SECTIONA
There are FOUR questions in this section. Answer any THREE.
1. (a) For the steam heated tank shown in Figure for Q. 1(a), identify manipulated,
controlled, and disturbance variables. What disturbances are measured for feed forward .
control? How would the control system react to an increase in teed temperature in
activities. (13)
(c) Apply the initial and final value theorem to the following transfer function. (10)
(5s + 2)e2s
s(3s + l)(O.2s + 1)
2. (a) Describe different types of process models along with their advantages and
disadvantages. (10)
(b) Write down the steps followed during degrees of freedom analysis. (5)
(c) A process has two input streams stream 1 at mass flow rate WI and stream 2 at
mass flow rate W2. The tank's effluent stream, at flow rate w, discharges through a
fixed value to atmospheric pressure. Pressure drop across the value is proportional to
the flow rate squared. The cross sectional area of the tank, A, is 5m2, and the mass
Contd P/2
=2=
CHE 403
3. (a) The contents of the stirred tank heating system shown in Figure for Q.3,(a) are
heated at constant rate of Q (BtuIh) using a gas fired heater. The flow rate w (lblh) and
volume V (fe) are constant, but the heat loss to the surroundings QL various with the
wind velocity v (fils) according to the following expressions: (18)
QL = UA (TTa)
U (t) = U + bv (t)
Where U , A, band T a are constants. Derive the transfer function between exit
temperature T and wind velocity v. List any additional assumptions that you make.
(b) Draw the response of a second order underdamped process to a step input and .
define the following terms with the help of the diagram, i) rise time, ii) time to first
peak, iii) setting time, iv) overshoot, v) decay ratio, vi) period of oscillation. (5)
(c) A step change from 15 to 31 psi in actual pressure results in the measured response
from a pressure indicating element shown in Figure for Q. 3 (c). Assuming second
order dynamics, calculate all important parameters and write an approximate transfer
function in the form, (12)
R'(s) K
=
2 2
p'es) 7: S +2~T.S'+1
Where, R' is the instrument output deviation (mm), P' is the actual pressure deviation
(psi).
4. (a) A process consist of an integrating element operating in parallel with a first order
element ( See Figure for Q. 4 (a). (18)
(i) What is the order of the overall transfer function?
G(s) = yes)
U(s)
eRE 403
SECTIONB.
There are FOUR questions in this section. Answer any THREE
system. What can be inferred from it? Given, Laplace transform of sinerot) is ro/S2+ro2 (20)
(d) Draw the Bode diagram of a time delay process. (5)
6. (a) What are the lagdominant processes? Describe modified tuning methods for
hn~
~
II
7. (a) Figure 7(a) shows a Nyquist plot of a control system. Determine the gain margin
and phase margin of the system. How much additional delay can the system tolerate
eRE 403
(b) A control valve is to be installed in the flare stack line of an ammonia tank for the
purpose of controlling the pressure of the ammonia tank. Whether you will choose an
airtoopen (AlO) or an airtoclose (A/C) valve for this work. Give reasons for your
m~~ W
(c) Starting from the continuous form of the ProportionalIntegralDerivative (PID)
controller, derive the velocity form of the PID controller in discrete or digital fonn.
What are advmtages of velocity form over the position form of the PID controller? (10)
(d) Write down five performance criteria for a feedback controller. (5)
8. (a) Describe the concept of cascade control and auctioneering control using a proper
example for each case. (8)
(b) For Figure 8(b), derive the closed loop response relation between Y and Ysp' (22)
D
Controller Process
Ysp E P Y
+ G*
c G
Y
Internal m.odel
~~
~ ¥~
ex. f ('0 ~""d~
~k control loop lnr(~utlt:l lemperllture.
v
._;...'
T~l T
___ ,3.';>«
~
Q
12.7
11.2
R (mm)
Time (s)
K]
s
. '
[7(8) : ~y(s)
K2
'IS +1
5.0
2.0
1.0
160
J.(} .... r
T
0.6
Output
0.4 0.2
0.2
0.1
°0 0.3 0.4 0.5
5 10 15 20 25
Time (min) t20
tFoO
Smith's method:
relationship of ~ and T to t20 and t60,
L4/T1/CHE Date: 21/01/2017
BANGLADESH UNIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, DHAKA
L4/T1 B. Sc. Engineering Examinations 20152016
SECTION A
There are FOUR questions in this section. Answer any THREE.
1. (a) The purchased equipment cost of an ordinary chemical processing plant is $800
million. The followings are applicable to the plant to be constructed on own land (18)
(i) The sensitive nature of the process would require heavy structures and
protection.
(ii) Instrumentation is very low
(iii) Engineering costs are high
(iv) Legal costs to be covered by the company's own existing legal department
Under these conditions, estimate the (i) Direct Costs, (ii) Indirect Costs and (iii) Total
Capital Investment. (All cost components must be shown and DO NOT assume Fixed
Capital Investment.)
(b) A Glycol plant of size 25,000 Tons/yr is to be constructed. What will be the
investment cost in 2017, if the Cost Indexes increase by 2% per year? (Table supplied) (8)
(c) The purchased cost of a 1.1m3, glasslined jacketed kettle was $15,000 in 1989.
