Oxen can pull heavier loads, and pull for a longer period of time than horses. On the other hand, they are also slower than horses, which has both advantages and disadvantages; their pulling style is steadier, but they cannot cover as much ground in a given period of time. For agricultural purposes, oxen were more suitable for heavy tasks such as breaking sod or ploughing in wet, heavy, or clayey, soil. When hauling freight, oxen could move very heavy loads in a slow and steady fashion. They are at a disadvantage compared to horses when it is necessary to pull a plow or load of freight relatively quickly. For millennia, oxen also could pull heavier loads due to the use of the yoke, which was designed to work best with the neck and shoulder anatomy of cattle. Until the invention of the horse collar, which allowed the horse to engage the pushing power of its hindquarters in moving a load,

2. Horse . Well-trained oxen in general are also considered less excitable than horses.horses could not pull with their full strength because the yoke was incompatible with their anatomy.

In hippotherapy.[187] There are also experimental programs using horses in prison settings. and speech therapy treatment strategies that utilize equine movement. balance. occupational. a therapist uses the horse's movement to improve their patient's cognitive. "Equineassisted" or "equine-facilitated" therapy is a form of experiential psychotherapy that uses horses as companion animals to assist people with mental illness.People of all ages with physical and mental disabilities obtain beneficial results from association with horses. coordination. Exposure to horses appears to improve the behavior of inmates and help reduce recidivism when they leave .[186] Horses also provide psychological benefits to people whether they actually ride or not. Therapeutic riding is used to mentally and physically stimulate disabled persons and help them improve their lives through improved balance and coordination. and a greater feeling of freedom and independence.[184] The benefits of equestrian activity for people with disabilities has also been recognized with the addition of equestrian events to the Paralympic Games and recognition of para-equestrian events by the International Federation for Equestrian Sports (FEI). including anxiety disorders. mood disorders. whereas therapeutic horseback riding uses specific riding skills. behavioral difficulties.[185] Hippotherapy and therapeutic horseback riding are names for different physical. and fine motor skills. increased selfconfidence. and those who are going through major life changes. psychotic disorders.

whilst those farmed for eggs are called egg-laying hens. for both their meat and their eggs. Chickens will naturally live for 6 or more years. In total. and 68 percent of eggs are produced this way. The vast majority of poultry are raised using intensive farming techniques. but broiler chickens typically take less than six weeks to reach slaughter size. According to the Worldwatch Institute.Chicken More than 50 billion chickens are reared annually as a source of food. 74 percent of the world's poultry meat. . the UK alone consumes over 29 million eggs per day. they are slaughtered after about 12 months. when the hens' productivity starts to decline.3.[3] One alternative to intensive poultry farming is free range farming. Chickens farmed for meat are called broiler chickens. For laying hens. Some hens can produce over 300 eggs a year.

Advocates of intensive farming say that their highly efficient systems save land and food resources due to increased productivity. 4. . creates human health risks and is inhumane.Friction between these two main methods has led to long term issues of ethical consumerism. Opponents of intensive farming argue that it harms the environment. stating that the animals are looked after in state-of-the-art environmentally controlled facilities.

[6][103] Especially in developing countries. especially the pig. However. which may be niche markets focused on organic or sustainable agriculture and local food customers. chicken. Sheep also play a major role in many local economies.[14] China. Sheep themselves may be a medium of trade in barter economies All Images Press Release 08-192 The Building Blocks of Life Researchers compare rates of food intake and growth in birds and mammals Back to article | Note about images . India. Australia. such flocks may be a part of subsistence agriculture rather than a system of trade. and serve both local and exportation needs for wool and mutton. their once-vital status has been largely replaced by other livestock species.[102] Other countries such as New Zealand have smaller flocks but retain a large international economic impact due to their export of sheep products. and Iran have the largest modern flocks.Sheep are an important part of the global agricultural economy. and cow.

Social Uses of Animals Market in Goroka Town .

Social Uses of Animals Market in Goroka Town .

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