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Important Topics
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Mains 2018
We updated this document last on September 01, 2018

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Contents
Introduction ........................................................................................... 1
GS 1 ......................................................................................................... 1
Society ....................................................................................................................................... 1
GS 2 ........................................................................................................2
Governance .............................................................................................................................. 2
International Relations .......................................................................................................... 4
Polity ......................................................................................................................................... 6
Social Justice............................................................................................................................ 6
GS 3 ....................................................................................................... 8
Disaster Management ............................................................................................................. 8
Economy ................................................................................................................................... 8
Environment .......................................................................................................................... 10
Security ................................................................................................................................... 11
Technology ............................................................................................................................. 11

Introduction

 These topics are important because they appeared in news in past 1 year.
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GS 1

Society

 Salient features of Indian Society
o Child Custody - Hague Convention
o Steps taken for Sports Development by Indian Government
 Women
o Age of consent
o Gender-based laws: a double-edged sword
o Gender Equality
o Gender Parity in Armed Forces
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o Marital Rape
o Sabrimala Temple Entry Case
o Sexual Harassment at Workplace
o Status of Women and their Political presence in local bodies
o Triple Talaq Issue
o Women Reservation in Legislature
 Population
o Birth Control Measures
o Two-child policy norm
 Urbanisation
o India needs smart Urbanisation
o National Urban Policy
o Slums
o Solid Waste Management
 Communalism etc
o Anti-Lynching Law
o Cow Slaughter Ban
o Regionalism
 Poverty
o Inequality : Various Reports

GS 2

Governance

 Aspects of Governance
o Aadhar
o Adultery : Section 497 of IPC
o Animals as legal entities
o Anti-Torture Law
o Child Adoptions
o Death penalty
o Dowry Cases: Section 498-A of IPC
o Haj Subsidy Issue
o Intra Party Democracy
o Legalise Gambling : Law Commission
o National Anthem in Cinema Halls
o Nomadic Tribes : Idate Commission
o Ordinance Power
o Padmaavat Ban Issue
o Removal of Archaic Laws
o Uniform Civil Code
 Transparency and Accountability
o RTI
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 Civil Society
o Civil Society and Good Governance
o NGO Foreign Funding - FCRA
o Role of Media
o Social Audits
 Role of Civil Services
o Civil Services Reforms
o Community Policing
o Police Reforms
 Committees
o AJ Paulraj committee
o Amitabh Kant Committee ( NPAs in India’s power sector)
o Arvind Panagariya Panel for Employment Data
o BCCI - Lodha Committee
o B N Srikrishna Committee (Arbitration)
o B N Srikrishna Committee (Data Protection)
o Jayant Sinha Committee (UAVs)
o Justice Malimath Committee
o K Kasturirangan Panel
o Lt Gen D B Shekatkar Committee
o Madhav Chitale Committee
o Manmohan Juneja Committee (CSR)
o N Chandrasekaran Committee
o P K Sinha Committee
o Rajesh Bindal Committee
o Rajiv Gauba Committee (Mob Lynching)
o Ravindra Dholakia Committee
o Sunil Mehta Committee (Stressed Assets)
o Suresh Mathur Committee
o T K Viswanathan Committee (Cyber Security)
o T K Viswanathan Committee (SEBI)
o Uday Kotak Committee (Companies Act)
o Umesh Sinha Committee (Social Media Campaign)
o Y H Malegam Committee
o Y.M. Deosthalee Committee
 Bills and Acts
o Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains (Amendment) Bill, 2017
o Arbitration and Conciliation (Amendment) Bill, 2018
o Assisted Reproductive Technology (Regulation) Bill - Surrogacy
o Banking Regulation (Amendment) Bill, 2017
o Bureau of Indian standards (BIS) Act 2016
o Central Road Fund (Amendment) Bill, 2017
o Consumer Protection Bill 2016
o Companies (Amendment) Bill, 2017
o Commercial Courts, Commercial Division and Commercial Appellate Division of
High Courts (Amendment) Bill, 2018
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o Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill, 2018
o Dam Safety Bill, 2018
o Draft Model Agricultural Produce and Livestock Contract Farming Act, 2018
o Financial Resolution and Deposit Insurance Bill, 2017
o FRBM Act
o Fugitive Economic Offenders Bill, 2018
o Higher Education Commission of India Act 2018 (Draft)
o Human Rights (Amendments) Bill, 2018
o Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (Amendment) Bill
o Labour Code on Wages Bill
o Motor Vehicles Bill
o Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Act
o NABARD (Amendment) Bill, 2017
o National Medical Commission Bill 2017
o NCTE (Amendment) Bill, 2017
o Negotiable Instruments (Amendment) Bill, 2017
o Prevention of Corruption (Amendment) Bill, 2018
o Prevention of Destruction of Public Property (PDPP) Amendment Bill
o Prohibition of Unlawful Assembly (Interference with the Freedom of Matrimonial
Alliances) Bill
o Representation of the People (Amendment) Bill, 2017
o Requisitioning and Acquisition of Immovable Property (Amendment) Bill, 2017
o Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016
o Right to Information (Amendment) Bill, 2018
o Space Activities Bill, 2017
o Specific Relief Act, 1963
o The DNA Based Technology (Use and Regulation) Bill, 2017
o The Scheduled Castes and Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989
o Trafficking of Persons (Prevention, Protection and Rehabilitation) Bill, 2018
o Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2016
o Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967