Estimate the cost of a similar 2.5 m3, glasslined jacketed kettle in 2000. Update the
cost to 2016 by assuming that the cost index changes at the same rate as inflation,
sodium sulfate in water. The overall coefficient of heat transfer decreases according to (22)
.,
Contd P/2
=3=
CHE405
SECTIONB
There are FOUR questions in this section. Answer any THREE
5. Universal Power Ltd needs to design a heat transfer equipment for cooling one of the
product 400API oil which comes from distillation column at 300 of. Their production
capacity is 3.2 x 105 lb/day based on 8 hour of operation time per day. You need to
cool the product stream to 100 of by using cooling water of 85 of, pumping at a rate of
2 x 105 Ib/hr. Pressure drop allowance is 10 psi for both stream and dirt factor of each
stream is 0.002. You may assume a 24 shell and tube heat exchanger and can assume
overall heat transfer coefficient from the range for organicwater system of 80120
2
Btu/hr.ft .oF. Table and Graph for required data is attached; assume suitable values if
you need additional data.
Shell side: 25% vertically cut baffle, Baffle spacing 8 inch.
(a) Decide tube and shell side fluids and explain the reason of your decision. (3)
(b) Find the required surface area, number of tubes and shell ID. (10)
(c) Check if the velocity of tube side flow is in the acceptable range or not? (5)
(d) Check the heat exchanger is suitable for this use or not? (12)
(e) Calculate the % of overdesign. What is the loss due to overdesign? Is it acceptable? (5)
6. (a) What should be your considerations while designing a piping system? (6)
(b) List the stresses that you would consider while designing a large and tall packed
minimized? (8)
Contd P/4
=2=
CHE405
Contd ... Q. No. 2(a)
labour costs during operation of the evaporator are $22 per hour. Determine the total
time per cycle for minimum total cost for an overall average of 33,500 kg of water per
24h day must be evaporated during each 30day period.
(b) For three key elements (S, N and anyone of the halogens) give in tabular form two
3. (a) A catalytic process uses a catalyst which must be regenerated periodically because
of reduction in conversion efficiency. The cost for one regeneration is constant at $800.
This figure includes all shutdown and startup costs as well as the cost for the actual
regeneration. The feed rate to the reactor is maintained constant at 70 kg/day, and the
cost for the feed material is $5.50 per kilogram. The daily costs for operation are $ 300,
and the fixed charges plus general overhead costs are $ 100,000 per year. Tests on the
catalyst show that the yield of product as kilograms of product per kilogram of feed
during the first day of operation with the regenerated catalyst is 0.87, and the yield
decreases as 0.87/ e D0.25, where e D is the time in operation expressed in days. The time
necessary to shut down the unit, replace the catalyst, and startup the unit is negligible.
The value of the product is $ 31 per kilogram, and the plant operates 300 days/yr.
Assuming no costs are involved other than those mentioned, what is the maximum
4. (a) In Bhopal disaster (1984) 25 tons of toxic MIC vapor were released and spread to
the adjacent town killing over 2000 civilians and injuring 20,000 more. Discuss how
Contd P/3
.=4=
CHE405
7. (a) A distillation column is separating a feed that is 50 mol% nhexane and 50 mol% n
heptane. Feed is a saturated liquid. Average column pressure is 1 atm. Distillate
composition is XD• = 0.99 (mole fraction of nhexane) and XB = 0.001. Feed rate is
1000 lb moles/hr. Internal reflux ratio 7<r = 0.8. The column has a total reboiler and a
total condenser. Determine t~~_diameter and packing height of the column if random
packing is used. Physical properties of pure n hexane at 69°C are given below: (35)
Liquid specific gravity = 0.69
Surface tension a = 13.2 dynes/em
Saturated vapor density = 0.1917 lb/ft3.
Relative volatility a = 2.5
for D::::;;0.5m
for D >0.5m
for absorption column with D > 0.5m
1121.5 324
410 343
4406 956 1164.5
830 980 421 355
1987 814 4519 1.195.9
859.3 430 357.6
1988 852 4615 1.001 1225.7 .
905.6 441 36l.3
1989 895 4732 1026 1252.9
929.3 1049 450 . 358.2
1990 915.1 4835 1277.3
949.9 464 359.2
930.6 4985. . 1081 1310.8
1991 957.9 485 368.1
943.1 5210 1130 1349.7
1992 971.4 504 381.1
1993 964.2 5408 1173 1392.1
992.8 1187 509 381.7
1994 993.4 5471 1418.9
1029.0 1219 523 386.5
1995 1027.5 .5620 1449.2
1048.5 1264 542 389.5
1996 1039.1 5825 1477.6
1063.7 1284 551 390.6
1997 1056.8 5920 1497.2
1077.1 1315 564 394.1
1998 1061.9 6060 1542.7
1081.9 579 394.3 .
1999 1068.3 6221 1350 1579.7
1097.7 591 390.4U
2000 1089.0 6342 1376 1599.21
1106.9 1408~ 604*
2001 1093.9 6490* .
2002em'
'All
1116.9~
,_'"1102.5*i' <hi.,~, "'" " m, ", ••• wHinw""" 00 •••• = b''''' ,,~ ,~ ,~,., '002, "",,'"
=, "I.'oo"'i",
from"" C,•• ,"
"m, po'"~
E,.i~'
i,;J =' ,•••
i,do<,",'" """~'" ••• ,"',. Th, w.",i. p«W"~ '" _""",,,
,_,ed " ,ho""
••• """''''
.
,,, ..
A'. r.
IProjecled.' .
~Calculaled with revised index; see Chent. Eng., 109: 62 (2002).
i:
Storage Tank
.~ j
.......... 
