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NKB20303: Process Heat Transfer

Assignment 1(b)

1. Consider a person standing in a breezy room at 20°C. Determine the total

rate of heat transfer from this person if the exposed surface area and the
average outer surface temperature of the person are 1.6 m2 and 29°C,
respectively and the convection heat transfer coefficient is 6 W m-2 K-1.
(86.4 W)

2. A 2 in. diameter spherical ball whose surface is maintained at a

temperature of 170°F is suspended in the middle of a room at 70°F. If the
convection heat transfer coefficient is 12 Btu hr-1 ft-2-°F, determine the rate
of heat transfer from the ball.
(104.64 Btu/hr)

3. A metal plate 0.609 m in height forms the vertical wall of an oven and is at
a temperature of 171.1°C. Within the oven is air at a temperature of 93.4°C
and atmospheric pressure. Find the heat transfer coefficient and the heat
taken up by air per second per meter width.
(243.4578 J/s.m)

4. The maximum allowable surface temperature of an electrically heated

vertical plate 15 cm high and 10 cm wide is 140°C. Estimate the maximum
rate of heat dissipation from both sides of the plate in an atmosphere at
(26.324 W)

5. Consider a 2 ft x 2 ft thin square plate in a room at 75°F. One side of the

plate is maintained at a temperature of 130°F, while the other side is
insulated. Determine the rate of heat transfer from the plate by natural
convection if the plate is vertical.

NKB20303: Process Heat Transfer

6. A horizontal pipe 0.3 m in diameter is maintained at a temperature of

250°C in a room where the ambient air is 15°C. Estimate the free
convection heat loss per meter of length.
(1579.213 W/m)

7. A horizontal cylinder of 2.5 cm diameter and 0.6 m length is suspended in

water at 20°C. Calculate the rate of heat transfer if the cylinder surface is
at 55°C. What would be the rate of heat transfer if the cylinder is
suspended in light oil at 20°C? The following properties (at 37.5°C) may
be used:

Properties Water Oil

ρ (kg m-3) 992 905
µ ( kg m-1 hr-1) 2.47 82
k (W m-1 K-1) 0.622 0.133
β (K-1) 3.96 x 10-4 7.2 x 10-4
Pr 4.64 324

(1746.46 W, 210.69 W)

8. A 4o cm diameter, 110 cm high cylindrical hot water tank is located in the

bathroom of a house maintained at 20°C. The surface temperature of the
tank is measured to be 44°C. Taking the surrounding surface temperature
to be also 20°C, determine the rate of heat loss from all surfaces of the
tank by natural convection.
(133.44 W)

9. Estimate the heat transfer from a 40 W incandescent bulb at 127°C to 27

°C quiescent air. Approximate the bulb as a 50 mm diameter sphere. What
percentage of the power is lost by free convection?

NKB20303: Process Heat Transfer

(6.7178 W)

10. The water in a 40 L tank is to be heated from 15°C to 45°C by a 6 cm

diameter spherical heater whose surface temperature is maintained at
85°C. Determine how long the heater should be kept on.
(2.304 hr)

11. Water is boiling in a 12-cm-deep pan with an outer diameter of 25 cm that

is placed on top of stove. The ambient air and the surrounding surfaces are
at a temperature of 250C. Assuming the entire pan to be at an average
temperature of 980C, determine the rate of heat loss from the cylindrical
side surface of the pan to the surroundings by a) natural convection b) If
the water is boiling at a rate of 2 kg/h at 1000C, determine the ratio of the
heat lost from the side surfaces of the pan to that by the evaporation of
water. The heat of vaporization of water at 1000C is 2257 kJ/kg.
(46.2 W)

2 kg/h

Air Ts = 98°C
T∞ = 25°C