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Version No.
Prerequisite -
Objectives: 1. To create awareness and emphasize on the need for automotive transmission
system equipments.
2. To develop skills in maintenance of transmission equipments.
3. To develop an understanding of working of transmission systems.
Expected On completion of this course, the students will be able to
Outcome: 1. Understand the need for transmission system.
2. Identify and solve problems in transmission system.
3. Demonstrate the working of transmission systems

Unit I Clutch
Necessity of clutch in an automobile, different types of clutches, friction clutches namely Single
plate clutch, multi plate clutch, cone clutch, centrifugal clutch, electromagnetic clutch, hydraulic
clutches, Clutch - adjustment, Clutch troubles and their causes, requirements of a clutch , Clutch
materials, clutch lining Vacuum operated clutch. Fluid coupling.

Unit II Gear box

Various Resistances to Motion of the Automobile, Traction, tractive effort Performance curves,
acceleration grade ability, drawbar pull. The need for transmissions, Necessity of gear box,
Desirable ratios of 3speed & 4speed gear boxes, Constructional details of, Sliding-mesh gear box,
Constant-mesh gear box, synchromesh gear box, automatic and semi automatic transmission,

Unit III Torque Converter and Automatic Transmission

Principal of torque conversion, single, multi stage and polyphase torque converters, performance
characteristics, constructional and operational details of typical hydraulic transmission drives.
Automatic transmission: relative merits and demerits when compared to conventional transmission
– epicyclic and hydromatic transmission – continuously variable transmission.

Unit IV Special transmission systems

Hydrostatic drives: advantages and disadvantages, principles of hydrostatic drive systems,
construction and working of typical hydrostatic drives, Janney Hydrostatic drive.
Electrical drives: advantages and limitations, principles of Ward Leonard system of control Modern
electric drive for buses and performance characteristics

Unit V Drive line

Effects of driving thrust and torque reaction. Hotchkiss drive. Torque tube drive, radius rods.
Propeller shaft. Universal joints. Final drives – different types, double reaction final drive. Two
speed rear axle. Rear axle construction – full floating, three quarter floating and semi-floating
arrangements. Differential – conventional type, non-slip type. Differential locks.

Proceedings of the 21st Academic Council of VIT [30.11.2010] 155

Text Books
1. Crouse. W.H., Anglin., D.L., " Automotive Transmission and Power Trains Construction",
2. Crouse W.H-“Automotive chassis and body”-McGraw-Hill, New York- 1971.

1. Newton K and Steeds. W. “motor Vehicle”, Butter Worth’s & Co., Publishers Ltd, 1997
2. Automatic vehicle transmission, John Wiley Publications 1995
3. Automotive chassis system – Thomas W. Birch
4. Heldt P.M - Torque converters- Chilton Book Co.-1992

Mode of Evaluation Quiz/Assignment/ Seminar/Written Examination

Recommended by the Board of Studies on:
Date of Approval by the Academic Council:

Proceedings of the 21st Academic Council of VIT [30.11.2010] 156