You are on page 1of 4

International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication ISSN: 2321-8169

Volume: 6 Issue: 8 39 - 42
Performance Analysis of Image Restoration Techniques at Different Noises
Huma Khalida Prof. Deepika Pandey
M.Tech Scholar Assistant Professor
Department of Electronics and Communication Department of Electronics and Communication,
OIST, Bhopal (M.P.) OIST, Bhopal (M.P.)

Abstract— This paper intended to similarly the execution of various picture rebuilding method. The pictures are debased by various parameters
like commotions in the earth or obscuring of the picture amid picture picking up or amid handling of the picture. Keeping in mind the end goal to
enhance the nature of the picture with the goal that the required items can be effortlessly accessible from the detected pictures. It enhances the
objectivity of the picture and expels the commotion and foggy substance in the picture. In this paper we are taking into account four most well
known picture rebuilding systems like Wiener Channel and Lucy-Richardson Technique, and Visually impaired De-Convolution and regularized
channel. The exhibitions of these methods are assessed and looked at. Distinctive execution parameters are considered to check the proficiency
of technique.

Keywords- Image Processing, Image Restoration, Noise, Blur, Degradation. Lucy Richardson, Wiener


I. INTRODUCTION Inverse Filtering-

Direct inverse filtering is the least difficult way to deal with
Picture rebuilding procedures are techniques which exertion the
rebuilding. In this strategy , a gauge of the Fourier change of the
reversal of a few debasing procedure. Picture rebuilding system
picture f ́ (u,v) is processed by partitioning the Fourier change of
can be extensively arranged into two sorts relying on the learning
the. debased picture by the Fourier transform of
of debasement. On the off chance that the past information
the degradation function
concerning debasement is known along these lines the
deterministic strategy for picture rebuilding can be utilized. The 𝑓 𝑢, 𝑣 =
obscure might be because of various reasons, for example, This strategy chips away at frame when helpful is none added
movement defocusing, and environmental turbulence the substance clamor in the corrupted picture. That is, the point at
commotion may start in Reclamation strategies show the which the debased picture is given by
corruption procedure and endeavor to apply a reverse system to 𝑔( 𝑥; 𝑦) = 𝑓(𝑥; 𝑦) ∗ ℎ(𝑥; 𝑦).
get an estimate of the first picture the first picture. Many picture In any case, if commotion gets added to the corrupted picture
rebuilding calculations have their underlying foundations in very then the aftereffect of direct converse separating is extremely
much created territories of science, for example, estimation poor. Condition gives the articulation for G(u; v). Substituting
hypothesis, the arrangement of badly postured issues, straight for G(u; v) in the above condition, we get
polynomial math and numerical examination. Iterative picture 𝑁(𝑢, 𝑣)
rebuilding procedures regularly endeavor to reestablish a picture 𝑓 𝑢, 𝑣 = 𝑓 𝑢, 𝑣 +
𝐻(𝑢, 𝑣)
straightly or non-directly by limiting a few measures of
corruption, for example, greatest probability, compelled slightest
The above condition demonstrates that immediate backwards
square, and so on. Daze reclamation procedures endeavor to take
separating comes up short when added substance commotion
care of the rebuilding issue without knowing the obscuring
is available in the debased picture. Since clamor is arbitrary
thus we can't discover the commotion range N(u; v).DLR is a
II. PROPOSED METHODS non daze method of picture reclamation, used to reestablish a
A novel picture combination technique in view of DWT is used. debased picture that has been obscured by a perceived PSF. It
The fundamental target of this paper is to contrast distinctive is an iterative equation in which the pixels of the watched
picture rebuilding strategy is with perform enhanced picture picture are spoken to utilizing the PSF and the inactive picture
combination within the sight of obscure picture debasement. The as takes after: [14]
assignment of picture rebuilding is routinely performed before Wiener Filter -Weiner Filtering is additionally a non dazzle
to and isolate from combination. This arrangement is imperfect method intended for remaking the corrupted picture inside the
as the data from the combination procedure can frequently presence of known PSF. It expels the added substance clamor
contain applicable data to show signs of improvement the and alters the obscuring all the while. It not simply plays out
reclamation which have the capacity to turn give enhanced the deconvolution through opposite sifting (highpass
combination. Philosophy utilized will keep up the required data separating) yet additionally expels the commotion with a
from the two pictures we give general review of the propose thickness task (lowpass channel). It contrasts and an
procedure. estimation of the favored silent picture. The contribution to a
wiener channel is a corrupted picture twist by added substance
IJRITCC | August 2018, Available @
International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication ISSN: 2321-8169
Volume: 6 Issue: 8 39 - 42
clamor. The yield picture is registered by methods for a
channel utilizing the accompanying articulation: [12]
In equation (1), 𝑓 is the original image, n is the noise, 𝑓” is the
estimated image and g is the wiener filters response.
𝑓” = 𝑔 ∗ (𝑓 + 𝑛)
Lucy Richardson Calculation DLR is a non daze system of
picture reclamation, use to reestablish a corrupted picture to
has been obscured by a known PSF. It is an iterative technique
in which the pixels of the watched picture are spoken to
utilizing the PSF and the dormant picture as takes after: [12]
𝑑𝑖 = 𝛴 𝑝𝑖𝑗 𝑢𝑗
𝑑𝑖 is the examine value at pixel situation „𝑖‟, 𝑝𝑖𝑗 is the PSF, Fig 2 A two level decomposition of the two-dimensional DWT
the fraction of light impending from accurate position „𝑗‟ that
is observed at position„ 𝑖‟ , 𝑢𝑗 is the latent image pixel III. ALGORITHM FOR DWT
value at position „𝑗‟ . The main objective is to calculate the Decompose each input image into subbands by applying DWT
most likely „𝑢𝑗 ‟ in the presence of observed 𝑑𝑗 and known For each subband pair X & Y, except the lowpass residuals:
PSF 𝑝𝑖𝑗 as follows: [12] Compute wavelet coefficient value σX and σY . Find the
𝑢𝑗𝑡+1 =𝑢𝑗𝑡 ∑ 𝑑 𝑖 absolute different between them
𝑖 𝑝
𝑐 𝑖 𝑖𝑗
D = abs(σX) - abs(σY)
𝑐𝑖 = ∑𝑗 𝑝 (𝑡)
Calculate the fused coefficients using the formula Z =WX σX
𝑖𝑗 𝑢 𝑗

