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Steel Project #1 RBS-Connection April 2012

Team 2

RBS Design considerations per AISC 358-10


1. Overall Requirements for RBS Connections
 RBS connections pre-qualified for use in SMF and IMF Systems
 Beam and column limitations per AISC 358-10 5.3.1 and 5.3.2
 Beam-column relationships per AISC 358-10 5.4
Panel zones limited per AISC 341-10 2.6 for SMF
Column-beam moment ratio limited per AISC 341-10 E3.4a
 Beam flange to column flange welds per AISC 358-10 5.5
Must be CJP welds in conformance with Section I2.3 of AISC 341-10
Weld access hole geometry shall conform to AISC 360-10 J1.6
 Beam web to column flange connection per AISC 358-10 5.6
Required web connection strength based on probable beam strength per AISC 358-10 5.8-9
For SMF, must use CJP weld extending between flange weld access holes. Shear plate permitted as backing with 3/8" minimum
thickness. Holes for erection bolts are O.K.
Note: AISC 358-05 is based on post-Northridge Earthquake research and testing conducted by SAC Joint Venture, University of Texas as
well as the provisions of FEMA 350.
All the quantities are in inch, kips unit.
2. Loads, Cross Section Properties and Dimension Summary
Beam flange width: bbf  15.0 Yielding stress: Fy  50
Beam depth: d  30.4
Ultimate stress: Fu  65
Beam flange thickness: tbf  1.0625
Beam Plastic modulus: Zcx  607 ϕ  1.0 (AISC 358-10 2.4.1 (a))
Column flange width: bcf  16.25
Ry  1.1 ( AISC 341-10 Table A3_1)
Column depth: dc  17.125
Uniform distributed DEAD load: Wd  0.0857
Column distance T: Tc  10 Uniform distributed LIVE load: Wl  0.0571

Web Flange Distance


Area, Depth, Thickness, tw Width, Thickness, k Workable
Shape A d bf tf k1 T
tw 2 k des kdet Gage
2
in. in. in. in. in. in. in. in. in. in. in.
1
5 5 1 1 26 1
W30X173c 50.9 30.4 15 1 1.85 2 1 2 5
8 16 16 8 2
9 15
1 7 3 1 1 3 1 3  7 12  3
W14X311h 91.4 17 1 16 2 2.86 16 16 10
8 16 4 4 4
 
Compact Torsional
Axis X-X Axis Y-Y
Nominal Section Properties
Wt. Criteria rts h0
Shape I S r Z I S r Z J Cw
bf h
lb./ft. 2t f tw in.4 in.3 in. in.3 in.4 in.3 in. in.3 in. in. in.4 in.6
W30X173c 173 7.04 40.8 8230 541 12.7 607 598 79.8 3.42 123 4.03 29.3 15.6 129000
W14X311h 311 3.59 8.09 4330 506 6.88 603 1610 199 4.20 304 4.87 14.8 136 89100
 
Steel Project #1 RBS-Connection April 2012
Team 2

3. Beam Limitation Checking

Beams shall satisfy the following limitations:

1) Beams shall be rolled wide-flange or built-up I-shaped members conforming to the requirements of Section 2.3.
2) Beam depth is limited to W36 (W920) for rolled shapes. Depth of built-up sections shall not exceed the depth
permitted for rolled wide-flange shapes.
Beam used: W30 (OK)
3) Beam weight is limited to 300 lb/ft (447 kg/m).
Beam weight: 173lb/ft (OK)
4) Beam flange thickness is limited to 13/4 in. (44 mm).
Thickness used: 1.07” (OK)
5) The clear span-to-depth ratio of the beam shall be limited as 7 or greater.
Span-to-depth ratio used: 10.36 (OK)
6) Width-to-thickness ratios for the flanges and web of the beam shall conform to the requirements of the AISC
Seismic Provisions.
Bf /2t f = 52/vFy. 15/(2*1.07)=7.01 = 52/v50=7.35 (OK)
7) Lateral bracing of beams shall be provided in conformance with the AISC Seismic Provisions. Supplemental
lateral bracing shall be provided near the reduced section in conformance with the AISC Seismic Provisions for
lateral bracing provided adjacent to the plastic hinges.
8) The protected zone shall consist of the portion of beam between the face of the column and the end of the
reduced beam section cut farthest from the face of the column.

