You are on page 1of 15

Section E

UST System Removal

January 2005
UST System Removal

Table of Contents

1. PREAMBLE................................................................................................... 1
2. SITE INFORMATION SHEET ..................................................................................................... 1
3. DISCLAIMER .............................................................................................................................. 1
4. ROLES......................................................................................................................................... 1
5. SITE SPECIFIC SOW.................................................................................................................. 3
6. GENERAL WORK PROCEDURES ............................................................................................ 3
PREPLANNING: ......................................................................................................................... 3
not defined.

UST System Removal

UST System Removal

Scope of Work

January 2005


Underground storage tanks and piping systems that are removed from ChevronTexaco facilities
must be removed and disposed of in a safe manner. The intent of this Scope of Work is to
provide the Site Information, Roles, and General Work Procedures for an underground storage
tank and piping systems removal project. This Scope of Work will be combined with that for the
Environmental Conditions Report for UST Removal and Installation (Section G) and may also be
combined with the SOW for UST System Installation (Section F) or HES Assessment for Service
Station Property Transactions (Section H), depending on the circumstances at the specific site.

In countries where local regulations are in place regarding these works, which ever specification
(CVX or local) is the more stringent takes precedent. For additional information to this document,
refer to American Petroleum Institute (API) Document 1604: Closure of Underground Petroleum
Storage Tanks. (Note: Electronic API documents are obtainable on the API website.)


For each site in the program, the Removal Contractor and Environmental Consultant will receive
a completed Site Information Sheet prior to starting the work. The Sheet will be completed by the
CT PFO Construction Specialist and CT Site Remediation Specialist and will include information
from the initial UST installation; any reported releases, any previous assessment reports, and
area geological and groundwater maps if they are available. It will also specify the analytical
laboratory and waste handling practices that must be followed for the site.

USTS Project Site

Info Sheet.doc

The information and procedures provided in this SOW are given in good faith and on the basis of
the best information available. The use of this information or procedures does not relieve the
user of the responsibility for sound engineering judgment and for ensuring that the use of this
information or procedures is technically and economically appropriate, in compliance with local
regulations and safe for the particular circumstances. No legal liability is accepted by
ChevronTexaco, its subsidiaries or affiliates arising out of or in connection with the said
information and procedures and/or the use thereof.

The roles and responsibilities of the ChevronTexaco Property & Facilities Optimization (PFO)

UST System Removal

Construction Specialist, the Removal Contractor, the Environmental Consultant, the Chevron
Texaco Site Remediation (SR) Specialists and the Installation Contractor are shown on the
attached flowchart and discussed below.

Roles for UST

Removal and Installation.vsd


 Using the region’s annual work plan and in partnership with HES Specialist:
 Complete the Site Information Sheet for each site
 Coordinate site specific design, documentation & consents (permits) as required;
 Liaise with Marketing Business Consultants and Retailer on site coordination;
 Ensure that the Removal Contractor prepares and adheres to a site specific Health &
Safety Plan
 Manage the on site coordination, quality control & cost control;
 Coordinate post project closeout activities;


 Provide information on the analytical lab, waste handling practices, previous assessment
work and required HES permits or consents for the Site Information Sheets
 Provide guidance and make decision on required actions when significant contamination
or unusual environmental conditions are encountered.
 Work with the Environmental Consultant to address situations that require regulatory
 Approve final Environmental Conditions Report

CHEVRONTEXACO Country HES Specialist

 Review and approve Contractor’s Health Environment and Safety Plan
 Review contractors SWP Procedures and training records to determine if Contractor is
suitable for self-permitting
 Conduct or review random Safety Audits during UST removal site
 Review and evaluate the safety aspects of the UST demolition process
 Conduct or review random Safety Audits during UST installation site

 Review the Site Information Sheet and specific design, documentation and consents
(permits) required for each site
 Prepare a site-specific Health and Safety Plan;
 Work plan and schedule for tank and piping system removal, transportation and disposal.
The plan must include steps for coordinating the tank and piping system work with the
contaminated soil/groundwater removal and disposal as directed by the Environmental
 Comply with the Safe Work Practices included as attachments in this RFP when
 Comply with the other Terms & Conditions of the Contract documents;