........... . .•.
: .: 0: ' " .
: :.: ,:.: .0. 0' : .: : .::  :..:. :;: . :'
o' • '.' .'
1~;{~!;~~:~:
~~:::~~:~:
:::~;leriC
'f,":":"Evaporator(installed), horizontal tank
110 m2 (10_102 ft2)
101000 m2 (102:104 ft2)
'0.55 m3/s (103104 ft3/min)
0.40
0.54
0.44
t
II
1~
.,: Capital cost data for chemical and petroleum processing plants (2000)t
[~
[I
Power factor x*
..' c
]
forspecified ,
~ . Typical plant size process planf' .'
n
')1
Alkylation (H2S04) Catalytic 1.6 (10) .) 0.00
Coking (delayed) Thermal 1.6 (l0) 31 038
Coking (fluid) Thermal 1.6 (10) 19 O~
, P Cracking (fluid) Catalytic 1.6 (10) 19 o.m
i ':~
Cracking Thelmal 1.6(10) 6 O~
I
r
Polymerization Catalytic 1.6 (10) 6 0.58
i,!l
tAdapted from K. M. Guthrie. Chell!. Eng .. 77(13): 140 ([970); and K. M. Guthrie. Process Plallt Estimating, Emillatioll. al1d Comrol. Craftsman Book Company of
America. Solana Beach. CA, 1974. See also 1. E. Raselbarth. ClJem. £l1g., 74(25): 214 ([967). and D. E. Drayer. Petro. Clzel11. £l1g .. 42(5): 10 ([970).
;11 tThese power factors apply within roughly a 3foJd ratio extending either way from the plant size as given.
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Wall Flow area Weight
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OD,in. ness, in. 1b sleel
in.1
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SECTIONA
There are FOUR questions in this section. Answer any THREE.
2. (a) What is LTS? Elaborate its classification and do a comparative analysis between
them. (2+2+3)
(b) Do a comparative analysis between MEA and DEA as solvent for Amine process. (5)
(c) To design an Amine process for Gas sweetening using DEA as solvent below
information is available: (10+ 10+3)
Qg = 100 MMscfd
S.G= 0.6
H2S inlet = 10 ppm
H2S outlet = 4 ppm
CO2 inlet = 4%
C02 outlet = 2%
Co = 0.689
Droplet diameter = 140 micron
Gas Compressibility factor = 0.84
P = 1000 psig
T = lOO°F
(i) Determine DEA circulation rate using 35% DEA and an acid gas loading of
0.5 mole acid gas/mole DEA.
(ii) Determine preliminary height and diameter of DEA contact tower.
(iii) Calculate approximate rebQiler duty with 250°F reboiler temperature.
Contd P/2
=2=
eRE 491
3. (a) Write down a short note on LNG. Describe its process for Storage and
Regasification. (3+4)
(b) Describe the JT process for NGL recovery with an example schematic diagram. (4+3)
(c) What is Stage separation? Draw a typical flow diagram of Four Stage separation
process. What are the circumstances for using this process? (1+3+2)
(d) Write down the functions of the following Vessel internals (6)
(i) Vortex Breaker
(ii) Defoaming Plates
(iii) Mist extractor
(e) Write down short notes on Liquid Carryover, Gas blowby and Liquid slugs which
4. (a) For the following data given for a horizontal pipeline, predict gas flow rate in fe/hr
(b) Name the three gas producing companies under Petrobangla. Name the longest gas
CHE 491
SECTIONB
There are FOUR questions in this section. Answer any THREE.
2x2 cycle loglog paper is supplied.
5. (a) Explain how we get gas from reservoirs and liquid (condensate) from gas
reservOlrs. (5)
(b) Define and explain the physical significance of zfactor. (5)
(c) Table Q1C shows the gas composition from a producing gas field. The reservoir
condition is 3,000 psia and 180°F. The reservoir area is estimated to be about 1000
acres, and average thickness is 20 ft. It is also known that the average porosity of the
reservoir is 15%, and the initial gas saturation is 75%. Determine the following: (3X5)
(i) Gas specific gravity.
(ii) Z factor at reservoir condition.
(iii) The Gas initially in place (GII(P) in SCF.
Table QIC
(d) A 2 ft3 tank contains gas at 1000 psia and 60°F. This tank is connected to another
tank of unknown volume containing the same gas at 14.7 psi a and 60°F. The 2 tanks
are allowed to come to equilibrium at 650 psi a and 60°F. What is the volume of the 2nd
6. (a) Draw a typical phase diagram (PT) for hydrocarbon reserVOlr, labeling all
1,842 0.867
. 0.0165
Contd P/4
=4=
CHE 491
tests. (10)
(b) Deliverability test data from a gas well IS shown in Table Q3b. Answer the
following: (5x4)
(i) Make sketch of the test showing the rates and pressure response. Also
identify the test type.
(ii) Make a plot of the test on the loglog paper.
(iii) Determine the values of nand C.
(iv) Develop the deliverability equation.
(v) Estimate AOF from the equation and from the plot.
(c) Suppose the reservoir above has total compressibility of 4.5 xl 06 psiI, porosity is
18%, and average permeability is 200 mD. What is the radius of investigation after 72
content in the gas is 6 lb/MMSCF. Neglecting any corrections for gas gravity, (2x5)
(i) What is the necessary dew point depression?
(ii) How much water must be removed per day?
