You are on page 1of 46

Table of Contents

Bible Study Guides for the New Testament 4

A Study on the Book of I Peter 11

Chapter 1
Faith For Salvation and Holiness 13

Chapter 2
Life on the Foundation of Jesus Christ 19

Chapter 3
Duties of Husbands and Wives 22

Duties of Believers 23

Three Days in the Belly of the Earth 23

Chapter 4
Peter Exhorts Believers 29

The Suffering Church 32

Chapter 5
Exhortation of Shepherds (Elders) 34

Exhortation of the Sheep 36

Questions on 1 Peter 39

Links to Other Books Available 43

Bible Study Guides for the New Testament 44


Bible Study Guides for the New Testament

Writing a book was not on my mind when this effort was initiated some

years ago. In fact, it began when a member of my Sunday School class

commented that his son had talked about committing suicide the previous

week. As a result, I felt an urge to see what the Bible had to say about hope,

with a view toward helping his son cope with his suicidal feelings. The result

of that effort was an article entitled: “Hope and the Miraculous Three Pound

Computer,” located in Chapter 6 of the book After the Big Bang. My next

writing endeavor was a fallout from a Sunday School class discussion about

temptations, or trials, and their purpose in our lives. An article entitled “The

Trials of Job” located in Chapter 7 of the same book resulted from that effort.

After this I began to feel a prodding from the Lord to continue studying and

writing. The chapters in this book document what I subsequently learned

about two of God’s greatest and most marvelous creations: earth and mankind,

who He made to exercise dominion over it.

Some of the material presented in these New Testament Bible Study Guides

conflicts with commonly held viewpoints, and differs as well on the definitions

A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 4

of some words used to explicate them. One thing I have learned through this

effort is that the meaning of many of the words used in the Bible is not

uniformly agreed to by expositors, and in many cases, not agreed to by the

various versions of the Bible. For example, in the KJV of the old testament

(OT), the word “soul” is used over 780 times. Vine’s Complete Expository

Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words notes that in over 400 of these

uses, the Hebrew word used is misinterpreted. I mention this not to heap

criticism on the KJV, for it is my personal Bible, and I love it dearly, but to

point out the importance of consulting Hebrew and Greek sources, and good

conservative lexicons, when trying to understand difficult scripture. The

meaning of some words is not absolutely clear even then. Nevertheless, this is

the process I have followed in this effort.

I am a retired engineer: my education and work experience sparked a great

interest in details. I found that to understand the technical difficulties and

problems that arise in the operation of complex machines, a good

understanding of the details of the design is absolutely necessary. What is

presented herein is an analysis of important details in God’s creation of the

earth and man: his habitat and milieu. However, no description is completely

A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 5

adequate to portray the unbelievable complexity and efficacy of tripartite man.

Scientists and engineers have tried to duplicate the various subsystems in

God’s design of man for years, with limited success. Part of the problem is that

we do not understand many of the operational details, but the greatest

impediment is probably the fact that man is composed of three parts: spirit,

soul, and body, two of which (spirit and soul) are immaterial, and are thus

largely beyond the scope of scientific and medical analysis. The third part, the

highly complex body, is strongly influenced by these two immaterial parts.

God has given mankind a great challenge in trying to understand tripartite

man. What better model could we find for our study than our Lord and Savior

Jesus Christ: spirit, soul and body in perfect relationship. When Jesus came to

earth He emptied Himself, and was formed in the likeness and fashion of a

man. Like us, He was a tripartite being, but without a sin nature. Thus, He

was the perfect man, the ideal for all to emulate.

I read a book several years ago by Watchman Nee in which he made the

observation that one of the primary ways God speaks to us is through our

intuition. After that I began to try to follow the guidance I received in this

manner, and what is presented herein is largely a result of that attempt. I

A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 6

hasten to add that all readers will not agree with my conclusions. I have

learned much about God’s creation, and His design of man through this effort:

that may be the primary purpose He had in mind. My hope is that readers will

find new ideas in these words that drive them to the absolute authority: God’s

Word - the Bible.

As references I have used the King James Version (KJV), the New

International Version (NIV), the New Living Translation (NLT), the Revised

Version (RV), and Recovery Versions of the bible, as well as the Interlinear

NIV Hebrew - English Old Testament (OT), and the Interlinear Greek -

English New Testament (GNT). I have also used Vine’s Complete Expository

Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words, Vincent’s Word Studies in the

New Testament, Moulton’s Analytical Greek Lexicon, the Brown-Driver-Briggs

Hebrew and English Lexicon, and Webster’s New World Dictionary for word

interpretation. Unless otherwise noted, scripture passages quoted are from the


The John A. Dickson New Analytical Bible and Dictionary, Authorized

King James Version, Chicago 1950, was a primary reference source. This Bible

was given to my wife and I in 1957, and is one of my dearest treasures. It has

A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 7

been rebound once, and is in need of a repair job at the present time. Thus,

the reader can appreciate the usage it has had over these 62 years, most of

which has been during the last 25 years. The book introductions have been

generally quoted from this source, with changes (mostly grammatical) made

only when considered necessary.

