You are on page 1of 120

1

Astronomical Alphabet Archives


2015 Lance Carlyle Carter

Abstract
The ancient alphabet may be based on asterisms.

Introduction
These exhibits are the result of research that I did in the
mid 1970s with the goal of the decipherment of the
ancient alphabet under the mentorship of Dr. Hugh
Anderson Moran, author of The Alphabet and the
Ancient Calendar Signs, Daily Press, 1969. My theory
does not contradict Dr. Moran's findings about the
similarity between the names of the ancient alphabet
letters and the names for ancient Chinese Lunar
asterisms.

Dedication
To Hugh Anderson Moran who taught me decipherment.

Summary
This article presents a sample of the initial line drawings,
tracings, and star maps that were used for the alphabet
decipherment, and can be considered as a rough draft.
These archive drawings are being updated using
software to create star maps for the specified dates.

An explanation of how and why the alphabet letters fit


over these common constellations and asterisms will be
explained in other documents. The star maps used were
based on Epoch 1950, which means that they are
thousands of years out of date, but because of the slow
proper motion of the stars in relation to each other, most
of the alphabet shapes would be approximately the
same using the star positions seen today.

Methods
Some of the exhibits are hand drawings of letters,
figures, and signs that are traced over a star map. Major
stars and coordinates may be included in these black
and white drawings. Some of these star map drawings
were created by placing different size black dots over
stars on a star map and using black line tape to connect
the dots to create the alphabet letters. Some exhibits
were made from slides that were projected in a
planetarium.

Exhibits
The exhibits are organized according to the alphabet
letter that they are based on or can be drawn over. The
letter name, the location that it was used, the
constellation name and file name.
2

Contents
Astronomical Alphabet Archives.....................................1
Abstract.......................................................................1
Introduction.................................................................1
Dedication...................................................................1
Summary....................................................................1
Methods......................................................................1
Exhibits.......................................................................1
Contents.....................................................................2
Astronomical Alphabet List..........................................5
Aleph = Early North Semitic........................................6
Aleph = Greek Ox Head Form....................................7
Aleph = Full Ox Head Form -3....................................8
Aleph = Gezer Calendar.............................................9
Aleph = North-Semitic Cursive..................................11
Aleph = Phoenician...................................................12
Aleph = Sinai.............................................................13
Aleph = Sinai Ox Head Form -2................................15
Aleph = Sinai Ox Head With Ear...............................16
Aleph = Sinai - 3.......................................................17
Beth = Egyptian Courtyard........................................18
Beth = Egyptian Temple............................................19
Beth = Hebrew Square Form....................................20
Beth = Hebrew Square Form -2................................21
Beth = Old Greek......................................................22
Beth = Old Greek -2..................................................23
Beth = Old Greek -3..................................................24
Beth = Phoenician 1000 BCE...................................25
Beth = Sinai..............................................................26
Beth = Sinai and Open Rectangle.............................26
Beth = Sinai and Closed Rectangle..........................27
Beth = Sinai House...................................................27
Beth = Sinai Rectangular Form.................................28
Gamma = Greek - Curved Euboa - Korinth..............29
Gamma = Old Greek.................................................30
Gimel = Egyptian Corner & Throw Stick....................31
Gimel = Egyptian Corner -3......................................32
Gimel = Hebrew........................................................33
Gimel = Phoenician...................................................34
Gimel = Phoenician - Byblian....................................35
Gimel = Phoenician Gebal # 1 + 2............................36
Gimel = Roman.........................................................37
Gimel = Roman Curved............................................38
Gimel = Tell - Ed - Duweir.........................................39
Daleth = Balu............................................................40
Daleth = Balu, Sinai, Thamudean.............................41
Daleth = Balu, Sinai, Thamudean, & Safatic............42
Daleth = Lachish Letters...........................................43
Daleth = Monumental................................................44
Daleth = Old Semitic.................................................45
Daleth = Old Semitic -2.............................................46
Daleth = Old Semitic -3.............................................47
Daleth = Phoenician..................................................48
Daleth = Phoenician Long Oval................................49
Daleth = Phoenician Oval.........................................50
Daleth = Sabaean - Minaean....................................51
Daleth = Sinai...........................................................52
3