 Pre-plan the soil segregation and treatment/disposal activities
 Coordinate the soil and groundwater sampling with the Removal Contractor.
 Manage the sample shipment and analysis with the analytical laboratory
 Manage the contaminated soil and product/sludge/groundwater removal from the site
 Generate a factual report documenting site environmental conditions

UST System Removal

 Prepare a site-specific Health and Safety Plan (if they were not the Removal Contractor)
 Install new UST system following ChevronTexaco stands and manufacture’s


Remove the UST’s and piping system at the nominated site/s in accordance with the General
Work Procedures (listed below) and the following site specific requirements:

 Include demolition, special operating restrictions, requirements for shoring or dewatering,

dispenser removal and handling of ChevronTexaco equipment as required and if any
tanks/lines are to be abandoned and left in place.

 Include services to be provided to the Environmental Consultant.

Note: The Environmental Consultant will collect samples, oversee the management of the
contaminated soil and waste materials and prepare and Environmental Conditions
Report. In some instances soil and water remediation will be required at the site. Those
activities will be planned specifically for those sites as required and are not included in
this work scope.

 Include service to be provided to the Installation Contractor.

Note: In some instances new USTs and piping systems are to be installed at the site.
This work is to be performed in accordance with the UST System Installation SOW.

The UST replacement program will not include pre-drilling as a standard. Pre-drilling may be
provided at specific sites under the following circumstances:

 Local regulations require soil or groundwater samples before they will issue a
permit/approval for the UST replacement
 Construction issues require specific information about the site geology that can not be
obtained through other means
 ChevronTexaco enters into a competitive take over project/process where competitors
pre-existing fuel storage tanks could potentially represent a liability for the new CVX retail
facility operation.


Before commencing any work, the contractor shall take special care in reviewing and
implementing all the safety requirements established in the contract.

Responsibility – the contractor overseeing the removal is the person responsible for site
coordination and safety. For a complete description of safety precautions refer to API
Standards 2015 – Safe Entry and Cleaning of Petroleum Storage Tanks, Planning and
Managing Tank Entry from Decommissioning to Recommissioning.
Work Permit – All tank removals must be conducted with the appropriate Work Permit (see safe
work permit guidelines to be provided by the local CVX OE/ HES Specialist).
Pre-Construction Meeting – a discussion with all persons involved in the tank removal job should
be held prior to starting the project. The contents of this document are a starting point for
discussion on project safety issues.

UST System Removal

UST System
Pre-Construction Mtg.doc

Underground lines – all underground lines on site must be located and gas freed before
excavation begins.
Services – all services on, under and near the site must be located before any work begins.
These include water, electricity, sewage, gas, compressed air, communication and, close
circuit television.
Excavation Safety – persons working in or near the tank excavation must comply with the safety
requirements of excavations. (as provided by OE/ HES department).
Crane & Hoist Safety – persons working near the tanks, rigging, crane or hoist must comply with
the safety requirements for crane and hoist use, including local regulations on
communications and rigging requirements. (as provided by OE/ HES department).
Tank Destination – the end destination of the tanks being removed shall be determined prior to
removal. The tank will require saddles to support it during transport. Also refer to API
Publication 2219 for vacuum truck operating and safety practices.
Transportation of Dangerous Goods (TDG) – TDG paperwork and placards are required for tank
transportation must be prepared in accordance with local regulations. If local regulations are
unavailable identify as per General Procedures.
Safety Equipment –
 Two 8kg (20lb) or larger dry powder fire extinguishers onsite.
 Barricades to keep unauthorized persons off site with appropriate warning signs.
 Combustible gas detector with oxygen sensor.
 Venturi, fan to purge tank or dry ice, nitrogen or cooled carbon monoxide to inert the tank.
 Hard hat, leather gloves, steel-toed boots, reflective vest and safety glasses.
 Safety harness and lanyard if work required at 2 meters or higher
 Flame arrestors for exhaust vent lines