International Relations

o Global Issues
o China: Bipolar Asia
o China: Quadrilateral Meet
o Diaspora
o Global Hunger
o Indian Ocean : China's Underwater surveillance network
o Nuclear warheads status
o Refugee Problem
o South China Sea
o UK referendum - Brexit
o USA's new South Asia Policy
o USA Trade Barriers

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o USA quits UNHRC
o Venezuela : Hyperinflation
 International Institutes and Treaties
o G20 Summit 2017: Hamburg Action Plan
o Indian Ocean Region Politics
o NSG and India
o The Wassenaar Arrangement : India's membership
o WTO : e-Commerce issue
o WTO - Farm Subsidies
o WTO : India proposed new sub group
o WTO - India's Stand
o WTO : Women participation in Trade issue
o Outer Space Treaty - 50 years
 Multilateral
o AIIB : Analysis of 2 years
o ASEAN : Delhi Declaration
o ASEAN - India Relations
o Ashgabat agreement
o BBIN
o BIMSTEC
o BRICS 10th summit : Johannesburg Declaration
o BRICS - Xiamen declaration
o BRICS - 10 Noble Commitments
o CLMV countries
o Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting 2018 (CHOGM 2018)
o India-Commonwealth relations
o India-EU : Trade Pact Talks
o India-Latin America Relations
o RCEP
o Russia-India-China Summit
o India-SAARC Relations
o SCO-India : Relations
o West Asia-India dynamics
 Foreign Policy
o NAM in a tripolar world
o Raisina Dialogue 2018
 Bilateral
o Taliban Negotiations
o India-Afghanistan Relations
o India-Africa Relations
o India-Australia Relations
o India-Bangladesh Relations
o India-China Relations
o India-Iran Relations
o India-Israel Relations
o India-Pakistan Relations
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o India-Russia Relations
o India-US Relations

Polity

 Federal Issues
o Special Category States
 Legislature
o Anti-defection
o Criminalisation of Politics
o Delhi power tussle
o Lawyers and Parliamentarians
o Legislative Council in each state
o Speedy Trail of Politicians
 Executive
o Governor : Discretion
 Judiciary
o All-India Judicial Service
o Can court sessions be live-streamed?
o CJI as Master of Roaster
o District Courts : Revamp needed
o Inter-State Water Disputes : Mahadayi River Issue
o Inter-State Water Disputes : Mullaperiyar Dam Issue
o Judicial Appointment : Delays
o Lower judicial appointments
 Election - Representation of People Act
o SC Order : Allocation of cases in SC
o Deregistration of Political Party
o Electoral bonds
o Electoral Funding Amendments
o NOTA
o Proxy Voting for NRIs
o SC Verdict : Declaration of Assets
o Simultaneous elections
o Political Parties under RTI or Not
 Constitutional Bodies
o Finance Commission : Analysis
o State Finance Commission : Analysis
 Other Bodies
o FSSAI : B Sesikeran Committee
o NITI Ayog : 3 year action agenda

