Introduction to the Kolkata Port | Shipping | Industries


Port Visit Report
[20th Sept to 22nd Sept, 2010]
Under the Supervision of Dr.Rajendra Prasad Sharma,IIFT

Naveen Gupta (27)||Praveen Kumar G(31)||Ritika Yadav(35)|| Shilpa Phadke(45)||Utkarsh Pandey(53)||Zia Zafar Mohammad(56)

[Type the company name] 1/1/2010

Chapter 1: Kolkata Port Visit
Introduction to the Kolkata Port 1. Background: Kolkata Port is the gateway to Eastern India for the rest of the world. This is the first Major Port in India, whose appearance in the map of the maritime world dates back to the year 1870 and this is the 137th year of its existence. It is the oldest operating port in India, having originally been constructed by the British East India Company. In the 19th century Kolkata Port was the premier port in British India. After independence its importance decreased because of factors including the Partition of Bengal (1947), reduction in size of the port hinterland and economic stagnation in eastern India. In the 21st century due to the East Indian economic recovery and infrastructure improvements, the port grew swiftly to become the nation's third largest container port. It was one of India's fastest growing ports in 2004-05. Kolkata Port is the only riverine major port in India, situated 232 kms upstream from the Sandheads. It has one of the longest navigational channels in the world. In the 87 kms stretch from Sandheads to Saugor, vessels are guided through Vessel Traffic Management System (VTMS) of the Kolkata Port Trust. Thereafter, at Saugor, the Pilots embark the vessels for pilotage, from where the distance of HDC and KDS are 41 kms and 143 kms, respectively. Being a riverine port, its problems and features are unique and cannot be compared with other Ports of India. Kolkata Port has two dock systems - Kolkata Dock System at Kolkata with the oil wharves at Baj Baj and a deep water dock system at Haldia Dock Complex, Haldia for sea borne trade. It has the most sophisticated port facilities with extensive storage facility for diverse cargo. With a modern computerised container terminal, Kolkata port offers a very customer friendly approach. Haldia Dock Complex (HDC), a modern dock complex of Kolkata Port Trust, came into existence in 1977 for handling large vessels, carrying bulk cargo with optimum economy, keeping Kolkata Dock System (KDS) primarily for handling break bulk cargo, container etc. Two dock systems of Kolkata Port viz. KDS and HDC are complementary to each other. Kolkata Port has a vast hinterland, comprising the entire Eastern India including West Bengal, Bihar, UP, MP, Assam, North East Hill States and the two landlocked neighbouring countries viz. Nepal and Bhutan. The industrial development, commerce and trade of this vast hinterland are inseparably linked to the life and development of Kolkata Port and vice-versa. 2. Organisational Structure:

KDS is connected with NH-6. There are 14 Departments in KDS functioning under the respective HODs and 10 Divisions in HDC functioning under two General Managers viz. Kolkata Port is connected to National Waterway No. He is responsible for the total administration and management of the Port including KDS and HDC. NH-2 and NH-34 through city roads. HDC is connected to the South Eastern Railway via Panskura.1 (Ganga). Chairman (K) and Dy. Chairman (H) are responsible for the day-to-day management of the affairs of KDS and HDC. National Waterway No.The Chairman is the executive head of the Port Trust and also the Chairman of the Board of Trustees. General Manager (M&S) and General Manager (Operations). respectively.2 (Brahmaputra) and Waterways through Sundarban. . NH-41 connects Haldia with NH-6 and rest of the country. railways and national waterways. Dy. Connectivity: Kolkata Port is well connected with national and state highways. PORT Physical structure: 1. KDS is connected to Eastern Railway through Sealdah and Budge Sections.

