Lehigh Preserve
Fritz Laboratory Reports Civil and Environmental Engineering
1966
Y. Fukumoto
Recommended Citation
Galambos, T. V. and Fukumoto, Y., "Inelastic lateraltorsional buckling of beamcolumns, Proc. ASCE, Vol. 92, ST 2, April 1966,
Publication No. 299" (1966). Fritz Laboratory Reports. Paper 1345.
http://preserve.lehigh.edu/engrcivilenvironmentalfritzlabreports/1345
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Welded Continuous Frames and Their Components
Yuhshi Fukumoto
August 1963
SYNOPSIS
•
205A.34 ii
TABLE OF CONTENTS
'. SYNOPSIS. i
I INTRODUCTION 1
v SUMMARY 34
VI ACKNOWL.EDGEMENTS 37
VII NOTATIONS 38
IX REFERENCES
205A.34 1
, I. INTRODUCTION
moments as long as the moments and the axial force are below
Mo2MAX'
Assumptions
place.
stress.
bifurcation.
.>
205A.34 6
Equations of Equilibrium
a distance z from the end of the member (Fig. 4). The axial
My =P (u + ~y 0) (3)
. where ) = ~ and the end z = 0 is chosen such that eyB <: eyT •
e yT
205A.34 7
section. The axes § and? are shown in Fig. 4, and the axis ,:
. ::>
is in the direction of the tangent to the center line of the
~ 2 r
'?
du
x 1 {3 dz
y {3 1 dw
dz
du <Iv.
z CIZ  dz 1
f , 2 and
.0
that is,
MS = Mx + f3My (4)
Me = f3Mx + My (5 )
du dv
Mt > = M.x 
dz  My dz (6)
M,t3  los'iE
A dz
dA (8)
0'
The torque M§2 is due to the component of P causing
twisting about the shear center S' (Fig. 7), 11"3 is caused by
the components of the normal stresses on the warped cross
section, and ~o~ is the twist of the end reactions (see Fig. 8)
about the shear center.
Mf = p{[f+(In:Je , VJ T  (11)
H! 
dv
B)< dz 2 (14)
d 2/)
/V/z = 4 d2~ (15)
dfi <:7'19
~ = erE  CWd (16)
·,;: ...
'20SA.34
 0 , I
(17)
(20)
= 0
o (21)
205A.34 10
(23)
• occurr
equal to zero. This will usually not occur at the first trial,
follows:
material properties.
MomentCurvatureThrust Relationships
The determination of the M~P curves is accomplished
.
by assuming a specific stress distribution, and thus a yield
pattern, and then computing the corresponding values of P, M,
. K~'r\~l,\«C\._·\",,::>l;) Dec.J.le.
and 0 from geometry and equilibrium, (16) that is,
p~ JA
A
5"d ; M ~ (,,~ d A ; ¢ ~
J A
E,;/' (25 )
about the strong axis have been determined for the following
shown in F!~. 12 for t~~ 8WF3l shape and for E = 30,000 ksi;
•
f'y = 33 ksi; and f rc = 0.30 y • Also shown on the curves in
Stiffness. Parameters
has been previously bent in the plane of the web and which
j
j
(27 )
dr d('
G (29)
=
d~
d E. 7
where d 6' , de , and d'C and d r are the incremental changes
dz = G dy (30)
This equation is the same as the relationship which exists
in the elastic fibers of the cross section, and thus the in
elastic. Therefore,
CT = Gk r (31)
c) Warping Stiffnes~ Cw
Cw
=[; (/~~CiJ' l
1
El w (32)
Pattern of Fig. lle:
Cw =f2(/~2"') (~~J'!f')
/ + (I2C<)  8 ~3
j El w (33)
Pattern of Fig. lld:
(35)
Yo = [ ( 1 2(/)a
/+ (12fX/ 2
/J (dt) (36)
•
Pattern of Fig o llc:
~
Yo =  ; (dt) (38)
e) Coefficient. ,1()ldA
The coefficient irs2dA of the equivalent tor
is
)/S'dA (39)
coefficients are:
Pattern of Fig. llb:
(42)
>.