Social Justice

 SHG
o Role of SHGs in Domestic Violence

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 Schemes
o Pradhan Mantri Fasal Bima Yojna: Analysis
o Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) : Analysis
o Pradhan Mantri Jan Aarogya Abhiyan (PMJAA) : Analysis
o RISE Scheme and Role of HEFA
o RSBY : Scheme Analysis
o Saubhagya scheme : Analysis
o Swachh Bharat Mission Analysis
o UDAY : Rural Power Supply Status
 Health
o Abortions : Medical Termination of Pregnancy (MTP) Act
o Decline in IMR
o Disabled
o Healthcare: Balance between Public and Private
o Maternal Mortality and MMR
o MCI : NMC Bill Analysis
o National Health Policy 2017 : Quantitative Goals and Objectives
o National Nutrition Strategy
o Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs)
o Non Communicable Disease : Fight against trans-fats
o Obesity in India
o Old Age: Health Issues
o Quacks
 Education
o Education: No Detention Policy
o Higher Education : Parliamentary Committee Suggestions
o Higher Education Financing Agency (HEFA)
o Institution of Eminence : Analysis
o National Knowledge Network (NKN)
o RTE : Till 18 Years
 Poverty and Hunger
o Malnutrition in India
 Social Issues
o Begging
o Child Marriage
o Children in Arms Conflict
o LGBT Rights: Section 377
o Manual Scavenging
o Open Defecation
o Reservation: Sub-categorization of OBC quota
o Reservation in promotions
o Transgender : Issues and demands
o Prison Reforms

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GS 3

Disaster Management

 Disaster
o Data for Disaster Risk Reduction
o Disaster : Fire Incidents
o Flood Fury and Disaster Management

Economy

 Status of Economy and Issues
o Economy in 2018-19 : Financial Projections
o Credit Rating Agencies reforms
o Ease of doing business
o Employment
o Forex
o Liberalization Of Legal Services
o National Procurement Policy
o Rupee Crisis
o Skill India
 Agriculture
o Agriculture : CM subgroup on Agriculture and MGNREGA
o Agriculture Growth
o Bamboo Cultivation : Indian Forest (Amendment) Bill, 2017
o Contract Farming
o Draft Agricultural Export Policy
o Draft Regulations for Organic Food Products
o Edible Oil Imports
o Farmers Distress
o Farmer's Income
o Loan Waiver Scheme: Analysis
o MSP
o Organic Farming
o Issues of pulses in India
 Manufacturing
o Issues of Manufacturing Sector in India
o Labour Intensive Exports
o Manufacturing Growth : Impact of Inverted Duty Structure
o National Steel Policy of 2017
o PMI Vs IIP
o Textile Sector
 MSME
o MSME Act Amendment
o MSME Exports