2. The total pilotage distance to KDS is 221 km (comprising 148 km in river and 75 km in sea) and for HDC is 121 km (comprising 46 km in river and 75 km in sea). Dock Systems at Kolkata Port: The Kolkata Port Trust manages two separate dock agglomerations . 88° 18' 5" E — about 203 km (126 miles) upstream from the sea. sandbars etc) no sea-going vessel above 200 GRT is allowed to navigate without a qualified pilot of the Kolkata Port Trust.S. On reaching Garden Reach. the river pilot is relieved by a Harbour Pilot who takes the vessel inside the lock at KPD or NSD under the supervision of ASST. Docks) : 18 Berths. DOCK MASTER. Its responsibility is up to Garden Reach (Kolkata). Saugor Road 2.P. Pilotage: Due to the constraints of the river (like silting. 88°06 E — 60 kilometres away from the pilotage station. Haldia dock complex (HDC): It is situated at 22°02' N. there are around 80 major riverine jetties. b.P and . Then a BERTHING MASTER goes on board to relive the H. The River Pilot embarks on inbound ships at Middleton Point. The complex consists of:     Impounded Dock. The pilot vessel station is maintained at Sagar Roads. Haldia Anchorage for LASH vessels All the docks are impounded dock systems with locks from river. and many minor jetties. The pilotage station is at Gasper/ Saugor roads. Sandheads Apart from this. 6 Buoys / Moorings and 3 Dry Docks Netaji Subhas Docks (N. a. 3. Docks): 10 Berths.the Kolkata Dock System (KDS) and the Haldia Dock Complex (HDC). 2 Buoys / Moorings and 2 Dry Docks Budge Budge River Moorings : 6 Petroleum Wharves Anchorages: Diamond Harbour — 1. 145 Kilometres to the south of the KDS (around 58 km from the sea). System with 12 Berths 3 Oil Jetties in the River 3 Barge Jetties in the River for handling Oil carried by Barges. The system consists of:     Kidderpore Docks (K. Kolkata Dock System (KDS): It is situated on the left bank of the Hooghly River at 22° 32' 53" N. and a large number of ship breaking berths.

A container terminal. Containers are handled at Haldia using the ship's gear operated by port workers. The major share (about 95%) of container traffic flowing through Kolkata Dock System (KDS) is carried by feeder ships with either Colombo. Container Handling at Port Kolkata Port was the first in the country to develop modern container handling facilities in order to keep pace with the global technological advancement in the field of transportation. tractor/trailer combination and a Container Freight Station. was licensed at HDC in 1977. 1992.S..S.E.K. Ceylon Shipping Corporation. . contiguous of 7 NSD. Evergreen Marine Corporation.L. Mediterranean Shipping Corporation. at Kolkata Port are American President Line. NYK Lines. or Singapore. Compagnie Maritime Affreightment.B. The reputed container operators. moved to and from the stacking yard and stacked/unstacked at the container yard by equipment of various agencies. Fil Container Services. P&O Containers Ltd. OPERATIONS 1. around 33 percent of the traffic is handled at the terminal and rest 67% at other berths of NSD & KPD where yard operation is done by private operators.pilotage the vessel up to the scheduled berth KPD / NSD. and the rest are covered by Combi-ships. with quay crane and rail mounted gantry crane. Handling at parking yard is done by port transfer crane or private equipment. has been constructed. Maersk. Another terminal berth at 8 NSD. Nedlloyd. Hapag Llyod..B /D. Yanming. Gold Star. Under the control of a berthing master the inward / outward vessel passes through D. Veb Deutfracht Seereedere Rostok. Frata Container Lines. Since the commissioning of the port run container terminal at 7 NSD on 18th February. Compagnie General Maritime. Llyod Triestino di Navigation. which is 80 feet narrow only. Mitsui O. Entire container traffic in Kolkata is presently handled by gear of the ships. Neptune Orient Line. as the connecting relay port.S. Everett. HDC presently handles around 7 % of total container throughput of Kolkata Port and rest is handled at Kolkata Dock System. United Arab Shipping. Movement between the quay and the container packing yard is carried out through Port-owned tractor/trailers and/or by private operators appointed by shipping companies or their agents.. Shipping Corporation of India.. Kawasaki Kisen Kaisha Ltd. Seven Star Lines.