1) The ChevronTexaco representative will prepare the necessary contractual documents to the
contractor(s) chosen to execute the work. No work is to commence until the contractual
documents are agreed and signed by both parties. Before commencing any demolition or
excavation work, Contractors are to check for and identify all above and underground
services. If the excavation is in an area known to contain active underground services they
should be taken out of service and locked out and tagged out in accordance with local
regulations. Note: If local regulations are not available, use the Excavation Safety document
located in the Preplanning section. Precautions will need to be taken if overhead services are
present. These may also be required to be taken out of service and locked and tagged out.

2) The contractor will prepare the tank for excavation as follows:

UST System Removal

a) Ensure that the site is barricaded and secured to prevent public access. Ideally
there should be 15 meters (50 feet) from the tanks to the barricade although this
may not always be possible.
b) If dispensers/fuel pumps have to be removed the fuel supply lines should be
drained and the lines capped. The dispenser/pump should be drained of residual
fuel and entry lines capped before the dispenser is placed in storage for
ChevronTexaco removal.
c) On turbine systems: remove leak detectors, check valves from turbines and drain
all product back to the tank.
On suction systems: pull the foot valve(s) poppet at the tank to drain all the
product lines back to the tank. For a complete description of safety precautions
refer to API Standards 2015 – Safe Entry and Cleaning of Petroleum Storage
Tanks, Planning and Managing Tank Entry from Decommissioning to
d) A ChevronTexaco representative shall then gauge the tank and complete the
local inventory control documents including recording the volume of water in the
tank bottom.
e) Strip water from the bottom of the tanks using an explosion proof pump system.
Collect the water in barrels for proper waste water disposal as specified in the
USTS Project Site Information Sheet
f) The remaining fuel shall be removed from the tanks using an explosion proof
pump system and transferred into a ChevronTexaco provided tank truck or other
containers. Grounding and continuity considerations shall be taken in order to
avoid the accumulation of dangerous static electricity. For a complete description
of safety precautions refer to API Standards 2015 – Safe Entry and Cleaning of
Petroleum Storage Tanks, Planning and Managing Tank Entry from
Decommissioning to Recommissioning. If a vacuum truck is used the area of
operation must be vapor free and the truck should be located upwind from the
tank and outside the path of probable vapor travel. The vacuum truck must be
one designed for use in petroleum service. Use API 2219 – Safe Operating
Guidelines For Vacuum Trucks In Petroleum Service For Vacuum Truck
Operating And Safety Practices.
g) To avoid risks related to the creation of sparks in contact with vapors on the
existing tank area, it is necessary to empty and, when it is deemed
applicable, gas-free the tanks before any tank removal works is performed
through the following steps:
1. Remove all ignition sources, such as fire or open flame, or cellular or any
non-explosion proof equipment within 15 meters at all the times during this

2. Proceed to inert or gas-free all the tanks through the use of the following

o It is necessary to ensure the removal of Flammable/Explosive Vapours

from within the USTs before demolition of the tank. Tanks to be
abandoned in place must be purged and or inerted before properly
rendering them as unusable. USTs that are to be removed from the
subsurface for demolition shall be purged and inerted before demolition
is allowed to begin. There are two options for the inerting of USTs that
are to be removed and demolition. Option 1 is to purged and inert the
UST prior to its removal from the excavation site. Option 2 is to purge
and inert the UST at the demolition site immediately prior to the tanks’

UST System Removal

scheduled demolition. The decision as to which option to choose shall be

based on the specific UST removal site’s condition and the stations
operational status.

