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LESSON PLAN

Form: 8th A, intermediate, L2;


Date: 25th October, 2014;
Unit: “Glasgow Boy Amazing Win”
Title: Modal Verbs: MUST
Type: grammar lesson;
Teacher: Corina Marcu
School: Liceul Teoretic “J.L.Calderon”, Timisoara

AIM: *Introducing the modal verb „Must”

OBJECTIVES:
1.To make the students use the modal verb „Must” in sentences of their own.
2.To have the students eliciting the contexts where the modal verb „Must” appear
3.To use the modal verb „Must” properly in sentences of their own.
4.To solve some exercises with the modal verb Must

CONTENTS

OBJECTIVE1: ESTIMATED TIME: 10 MINUTES

CONTEXT: SS’ Previous knowledge about modal verbs and especially about modal verb „Must”
ACTIVITY/CLASS ORGANISATION: SS are divided into groups. They are given some sheets of paper and asked to solve the
requirements on them. The requirements are:
1. Imagine you are a parent who has allowed his child to go to a party but only if he respects the rules imposed by you. Tell him
the rules.
2. Imagine you are a school manager and you have to devise the school regulation.
3. Imagine you want to change your lifestyle and you have established some goals to improve your character.
4. Imagine you have to explain your mother how to turn off-on a computer or a mobile phone.
5. . What must we do to make the world a better place? Give your own opinions!
AIDS: task-sheets
LANGUAGE: all and any but mostly modal verbs.
POSSIBLE PROBLEMS: SS. May not use the modal verb Must in their sentences. The teacher must try to elicit the desired answer,
saying, for example You must pay attention to the requirements or you must have an idea, you must respond to all situations”.
OBJECTIVE2: ESTIMATED TIME: 10 MINUTES

ACTIVITY/CLASS ORGANISATION:
The teacher will ask the students to write on the blackboard those sentences containing the modal verbs presented in their previous
task. Then the teacher will underline the modal verb Must and will ask the students about the reason for its usage there. Whenever a
student gives the right answer, the teacher will ask him to write it t on the blackboard. If there aren’t enough examples for all the
situations when the modal verb „must” appears, the teacher will produce some more situations, till the whole chart of modal verb
„must „ usage will be filled in.
AIDS: Blackboard, chalk
LANGUAGE: ALL AND ANY
POSSIBLE PROBLEMS: THE SS. May not see clearly why the verb has been used so the teacher must act like a helper and explain
well all the situations.

OBJECTIVE3: ESTIMATED TIME: 10 MINUTES

ACTIVITY/CLASS ORGANISATION
THE SS. will be asked to keep their groups. Then they will be assigned a new topic. The teacher tells them they are to produce a short
story or a joke, where they are to use modal verb „can” with some different values. The students in the other groups will have to
recognize the values of the modal verb and write them on a piece of paper. In the end the teacher will discuss the answers pointing up
to the mistakes and trying to correct them.
LANGUAGE: ALL AND ANY
POSSIBLE PROBLEMS: THE SS may have difficulties in using the modal verb in sentences of their own and they also may have
problems with their recognizing the values of the modal verb. The students must help them.
OBJECTIVE 4: ESTIMATED TIME: 15 MINUTES
ACTIVITY/CLASS ORGANISATION: The students will be asked to solve some exercises, centred upon the modal verb „must”.
LANGUAGE: ALL AND ANY.
AID: Task-sheets
POSSIBLE PROBLEMS: THE SS. May have difficulties in solving the exercises. The teacher will gently correct the mistakes and
explain again the points where they didn’t seem to have understood well.
HOMEWORK: You are the boss of a successful business. Inform each of your employees about their responsibilities.
Task-sheet
Modal verb „Must”

1. Rephrase the sentence using the modal verb must


I strongly recommend you to try this sundried tomato bread.
…………………………………………………………………………
It is essential that patients have not eaten or drunk anything for three hours before the operation.
…………………………………………………………………………
It looks certain that the orchestra’s instruments are arriving on a later
plane……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
………….
There can be no doubt that the solicitor has received the information by
now……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……….
2. What do you say to the other person?
You are in a petrol station. Someone is smoking……………………………………………………………
You are talking to a little boy. He is playing with some matches.
……………………………………………………………………………..Your father is going to park his car where there is a sign
saying :’no
parking’……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………
3. Answer the questions below. Use must to express an obligation imposed by the speaker.
Ann: Can I do my homework after the visitors leave?
Mother:…………………………………………………………………….
Can’t I wash the dishes later on?................................................................
Can’t Tom take medicines at bedtime? ……………………………….
Can’t we eat after the film?..................................................................
1. Imagine you are a parent who has allowed his child to go to a party but only if he respects the rules imposed by you. Tell him
the rules.
2. Imagine you are a school manager and you have to devise the school regulation.
3. Imagine you want to change your lifestyle and you have established some goals to improve your character.
4. Imagine you have to explain your mother how to turn off-on a computer or a mobile phone.
5. . What must we do to make the world a better place? Give your own opinions!

1.Rephrase the sentence using the modal verb must


I strongly recommend you to try this sundried tomato bread.
…………………………………………………………………………
It is essential that patients have not eaten or drunk anything for three hours before the operation.
…………………………………………………………………………
It looks certain that the orchestra’s instruments are arriving on a later
plane………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
There can be no doubt that the solicitor has received the information by
now………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
2.What do you say to the other person?
You are in a petrol station. Someone is smoking……………………………………………………………
You are talking to a little boy. He is playing with some matches………………………………………………………
Your father is going to park his car where there is a sign saying no
parking’……………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
……………
3.Answer the questions below. Use must to express an obligation imposed by the speaker.
Ann: Can I do my homework after the visitors leave?
Mother:…………………………………………………………………….
Can’t I wash the dishes later on?................................................................
Can’t Tom take medicines at bedtime? ……………………………….
Can’t we eat after the film?..................................................................