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HALLAK, PATRICIA HABIB

Parâmetros Aeroelásticos para Pontes via Fluidodinâmica


Computacional [Rio de Janeiro] 2002
XX, 158 p. 29,7 cm (COPPE/UFRJ, D.Sc.,
Engenharia Civil,2002)
Tese - Universidade Federal do Rio de
Janeiro, COPPE
1. Fluidodinâmica Computacional
2. Aerodinâmica
3. Aeroelasticidade
4. Modelos Analíticos para pontes
I. COPPE/UFRJ II. Título ( série )

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Resumo da Tese apresentada à COPPE/UFRJ como parte dos requisitos necessários
para a obtenção do grau de Doutor em Ciências (D.Sc.)

PARÂMETROS AEROELÁSTICOS PARA PONTES VIA FLUIDODINÂMICA


COMPUTACIONAL

Patrícia Habib Hallak

Abril/2002

Orientadores: Michèle Schubert Pfeil


Paulo Augusto Berquó de Sampaio

Programa: Engenharia Civil

Os estudos aerodinâmicos de pontes são usualmente realizados através de modelos


analíticos de força dinâmica de vento, que utilizam coeficientes aerodinâmicos ou
aeroelásticos obtidos de ensaios experimentais em túnel de vento. Contudo, recentes
avanços em fluidodinâmica computacional têm permitido a obtenção destes coeficientes
via simulação numérica.
Aplica-se neste trabalho a metodologia definida como LES com modelo sub-malha
numericamente implícito, acoplada a um algoritmo que permite o estudo de problemas
de interação fluido-estrutura. Os resultados obtidos para alguns perfis, em especial o
perfil da ponte Rio-Niterói, comparam-se muito bem com resultados experimentais e
contribuem para reforçar a tendência de utilização de simulação numérica na análise
aeroelástica de pontes.

v
Abstract of Thesis presented to COPPE/UFRJ as a partial fulfillment of the
requirements for the degree of Doctor of Science (D.Sc.)

AEROELASTIC PARAMETERS FOR BRIDGES VIA COMPUTATIONAL FLUID


DYNAMIC

Patrícia Habib Hallak

April/2002

Advisors: Michèle Schubert Pfeil


Paulo Augusto Berquó de Sampaio

Department: Civil Engineering

Aerodynamic studies of bridges are usually performed using analytical models


for the wind force, which are based on aerodynamic or aeroeslastic coefficients
obtained in wind tunnel experiments. Nonetheless, recent advances in Computational
Fluid Dynamics (CFD) have made it possible to determine the force coefficients
through numerical simulation.
To accomplish this, a methodology defined as Large Eddy Simulation (LES)

with numerically implicit sub-grid model is applied in this work, in conjunction with an
algorithm designed to deal with fluid-structure interaction. The results obtained for
some profiles, in particular that of the Rio-Niterói bridge, compare very well with
experimental results and contribute to advancing the use of numerical simulation
techniques in the aeroelastic analysis of bridges.

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