(43)
where
205A.34 22
(45)
and axial force are also known from the previous step where
the curve M/My versus Cw/CT; the curves M/My versus· yo/d
•
are illustrated in Fig. 15; and finally the curves in
1<r.r~A
Fig. 16 give the relationship between M/My and 1  ~CT 0
•
Two CDCs are shown in Fig. l7a. The axial force P,
axis slenderness ratio L/rx ' and all deformations take place
equal to its length from the end of the CDC. The moment at
the maximum end moment M0 2MAX (see Fig. 1) which the member
can sustain if failure occurs by excessive bending in the
plane of the applied moments (20) (21), and another one will
are two CDCs which have MoCR as their end moment~One (Fi.g. 17b)
is located on the ascending branch of the inplane M9
• curve in Fig. 1, and the other (Figo.'l7c), is located on the des
here.
205A.34 26
Computational Procedures
(3) From the input of step (1) above and for the
puted.
Characteristic Determinants
(Eqs. (22) and (23) with the boundary conditions of Eqo (24)
at each pivotal point i = 1 through i = n  1 gave 2 (n  1)
lateraltorsional buckling.
.... , ..
" Buckling Strength'
•
Usually it was not possible to estimate the critical
upper bound was determined from the fact that MoCR could not
be larger than the end moment corresponding to failure by
" two equal end moments cause the member to be bent in single
205A.34 30
..
. ~
curvature deformation. Since inelastic lateraltorsional
cation for L = O.
v. SUMMARY
this. paper:
on digital computers •
•
205A.34 37
VI • ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
VII. NOTATIONS
•
~,
~ Moments of inertia about the x and y axis,
respectively
205A.34 39
L Length of beamcolumn
M Bending moment
P Axial. thrust
Axial load corresponding to yield stress level,
.
Py =A 0 Y
205A.34 40
t Flange thickness
u, v Displacement of shear center in x and y
directions, respectively
w Web thickness
x, y Principal coordinates of the cross section
f3i1, f3 i ,
Twisting angle f3 at each pivotal point, i1, i,
f3 i +1
and i+1, respectively
•
t Shearing strain
205A~34 41
Curvature
Curvature corresponding to first yield in
flexure (Orc = 0)
A coefficient indicating yielding in the tension
flange
205A.34 42
"
. ,.:
. . .i.
. ....
.. '
" \' .. '.' "
TABLll
'.
lOmNT  CURVATUII  TBRUST ULATIOIsBIPS
. Yie14
Patterns
.]E',:, .
oeb·tHI·· '.
.
 :.:llc V
'.'
.,...
rc
a
r·.a .
.R __.___
yy
=0"
t'
Given
. I
. " '('t\L!J < ,/.'< ..L" 0<, .. ~ « ~ T
Llmita A l' Rt. 714f1  :,. . . Z
It
. Yie14
ICxteulons
Bea4iq
MomeDt
•
.r:
* w
• •
.:. ..
..
.~ .:. : :".. ,
.
. ,.
.
. ., ~ ' .
.~ . . .
. : .
:.' .
. . . . i " "
CONTIHUED
Yield
Patterns,
Give~ ,

t ·t ~
,...:L < r .< /:7 ,7" < Y, ~ 1
"
.J
d
Limits Rc.+flt fJ /
t
;r ~, J'~
/ 'i ,~"
._< ~ , 'I
T or (/ :...t) 2+llc.
. kc#"gt; ~ , /z.' < /  1,
"
2(11)  l
."
+/Pt
. ,
,Bendiaa
Moment
I .
1:''
I:'
I
205A.34 44
  ...~ M02MAX
.ELASTIC
LIMIT
•
x±x
...
e
Fig. 1 MQ9 for BeamColumns
205A.34 45
en
en
l.LJ
0:::
I
en
STRAIN
CTrc
 art
.1
r' It
 ..... x d
w
_ _ _+_ _...... It
. __
I~ b_~
orc
Fig. 3 Assumed Cooling Residual Stress Pattern
205A.34 46
p
L
I~
z• (+M y) I0
xl
xz plane
{+Mx )
~YBLrr
:::::" 0
~e~T
y  z plane
x du
dz
ff Qy
°r
t Qy
p
Qy
Qx( =0)
X
l
h
I 0 I
II I 0 I
2. P,M
vs.
a, Y,'/I,v
3. p,M,a,Y,
vs.
