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INTRODUCTION TO THE OLD TESTAMENT THE BOOK OF GENESIS THE BOOK OF EXODUS THE BOOK OF LEVITICUS THE BOOK OF NUMBERS THE BOOK OF DEUTERONOMY THE BOOK OF JOSHUA THE BOOK OF JUDGES THE BOOK OF RUTH THE BOOK OF FIRST SAMUEL THE BOOK OF SECOND SAMUEL THE BOOK OF FIRST KINGS THE BOOK OF SECOND KINGS THE BOOK OF FIRST CHRONICLES THE BOOK OF SECOND CHRONICLES THE BOOK OF EZRA THE BOOK OF NEHEMIAH THE BOOK OF ESTHER THE BOOK OF JOB THE BOOK OF PSALMS THE BOOK OF PROVERBS THE BOOK OF ECCLESIASTES THE BOOK OF SONG OF SOLOMON THE BOOK OF ISAIAH

4 7 12 14 17 19 22 26 29 32 34 36 38 40 42 44 46 48 52 54 58 61 63 67

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THE BOOK OF JEREMIAH THE BOOK OF LAMENTATIONS THE BOOK OF EZEKIEL THE BOOK OF DANIEL THE BOOK OF HOSEA THE BOOK OF JOEL THE BOOK OF AMOS THE BOOK OF OBADIAH THE BOOK OF JONAH THE BOOK OF MICAH THE BOOK OF NAHUM THE BOOK OF HABAKKUK THE BOOK OF ZEPHANIAH THE BOOK OF HAGGAI THE BOOK OF ZECHARIAH THE BOOK OF MALACHI

70 72 74 77 79 81 83 85 87 89 91 93 95 97 99 101

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INTRODUCTION TO THE OLD TESTAMENT

I. OLD TESTAMENT OVERVIEW A. 39 books. B. 30 writers. C. Spanning over a period of 1200 years. D. Approximately 400 years in chronological order. JESUS CHRIST

NT + OT

4000 BC – 2000 BC HUMAN HISTORY GENESIS 1-11 A SEEDBED OF DOCTRINE

2000 BC – 1 AD HEBREW HISTORY GENESIS 12:1-3 400 YEARS OF DARKNESS OLD TESTAMENT STATISTICS

1 AD – PRESENT DAY CHURCH HISTORY MATTHEW – REVELATION A SURE WORD OF PROPHECY

929 CHAPTERS *

23,214 VERSES

592,493 WORDS

2,728,100 LETTERS

* THERE ARE 1189 CHAPTERS IN THE WHOLE BIBLE

II. SEVEN BENEFITS FROM THE OLD TESTAMENT 1) It provides the background for Christ’s ministry. 2) It provides a historical reference for the New Testament Church. 3) It provides eternal principles that never change. 4) It foretells future events which find there fulfillment in the New Testament. 5) It provides a amplified commentary to the New Testament. 6) It gives us a detail history of Israel. 7) It reveals the character of God to us.

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III. THE OLD TESTAMENT IS A POINTER (II CORINTHIANS 3:12-14) A. Each book is a pointer to Christ. 1. To a farmer – The Old Testament is the seed, the New Testament is the plant. 2. To a scientist – The Old Testament is the telescope, the New Testament is the microscope. 3. To a musician – The Old Testament is the prelude, the New Testament is the final verse. B. How do we know that there are no books missing in the Old Testament? (Luke 24:44) 1. The Law (the torah) [5 books] 2. The Prophets (nebeen) [21 books] 3. The Psalms (confene), also known as “the writings.” [13 books] C. The last book of the Jewish Old Testament is II Chronicles.

THE DIVISIONS OF THE OLD TESTAMENT 5 BOOKS OF LAW 12 BOOKS OF HISTORY 5 BOOKS OF POETRY 5 MAJOR PROPHETS 12 MINOR PROPHETS

17 HISTORICAL BOOKS 9 PRE-EXILE 3 POST-EXILE

17 PROPHETICAL BOOKS 9 PRE-EXILE 3 POST-EXILE

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THE BOOKS OF LAW

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THE BOOK OF GENESIS
BOOK OF BEGINNINGS

I. AUTHOR A. Moses 1. The Law of Moses. [the Torah] 2. The Hebrews were people of great tradition. (John 8:4-5, Mark 12:26, John 1, Acts 7) II. DATE A. 1445-1400 BC 1. The approximate time for wondering in the wilderness. III. THEME A. Beginnings. (The only Person without beginning is God) 1. Adam, marriage, and Mankind. (2) 2. The family. (4) 3. Government and nations. (10) 4. Languages and the Hebrew nation. (11) IV. KEY WORD A. Beginning. (5x) V. KEY VERSE A. Genesis 1:1 – In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. VI. OUTLINE A. Primeval history 1. Creation. (1-2) a) Light. b) The firmament and heavens. c) Dry land and plants. d) Sun, moon, and stars. [time] e) Fish and fowl.
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f) Animal and human life. g) God rested. 2. The fall. (3-5) 3. The flood. (6-9) 4. Babel. (10-11) B. The patriarch of the Hebrew race. (12-50) 1. Abraham. (12-25) a) I will make you a great nation. b) I will bless thee. c) Make thy name great. d) Thou shalt be a blessing. e) I will bless them that bless thee. f) Curse him that curseth thee. g) In the shall all families of the earth be blessed. 2. Isaac. (26-27) 3. Jacob. (28-36) 4. Joseph. (37-50) ★ Of the two divisions here in the book, the most emphasis is put on the later. VII. SPECIAL FEATURES A. Protoevangelion – The promise of the Messiah. (3:15) B. Moses was a man who talked with God. C. Moses was inspired by God. 1. Inspiration means God-breathed. 2. Exhilio means God created out of nothing. D. Every major doctrine can be found in the first eleven chapters of Genesis. VIII.CHRIST IN THE BOOK A. Isaac – The son of promise. 1. Birth predicted. (17:16) a) Miracle birth. b) Both named before birth. 2. Was a sacrifice. a) Three days journey – Three days dead in his father’s mind.
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b) Neither opened their mouth. c) Both carried wood. d) Both were delivered. 3. The Bride. a) Chosen by their father. b) Marriage to Rebecca pictures Christ’s marriage to the Church. B. Adam – The first Adam brought sin into the world, the second Adam saved it. C. Melchizedek – The king and priest. D. Joseph – Nothing evil was said of him.
JOSEPH – THE SON BELOVED OF THE FATHER SHEPHERD HATED BY THE BRETHREN THEY WOULD NOT BELIEVE A TRUE WITNESS ENVIED SENT UNTO THE BRETHREN FROM HEBRON CONSPIRED JUDAH BARGAINED STRIPPED HIM SAT AND WATCHED SOLD FOR A SLAVE TAKEN TO EGYPT GENESIS 37:3; MATTHEW 3:17 GENESIS 27:2; JOHN 10:11-14 GENESIS 37:4-5, 8; JOHN 15:25 GENESIS 37:5; JOHN 7:5 GENESIS 37:3; JOHN 7:7 GENESIS 37:11; MARK 15:10, MATTHEW 27:17-18 GENESIS 37:13; LUKE 20:13, HEBREWS 10:7 GENESIS 37:14; JOHN 17:5, 24 GENESIS 37:18; MATTHEW 27:1, JOHN 11:53 GENESIS 37:26-27; MARK 14:10 GENESIS 37:23; MATTHEW 27:28, JOHN 19:23 GENESIS 37:25; MATTHEW 27:36 GENESIS 37:28; MATTHEW 26:15 GENESIS 27:26; MATTHEW 2:14-15