Baleswar etc. Meanwhile. shellac. Ben Line. The Terminal has a dedicated on-line computer system equipped with 2 medium duty (8 T. Hyundai etc. jute and jute products. Wadi Bundar (Mumbai). Hu undai.meters to 50. glass sheets and reefer cargo. ISO containers are also being moved by CONCOR from Kolkata to non ICD destinations at Raxaul. Mynmar Lines Nor Asia.) forklift trucks & 2 (35 T) toplift trucks. Meng Horne Shipping &aamp Myanmar Lines. Terminal at Kolkata can handle one full rake at a time. The annual throughput of the container terminal is 75. Ranchi and Patna. carpet materials. Bengal Tiger Lines. Few other private CFS-S (Eight in no. The stacking area is 50. cast iron goods.000 sq. Vessel operators at Kolkata include American President Lines. carpet chemicals etc. along with a CFS measuring 9.) are engaged in export operation. Euroasia.000 sq. cotton products. customs approved public CFS-S a/c Central Warehousing Corporation and Balmer Lawries have started operation. Principal commodities being carried in containers include tea. Ghaziabad. machinery. Kolkata/Haldia is presently linked with Inland Container Depots at Amingaon (Guwahati). iron & steel. Sea Consortium.Hanjin. 14 trailors of 40 ft length & 6 trailors of 20 inch length and reefer facilities which provide ground slot of 48 TEUs. aluminium ingot. m. NSCSA. List of Container Handling Facilities at KoDS Kolkata Dock System .5 stack high. tobacco. Durgapur. Choyang. Jamshedpur. Samuderi Indonesia. leather products.000 square meters parking yard of the terminal has 1284 ground slots with 3. 24.The container park and adjourning facilities are served by modern container handling equipment. including 3 rubber-tyred gantry cranes. 2. Ludhiana. Neptune Orient. Existing Container Terminal Facilities at Kolkata Dock System A modern Container Terminal has been built at 7 Netaji Subhas Dock at a cost of Rs. mica. All these places have got linkage with Kolkata/Haldia. Han Jin. 17 heavy duty tractors.37 crores. Tughlakabad.Container Corporation of India is considering developing CFS at Cuttack.000 TEUs. 3. Ongul. Cho Yang.

eastern side of 8 NSD berth and east of CFS.000 6. List of Container Handling Facilities at HDC Quay length (m) Apron Width (m) Depth (m) . Development of additional stacking area in the terminal thereby creating additional ground slots has been planned.000 - 3.S Storage Capacity No of Reefer Points (Can be extended if required) Stuffing/Destuffing done by *8 NSD 225 7 NSD 192 ** 4 NSD 5 NSD 183 3 KPD 128 18.000 9.24 7.F.5 15.6 8. Metre Covered Storage area in sq. Metre Maximum size of Ship to be accomodated Ground Slot Capacity Location C. b. Procurement of additional container handling equipment has been planned.800 15.8 50.72 12.3 8 7.3 7. 5.Item Quay length (m) Apron width (m) Depth along berth (m) Open area of berth in sq.5 48 X 3 565' X 80' 515' X 70' 515' X 70' 1200 4 NSD 2200 16 KoPT/Steve dores 300 1 KPD 600 3 KoPT/Steve dores 800 6 KPD 1600 KoPT/CDLB KoPT/Steve dores * Contiguous to 7 NSD with common book-up & CFS facilities ** Other facilities are common with those of 5 NSD 4.5 3.6 12.345 565' X 80' 1284+ 48 Reefer 7 NSD 1284 X 3. The area earmarked is old D NSD shed.29 6.300 6 KPD 118 15. Development Plans for Kolkata Dock System a.000 12.3 6.

7. (Behind Berth No. named after sandbars Jellingham and Auckland. 235 crore (US $ 48 million). construction of a southern guide wall. m.5 9. making the shipping channel shallow. The formation of sandbars. m. are 6. 10 Berth No.3 m respectively. capital dredging has been undertaken in the Indian Government's 9th plan for an estimated expenditure of Rs.3 m respectively at zero tide. (Behind Berth No 9) 10.1 metres and 6. 11) 1600 TEUs 30 tonnes Transtainer Crane (RMG) / Fork-lifts / Tractor-trailers / Top-lift trucks / Reach-stacker 12 (can be extended if required) Container Parking yard Equipments No of Reefer Points Maximum size of ship to be 3or more vessel can be berthed simultaneouosly along the accommodated Stuffing/Destuffing continuous Quay face of Berth No. 11 Covered Storage Area Open Storage Area Ground Slot Capacity of 220 220 260 37 37 37 13. In addition. the average low-tide height there.5 11.9 m and 4.300 sq. A Kolkata Port Trust survey found that the depths at the two locations had decreased to 3. silt trapping and river protection work. The approach from the north was blocked in 1986 due to the formation of sandbars or shoaling. 104 km downstream where the deep-water dock system of Kolkata Port is situated. It comprises "river training" measures. 9 Berth No. At two locations in the channel the depth is less than the minimum required for loaded cargo ships to navigate their way to the port in West Bengal from the Bay of Bengal. 10 and 11 (646 m) Done by Port labour 6. Crisis unfolding at Kolkata Port due to Sand bars: Silt deposits at the mouth of the Hooghly River have rendered Haldia port nearly unnavigable. m. With this the approach to the port from the south is in danger of getting blocked.Berth No. The ideal navigable depths at these two locations. including shore . largely due to inadequate dredging. Actions taken by the Port to curtail the threat: Maintenance dredging is now being carried out in the estuary of the river to provide better draft for Haldia.7 11.000 sq.000 sq. (Behind Berth No 10) 11. 9. has raised the riverbed. raising fears that India’s second largest container port might soon be shut down.

