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NQESH – Principal’s Test Review Materials

By Mark Anthony Llego Oct 30, 2017

The National Qualifying Examination for School Heads (NQESH), also known as the Principal’s Test,

serves as a mechanism for selecting school heads in the public education sector. The

Principal’s Test is open to all interested applicants for Principal I positions.

The schedule for the conduct of the 2015 Principals’ Test is reset to September 27, 2015.

The 2015 Principals’ Test is based on the seven (7) domains of the National Competency-Based

Standards for School Heads (NCBSSH). The 21stCentury Managerial Skills are already

integrated in the said 7 domains. Furthermore, there will be no more items on

communication skills.

1. Informal Education – This refers to the lifelong process of learning by which every

person acquires and accumulates knowledge, skills, attitudes and insights from daily

experiences at home, at work, at play and from life itself.

2. Integrated Schools – Schools that offer a complete basic education in one school site

and has unified instructional program.

3. Basic Education – It covers early childhood education, elementary, high school,

alternative learning system and special needs education.

4. Operating Officers – DepEd officials who are directly involved in the implementation,

evaluation and monitoring plans, programs and projects of the department.

5. Adults Learners – These are learners who are aged 25 years old and above who are

illiterates or neo-literates who have either no access to formal education or have

reverted to illiteracy.

6. Schools Division Superintendent – He/she can appoint only teachers, school

heads/principals and division education supervisors.

7. Regional Director – He/she can direct the establishment of another new district upon

the recommendation of the Schools Division Superintendent.

8. Regional Director – He/she can exercise disciplinary action over the teaching

personnel only.

9. Republic Act 9155 – An act that renamed the DECS into DepEd abolished the BPESS

(Bureau of Physical Education and School Sports) and the transfer of the Komisyon ng

Wikang Pilipino, national Historical Institute, Records Management and Archives to the

National Commission for Culture and Arts (NCCA).

10. Republic Act 9155 – Known as the Governance of Education Act of 2001

11. Republic Act 8980 – Known as the Early Childhood Care and Development Act

12. Republic Act 10157 – Known as the Kindergarten Education Act

13. Republic Act 8525 – Known as the Adopt-a-School Act of 1998

14. Republic Act 7836 – Known as the Philippine Teachers Professionalization Act of


15. Republic Act 8190 – Known as the Localization Law

16. Republic Act 4670 – Known as the Magna Carta for Public School Teachers
17. Republic Act 6713 – Known as the Code of Conduct and Ethical Standards for Public

Officials and Employees

18. Republic Act 7160 – Known as the Local Government Code of 1991

19. Republic Act 7041 – Known as the Publication Law

20. Republic Act 9184 – Known as the Government Procurement Reform Act

21. Republic Act 7610 – Known as the Special Protection of Children against Abuse,

Exploitation and Discrimination

22. Republic Act 7880 – Known as the Fair and Equitable Allocation of the DECS Budget

for Capital Outlay

23. Republic Act 7877 – Known as the Anti-Sexual Harassment Act of 1995

24. Batas Pambansa 232 – Known as the Education Act of 1982

25. Presidential Decree 603 – Known as the Child and Youth Welfare Code of the


26. Community Linkages – It is the learning environments that respond to the

aspirations of the community domain of the NCBTS.

27. Career Service – It is based on merit and fitness determined as far as practicable by

competitive examinations as based on highly technical qualifications.

28. MT 1 for 3 years and MA academic requirements – Qualifications to become a

Master Teacher II.

29. Transfer – It is the movement of the employee from one position to another which is

of equivalent rank level or salary without break in the service.

30. Promotion – It is the advancement of the employee from one position to another

with an increase in duties and responsibilities and usually accompanied by an increase

in salary.

31. Reinstatement – It is the issuance of an appointment to a person who has been

previously appointed to a position in a career service and who has through no

delinquency or misconduct, been separated therefrom exonerating him specifies

restoration to his previous position.

32. Reassignment – It is the movement of one employee from on organizational to

another in the same department or agency which does not involve a reduction in rank,

status or salary.

33. Six (6) months only – An additional period given to a public employee who is already

65 years old but not achieved 15 years in the service.

34. Eight (8) hours and five (5) working days – It is the number of hours and days a

teacher should render his/her services.

35. Six (6) teaching hours and two (2) working hours – It is the complete teaching and

working hours of a teacher in a day.

36. Technical Skill – This is a management skill given to employees who are unfamiliar

with their job or present assignment.

37. Strategic Planning – It is the process of setting directions for an institution to realize

what it wants to achieve and to go where he wants to go.

38. 25 points in leadership and potential – A minimum point required to a Master

Teacher candidate in order to be promoted.

39. “The road to excellence starts here.” – A battle cry of every public school which

means excellence is management that orchestrates diverted at the different aspects

of principal operations to achieve the instructional goals of the school.

40. Portfolio Assessment – A diagnostic tool which provides pupil’s profile and the

emerging skills that will help him become increasingly independent learner and

evaluate his possession of knowledge.

41. Fifteen (15) days – Number of days a receipt of request by the school to the

issuance of official school certificates, diplomas, transcript of records, grades, transfer

credentials and similar documents and records.