~~
"
d2h _ trQl
0.12
h +76
L == __ (for diameters < 36in.)
ss
12
h +d +40
LSI,' ==  (for diameters> 36in.)
12
1415 )
P, = Pll'aler ( 131.5 + API Gravity
SP
p}!.=2.7'
TZ
192Q" Mf'
L ...~.' "I
, O>Jj:',.~,
cpAt
Typically' for 'tt strip~r"'with 20 ,trays; the reb oiler duties will be as
follows: '
 ''',
}
", ... ... ,,"',
' .. ..'.'..,.... .."'.

•
}'Por Pipeline
0'"
Design
p~,XJainEquation:
"j.,'
1
= '.
r; 1.14 2log, ,eD + "
. ( , 21.25
0.9
J ,
vf, NRe
Weymouth Equation:
f= 0.032
D1/3
10,000
8.000
6,000
~Inrti'atl
'temperatUl£e.
1 "
OF
r..
V./
...••.
...••.
1
1'1. " 1'1.
'I. 'I.
\ "
'I. " '\.
"\
...••.
,
\
'\'Il1,'f> ••••
$.000
4,000 Pi /' / J
.••'if)
./ / I JII ~j
/
3.000
2.000
'80
170
,so
 ~ ...•
...•
./' ,;~
~ // ~
:::::: ...• ......: ;; •....V~ 0'
~/
/'" '"

gO
.; ...•• /"
&<l ....••.•.
600
~ ./

500 10,
400
...•...• ...;,
80 ,,;
300
,.
50
7'
/',
200
/.
",/
160
40/
//
tOO
100 1SO 200 300 400 600 800 1000 1£>OO:lOOO 3000
Figure# 'i"e
~ .
l=
I
10
~r«:tiorfal:""'7.",IW "7
I
~~~ I 7 7
f
r eI";
OJ)
;I r::;~~~
•...
l~,.;i::' 7 IT
)
•• •• SO
1.
/ 1/
10.000 Mf>1~we~'t
H
'!
8,000
6.000
. ~....•.•.
" " "
f:pfg~
I /
II /
I 1/
2,000 !! 0.98
,,~I 1/ V 1/ I ~ 'f/;,V
o ~".. _:  .
./.
'.000
BOO
600
<::'
0.82
O:90t> 1 .2
""rotlff..oijdliMbt'lroe.'J5.
J" ••
V
.yIP
1/ V
"
1/ /
)
~
/ / ~
1/
200 wdrnbtiTaSh.ed ,e
/: / ) ~)
Ilnet. ••
{l
I: VVI/~
100
•.••••••••
_
AeN.&1 equttibrium;s
equilibrium.
=$
l
eo
60 77
.; ~Ie I
I ,
,"/
7 7~
/
/,1. ~1
/ " /~
rt ~ ..
I
.l / /1 1/~h
.yl ~/.~'/. J"t,,,,,L '''1> """ I
/
10 I ~
is Ii function of gas
eon'tPOS'1ton.
II
G "7 , "7
T
1
~ ~
•!
j," 7 "7
L,L. 'I? ~~
~~ 'f' 
2
// I I 1/'//1 I'~~
I // [l"I//. ~I
1// I/~~
~/,~I
o
40
20 40 00 80
\
100 120 140100180 200 240 280
60
Waten,ontenl, of natural gases with corrections for salinity and gravity. (After
Mel<.ctta arid Web".) 
Figure4.J cr;Jl
•
SECTION A
There are FOUR questions in this section. Answer any THREE.
1. (a) What is the 'washout' condition in a CSTR? Discuss with proper equations. (5)
(b) What are the differences between gasification and pyrolysis? Briefly discuss the major
steps in a gasification process. (3+6=9)
(c) What is DNA ligation? Discuss the blunt end vs. cohesive end approaches with
schematics. Explain codon and reading frame in the context of cloning. (8+4=12)
(d) A cylindrical bioreactor of diameter 3 m has four baffles. A Rushton turbine mounted
in the reactor has a diameter onethird the tank diameter and is operated at a speed of 90
rpm. The density of the fluid is approximately 1 g/cc. The reactor is used to culture an
anaerobic organism that does not require gas sparging. The broth can be assumed
Newtonian. As the cells grow; the viscosity of the broth increases. Compare the power
requirement when the viscosities are 1 cp and 100 cpo (9)
2. (a) What are the major sources of contamination in a bioprocess plant? Draw a process
flow diagram of the inoculation process of a fermenter. List the sequence of valve control
to sterilize and inoculate the fermenter for operation. ( 4+4+8= 16)
(b) What are the four steps in cellular signaling process? Discuss the merits and demerits
of traditional approaches and live cell microscopy in qualification of signaling. (4+8=12)
(c) What is fluorescent microscopy? Draw a schematic showing the path of fluorescent
light during microscopy. (7)
3. (a) What is critical dissolved oxygen concentration? Briefly discuss the differences
between OTR and OUR. (3+5=8)
(b) A geneticallyengineered strain of yeast is cultured in a bioreactor at 30°C for
production of heterologous protein. The oxygen requirement is 80 mmol II h1; the critical
oxygen concentration is 0.004 mM. The solubility of oxygen in the fermentation broth is
estimated to be 10% lower than in water due to solute effects. What is the minimum
aeration capacity necessary to sustain this culture if the reactor is sparged with air at
approximately 1 atm pressure? Solubility of oxygen in water under 1 atm air pressure is
8.05 x 103 kg/m3• (9)
(c) Write short notes on the followings:
(i) Bioethanol production
(ii) PCR reaction
(iii) Restriction Endonucleases (6x3=18)
Contd P12
.0
=2=
CHE475
4. (a) Briefly describe the working principle and salient features of airlift reactor. (8)
(b) Design two 9nucleotide long primers for the underlined region of the following DNA
sequence and write down in proper sequence. What are the amino acids to be expected