associated species and saltresistant varieties are grown.36 crores. The problem has now shifted to the channel from Diamond Harbour to Sandhead 157 km downstream. Around 200 hectares have been brought under the project.disposal. at a cost of Rs. Berths. help check soil erosion.07. .69 crores. yards.6. upgradation of VTMS. 13. respectively. River Regulatory Works Rs. The measures envisage a draft increase of one metre upon completion. action has already been initiated for construction of two riverine jetties at Haldia at an estimated cost of Rs. Reach Stackers. An ambitious investment programme of Rs. induction of state-of-theart equipment. Dredging alone cannot be the solution. Rail Mounted Quay Cranes. 2 at HDC has already been commissioned on 18. along with construction of a 2.67 crores projected in the 11th Five Year Plan (KDS – Rs.9 crores viz. such as Mobile Harbour Cranes. which are expected to be completed by November 2007 and May 2008.968.8 km long guide wall cross-spur at the northern end of Nayachar Island. the bars of the upper reaches 75 kms from Kolkata Port to Diamond Harbour downstream have stabilised considerably.86.  Order placed for improvement of infrastructural facilities at KDS. two additional berths – Berth no.278. Other Modernisation Initiatives: Kolkata Port has taken up various steps in the recently concluded 10th Five Year Plan and the ongoing 11th Five Year Plan aiming to reduce waiting of ships inside or outside the Ports. along with environmental upgradation. and development of roads including parking facility. Besides.. HDC – Rs. development of berths. With the commissioning of the Farakka barrage.05 crores) including modernisation. sheds etc. The scheme is expected to be completed by March 2008. at a cost of Rs.421. The port authorities have taken up a massive afforestation project at Nayachar Island in the downstream and the Haldia River bend. integrated development of infrastructure facilities including road / rail connectivity.16. River Regulatory Measures for improvement of draft at Hooghly estuary. EDI etc. The port authorities now claim that the draft had increased to above 7m on 157 days in 2001-2002 against 104 days in 2000-2002 at Kolkata dock system and above 8m for 280 days at Haldia in 2001-2002 as against 246 days the previous year. RubberTyred Gantry Cranes. inter-alia. construction of Multipurpose Berths with improvement of back-end facilities. Kolkata Port Trust also plans to develop two state-ofthe-art IWT terminals – one each at Kolkata and Haldia – jointly with IWAI as partner. Civic Infrastructure and Deepening of Channel:  In the impounded Dock System at Haldia. Afforestation. modernization of computer facilities. procurement of Survey-cumPilotage Craft. 2 and Berth no. encompassing. are being constructed. Tractor-Trailers. Berth No. in which different types of mangrove.93 crores. renovation and replacement is currently underway at Kolkata Port. 150 crores. etc.268.