Daleth = Greek..........................................................53
Heh = Monumental, Coin, Gem................................54
Heh = Sinai...............................................................55
Heh = Sinai...............................................................56
Heh = Square - Papyri 5th - 8th................................57
Heh = Square - Papyri 5th - 8th (-2)..........................58
Heh = Monumental, Cursive, Coin, Gem..................59
Heh = Phoenician & Monumental.............................60
Vaw = Extended to Alpha..........................................61
Vaw = No Alpha Line.................................................62
Vaw = Perseus alternative........................................63
Zayin = Book Hand, Samaria....................................64
Zayin = Coin Script....................................................65
Zayin = Early Hebrew................................................66
Zayin = Early Hebrew -2 curves................................67
Zayin = Early North Semitic......................................68
Zayin = Seal and Gem Script....................................69
Zayin = Sinai, Early North Semitic.............................70
Zayin = Sinai Sledge.................................................71
Zayin = Egyptian Sledge...........................................72
Zayin = Gezer Monumental, Cursive.........................73
Zayin = Gezer, Monumental - no Al Nath.................74
Zayin = Sinai Parallel Lines.......................................75
Heth = Six views.......................................................76
Heth = Byblos Byblian...............................................77
Heth = Classical Greek.............................................77
Heth = Gezer Monumental........................................78
Heth = Gezer, Phoenician.........................................79
Heth = Lachish Letters..............................................80
Heth = Sinai..............................................................80
Heth = Phoenician, Monumental...............................81
Heth = Sinai Twisted Hank........................................82
Teth = Two Views......................................................83
Yod = Greek & Latin..................................................85
Yod = Gezer, Moabite...............................................86
Yod = Sinai Hand......................................................86
Kaf = Early North Semitic..........................................87
Kaf = Gezer...............................................................87
Kaf = Moabite, Phoenician........................................88
Kaf = Sinai................................................................89
Lamed = Hebrew.......................................................90
Lamed = Sinai Spiral form.........................................90
Lamed = Sinai, Tel - Ed - Duweir...............................91
Lamed = Spiral form..................................................91
Mem = Byblos, Moabite Stone..................................92
Mem = Gezer, Moabite, Coin Script..........................93
Mem = Sinai waters form..........................................94
Mem = Sinai waters form - v2...................................94
Nun = Early Hebrew, Phoenician, Moabite Stone.....95
Nun = Modern Hebrew..............................................96
Nun = Seal & Gem, Macabean.................................97
Nun = Sinai...............................................................98
Nun = Sinai Snake, Cobra........................................99
Samech = Gezer, North Semitic................................99
Samech = Sinai.......................................................100
Samech = Sinai - v2................................................100
Ayin = North Semitic, Hebrew.................................101
Ayin = Egyptian Eye................................................101
4

Peh = Moabite Stone, Phoenician...........................102


Peh = North Semitic................................................103
Peh = Sinai, Greek..................................................104
Peh = Sinai.............................................................105
Tzade = Gezer........................................................106
Tzade = Phoenician................................................107
Kof = Early Hebrew, Greek.....................................108
Kof = Gezer.............................................................109
Kof = Monumental...................................................110
Kof = Phoenician.....................................................111
Kof = Phoenician - v2..............................................112
Kof = Siloam Tunnel................................................113
Kof = Sinai...............................................................113
Resh = Byblos.........................................................114
Resh = Greek..........................................................115
Resh = Phoenician..................................................115
Resh = Seal and Gem Script...................................116
Resh = Sinai - v3.....................................................116
Resh = Sinai Head Form.........................................117
Resh = Sinai............................................................117
Shin = Early Hebrew, North Semitic........................118
Shin = Early Hebrew, North Semitic........................118
Tav = Gezer, Monumental.......................................119
Tav = Sinai, Phoenician, Seal Script.......................120
5

Astronomical Alphabet List


Key:
# Hebrew letter = Constellation
Hebrew Letter meanings

1 Aleph = Lyra
Ox, A Bull, Cattle, A Bull Head
2 Beth = Ursa Minor
House, Temple, Daughter, Woman
3 Gimel = Cassiopeia
Camel, Throw Stick
4 Daleth = Cepheus
Door, (Dal=bucket, Draw Water)
5 Heh = Ursa Major
Lo!, the, Window
6 Vaw = Andromeda
Peg, Hook, Pin, And, Therefore
7 Zayin = Auriga
Weapon, Olive? (To Move, Rise)
8 Heth = Hercules
‘H’, Fence, (To Destroy)
9 Teth = Ophiuchius
‘T’, Serpent, Cross In Circle
10 Yod = Northern Polar Stars
Hand, (Strength, Power, A Sign)
11 Kaf = Libra
Palm Of Hand, A Measure, Double
12 Lamed = Cygnus
Goad, Ox-goad, (To Learn)
13 Mem = Sagittarius
Water
14 Nun = Draco
Fish
15 Samech = Capricorn
Prop, Fish
16 Ayin = Corona Borealis
Eye, Well, Spring Of Water
17 Peh = Canis Major
Mouth
18 Tzade = Leo
Fish-hook
19 Kof = Cancer
Back Of Head, (Monkey, Circuit)
20 Resh = Delphinus
Head, Face, First, Chief
21 Shin = Virgo
Tooth, Teeth
22 Tav = Bootes
Wild Ox, Mark, To, End
6

