Why Ethiopia

Needs a Good Statistical System

Central Statistical Agency, Ethiopia
Tel: 251-11-1553011/251-11-1578156 - Fax: 251-11-1550334 - Box: 1143 E-mail: csa@ethionet.et - Website: www.csa.gov.et March, 2008

Statistics help provide an empirical evidence for improving the existing policy. . social or demographic status of the society can guide governments on how to choose the best strategy for the interventions to be made. Statistics forecast the future. Accordingly the government of Ethiopia has placed due emphasis on using better statistics for furthering its development efforts to improve the lives of its people. .Why Ethiopia Needs a Good Statistical System The role of evidence based policy making has been well recognized by Ethiopia and a great emphasis has been given towards generating reliable and timely statistical information. social or demographic issues for policy makers and the general public.Statistics guide in redesigning policy. Statistics inform the design and choice of policy. Better statistics enable to design better policies in order to achieve better development outcomes 2 . • Data informing the economic. • Statistics have the power to reveal various aspects of economic. The basic role of statistics Statistics can identify social and economic issues. This is mainly because the policies and decisions made based on reliable statistics will facilitate the development and democratization process in progress. . • Forecasting can evaluate the long term success of a policy or indicate where policies should be focused to prevent future challenges. In this regard.Statistics are a means to map the physical and economic landscape of the society.

reliable and relevant to the national and international development agenda. Better statistics: • lead to successful policies. outcomes and impact. • ensure that limited resources are used in an effective way. • enable the people to judge the successes of government policies and to hold government accountable for its policy implementation. If You Can’t Measure It. Norton. • inform and equip the public to participate in national development and consolidate democracy. 3 . • are essential to manage the effective delivery of basic services. • help policy makers and government choose the best interventions and monitor their effect. • Statistics show policy makers when key indicators are going off track and prompt investigation to re-align policy for better results. Therefore. outputs. good statistics are part of the enabling environment for decision making and development outcomes at all levels.Statistics help to inform decisions. Statistics measure inputs. providing reliable assessments of key economic and social indicators. highlight where resources are needed and follow their impact. covering all aspects of development from measures of economic output and price inflation to the well being of individuals. the business community and citizens in general to make informed decisions. To serve the above purposes and play its significant role in the national development processes. • provide a corner stone basis for good decision making and allow for in-depth analysis of complex economic and social problems. • are core components of good governance. Kaplan and David P. Timely and reliable social and economic statistics are needed by government. • inform various development challenges facing a country and are a crucial part of development. You Can’t Manage It ! Robert S. statistical information should be timely.

The Integration of Statistical Information with Development Development Statistical Information Strategy Policy & Program Improved Strategy Policy & Program Statistical Information Monitoring & Evaluation 4 .

monitor and evaluate development in Ethiopia. Local and international non government organizations.Ethiopia needs better statistics to track progress towards poverty reduction The vision of Ethiopia is: “to see Ethiopia become a country where democratic rule. has the responsibility to provide various statistical data at different levels. and development partners also need statistical information in order to assist the national policies and their implementation. good governance and social justice reign upon the involvement and free will of its people. In order for Ethiopia to monitor and evaluate these nationally and internationally agreed upon goals. This corner stone of its development policy requires more disaggregated statistics for decision-making. The Central Statistical Agency (CSA) of Ethiopia. In general. as a leader of the statistical system in the country. donors. The country has also signed and is committed to achieve the United Nations Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). and once extricating itself from poverty to become a middle-income economy. Timely and reliable data will also allow the country to drive its process of decentralization. 5 . the Ethiopian statistical system needs to provide statistical data to implement. the Ethiopian government has designed a poverty reduction strategy called “Program for Accelerated and Sustainable Development to End Poverty (PASDEP)” and has set a dynamic national goal to be implemented.” To attain this vision and end poverty. the country needs better statistics.

• Highest level of schooling achieved by women • • • • • • • • • • • • Child mortality rate Under five mortality rate Every child mortality by socio-economic & demographic characteristics Vaccination coverage.Examples of Indicators and Their Source of Data EXAMPLES OF MDG EXAMPLES OF INDICATORS • The level. malaria & other diseases Demographic & Health Survey and Welfare Monitoring Survey Ensure environmental sustainability • Proportion of the population with access in sustainable way to a source of drinking water Welfare Monitoring Survey Source: Various surveys conducted by the Central Statistical Agency. 6 . • Distribution of women employment status and continuity of employment. • Distribution of households by status of change in living standard in respect to food and general living standard over the 12 months period • Literacy and numeracy rate of population aged 10 years and above • School enrolment ratios by level of school • Literacy rate of people aged 15 . extent and distribution of income dimension of poverty • Household living standard level in various socio-economic groups and geographical areas. nutritional status of children Maternal mortality rate Delivery characteristics Perceived problems in accessing women’s health care Nutritional status of women Knowledge of HIV/AIDS prevention HIV/AIDS prevalence and treatment Prevalence and treatment of sexually transmitted infections Malaria diagnosis and treatments SURVEY/ SOURCE Eradicate extreme poverty & hunger Household Income Consumption and Expenditure Welfare Monitoring Survey Achieve universal primary education Welfare Monitoring Survey Promote gender equality and empower women Demographic & Health Survey Demographic & Health Survey Welfare Monitoring Survey Reduce child mortality Improve maternal health Demographic & Health Survey Combat HIV/AIDS.49 • Literacy rate of women aged 15 – 49 compared to men.

