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Kuwait International Airport

The Passenger Terminal Building – Terminal-II

SECTION 31 22 23

AREA GRADING

PART 1 - GENERAL

1.01 DESCRIPTION

A. Section covers requirements for grading designated areas:


1. outside the normal fill and excavation areas;
2. at locations and to the extent in accordance with the lines and grades as shown
on the drawings or as instructed by the Engineer.

1.02 REFERENCES

A. Testing Requirements:
1. ASTM D 1556 - Density and Unit Weight of Soil in Place by the Sand-Cone
Method
2. ASTM D 1557 - Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil using Modified
Effort
3. ASTM D 2922 - Density of Soil and Soil-Aggregate in Place by Nuclear
Methods (Shallow Depth)

1.03 RELATED SECTIONS

A. The Contractor shall be required to coordinate the work of other sections with the work
of this section. Related work to be coordinated and used in conjunction with this
specification includes but is not restricted to:
1. Section 01 33 00 - Submittal Procedures
2. Section 01 40 00 - Quality Requirements
3. Section 01 60 00 - Project Requirements
4. Section 31 23 16 - Excavation and Fill

PART 2 - PRODUCTS

2.01 FILL MATERIAL

A. Refer to the Section 31 23 16 for Excavation and Fill.

PART 3 - EXECUTION

3.01 GENERAL

A. Total excavation / fill necessary to obtain specified graded area < 500 m3 per hectare.

B. Quantities exceeding 500 m3, to be considered as common excavation or fill.

C. Disturbed or damaged adjacent areas due to Contractor’s operations shall be restored


at no additional cost.

3.02 DISPOSAL OF MATERIALS

A. All excavated materials to be disposed of either:


1. in designated spoil or stockpile areas within the property boundary as indicated
on the drawings or as instructed by the Engineer, or;
2. in dump areas outside the property boundary as approved by the Engineer.

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9 March, 2014 Area Grading 31 22 23 - 1(AD2)
Kuwait International Airport
The Passenger Terminal Building – Terminal-II

B. The Contractor shall obtain approval and all necessary permits and licenses for the use
of dump areas outside the property boundary from the respective local authorities,
taking into account environmental aspects and other requirements in force by
legislation.

C. Excavated materials, which have to be disposed of outside the property boundary, shall
become the property of the Contractor unless stated otherwise. Excavated materials to
spoil shall not be temporarily stockpiled, but removed from site as the work proceeds.

D. For the location and use of spoil and stockpile areas within the property boundary the
Contractor shall obtain approval from the Engineer.

E. Excavated materials, which have to be disposed of or stockpiled within the property


boundary, shall remain or become the property of the Owner or the Employer unless
stated otherwise.

F. The Contractor shall set-out and clearly mark all approved spoil and stockpile areas
within the property boundary. Before dumping the excavated materials can commence
the Contractor shall, at his own expense, clear said areas and take elevations in
sufficient detail for submission to and approval by the Engineer.

G. During the course of the grading operations all excavated materials dumped in spoil or
stockpile areas within the property boundary shall be evenly spread out and compacted
with all slopes dressed uniformly and properly drained.

H. The surface levels of spoil and stockpile areas in its final state shall not extend more
than 200 mm above the ground levels of the adjacent area unless instructed otherwise.

3.03 SURFACE LEVEL TOLERANCES

A. Surface level tolerances shall be as per Table 1. The finished level tolerances are in
relation to design levels.

B. Level deviation in excess of tolerances shall be corrected by loosening, removing or


adding materials, spreading and re-compacting by sprinkling and rolling.

3.04 COMPACTION REQUIREMENTS AND TOLERANCES

A. Compaction shall be as per Table 1.

B. Field densities tests shall be determined in accordance with ASTM D 1557 in


combination with ASTM D 1556 or ASTM D 2922.

Finished Ground Minimum Test Field Density Finished Ground Level


Level of Graded Areas Area (m2) (%MDD at OMC) Tolerances (mm):
in:
Runway Safety Areas 1,000 As per Section -20 / +20
(Strip, Overrun, Excavation and Fill
Blastpad)
All other Areas 1,000 As per Section -20 / +20
Excavation and Fill
Table 1: Field Densities and Finished Levels

END OF SECTION

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9 March, 2014 Area Grading 31 22 23 - 2(AD2)

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