is in advanced stage of completion. at a cost of Rs. PIB memo has been circulated by the Ministry.30 crores. etc. Floating Caisson Gate. Lock gates are generally used to bring in large ships in to the port where the draft is normally low. The scheme is expected to be completed by December 2007. A Working Group has been formed by Ministry of Shipping.25 crores. A Techno-Economic Feasibility Study has been completed. construction of three riverine jetties at Diamond Harbour at an estimated cost of Rs.421. The same has been accepted by the KoPT Board and proposal for in principle approval of the scheme by Public Private Participation Appraisal Committee (PPPAC) has already been forwarded to Ministry. of India) has been taken up.  Development of road infrastructure including drainage. 1. at an estimated cost of Rs. Lock Gate : Lock gate is the gate which connects the navigable river channel and the pork dock waters. (to be funded through grant from Govt. inside and outside docks at HDC.  River Regulatory Measures for Improvement of Draft at Hooghly Estuary. It is a mechanism of adjusting/maintaining the port draft separating it from the river draft. is in advanced stage of completion.06 crores.4 crores. Types of Lock Gates: Images from left to right: Flap Gate – Propped. The scheme is expected to be completed by Dec’07. Another scheme relating to infrastructure facilities inside and outside dock systems (PhaseII) at KDS including revamping workshop facilities has been sanctioned by the Board of Trustees at a cost of Rs.  Improvement of back up area with railway connectivity inside the dock at HDC. 27. The scheme is awaiting PIB / CCEA clearance.  In order to avail of higher draft in the navigable channel. Sliding Gate. at a cost of Rs. Road Transport and Highways to examine the territorial issues.360 crores has been initiated.  Offers have been received regarding the Expression of Interest (EOI) invited for transloading of dry bulk cargo at Sandheads / Konica Sand Anchorage. Intermediate Gate – Lambda .

Sector gates are usually installed in small locks often at an entrance to a marina. with the thickness of the hull included. Mitre gates are one of the oldest types of gate. Flap gates are usually provided with buoyancy tanks to minimise the operating load on the winches or hydraulic rams. As a gravity-stabilised gate. so they can be used for sluicing. We have developed the inverted ‘T’ shaped floating gate design especially for very wide shipbuilding docks. Larger gates are usually installed in modern ship repair docks where speed of operation is important. where they are only required to resist water pressure from one direction. They are installed in pairs or as a single gate and actuated by hydraulic rams which rotate them on a vertical axis. there is no limit to entrance width it can be designed for. Generally the gates comprise either inverted ‘Y’ or Lambda shaped modular steel units which are erected ‘in the dry’ at fixed locations on the dock floor. Flap gates can be designed to either span an entrance (up to around 80m) or are cantilevered or propped off the sill. Because they have to be pumped out. larger modern examples are fabricated in steel. Intermediate gates are used in large dry docks to subdivide the dock into two sections. they are arranged in pairs and hinge on vertical axis. These caissons are usually moved using winches with continuous chains or wire ropes. The widest at present is 131m. Sliding and rolling caisson gates are generally used for large ship locks and are opened by withdrawing them into a chamber on one side of the lock entrance. They are used particularly in small canal locks.Flap gates are supported by hinges to the entrance sill of a dock or basin and are opened by lowering them down into the water so they lie on the seabed below the sill. Historically constructed in timber. and resist a water head on either side and hence protect against high tides and storm surges. floated and manoeuvred. The caisson is lightly ballasted so it can be slid or rolled on a track to and from its closed position across the entrance. they are not generally considered for modern ship repair docks. This type of gate can be used to maintain water levels in a wet dock during low tide. Floating caisson gates are one of the most common forms of dock gate. DRAFT The draft of a ship's hull is the vertical distance between the waterline and the bottom of the hull (keel). in the case of not being included the draft . A particularly economic form of gate design. The unique feature of this gate is that it can be fully maintained while in service. but used mainly for shipbuilding dock entrances where the time to open and close the gate is not critical. used as impounding gates in ports and dry dock entrance gates. Their two main advantages are that they can be operated when there is a water head differential across.

D. K.6 crores (approx).5 crores.P. The density of the water (salt or fresh) and the content of the ship's bunkers has to be taken into account. Reach Stackers (two already delivered).32 crores. Parameters Designed Draft Quay Length Dock Width Equipment and Craft Profile:  Two Mobile Harbour Cranes along with nine Reach Stackers have been installed at Kolkata Dock System on Own-Operate-Maintain basis. Docks -I 40 feet 2700 feet 600 feet K. Upgradation / replacement of three Radar Stations with replacement / renovation of infrastructure facilities including installation / commissioning of AIS at Frasergunj and Haldia have also been completed in August 2006.  Five Rubber Tyred Gantry (RTG) Cranes at Kolkata Port (KDS-1.  A Stand Alone Vessel Traffic Management System (VTMS) along with Automatic Identification System (AIS) was installed in March 2005 at a cost of Rs. 8 m. . A table made by the shipyard shows the water displacement for each draft.P. HDC-4) have been inducted recently at a cost of Rs.S.  Additional equipment fleet viz.50 crores. for improvement of productivity of containers.27. at a cost of Rs.outline would be obtained. Hydraulic Cranes.C. are being procured at KDS at a cost of Rs. have been commissioned at Haldia Dock Complex recently. Docks –II 40 feet 4500 feet 400 feet N. Docks 40 feet 4200 feet H.  Two Rail Mounted Quay Cranes (RMQC) for Container handling. Draft determines the minimum depth of water a ship or boat can safely navigate. The draft can also be used to determine the weight of the cargo on board by calculating the total displacement of water and then using Archimedes' principle. RTG Cranes. Tractor-Trailer combination etc.