4. Column Limitation Checking

1) Columns shall be any of the rolled shapes or built-up sections permitted in Section 2.3.
2) The beam shall be connected to the flange of the column.
3) Rolled shape column depth shall be limited to W36 (W920) maximum. The depth of built-up wide-flange
columns shall not exceed that for rolled shapes.Flanged cruciform columns shall not have a width or depth
greater than the depth allowed for rolled shapes. Built-up box-columns shall not have a width or depth
exceeding 24 in. (610 mm). Boxed wide-flange columns shall not have a width or depth exceeding 24 in.
(610 mm) if participating in orthogonal moment frames.
Column used: W14x311 (OK)
4) There is no limit on the weight per foot of columns.
5) There are no additional requirements for flange thickness.
6) Width-to-thickness ratios for the flanges and web of columns shall conform to the requirements of the AISC
Seismic Provisions.
7) Lateral bracing of columns shall conform to the requirements of the AISC Seismic Provisions.
Steel Project #1 RBS-Connection April 2012
Team 2

5. Step1 : Flange cut parameters per AISC 358-10 5.8

0.5bbf =< a =< 0.75b bf


0.65d=< b =< 0.85d (AISC 358-10 5.8-1~3)
0.1bbf =< c =< 0.25b bf
0.5 bbf  7.5 0.75 bbf  11.25
0.65 d  19.76 0.85 d  25.84
Use a  9 b  22
Assuming this percentage of flange removed

c  0.2bbf  3

2 2
4 c  b
R   21.7 (AISC 358-10 5.3.1 Figure 1)
8 c

Plastic hinge assumed to occur at the center of the curved cut such that
Figure 1. Flange cut parameters
b
Sh  a   20 ( See Figure 2)
2

Distance between plastic hinges used to determine forces for joint analysis
8000
L   315
25.4

dc  17.125

dc
Ll  L  2  Sh   266.4
2
Figure 2. Definition of Sh parameter

Figure 3. Distance between plastic hinges


Steel Project #1 RBS-Connection April 2012
Team 2

6. Step 2: Determine Ze at RBS per AISC 358-10 5.8

Ze  Zcx  2  c tbf  ( d  tbf )  420

7. Step 3: Determine probable maximum moment strength at RBS per AISC 358-10 5.8
Fy  Fu
Cpr   1.15 (AISC 358-10 2.4.3-2)
2  Fy

Mpr  Cpr  Ry Fy Ze  26563.32 (AISC 358-10 2.4.3-1)

Note Mpr must be limited such that the projected moment demand at the face of the columnn MF
is less thatn the expected strength of the full beam section. This is verified below.

8. Step 4: Determine shear at center of the RBS


2Mpr ( 0.5Wl  1.2Wd)Ll
V1    216.9 (AISC 358-10 C-5.8- 1)
Ll 2
2Mpr ( 0.5Wl  1.2Wd) Ll
V2    181.9 (AISC 358-10 C-5.8- 2)
Ll 2

Figure 4. Free body diagram to compute


shear at center of RBS

9. Step 5: Determine probable maximum moment at the face and center of colum(AISC 358-10 5.8-6)

Mf1  Mpr  V1  Sh  30901.9


Mf2  Mpr  V2  Sh  30201.8

Mpb1  Mpr  V1   Sh 
dc 
  32759.3
 2 

Mpb2  Mpr  V2   Sh 
dc 
  31759.5
 2 

Figure 5. Free body diagram to estimate


probable maximum moment at the face of
10. Step 6: Expected plastic moment capacity of the beam (gross section) the column

Mpe  Zcx Ry Fy  33385 (AISC 358-10 5.8-7)

11. Step 7: Check that Mf does not exceed Mpe

ϕ Mpe  33385 (AISC 358-10 5.8-8)

Conclusion : moment checking at the face of column flange is satisfied


Steel Project #1 RBS-Connection April 2012
Team 2

12. Step 8: Check shear strength

Deternime the required shear strength, Vu, of beam and beam web to column connection:

2  Mpr
Vu   ( 1.2 Wd  0.5 Wl)  ( Sh)  202.1 (AISC 358-10 5.8-9)
Ll

Checking design shear strength of beam: (AISC Specification G2-1)

E  29000 Kv  5 h  26.5 tbw  0.625 Aw  h  tbw  16.6

h Kv E
 42.4 1.1  59.2 so Cv  1.0
tbw Fy

Vn  0.6 Fy Aw Cv  496.9

Conslusion : design shear capacity is bigger than required, satisfied.

13. Step 9: Design beam web-to-column flange connection

If a CJP welded web is used no further calculations are required.

