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2009 PAHANG STPM TRIAL MT PAPER 1

k  3i
1. Given  2  i , where k is a constant and i 2  1 , find
1  2i

k  3i
(a) the argument of correct to two decimal places, [2 marks]
1  2i
(b) the value of k. [3 marks]

2. By using seven ordinates in the trapezium rule, find the approximate value of
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1 ln(2 x  1) dx correct to three decimal places. [4 marks]

Give a reason why the trapezium rule gives an estimate which is less than the exact
value. [1 marks]

3.(a) By using definition of sets, show that P  (Q  R)  ( P  Q)  R . [3 marks]

(b) By using the algebraic laws on sets, prove that P  (Q  R)  ( P  Q)  R . [3 marks]

 (r  2)(r  1) .
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4.(a) Evaluate [2 marks]
r 3

1
(b) Express in partial fractions.
(r  2)( r  1)
49

 (r  2)(r  1) .
1
Hence, find the value of [4 marks]
r 3

8 1
5.(a) By using the substitution u 2  1  x , find the value of  3 x 1 x
dx . [5 marks]

1 1 1
[ Hint :   ]
x  1 2( x  1) 2( x  1)
2

x
(b) Find  e 3x dx . [2 marks]

1  2k
6.(a) Find all the values of k that satisfy the inequality  0. [3 marks]
3k  (1  2k )
2

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(b) Solve the inequality 2 x  1  . Give your answer in interval form. [4 marks]
1  2x

CHU/SMKK
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7. Given that y 2  ln( x 2 y ) where x > 0 and y > 0 ,

dy 2y
(a) show that  [3 marks]
dx x(2 y 2  1)

(b) find the small change in x, correct to three decimal places, when the value of y
changes from 1 to 1.01. [4 marks]

1
 1 x 2
8. Expand   in ascending powers of x up to and including the term x .
2

 1  2x 
[4 marks]

By finding the range of the values of x where the expansion is valid, explain why
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x  can be used in the above expansion to estimate the value of 2 . [2 marks]
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Hence, estimate the value of 2 correct to four decimal places. [2 marks]

9.(a) The polynomial 2 x 3  3ax2  ax  b has the factor x – 1 and leaves a remainder of
–54 when divided by x + 2 . Find the values of a and b .

Using these values of a and b , factorise the above polynomial completely .

Subsequently , find all the real zeroes of the polynomial 2 x 6  9 x 4  3x 2  4 .


[6 marks]

3x  9 1
(b) Given y  , show that y does not have any real value between and 3
( x  1)( x  2) 3
for all real values of x . [4 marks]

10. A parabola has parametric equations x  t (t  2) and y  2(t  1) .

(a) By finding the Cartesian equation of the parabola, determine


(i) the vertex,
(ii) the focus
(iii) the equation of the directrix [5 marks]

(b) Show that the equation of the normal to the parabola at the point when y = 4 is
x y
 1. [5 marks]
5 10

(c) Calculate the shortest distance between the vertex of the parabola and the
normal to the parabola at the point when y = 4. [2 marks]

2
 0 2  1  2  8 6
   
11. The adjoint of matrix A   0 8  1 is   4 4 0  .
 4 10  1  32 k 0 
   

(a) Show that matrix A is non-singular (i.e. A is invertible). [3 marks]


(b) Find
(i) the value of k, [2 marks]
(ii) the inverse of matrix A. [2 marks]

 3 1 4a  10b 
 
The matrix  2b  c 0 8b  c  where a, b and c are constants, is a symmetric
 29  c 16 
 1 
matrix.

(c) Write a system of equations in terms of a , b and c. [2 marks]


(d) Hence, find the values of a, b and c using matrix. [4 marks]

12(a) The continuous function f (x) is defined by


 2( x  1)
 x 1 , x 1

f ( x)  


4 x  k , x  1 and k is a constant

lim
Find : (i) the value of f ( x) , [2 marks]
x  1
(ii) the value of k. [2 marks]

(b) The functions f and g are defined by :


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f :x , x0
1 x2
g : x   1 x2 , 1  x  1

(i) By using sketch graphs of the functions f and g on the same axes, determine
the range of function f and function g. [5 marks]

(ii) Determine whether the function f  g exists. [2 marks]

(iii) Explain why the function f has an inverse function, f 1 .


Find the inverse function, f 1 in the same form as given for f [3 marks]

END OF QUESTION PAPER


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2009 PAHANG STPM TRIAL MT PAPER 2

1. A passenger in an aeroplane flying at a certain height , H , sees two towns , Pekan


town and Kuantan town, directly to the left of the aeroplane. The angles of depression
to the Pekan towns and Kuantan town , are  and  respectively where  <  . If the
two towns are d meter apart, show
H  d sin sin  cos ec     . [3]

2.