The two options are discussed below:

Option 1: Tanks are to be purged and inerted prior to their removal and
transportation from the excavation. Option 1 is the normally preferred
option, however, if there are unsafe conditions at the site, such as the
presence of potential ignition or sparking sources, or close proximity to
residents or other highly sensitive receptors, Option 2 may be used.
Whenever a UST is to be abandoned in place, Option 1 must be

Option 2: UST Tanks are removed first and transported to their

demolition site where they are to be purged and inerted immediately prior
to the tanks demolition. The purging and inerting process itself is the
same in Option 1 and Option 2. If Option 2 is employed,
the UST removal and transfer to the demolition site must be first
approved and signed off by the Company (ChevronTexaco) PM and the
Country’s HES Specialist. All off-site works must be conducted by a
qualified Contractor who is familiar with the purging and inerting process
at a safe offsite location. The purging and inerting processes that can be
employed are described in more detail in the Appendix.

o All openings of a tank with the exception of the tanks vent are to be
sealed prior to inerting. The vent shall be extended using PVC piping to
at minimum of one meter above the UST and a flame arrester installed.
One these have been done there three possible methods listed below for
inerting of the UST tanks.

o Dry ice method: Tanks can be inerted by adding 1.8 kg of dry ice per
1,000 liters of tank capacity (or 1.7 pounds per 100 US gallons) evenly
distributed over tank bottom, as per API Document 1604: Closure of
Underground Petroleum Storage Tanks.

 After introducing the solid CO2 seal the port used for introduction
leaving only the one vent with the flame arrestor open, continue
to observe all normal safety precautions regarding flammable or
combustible vapors. Make sure that all the dry ice has
evaporated before proceeding.

o Nitrogen introduction method: Tanks can be inerted by displacement of

air and hydrocarbon vapors from the UST tank through the introduction
of nitrogen gas from portable N2 cylinders. If this process is to be used a
calculation shall be made to determine the minimum volume of N2
required based on the size of the tank.

o Carbon Monoxide method: Tanks can be inerted by the displacement of

air and hydrocarbon vapors from a UST tank through the introduction of
pre-cooled carbon monoxide vapors from the exhaust of a diesel
operated vehicle engine. Before the carbon monoxide is introduced into
the UST through a hose which is first passed through a water cooler heat

UST System Removal

o Tank ventilation method: If mechanical venting equipment is to be used

to gas free the tank, ensure that all the system is explosion-poof, in good
condition and properly bonded to prevent the generation and discharge
of static electricity. Detail of the tank ventilation methods are described in
API Document 1604: Closure of Underground Petroleum Storage Tanks.

o Confirm that a tank atmosphere has been inerted or gas freed by using a
properly calibrated and bump tested combustible gas indicator. Personnel
performing gas testing must have been trained and qualified in the use of the gas
testing equipment.
 If cold cutting is to be the method of tank demolition the vapors monitored must
be less than 10.0 % of the Lower Explosive Level (LEL) for combustible vapors,
before proceeding. Vapor test methods are described in the API documents. If
opened for testing purposes, ensure that all openings other than the vent are
 If hot cutting is to be the method of tank demolition the vapors monitored must be
at 0 % of the Lower Explosive Level (LEL) for combustible vapors, before
proceeding with the tank’s demolition.
Note: If there are unsafe conditions at the site, tanks may be purged or inerted at an offsite
location. Purging off site must be first approved and signed off by the ChevronTexaco
Representative. To prepare a tank for moving to an offsite location all openings with the
exception of the tank’s vent line shall be verified as being sealed. The tanks open vent piping
shall have a flame arrestor installed on it prior to transport. In lieu of a flame arrestor a cap
can be installed on the vent piping that incorporates a 3mm to 6mm hole drilled through the
cap to act as a vent. The tank should always be positioned with the vent stack located
vertically at the highpoint on the top of the tank.

Consideration shall be given to the amount and direction of travel of the vapor being emitted
from the tank during the inerting process. The area down wind and or down-gradient shall be
constantly monitored during this process. It may be necessary to stop the process
periodically to allow accumulated vapor to dissipate. This will depend on location and the
surrounding area.