Aleph = Early North Semitic


Constellation: Lyra
1_ALEPH_Early_North_Semitic.bmp
7

Aleph = Greek Ox Head Form


Constellation: Lyra
1_ALEPH_Greek_Ox_Head_Form.bmp
8

Aleph = Full Ox Head Form -3


Constellation: Lyra
1_ALEPH_Full_Ox_Head_Form-3.bmp
9

Aleph = Gezer Calendar


Constellation: Lyra
1_ALEPH_Gezer_Calendar.bmp
10

Aleph = Moabite Stone


Constellation: Lyra
1_ALEPH_Moabite_Stone.bmp
11

Aleph = North-Semitic Cursive


Constellation: Lyra
1_ALEPH_North-Semitic_Cursive.bmp
12

Aleph = Phoenician
Constellation: Lyra
1_ALEPH_Phoenician.bmp
13

Aleph = Sinai
Constellation: Lyra
1_ALEPH_Sinai.bmp
14

Aleph = Sinai Ox Head Form


Constellation: Lyra
1_ALEPH_Sinai_Ox_Head_Form.bmp
15

Aleph = Sinai Ox Head Form -2


Constellation: Lyra
1_ALEPH_Sinai_Ox_Head_Form-2.bmp
16

Aleph = Sinai Ox Head With Ear


Constellation: Lyra
1_ALEPH_Sinai_Ox_Head_with_ear.bmp
17

Aleph = Sinai - 3
Constellation: Lyra
1_ALEPH_Sinai-3.bmp
18

Beth = Egyptian Courtyard


Constellation: Lyra
2_BETH_Egyptian_Courtyard.bmp
19

Beth = Egyptian Temple


Constellation: Ursa Minor
2_BETH_Egyptian_Temple.bmp
20

Beth = Hebrew Square Form


Constellation: Ursa Minor
2_BETH_Hebrew_Square_form.bmp
21

Beth = Hebrew Square Form -2


Constellation: Ursa Minor
2_BETH_Hebrew_Square_form-2.bmp
22

Beth = Old Greek


Constellation: Ursa Minor
2_BETH_Old_Greek.bmp
23

Beth = Old Greek -2


Constellation: Ursa Minor
2_BETH_Old_Greek-2.bmp
24

Beth = Old Greek -3


Constellation: Ursa Minor
2_BETH_Old_Greek-3.bmp
25

Beth = Phoenician 1000 BCE


Constellation: Ursa Minor
2_BETH_Phoenician_1000_BCE.bmp
26

Beth = Sinai
Constellation: Ursa Minor
2_BETH_Sinai.bmp

Beth = Sinai and Open Rectangle


Constellation: Ursa Minor
2_BETH_Sinai_Adjoining__Open_Rectangles.bmp
27

Beth = Sinai and Closed Rectangle


Constellation: Ursa Minor
2_BETH_Sinai_Adjoining_Rectangles.bmp

Beth = Sinai House


Constellation: Ursa Minor
2_BETH_Sinai_House.bmp
28

Beth = Sinai Rectangular Form


Constellation: Ursa Minor
2_BETH_Sinai_Rectangular_form.bmp
29

Gamma = Greek - Curved


Euboa - Korinth
Constellation: Cassiopeia
3_GAMMA_Greek-Curved_Euboa-Korinth.BMP
30