"',v 5. Column Deflection
8."CT,C W'PYo'!uldA Curves (P,Lvs. M )
4. P,M
vs.
Cross Sectional
Coefficients
~
6. Coefficients Aij
In
Finite Difference
EQuations
I
7. Determinants No
IAijl=O?
Yes
•
8. Buckling Strength
(P LM)
N
o
.~
ab ab
H H
U'////
I
\Jl
o
I
. " .
p =0 Mp
(0 ) ( b) (c)
===:..... _~~.. : My =1.107
P..;..y
to.)
o
~
0.2 _M=I.003
Mpc ·
1.0
~ y
~
"'f

M (0 ) (e) for >8.95 0.4 =0.765
My y
0.5
0.6
.. =0.517
(d)
o 3
•
Fig. 12 MomentCurvatureThrust Relationships ....
\,Jl
•
for Strong Axis Bending, 8WF3l, Rc = 0.3
•
N
o
.~
0.8
M
My
0.6 M pc
r My
Yield pattern
of Fig. lid
0.4
Yield pattern
of Fig. II b
0.2
Elastic
o 2 4 6 8
I
Fig. 13 M/My versus By Curves VI
N
I
N
0
.w~
.p
1.0
P
=0
Py
0.8
M
My 0.2
0.6
Mpc
My
0.4
0.4
Yield pattern
of Fig. II b 0.6
0.2
Elastic
o 5 10 15 20 25 X (10)2
Cw
C (in2 )
T
I
VI
Fig. 14 M/My versus Cw/CT Curves W
I
..
'" '
N
o
.~
1.0 1++....+oI11+____
p
""P.'" =0.2
y
O.S'
0.6
M~c
My . Yield pattern of
Fig..11 d
.
04 1t::~~__r_tt;t====1~
Yield pattern of
Fig. II b
0.2 ... +....,..~~=++++
Elastic
N
o
.~
Yield pattern
of
Fig. lib
Mpc
M {My
My 
(0)
p p
_ ...... liII!:==.l::..!l.....l...=
~ .L.._...L._~ ~_
I
I
I"oro
p
~/
(e)
~
•
. . •
N
o
~
.
1.0 S:i1Ure:: To Excessive Bending
\'.... ~
\ .............. ~
\ \
L_ \
~~~
 ....   /  
~
\
\
\
I
\Jl
......
I
205A.34 58
..
~=IAI
1000
500
0 0.6 1.0
Mo
500 My
1000
:. 2000
P
. R=O.2
Y
3000
4000
5000
Ir+:.~~=+==:ltj~t~L
o
1.0 .~
I I
0.8
I~ = 0.21
Mo
My
0.6
*0 or
0.4
0.2 I~~+++\+
N
o
1.0 .~
0.6 t':::::::Il4=~_++_P M
o
I
1& ili7 
My I_ L .. I
0.4 1+7"f~_+_\+_
+~O0)
0.2
o 20 40 60 80 100
Lrx
I
Fig. 21 LateralTorsional Buckling Strength Curves 0'\
o
I
for P/Py = 0.4
. •
..
N
o
1.0
.~
0.8 * y = 0.6
Mop I
0.6
P
i~L
,.. Q°T
..t  
0.2 ~o
I 07
o 20 40 60 80 100
rL
x
I
0'\
Fig. 22 LateralTorsional Buckling Strength Curves t'
I
IX 0 REFERENC ES
1. Bleich, F.
BUCKLING STRENGTH OF METAL STRUCTURES,
Chapters 3 and 4, McGrawHill, New York,
1952
20 Timoshenko, ·S 0» Gere, J. Mo
THEORY OF ELASTIC STABILITY,
Chapters 5 and 6, McGrawHill, New York,
1961
3. Galambos, T. V.; Ketter, Ro Lo
COLUMNS UNDER COMBINED BENDING AND THRUST,
ASCE Trans., Vol. 126, Part I, pol, 1961
4. Van Kuren, C.; Galambos, T. Vo
BEAMCOLUMN EXPERIMENTS,
Fritz Engineering Laboratory Report No.