If Thunderstorms are occurring in the vicinity of the UST removal site then the inerting
process shall be halted. The inerting process shall only resume once the thunderstorms have

3) Once the tank and piping system is gas free, remove surface paving/concrete and begin
excavation, while taking care not to damage or rupture the tank or piping systems. The exact
position of the tank or piping system shall be precisely located by hand digging, or probing
with a blunt object, and then exposed for the entire length before any mechanical excavation
is to take place. No mechanical excavation is to occur within 300mm on all sides of the tank
or piping system. Any required excavation in this zone must be performed by hand digging.
The hand tools used should be bronze or similar spark minimizing materials. If cutting any
pipe which has contained product is necessary, a handsaw or air operated hacksaw may be
used but the pipe cut surface shall be kept constantly wet with water. The Contractor must
convey to their employees the hazard associated with the existing pipes and connections
located between the tanks and the pavement surface. Special care in order to avoid sparks
should be taken when excavating very close to the existing pipes and connections coming
from the current UST system. Vapors in the work area should be monitored prior and during
the activity and remain at less than 5.0 % LEL.

UST System Removal

o If during the UST purge, inerting, or excavation operations should the LEL in the
surrounding vicinity rise above 5% LEL, operations shall be stopped until the
concentration of combustible vapors has dissipated to a level below 5%.
o Gas testing of the tanks internal space must always be performed immediately
prior to the tank undergoing demolition. Depending on the type of demolition to
be used the gas test readings must always be within the required limits for
demolition to begin. In the case of cold cut demolition of the tanks, the internal
vapor space shall have a Lower Explosive Limit (LEL) below 10.0% .If demolition
of the tank is to be done by hot cutting gas test results of the tank’s internal vapor
space shall always have a Lower Explosive Limit (LEL) reading of zero. If either
case if the gas tester readings are above the required level the inerting or gas-
free procedures should be applied again until within these levels are reached.

4) Once the existing pipes have been disassembled and removed and the soil surrounding the
tanks has been extracted from the top, then tanks are ready to be removed. Before removal
operations begin, a new verification of less than 10.0% LEL inside the tanks and less than
5.0% in the work area. If the readings are above these levels, then inerting or gas-free
procedures should be applied again until within these levels.
Note: If the tanks are partially submerged in shallow groundwater, they could suddenly move
or shift upwards once unconfined (i.e., concrete cover, fill material and/or straps are removed
from around them). This is due to the buoyancy of the tanks. Additional care should be
exercised in locations with high water tables to protect against this hazard. Once the level of
the water table has been reached, it is necessary to pump the water out until the tank hole is
dry, in order to be able to remove the tanks safely.
The dewatering procedure will be the responsibility of the contractor however a procedure for
drying the hole is to build at least 2 pumping wells over 2 corners of the excavation area, 1
meter (3 feet) deeper than the bottom of the final excavation, in order to decrease the water
cone surrounding the excavation area. The pumps discharge should follow local regulation or
if there are no local regulations refer to the information in the USTS Project Site Information
If contaminated soil, water or phase separated hydrocarbon (PSH) is anticipated or
discovered during the excavation around the tanks and lines, coordinate with the
Environmental Consultant and separate potentially contaminated material from clean material
as directed by the Environmental Consultant and described in the Environmental Conditions
Report for UST System Removal and Installation SOW.
Immediately prior to the tank and piping system removal plug all openings and then remove
one of the caps connected to a socket that is not connected to a drop tube and replace the
cap with an updraft vent rose that contains a proper flashback arrestor. The tank should
always be positioned with the vent on the top of the tank.

Only properly rated lifting equipment may be used for the removal of the tanks from the
excavation pit. The conditions at the site shall determine the type of lifting equipment that is
suitable for use. In all cases the lifting equipment to be used must be properly rated for the
weight of the tanks and must be operated by a qualified licensed Operator. Example: Where
applicable a properly rated backhoe may be used to remove UST tanks from the excavation

When removing the tanks from the pit, run the appropriate rigging for the shape and size of
the tank. Ensure that the crane or other type of suitable lifting equipment is in a safe
operating position considering the load and geometry of the excavation area. Ideally a tank
should be lifted using fabric straps with design strength suitable for the weight of the tank and
any adhering material. If the lifting lugs are used for removal, make sure that they appear to