Finally, I want to recognize the lady that takes everything I have written,

and makes the necessary changes for placing it on the internet. Ms. Sandra

Crosnoe is the daughter of two of my, and my deceased wife’s, dearest friends,

Ted and Jimmie Crosnoe (also deceased). When God moved us (my wife and

I), to a Methodist Church in Pasadena, Texas, in 1962, Ted, Jimmie, and their

two daughters were among the group of several families in the church that

were touched by God in a mighty way that led to a weekly Bible study, that

resulted in many changed lives. As the years passed by, and the families went in

different directions, we were not able to maintain the close relationship we had

in Pasadena. We settled in Lubbock, Texas, in 1982, and I got the call to start

writing on the Bible. Sometime after that Sandra was in Lubbock and we got

together for dinner. When she learned of my involvement in writing on the

Bible she immediately volunteered to help in making it available by publishing

A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 8

it on the internet. She may not have known what she was getting into, for God

has not ceased from giving me Bible subjects to study and write about. This

series on the New Testament has been our greatest undertaking, and Sandra’s

help (as always) has been essential. She has corrected my grammar, argued with

me on interpretation, prepared the pictorial cover pages, and generally

polished the appearance of the various books in ways that I could never have

accomplished on my own. Without her help, this (and other) documents

would never have been made available to the general public. I do so appreciate

all her work. I believe Ted and Jimmie will give her a “well done” when she

joins them in heaven. Her personal website is Finding Gems and Sharing


These bible study guides are available at no charge to read, print, download

and share on a platform called Scribd (no membership is required to read/

download). They are all listed and linked as a group in Bible Study Guides by

Jesse C. Jones on Scribd. Upon completion, most of them will contain study

questions in the Appendix. Other works available are listed and linked with

Books for Believers and Seekers. If you hit a pop-up page on Scribd asking you

to become a member to read free, simply click the ‘x’ in the upper right corner

A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 9

to remove the pop-up and continue to our links on Scribd. My personal

website is Revealed by Fire - Jesse's Studies if you wish to see my latest articles

and updates.

It is my sincere hope that these works will guide you to a personal ongoing

relationship with Jesus and a life led and anointed by the Holy Spirit.


A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 10


A Study on the Book of I Peter

Those that spend any time reading and studying the Bible are all very

familiar with the Apostle Peter. Of the twelve disciples, his aggressive and

impulsive nature got him into trouble more than once, but on the other hand,

they also made him one to be admired. He was the chief figure early in the

Christian movement, when Jerusalem was the center of activity, and he was

first to respond when Jesus asked the disciples, “But who say ye that I am?”

Peter immediately answered, “Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living

God,” (Matthew 16:15-18). In verse 18 Jesus said, “. . .thou art Peter . . .”. I

believe Jesus was prophesying here that the church (His body), would be

comprised of those believers who recognized and confessed that He was the

Son of God. But there was an additional meaning to the prophecy in that the

Catholic church does in fact recognize Peter (the rock) as their first and

founding leader (Pope). Thus, Peter was the unquestioned leader during early

days in the establishment of the church. Later, Paul became the leading figure,

when the focus of activity was moved to Antioch. Peter is not mentioned in

A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 11

the book of Acts after the Council of Jerusalem in 50 AD. This change in

leadership came after Peter’s visit to Antioch, where Paul confronted him

about his continued ambivalence about new converts compliance with OT

Jewish laws, such as circumcision. This was finally resolved when the Jerusalem

council issued their decision, described in Acts 15:28-29.

The date of this Epistle is uncertain, but it probably was written after 63

AD, near the start of persecution by Nero. It was written to strengthen and

encourage Christians in Asia Minor during the fiery trials they faced.

A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 12

Chapter 1

Faith For Salvation and Holiness

Peter wrote this letter to the elect who were scattered in many places

throughout Asia Minor, or modern Turkey. These were churches that had been

primarily established through Paul’s ministry, so Peter introduces himself as an

apostle of Jesus Christ. These were believers into Jesus Christ, who had been

elected (chosen by God) to salvation through sanctification (2 Thessalonians

2:13). John MacAuthor’s Study Bible says that use of the word “foreknowledge”

here, refers to a predetermined relationship in the knowledge of God: He

brought the salvation relationship into existence by decreeing it ahead of time.