where filed. However. Thus no comptist is required in EDI system. chapter and sections notes etc. In the non-EDI system alongwith the bill of entry filed by the importer or his representative.Chapter 2: Guest Lectures Export-Import Documentation & their processing etc. 2. Export-Import Process 1. physical examination may be ordered by the senior officers/investigation wing like SIB. 6. but the importer is required to file a cargo declaration having prescribed particulars required for processing of the entry for customs clearance. . of Customs. if there are specific doubts regarding description or quantity of the goods. a lot of other documents are also generally required. the system itself gives the extent of exemption under that notification and calculates the duty accordingly. in rare cases. the system also supplies useful information for calculation of duty. The Bill of entry. Only marks and number are to be checked in such cases. it automatically applies relevant rate of exchange in force while calculating. when a particular exemption notification is accepted. he may raise a query. The assessing officer processes the cargo declaration on screen with regard to all the parameters as given above for manual process. 3. Similarly. Stages for processing a bill of entry Assessment of duty essentially involves proper classification of the goods imported in the customs tariff having due regard to the rules of interpretations. and on the body of the bill of entry the purpose for which it will be used is generally mentioned in the non-EDI declaration. for example. Mukherjee. Subrata Bill of Entry – Cargo Declaration If the goods are cleared through the EDI system no formal Bill of Entry is filed as it is generated in the computer system. If assessing officer needs any clarification from the importer. 5. Supdtt. They have to make a declaration in the declaration form at the time of filing of bill of entry. In addition. different copies meant for different purposes and also given different colour scheme. 7. all the calculations are done by the system itself. The appraisement is done as per normal procedure except that there would be no physical examination of the goods. by Mr. The query is printed at the service centre and the party replies to the query through the service centre. 4. 8. and determining the duty liability. It means clearance of goods is done without routine examination of the goods. is to be submitted in a set. Green Channel: Some major importers have been given the green channel clearance facility.. However in EDI system.

For example. Promotional Activities: .e. a non-profit making organization. Mr. Mumbai. goods which have been cleared. amendments of entry is carried out with the approval of Deputy/Assistant Commissioner. Amendment of Bill of Entry: Whenever mistakes are noticed after submission of documents. Amendment in document may be permitted even after the goods have been given out of charge i. CAPEXIL: Export promotion efforts by trade promotion councils: A case study by Mr. if the amendment of container number is required. CAPEXIL sends trade delegation to all major and developing markets around the world. The production is made under the supervision of customs or excise authority. CAPEXIL is an ardent advocate of exporters to the Government and the primary focus is to provide export assistance to its member exporters. for availing duty free assessment or concessional assessment under different schemes and notifications. 10. showcases Indian exports all over the world through exhibitions. And since then has been the voice of Indian business community. a letter from shipping agent is required. Execution of Bonds: Wherever necessary. Capexil can help the sourcing needs of an importer anywhere in the world. fairs. and regional offices at New Delhi. on sufficient proof being shown to the Deputy/Assistant Commissioner. These have to be executed in prescribed forms before the assessing Appraiser. With the headquarters at Kolkata. execution of end use bonds with Bank Guarantee or other surety is required to be furnished. a domestic manufacturer can import machinery and plant without paying Customs duty or settling at a concessional rate of Customs duty.9. CAPEXIL has more than 3500 members across the country. Against this the manufacturer is allowed to import goods without paying any customs duty. 11. Tapan Chattopadhyay. Kolkata and Chennai. and also the selling needs of Indian exporters. CAPEXIL. was setup in March 1958 by the Ministry of Commerce. even if he obtains it from the domestic market without excise duty. The request for amendment may be submitted with the supporting documents. Suppose the Importer avails 5% concessional rate of Customs Duty then his export obligation may be six times exports of CIF value of the machinery. Government of India to promote export of Chemical and Allied Products from India. Manufacture under Bond: This scheme furnishes a bond with the manufacturer of adequate amount to undertake the export of his production. One of the fascinating aspects of CAPEXIL is the overwhelming variety of products it deals with. Export Promotion Capital Goods Scheme (EPCG): According to this scheme. 12.

