You are on page 1of 3

SHORT ANSWER.

Write the word or phrase that best completes each statement or


answers the question.
Provide an appropriate response.
1) A survey of 700 non-fatal accidents showed that 167 involved uninsured drivers.
Construct a 99% confidence interval for the proportion of fatal accidents that
involved uninsured drivers. Round to the nearest thousandth. Interpret it 1)
_____________

2) A state highway patrol official wishes to estimate the number of legally


intoxicated drivers on a certain road.
a) How large a sample is needed in order to be 98% confident that the sample
proportion will not differ from the true proportion by more than 2%?
b) Repeat part (a) assuming previous studies found that 85% of the drivers on this
road are legally intoxicated. 2) _____________

3) Construct a 90% confidence interval for the population mean, μ. Assume the
population has a normal distribution. In a recent study of 22 eighth graders, the
mean number of hours per week that they played video games was 19.6 with a standard
deviation of 5.8 hours. Round to the nearest hundredth. Interpret it 3)
_____________

4) In order to set rates, an insurance company is trying to estimate the number of


sick days that full time workers at a local bank take per year. Based on earlier
studies, they will assumed that s = 2.8 days. a) How large a sample must be
selected if the company wants to be 98% confident that their estimate is within 1
day of the true mean? b) Repeat part (a) using a 99% confidence interval. Which
level of confidence requires a larger sample size? Explain. 4) _____________

5) The engineering school at a major university claims that 20% of its graduates
are women. In a graduating class of 210 students, 58 were females. Does this
suggest that the school is believable? Use α = 0.05. Round hat(p) to the nearest
ten-thousandth when calculating the test statistic. ( Use the p-value approach)
5) _____________
6) A local retailer claims that the mean waiting time is less than 8 minutes. A
random sample of 20 waiting times has a mean of 6.3 minutes with a standard
deviation of 2.1 minutes. At α = 0.01, test the retailer's claim. Assume the
distribution is normally distributed. Round the test statistic to the nearest
thousandth.
6) _____________

1) (0.197, 0.280)

2) a) 3394
b) 1731

3) (17.47, 21.73)

4) a) 43
b) 52; A 99% confidence interval requires a larger sample than a 98% confidence
interval because more information is needed from the population to be 99%
confident.

5) P-value = 0.0058; test statistic ≈ 2.76; reject H with subscript((0)); There is


sufficient evidence to reject the university's claim.

6) critical value t with subscript((0)) = -2.539; standardized test statistic ≈


-3.620; reject H with subscript((0)); There is sufficient evidence to support the
retailer's claim.