Moulton’s Analytical Greek Lexicon also defines this word as, “to determine

beforehand, to fore-ordain.” Charles Hodge, in his “Systematic Theology,”

states that the difference between foreknowledge and foreordination is that

foreknowledge assumes only the certainty of future events, whereas

foreordination (predestination) means that God commits Himself to insure

that the event will come about. The result is the same in either case: the

certainty of occurrence is assured. The new testament (NT) actually uses these

two words to convey the same meaning. In Acts 2:23, the word

A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 13

“foreknowledge,” is combined with the phrase “determinate counsel,” to

describe the crucifixion of Christ; thus, conveying the meaning of

“foreordination.” In 1 Peter 1:20, the identical Greek word is interpreted

“foreknown” in the Greek New Testament (GNT), and “foreordained” in the

King James Version (KJV). The context in this passage of scripture makes it

clear that Christ was “foreordained” to this end, and that it was “foreknown”

before the foundation of the world that He would come to earth to shed His

blood for the forgiveness of sin. 1 Peter 1:6-7 describes how the testing of our

faith, which is much more precious than gold, might be found unto praise,

honor, and glory at the appearing of Jesus Christ. Verse 9 adds, “Receiving the

end of your faith, even the salvation of your souls.”

The many scriptures in the Bible concerning faith do not describe different

types of faith, but instead describe different levels, or measures, of faith.

Hebrews 4:2 speaks about the need to mix the Word of God with (saving) faith

to receive salvation. This is the level of faith necessary to receive salvation.

This is the level of faith God gives those that will become believers, to draw

them into a personal relationship with Jesus Christ. After a believer receives

the Holy Spirit the process of increasing, or growing, this initial (saving) faith

begins. This occurs as we hear God speak to us in many ways (including

A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 14

intuition), act on His guidance, and see it bear fruit. As babes in Christ the

flow of faith within us will probably not be strong, but it will increase as we

respond positively to the tests and trials God uses to sanctify (make us holy),

and conform us to the image of His Son, Jesus Christ. When we pass the first

“faith” test we are then ready for the next, which may probably be more

difficult. As babes in Christ there will be considerable resistance to these early

tests from previously learned (worldly) responses; hard places within our

hearts; and strongholds developed over years of bad habits and/or real and

imagined wrongs, hurts, and mistreatment. Only weapons provided by God

are able to pull down these strongholds (2 Corinthians 10:4-5). His weapons

are made effectual through the power of faith that breaks down these

impediments, and increases our trust and confidence (belief) in God. As our

trust and confidence in God increases, our capacity to believe for even greater

things grows: the impediments to the flow of faith diminish, and we become

more like Christ. It is the magnitude of our faith (persuasion) that leads to


When God uses us to manifest one (or more) of His spiritual gifts, He gives

us the necessary level (measure) of faith to use the gift for the benefit of those

in the body of Christ (the church). The level of faith operational in our lives

A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 15

can be great, such as that in the lives of such men as Rees Howells and Smith

Wigglesworth, who saw people raised from the dead, and healed from

incurable diseases. But the level of commitment on their part sometimes

required putting their own life in jeopardy. Oswald Chamber’s daily

meditation on Hebrews 11:6 says, “Faith must be tested and tried before it

becomes real in your life . . . so that no matter what happens, the transforming

power of God’s providence transforms perfect faith into reality. Faith is the

entire person in right relationship with God through the power of the Spirit of

Jesus Christ.” We must grow the “saving faith” that God gives us by boldly

acting on the guidance we receive from the Holy Spirit. “That the trial of your

faith, being much more precious than gold that perisheth, though it be tried with fire,

might be found unto praise and honor and glory at the appearing of Christ.” (1 Peter

1:7 ).

Hebrews 1:9-13 refers to Jesus being the author and finisher of our faith. He

starts this process when we are drawn to the Son by the Father bringing us to

the place where we can receive the Word and mix it with saving faith (John

6:44). After we receive salvation, Jesus begins to guide us through the Holy

Spirit and we begin to mature in the sanctification process. As we fail to follow

God’s will, Christ takes action from His position at the Father’s right hand to

A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 16

intervene, and provide tests that tend to put us back on the right path. He

also insures that our misstep does not negate our reconciliation with the

Father, and does everything needed to insure that we receive the end of our

faith: the salvation of our souls, and eternal life. The prophets of the old

testament (OT) wondered about this salvation as the Holy Spirit that was in

them testified about the sufferings of Christ and His subsequent glory. For our

benefit they testified through preaching and the written Word. Angels desired

to understand and participate in these things, but they could only contemplate

the work of salvation from the outside, as spectators and not as participants.

The remaining verses of this chapter encourage believers to be holy, because

He that is in you, and He that you are within, is holy. The only way this can be

achieved is for us to actively participate in the sanctification of our bodies, i.e.

we let Christ through the Holy Spirit have total control and direction of our

lives. He is the potter, we are the clay. As Oswald Chambers says, the only

thing we can give Jesus Christ is our right to ourselves, and if we do this he will

make a holy experiment of us - and his experiments always succeed. Hebrews

1:17 adds that we should pass the time of our sojourning here on earth with

reverential fear of God the Father. We were not redeemed through anything

A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 17

we did, but through the precious blood of Christ, a lamb without blemish nor


Peter closes Chapter 1 by reminding us that if we that if we are believers we

will love the brethren with unfeigned (agape) love through the Spirit. This is

love that suffereth long, envieth not, is not puffed up, does not behave itself

unseemly, seeketh not its own, is not easily provoked, takes no account of evil,

does not rejoice in iniquity but rejoices in the truth, bears all things, believes

all things, and endures all things. In short, this is love that only comes from

the Holy Spirit within us.