42. Civil Service Manual – It contains the basic regulations, institution and information

which guide DepEd Central Office and the field personnel in carrying out the teacher

of the department.

43. DepEd Order, Memoranda and Bulletins – These are issued by the DepEd for

directions and regulations for the information of or compliance by the field.

44. Recruitment – It refers to the process of searching for and identifying job candidates

in sufficient quality and quantity.

45. Merit Promotion Plan – This provides guidelines, policies and procedures for

recruitment, selection and appointment.

46. Learning Management Plan – It is a document focused in learning composed of the

Professional Development Plan of school head, professional development plan of

teachers and student development activities.

47. Community of Practice (COP) – It is a group of professionals/workers bound to one

another based on common problems and pursuit of solutions.

48. Instructional Development – It is a means of determining the extent to which the

application of a new skill/competency learned contributed to improving teaching and


49. National Educators’ Academy of the Philippines (NEAP) – Formerly known as the

National Education Learning Center (NELC). It provides continuing strategic human

resource development programs for school managers and leaders within the context

of emerging legitimate demands.

50. Mentoring – It is developmental, caring, sharing and helping relationships where one

person invests time, know-how and effort in enhancing another person’s growth,

knowledge and skills.

51. Code of Ethical Standards – It defines the administrative disciplinary case as one

wherein an official or employee of the government is prosecuted for an act or

omission punishable as a non-penal offense as provided for in the Civil Service Law,

Administrative Law and other laws.

52. Grievance Procedure – It is referred to as workable procedure for determining or

providing the best way to remedy the specific cause or causes of the grievance.

53. Property Accountability – It is the obligation imposed by law on an official for

keeping accurate records of property.

54. The Principal’s Guidelines Regarding Standard Operating Procedures for

Teachers and Accounting of Government Property – This is to enable the principal

to group property management as applied to teachers in her particular school.

55. Performance Indicators – It refers to the several key indicators that can be

computed and utilized for evaluating the educational systems performance at various


56. Participation Rate – It is the ratio between the enrolments in the school age range

to the total population of that range.

57. Growth Enrolment Rate – It refers to the total enrolment in a given level of

education as a percentage of a population which according to national regulations

should be enrolled at this level. It is the measure of the capacity of a regional

elementary and secondary school.

58. Cohort Survival Rate – It is the proportion of enrollees at the beginning grade or

year who reach the final grade or year at the end of the required number of years of


59. Completion Rate – It is the percentage of first year entrants in a level of education

who completes/finishes the level of accordance with the required number of year of


60. Drop-out Rate – It is the proportion of pupils who leave the school during the year

as well as those who complete the grade/year level but fail to enroll in the next

grade/year following the school year to the total number of pupils during the previous

school year.

61. Transition Rate – It is the percentage of pupils who graduate from one level of

education and none on the higher next level.

62. Achievement Rate – It refers to the degree of performance in different study areas

in various levels of education.

63. Mean Performance Score (MPS) – It indicates the ratio between the number of

correctly answered items and the total number of test questions or the percentage of

correctly answered item in a test.

64. Teacher-Pupil Ratio – It is the proportion of enrolment at a certain level of

education in a given school year to the number of authorized nationally-paid


65. M2 (moderate) Maturity Level of Teacher – A maturity level of teacher who does

not need only direction and supervision but needs encouragement or support and

recognition for a job done.

66. Encouraging Style of Leadership – It is described as a combination of high directive

(task) and high supportive behavior and is most appropriate to be used to people who

have some competence but lack of commitment.

67. DepEd Order No. 28, 2005 – It recognizes the Red Cross Youth (RCY) as official co-

curricular organization in the school and encourages every elementary and secondary

student to enlist as members of the Junior Red Cross Youth (JRCY) and the Senior Red

Cross Youth (SRCY).

68. Republic Act 8190 – The law that provides that teachers-applicant or teachers-

transferee for that matter given priority if they are bonafide residents of the barangay,

municipality or province where the school recipient is located.

69. DepEd Order Number 22, series 2005 – It includes the BSP, GSP, PNRY, and Anti-TB

Education Drive as voluntary basis of contribution.

70. Peer Supervision – It is being done to Teacher 1 and Teacher 2.

71. Intensive-Guided Supervision – It is being given to new teachers in the school.

72. Collaborative Supervision – It is given to teachers who prefer to work cooperatively

with the supervisor in developing a supervision form.

73. Registry of Qualified Applicants – It refers to the list of applicants deemed to have met

the qualifications required by law based on the evaluation and selection guidelines for

teacher positions in the elementary and secondary public schools.

74. Management – It is a way the principals use themselves to create a school climate

characterized by staff productivity, pupil productivity and creative thought.

75. Managerial Acumen – It is the systematic application of an array of skills that

provide an orderly, efficient and effective school environment.

76. Potential – This takes into account the employee’s capability not only to perform the

duties and assume the responsibilities of the position to be filled but also to those of

higher and more responsible positions.

77. School Climate – It refers to the sum of all values, cultures, safety practices and

organizational structures within a school that cause it to function and react in

particular ways.