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o Report Card : Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana
 Pharma Sector
o Dependence on China
o Draft Pharmaceutical Policy 2017
o Essential medicines
o Generic Drugs
o India and the future of life sciences innovation
o Issues with Clinical Trails
o Medical Tourism
o Pharma Mission to Develop Bio-Pharmaceuticals
 Transport
o Airways : Civil Aviation Policy 2016
o Roads : Electric Vehicles
o Roads : National Highway Grid
o Roads : One Nation One Tax policy
o Logistic Sector
o Railways : National Rail Plan 2030
o Railways : Railway Safety
o Waterways : Jal Marg Vikas Project (JMVP)
 Mines and Minerals
o Coal Mining Reforms
o Minerals in Indian Waters
o Mining: Polluters Pay Principle
 IT
o Electronics Industry
o Start-up Ecosystem
 Growth and Development
o Universal Basic Income
 Banking and Financial Inclusion
o Bank NPAs
o Bank Recapitalisation
o Banking Merger
o Bankruptcy
o Demonetisation : One Year Report Card
o PNB Fraud
o Prompt Corrective Action (PCA) framework
 Taxation
o GST : One Year Analysis
 EXIM & Foreign Investment
o External Debt : Risks Involved
o FDI
o FDI Policy 2018
o Outward Direct Investment (ODI) policy
 Tourism
o Draft National Tourism Policy

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 RBI & Basics
o Inflation
o Participatory Notes
o Public Debt Management : NITI Ayog View
o Peer-to-Peer Lending
 Infrastructure
o Biofuels
o Coal Production Issues
o Draft National Energy Policy
o National Wind-Solar Hybrid Policy
o Natural Gas
o Oil Imports
o Oil & Gas Sector : Opportunities and Challenges
o Pressurised Heavy Water Reactors : Analysis
o Renewable Energy
o Shale Gas in India
o Solar Energy
o Strategic Petroleum Reserve
o Unconventional Hydrocarbons : Policy Changes
o Wind Energy
o Draft Telecom policy : National Digital Communications Policy, 2018
o Coastal Economic Corridor
o Infrastructure Investment Gap
o Land Availability in India
o National Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) Policy

Environment

 Pollution and Degradation
o Air Pollution: WHO Report 2018
o Draft National Clean Air Programme (NCAP)
o Global Warming and Local Urban Heating
o Green GDP of States
o Plastic Carry Bags Ban
o Petcoke Ban Issue
 Environment Conservation
o CAMPA : Basics and its implementation
o Global Warming
o Ground Water Management
o National Wildlife Action Plan for 2017-2031
o Soil Sequestration and Climate change
o Sustainable Development in Indian Himalayan Region : NITI Aayog Report
o Water Scarcity
 Climate Change Negotiations
o Arctic opportunities and India
o Climate Change : Draught and Heat Waves
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o Climate Change: Impact on Indian Agriculture
o Climate Change: Impact on Indian Economy
o Paris Agreement : Difficulties
o Paris Agreement : India's performance
o Paris Agreement : US Withdrawal

Security

 North East & Kashmir
o AFSPA
o Assam NRC Issue
 Cyber Security and Social Media
o Blocking Website
o Budapest Convention on Cybercrime
o Cyber Crimes
o Cyber Warrior Police Force (CWPF)
o Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre
o National Information Security Policy and Guidelines (NISPG)
 Security Agencies
o Army Modernisation
o Defence Expenditure
o Defence Planning Committee
o Pokhran Test: Analysis
o Scheme for Modernisation of Internal Security
 Money Laundering
o Black Money
o FATF

Technology

 Random
o Automation : Impact on employment
o Brain Drain to Brain Gain
o Forensics in India
o S&T and Geopolitics
o S&T in India
o Transfer of Technology : Lab to Factory
 Biotech & Medical
o Anti-Microbial Resistance
o DNA Profiling
o GM Crop
o Stem Cell Therapy
o Targeted Drug Delivery
 Space
o Funding Space Programs : Why needed?
o Manned space mission by 2022

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o Weaponization of space
 Nuclear & Defence
o Defence : Self Reliance needed
o Indigenization-Defence Production
 Digital & IT
o Algorithm Trading
o Artificial Intelligence
o Big Data
o Bitcoin and BlockChain
o Digital Privacy
o Draft Rules for Drones
o Internet: New dictator?
o Internet of Things
o Net Neutrality : TRAI Recommendations
o Regulating Online Media
o Tech Giants Data Localisation
 Energy
o Ethanol Blending
o International Solar Alliance

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