205A.30, July 1961
5. Galambos, T. V.; Lay, M. G.
ENDMOMENT ENDROTATION CHARACTERISTICS FOR BEAM
COLUMNS,
Fritz Engineering Laboratory Report No.
205A.35, May 1962
6. Lee, G. C.
A SURVEY OF LITERATURE ON THE LATERAL
INSTABILITY OF BFAMS,
Welding Research Council Bulletin 63,
po 50, August 1960
7. Neal, B. G.
THE LATERAL INSTABILITY OF YIELDED MILD STEEL
BFAMS OF RECTANGULAR CROSS SECTION,
Phil., Trans. of Royal Society, Vol. 242,
Series A, January 1950
•
8. Wittrick, Wo H.
LATERAL INSTABILITY OF RECTANGULAR BFAMS OF
STRAINHARDENING MATERIAL UNDER UNIFORM BENDING,
J~urnal of Aeronautical Science, 19 (12), 835,
December 1952
205A.34 63
9~ Horne, M. R.
CRITICAL LOADING CONDITIONS OF ENGINEERING
STRUCTURES·,
Ph.D. Dissertation, Cambridge University, 1950
10. White, M. W.
THE LATERALTORSIONAL BUCKLING OF YIELDED
STRUCTURAL STEELMEMBERS,
Ph.D. Dissertation, Lehigh University, 1956
11. Lee, G. C.
INELASTIC LATERAL INSTABILITY OF BEAMS AND
THEIR BRACING REQUIREMENTS,
Ph.D. Dissertation, Lehigh University,
1960
12. Lee, G. C.; Galambos, T. V.
.t
POSTBUCKLING STRENGTH OF WIDEFLANGE BEAMS,
Proc. of ASCE, Vol. 88, No. EM1, February, 1962
13. Galambos, T. V.
INELASTIC LATERAL BUCKLING OF BEAMS,
Fritz Engineering Laboratory Report No. 205A.28,
Lehigh University, October, 1960
14. Galambos, T. V.
INELASTIC LATERALTORSIONAL BUCKLING OF
ECCENTRICALLY LOADED WIDEFLANGE BEAMS
Ph.D. Dissertation, Lehigh University, 1959
15. Fukumoto, Y.
INELASTIC LATERALTORSIONAL BUCKLING OF BEAM
COLUMNS,
Ph.D. Dissertation, Lehigh University, 1963
16. Ketter, R. L.; Kaminsky, E. L.; Beedle, L. S.
PLASTIC DEFORMATIONS OF WIDEFLANGE BEAM
COLUMNS,
., ASCE Trans. Vol. 120, p.1058, 1955
17. Reuss, A. ..
BERUCKSICHTIGUNG DER ELASTISCHEN FORMANDERUNG IN
DER PLASTIZITATSTHEORIE,
Z. angew. Math. & Mech., Vol. 10, p.226, 1930
205A.34 64
,
18. Hill, R.; Siebel, M. P. L.
ON COMBINED BENDING AND TWISTING OF THIN TUBES
IN THE PLASTIC RANGE,
Phil. Mag. 42 (7), p.772, 1951
19. Prager, W.; Hodge, P. G.
THEORY OF PERFECTLY PlASTIC SOLIDS,
John Wiley & Sons, New York, 1951
20. Ojalvo, M.
RESTRAINED COLUMNS,
Ph.D. Dissertation, Lehigh University, 1960
21. Ojalvo, M.; Fukumoto, Y.
NOMOGRAPHS FOR THE SOLUTION OF BEAMCOLUMN
PROBLEMS ,
Welding Research Council Bulletin No. 78,
June, 1962
•
I