Gamma = Old Greek


Constellation: Cassiopeia
3_GAMMA_Old_Greek.BMP
31

Gimel = Egyptian Corner & Throw Stick


Constellation: Cassiopeia
3_GIMEL_Egyptian_Corner+Throw_Stick.BMP
32

Gimel = Egyptian Corner -3


Constellation: Cassiopeia
3_GIMEL_Egyptian_Corner-3.bmp
33

Gimel = Hebrew
Constellation: Cassiopeia
3_GIMEL_Hebrew.BMP
34

Gimel = Phoenician
Constellation: Cassiopeia
3_GIMEL_Phoenician_2.bmp
35

Gimel = Phoenician - Byblian


Constellation: Cassiopeia
3_GIMEL_Phoenician_Byblian-1-5.BMP
36

Gimel = Phoenician Gebal # 1 + 2


Constellation: Cassiopeia
3_GIMEL_Phoenician_Gebal#1+2-BAK.BMP
37

Gimel = Roman
Constellation: Cassiopeia
3_GIMEL_Roman.BMP
38

Gimel = Roman Curved


Constellation: Cassiopeia
3_GIMEL_Roman-Curved.BMP
39

Gimel = Tell - Ed - Duweir


Constellation: Cassiopeia
3_GIMEL_Tell-Ed-Duweir.bmp
40

Daleth = Balu
Constellation: Cepheus
4_DALETH_Balu.bmp
41

Daleth = Balu, Sinai, Thamudean


Constellation: Cepheus
4_DALETH_Balu_Sinai_Thamudean.BMP
42

Daleth = Balu, Sinai, Thamudean,


& Safatic
Constellation: Cepheus
4_DALETH_Balu_Sinai_Thamudean_Safatic.BMP
43

Daleth = Lachish Letters


Constellation: Cepheus
4_DALETH_Lachish_Letters.BMP
44

Daleth = Monumental
Constellation: Cepheus
4_DALETH_Monumental.bmp
45

Daleth = Old Semitic


Constellation: Cepheus
4_DALETH_Old_Semitic.BMP
46

Daleth = Old Semitic -2


Constellation: Cepheus
4_Daleth_Old_Semitic-2.bmp
47

Daleth = Old Semitic -3


Constellation: Cepheus
4_Daleth_Old_Semitic-3.bmp
48

Daleth = Phoenician
Constellation: Cepheus
4_DALETH_Phoenician.BMP
49

Daleth = Phoenician Long Oval


Constellation: Cepheus
4_Daleth_Phoenician_Long_Oval.bmp
50

Daleth = Phoenician Oval


Constellation: Cepheus
4_DALETH_Phoenician_Oval.BMP
51

Daleth = Sabaean - Minaean


Constellation: Cepheus
4_DALETH_Sabaean-Minaean.BMP
52

Daleth = Sinai
Constellation: Cepheus
4_DALETH_Sinai.BMP
53

Daleth = Greek
Constellation: Cepheus
4_Delta_Greek.bmp
54

Heh = Monumental, Coin, Gem


Constellation: Ursa Major
5_HEH_Hebrew_MONUMENTAL-coin-gem-2.BMP
55

Heh = Sinai
Constellation: Ursa Major
5_HEH_Hebrew_Sinai.BMP
56

Heh = Sinai
Constellation: Ursa Major
5_HEH_Hebrew_Sinai-NORTH.BMP
57

Heh = Square - Papyri 5th - 8th


Constellation: Ursa Major
5_HEH_Hebrew_Square_Papyri-5-8th.bmp
58

Heh = Square - Papyri 5th - 8th (-2)


Constellation: Ursa Major
5_HEH_Hebrew_Square_Papyri-5-8th-2.BMP
59

Heh = Monumental, Cursive, Coin, Gem


Constellation: Ursa Major
5_HEH_Monumental_Cursive_coin_gem.bmp
60

Heh = Phoenician & Monumental


Constellation: Ursa Major
5_HEH_Phoenician+Monumental_fig30.BMP
61

Vaw = Extended to Alpha


Constellation: Andromeda
6_Vaw_Andromeda-Alpha.BMP
62

Vaw = No Alpha Line


Constellation: Andromeda
6_Vaw_Andromeda-no-Alpha-line.BMP
63

Vaw = Perseus alternative


Constellation: Perseus
(Perseus is used in this star map study.)
6_Vaw_Perseus_Alternative.bmp
64

