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Excel Review Center Review Course GEAS 1 TH – Solutions

1. A 12 cm-long spring… 11. A source of 4 kHz sound waves… 16. An object placed 60 cm in front of…

F  kx The source is moving towards the
Where x is the change in the spring’s length. o  60 cm
observer :  v s
F   400  0.14  0.12  The observer is moving towards the
i  30 cm
F  8 N  Ans source :  v o
1 1 1
 
f o i
2. A block oscillating… 1 1 1
Doppler Effect  
f 30 60
The movement is only from the maximum  v  vo  f  20 cm  Ans
stretch to the maximum compression, f'  f 
therefore it is only half of the total period.  v  vs 
This means that the total period is 0.50 s. 17. The image created by a converging…
vv   10v 
f
1

1
 2 Hz  Ans f '   4k   9    4k   9
T 0.50 vv   8v  The image is projected to a screen.
 9   9  Hence, the image is real and in verted.
 10 
3. How would the period of the… f '   4k     5 kHz  Ans i  60cm
 8  hi  ho / 4
m
T  2 12. A car is traveling at 20 m/s away… m
hi

i
k ho o
2m m The source is moving away from the  ho / 4
T '  2  2 
60
2k k observer :  v s ho o
The period will not change.  Ans The observer is stationary : v o  0 o  240cm
1 1 1
4. A block of mass m = 1.5 kg…  
Doppler Effect f o i
W  Fspring  v  vo  1 1 1
f'  f   
mg  kx  v  vs  f 240 60
f  48 cm  Ans
mg 1.5  9.81  340  0 
x  f '   600   
k 300  340  20  18. When green light (wavelength = 500…
x  5 cm  Ans  340 
f'    600   Ans c
 360  o 
5. A simple pendulum swings about… f
v c/n
Simple Pendulum  
13. What is the wavelength of an X-ray… f f
L o
T  2 n
g v 3  108 
 
The period if a simple pendulum is f 1  1018 500nm
 2.4
independent of its angular displacement.   3  1010 m  Ans 
Therefore, the period will not change.
Period  T  Ans   208 nm  Ans
14. A beam of light in air is incident upon…
19. Zeroth Law of Thermodynamics
6. A spring–block simple harmonic… With respect to the surface: 60
With respect to the normal: 30 20. In an adiabatic process, the total heat
Simple Harmonic Motion
n1 sin 1  n2 sin 2 absorbed or released is zero.
m First Law of Thermodynamics
T  2 1 sin  30   1.5  sin  2 
k E  Q  W
The period if a simple harmonic motion is 2  19
E  0  W
independent of its acceleration. Therefore,  30 and 19  Ans The work done by the environment on the
the period will not change.
system equals the change in internal
Period  T  Ans 15. An object of height 4 cm is placed… energy *
7. A sound wave with a frequency… ho  4 cm 21. A steel beam used in the construction…
The velocity of sound at room temperature o  30 cm L  Lo T
in air is 343 m/s. f  10 cm  concave   
L  1.2  105  30  35  15 
v 343
   1 m  Ans 1 1 1
L  7.2 mm  Ans
f 343 s  
f o i
1 1 1 22. A heat engine draws 800 J of heat…
8. A sound wave traveling through…  
10 30 i Q 600
e  1 C  1  25%  Ans
v  f   3  500   1500 Hz  Ans i  15 cm QH 800

9. A traveling wave on a rope… hi i 23. During each cycle, a heat engine…
m  Q 300 1
ho o e  1 C  1   Ans
v 1.5 QH 400 4
   0.6 m  Ans hi 15
f 2.5 
4 30
24. The melting point of copper is 1,080°C…
10. The period of a traveling wave… hi  2
2 cm, inverted.  Ans Assume that the object is already on its
 0.4 melting point.
v  f    0.8 m  Ans
T 0.5 s Q  mL
2000   m  200k 
m  0.01 kg  Ans

GIVE YOUR BEST SHOT !