Processed Minerals 16. 8. Paints and Allied Products 13. 7. undertake the following activities throughout the year: Participates in general and product specific international trade fairs ● Organizes Buyer Seller Meets and Trade Delegations abroad ● Organizes buyer contact programmes in India popularly termed as Reverse buyer Seller Meets ● Awareness Programmes. Plywood and Products 15. Miscellaneous Products 11. 3.CAPEXIL in its continuous endeavour to promote the business activities of its members. 4. Paper and Products 14. Ossein and Gelatine 12. Natural Stones and Products Graphite and Explosives 10. 6. Seminars and other activities in India to build awareness and to boost entrepreneurs in the area of exports ● Acts as a forum for representation of the trade related issues and acts as a liaison between the exporting community and the government. Rubber Manufactured Products . policy planners. 5. 2. Publications and Printing Bulk Minerals and Ores Cement and Clinkers Ceramics and Refractory’s Glass and Glassware Granite. Marble. quasi government organizations ● Liaisons with Indian Diplomatic Missions abroad and Foreign Diplomatic Missions in India for promotion of business events and other activities ● Facilitates short term training courses on International Marketing Products 1. 9. Animal By Products Auto Tyres and Tubes Books.

however. inserted and distributed (usually mailed) and copies must be filed by the originating organisation. data is entered into the buyer's computer system. Computers have speeded up the production of invoices. a purchase order between a buyer and a seller. Dissemination of trade contacts and enquiries EDI Electronic data interchange (EDI) is the inter-organisational exchange of business documents in structured. Organizing export awareness programmes. Payments carried out over EDI are usually referred to as Electro. shipping bills. The originals must be physically transported to the addressee. receiving advices and other standard business correspondence between trading partners. 5. Indispensable information gateway and helping hand for exporters. 2. machine processable form.g. phone or in-person delivery with electronic transmission. opened. An interface between the government and the members regarding trade and policy related matters such as DEPB. EDI can also be used to transmit financial information and payments in electronic form. Banking etc.nic Funds Transfer (EFT). purchase orders. This is normally . In EDI. But it should be seen not as an "end" but as a means to streamline procedures and improving efficiency and productivity. Electronic data Interchange can be used to electronically transmit documents such as purchase orders. When these documents are produced by high speed printers.Services Offered 1. Organizing Buyer Contact Programmes Participation in National and International Trade Fairs and Exhibitions Financial Assistance to members through Market Development Assistance (MDA) Scheme and Market Access Initiative (MAI) Scheme for participation in international exhibitions. invoices. 4. receiving tickets and the like. 3. they still must be bursted. 7. which actually means manually keying the data into an MIS system. Duty Drawback. in the place of traditional methods for the transmission of for e. buyer-seller meets 6. the same data is electronically sent into the seller's computer without the need for rekeying or re-entry. carried to the appropriate individual within the addressee organization and processed. seminars and workshops Excellent liaison with government and quasi government agencies including Indian diplomatic missions abroad 8.EDI should not be viewed as simply a way of replacing paper documents and traditional methods of transmission such as mail.

. but data also flows electronically between internal applications of each of the trading partners. not only does data flow electronically between trading partners without the need for rekeying.referred to as application -to-application EDI. When EDI is fully integrated with application programs.

Falta. SEZ for specific sector a. The size of these EPZ’s is given as below.16 Gujarat N. Minimum size required is 100 Hectares b.41 AP 0.17 Mumbai 0. Lengthy procedures. Location Kandla SEEPZ Cochin Surat Noida Chennai Vizag Falta State Size (Sq Miles) Gujarat 1. Location disadvantages. Inadequate Infrastructure b. Based on reviews of working. These EPZ were of very small size which was a major problem with SEZ policies in India at that time. 2. a. The first such EPZ was set up in Kandla in 1965 followed by SEEPZ in 1972. Restrictive policies c.44 Other problems which prevailed at that time were.A UP 0. e. such initiatives were further taken in Cochin. c. Minimum size of processing area should be 50 percent.NO single window d.15 Kerela 0. Contiguous area is required. Madras (Chennai) and NOIDA in 1984 and Vizag in 1989.” History of SEZ in India Export promoting zones were first set up in India. Stringent labour laws Formats in SEZ 1.48 TN 0.56 WB 0. SEZ in port/airport .Chapter 3: Manikanchan SEZ Visit SEZ can be defined as “Specifically delineated duty-free enclave and shall be deemed to be foreign territory for the purposes of trade operations and duties and tariffs.