A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 18

Chapter 2

Life on the Foundation of Jesus Christ

1 Peter 2:1-3 reminds us that we need to be as newborn babes, desiring

spiritual milk of the Word, that we can grow into the image of Christ. The

Revised Version (RV) gives this as, “Long for the spiritual milk which is

without guile.” The reference to “babes” is somewhat confusing, for in other

NT uses of this word it refers to those that are new in Christ. It may be that

Peter was directing this letter to believers that had not yet matured, for in

verse 3 he adds, “If indeed ye did taste that the Lord is good” (GNT), which

implies that there were (possibly) some that had not (in reality) been born into

Jesus Christ, and joined Him in His death and resurrection. However, note the

use of the word “as” in verse 2.

1 Peter 2:4-8 refers to Christ as the living stone and chief corner stone,

elect, and precious. Jesus is described in this way many times in the Word.

Possibly the first time is in Daniel’s interpretation of Nebuchadnezzar’s dream,

where he describes Jesus as the stone cut out of the mountain without hands.

Jesus Christ is a stone of stumbling to many in this world, but to believers He

A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 19

is our foundation stone, the One upon whom we build that mortal abode in

heaven, which we will reside in for eternity. 1 Peter 2:8 says, “And a stone of

stumbling, and a rock of offense, even to them which stumble at the word, being

disobedient: whereunto they were appointed.” This verse quotes Isaiah 8:14 which

says: “And He shall be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and a rock of offense

to both houses of Israel, for a gin (net) and a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem.” In

commenting on this verse John MacArthur says that the meaning is that they

were appointed to doom because of their unbelief. 1 Peter 2:9 goes on to point

out that they (the ones referred to in verse 7), are a chosen generation, a royal

priesthood, a holy nation, and a peculiar people, for God’s own possession.

Since this is in direct contrast to the ones that stumble in verse 8, it seems that

Peter is comparing the two groups: the ones that stumble, to the ones that are

a chosen generation (called out of darkness into his marvelous light), in verse 9.

1 Peter 2:11-25 discusses the manner in which this chosen generation should

live. They should:

1. Abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul. Give Satan an inch
and he will take a mile.
2. Be honest and noble among unbelievers, even though they may speak evil of
you that they may see your good works and glorify God.
3. Submit to the ordinances of man, for this is the will of God that you may
put to silence the ignorance of foolish men.
4. Do not use your liberty as a cloak of wickedness, but as a servant of God.

A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 20

5. Honor all men, love the brothers, fear God, and honor the leader of your
6. Be subject to your employers with all respect, and not to just the good and
gentle, but to the perverse as well. If you are disciplined for your faults and
you take it with patience, what glory is there in that; but if you are
disciplined unfairly, and you take it patiently, this is acceptable to God.
Jesus, who died for our sins but was without sin Himself, is our model.
When He was reviled He reviled not again; when He suffered He
threatened not, but He committed Himself to God who judges righteously.

A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 21

Chapter 3

Duties of Husbands and Wives

1 Peter 3:1-7 discuss the duties of believing husbands and wives. Wives are

to be subject to their husbands. It may be that their chaste behavior, and meek

and quiet spirit will win unbelieving husbands to the Lord. 1 Corinthians 7:14

says that the unbelieving husband is sanctified by the wife, and the unbelieving

wife is sanctified by the husband. Verses 3 and 4 add that it is not outer

adorning that will win the unbelieving mate, but the “hidden man of the

heart, ...even the ornament of a meek and quiet spirit, which is in the sight of God of

great price.” This refers to the fact that it is the human spirit that works in man

to sanctify the heart. Thus, an incorruptible heart is the ornament of a meek

and quiet spirit: one that has been “quickened” by the Holy Spirit. 1 Peter 3:6

advises the Christian wife not to fear being submissive to her unsaved husband,

but to trust God and resist any coercion to sin or be disobedient to God’s

Word. Husbands should treat their wives with understanding by being

sensitive to the wife’s needs, fears, and feelings. She is the weaker vessel, and

she needs the protection and cover of the husband. If these duties seem

onerous God has given husbands a reminder of their importance by adding

A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 22

that the husband must not be negligent or his prayers will be hindered (cut


Duties of Believers

1 Peter 3:8-17 once again reminds believers to:

1. Be of one mind and have compassion toward each other. Love the
brethren, and be tenderhearted and humble-minded.
2. Do not render evil for evil, railing for railing, but respond with praise and
3. Refrain from speaking evil and be without guile (cunning). Turn away from
evil, do good and seek peace with all men, for the eyes of the Lord are on
the righteous and His ears are open to their prayers, but the face of the
Lord is against them that do evil.
4. Suffer for righteousness sake and you should be happy; for it is better if you
suffer for well doing, than for evil doing.
5. Let God’s wisdom and holiness sanctify your hearts, and be ready at all
times to testify of the hope that is within you with meekness and fear.
6. Have a good conscience so that when others speak evil of you they may be
ashamed to falsely accuse your honorable manner of life.