JOSEPH –THE SERVANT (GENESIS 39:1; LUKE 22:27) GOD WAS WITH HIM PROSPERED ALL IN HIS HAND PLEASED POTIPHAR GENESIS 39:2, 21, 23; JOHN 16:32 GENESIS 39:2-3; ISAIAH 53:10 GENESIS 39:4, 8; JOHN 3:35 GENESIS 39:4, 8; JOHN 3:35

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JOSEPH –THE SERVANT (GENESIS 39:1; LUKE 22:27) TEMPTED FALSELY ACCUSED BOUND OFFERED NO DEFENSE TWO OTHER PRISONERS – ONE SAVED, ONE LOST SUFFERED UNDER GENTILES – EGYPT RESPECTED BY JAILER GENESIS 39:7; MATTHEW 4 GENESIS 39:16-18; MATTHEW 26:59-60 GENESIS 39:20; MATTHEW 27:2 GENESIS 39:20; ISAIAH 53:7 GENESIS 40:2-3; LUKE 23:32 ACTS 4:26-27 GENESIS 39:21; LUKE 23:47

JOSEPH – THE SOVEREIGN TAKEN FROM THE DUNGEON [RESURRECTION] LOOSED BONDS CHANGED CLOTHES SPIRIT IN HIM HAD GOD’S WISDOM RULED OVER THE HOUSE RULES ALL THE PEOPLE SHARED PHARAOH’S THRONE PHARAOH DID NOTHING WITHOUT HIM MEN BOWED TO HIM GIVEN A NEW NAME 30 YEARS OLD GENTILE BRIDE [THE CHURCH] DO WHAT HE SAYS ALL NATIONS COME [144,000] DUAL SOVEREIGNTY (GENESIS 37:5-7) GENESIS 41:14 PSALMS 105:20; ACTS 2:24 GENESIS 41:14; JOHN 20:6-7 GENESIS 41:38; ACTS 10:38 GENESIS 41:39; JOHN 5:20, MATTHEW 13:54 GENESIS 41:40; HEBREWS 3:6 GENESIS 41:40; ACTS 5:31 REVELATION 3:21; ZECHARIAH 12:10 GENESIS 41:44; JOHN 15:5 GENESIS 41:43; PHILIPPIANS 2:10 GENESIS 41:45; PHILIPPIANS 2:9-10 GENESIS 41:46; LUKE 3:23 GENESIS 41:45 GENESIS 41:57; JOHN 2:5 GENESIS 41:57; ISAIAH 49:6 EARTH (GENESIS 37:9-10) HEAVEN (MATTHEW 28:19-20)

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JOSEPH – THE SAVIOR THEY KNEW HIM NOT GUILTY OF IS BLOOD JOSEPH WEPT PUNISHED THEM CONFESSED GUILT REVEALED THE SECOND TIME TROUBLED GOD DID IT “BEHOLD, ME” SHOWED THEM GRACE HIS GLORY REVEALED BRETHREN CARRIED THE MESSAGE INVITED TO “COME” COMFORTED THEM SUPPLIED THEIR NEED GENESIS 42:8; JOHN 1:10-11; ACTS 3:17 GENESIS 42:44; MATTHEW 27:25 GENESIS 42:24; LUKE 19:41 GENESIS 42:7, 17; HOSEA 9:17 GENESIS 44:16; HOSEA 5:15 GENESIS 45:1; ACTS 7:13, ZECHARIAH 12:10 GENESIS 45:3; ZECHARIAH 12:10 GENESIS 45:8; ACTS 2:23 GENESIS 45:12; LUKE 24:29 GENESIS 45:4-15; ISAIAH 54:7-8 GENESIS 45:13; LUKE 24:26 GENESIS 45:9-10 GENESIS 45:18-19; MATTHEW 11:28-30 GENESIS 50:21; ISAIAH 40:1-2 GENESIS 45:20; ISAIAH 2:1-5

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THE BOOK OF EXODUS
BOOK OF REDEMPTION

I. AUTHOR A. Moses. 1. Drawn out of the Nile and the world. 2. He was a eye witness to about 1/7th of the Bible. II. DATE A. 1445-1400 BC 1. 1875 BC – They entered Egypt (Joseph / Jacob) and stayed there for 430 years. III. THEME A. Redemption is the only way to a revelation with God. 1. To redeem means to buy back. a) This redemption is through the power of God. b) By means of a deliverer. c) Under the blood. IV. KEY WORD A. Passover. (6x) [First passover redemption became a reality] V. KEY VERSE A. Exodus 12:13 – And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt. VI. OUTLINE A. The exodus and the power of God. (1-18) 1. Ten plagues. 2. Parting of the Red Sea. (14) 3. In the wilderness. B. The law and holiness of God. (19-24)
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C. The tabernacle and the wisdom of God. (25-40) VII. SPECIAL FEATURES A. Exodus is the Romans of the Old Testament. B. The conclusion of Genesis. (1:1-5) C. Written 300 years after Genesis ended. D. They went in with 70 children and came out with 3 million.
MOSES IN EGYPT – 40 YEARS PRINCE SAW IMPORTANCE IN MIDIAN – 40 YEARS SHEPHERD SAW IMPOTENCE IN WILDERNESS – 40 YEARS LEADER OF NATION SAW GOD’S OMNIPOTENCE

GENESIS WE SEE GOD’S MERCY PEOPLE CHOSEN JOSEPH DIES

EXODUS WE SEE GOD’S MIGHT PEOPLE CALLED MOSES BORN

VIII.CHRIST IN THE BOOK A. Moses – The Deliverer. B. Passover Lamb. C. Tabernacle. D. Manna in the wilderness. E. Smitten Rock.