78. Alternative Learning System (ALS) – It is a parallel learning system to provide a viable

alternative to the existing formal education.

79. Quality Education – It is an appropriateness, relevance and excellence of the

education given to meet the needs and aspirations of an individual in a society.

80. DepEd Subsidized Program – It is known as the pre-school education funded by the

PTA and other organizations.

81. Principle of Shared Governance – It is the principle which recognizes that every unit

in the education bureaucracy has a particular role, task and responsibility inherent in

the office.

82. Inferring – It the process of reading between the lines or drawing of implications.

83. School-Based Management – It enables and empowers stakeholders to manage

their own affairs for improved delivery of educational services in a sustainable


84. Accountability Mechanism – It is the criteria and quality dimensions of the school-

based management that includes resourcing, classroom structuring and pupil/student


85. Crisis Management – It is a term generally applied to critical situation, a turning

point characterized by a sense of urgency.

86. Threat – An element of crisis management which is a potential hindrance to some

state of goal desired by an organization or individual.

87. Decision – This element of crisis management refers to time in short when the

situation will be altered in the near future after which no decision can be made only

under less favorable circumstances.

88. Surprise – The element of crisis management which refers to lack of self-awareness

by those affected by the crisis, is likely to occur, but is not equated with the lack of

planned response to the situation.

89. Brainstorming – It involves the spontaneous identification of alternatives by

individuals interacting in an unrestrained setting.

90. Synectics – This is a creativity technique that involves the identification of novel

alternatives through the joining together of different and apparently irrelevant


91. Normal Grouping – It is the identification of alternatives through a highly structured

procedure that purposely attempts to restrict verbal interaction.

92. School Plant – It refers to the school facilities of the school consisting of the site,

buildings and other structures.

93. Republic Act 9155, Section 14 – It refers to the implementing rules and regulations

known as Authority, Responsibility and Accountability (AuRA).

94. Technical Competencies – This refers to the development of the curriculum and

supervision to ensure the full implementation of the curriculum.

95. Human Resource Competencies – This refers to the role of the principal on the

collaborative method which is complex and it involves many variables; issues deal with

human factor affecting the staff, attitudes and perception of the staffs, climate

conducive to productive work and emphasis on interpersonal issues.

96. Political Competencies – It is a role which refers to limited resources, principals will

either have to use for some resources; the principal develops ways to collaborate and

cooperate in sharing those resources.

97. Architectural Competencies – This is the process by which the administrators use

to frame/construct roles and relationships that will allow organizations to get things


98. Bank – It refers to World Bank (WB), the lending agency for the NPSBE Project.
99. National Program Support to Basic Education (NPSBE) – A 200 million US dollars

program support loan secured by the government from the World Bank to finance in

part of the various key reform thrusts outlined in the BESRA.

100. Support to the Philippine Basic Education Reforms (SPHERE) – A grant fund

from the Australian AID Trust Fund amounting to 41 million Au$.

101. School Based Management – The decentralization of decision-making authority

from central, regional, and division levels to the individual schools with the intent

bringing together the school heads, teachers, students as well as the parents, the local

government units, and the community at large in bringing improved learning

outcomes through effective schools.

102. Grant – The funding facility authorized to be used by the schools in SBM

operations, also known as the SBM Support and Installation Fund or the SBM Grant.

103. School Improvement Plan – An education development plan that shows the

intent and design that the schools will undertake to introduce improvements in

learning outcomes within the context of SBM in prescribed period and at a given cost.

104. Annual Improvement Plan – It identifies the problems and objectives for one

school year and the intervention programs that include strategies and learning

activities, time frame for implementing the activities, persons responsible, and

resources needed which are appropriate to achieve the objectives set.

105. Qualified Recipient Schools – These are public elementary and secondary

schools with grant applications submitted to their respective Division Offices and

found to be eligible under the terms and conditions of this set of guidelines.
106. Eligible Activities and Expenditure Items – These are activities and

expenditure items within the parameters set out in the NPSBE Loan Agreement and

which are recognized as reimbursable by the World Bank.

107. School Grant Proposal – A school program/or project proposal that primarily

focuses on the development of ideal or educationally maximal learning environment

for children based on the accepted/approved SIP/AIP submitted to the Division Office

that outlines a proposed project and shows budgetary requirements and requests

monetary assistance in the form of a grant.

108. Implementing Units – It refers to the secondary schools that maintain separate

book of accounts.

109. Non-implementing Units – It refers to public elementary and secondary schools

without separate book of accounts that are under the direct supervision of the

division offices.

110. High Priority Divisions – These refer to the 40 highly challenged DepEd divisions

whose performance indicators have been computed as way below standards.

111. 4Ps Program – It is a poverty reduction measure of the Philippine government

that focuses on human capital investment in the poorest of the poor households in

the country.

112. 4Ps Schools – These are public elementary schools within the municipalities

covered by the 4Ps program managed by DSWD.

113. 7m x 9m classroom – The conventional design of classroom to be adopted for

all public elementary and secondary schools regardless of its location and class size.