SECTIONB
There are FOUR questions in this section. Answer any THREE
5. (a) What are some of the detection elements or probes used to design biosensors? Give one
example of how you would immobilize anyone of the probes you mentioned. (10)
(b) Describe in detail one example of each of the following
(i) an acoustic biosensing teclmique (12)
(ii) an electric biosensing technique
(iii) an optical biosensing teelmique
(c) What do you understand by thermal transduction and why is it not too commonly used
to develop biosensors? (5)
(d) A chromatographic analysis for the chlorinated pesticide Dieldrin gives a peak with a
retention time of 8.68 min and a baseline width of 0.29 min. What is the number of
theoretical plates? Given that the column is 2.0 m long, what is the height of a theoretical
plate in mm? (8)
6. (a) What are the classes of biosensors? Describe with the aid of a diagram the components
of a biosensors. (10)
(b) How are the processes of precipitation and crystallization similar to each other? How
are they different? Mention an example for each process. (8)
(c) Leucine dehydrogenase is recovered from a homogenate of disrupted Bacillus cereus
cells using an aqueous twophase polyethylene glycolsalt system. 150 litres of
homogenate initially contained 3.2g mr! of the enzyme; a polyethylene glycolsalt mixture
is added and two phases form. The enzyme partition coefficient is 3.5. (3+6+8=17)
Contd P/3
••
=3=
CHE 475
Contd ... Q. No. 6(C)
(i) Which phase does the solute favor? Is the partition coefficient sufficient for
extraction? Why or why not?
(ii) What volume ratio of upper and lower phases must be chosen to achieve 80%
recovery of enzyme in a single extraction step?
(iii) Given that at 80% recovery, the concentration of product in the lower phase is
found to be 955 g L~l,find the partitioning coefficient appropriate for this
extraction process.
8. (a) Describe using a flow diagram the various steps that are involved from the discovery of
a drug to the point where the drug reaches the customer. (12)
(b) What are the different phases of a clinical trial? (8)
(c) Describe in detail any THREE considerations when designing a clean room In a
bioprocessing facility. (9)
(d) Define the following: cGMP, Parenteral Drug, Inclusion criteria. (6)
List of equations: (symbols have their usual meanings)
1.
JlmaxS
2. Jl=
Ks+S
3.
4.
5.
Km So So  sf
6. tb =  In  +
llmax sf vmax
r _.I V
7. = =: 
D F
. v s
8. D (s.  s) = m;u
,! Km +s
9.
10. x =
.
y (s _'
XIS 0
DKs )
J1 'D
ll1ax
I
ecu eGU
U
ICAUI
CAC HIstl.'d'Ine
eee CGe C
Proline Arginine
eeA eGA A
" t
(1)
CeG leMI
CAG GIulamll1e
. CGG ::3'
.t;:
~i G
10
a
~ ACU IAGUI ~ .
U ~
u:: Isoleucine ACC
IMul
MC A sparag1ne
. AGCuenne
C
/l)
Threonine '"'
ACA A
ACG MG Lysine IAGAI
AGG A f(Jlnlne
.,
~ G
GCU
GCC .
I I GA~
GAC
Asparlic
aclti
GGU
GGC
U
C
Valine GCA AI;:JIMe Glycine
GCG IGMI
GAG
Glutamic
acid
GGA
GGG
A
G
Tran~ilion : Turbull.'m
~cW
I<. ~~
'::l
2
01
10 103 I()'l 10'
N,D;'P
Rej=
J1
Wh
.., ~
~.'
SECTIONA
There are FOUR questions in this section. Answer any THREE.
1. (a) Consider two concentric porous spherical shells of radii kR and R, as shown in Fig.
for Q.1. The inner surface of the outer shell is at temperature T I and the outer surface
of the inner shell is at lower temperature Tk. Dry air at Tk is blown outward radially
from the inner shell into the intervening space and then through the outer shell.
Develop an expression for the temperature distribution T(r) in the space between the
shells. Hence derive an expression for the required heat removal from the inner shell of
the sphere. How can you develop the expression for effectiveness of transpiration
cooling for the system? (23+8+4=35)
(") d MAMBdXA
11 WA( )2
XAMA +XBMB
(b) Consider the system as shown in Fig. for Q.2(b) where gas A dissolves in liquid B
and diffuses into the liquid phase. As it diffuses, A also undergoes an irreversible first
order chemical reaction: A + B ~ AB. Determine an expression for molar flux A at
plane Z = o. (27)
..'
CHE453
4. (a) Consider a system where hot fluid is flowing in a pipe with cooled walls with Re ~
2.1 x 103. Give a neat sketch of the system by showing different zones. Discuss the
system briefly. (12)
(b) Consider a catalytic reactor as shown in Fig. for Q. 4(b) III which the
polymerization reaction nA ~ An occurs instantaneously.