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THE BOOK OF LEVITICUS
BOOK OF ATONEMENT

I. AUTHOR A. Moses. 1. Fifty times he did as the Lord commanded. II. DATE A. 1451 BC 1. Covers 1 month. 2. First month of the second year. III. THEME A. Be ye holy. (11:44; 19:2) 1. Character of God. a) God is holy. b) Command of God. IV. KEY WORDS A. Atonement. (17:11) [The reconciliation of the guilty by sacrifice] B. Holiness. (87x) C. Holy. (65x) V. KEY VERSE A. Leviticus 16:34 – And this shall be an everlasting statute unto you, to make an atonement for the children of Israel for all their sins once a year. And he did as the LORD commanded Moses. ★ The day of Atonement is the key chapter. (16) VI. OUTLINE A. The way to God by salvation. (1-17) 1. The burnt offering. 2. The meal offering.
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3. The peace offering. 4. The sin offering. 5. The trespass offering. B. The walk with God by sanctification. (18-27) 1. The Sabbath. 2. The Passover. 3. Pentecost. 4. Trumpets. 5. Day of Atonement. 6. Feast of Tabernacles. 7. The Sabbath year. 8. The year of Jubilee. ★ The offerings picture Jesus Christ. VII. SPECIAL FEATURES A. Leviticus is to Exodus what the epistles are to the gospels. B. Israel’s calendar started with the first Passover. 1. From the first Passover to the erection of the tabernacle was one year. C. No geographical movement. (They remained on Mount Sinai)
EXODUS SALVATION ONE ACT OF DELIVERANCE DELIVERANCE UNION GOD APPEARS TO MAN SPEAKS FROM THE MOUNT LEVITICUS SANCTIFICATION CONTINUING ACT OF DELIVERANCE DEDICATION COMMUNION MAN APPEARING BEFORE GOD SPEAKS FROM THE TABERNACLE

VIII.CHRIST IN THE BOOK A. The offerings. B. Aaron – The high priest.
AARON CALLED OF GOD AMONG MEN JESUS CHRIST CALLED AMONG MEN

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AARON MAN OF COMPASSION SPOTLESS IN DRESS OFFERED BLOOD OF GOATS ENTERED HOLY OF HOLIES POURED BLOOD ON MERCY SEAT

JESUS CHRIST PRAYED WITH TEARS SPOTLESS PURITY OF CHARACTER OFFERED OWN BLOOD ENTERED HEAVEN SITS ON MERCY SEAT

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THE BOOK OF NUMBERS
BOOK OF WANDERING

I. AUTHOR A. Moses. (33:2) II. DATE A. 1451 BC 1. Near the end of the wondering. III. THEME A. The goodness and severity of God. (Romans 11:22) 1. We see God severity to the old generations. 2. We see God’s goodness to the new generation – a) By protecting them. b) By taking care of them. (I Corinthians 10:1-6 cf Numbers 25, 21, 18) IV. KEY WORD A. Sojourn. (2x) V. KEY VERSE A. Number 33:1 – These are the journeys of the children of Israel, which went forth out of the land of Egypt with their armies under the hand of Moses and Aaron. VI. OUTLINE A. Preparation at Mount Sinai. (1-10) 1. Organized. 2. Sanctified. B. Problems in the wilderness. (10-21) C. The plan for entering into the land. (22-36) VII. SPECIAL FEATURES A. Called the book of the journey. (40 years in the wilderness)
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B. The book’s name comes from the numbering of Israel. 1. First census on Mount Sinai – 603,550 men. (1) 2. Second census in Moab – 601,730 men. (26)
LEVITICUS WORSHIP MAN’S FELLOWSHIP WITH GOD CEREMONIAL SANCTUARY PROMINENT SPIRITUAL POSITION NUMBERS WORK MAN’S FAITHFULNESS TO GOD HISTORICAL WILDERNESS PROMINENT SPIRITUAL PROGRESS

VIII.CHRIST IN THE BOOK A. He is the pillar cloud and fire by night. He is our direction. B. The parallels in Christ’s and Aaron’s death was – 1. Sudden. 2. Two were with him at death. 3. His work was continued with him. 4. He was covered in blood. 5. The brazen serpent is a picture of Christ. 6. The pole represents the cross. a) Look and live. (Isaiah 45:22) C. The six cities of refuge are pictures of Christ. 1. Once a man got into one of these he was safe as long as the high priest lived.

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THE BOOK OF DEUTERONOMY
BOOK OF REMEMBRANCE

I. AUTHOR A. Moses. 1. Deuteronomy is quoted more than 80x in the New Testament. a) Also referred to as the Law of Moses. II. DATE A. 1406 BC 1. The end of the wilderness wonderings. 2. Covers approximately – 1 month. III. THEME A. Remembrance – Learn from people and don’t forget it. 1. We are most prone to forget the Lord when we are full. a) He reminded them of the consequences of the sins. b) He reenforced the commandments. (5:6-21) c) He renews His covenant. IV. KEY WORD A. Obey. (10x) 1. Obedience brings blessing. 2. Disobedience brings cursing. V. KEY VERSES A. Deuteronomy 1:3 – And it came to pass in the fortieth year, in the eleventh month, on the first day of the month, that Moses spake unto the children of Israel, according unto all that the LORD had given him in commandment unto them. B. Deuteronomy 6:23 – And he brought us out from thence, that he might bring us in, to give us the land which he sware unto our fathers.

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VI. OUTLINE A. A retrospective message. (1-4) [Past] B. A introspective message. (5-26) [Present] C. A prospective message. (27-34) [Future] VII. SPECIAL FEATURES A. Obedience equals blessing and disobedience equals cursing. 1. The motive of their obedience was God Himself. (Deuteronomy 6:4-13, 23)
GENESIS – NUMBERS HUMAN STORY DIVINE PERFORMANCES GENESIS EXODUS LEVITICUS NUMBERS DESTITUTION DELIVERANCE DEDICATION DISCIPLINE END CONCLUSION = TRANSITION BEGINNING OF GOD’S LOVE – GENESIS 4:37 THE HIGHEST MOTIVE IS LOVE NOT FEAR DESTINATION DEUTERONOMY DIVINE SIGNIFICANCE DIVING PRINCIPLES

VIII.CHRIST IN THE BOOK A. The Smitten Rock. B. Moses – 1. He had a gentle birth under Gentile reign. 2. He was raised in a house not of his father’s. 3. He was reared by the daughter of a kingly family. 4. He was alone with God 40 days and 40 nights. 5. He endured murmuring. 6. He had direct contact with God. 7. The sea obeyed him. 8. He fed multitudes. 9. He led people out of bondage. 10. He was a prophet.
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11. He reappeared after his death. 12. He began a new dispensation.

