You are on page 1of 3

How The Aurora Phenomena Happen

Do you know about aurora? Can you tell me how aurora occurs? Well, let
me explain it. An aurora (Latin word mean “sunrise”) is natural light display in the
sky in the poles (north and south) caused by the collision of energetic charged
particles with atoms in the high altitude atmosphere. In the northern latitude, the
effect is known as aurora borealis (aurora: the goddess dawn, borealis: north
wind). While in the Antarctic region, the effect is known as aurora australis. They
illuminate the northern and southern horizon as greenish glow or sometimes faint
red, occasionally blue but most often in fluorescent green. The Aurora can be seen
at night because their light is not as strong as the light of the day.

The aurora phenomenon occurs when the sun produces solar wind. Solar
wind is a stream of electrons and protons which are released from the sun due to
the high kinetic energy. These particles are charged and contain energy, which
means they contribute to electricity. In other way, our planet is surrounded by a
super-sized magnetic sheath which is usually called the Magnetic Field of the
Earth. Sometimes this solar wind hits the Earth. Some of these charged particles
lead to the poles of the earth at a speed that keeps growing. The collision
between these particles and atoms present in the earth’s atmosphere, it releases
the energy that causes the formation of colorful auroras at the poles of the earth,
which looks like a big circle around the pole.

Why Aurora is only found in the earth’s poles? This is because the north and
South Pole magnetic field is very strong compared to other regions. The poles of
this magnetic field pull the protons and electrons from the solar wind. So the
phenomenon is more common in the Polar Regions.

However, sometimes the Aurora can also appear at the top of the mountain
in a tropical climate, but this phenomenon is extremely rare. Aurora phenomena
have been observed on other planets than Earth that have a magnetic field, such
as Jupiter, Saturn and more recently Mars. It is believed to be a widespread
phenomenon in the Solar System and beyond.

Multiple Choice

1. What is the Aurora?

a. The Aurora is a stream of electrons and protons which are released from the sun due to
the high kinetic energy.

b. The Aurora is a phenomenon occurs when the sun produces solar wind.

c. The Aurora is natural light display in the sky in the poles (north and south) caused by the
collision of energetic charged particles with atoms in the high altitude atmosphere.

d. The Aurora is aphenomena have been observed on other planets than Earth that have a
magnetic field, such as Jupiter, Saturn and more recently Mars.

e. The Aurora is the energy that causes the formation of colorful auroras at the poles of the
earth, which looks like a big circle around the pole.

2. What is the meaning of Aurora in the Latin word?

a. Sunlight
b. Sunlit
c. Sunbeam
d. Sunset
e. Sunrise

3. What is the Solar wind?

a. Solar wind is the energy that causes the formation of colorful auroras at the poles of the
earth, which looks like a big circle around the pole.

b. Solar wind is a stream of electrons and protons which are released from the sun due to
the high kinetic energy.

c. Solar wind is a phenomenon occurs when the sun produces solar wind.
d. Solar wind is natural light display in the sky in the poles (north and south) caused by the
collision of energetic charged particles with atoms in the high altitude atmosphere.

e. Solar wind is a phenomena have been observed on other planets than Earth that have a
magnetic field, such as Jupiter, Saturn and more recently Mars.

4. When The Aurora can be seen?

a. The Aurora can be seen at all day long because their light is same like the light of the
day.

b. The Aurora can be seen at every single day because it happen in everyday.

c. The Aurora can be seen on Friday evenings.

d. The Aurora can be seen at night because their light is not as strong as the light of the
day.

e. The Aurora can be seen on 6th November.

5. Why Aurora is only found in the earth’s poles?

a. It’s because the North and South Pole magnetic field is very strong compared to other
regions.

b. It’s because the Solar wind.

c. It’s because a big circle around the pole.

d. It’s because a solar radiation on the earth's atmosphere.

e. It’s because the sunshine returning to the air that trapped by gases in the atmosphere
such as carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide, methane, water vapor, and so on.