The points A , B and C lie on the circumference of a circle as shown in the diagram above
with ABC= 80 and ACD=50. The tangent to the circle at point A meets the chord
CD produced at point T.
(a) Show that AC = AT. [4]

(b) Show that the length of the chord CD is equal to the radius of the circle. [4]

3. The forces F1  5 i  3 j N , F2  4 i  6 j N and F3   2 i  7 j N act at a point.


(a) Calculate the magnitude of the resultant force. [2]

(b) Using the “scalar product”, calculate the angle between the resultant force and force,
F4  5 i  3 j N . [4]

4. (a) A certain substance evaporates at a rate which is proportional to the amount of


substance left. Given that the initial amount of the substance is A and the amount which
has evaporated at time t is x , write a differential equation to show the rate of
evaporation. [1]

(b) Solve the differential equation and sketch the graph of x against t. [6]

(c) Given that it took ln 2 seconds for half the amount to be evaporated, find how
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long it takes for of the initial amount to be evaporated. [4]
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5. The following table show the mean and standard deviation of the marks of the male
and female students who sat for a semester test.
Student Number of students Mean Standard deviation
Male 80 52. 9 5. 3
Female 100 61. 4 4. 1

Calculate the mean and standard deviation of the marks of all the students.
[6]

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6. Two bowlers , Adam Lambert and Kris Allen , take turns to throw, with bowler Adam
Lambert taking the first throw. The probabilities of bowlers Adam Lambert and Kris
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Allen scoring a strike are and respectively. Find the probabilities of bowler Adam
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Lambert scoring a strike first. [3]

7. There are one or two flowers on the faces of 50 cents stamps. 90% of all these 50
cents stamps have two flowers while the rest of the stamps have single flower.
From the stamps which have single flower, 95% of these stamps have a flower at the
centre of the stamps while the rest have a flower on the left side of the stamps.
(a) By using a suitable approximation, determine the probability that between 5 and 15
stamps inclusive have one flower , out of a random sample of 100 pieces of 50 cents
stamps. [5]

(b) By using a suitable approximation, determine the probability that less than 3 stamps
have only one flower on the left side of the stamp out of a random sample of 100 pieces
of 50 cents stamps. [4]

8. X is a continuous random variable with a probability density function, f defined as


 1 2x
 ,0  x  k
f x   4 e
 0 otherwise
(a) Find the value of k. [2]

(b) Obtain the cumulative distribution function F  x  for X. [3]

(c) Find the mode and E(X). [4]

9. The following stemplot shows the masses, in gm of mangoes harvested in a particular


day.
Stem Leaf
3 2 3 4 5 7
4 0 8 8 9
5 2 2 2 4 7 9
6 1 1 2 4
7 7 9
8 0 6
9 9
(a) Find the mean and standard deviation of the masses of the mangoes . [3]

(b) Find the median and semi-interquartile range of the masses of the mangoes . [3]

(c) Draw a boxplot to represent the data and identify possible outliers .
Comment on the shape of the distribution and give a reason for your answer. [5]
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2 sin 4  sin 6  sin 2


10. (a) Prove that  tan2  .
2 sin 4  sin 6  sin 2
Hence, find the value of tan2 15 , leaving your answer in surd form. [5]

2 sin 4  sin 6  sin 2


(b) Solve the equation  cos 2 for 0    360 . [5]
2 sin 4  sin 6  sin 2

11. (a) At noon, a man A is travelling at a speed of 20 km/h in the direction of N 25 W.
Another man , B is 2 km to the north of A and travelling at the speed of 15 km/h in the
direction of N 60 W. Find the magnitude and the direction of the velocity of A relative
to B. Hence, find the shortest distance between man A and man B . [9]

(b) Find the course man A must travel in order to intercept B if man A maintains his
speed but changes its course. [4]

12. (a) A machine is used to fill up bottles with a mean volume of 550 ml. Suppose that
the volume of water delivered by the machine follows a normal distribution with mean ,
 ml and standard deviation 4 ml. Find the range of values of mean ,  , if it is required
that not more than 1% of the bottles contain less than 550 ml. [4]

(b) The mass of a box of chocolate cereal is distributed normally with mean 100 g and
standard deviation 2 g.
(i) Calculate the probability that three boxes of chocolate cereal chosen at
random, each has a mass less than 98 g. [2]

(ii) Calculate the probability that three boxes of chocolate cereal chosen at
random, have a total mass exceeding 305 g. [2]

(iii) Calculate the probability that out of three boxes of chocolate cereal chosen at
random, exactly two have a mass greater than 98 g while the mass of the remaining box
is greater than 105 g. [3]