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THE BOOK OF JOSHUA
BOOK OF CONQUEST

I. AUTHOR A. Joshua. 1. He is both author and the main character of this book. 2. 1 month at the Jordan River. 3. 7 years in Canaan. II. DATE A. 1397-1390 BC 1. 1 month at the Jordan river. (1405 BC) 2. 7 years in Canaan. (April 1405-1398 BC) 3. 8 years with tribes on both sides of the Jordan river. (1397-1390 BC) III. THEME A. Claiming your possession. 1. We claim our possessions by faith. 2. Canaan is a picture of the spirit-filled life. IV. KEY WORD A. Possession. (10x) V. KEY VERSE A. Joshua 1:3 – Every place that the sole of your foot shall tread upon, that have I given unto you, as I said unto Moses. VI. OUTLINE A. Commencement. (1-5) 1. The charge. (1) 2. The spies were sent out again. (2) 3. The jordan is crossed. (3) 4. They dedicate themselves to the Lord. (4)
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5. The final preparation. (5) B. Campaign. (6-12) 1. Central campaign. (6-8) 2. Southern campaign. (9-10) 3. Northern campaign. (11) 4. Summary and review. (12) C. Canaan. (13-21) 1. The land is divided among the tribes. D. Consecration. (22-24) 1. They set up the alter and renewed the covenant. ★ After every great victory, we ought to set up an alter. VII. SPECIAL FEATURES A. Command – Go over. (1:1-2) B. Comfort – God said He would be with them. (1:3-7) C. Condition – They had to obey the word of God. (1:8) 1. Success is entirely dependent on God. (1:8) a) This is the only time success is mentioned in Scripture. D. God always has his man. (1:1, 3) E. Mention of Eleazar and Phinehas. (24:29-33)
DEUTERONOMY VISION OF FAITH POSSIBILITY FAITH IN PRINCIPLE JOSHUA VENTURE OF FAITH REALITY FAITH IN ACTION

VIII.CHRIST IN THE BOOK A. Joshua himself. 1. His name means Salvation. 2. Jesus is the Greek equivalent for Joshua. 3. Joshua won the victory in which Moses was not able to do. a) Christ does this by Salvation. B. Joshua worships the Captain of the Host which was a Christophany. 1. Victory in life is not absence of trouble, but in the presence of God.
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There is as a point of grace as much above the ordinary Christian, as the ordinary Christian is above the world. – Charles Spurgeon

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THE BOOKS OF HISTORY

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THE BOOK OF JUDGES
BOOK OF ANARCHY AND APOSTASY

I. AUTHOR A. Samuel 1. The name of the book comes from the twelve judges. II. DATE A. 1043-1004 BC 1. Between King Saul and David. 2. Covers 350-400 years. (Judges 1-1 Samuel 7) III. THEME A. Apostasy brings anarchy. 1. Apostasy is turning from revealed truths. B. Starts with compromise but ends in confusion. 1. The process of failing. (1-2) a) Indifference. (1) b) Ignorance. (2) c) Idolatry. (2:13) ★ Sin changes your view of who the real enemy is. (20:18) IV. KEY WORDS A. Anarchy. [No rule] B. Lord. (178x) C. God. (68x) V. KEY VERSE A. Judges 21:25 – In those days there was no king in Israel: every man did that which was right in his own eyes. VI. OUTLINE A. Not chronological – This book is more subject matter rather than historical order.
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1. Disobedience. (1-3:7) 2. Deliverance. (3:8-16) 3. Depravity. (16-21) • Every judge was a deliverer. (1) All of the judges are not in order. (2) There is more about the subjects rather than the timeline. VII. SPECIAL FEATURES A. Seven Oppressions – During these judgements you can see God’s mercy. 1. Mesopotamia. [8 years] 2. Moab. [18 years] 3. Canaanites. [40 years] 4. Midianites. [7 years] 5. Abimelech. [40 years] 6. Ammonites. [18 years] 7. Philistines. [40 years] B. Twelve Judges – 1. Othineil. 2. Ehud. 3. Shamgar. 4. Deborah / Barak. 5. Gideon. 6. Tola. 7. Jair. 8. Jeptha. 9. Ibzin. 10. Elon. 11. Abdon. 12. Samson. a) We can learn a lot from Samson’s personal life. b) Samson was the judge during the longest oppression of Israel. C. We call this the book of Judges, but God never actually calls them judges. 1. Starts with compromise and ends with confusion and defeats. D. They moved from toleration to total depravity.
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SIN

SILENCE

SERVITUDE

SALVATION

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1. Despite the fact that the people did what they want, God still exercised judgment. 2. There is always more mercy than judgment. a) From the death of Joshua until Saul became king. (Judge 1-I Samuel 7) VIII.CHRIST IN THE BOOK A. Every judge was a deliverer – Christ is our Deliverer. 1. Christ is the perfection of all the judges – a) Profit. b) Priest. c) Warrior. d) Ruler. e) King.

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THE BOOK OF RUTH
BOOK OF THE KINSMAN REDEEMER

I. AUTHOR A. Samuel. 1. Written during the time period of the Judges. II. DATE A. 1300 BC 1. Covers 10 years and four geographical locations. III. THEME A. Redemption. 1. This is a book of romance, but greater is the redemption within the book. IV. KEY WORDS A. Kinsman. (9x) [Leviticus 25; Numbers 35] B. Redeem, buy, and purchase. (15x) V. KEY VERSE A. Ruth 4:14 – And the women said unto Naomi, Blessed be the LORD, which hath not left thee this day without a kinsman, that his name may be famous in Israel. VI. OUTLINE A. By chapter testimonies – 1. The testimony of the backslider. (1) 2. The testimony of the blessed. (2) 3. The testimony of the betrothed. (3) 4. The testimony of the bought. (4) B. By character pictures – 1. Elimelech – A man refusing to come back to God. (1:2) a) His name means my God is king. b) He sojourned with his whole family. (ended up being 10 years)
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2. Naomi – Someone returning to the Lord. (1:2, 20-21) a) Mara means bitter – The Lord dealt with her bitterly. (1) When she returns, the Lord took the bitterness away. (2) When she got right, people got saved. 3. Mahlon and Chilion – Those who reap what their parents sow. (1:2) 4. Orpah – Someone who rejects salvation. (1:16) a) She went back. (1:15) b) Intentions will not get it done. 5. Ruth – Someone who receives salvation. (1:16) a) This salvation is based on grace. (2:1) b) The story of grace. (1) No more fear. (2) No more thirst. (3) Why have I found grace in thine eyes? (2:10-12) (4) No more a stranger. (2:12) (5) This is the work that grows out of faith. (2:12) (6) No more hunger. (2:14) (7) No more reproach. (2:15-16) 6. Boaz – A kinsman redeemer. (2:1) a) He had the right to redeem. b) He had the power to redeem. c) He was willing to redeem.