UST System Removal

be sound. If this is not possible, either install a cap that has a lift lug into one of the product
lines opening or use suitable straps passed under the tank. If straps are required to be
passed under the tank, special precautions need to be taken if this as it will probably require
entry into the tank pit. Conditions as per item 7 apply if entering of the tank pit is required.
When selecting and sizing lifting straps, or other devices used, consider additional forces
caused by tank suction related to the surrounding materials. During lifting the tank can be
rolled slightly or lifted at one end to break the suction. Material stops appropriate to the mass
of the tank and suction should be used.

It will be necessary for the Environmental Consultant to collect soil / water samples from the
tank pit and trenches as described in the Environmental Conditions Report for UST System
Removal and Installation SOW. The Environmental Consultant will not enter the tank pit to
collect the samples. Samples will be collected from the soil excavated by a backhoe or
similar equipment. In the event that it is necessary for any of the Removal Contractor
workers to enter the excavation pit, site-specific health and safety measures must be
developed for this task as it may be considered to be confined space entry. Any government
notifications and/or permits to enter a confined space should be made/obtained, as
necessary. In high water table locations where the tank may move, the tank shall be
restrained from moving while workers are in the tank pit. Under no circumstances are workers
allowed in the tank pit while the tank is being moved or lifted from the excavated area.

5) After the tank is removed from the pit to level surface, use wooden blocks to prevent
movement of the tank until it can be uplifted/moved from the site. Note that tanks should be
loaded directly onto the transport vehicle for removal from site where possible. Make sure
that all holes other than the single vent capped opening are plugged. Wood plugs or Plug ‘n’
Dyke, strapped on patch plates with gaskets (or similar) should be used to plug any holes or
ruptures in the tank.

In the event that a tank excavation pit is left open after the work day, the pit should be
properly barricaded and warning signs posted to ensure that no one falls into the pit.
Barricading and site signage shall be in accordance with local regulations.

Backfill material must be certified non-contaminated (clean) material and approved in writing
by the ChevronTexaco representative. Records must be maintained by the contractor
showing where the material came from and that it is clean. One of the following local
materials that can be economically obtained shall be used as backfill:
a) Sand: clean, inert, granular, well-graded sand, free from any organic
material, and of grading 0,02 mm to 2 mm. Appropriate sand includes
 Plaster sand,
 Building sand, and
 River sand;
b) Stone crushing: clean and free-flowing crusher dust, obtained from
commercial sources, and that complies with the following requirements:
 100 % passing a 19 mm sieve;
 98 % passing a 13,2 mm sieve;
 90 % passing a 4,75 mm sieve;
 Not more than 20 % passing a 75 µm sieve; and
 A maximum pH of 6,0;
c) Gravel: clean and free-flowing naturally rounded cohesion less gravel of
nominal diameter 6 mm and of particle size diameter in the range 3 mm
to 10 mm. Washed river sand would also fall under this classification.

UST System Removal

Note: Clay, silts, slags and cinders shall never be used.

All backfill material will be compacted in layers not more than 300 mm (12 inches) thick,
except when approved in writing by the ChevronTexaco representative. Each layer of
compaction will comply with a minimum of 95% of the measure of density of the original
sample according to the Modulus of American Association of Survey & Highway Technical
Organisation (MODAASHTO) or other local regulatory requirement. ChevronTexaco have the
right to test the compaction at any time.
6) Before the tank is removed from the site make sure all tank openings, other than the vent, are
sealed. Make sure that the vent opening is still open and positioned at the top of the tank
when transported. A flame arrestor (preferred) or a cap with a 3 mm to 6 mm hole shall be
installed on the tank’s vent line before being transported offsite. If the tank is to be removed
by a truck, load the tank on the truck and secure it to the truck in accordance with local
transportation regulations Material straps appropriate to the mass of the tank should be used
in securing the tank to the truck deck. (see also 14).
7) Before transporting the tanks off site, the tank should be clearly labeled with a durable tank
identification sign in accordance with local regulations. Minimum information that should be
included on the sign includes the following (example below). Note, that the label includes
whether the tanks have been purged/inerted earlier. If they have not, then as discussed
above, they need to undergo purging/inerting at an offsite facility.

