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Chapter : The Portrait of a Lady

“My grandmother always went to school with me because the school was attached
to the temple”

1. Whom does ‘me’ refer to?

2. What do infer about the character of the grandmother from the given line?
3. Which stage of his life is the narrator talking about?

“When I went up to University, I was given a room of my own. The common link
of friendship was snapped. My grandmother accepted her seclusion with

1. Explain the phrase ‘accepted her seclusion with resignation’

2. Which stage of his life is the narrator referring to?
3. Name the author.

Short answer questions:

1. Why did the grandmother hate music?

2. How did the sparrows mourn the death of the grandmother?
3. Why was the grandmother unhappy with the city education?
4. How did the grandmother celebrate the home coming of her grandson?

Long answer questions

1. Gradually the author and the grandmother saw less of each other and their
friendship was broken. Was the distancing in the relationship deliberate or
due to the demand of the situation?
2. Draw the character sketch of author’s grandmother.
Chapter : We are not afraid to die

“When I went in to comfort the children, Jon asked, “Daddy, are we going to die?”
I tried to assure him that we could make it. “But, Daddy,” he went on, “we aren’t
afraid of dying if we can all be together — you and Mummy, Sue and I.”

1. why did the narrator go to comfort the children?

2. Why did the narrator felt determined afterwards?
3. Give the meaning of the word ‘assure’.


“I rushed on deck and gazed with relief at the stark outline of Ile Amsterdam. It
was only a bleak piece of volcanic rock, with little vegetation — the most beautiful
island in the world!”

1. Why was the narrator relieved after seeing Ile Amsterdam?

2. Describe Ile Amsterdam.
3. Why it was the most beautiful island in the world?

Short answer questions:

1. Why do you think did the narrator call Ile Amsterdam „the most beautiful islandin
2. How did the narrator respond to little John’s words? What do his actions revealabout
3. How did Sue try to enliven the gloomy atmosphere?
4. How can you say that Suzanne’s injuries were serious?

Long answer questions

1. Justify the title of the story.

2. Describe the steps taken by the crewmen to protect the boat from the storm
and the gigantic waves.

Chapter : A photograph

The cardboard shows me how it was
When the two girl cousins went paddling
Each one holding one of my mother’s hands,
And she the big girl - some twelve years or so.

1. What does the cardboard refer to?

2. Who was the big girl? How old she was?
3. With whom did the girl go paddling?

A sweet face
My mother’s, that was before I was born
And the sea, which appears to have changed less
Washed their terribly transient feet.

1. What has stood the onslaught of time and what has not?
2. How does the poet describe her mother?
3. Where was the mother?What was she doing?

Some twenty- thirty- years later
She’d laugh at the snapshot. “See Betty
And Dolly," she’d say, “and look how they
Dressed us for the beach."

1. Who would laugh twenty-thirty years later?

2. How did the mother remember her past?
3. Who were Betty and Dolly?
Short answer questions:
1. What does the changelessness of sea suggest to you ?
2. Explain the line ‘Both wry with the labored ease of loss’.
3. The three stanzas of the poem depict the three different phases. What are
4. What do you learn about the poet’s mother?

Long answer questions

1. Describe the theme of the poem.
Chapter : Landscape of the Soul

Whereas the European painter wants you to borrow his eyes and look at a
particular landscape exactly as he saw it, from a specific angle, the Chinese
painter does not choose a single viewpoint.

1. What is the expectation of a European painter from his onlookers?

2. What is the expectation of a Chinese painter from his onlookers?
3. Give meaning of the word ‘Landscape’.

Short answer question:

1. What happened to the painter as he entered the cave?
2. How would you classify ‘art’ on the basis of your reading the chapter
‘Landscape of the Soul’?
3. How has Nek Chand followed the notions of ‘art brut’ or ‘raw art’ in his
4. How does Nathalie Trouveroy define the role of Man?

Long answer question:

1. Explain the concept of Shanshui and the fundamental notions of
2. How does the Chinese view of art differ from The European view?
Illustrate your answer with examples.

Chapter : Childhood

Where did my childhood go?
It went to some forgotten place.
That’s hidden in an infant’s face.
That’s all I know.
(a) Where did the poet in childhood go?
(b) Why does the poet call it a forgotten place?
(c) Find out similar word to ‘toddler‘ in meaning.
When did my childhood go?
Was it the day I ceased to be eleven
Was it the time I realized that Hell and Heaven
Could not be found in Geography,
And therefore could not be,

(a) When did the childhood go?

(b) What are hell and heaven?
(c) What massage did the author want to convey?