(i) Find out the expression for concentration profile by shell mass balance. (17)
(ii) Obtain the expression for molar flux through the film. (6)
SECTIONB
There are FOUR questions in this section. Answer any THREE
5. (a) What is the science of "rheology"? Give definitions of rheopectic, thixotropic and
6. (a) An experiment is carried on gas absorption in which a viscous fluid flows upward
through a small circular tube and then downward on the outside as shown in figure for
question 6(a). Take a shell of thickness M in the film and deduce the following (18+12=30)
(i) Velocity distribution in the film
(ii) Volumetric flow rate in the film
7. (a) Give the physical significance of the following terms in the equation of motion in
(ii) pvavr/r
(b) A Stormer viscometer consists essentially of two concentric cylinders, the inner of
which rotates while the outer is held stationary. Viscosity is determined by measuring
the rate of rotation of the inner cylinder under the application of a known torque. (25)
Develop an expression for the velocity distribution for such system where velocity is a
function of applied torque. Assume the fluid is Newtonian and the flow is laminar.
(c) Consider the figure for question 7(c) and indicate the following shears. Attach the
CHE 453
Contd ... Q. No. 7(c)
(i) 'txy (iii) 'tyx (v) 'tzx
8. (a) Define viscous sublayer, buffer zone and region of fully developed turbulence in
context of turbulent flow in tubes. Draw a velocity profile and show the above
turbulent. (18)
(c) For turbulent flow in smooth circular tubes the following equation can be used
v
_x_= ( I r)X
Vz, mo., R
Re ~ 4 X 103, n = 6
Re ~ 1.1 xI 05, n = 7
Re ~ 3.2 xl06, n = 10
V
z,
nmx
.
 (n+lX2n+l)
~ LJ __ .
,
.. t
Air flow out
Gas A
..•..rOO 0 oos;;Bqb"'
~ .••8). 00 OQ1~~B A~~
....I°cPS
..._ o~.8 0.0°0. I
.. o . . ~ Spheres with coating .
. of catalytic'rrlateriai
r
Velocity
...~
r
I
I
r Momentum
in to
shell
of thickness
fir
' Momentum
()ull of s,hell
o~thickness
6r
Graviity fo reI:!
ading 011
the volume
2Trr~rL
I
~
~R~ f
z
Figure for question 7(c)
': r ' .

Equation of Continuity
cap/ at + (V . pv) = OJ
Carfesian coordinates (x, y, z);
rip . a' d rJ
at + ,
ilx
(pv ) + 
~ riy
(pv )
II
+ dZ (pv l
) =0 (BA1)
ap + 1..£.. . L
at r at' (pro,) + 1
r {70 (pVlj)
i!...
+ dZ (pv,) 
_
a
Spherical coordinates (r,8, q,):
~ft+ .~:(lr
u. I
(p';v,) + r_;lo
Sin
~n
(;'0
(PVo siJ1 8) + r 5~ 0 iJ~ (pU/J»
..
:: 0
(6.43)
• When the fluid is assumed (0 ha ve <:ollstant mass density p, the eCluation simplUies to (V •v) .;;;0,
_ ... __ ...
"'. ~,, _.  .
.  ..  ... __ .. " •.. _ ","' .._ ~
TABLE 3.4<>
COMPONENTS OF THE STRESS.TENSOR ,.FORNEWTONIANFWIDS
. IN CYLINDRICAL COORDINATES (r. e.z)
(A)
(B)
(C)
(D)
(E)
a;: + a;
or; ,'.OVr].
or•• = ~r: =/1 [ (F)
1a
(yo • v) =   (rOr) + JOVe. oU',
rae+ _.
r or a~ (G)
TABLE 3,43
TABLE ].42
THE EQUATioN OF MOTION IN CYLINDRICAL ,COORDINATES (r, e,z)
THE EQUATION OF MOTION IN, RECTANGULAR COORDINATES (x, y, z)
In terms of 'C
op
' ikr, Ol'r t'b Ol'r
2
l;h , aL'r) In terms of 't':
,componenr'
p _ +l: r  a, +
, a6 +L'_.' or au"" au", + u"aau" + v_...,
au,,) ap
( 01' r" 0:
xcomponent u,,; =
p
(  at' .,..
oX Y  oZ ax '.;:.
'I a I'a"ra "86,0"'r:) (A)
:'('" ••)+ __ , _
ae
+ . + P'°r ' __
a.,. xx + __
a'T yx ...1 __OT n:)\
(, ror " , r 0:
, "
(, ox +Pg" (A)
az
"
oy'
ave "OVa ,Va aV6, ,Wt'i!' . 01;e)' " lap
6_componentb P
( ai +Vr or .,.. ;: 06 .,.. r + l:, 0: = rae ' JU'I, au", au" + v .. au,,)' =  !.
CO
!icompOnenf p ( at u"'a; ay • az ay
 ".
.' ('1 a
, ',"::
,_ 0'
(,2'rO) , r
J 0"'06,
+ iJL' + .0:
'
l'
ihb:\)
+ PJ!6 v
(B)
T TV"
cP .
OCr

or:_

v£ OL'_
~
uct, . OL_'
,.
OD
 \
In terms of velocity gradients for a Newtonian fluid with :~onstant
.•..:. . ',' ~ p
,
~nd
~.. "
,Ll:
.
r.component' p: + l:r ~ + ::..;...;. + l:, ' J = ' :': ' av" au" au" iJV,,) "";;.0'
(
'. a/ ab , , a:", +u +. u. + u • ..oz
t\ P(
"ar
1 C'
r
a l: J
r '
xcomoonent
,
p
'at(

%
.;...;.
ox 'J
.
oy
= ::
ox
(D)
+ Ill;;. ra;.(rVr)+?aeZ ;:Zab + 0:2 +PS'r ' a~uz a2ux: 02vx)
.' . + p. ( ax2 + ay~ + a:2 + Pg" (D)
~ ""
"
•
\.
