × 10–6 × 2
= 7.8 × 105 − 0.78 × 101 × 104
64 × 10–4
= –––––––––
= 7.8 × 105 − 0.78 × 105 16 × 10–12
= (7.8 − 0.78) × 105 64 × 10−4 − (−12)
= 7.02 × 105 = –––
16
Answer: B = 4 × 108
Answer: B
17. 8.5 × 10−4 − 2.32 × 10−5
= 8.5 × 10−4 − 0.232 × 101 × 10−5 23. 8.4 × 109 − 6.2 × 108
= 8.5 × 10−4 − 0.232 × 10−4 = 8.4 × 109 − 0.62 × 101 × 108
= (8.5 − 0.232) × 10−4 = 8.4 × 109 − 0.62 × 109
= 8.268 × 10−4 = (8.4 − 0.62) × 109
Answer: A = 7.78 × 109
Answer: D

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 Mathematics SPM 
Chapter 10 

24. 8.2 × 10−6 + 7.0 × 10−8 28.


= 8.2 × 10−6 + 0.07 × 102 × 10−8
= 8.2 × 10−6 + 0.07 × 10−6
= (8.2 + 0.07) × 10−6 0.62 m
= 8.27 × 10−6
0.9 m
Answer: D
Area of the triangle
25. Area of the rectangle PQRS 1 × (0.9 × 103) × (0.62 × 103)
= 2.5 × 102 × 1.2 × 102 =—
2
= 3 × 104 cm2 = 2.79 × 105 mm2
Answer: C Answer: D

26. Distance travelled 29. Area of land that each person gets
15
= 660 × 103 × ––– 5 × 104 m2
60 = –––––––
8
= 165 000 = 6.25 × 103 m2
= 1.65 × 105 m
Answer: D
Answer: C

27. Mass of 100 atoms


= 6.02 × 10−29 × 103 × 102
= 6.02 × 10−29 + 3 + 2
= 6.02 × 10−24
Answer: B

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