Three Days in the Belly of the Earth

1 Peter 3:18-22 introduces a subject that is often questioned and

misunderstood by Christians: Peter’s description of what Jesus was doing

between the time of His death, until he arose to take His seat at the right hand

of God. Even among leading expositors of God’s Word I cannot find any clear

A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 23

consensus as to exactly what happened during this period of time. Verse 18

says that Jesus was put to death in the flesh, but quickened (made alive) by the

Holy Spirit. Several scriptures refer to the fact that God made man’s spirit:

Ecclesiastes 12:7 and Zechariah 12:1 indicate that God “gave” and “formed”

man’s spirit. Our spirit identifies who we really are, for God is a spirit (John

4:24), and we are made in the image of God. Psalm 139:13 in the New

International Version (NIV) says, “For you created my inmost being; you knit me

together in my mother’s womb.” I believe the phrase “my inmost being” refers to

our human spirit, for we know that our being is really our spirit that resides in

the abode (body) that God forms in the womb, and returns to God at the

death of the body (Job 34:14; Ecclesiastes 3:21, 12:7; Acts 7:59). We know that

Jesus’ human spirit departed from his body at His death on the cross for

Matthew 27:50 GNT says, “Jesus, when he had cried again with a loud voice, yielded

up his spirit.” But Matthew 27:46 says that Jesus cried out, “My God, My God,

why hast thou forsaken me?” which seems to imply departure of the Holy Spirit. I

believe that any confusion about this can be explained by the fact that Jesus’

human spirit and the Holy Spirit were one, as described in 1 Corinthians 6:17:

His human spirit was “one” with the Holy Spirit.

A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 24

Shortly thereafter He was empowered (quickened) spiritually by the Holy

Spirit to go and preach to the “spirits in prison.” Ephesians 4:8-9 GNT helps in

understanding where these spirits are located, for it says,“. . . Having ascended up

on high he led captivity captive . . . But that he ascended, what is it but that also he

descended first into the lower parts of the earth?” Jesus also said in Matthew 12:40

that just as Jonah was in the belly of the whale three days and three nights He

would be in the heart of the earth three days and three nights. Acts 2:27 also

says, “Because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell [Hades], neither wilt thou suffer thine

Holy One to see corruption.” There seems to be little doubt that Jesus (in spirit),

was in the abyss, the pit, Hades, or hell from soon after He died on the cross

until very early on Easter morning. We also know that He encountered Satan’s

principalities and powers while He was there, for He made a show of them

openly, triumphing over them in His victory over sin and death on the cross

(Colossians 2:15). Speaking of Jesus, Hebrews 2:14 says, “. . . through death he

might destroy him that had the power of death, that is, the devil.” Thus, we know that

Satan had the power over death until Jesus took it away from him when He

descended into hell. Also, when God allowed Satan to come against Job, He

told Satan that he could not kill him. Later, when John saw Christ in

Revelation 1:18, He had the keys of hell and death, thus, we conclude that Jesus

A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 25

took these keys (and the authority they represented) from Satan at their

encounter in hell, following Jesus’ death on the cross. Jesus had to suffer death

in order to take this authority from Satan, and He had to take this authority

from Satan to deliver them who through fear of death were subject to bondage

all their lifetime. Before this time Satan had dominion in the realm of death

through the existence and power of the fear of death as the penalty for sin. By

joining Jesus’ in His death and resurrection believers are freed from the power

of sin, and thus from the power (or fear) of death.

I believe Jesus had another purpose in this encounter with Satan in hell. We

know that all sin ultimately ends up with Satan in hell, and later in the lake of

fire and brimstone. No sin can come into the presence of God: one of the

definitions of sin is separation from God so this would be somewhat of an

oxymoron. In the OT the scapegoat carried the sins of the Israelites into the

wilderness (a place often likened to hell). Jesus was the believer’s “scapegoat”,

and I believe He carried that vile load of carrion and dumped it at Satan’s

doorstep. What more appropriate place for such a filthy load of trash?

We need to address another related controversial issue from Ephesians 4:8,

who is Paul referring to when he uses the phrase, “He led captivity captive”?