Zayin = Book Hand, Samaria


Constellation: Auriga
7_ZAYIN_Auriga_Book_Hand_Samaria.BMP
65

Zayin = Coin Script


Constellation: Auriga
7_ZAYIN_Auriga_Coin_Script.BMP
66

Zayin = Early Hebrew


Constellation: Auriga
7_ZAYIN_Auriga_Early_Hebrew.BMP
67

Zayin = Early Hebrew -2 curves


Constellation: Auriga
7_ZAYIN_Auriga_Early_Hebrew-2_curves.BMP
68

Zayin = Early North Semitic


Constellation: Auriga
7_ZAYIN_Auriga_Early_North_Semitic.BMP
69

Zayin = Seal and Gem Script


Constellation: Auriga
7_ZAYIN_Auriga_Seal_and_Gem_Script.BMP
70

Zayin = Sinai, Early North Semitic


Constellation: Auriga
7_ZAYIN_Auriga_Sinai_Early_N_Semitic.BMP
71

Zayin = Sinai Sledge


Constellation: Auriga
7_ZAYIN_Auriga_Sinai_Sledge_bottom.BMP
72

Zayin = Egyptian Sledge


Constellation: Auriga
7_ZAYIN_Egyptian_Sledge.BMP
73

Zayin = Gezer Monumental, Cursive


Constellation: Auriga
7_ZAYIN_Gezer_Monumental_cursive.BMP
74

Zayin = Gezer, Monumental


- no Al Nath
Constellation: Auriga
7_ZAYIN_Gezer_Monumental_No_AlNath.BMP
75

Zayin = Sinai Parallel Lines


Constellation: Auriga
7_ZAYIN_Sinai_Parallel_Lines.BMP
76

Heth = Six views


Constellation: Hercules
8_HETH_6_views.bmp
77

Heth = Byblos Byblian


Constellation: Hercules
8_HETH_Hercules_Byblos_Byblian.bmp

Heth = Classical Greek


Constellation: Hercules
8_HETH_Hercules_Classical_Greek.bmp
78

Heth = Gezer Monumental


Constellation: Hercules
8_HETH_Hercules_Gezer_Monumental.bmp
79

Heth = Gezer, Phoenician


Constellation: Hercules
8_HETH_Hercules_Gezer_Phoenician.bmp
80

Heth = Lachish Letters


Constellation: Hercules
8_HETH_Hercules_Lachish-Letters.bmp

Heth = Sinai
Constellation: Hercules
8_HETH_Hercules_Sinai_Origin-fig81.bmp
81

Heth = Phoenician, Monumental


Constellation: Hercules
8_HETH_Hercules_Phoen_Monumental.bmp
82

Heth = Sinai Twisted Hank


Constellation: Hercules
8_HETH_Hercules_Sinai_Twisted_Hank.bmp
83

Teth = Two Views


Constellation: Ophiuchus
9_TETH_2_views.bmp
84

Yod = Early Greek


Northern Polar Constellations
10_IOTA_Polar_Stars_Early_Greek.bmp
85

Yod = Greek & Latin


Northern Polar Constellations
10_IOTA_Polar_Stars_Greek+Latin.bmp
86

Yod = Gezer, Moabite


Northern Polar Constellations
10_YOD_Polar_Stars_Gezer_Moabite.bmp

Yod = Sinai Hand


Northern Polar Constellations
10_YOD_Polar_Stars_Sinai_Hand_form.bmp
87

Kaf = Early North Semitic


Constellation: Libra
11_KAF_Libra_Early_North_Semitic.bmp

Kaf = Gezer
Constellation: Libra
11_KAF_Libra_Gezer.bmp
88

Kaf = Moabite, Phoenician


Constellation: Libra
11_KAF_Libra_Moabite_Phoenician.bmp
89

Kaf = Sinai
Constellation: Libra
11_KAF_Libra_Sinai.bmp
90

Lamed = Hebrew
Constellation: Cygnus
12_LAMED_Cygnus_Hebrew.bmp

Lamed = Sinai Spiral form


Constellation: Cygnus
12_LAMED_Cygnus_Sinai_spiral_form.bmp
91

Lamed = Sinai, Tel - Ed - Duweir


Constellation: Cygnus
12_LAMED_Cygnus_Sinai_Tel-ed-Duweir.bmp

Lamed = Spiral form


Constellation: Cygnus
12_LAMED_Cygnus_Spiral_form.bmp
92

Mem = Byblos, Moabite Stone


Constellation: Sagittarius
13_MEM_Sagittarius_Byblos_Moabite.bmp
93

Mem = Gezer, Moabite, Coin Script


Constellation: Sagittarius
13_MEM_Sagittarius_Gezer_Moabite_Coin.bmp
94

Mem = Sinai waters form