Site ID Number:
Applicable Seals & Manufacturer Information
Former Tank Contents:
Leaded Gasoline


DATE: Day/Month/Year

Absolutely no Hot Work is to be attempted on this tank until it has been

gas tested and certified gas free (0 LEL).
This tank is not suitable for storage of food or liquid for human or
animal consumption.

In some cases, double wall steel and / or jacketed tanks could be relocated for re-use by the
company if allowed by regulation. In such cases, the contractor will have to perform the
necessary tests indicated by the manufacturer in order to guarantee that the interstitial
monitoring systems remain intact after the removal process. This is particularly important
when warranties from the manufacturers are transferred between sites.

Ensure the transportation truck that will be transporting the tanks off site has the proper
licenses, equipment and placards. The tank(s) shall be secured on the truck with fabric straps
and not chains. The driver shall refrain from smoking at all times, ensure the load is kept well
clear of ignition sources, ensure the journey is limited to the points of pick up and delivery
and shall be carried out as quickly as circumstances permit. The truck shall carry a fire
extinguisher 8kg (20 Ib) dry powder as a minimum. The extinguisher must be properly
secured to the vehicle and not unsecured in the cab.

UST System Removal

8) Where possible remove all piping system lines. The Environmental consultant will also
collect samples form pipe trenches as described in the ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
REPORT SOW. If it is not possible to remove the product lines, they may be left in place if
they have been flushed of all product and slurry filled. The prior written approval of the
ChevronTexaco Representative is required. Record on the site plans the location where lines
were left in place.
9) During the tank removal process, the Contractor should ensure that photographic
documentation of each site activity takes place. Photographs shall be submitted with the site
documentation to show:
o The surface has been made neat and tidy and reinstated in its original format
prior to the start of the removal process.
o All material broken out during the removal is removed from site and correctly
disposed off.
10) Wherever possible, tanks should be removed. However, In the event that site structures
prevent the removal of the tanks, they may be abandoned in place with written approval from
the Area PFO Manager, Region OE/HES Team Lead and local authorities.
Upon approval the following procedures may be used if in accordance with local regulations:
o Follow steps 1 through 3.
o Cap and secure the all openings against tampering. Leave the vent line open
and in place.
o Fill the tank with a sand/cement slurry, or similar inert material by placing the
slurry into the tank through a fill point (only if the fill drop tubes are removed),
dip or product line opening. Slowly fill the tank, ensuring that the fill material is
evenly distributed throughout the tank. Petroleum hydrocarbon vapor
monitoring must take place during the filling of the abandoned tanks and
petroleum hydrocarbon vapors maintained at less than 5.0% LEL during this
o Fuel lines (vent, fill and product supply) should be removed or filled with
slurry, or similar inert material after product is removed.
o In these cases, soil contamination benchmarking will required drilling
equipment and will be coordinated by the CT SR Specialist and the
Environmental Consultant.
o Record the abandonment on site plans and include in project report.

11) Tanks and piping systems once transported to the designated destruction location should be
cut into pieces and disposed of in accordance with local regulations for scrap steel or other
tank waste materials. The tanks will be cut in such a way that it is impossible that some of the
resulting pieces can contain flammable gases/vapors.

o A cold cut method shall be the preferred method of tank demolition of removed
UST tanks. Should a contractor request they use torch cutting for tank
demolition, the contractor must submit to the Company’s Country HES Specialist
for review and approval a procedure/guideline for the hot cutting demolition of the
tanks. That procedure must include how the tank is to be purged, water washed
or other wised clean up, gas tested and how the actual torch cutting shall be

UST System Removal

Written documentation and photographic records establishing the final disposal

of the tank and piping system pieces shall be provided to the Environmental
Contractor to include in the Environmental Conditions Report.