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Software Verification

PROGRAM NAME: ETABS
REVISION NO.: 0

AISC LRFD-93 Example 002

WIDE FLANGE MEMBER UNDER COMBINED COMPRESSION & BIAXIAL BENDING

EXAMPLE DESCRIPTION
A check of the column adequacy is checked for combined axial compression and
flexural loads. The column is 14 feet tall and loaded with an axial load,
Pu = 1400 kips and bending, M ux , M uy = 200k-ft and 70k-ft, respectively. It is
assumed that there is reverse-curvature bending with equal end moments about
both axes and no loads along the member. The column demand/capacity ratio is
checked against the results of Example 6.2 in the 3rd Edition, LRFD Manual of
Steel Construction, pages 6-6 to 6-8.

GEOMETRY, PROPERTIES AND LOADING

Member Properties Loading Geometry
W14X176 Pu = 1,400 kips H = 14.0 ft
E = 29000 ksi Mux = 200 kip-ft
Fy = 50 ksi Muy = 70 kip-ft

TECHNICAL FEATURES TESTED
 Section compactness check (compression)
 Member compression capacity
 Member bending capacity
 Demand/capacity ratio, D/C

AISC LRFD-93 Example 002 - 1

pages 6-6 to 6-8.00% φb M ny (k-ft) 600.974 0.2 in the 3rd Edition.00% COMPUTER FILE: AISC LRFD-93 EX002 CONCLUSION The results show an exact comparison with the independent results. Percent Output Parameter ETABS Independent Difference Compactness Compact Compact 0.00% φb M nx (k-ft) 1200 1200 0.478 0. Software Verification PROGRAM NAME: ETABS REVISION NO.478 600.974 0.00% φc Pn (kips) 1937.00% D/C 0.2 . LRFD Manual of Steel Construction.84 0. AISC LRFD-93 Example 002 .84 1937.: 0 RESULTS COMPARISON Independent results are hand calculated and compared with the results from Example 6.

tw = 0.31 in.8 in2.: 0 HAND CALCULATION Properties: Material: ASTM A992 Grade 50 Steel Fy = 50 ksi.2 in. Zy = 163.0 in3. bf = 15. Software Verification PROGRAM NAME: ETABS REVISION NO. AISC LRFD-93 Example 002 . Member: Kx = Ky = 1.3 .9 Loadings: Pu = 1400 kips Mux = 200 k-ft Muy = 70 k-ft Section Compactness: Localized Buckling for Flange: = λ ( b= f / 2) (15. d = 15.0221 in Sx = 281.19 Fy 50 λ < λ p .0 in3. Sy = 106. ry = 4.7516 in3.4275 in.140 in4.000 ksi Section: W14x176 A = 51. Zx = 320. rx = 6.85 φb =0.7 in.7 / 2) = 5.579 in3. Iy = 838 in4. E = 29. No localized flange buckling Flange is Compact.31 = 12.99 tf 1.58 in Ix = 2.0 L = Lb = 14 ft Other φc =0. tf = 1.83 in hc = d − 2t f = 15.31 65 65 λ= p = = 9.2 − 2 • 1.

658 0. No localized web buckling Web is Compact.658λc Fcr = 2 )= 50 • 0.012 ksi φc Pn = φc Fcr Ag = 0.601 φb Py 2331 Pu Since = 0.125 φb Py 191  P  253 =λp  2.022 • π 29000 Since λ c < 1.0 ft.0 • 14 • 12 50 =λc = = 0.58 λ= c= = 15.8 • 50 = 2331 kips Pu 1400 = = 0. ( Fy 0.4 . Member Compression Capacity: For braced frames. Software Verification PROGRAM NAME: ETABS REVISION NO.714 ≥ = 35.5522 = 44.9 • 51. φc Pn = 1940 kips Or by hand.84 kips AISC LRFD-93 Example 002 . From AISC Table 4-2.552 ry π E 4.85 • 44. K = 1.8 φc Pn = 1937.33 − u  ≥ Fy  φb Py  Fy 191 253 = λp ( 2.012 • 51.780 50 50 λ < λ p .601 > 0.601 = ) 46. K y L Fy 1.83 φb Py =φb Ag Fy =0.16 tw 0.33 − 0.: 0 Localized Buckling for Web: h 12. Section is Compact.0 and KxLx = KyLy = 14.5.

Pu 1400 = = 0.5.2 ft > L= 14 ft p 50 12 b φb M nx = φb M px φb M nx =0.7516 So Zy = 1.198 k-ft 12 Member Bending Capacity From LRFD Specification Equation F1-4.76ry Fyf 29000 1 L= 1.2 φc Pn 1937. E L p = 1. Software Verification PROGRAM NAME: ETABS REVISION NO.5 S y =1. Section Bending Capacity 50 • 310 = M px F= yZx = 1333.198 φb M ny = 600.478 k-ft AISC LRFD-93 Example 002 .333 k-ft 12 M py = Fy Z y Zy 163 However.= = 1.7516 = 160.1274 =M py = 667.5 . LRFD Specification Equation H1-1a governs. S y 106.2.722 > 0.: 0 From LRFD Specification Section H1.84 Therefore.02 • = 14.1274in 3 50 • 160.333 φb M nx = 1200 k-ft φb M ny = φb M py φb M ny = 0.9 • 1333.527 > 1.76 • 4.5 • 106.9 • 667.

2.4(1.6 . and M uy = B1 y M nty .0 • 12 ) 2 π2 • 29000 • 838 =pe1 y = 8.: 0 Interaction Capacity: Compression & Bending From LRFD Specification section C1.0 ) = 0. 498 (14.2 π2 EI pe1 = ( KL ) 2 π2 • 29000 • 2140 =pe1x = 21.6 − 0.0 M2 M  C m = 0.6 − 0. M ux = B1x M ntx .4 1   M2  C m = 0. 702 kips (14.2 = B1x = 0. for a braced frame.214 ≥ 1  1400  1 −   21702  AISC LRFD-93 Example 002 . where M ntx = 200 kip-ft. where M nty = 70 kip-ft Cm B1 = ≥1  P  1 − u   Pe1  For reverse curvature bending and equal end moments: M1 = +1. Software Verification PROGRAM NAME: ETABS REVISION NO.0 • 12 ) 2 C mx B1x = ≥1  Pu  1 −   Pe1x  0. Mlt = 0.

0 .7 .974 < 1.0 • 70 = 70 kip-ft From LRFD Specification Equation H1-1a.239 ≥ 1  1400  1 −   8498  B1 y = 1 M ux = 1. Software Verification PROGRAM NAME: ETABS REVISION NO. and M uy = 1. 1400 8  200 70  +  + =0.478  D = 0. OK 1940 9  1200 600.2 = B1 y = 0.: 0 B1x = 1 C my B1 y = ≥1  P  1 − u   P   e1 y  0.0 • 200 = 200 kip-ft.974 C AISC LRFD-93 Example 002 .