6%.04kg  0.1 4. Calculate the mole fraction of… Q  mcT c b  2c a Assume 100 g of solution. expansion and the change in temperature are also the same.1667 Q  mcT  mL v  mc Tsteam %n  0.2 g mol mac a Ta  mw c w Tw  0 V  10 L  Ans MMTotal.333  10 4  40.H 28.2551  4.5  0.03  Tf  100   44.Excel Review Center Review Course GEAS 1 TH – Solutions 25. Steel is a better heat conductor.11  Propane is C3H8 0. How many grams of sugar (C12H22O11)… MMH 1 c a  0.1667 mol V  2.0821 273  MMC 12 Qalloy  Qwater  0 MMP  14  2 1 MMTotal.5 molal  Ans 28.15 cm  Ans mol  2  C : 83. the coefficient of linear 38.11 29.000012  Ans MMTotal. Fifty grams of ice at 0◦ C is placed… kg solvent V 18 /  23  16  1 m  4.4% 31. Graham's Law L  Lo T  Lo  T    rA MMB 15. A surveyor's 30-m steel tape is… mw c w Tw  mmeltL f 0. The heat capacity of object B is… 45.50   50C  20C   kgC  masses Q  0.2551 Q  mcTice  mL f  mcTw %n   n total 0.C 143. First Law of Thermodynamics Qwater  Qice  0. The energy given off as heat by 300 g… #C    12 V mRT  12.5 130  100    0. A slab of material has area A… rB MMA Lo  15.5 51.164 172   28.5mol  16 g   6   240 g  Ans A  0. Calculate the percent composition… 33. If 28.8%  Ans 100 1 Tf  70   0 m solute 28. The specific heat of lead is… m / 12  12  22  1  11 16  0.51 m  Ans rX 1 2  16 Heat Conduction Rate   P  kA  T1  T2  / L 30.5 grams  Ans PV  nRT 30.4%  Ans m solution 185 pH  10log H    pH  10log 1 10 13  13  Ans GIVE YOUR BEST SHOT ! . What would be the number of moles… L  Lo T mmelt  7.H  0. A molecular substance is 83. If a gas diffuses at a rate of ½ as fast… 39.0821 373  n  0.25 Qlead  Qwater  0 MMC 3  12 m  9. Gold has a specific heat of… n solute 0.4 g  Ans %C   mlc lTl  mw c w Tw  0 MMC3H8 3  12  8  1  300  0.2 cal  Ans  The compound is C12H28 . On a cold winter day (5°C)…  m  c a  Tf  300   nH3PO4  0.6% carbon…  2.  kJ  Assume that the objects have equal There will be 25g H3PO4 and 75g H2O.6 kJ  600 J  Ans Qa  Qb  0 m H3PO4 25 nH3PO4   mac a Ta  mbc b Tb  0 MM H3PO4 3  1  31  4  16 26.00243 mol  Ans On that same day.11800  36. Absorption of energy as heat. Q   0.5  0   20    80  1100  0   2340 Q  10   Tgold   180C  Ans   540  0.058  Ans Q Q  m  cTice  L f  cTw  L v  cTsteam  T  46. Ten grams of ice at −20◦ C… 27.5 g of calcium hydroxide is… %C  81.5C  Ans %m    15. How much heat is required to raise… 34. The coefficient of linear expansion… rO2 2 MMX MMX  128 g  Ans A  A o T   2  A o T 41.C  0.1130  water  1 kg L 2340 Q  7450 cal  Ans n solute mass / MM Twood   13C  Ans m   0.01  30     30  T  PV  755 / 760  0.4  10 m  2400 cm  Ans 3 3 35. Calculate the molal concentration… mc 0. How many grams of oxygen are… mol    A   2  1 10 5 6  52  60  10  49. RT  0. Determine the pH given the following… Tf  72.333  10 4 37. 48. The coefficient of linear expansion of… 42. Calculate the volume at STP occupied… MMTotal  172 g mol   3  3  0.075  T  3.O : 16.836 172   143.8 g  m  mol PV  nRT    RT  MM  MMTotal.2551 mol V  Vo T  m  2ca  Tf  450   0 nH2 O  m H2O  75  V  4  10 5   235  5  Tf  400K  Ans MM H2O 2  1  16 3 nH2 O  4.19  6   mmelt  333  47.  Ans gC M n solute  m / MM L solution L solution 50. Latent heat: the temperature does not n  change.2  300  c a  50    300 1 40  30   0 #H    28 43.52  Lo  Lo 3.8 32.

