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CHAPTER – 3

METALS AND NON-METALS


Section – A (1 mark Questions)

1. Name one metal and one non-metal which exist in liquid state at room temperature.
2. State whether the following statement is true or false :
Non-metals react with dilute acids to produce a gas which burns with a ‘pop’ sound.
3. What is aqua-regia ?
4. What name is given to those metal oxides which show basic as well as acidic behaviour ?
5. Which of the two metals is more reactive : copper or zinc ?
6. The earthy impurities associated with mineral used in metallurgy are called ______.
7. Which is the common method for extraction of metals from the oxide ore ?
8. What is the chemical formula of rust ?
9. In the thermite process, the reducing agent is _____.
10. What types of oxides are formed when non-metals combine with oxygen ?
11. What type of bonds are present in hydrogen chloride and Oxygen ?
Section – B (2 & 3 marks Questions)
12.Write equation for the reaction of :
(a) sodium with oxygen
(b) magnesium with oxygen
13. Which Gas is produced when a metal reacts with dilute hydrochloric acid? Write the
chemical reaction when iron reacts with dilute H2SO4.
14. Why do ionic compounds have high melting points ?
15. State two ways to prevent the rusting of iron.
16. Why is sodium kept immersed in kerosene oil ?
17. What are alloys?
18.What would be the electron-dot structure of carbon dioxide which has the formula C02 ?
19. Define the following terms:
(a) Minerals
(b) Ores
(c) Gangue
20.State one use each of the following metals :
Copper, Aluminium, Iron, Silver, Gold, Mercury
21. Write any three differences between metals and non-metals on the basis of chemical
properties ?
22. (i) Write the electro-dot structures for sodium, oxygen, and magnesium.
(ii) Show the formation of Na2O and MgO by the transfer of electrons.
(iii) What are the ions present in these compounds ?
23. A, B, and C are 3 element which undergo chemical reaction according to equations:
a). A2O3 + 2B → B2O3 + 2A
b). 3CSO4 + 2B → B2(SO4) + 3C
c). 3CO + 2A → A2O3 + 3C
Answer of the following:
i. Which element is most reactive?
ii. Which element is least reactive?
Section – C (5 marks Questions)
24. State any five physical properties of metals and five physical properties of non-metals.
25. How are metals refined by the electrolytic process ? Describe the electrolytic refining of
copper with the help of a neat labelled diagram.
Or
What is meant by refining of a metal ? Name the most widely used method for the
refining of impure metals obtained by various reduction processes. Describe this
method with the help of a labelled diagram by taking the example of any metal.
26. (i) How is sodium metal extracted ? Explain with the help of equation of the reaction
involved.
(ii) How is zinc metal extracted ? Explain with the help of equation of the reaction
involved.
27. (a). What is meant by the reactivity series of metals ? Arrange the following metals in
an increasing order of their reactivities towards water :
Zinc, Iron, Magnesium, Sodium
(b). Hydrogen is not a metal but still it has been assigned a place in the reactivity series
of metals. Why ?
(c). Name one metal more reactive and another less reactive than hydrogen.
(d). Name one metal which displaces copper from copper sulphate solution and one
which does not.
(e). Name one metal which displaces silver from silver nitrate solution and one which
does not.