Wavelet Transform In Two Dimensions-A two-dimensional +WY σY

scaling function, W( x, y), and three two-dimensional if D < 0 then,
wavelet ψH (x,y) , ψV (x, y), ψD (x,y) are critical elements for Wx = 0 and Wy = 1 – Wx
wavelet transforms in two dimensions [2]. These scaling Then D>0
function and directional wavelets are composing of the Wx = 1 & Wy= 1 – Wx
product of a one-dimensional scaling function φ and Average coefficients in low pass residuals. Reconstruct the
corresponding wavelet ψ which are demonstrated as the fused image from the processed subbands and the lowpass
following: residual by applying inverse DWT
W(x, y) = W(x) W(y)
ψH (x,y) = ψ(x) W (y)
ψV (x, y) = W(x) ψ(y) Image restoration using different types of image restoration
ψD (x,y) = ψ(x) ψ(y) techniques the experimental result show in term of signal to
noise ratio and mean square error Blind Deconvolution fused
with Lucy Richardson, In this two input image are taken on
that images we include PSF’s then we get the blur image the
we applied Blind Deconvolution and lucy Richardson methods
on the two separate images then we Fused that two image
using wavelet based image fusion and then again applied
DWT on that Fused image and then calculate SNR and MSE.
other method for restoration and last we compare the result on
the basis of calculated SNR and MSE. Experimental Results
Mse Comparison With Respect To Various Images shown in
Fig 1 the analysis Filter bank of two dimensional FWT
where ψH measures the horizontal variations (horizontal
edges), ψV corresponds to the vertical variations (vertical
edges), and ψD detects the variations along the diagonal
directions shown in fig.2

IJRITCC | August 2018, Available @
International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication ISSN: 2321-8169
Volume: 6 Issue: 8 39 - 42

Fig 3 Blurred Image 2.Fused blind with Lucy Richardson 3. Fused Wiener
with Lucy Richardson 4. Fused Regularized with lucy Richardson

Fig.6 Blurred Image 2.Fused blind with Lucy Richardson 3. Fused Wiener
with Lucy Richardson 4. Fused Regularized with Lucy Richardson