'\'.
The Equations of Change for Nonisothermal Systems
'\~/}
rhe Equation. 01 Motion for Noni.othermal Flow
THE EQUATION
TABLE 10.22
OF ENERGY IN TERMS OF ENERGY AND MOMENTUM FLUXES '\
TABLE 10.23 (Eq. 10.1'9) \
THE EQUATION OF ENERGY IN TERMS OF THE TRANSPORT PROPERTIES
Recrangular coordinates:
(for Newt()1/fan fluids of constant p and k)
(Eq. 10.1:25 with viscous dissipation terms included)
pC. (DT
 + Vr aT + V.DT +
Dr ax D.I{
t', _ DT)
oz:
=' __ [D9.. + D'ill + _o9
Ox DY OZ
rJ
Rectangular coordinates:
Cylindrical coordinates:
. (aT + v,aT' + vlJ aT + aT)' = [1r ara ( aT) 1 CST at~
~T ( ap)
aT
(I a '
frv)
r ar. r
1
c8 + av,)
+ r avo h
 {Ol"r
rr
T 
or
I('
__at'll + l' ' )
+" 00 roO
pCp  li.  k   r + + p. . :
,or or r all az ar rl otJl~.a%:
el'r}  { lrra;.a (.V'7e) 1 aV r] . (ika;: + CUr)'
z
\1
., '[(OV,)I
+ +'  ar + r (OV
oile '+ [1 v,
)'J2'+,az (Cv,)I}
 +,u {(
aVIJ
 +
1 a,vl)t + Tn a; Tre '+;: Of) + Tn oz
..D
, '
az r cO
+
'T (~av:
r ao
OVo)}
+ az i\
vz
+ (a+
ar
OV,)2 + +r
oz
av, ,a
r ae ar r
[1 (VB)JI} (Ii)
0, (B)
. Spherical coordinates:
~J
VII
+ v,~ + '7i18 + rsin8 ar/>
pCp,~ ar or rl
+ r sin
1 O.
0 a8 (qo sm 0) +r
1
sin 0
itq
a4>  T
(aaTp) (1 iJ
;2 cr (r ur)
1
+ ( +
"I aUe Vr,)'2 1
+( ++CV. V, VB cot 6)2}
r 00 r r sin 8 at/>' r r + T
.<1
( r sin1 8 0a4> + V,r +
. 
1
'. ~IO cot
rOar
6)} _ ,{ T, (CVo +
_ 1 oV
r of)
r VIJ)
_
r
+,u {[ ra ('V
e) aV' JI [ I 8 aV~ ,cra (v.)]t v.,
ar J
I
+
r ao + r.'+r SIO r
r
(C) (C)
Note: The terms containedin braces { } are associated with viscous dissipation.
and may usually be neglected, e)(cept for systems. with large velocity gradients.
L4/T1ICHE Date: 30/0112017
BANGLADESH UNIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, DHAKA
L4/T1 B. Sc. Engineering Examinations 20152016
SECTION A
There are FOUR questions in this section. Answer any THREE.
1. (a) Write down the general mathematical formulation of an optimization problem. (4)
(b) Derive the necessary and sufficient conditions for optimality of an unconstrained
function. (Hint: Use Taylor's series expansion] (8)
(c) Find the size (diameter and height) of the largest right circular cylinder that canbe
inscribed inside a sphere of radius R. (10)
(d) Minimize f(x) = (x25)3; 500 ~ x ~ 100. Use scanning and bracketing procedure
with acceleration and deceleration. (13)
(b) A fertilizer company mixes three different types of chemicals in their Premium
blend which sells for $ 1.00 per pound. Their less expensive blend (Regular) cells for $
0.8 per pound and contains only two types of chemicals. The mixing formula is shown
The remainder of each bled is inert filler material which comes from a nearby pit mine
at a cost of $ 0.10 per~pound. An unlimited supply of filler is available. The cost per
pound of typeA, typeB, typeC chemicals is $ 0.30, $ 0.25, and $ 0.21, respectively.
Leftover chemicals can be used again.
(i) Formulate the optimization problem
(ii) Write the optimization problem in standard linear programming form.
(iii) Solve the LP problem using simplex method.
Contd P/2
=2=
q.
CHE455
Contd ..• Q. No.2
2Xl  X2 ~ 4
Xl, X2~0
3. (a)
=~£T~~.t~__~==2==:;5T~==~=~:~_:='=] l
. I
"._"."'_ ' "''"'."".   _ .. __ ._. . .__ . .,..      ~._ __ 1
SECTIONB
There are FOUR questions in this section. Answer any THREE questions.
5. (a) Write a short account on the importance of mathematical modeling in science and
6. (a) N number of y Vs. X data sets are obtained from an experiment. A straight line of
the form y = a + bx is to be fitted to the data sets. Show that the leastsquare estimate of
(b) A new solvent for nitrogen gas has been developed. Experimental solubility data at
It is suggested that an equation of type y = exx13will fit the data. Find exand P by using
leastsquare method (you have to calculate numerical values of exand p without using a
computer or programmable calculator).
