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# Excel Review Center Review Course GEAS 1 TH – Solutions

1. A 12 cm-long spring… 11. A source of 4 kHz sound waves… 16. An object placed 60 cm in front of…

F  kx The source is moving towards the
Where x is the change in the spring’s length. o  60 cm
observer :  v s
F   400  0.14  0.12  The observer is moving towards the
i  30 cm
F  8 N  Ans source :  v o
1 1 1
 
f o i
2. A block oscillating… 1 1 1
Doppler Effect  
f 30 60
The movement is only from the maximum  v  vo  f  20 cm  Ans
stretch to the maximum compression, f'  f 
therefore it is only half of the total period.  v  vs 
This means that the total period is 0.50 s. 17. The image created by a converging…
vv   10v 
f
1

1
 2 Hz  Ans f '   4k   9    4k   9
T 0.50 vv   8v  The image is projected to a screen.
 9   9  Hence, the image is real and in verted.
 10 
3. How would the period of the… f '   4k     5 kHz  Ans i  60cm
 8  hi  ho / 4
m
T  2 12. A car is traveling at 20 m/s away… m
hi

i
k ho o
2m m The source is moving away from the  ho / 4
T '  2  2 
60
2k k observer :  v s ho o
The period will not change.  Ans The observer is stationary : v o  0 o  240cm
1 1 1
4. A block of mass m = 1.5 kg…  
Doppler Effect f o i
W  Fspring  v  vo  1 1 1
f'  f   
mg  kx  v  vs  f 240 60
f  48 cm  Ans
mg 1.5  9.81  340  0 
x  f '   600   
k 300  340  20  18. When green light (wavelength = 500…
x  5 cm  Ans  340 
f'    600   Ans c
 360  o 
5. A simple pendulum swings about… f
v c/n
Simple Pendulum  
13. What is the wavelength of an X-ray… f f
L o
T  2 n
g v 3  108 
 
The period if a simple pendulum is f 1  1018 500nm
 2.4
independent of its angular displacement.   3  1010 m  Ans 
Therefore, the period will not change.
Period  T  Ans   208 nm  Ans
14. A beam of light in air is incident upon…
19. Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics
6. A spring–block simple harmonic… With respect to the surface: 60
With respect to the normal: 30 20. In an adiabatic process, the total heat
Simple Harmonic Motion
n1 sin 1  n2 sin 2 absorbed or released is zero.
m First Law of Thermodynamics
T  2 1 sin  30   1.5  sin  2 
k E  Q  W
The period if a simple harmonic motion is 2  19
E  0  W
independent of its acceleration. Therefore,  30 and 19  Ans The work done by the environment on the
the period will not change.
system equals the change in internal
Period  T  Ans 15. An object of height 4 cm is placed… energy *
7. A sound wave with a frequency… ho  4 cm 21. A steel beam used in the construction…
The velocity of sound at room temperature o  30 cm L  Lo T
in air is 343 m/s. f  10 cm  concave   
L  1.2  105  30  35  15 
v 343
   1 m  Ans 1 1 1
L  7.2 mm  Ans
f 343 s  
f o i
1 1 1 22. A heat engine draws 800 J of heat…
8. A sound wave traveling through…  
10 30 i Q 600
e  1 C  1  25%  Ans
v  f   3  500   1500 Hz  Ans i  15 cm QH 800

9. A traveling wave on a rope… hi i 23. During each cycle, a heat engine…
m  Q 300 1
ho o e  1 C  1   Ans
v 1.5 QH 400 4
   0.6 m  Ans hi 15
f 2.5 
4 30
24. The melting point of copper is 1,080°C…
10. The period of a traveling wave… hi  2
2 cm, inverted.  Ans Assume that the object is already on its
 0.4 melting point.
v  f    0.8 m  Ans
T 0.5 s Q  mL
2000   m  200k 
m  0.01 kg  Ans