Although most expositors seem to hold the belief that the captives referred to

A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 26

here are Christ’s enemies, including Satan, demons, unbelievers in hell, etc., I

believe the captives are more likely the saints from the OT, who were in

Abraham’s Bosom, a part of hell that was separated from hell proper by a great

gulf (Luke 16:26). Comments on this verse from the Recovery Version of the

NT say “This refers to the redeemed saints, who were taken captive by Satan

before being saved by Christ’s death and resurrection. In His ascension Christ

led them captive, that is, He rescued them from Satan’s captivity and took

them to Himself.” This interpretation gives a plausible explanation for

Matthew 27:52-53, which records the fact that after Jesus’ death graves were

opened and many bodies of the saints that slept arose, came out of the graves,

went into Jerusalem and were seen by many. The spirit/souls of OT saints were

captives of Satan in Abraham’s Bosom as opposed to being in heaven with

saints of the new covenant since they had not yet “received the promises, but

having seen them afar off, and were persuaded of them, and embraced them, and confessed

that they were strangers and pilgrims on the earth” (Hebrews 11:13). Jesus released

these OT saint spirit/souls from their captivity, and resurrected their immortal

bodies in the same manner that He will rapture/resurrect the new covenant

believers when He comes in the clouds. This body of OT saints represent the

firstfruits that Paul calls holy in Romans 11:16: they are the first of many that

A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 27

Jesus will present to the Father as fruits of His labor. As an added argument

for this interpretation, Moulton’s Analytical Greek Lexicon gives the definition

of the Greek word interpreted “captive” in Ephesians 4:8, as “to captivate,

metaphorically.” I cannot think of a better way to describe the exchange

between Jesus and those held captive in Abraham’s Bosom: they were

undoubtedly “captivated” by the appearance of the redeemer they had so long

looked forward to seeing.

In 1 Peter 3:20-21 Peter draws an analogy between those that were saved in

the ark and our salvation by the blood of Jesus Christ, washing away the guilt

of our evil conscience, and washing our bodies with the pure water of the Word

(Hebrews 10:22).

A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 28

Chapter 4

Peter Exhorts Believers

Peter begins this chapter by reminding believers of Christ’s suffering for us.

He tells us that if we have the mind of Christ we will reckon our sin nature

dead with Him on the cross. Believers should be like Jesus, who suffered in the

flesh, that He might become the sinless sacrificial Lamb of God. Believers

should “arm” themselves with the same mind that Jesus had. The mind of Jesus

was perfectly sanctified (renewed), He withstood every temptation (test) that

God allowed Satan to bring, and in every case He acted in accordance with

God’s will. You may argue that Jesus’ mind was perfect from birth, but several

scriptures allude to the fact that He was perfected by suffering (Hebrews 2:10,

5:9, Luke 24:46). It would be hard to argue that it is not the trials that we

endure that cause us to grow in Christ: when we are in difficulties and suffering

we tend to turn to someone that can help us, and for severe difficulties the One

that can alleviate suffering is God. We should no longer be slaves to the lusts

of men, but instead should listen to the Holy Spirit within, and do the will of


A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 29

Our sin nature caused us to live in the flesh through lasciviousness, lusts of

the eyes and flesh, excessive drinking, wild partying, and abominable

attractions and lifestyle. If we have the mind of Christ our old worldly

“friends” may wonder why we no longer join them in their reveling; they may

even speak evil of us as a result. They will be judged, just as those that have

turned away from the world and have become citizens of the kingdom of God;

but they will be judged for sin, whereas believers will be judged for the works

of God done in their bodies (1 Corinthians 3:13).

Peter, like most of the NT writers, thought that the end of time was at

hand. This is understandable, since they were not aware that God pushed the

pause button and inserted the “church age” after Jesus was crucified: they

assumed that Daniel’s seventy weeks prophecy (Daniel 9:24-27), would be

completed in 490 years, and by their reckoning that was imminent. Thus,

Peter advised his readers to be of sound mind, and diligent in prayer, and above

all things to nurture fervent (agape) love among themselves, for such love

covers a multitude of sins. Gifts, ministries, and operations of the Holy Spirit

should be manifested within the body: prophets should speak as the oracles of

God, and ministers should minister in such a way as to glorify God through

Jesus Christ.

A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 30

1 Peter 4:6 brings up an interesting point: it is important that our

shortcomings be judged and corrected while we are still in the flesh, for when

we die that will be the end of our opportunity for correction. This reminds us

of 1 Corinthians 3:13-15, which says that every man’s work will be revealed by

God’s refining fire: if it survives we will receive a reward, if it is burned we will

suffer loss. This refers to the work Christ does via the Holy Spirit in our vessel

(body), and our vessel is of limited usefulness as long as it is constantly needing

correction for fleshly cracks, chips, and leaks. 1 Peter 4:12-19 continues this

theme of the fiery trial that believers must endure. We should look on these

trials as making us partakers of Jesus’ sufferings. And if we are reproached for

our witness for Christ, we should be happy, for the glory of God rests on us

when we are wrongfully criticized, and we do not respond in kind. We should

commit the keeping of our souls in well doing to our faithful Creator.

A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 31

The Suffering Church

Peter concludes Chapter 4 by discussing the suffering that is sure to come

to those that live like Christ. We should not be surprised by the fiery trials

that come to prove us, but instead we should rejoice, inasmuch as we are

partakers of Christ’s suffering, for when His glory is revealed we will be glad

with exceeding joy. In commenting on verse 19 in his book “My Utmost of His

Highest,” Oswald Chambers says, “To choose to suffer means there is

something wrong; to choose God’s will even if it means suffering is a very

different thing. Notice God’s unutterable waste of saints, according to the

judgment of the world. God plants His saints in the most useless places. We

say - God intends me to be here because I am so useful. God never estimated

His life along the line of greatest use. God plants His saints where they will

glorify Him, and we are no judges, at all, of where that is.”

