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Online exercises

This is not online excersise on insta, fb or tik tok..

This is just simple exercise to make you understand the concepts of:-

a) Stress

b) Strain

c) Relation between stress strains

Please don’t stress, STRESS is just a syllabus… once u understand the concept…the higher tendency to
excel

Hopefully all of you able to answer the questions!!

STRESS

1. The chandelier is suspended from the wall and ceiling using rods AB and BC which have diameter of 3
mm and 4 mm respectively. The average normal stress in both rods is not allow to exceed 150 MPa,
determine the largest mass of the chandelier that can supported if θ = 45◦.
2. The driver of the sports car applies his rear brakes and causes the tires to slip. If the normal force on
each rear tire is 400 N, and the kinetic friction between the tires and the pavement is μk = 0.5, determine
the average shear stress developed by the friction force on the tire. Assume the tire is flexible and each
tire is filled with air pressure of 32 Pa.

3. The joint is fastened togather using two bolts. Determine the required diameter of the bolt if the
failre shear stress of the bolts is Ƭfail = 350 MPa. Use the safety factor F.S. = 2.5

4. The 50 kg flowerpot is suspended from wires AB and BC which have diameter of 1.5 mm and 2 mm,
respectively. If the wires have normal failure stress of σfail = 350 MPa. Determine the factor of safety of
each wire.

5. The two aluminium rods support the vertical force of P = 20 kN. Determine their required diameters if
the allowable tensile stress for the aluminum is σallow = 150 MPa.
6. The force applied at the handle of the rigid lever causes the lever to rotate clockwise about the pin B
through and angle 2◦. Determine the average normal strain developed in each wire. The wires are
unstretched when the lever is in horizontal position.

7. The piece of rubber is originally rectangular and subjected to the deformation shown by the dashed
lines. Determine the average normal strain along the diagonal AD.

8. The piece of plastic is originally rectangular. Determine the average normal strain that occurs along
the diagonal AC and DB.
9. The tension test was performed on a steel specimen having original diameter of 0.503 inch. Gauge
length is 2.0 inch. The data is listed in the table. Plot the stress- strain diagram and determine
approximately the modulus elasticity, yield stress, ultimate stress ans the rupture stress. Us the scale 1
in = 20 ksi and 1 in = 0.05 in/in. Redraw the elastic region, suing the same stress scale but a strain scale
of 1 in = 0.001 in/in.

8. The stress strain diagram for metal alloy having an original diameter of 0.5 inch and gauge length of 2
inch is given in the figure. Determine approximately the modulus of elasticity for the material, the load
on the specimen that causes yielding, and the ultimate load the specimen will support.
9. Determine the equivalent state on an element if it is oriented 30 ◦ clockwise from the element shown.
Use the stress- transformation equations.

10. A point on a thin plate is subjected to the two successive state of stress as shown. Determine the
resultant state of stress represented on the element oriented as shown below.

11. Determine the equivalent state of stress on an element at the same point which represents
a)principle stress and b) maximum in planes hear stress and the associated average normal stress. Also,
for each case, determine the corresponding orientation of the element with respect to the element
shown. Sketch the result on each element. Compare your answer with Mohr’s circle.

12. The state of strain at the point on the gear tooth has components εx = 850 (10-6), εy = 480 (10-6), γxy =
650 (10-6). Use the transformation equation to determine a) in plane principle strain, b) the maximum in
plane shear strain and average normal strain. In each case specify the orientation of the element and
show how the strain deforms the element within the x-y plane.
13. The state of strain on an element has components, εx = -400 (10-6), εy = 0, γxy = 150 (10-6). Determine
the equivalent state of strain on an element at the same point oriented 30 ◦ clockwise with respect to
the original element. Sketch the results on this element.

14. A differential element on the bracket is subjected to plain strain that has the following components :
εx = 150 (10-6), εy = 200 (10-6), γxy = -700 (10-6). Use the strain transformation equations and determined
the equivalent in plane strain on an element oriented at an angle of θ = 30◦ clockwise from the original
position. Sketch the deformed element within x-y plane due to strain.

15. The components of plane stress at a critical point on A-36 steel shell are shown. Determine if failure
occur on the basis of the MDET with σy = 250 MPa