VII. SPECIAL FEATURES A. Ruth was a Gentile who extended the promise line of the Messiah. B. Four geographical settings – 1. Moab. 2. Field in Bethlehem. 3. Threshing floor in Bethlehem. 4. City of Bethlehem. (House of Bread) C. Characters – 1. Elimelech. (husband) 2. Naomi. (wife)
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3. Mahlon and Chilion. (sons) 4. Orpah and Ruth. (daughter-in-laws) a) Orpah is never mentioned again after she leaves Naomi. 5. Boaz. (in-law) a) He had to have the right to redeem by relationship. b) He had to have the power to redeem. c) He had to have the will to redeem. VIII.CHRIST IN THE BOOK A. Boaz – In him is strength. 1. The Redeemer. 2. The Lord of harvest. 3. The Giver of rest. 4. The Supplier of our needs. 5. The Bridegroom.

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THE BOOK OF FIRST SAMUEL BOOK OF THE FIRST KING, SAUL

I. AUTHOR A. Samuel. (1-24) 1. First prophet and last judge. 2. Nathan, Gad and other students in the School of the Prophets may have written some portions of this book. (I Chronicles 29:29-30) II. DATE A. 1015-971 BC 1. Covers 94 years of history. 2. From the birth of Samuel to the death of Saul. III. THEME A. Man’s rejection of God and God’s rejection of a man. 1. Man’s rejection of God. (8:7) a) In their leadership – (1) Hophni and Phinehas. (1:3) (2) Eli compromises. (3) Samuel’s own sons. b) When what we’re trying to do is to get creditability then we have forgotten God. (1) Things that are tangible are temporal. [principle] (a) Be careful when God gives you what you want rather than what you need. 2. God’s rejection of a man. (15:23) a) Incomplete obedience is disobedience. b) Everything God has put in your life can become a curse in your life. IV. KEY WORD A. Kingdom. (11x) [first kingdom places its emphasis on king Saul]

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V. KEY VERSE A. I Samuel 10:25 – Then Samuel told the people the manner of the kingdom, and wrote it in a book, and laid it up before the LORD. And Samuel sent all the people away, every man to his house. VI. OUTLINE A. The failure of the priestly office. (1-2) B. The forming of the prophet’s office. (3-7) C. The founding of the king’s office. (8-31) 1. The tragedy of Saul. (8-15) 2. The training of David. (16-31) VII. SPECIAL FEATURES A. Saul was the first king to rule under God and over the people. B. This is a double book – One season always prepares for the next one. 1. I Samuel and II Samuel was originally one book. VIII.CHRIST IN THE BOOK A. Samuel – 1. Prophet. 2. Priest. 3. Judge. 4. Intercessor. B. David – 1. Rejected. 2. Despised. 3. Betrayed.

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THE BOOK OF SECOND SAMUEL BOOK OF THE SECOND KING, DAVID

I. AUTHOR A. Primarily written by Nathan and Gad. 1. Compiled possibly by Nathan or Ezra. 2. Called the book of Jasher. (1:18) II. DATE A. 940 BC – Covers a 40 year period. 1. David reigns for 40 years. (5:4-5) a) 7 years, 6 months over Judah. b) 33 years, 6 months over all Israel. III. THEME A. Triumph and trouble in the life of a believer. 1. Triumph comes when we live by faith, but trouble comes when we live by the flesh. IV. KEY WORD A. Kingdom. (8x) V. KEY VERSE A. I Samuel 10:25 – Then Samuel told the people the manner of the kingdom, and wrote it in a book, and laid it up before the LORD. And Samuel sent all the people away, every man to his house. VI. OUTLINE A. David’s triumphs. (1-10) 1. Personal trials. 2. Spiritual trials. 3. Military trials. B. David’s trouble. (11-24) 1. In the midst of trouble, David found fellowship with God. (12:13)
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At any moment we can get right with God.

VII. SPECIAL FEATURES A. Kingdoms. 1. I Samuel 11-I Kings 11 covers the reign of the united kingdom of Israel. a) Kingdom of Saul – I Samuel b) Kingdom of David – II Samuel c) Kingdom of Solomon – I Kings B. Besides Christ, more is said of David than any other character in the Bible. 1. The story of David starts in I Samuel 16 and continues on until I Kings 2. a) The main events are found in I Samuel. 2. Christ was called the Son of David. VIII.CHRIST IN THE BOOK A. The Davidic covenant – 1. Eternal kingdom. 2. Eternal throne. 3. Eternal Seed. B. Mephibosheth – We are like him in reference to Christ. 1. Enemy by birth. 2. Crippled. 3. Brought into the palace. (Adopted)

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THE BOOK OF FIRST KINGS
BOOK OF THE DIVIDED KINGDOM

I. AUTHOR A. Jeremiah. [most likely] 1. I and II Kings were originally one book. II. DATE A. 586 BC – Covers a period of 120 years. 1. 40 year reign of Solomon. 2. 80 years in a divided kingdom. III. THEME A. Disobedience brings division. 1. Solomon loves the Lord. (3:3) 2. Solomon loved many strange women. (11:1-6) 3. He turned away his heart. (11:2) 4. He went not fully after the Lord like David his father. (11:6) B. King Solomon’s divided heart eventually resulted in a divided kingdom. C. Solomon lead Israel to the zenith of its size and glory, yet sin destroyed it all. IV. KEY WORD A. Royalty. V. KEY VERSE A. I Kings 2:12 – Then sat Solomon upon the throne of David his father; and his kingdom was established greatly. VI. OUTLINE A. The great 40 year reign of king Solomon. (1-11) 1. His accession and early acts. (1-4) 2. His Temple and palace built. (5-8) 3. His meridian fame and glory. (9-10)
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4. His declension and decrease. (11) B. First 80 years of the two kingdoms. (12-22) 1. Accession of Rehoboam – The disruption. (12) 2. Judah’s kings. [Rehoboam – Jehoshaphat] (13-22) 3. Israel’s kings. [Jeroboam – Ahaziah] (8-22) 4. Ministry of Elijah to Israel. (17-22) VII. SPECIAL FEATURES A. The divided kingdom. (12) 1. Israel – Northern Kingdom. [10 tribes] a) Capital city – Samaria. b) First king – Jeroboam. 2. Judah – Southern Kingdom. a) Capital city – Jerusalem. b) First king – Rehoboam. B. The conflict on Mt. Carmel. (18) C. The ministry of Elijah. VIII.CHRIST IN THE BOOK A. Solomon – Christ’s glory is greater than of Solomon. (Matthew 12:42) Elijah – In his prophetic words and miraculous works.