Constellation: Sagittarius
13_MEM_Sagittarius_Sinai_Waters_form.bmp

Mem = Sinai waters form - v2


Constellation: Sagittarius
13_MEM_Sagittarius_Sinai_Waters_form-2.bmp
95

Nun = Early Hebrew, Phoenician,


Moabite Stone
Constellation: Draco
14_NUN_Draco_Early_Hebrew_Pho_Moabite.bmp
96

Nun = Modern Hebrew


Constellation: Draco
14_NUN_Draco_Modern_Hebrew.bmp
97

Nun = Seal & Gem, Macabean


Constellation: Draco
14_NUN_Draco_Seal+Gem_Macabean.bmp
98

Nun = Sinai
Constellation: Draco
14_NUN_Draco_Sinai_fig81-82_Originof.bmp
99

Nun = Sinai Snake, Cobra


Constellation: Draco
14_NUN_Draco_Sinai_Snake_Cobra.bmp

Samech = Gezer, North Semitic


Constellation: Capricorn
15_SAMECH_Capricorn_Gezer_N-Semitic.bmp
100

Samech = Sinai
Constellation: Capricorn
15_SAMECH_Capricorn_Sinai_fig81_fish.bmp

Samech = Sinai - v2
Constellation: Capricorn
15_SAMECH_Capricorn_Sinai-2_fig81_fish.bmp
101

Ayin = North Semitic, Hebrew


Constellation: Corona Borealis
16_AYIN_Corona_Borealis_N_Semitic_Heb.bmp

Ayin = Egyptian Eye


Constellation: Corona Borealis
16_AYIN_CoronaB_Egyptian-Eye_Fig81.bmp
102

Peh = Moabite Stone, Phoenician


Constellation: Canis Major
17_PEH_Canis_Major_Moabite_Phoenician.bmp
103

Peh = North Semitic


Constellation: Canis Major
17_PEH_Canis_Major_North_Semitic.bmp
104

Peh = Sinai, Greek


Constellation: Canis Major
17_PEH_Canis_Major_Sinai_Class_Greek.bmp
105

Peh = Sinai
Constellation: Canis Major
17_PEH_Canis_Major_Sinai_milkyway-mouth.bmp
106

Tzade = Gezer
Constellation: Leo
18_TZADE_Leo_Gezer_Diringer_fig30.bmp
107

Tzade = Phoenician
Constellation: Leo
18_TZADE_Leo_Phoenician_Diringer_fig52.bmp
108

Kof = Early Hebrew, Greek


Constellation: Cancer
19_KOF_Cancer+Hydra_Early-Hebrew_Greek.bmp
109

Kof = Gezer
Constellation: Cancer
19_KOF_Cancer+Hydra_Gezer.bmp
110

Kof = Monumental
Constellation: Cancer
19_KOF_Cancer+Hydra_Monumental.bmp
111

Kof = Phoenician
Constellation: Cancer
19_KOF_Cancer+Hydra_Phoenician.bmp
112

Kof = Phoenician - v2
Constellation: Cancer
19_KOF_Cancer+Hydra_Phoenician-2.bmp
113

Kof = Siloam Tunnel


Constellation: Cancer
19_KOF_Cancer+Hydra_Siloam-Tunnel.bmp

Kof = Sinai
Constellation: Cancer
19_KOF_Cancer+Hydra_Sinai.bmp
114

Resh = Byblos
Constellation: Delphinus
20_RESH_Delphinus_Byblos.bmp
115

Resh = Greek
Constellation: Delphinus
20_RESH_Delphinus_Greek.bmp

Resh = Phoenician
Constellation: Delphinus
20_RESH_Delphinus_Phoenician.bmp
116

Resh = Seal and Gem Script


Constellation: Delphinus
20_RESH_Delphinus_Seal+Gem-Script.bmp

Resh = Sinai - v3
Constellation: Delphinus
20_RESH_Delphinus_Sinai_form-3.bmp
117

Resh = Sinai Head Form


Constellation: Delphinus
20_RESH_Delphinus_Sinai_Head-form.bmp

Resh = Sinai
Constellation: Delphinus
20_RESH_Delphinus_Sinai_Origin-fig81.bmp
118

Shin = Early Hebrew, North Semitic


Constellation: Virgo
21_SHIN_Virgo_Early-Hebrew_N-Semitic.bmp

Shin = Early Hebrew, North Semitic


Constellation: Virgo
21_SHIN_Virgo_Early-Hebrew_N-Semitic-2.bmp
119

Tav = Gezer, Monumental


Constellation: Bootes
22_TAV_Bootes_Gezer_Monumental.bmp
120

Tav = Sinai, Phoenician, Seal Script


Constellation: Bootes
22_TAV_Bootes_Sinai_Phoenician_Seal.bmp