45 4.1  4.92 mTotal.4 .H  0.1227 mol MMTotal..9%.H : 11.05 g mol MMTotal.84% mol Ag  109 : 48.12   8.F  0.C  0.5 n   0.1 g mol 55.9 #O    5. GIVE YOUR BEST SHOT ! .16% MMTotal.C 72.1226 mol MMC 12 MMNa 23 MMTotal. O : 55.12 g Ag  107 : 51. What is the molecular formula of a… There are 2 moles of Al in Al2O3 # of molecules  2  n  Na MMNaO : 23  16  39 g . is a fertilizer… it means that there are 2 moles of NaO. What is the empirical formula of a… 58.9    0.O 7.39%.H 11.Cl 4.62H11.H 14.0347 116.F 76 #F   4 MMF 19  The compound is C6H8F4 .11 g mTotal.6 g MMC  4 4  12 %C   mTotal.O 89. H : 5. What is the molecular formula for a… C : 46.144 100   14. Analysis of a sample of an ionic… MMTotal.4894 mol MMO 16 MMTotal.12   76 g mol MMTotal.1 g mol M    %i Mi  MMTotal. H : 3.C  0.9 g n   0.9  MMC 12 M  107.4616 156.194 mol MM 46 mTotal.1  64. Guanidin. mol 60.0516 156.61875 mol # of molecules  n  Na MMO 16  1. Nitrogen dioxide is a component of… O : 89. C : 41.H  0.16%.47%.03 #H    4.1226Cl0.02 g mol The compound is Na0.11.6 MMC4H8 O3 4  12  8  1  3  16 #C    7.1%  Ans C : 85.1 #H   8 MMH 1 MMTotal.4 mol MMH 1 The assumed compound is C7. HNC(NH2)2.35 mol # Cl    0.12   72.  The molecular formula is Na 2O 2.11 mol MMH 1 The assumed compound is O5.111100   11.4 g 62. Silver (Ag.03 mTotal.Excel Review Center Review Course GEAS 1 TH – Solutions 52.1% NO2 : 14  2  16  46 g Assume mTotal  100g mol m 8.O 64.H 8. Z 5 47) has 46 known. by weight… Assume mTotal  100g mTotal. MMTotal.H MMCl 35.13H14. Analysis of a sample of a covalent… %N  71.14%  The empirical formula is CH2 .83 MMH 1 #O    0.1227O0. 9 moles of Hydrogen atom..H : 14.899 100   89.C 85.O  0.02  The empirical formula is NaClO 4.0343 mol MM 102 53.5514 116.17  1023 molecules  Ans mTotal.4 #H    14.  Ans MMTotal  116.  Ans #O   4 MMO 16  The compound is C4H4O 4.1 #C   6 M   0.1  48. Maleic acid is a compound that is… mTotal.  Ans 56.16%.H  0.4% 61..Na 2.  Ans 57. Al2O3 : 2  27  3  16  102 g mol  The empirical formula is H2O.1 g mol MMTotal. Calculate the percent.13  1022 molecules  Ans Since the total molar mass is 78 g .O  0.05 mTotal.6%.C  0.4139 116.03 g mTotal.87 amu  Ans MMTotal.4868 156.  Ans m 3. mol  4.  Ans MMN  3 3  14 %N   MMHNCNH2  3  14  5  1  1 12 2 54.C 48.68% 63.H  0.11 59. F : 48.4816 108.82 #C   4 #Na    0. MMTotal  156.4894 . How many aluminum atoms are… #H    11.5184 106.13 mol MMC 12 %C  46%  Ans mTotal.856 100   85.