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THE BOOK OF SECOND KINGS
BOOK OF KINGDOM CAPTIVITY

I. AUTHOR A. Jeremiah. 1. He ministered before and up to the captivity of Judah. II. DATE A. 560 BC 1. Covers about 300 years. III. THEME A. Captivity 1. Sin always leads to captivity. a) In I Kings we find division, but in II Kings we each nation being led captive. (1) Israel was taken captive by the Assyrians in 722 BC. (17) (2) Judah was taken captive by the Babylonians in 586 BC. (25) IV. KEY WORD A. Evil. (28x) V. KEY VERSE A. II Kings 23:27 – And the LORD said, I will remove Judah also out of my sight, as I have removed Israel, and will cast off this city Jerusalem which I have chosen, and the house of which I said, My name shall be there. VI. OUTLINE A. Annals of Israel – Northern Kingdom. (1-10) 1. The ministry of Elisha to the death of Jehu. B. Alternating annals of both kingdoms. (11-17) 1. Up to the Assyrian captivity of Israel. a) Jonah, Amos and Hosea prophesied at this time. C. Annals of Judah – Southern Kingdom. (18-25)
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1. Ends with Judah’s Babylonian captivity. a) Obediah, Joel, Isaiah, Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah and Jeremiah prophesied at this time. VII. SPECIAL FEATURES A. Known as the book of dispersion. B. Part of a double book. C. Israel faces its sunset. D. Willful sin brings a woeful end. E. Elisha’s ministry and personal character. (1-10) 1. Spirituality of desire. 2. Filial affection. 3. His humility. 4. His courage. 5. His disinterestedness. VIII.CHRIST IN THE BOOK A. Elisha – He typified Christ in that he lived among men. 1. Grace, life and hope. 2. The Godly seed is preserved.

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THE BOOK OF FIRST CHRONICLES BOOK OF THE HIGHLIGHTS OF DAVID’S LIFE

I. AUTHOR A. Ezra. (4:17) II. DATE A. Sometime after the exile of Judah into captivity. 1. Covers a period of 3600 years. 2. This book has the largest scope out of any other book. III. THEME A. The throne is gone but the promise is not. 1. At the end of II Kings – a) The city was destroyed. b) The Temple was burned. c) David’s throne was destroyed. 2. God was reminding them of His covenant. 3. Chronicles focuses on hope. IV. KEY WORD A. Theocracy. [God rules the good and overrules the evil] V. KEY VERSE A. II Chronicles 15:1-4 – And the Spirit of God came upon Azariah the son of Oded: And he went out to meet Asa, and said unto him, Hear ye me, Asa, and all Judah and Benjamin; The LORD is with you, while ye be with him; and if ye seek him, he will be found of you; but if ye forsake him, he will forsake you. Now for a long season Israel hath been without the true God, and without a teaching priest, and without law. But when they in their trouble did turn unto the LORD God of Israel, and sought him, he was found of them. 1. God is able – The sovereignty of God.

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2. Man is responsible – The free-will of man. VI. OUTLINE A. The genealogy of the chosen line. (1-9) 1. 1500 names in this record – A reminder of God’s preservation. 2. The Line of Christ is the most important genealogy in all history. B. The greatness of the chosen king. (10-12) C. The glory of the chosen place. (13-16) D. The grace of the chosen people. (17-21) E. The grandeur of the chosen work. (22-29) VII. SPECIAL FEATURES A. The book is a good commentary on the books of Samuel and Kings. 1. The books are arranged in a chronological manner. 2. The books are confined mainly to the Southern Kingdom. 3. The books are contrasted. 4. The books show us the Temple. B. This is the last book of the Hebrew Old Testament. VIII.CHRIST IN THE BOOK A. The King of Kings. B. The Davidic covenant. (7:11-14) 1. Judah is placed first in the genealogy line.

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THE BOOK OF SECOND CHRONICLES
BOOK OF SOLOMON AND HIS SUCCESSORS

I. AUTHOR A. Ezra. II. DATE A. Covers a period from 971-535 BC 1. Sometime after the exile. 2. The time of Solomon to the end of captivity. III. THEME A. What you do with God will determine what God does with you. (7:14) IV. KEY WORD A. Theocracy. [God rules the good and overrules the evil] V. KEY VERSE A. II Chronicles 15:1-4 – And the Spirit of God came upon Azariah the son of Oded: And he went out to meet Asa, and said unto him, Hear ye me, Asa, and all Judah and Benjamin; The LORD is with you, while ye be with him; and if ye seek him, he will be found of you; but if ye forsake him, he will forsake you. Now for a long season Israel hath been without the true God, and without a teaching priest, and without law. But when they in their trouble did turn unto the LORD God of Israel, and sought him, he was found of them. VI. OUTLINE A. The reign of Solomon. (1-9) B. The rebellion of the ten troubles. (10) C. The reign of the kings of Judah. (11-36:16) D. The ravaging of the people. (36:17-21)

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E. The return of Jerusalem. (36:22-23)

VII. SPECIAL FEATURES A. God’s promise and man’s part run together like a unbroken chain throughout these twin books. B. The four post-exilic books – 1. Chronicles – Looking back in retrospect. 2. Ezra – The restoration of the Temple. 3. Nehemiah – The reconstruction of the walls. 4. Esther – The rescue of the people of God. VIII.CHRIST IN THE BOOK A. The good kings. B. The Temple – 1. Building of the Temple. 2. Destroying of the Temple. 3. The future Temple.

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THE BOOK OF EZRA
BOOK OF RETURN AND RESTORATION

I. AUTHOR A. Ezra – Yahweh helps. 1. He was a scribe. II. DATE A. 456 BC 1. Covers approximately 75 years. 2. Written during the 70 year captivity. III. THEME A. The first step to rebuilding is returning to the Lord. 1. Three things they returned – a) Returned to the will of God. (1) b) Returned to the worship of God. (3) c) Returned to the word of God. (7) • Getting back to God is not an instant thing.

IV. KEY WORD A. Restoration. V. KEY VERSE A. Ezra 1:5 – Then rose up the chief of the fathers of Judah and Benjamin, and the priests, and the Levites, with all them whose spirit God had raised, to go up to build the house of the LORD which is in Jerusalem. VI. OUTLINE A. The rebuilding of the Temple through Sheshbazzar. (1-6) B. There is a restoring of the Temple worship through Ezra. (7-10) • Revival begins when one man prayers and confesses his sin and seeks after God.