7. (a) In many cases the model development becomes an iterative procedure Explain and
elaborate on this statement. (7)
(b) In a gas absorption experiment a viscous fluid flows upward through a small
circular tube and then downward in laminar flow on the outside. Set up a momentum
balance over a shell of thickness M in the film. Note that the "momentum in" and
"momentum out" arrows are always taken in the positive coordinate direction, even
though in this problem the momentum is flowing through the cylindrical surfaces in the
negative r direction
_.  ~ ._ 
(i) Show that the velocity distribution in the film (neglecting end effects) is (18)
vz r
= ~pgR 2 [ 1 ( R )2 (r)]
+ 2a 2In R
8. (a) Bacteria are placed in a nutrient solution at time t = 0 and allowed to multiply. Food
is plentiful but space is limited, so ultimately the bacteria population will stabilize at a
constant level M. The growth rate of bacteria is jointly proportional to both the number
of bacteria present and the difference between M and the current population. Derive the
mathematical model showing bacteria population at any time. (12)
(b) E. coli bacteria is to be cultured in a fermenter of 5litre volume in environmental
laboratory of Chemical Engineering Department. Initially 109 of E. coli with sufficient
nutrient is taken in the fermenter. As the space is limited within the fermenter, the
maximum amount of the population will be 1000 g. Determine the amount of bacteria
present in the fermenter after 24 hrs from the start up. (8)
(Growth rate constant = 0.02 hr°1gol)
(c) A IOkg mass attached to a spring stretches it 0.7 m from its natural length. The
mass is started in motion from the equilibrium position with an initial velocity of 1 m/s
in the upward direction. The force due to air resistance is: 90 x N.
(i) Derive a differential equation governing the subsequent motion of the spring. (5)
(ii) Solve the differential equation to find subsequent motion. (10)
L4/TlICHE Date : 05/02/2017
BANGLADESH UNIVERSITY OF ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY, DHAKA
L4/T1 B. Sc. Engineering Examinations 20152016
1.(COMPULSORY)
(a) Considering a threephase simple reactive system, derive a general expression to
represent global or overall reaction rate. Show also all possible limiting cases of the
derived general rate expression. / (14)
(b) Discuss briefly the basic assumption involved in the derivation of a rate expression
from a proposed reaction mechanism. (8)
(c) "Kinetic systems when investigated in detail display an anarchistic tendency to
become unique laws unto themselves" explain. (6)
(d) At what condition and why apparent pseudo rate constant is applied? (6)
(e) Show graphically all types of adsorptionisotherms taught in your class. (5)
(f) In the context of characterizing heterogeneous catalysts, statethe use of (3x2=6)
(i) Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM)
(ii) Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM)
(iii) TemperatureProgrammed Reduction (TPR)
2. (a) Demonstrate the most appropriate method to study the kinetics of a reactive system
where all the initial conditions are unknown. (10)
(b) For an overall reaction, CO + Ch ~ COCh, the following two mechanisms are
~~~ ~~
Mechanism1 : Mechanism2:
3. (a)A+B ~C
94%
(b) A + B
4. (a) According to HougenWatson, what would be the rate expression for following
cases: (3x4=12)
(i) Irreversible unimolecular reaction
A~R
(ii) Irreversible bimolecular reactions between species adsorbed on different
types of sites.
A (Type 1 site) + B (Type 2 site) ~ Products
(iii) Irreversible bimolecular reactions between an adsorbed species and a fluid
phase molecule.
A+B (g) ~ R+ S
(b) Describe the methodology to determine specific surface area of solid catalysts on
the deasis of BET isotherm. (12)
(c) With the help of an appropriate diagram, explain briefly the dependence of
adsorption on temperature. (6)
SECTIONB
There are FOUR questions in this section. Answer any THREE
5. (a) What factors would someone need to consider while making a decision to select a
•
..
1
=3=
eRE 401
Contd ... Q. No.5
Where R is the desired product and is to be maximized. Rate the four schemes shown
in figureeither "good" or "not so good". Calculations are not required, just reason it
out.
you think these assumptions are valid in real situation? Explain your answer. (11)
eRE 401
8. (a) Schematically show the reactant concentration profiles in the bulk fluid boundary
layer and inside the catalyst pore, when (12)
(i) external max transfer limits the rate
(ii) pore diffusion limits the rate
(iii) both external and pore diffusion effects are present
(iv) mass transfer has no influence on rate.
(b) Write short note on onedimensional or two dimensional pseudo homogeneous
models. (10)
(c) What are the disadvantages of a fixedbed reactor? Which one do you think can
cause a significant problem during operation? As a reaction engineer how would you
deal with this issue (either by modification of the fixedbed configuration or by using
another type of reactor)? (5+2+6)
.~

500,000
400,000
300,000
200,000
100,000
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Figure For Question 5 (b)
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(a) (b)
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Numerical A
Techniques
x dx 1
I =In
o Ix Ix
(AI)
(A2)
x dx =_x_
(A3)
J i) (1 x)2 Ix
d
x
= I In (I + ex)
I o
_x_
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(A4)
897
..
Formula sheet for CHE401
p
dX
NAO = rA V
dt
dX
FAO=rA
dV
 F dX ,
AO=rA
dW
deb
0=+ 1
a a a
dP 0= G (14>1[150(14»1k+1.75G1Po ~ FT
dz Po9cOp 4>3) Op J P To Fro
 ~o = G (1 4>.)[150(1 4»1k+ 1.75G]
PoQcDp 4>3 Dp
dy = ~(1+ eX)
dW 2y