Table 1 Comparison of SNR using various Images

Fig.4,.Blurred Image 2.Blind deconvolution 3.Lucy Richardson 4.Wiener

Filter 5.Regularised Filter

Table 2 Comparison of MSE using various Images

Fig.5.Blurred Image 2.Blind deconvolution 3.Lucy Richardson 4.Wiener

Filter 5.Regularised Filter

Picture rebuilding utilizing diverse kinds of picture
reclamation strategies the test result appear in term of flag to
commotion proportion and mean square blunder Dazzle
Deconvolution intertwined with Lucy Richardson, In this two
IJRITCC | August 2018, Available @
International Journal on Recent and Innovation Trends in Computing and Communication ISSN: 2321-8169
Volume: 6 Issue: 8 39 - 42
information picture are gone up against that pictures we Recursive Filtering”, IEEE Trans. on Signal Processing, vol.
incorporate PSF's then we get the obscure picture the we 46, no. 2, pp. 375-390, 1998.
connected Visually impaired Deconvolution and lucy [12] Neelamani R., Choi H., and Baraniuk R. G., "Forward:
Fourier-wavelet regularized deconvolution for ill-
Richardson techniques on the two separate pictures then we
conditioned systems", IEEE Trans. On Signal Processing,
Combined that two picture utilizing wavelet based picture
Vol. 52, No 2 (2003) 418
combination and after that again connected DWT on that [13] L.Prasad and S. S. Iyengar, Wavelet Analysis with
Melded picture and afterward ascertain SNR and MSE. other Applications to Image Processing. Boca Raton, FL: CRC
strategy for rebuilding and last we look at the outcome based Press LLC, 1997, pp.101-115.
on figured SNR and MSE. Exploratory Outcomes Mse [14] Mandelbrot, B., and Wallis, J., "Noah, Joseph and
Correlation Regarding Different Pictures appeared in operational hydrology," Water Resources Research 4, 909-
fig.3,4,5,6. 918, 1968.
REFRENCES [15] M.A.Joshi, Digital Image Processing – An Algorithmic
Approach, Professors and Head, Department of
Telecommunications, College of Engineering,
[1] V.P.S. Naidu, J.R.Raol. “Pixel Level Image Processing
Pune, Prentice Hall of India Private Limited, New Delhi,
using Wavelets and principal and Component Analysis”.
Defense Science Journal,vol 58, 2008, 338-352.
[2] 2.CharuKhare&Kapil Kumar Nagwanshi, “Implementation
And Analysis Of Image Restoration Techniques”,
International Journal of Computer Trends and Technology-
May to June Issue 2011.
[3] 3.Er.Neha Gulati,Er.AjayKaushik, “Remote Sensing Image
Restoration Using Various Techniques”, International
Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, Volume 3,
Issue 1, January-2012 1 ISSN 2229-5518.
[4] Anil Kumar Kanithi., “Study of Spatial and Transform
Domain Filters for Efficient Noise Reduction”a paper
submitted to National Institute Of Technology, Rourkela
India 2011.
[5] Anil K Jain.,“Fundamentals of Digital Image
Processing”,Prentice Hall 1989. Aizenberg I., Bregin T.,
Butakoff C., Karnaukhov V., Merzlyakov N. and Milukova
O., "Type of Blur and Blur Parameters Identification Using
Neural Network and Its Application to Image Restoration",
[6] J.R. Dorronsoro (ed.) Lecture Notes in Computer Science,
Vol. 2415, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, New York
(2002) 1231- 1236.
[7] 7.R. L. Lagendijk, J. Biemond, and D. E. Boekee, “Blur
identification using the expectation-maximization
algorithm,” in Proc. IEEE. Int. Conf. Acoustics, Speech,
Signal Process, vol. 37, Dec. 1989, pp. 1397- 1400.
[8] 8.AdmoreGota& Zhang Jian Min “Analysis And
Comparison On Image Restoration Algorithms Using
Matlab”,International Journal of Engineering Research &
Technology (IJERT) Vol. 2 Issue 12, December – 2013
ISSN: 2278-0181.
[9] Amandeep Kaur and Vinay Chopra, “A Comparative Study
and Analysis of Image Restoration Techniques Using
Different Images Formats”, International Journal for
Science and Emerging Technologies with Latest Trends,
2(1): 7-14 (2012).
[10] Swati Sharma, Shipra Sharma and Rajesh Mehra, “Image
Restoration Using Modified Lucy Richardson Algorithm In
The Presence Of Gaussian And Motion Blur”, Advance in
Electronic and Electric Engineering ISSN 2231-1297,
Volume 3, Number 8 (2013), pp. 1063- 1070.
[11] DeepaKundur, and DimitriosHatzinakos, “A Novel Blind
Deconvolution Scheme for Image Restoration Using
IJRITCC | August 2018, Available @