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VII. SPECIAL FEATURES A. The book of Esther fits in-between. (6-7) B. Ezra and Nehemiah were originally one book. 1. Both were mighty men used by God.
70 YEAR CAPTIVITY FIRST RETURN SHESHBAZZAR 536 BC SECOND RETURN EZRA 456 BC THIRD RETURN NEHEMIAH 444 BC

VIII.CHRIST IN THE BOOK A. Cyrus – The king of Persia. 1. Called God’s anointed. 2. Conquered Israel’s enemy. 3. Restored holy city. 4. Glorified the name of God.

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THE BOOK OF NEHEMIAH
BOOK OF REBUILDING

I. AUTHOR A. Nehemiah – Comforted of God. II. DATE A. 432 BC 1. Covers a period of approximately 12-15 years. III. THEME A. Spiritual leadership. 1. A man of compassion. (1:4) 2. A man of prayer. (1:5) 3. A man of vision. (2:5) 4. A man of faith. (Mark 11:22) 5. A man of organization. (4) 6. A man of hard work. (4:6) 7. A man of vigilance. (4:9) 8. A man of courage. (4:11) 9. A man of rebuke. (5:11) 10. A man of determination. (6:3) IV. KEY WORD A. Restoration. [Through construction and instruction] V. KEY VERSE A. Nehemiah 2:15 – Then went I up in the night by the brook, and viewed the wall, and turned back, and entered by the gate of the valley, and so returned. 1. The people get right with God. (9) 2. The covenant is renewed. (10)

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VI. OUTLINE A. The work of construction. (1-7) B. The work of consecration. (8-10) 1. The preaching of the Word of God. (8) 2. The people get right with God. (9) 3. The covenant is renewed. (10) C. The work of conciliation. (11-13) VII. SPECIAL FEATURES A. Chronologically it should be placed at the end of the Old Testament. B. Called the second book of Ezra.
HISTORICAL CORRESPONDENCE EZRA HAGGAI NEHEMIAH ZECHARIAH ESTHER MALACHI

VIII.CHRIST IN THE BOOK A. Nehemiah – 1. Gave up a high position. 2. Came with a specific mission in mind. 3. Refused to be detoured from his work.

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THE BOOK OF ESTHER
BOOK OF PROVIDENTIAL CARE

I. AUTHOR A. Uncertain. 1. Probably a Jew living in Persia. 2. Possibly Mordecai. II. DATE A. 450 BC 1. Esther deals with the remaining Jews. III. THEME A. God’s hand is present even when His name is not. IV. KEY WORD A. Providence. V. KEY VERSE A. Esther 4:14 – For if thou altogether holdest thy peace at this time, then shall there enlargement and deliverance arise to the Jews from another place; but thou and thy father's house shall be destroyed: and who knoweth whether thou art come to the kingdom for such a time as this? VI. OUTLINE A. How the plot was formed. (1-3) B. How the plot was fought. (4-5) C. How the plot was foiled. (6-10) VII. SPECIAL FEATURES A. It was providence that brought Esther before the king, not of her own doing, but of God. B. This book is the Romans 8:28 of the Old Testament.

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VIII.CHRIST IN THE BOOK A. Mordecai – 1. Despised. 2. Adopts us. 3. In the end, he receives a place of honor. B. Esther – 1. Advocate. 2. Intercessor. 3. She put herself in the place of death before her Lord.

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THE BOOKS OF POETRY

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I.

INTRODUCTION TO THE BOOKS OF POETRY A. These books are experiential. B. They are written in the present, as opposed to the first 17 books of the Old Testament, which were written in the past tense.

II. THEY ARE IMPORTANT IN LITERATURE A. ⅓ of the Hebrew Bible was written in poetry. B. Leviticus, Ruth, Ezra, Haggai, and Malachi have not apparent poetry in them. C. Hebrew poetry is not characterized by rhyme or rhythm but by parallelism. 1. Completed Parallelism. 2. Contrasted Parallelism. 3. Constructive Parallelism. D. Hebrew poetry is not built around sounds, but around thoughts. 1. Musical. 2. Observation. 3. Drama. 4. Dialog. E. Rhyme and rhythm don’t always translate correctly, but thoughts and ideas do. III. THEY ARE IMPORTANT IN LOCATION A. They hinge together the books of history to the books of prophecy. B. They link the past and future. C. They deal with the hard issues in life. IV. THEY ARE VERY IMPORTANT IN LIFE A. All about walking with God and knowing God. B. They all have something to do with life. 1. Job – Deals with the problem of pain. [Sovereignty] 2. Psalms – Deals praise and prayer – The Christian on his knees. [Worship] 3. Proverbs – Deals with the practical – The Christian on his feet. [Wisdom] 4. Ecclesiastes – Deals with the folly of forgetting. [Vanity] 5. Song of Solomon – Deals with the art of adoration. [Love]

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THE BOOK OF JOB
BOOK OF THE SUFFERING OF THE RIGHTEOUS

I. AUTHOR A. Unknown – Not significant however. II. DATE A. About 2000 BC 1. Written before Genesis. III. THEME A. Blessing through suffering. 1. Job is not about suffering in general, but about the suffering of a righteous man. 2. Job’s question is not about why, but rather why me. a) Why do the righteous suffer? (1) All suffering is God’s righteous judgment for sin. (a) Eliphaz, Bildad and Zophar gave Job the wrong answer. (2) Suffering is God’s way of teaching us. (a) Elihu answer is better, but incomplete. (32-37) (3) Suffering is a test of trusting God. (a) The Lord answered. (38-41) IV. KEY WORD A. Tried. (2x) V. KEY VERSE A. Job 1:9 – Then Satan answered the LORD, and said, Doth Job fear God for nought? VI. OUTLINE A. The Disasters of Job. (1-2) B. The Debates of Job. (3-41) C. The Deliverance of Job. (42)

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VII. SPECIAL FEATURES A. The questions of Job are answered in Christ. B. Jesus Christ is the Daysman in the book of Job. (9:33) 1. Now He is the blessed Daysman, who has mediated between heaven and earth, has laid his hand upon us both: to him the Father hath committed all judgment. C. Suffering is a test of trusting God for Who He is and not merely for what He does. VIII.CHRIST IN THE BOOK A. Job – 1. He suffered. 2. He was patient. 3. He was delivered. 4. In the end, He was exhausted. 5. He interceded for his friends.