and other public and private sectors are also involved in the production and dissemination of statistical data in line with their internal objectives. data producers. compile and disseminate data to government and other concerned groups. the Chamber of Commerce. These institutions collect. The Ministry of Health. and statistical capacities need to be built in a sustainable manner in order to meet the development agenda. As mentioned above. However. the National Bank of Ethiopia. among others. Despite the fact that Statistical Agencies are established to be responsible for all national surveys and censuses. compiles the gross and net enrollment of students and other educational statistics. statistical systems need to be strengthened. other institutions are also expected to compile and disseminate statistical information from their administrative process. analysts and users. we have to strengthen the National Statistical System (NSS). The assessments also reveal that there is a low level of awareness about the role that statistics play in policy designing and decision making. Official statistics are produced and disseminated by the National Statistical System stakeholders including. In spite of the fact that sample surveys will continue to be a major source of official 7 . The concept of National Statistical System is applicable when official statistics are produced and disseminated through different bodies.The Need to Strengthen the National Statistical System For statistical information to play its role of informing national development process. for example. recent assessments made by various international organizations reveals that many developing countries’ National Statistical Systems are trapped in a vicious circle which inhibits their capacity to perform even minimum operations and makes them unable to adapt to new challenges or meet new demands for data. compilers. The Ministry of Education.

. 8 . In order to make an effective use of different statistics produced and standardize the statistical work of the country. the administrative data will increasingly be used in combination with sample survey data. developing a National Statistical System (NSS) is crucial. • develop the statistical framework standards and definitions to be used by all providers of statistics. It is believed that successful use of administrative data across all domains of social and economic concern would greatly improve the National Statistical System. Priority areas for the CSA in the coming years: In addition to the scheduled surveys and censuses to be undertaken the CSA has a plan to: • design a National Strategy for the Development of Statistics (NSDS) which is integrated within the National Development Policy processes and covers all sectors and users.. The CSA therefore should take the leading role and forefront responsibility to develop and sustain the country’s National Statistical System successfully. • disseminate manuals of good practice and provide training programs to support different stakeholders and develop agreed protocols for the National Statistical System . • develop standard classifications and make them available to other providers of statistics.statistics. etc.

communication and transport • Distributive trade • Merchandize trade • Transport and communication (Through Administrative Records) Every 3 years Annual Annual Frequency Annual Every 10 years 9 .Major Statistical Reports Published by The Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia Title Statistical Abstract Population and Housing Census • Analytical Reports • Statistical Reports Agricultural Sample Enumeration Annual Agricultural Sample Survey • Area and production of crops by season • Livestock characteristics • Farm management practices • Land use utilization Annual Manufacturing Industry Survey • Large and medium scale manufacturing industry survey • Small scale manufacturing industry survey • Cottage and handcrafts survey (every 3 years) Trade.

Title Price Statistics • CPI • PPI Social Statistics • Child labour survey • Labour force survey • Health and nutrition survey • Employment and Unemployment survey Welfare Monitoring Surveys • Household Income Consumption Expenditure (HICE) • Demography and Health Survey (DHS) • Welfare Monitoring Survey (every 3 years) Ethiopian Rural Economy Atlas Frequency Monthly Every 5 years Annual Every 5 years Annual Every 5 years 2006 10 .

92 80.8% male female • Projected life expectancy(1) • Infant.62% 11.221 million 5.75 2.2) From 1994 census for the years 2005-2010 .60 57. 132 respectively 36. of birth a women would have by the end of her child bearing)(1) 79. 56.4) CPI 2007 11 .3) Statistical Abstract 2007 .The country’s brief profile • Population (projection for 2008)(1) • Total fertility (No.4% 17.4 55. Child & Under – five mortality rate per 1000 live birth(2) Crude birth rate (CBR) /1000(2) Crude death rate (CDR) /1000(2) Growth rate • Price inflation (GR)(2) • GDP growth rate 2007(3) 2007(4) Sources: 1) 1994 Census .89 10.

et This booklet has been produced in collaboration with PARIS21 12 .Box: 1143 E-mail: csa@ethionet.et Website: www.csa.Fax: 251-11-1550334 . Ethiopia Tel: 251-11-1553011/251-11-1578156 .Central Statistical Agency.gov.