Another scripture that Oswald Chambers refers to in regard to suffering is

Colossians 1:24, “Who now rejoice in my sufferings for you, and fill up that which is

behind of the afflictions of Christ in my flesh for his body‘s sake, which is the church.” In

commenting on this verse he says, “We make calls out of our own spiritual

consecration, but when we get right with God He brushes all these aside, and

A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 32

rivets us with a pain that is terrific to one thing we never dreamed of, and for

one radiant flashing moment we see what He is after, and we say - ‘Here am I,

send me.’ This call has nothing to do with personal sanctification, but with

being made broken bread and poured-out wine. God can never make us wine if

we object to the fingers He uses to crush us with. If God would only use His

own fingers, and make me broken bread and poured-out wine in a special way!

But when He uses someone we dislike, or some set of circumstances to which

we would never submit, and makes those the crushers, we object. . . I wonder

what kind of finger and thumb God has been using to squeeze you, and you

have been like a marble and escaped? You are not ripe yet, and if God had

squeezed you, the wine would have been remarkably bitter.” For God to use us

in this way we must place ourselves totally in His hands: we are the clay, He is

the potter, and the potter has the right to “squeeze” the clay into whatever

form He needs to “fill up” some affliction that only He understands.

A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 33

Chapter 5

Exhortation of Shepherds (Elders)

1 Peter 5:1-4 is Peter’s exhortation to the elders of the body of Christ, those

that provide leadership for the flock. He urges them to take on leadership

positions willingly, not out of compulsion or constraint, but with anticipation

and zeal. They are not to take on a leadership position out of personal greed,

or lust for power, but with a ready mind, anxious to serve in the capacity

required. We see in Peter’s words here how the church was intended to

function: voluntary unpaid service from mature Christians in the body

responding to the needs of the body by manifestation of the various gifts,

ministries, and operations of the Holy Spirit. Leaders operating with this kind

of motivation are free from worldly pressures and lusts in their responsibilities

to the body, and are thus able to concern themselves totally with listening for

God’s guidance and putting it into effect in the various member’s lives. In our

world we see very few churches that operate in this manner: church leadership

is considered to be a full-time occupation with salaries commensurate with the

size of the church, the particular leadership position, and the ability of the

person filling the position. As a result of this the leaders we have are

A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 34

necessarily concerned with growing the church in number of members,

advancing to higher positions, and ingratiating themselves with those who

control their salaries and assignments. None of these goals have anything to

do with what Peter is discussing here, nor does it seem to have anything to do

with the mission of Jesus Christ in this world: preaching the gospel to the

poor; healing the broken-hearted; proclaiming deliverance to the captives;

recovering of sight to the blind; setting at liberty those that are bruised; and

preaching the acceptable year of the Lord (Luke 4:18-19).

In spite of what has been said above, we are where we are, and I believe

God expects us to continue to lift up Jesus Christ to those in our own

particular world. In the book of Revelation God describes the condition of

churches that existed in Asia Minor (present Turkey), late in the 1st century. I

have long felt that the problems outlined in these letters were included for our

edification, and that they represent the problems of the latter-day church in

our own time. I would be of the opinion that the two churches that best

represent the problems of the present church in America are those at Sardis,

and Laodicea: they were accused of being dead, and being neither hot nor cold.

But even in these two churches there were those who had not “defiled their

A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 35

garments” (Sardis), and who God promised to “rebuke and chasten” because

He loved them (Laodicea).

Exhortation of the Sheep

The sheep must be subject to the shepherd and submit to his guidance, but

the shepherd’s teachings must always be judged against the Word of God

(1 Corinthians 14:29). The members of the body should also be subject to one

another, that the body can grow and be tempered. The body members should

be clothed with humility, willing to serve one another, for God resists the

proud, and gives grace to the humble. Rid yourself of pride and God will be

able to exalt you in due time. And we should cast all our cares (anxiety) on

God, for He exercises jealous guardianship over those who belong to Him.

Satan and his minions are waiting for an opening (lowering of the hedge) that

may give them an opportunity to draw us into sin. We must watch and be

sober, aware that those that are in the world are vulnerable to Satan’s

enticements and, but for the grace of God, we could be likewise. It is through

trials and sufferings that God will perfect us, and bring us to eternal glory.

A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 36

The younger members of the body are advised to submit themselves to the

elder members, and then Peter adds that all the members should be subject to

one another. We know that God speaks and works through all members of His

body, so we are cautioned here to listen and heed words and guidance offered

by young and old alike, always judging such by the Word of God. However, as

indicated by Peter, the older members of the body are more experienced, and

normally have greater knowledge and wisdom; thus their guidance should

always be given special deference.