The required shear strength of the beam web connection shall be determined according to Step 8 

Web connection details shall be limited as follows:


The beam web shall be connected to the column flange using a CJP groove weld extending between weld access
holes. The single plate shear connection shall extend between the weld access holes as shown in Figure 5.1. The
single plate shear connection shall be permitted to be used as backing for the CJP groove weld. The thickness of
the plate shall be at least 3/8 in. (10 mm). Weld tabs are not required at the ends of the CJP groove weld at the
beam web. Bolt holes in the beam web for the purpose of erection are permitted.

14. Step 10: Check Continuity plate requirements

The thichness of the column flange should be noe less than the two quantities below:

0.4 1.8bbf  tbf  2.1 (AISC 341-10 E3-8)


bbf
 2.5 (AISC 341-10 E3-9)
6
While tcf  2.25

One of the requirements are violated, so continuity plates are needed.


Requirements are elaborated in AISC 341-10 E3, 6f. (2) &(3)
Steel Project #1 RBS-Connection April 2012
Team 2

Contuinity Plate Thickness


For one-side connections, continuity plate thickness shall be at least one-half of the thickness of the beam flange, which is
0.5 tcf  1.1
We use the thickness of continuity plate as
1.1
Continuity Plate Welding
Continuity plates shall be welded to column flanges using CJP groove welds.
Continuity plates shall be welded to column webs using groove welds.

15. Step 11: Check column panel (AISC 341-10 E3.6e.)


zone
Panel Zone Thickness Checking

dz  d  2  tbf  28.3 wz  26.5


( dz  wz)
 0.6 (AISC 341-10 E3-7.)
90
tbw  0.6 t  tbw

Required Shear Strength Checking

Required Shear Strength of the pane l

Vpanel  V1  ( 1.2 Wd  0.5 Wl)  Sh  219.6

Design Shear Strength


3
Agc  91.4 Py  Fy Agc  4.6  10 tcw  1.4375

Pc  Py ϕv  1.0
Computation of Pr
Assuming that the loads in the problem do not include the overstrenght factor:
1.2Wd  0.5Wl  3.0EQ (Load Combination: ASCE 7-10 12.4.3.2.)

Pr  828.5 (From Sap 2000 Analysis)

Checking this result with the maximum compression force that can be developed in the column due to the maximum shear capacity
we have:
From Step 8, Vu = 202.1 Pu = 3 x 202.1 = 606.3

This last result lead us to say that the EQ load in the statement of the problem, already include the overstrength
factor.
Therefore, the Pr will be:
Pr = 488 (From Sap 2000 Analysis without 3.0 in the
combination)
 3  bcf  tcf 
2

Rn  0.6 Fy dc tcw 1    894.1 (AISC Specification J10-9/10)
Rn  0.6Fy dc tcw  738.5  d  dc tcf 
Steel Project #1 RBS-Connection April 2012
Team 2

Conservatively , we use smaller Rn, which is:


ϕv Rn  738.5
Mf1 3
Ru   1.1  10
d  tbf Ru is larger than ϕv Rn, so doubler plate is need.

Required Shear Force from doubler plate:

 Ru  Mf1   ϕv Rn  90.5


 3500 
 
 25.4 

Calculation of the thickness of doubler plate (no less than tow below):

 Ru  Mf1   ϕv Rn


 3500  
  
 25.4    0.3
[ 0.6 ( ϕv Fy Tc) ]

( dz  wz)
 0.6
90 (AISC 341-10 E3-7.)
The thickness of doubler plate is 0.6

16. Step 12: Check column-beam moment ratio (Strong col-weak beam) (AISC 341-10 E3.4a)

Mpc  2   Fy    Zcx  5  104


Pr
 
 Agc  
Mpb  Mpb1
Mpc
 1.5
Mpb which is more than unity, then strong column weak beam is
satisfied
17. Step 13: Column Splices Checking (AISC 341-10 E3.6g.)
Column splices shall comply with the requirements of Section D2.5. Where welds are used to make the
splice, they shall be complete-joint-penetration groove welds.

18. Step 14: Protected Zone Checking (AISC 341-10 E3.6c)


Satisfy the requirements of Section D1.3
Discontinuities specified in Section I2.1 resulting from fabrication and erection procedures and from other
attachments are prohibited in the area of a member or a connection element designated as a protected zone by
these Provisions or ANSI/AISC 358.

19. Step 15: Lateral Bracing Checking (AISC 341-10 E3.4b)

Beams shall be braced to satisfy the requirements for highly ductile members in
Section D1.2b.
The required strength of stability bracing provided adjacent to plastic hinges shall be
as required by Section D1.2c.
Steel Project #1 RBS-Connection April 2012
Team 2