Minimum size required is 100 Hectares b. c. Regulations to be framed by RBI. b. Biotech. The government of West Bengal has drawn plans to commercially exploit this industry and increase its reserve of foreign exchange. International Financial Services centre. GOI may approve the setting up of 1 IFSC in each SEZ. Minimum size of processing area should be 50 percent. Manikanchan SEZ: Salient points Manikanchan SEZ is a unique project of the state of West Bengal which serves to tap the immense growth potential of the Gem and Jewellery industry of West Bengal. 6. Minimum built up space (for IT SEZ) should be 100. May be set up as a part of an SEZ for multi products. Contiguous area is required. Contiguous area is required. Contiguous area is required. Minimum size of processing area should be 50 percent. May be set up as a part of an SEZ for specific sector.a. c. Minimum size required is 40 Hectares. a. Minimum size is 10 Hectares b. Minimum built up space (for IT SEZ) should be 100. c. SEZ in specific sectors in specific states a.m. IRDA and other relevant agencies. 3. SEZ for free trade and warehousing a. Minimum size required is 100 Hectares b.000 sq. SEZ for IT. e. SEBI. Minimum size of processing area should be 50 percent. c. 5. Contiguous area is required. b.m. Non conventional Energy or Gems or Jewellery a. d. .000 sq. with an area not exceeding Zone area. d. 4.

the percentage of tax exemption after the completion of total 7 years will be decided as per the section 10 A of the Income Tax Act. The responsibility to develop the project has been accorded to the West Bengal Industrial Development Corporation Limited (WBIDC).The idea of the establishment of special economic zones was initiated by the central government of India while re-examining the export-import policy of 1997-2000. . any commodity purchased from the Special economic zone is considered as an import in the Domestic Tariff Area (DTA) and vice versa. The projects resulted out of the collaboration between the government of West Bengal and the Commerce and Industries department. However. etc. will have its individual tariffs rules and the trading operations followed in the special economic zone is also different for example. for this purpose they need the prior approval of the Custom authorities. The term special economic zone incorporates the establishment of an duty-free enclave and the enclave will be not be considered as an Indian territory and therefore. The project has received the “in principle” approval of the central government of India. The park is situated at a strategic location near the International Airport in the city of Kolkata. electronic hardware technology park scheme. The special economic zone are created for a several purposes such as:          Process Assembling Manufacture of Silver Jewellery Repair Works Rendering of Services Manufacture of Platinum Jewellery Remaking Work Trading Activities Recondition Processes Manufacture of Gold Jewellery The first step towards accomplishment of the Manikanchan SEZ project is the development of the Gem and Jewellery Park at Salt Lake City in the state of West Bengal. software technology park scheme. The Manikanchan SEZ policy framed by the West Bengal government serves to provide fiscal as well as non-fiscal benefits to give the project an edge in the international gem and jewellery market. The special economic zones have the facility to subcontract the entire manufacturing procedure or apart thereof with the aid of a a number of zones such as export oriented units. However. The zones are facilitated with the opportunity to recover the amount of central sales tax payment made through the purchase of commodities.

capital goods and so on. The special economic zones are exempted from the payment of customs duty on the goods received from foreign countries. The special economic zones are in a position to take the help of off-shore banking units for International finance and at international rates. The main advantage of the special economic zones is that they are permitted to market the gems and jewelleries in exhibitions and can establish outlets in foreign countries to market the jewelleries and can also approach duty free shops for marketing purpose.They are allowed to shift their job work to foreign countries and are also allowed to carry on export trade from that country. The category of such exemption is applicable to spares parts. Process of a SEZ approval . There is special provision for capital goods that have been imported from outside will be liquidated gradually for a time span of 10 years.


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