Members of the body of Christ should be clothed with humility, for God

“resisteth the proud.” Humility is not a trait that comes easy for men; we live

in a world that admires pride, where individual “rights” are constantly being

emphasized, and litigated in the courtroom. God is against the proud, but He

gives grace to the humble (Isaiah 57:15; Proverbs 3:34; James 4:6). God always

looks on the heart when He “measures” a man, so we know that the humility

here is produced by a broken and contrite heart, and not some desire on our

part to be considered humble by others. The humility that God honors in a

man comes when he recognizes his fallen condition, compared to God’s

absolute holiness and majesty. Humility leads to a lowered estimation of

A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 37

oneself, and the desire to consider the needs of others before self. This is the

kind of humility God honors in His kingdom.

A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 38


Questions on 1 Peter

Chapter 1
1. Explain the meaning of 1 Peter 1:2.
2. Why does Peter use the phrase “begotten us again” in verse 3?
3. To what is Peter referring in verse 5?
4. Why does our faith need to be tried by fire?
5. Explain the statement that Jesus is the author and finisher of our faith.
6. State why you are dragging your feet on becoming more holy.
7. Explain your relationship with the Father while you are here on earth.
8. Give the level of your faith and justify.

Chapter 2
1. Why do you think Peter refers to the recipients of his letter as “babes”?
2. Explain the meaning of the word “tasted” in verse 3.
3. Consider the scriptures in the Bible that refer to Jesus Christ as a stone, and
discuss why you think God chose this metaphor.
4. Discuss the meaning of verse 10 (refer to Romans 9:25, Hosea 2:23).
5. Have you conducted yourself in the past in accordance with 1 Peter 2:18-20?
If not, what can you do to change?

A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 39

6. Who caused the sheep of 1 Peter 2:25 to return to the fold, and what does
this mean in regard to our salvation and continued guardianship by Christ?

Chapter 3
1. Explain 1 Peter 3:4.
2. What is your understanding of the word “knowledge” in verse 7?
3. List the duties of the husband and wife in marriage.
4. List Peter’s guidelines for believers (1 Peter 3:8-17).
5. Explain 1 Peter 3:19.
6. Give your understanding of 1 Peter 3:20-21

Chapter 4
1. Explain the difference between the judgment of unbelievers and believers.
2. How does suffering rid us of iniquity?
3. Explain the meaning of 1 Peter 4:6.
4. Why did Peter think that the end of time was nearly upon them?
5. Explain Col. 1:24.
6. Explain 1 Peter 4:17.
7. In your own words explain Oswald Chamber’s analysis of 1 Peter 4:19.

A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 40

Chapter 5
1. Give your impression of the present-day church compared to the church
Peter was describing in this chapter.
2. How can we restore the purity and simplicity of the 1st century church to
our churches of today?
3. Describe your understanding of the phrase “submit yourselves to the elders”.
4. In comparing churches of today with those described in Revelation
Chapters 2 and 3, can you identify similar problems?
5. How can we learn to cast all our cares on Jesus? Refer to Ps. 55:22, Matt.
6:25, Phs. 4:6).
6. Explain 1 Peter 5:8.
7. How can a man achieve humility?

A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 41

A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 42

Links to Other Books Available

by Jesse C. Jones

After the “Big Bang”

A Layman’s Commentary on the Revelation of Jesus Christ

A Man of God

Can God Be Known?

Dialogue With an Atheist

Has God Divorced America?

The Mystery of God

The Spiritual Life

Weighed in the Balances

Bible Stumbling Blocks

Note: All of the above e-books are available online and are free to
download & share via SCrosnoe on Scribd

The Path to Holiness

available for purchase online

A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 43

Bible Study Guides for the New Testament

by Jesse C. Jones

Matthew Mark & Luke - A Study on The Parables

John – A Study on the Gospel of John

Acts – A Study on the Acts of the Apostles

Romans – A Study on the Epistle to the Romans

I Corinthians – A Study on the First Epistle to the


II Corinthians – A Study on the Second Epistle to the


Galatians – A Study on the Epistle to the Galatians

Ephesians – A Study on the Epistle to the Ephesians

Philippians - A Study on the Epistle to the Philippians

Colossians – A Study on the Epistle to the Colossians

I Thessalonians – A Study on the First Epistle to the


A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 44

II Thessalonians – A Study on the Second Epistle to the

I Timothy – A Study on the First Epistle to Timothy

II Timothy – A Study on the Second Epistle to Timothy

Titus – A Study on the Epistle to Titus

Philemon – A Study on the Epistle to Philemon

Hebrews – A Study on the Book of Hebrews

James – A Study on the Book of James

I Peter – A Study on the Book of I Peter

II Peter – A Study on the Book of II Peter

I II & III John - A Study on the Three Epistles of John

Jude – A Study on the Epistle of Jude

Revelation of Jesus Christ – A Layman’s Commentary on

the Revelation of Jesus Christ

A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 45

This page intentionally left blank.

A Study on the Book of I Peter by Jesse C. Jones available on scribd 46