When did my childhood go?
Was it the time I realized that adults were not
All these seemed to be,
They talked of love and preached of love,
But did not act so lovingly,
Was that the day !
(a) What does the poet realize about adults
(b) Why is the poet feeling sorry?
(c) Trace the word from the extract which means to teach

Short answer questions:

1. What does the Hell and heaven stand for?
2. What contrast did he find in adult’s behaviour?
3. Where does the poet find his lost childhood? How can he get it back?
4. What did the poet realize when he was twelve years?
Long Answer question
1. ‘They talked of love and preached of love, But did not act so lovingly…’
keeping in mind this line describe how the poet points at the hypocritical life
of the elderly.

Chapter : Summer of the beautiful White Horse

‘ It’s no harm, pay no attention to it’
a) Who said these words in the lesson?
b) What does the statement reflect about the speaker’s character?
c) Name the author of the lesson
Short answer question:
1. What did you get to know about the families of two boys from this story
the beautiful white horse?
2. Why did the boys return the horse to John Byro?
3. How does Aram justify the act of stealing?
4. Highlight the similarities between Khosrove and Mourad.
Long answer question
1. What impression do you form of the cousin Mourad?
2. State some of the humorous incidents of the story. Which incident you
like the most and why.


Q1 Answer the following questions in about 30-40 words.

1. Who was Ranga? What was special about him?

2. How did the narrator carry out his resolve to get Ranga married to Ratna?
3. What are the narrator’s views about English language?
4. How did the narrator let Ranga have a glimpse of Ratna?
5. What were Ranga’s views on marriage?
6. Why was Ranga’s homecoming a great event?
7. Why does the narrator call the Indians a flock of sheep?
8. Why does the narrator often deviate from the main story?

Q2 Answer the following question in about 100-125 words

1 What kind of a person do you think the narrator is?

2 Ranga’s views on marriage are quite different, yet he follows the conventional
way of choosing a girl for himself. Elucidate.

The Adventure
A. SHORT ANSWER TYPE QUESTIONS (Word limit: 40 words)
1. What plan of action had Professor Gaitonde arrived at?
2. Gangadhar Pant had not been to ‘this Bomabay before’. How was ‘the Bombay’
3. What led Professor Gaitonde to believe that ‘history has taken a different turn,
perhaps before 1857?
4. How did the shops and office buildings along Hornby Road differ from those he
knew well?
5. ‘‘This was a blow, not totally unexpected.’’ What was the blow and how was it
not totally unexpected?
6. Which according to Gangadharpant was the precise moment where history had
taken a different turn?

7. ‘‘Gangdharpant read through the account avidly.’’ Which account is referred to

here? Why did he read it avidly?
8. How did the Victory in the Battle of Panipat affect the balance of power?
Ans. It was a great morale booster to the Marathas. It established their supremacy
in northern
India. The influence of Bhausaheb and Vishwasrao increased. The East India
postponed its expansionist programme. Vishwasrao and his brother Madhavrao had
political sharpness and bravery. The Company’s influence was reduced to small
near Bombay, Calcutta and Madras.
9. How was the balance of power maintained in the nineteenth century?
10. What was the state of India Gangadharpant had seen during the twentieth
11. Why do you think Gangadharpant appreciated the India he had seen recently?
12. Where from did Gangadhar Pant get the clue for the question. ‘‘How did the
Marathas win the battle?’’ and what did he think about it?
13. Which lines revealed that Vishwasrao had come quite close to being killed?
14. Why was Professor Gaitonde staring at the platform in Azad Maidan as if
15. How did the audience react to Professor Gaitonde’s remarks: ‘‘an unchaired
lecture is like Shakespeare’s ‘Hamlet’ without the Prince of Denmark’’?
16. What happened as Professor Gaitonde kept on trying valiantly to correct the
17. Why do you think Rajendra’s ‘smile’ was replaced by a ‘grave expression’?
18. What do you think made Rajendra realize that ‘‘facts can be stranger than
19. How does Rajendra explain the disparity in the two accounts of the same
crucial event in the Battle of Panipat?
20. ‘‘We live in a unique world which has a unique history,’’ says Professor
Gaitonde. What prompts him to make this remark?
21. What do you know about ‘reality’ on the basis of your study of Jayant
22. What do you understand by, ‘‘The lack of determinism in quantum theory’’?
23. How, according to Rajendra, was Gangadharpant able to experience two
24. ‘‘But why did I make the transition?’’ asks Gangadharpant. How does
Rajendratry to convince him with guess work?
25. What had Professor Gaitonde been thinking at the time of collision?
26. What do you learn about Professor Gaitonde’s thousandth presidential address?

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