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THE BOOK OF PSALMS
BOOK OF HEBREW HYMNS

I. AUTHOR A. Several. 1. David. (II Samuel 23:1) [73 Psalms are specifically written by him] 2. The sons of Korah – 10 Psalms. 3. Asap – 12 Psalms. 4. Solomon – 2 Psalms. 5. Ethan – 1 Psalm. 6. Heman – 1 Psalm. 7. Moses – 1 Psalm. (Psalm 90) 8. Anonymous – 50 Psalms. II. DATE A. Covers over a period of 500-1000 years. III. THEME A. Worship. 1. The origin of worship. a) The origin of worship is from God Himself. 2. The object of worship. a) The object of worship is God. 3. The offering of worship. a) The attitude and activity of worship. b) Every experience in life is an opportunity to worship God. IV. KEY WORDS A. Worship. (15x) [Hebrew word is prostration] B. Praise. (130x)

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V. KEY VERSE A. Psalm 29:2 – Give unto the LORD the glory due unto his name; worship the LORD in the beauty of holiness. VI. OUTLINE A. By sequence – 1. Psalms 1-41 – Genesis - Man and God’s counsel for man. (Doxology – 41:13) 2. Psalms 42-72 – Exodus - Israel as a nation. (Doxology – 17:18-20) 3. Psalms 73-89 – Leviticus - The Temple. (Doxology – 89:52) 4. Psalms 90-106 – Numbers - Israel and the other nations. (Doxology – 106:49) 5. Psalms 107-150 – Deuteronomy - The Word of God. (Doxology – 150:1-6) a) All have a doxology. b) The law itself was written from the perspective of the congregation to the Lord. c) The pentateuch by David. B. By special features – 1. 52 Psalms have meager titles. 2. 14 Psalms refer to a specific time. 3. 31 Psalms are word specific 4. 4 Psalms give a distinct purpose. 5. 35 have no inscription at all. 6. 15 Psalms of degree. (120-134) [Hezekiah] a) Some suggest that these are songs of degrees because there were 15 steps up to the Temple.
120-122 TROUBLE TRUST TRIUMPH 123-125 TROUBLE TRUST TRIUMPH 126-128 TROUBLE TRUST TRIUMPH 129-131 TROUBLE TRUST TRIUMPH 132-134 TROUBLE TRUST TRIUMPH

C. By subject matters – 1. Instructional Psalms. 2. Historical Psalms. 3. Penitential Psalms. a) If you want to enjoy life you have to confess your sins. b) Psalm 53 – Most famous psalm of David.
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4. Supplication Psalms. 5. Thanksgiving Psalms. 6. Nature Psalms. 7. Imprecatory Psalms. a) David saw his enemies as God’s enemies. 8. Messianic Psalms. a) A psalm that is dedicated to Christ. (102:23) b) Weeping. (102:9) c) Wrath. (102:10) d) Withered. (102:11) 9. Hallelujah Psalms. VII. SPECIAL FEATURES A. One of the most practical and doctrinal books. B. The sacred song book of Israel. C. Old time Hebrews used them in worship. D. Largest book – 1. 150 Psalms 2. 2,461 verses. 3. 43,743 words. 4. 283 direct quotes. 5. 116 are psalms in the New Testament. 6. Psalm 117 – Shortest chapter in this book. 7. Psalm 118 – Very middle of the Bible. 8. Psalm 119 – Longest chapter in the Bible. E. Psalm 119 is an acrostic. 1. 176 verses with only two that don’t make a specific reference to God. F. There are two Hebrew names for this book – 1. Praise. 2. Prayer. G. Worship is man’s response to God’s revelation. 1. Without God there would be nothing to sing about. 2. The more you think, the more you thank.

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VIII.CHRIST IN THE BOOK A. The King. [Matthew] B. The Messiah. [Mark] C. The Man. [Luke] D. The Son of God. [John] E. Elohim – All Mighty One. (432x) F. Abonai – Sovereign One. (61x) G. Shaddai – He is the One who provides. H. Yahweh – Jehovah [the covenant name for God] (678x)

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THE BOOK OF PROVERBS
BOOK OF WISDOM

I. AUTHOR A. Solomon’s Proverbs. 1. Wisest king. (I Kings 3) 2. He knew about every aspect of life. 3. Spoke 3,000 proverbs and 1,005 songs. (I Kings 4:22) B. Sundry Proverbs. 1. Augr. 2. King Lemuel or his mother. (31:1) C. Scattered Proverbs. 1. Compiled throughout Israel’s history. II. DATES A. 950-900 BC (Solomon compiled 1-24) B. 700 BC (Hezekiah compiled 25-29) 1. Ezra the scribe compiled the book as it is now. III. THEME A. The laws of God for the lives of men. 1. The message of Proverbs: God wisdom is supposed to affect every aspect of our lives. 2. Wisdom and Instruction at the beginning and repeated later at the end. (1:1-6) 3. Wisdom refers to skill – How to do something. a) Instruction is discipline. b) No skill is useful with out discipline. c) Skill with the discipline. d) True wisdom is knowing the Lord. IV. KEY WORDS A. Lord. (86x) B. Wisdom. (104x) 1. The wisdom that is from above. (James 3:17)
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2. The wisdom that is from beneath. (Earthly wisdom) V. KEY VERSE A. Proverb 1:7 – The fear of the LORD is the beginning of knowledge: but fools despise wisdom and instruction. VI. OUTLINE A. The commendation of wisdom over folly. (1-9) 1. Wisdom begin and ends with the fear of God. B. The contrast of wisdom and folly. (10-24) C. The counsel of wisdom. (25-31) 1. You will tell how wise a person is by how they make a decision rather than how fast they make it. a) Counsel in relationships. (25-26) b) Counsel in regulating decisions. (27-29) c) Counsel in marriage. (30-31) VII. SPECIAL FEATURES A. The greatest fear is not that God will hurt me, but that I would hurt God. 1. When you live with that kind of fear, you will live a wise life. a) As long as you fear God, He can show you what to do. B. Proverbs means to say a great truth in a few words (English) and ruling or governing. (Hebrew) 1. James is called the Proverbs of the New Testament 2. 800 proverbs are attributed to Solomon in this book. 3. Proverbs 31 is a Hebrew acrostic. C. The method of the Proverbs. 1. Contrast comparison. 2. Imagery – Speaking about something in a vivid way. 3. Personification – When you take a characteristic of a animal or human and attribute it to God. D. There are 26 different personalities mentioned in this book. 1. Four stand out the most – a) The wise man. (5)
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(1) They are few and far between. b) The simple man. (22) (1) The simple man is right after the wise man lacks decrement. (2) Smite the scorner and the simple man will follow the wise man. c) The scorners. (22) (1) The scorner is the most dangerous because he is in proximity to the simple man. (2) The scorner is always scorning the wise man because he is convicted. d) The fool. (22) (1) The fool is easily spotted. VIII.CHRIST IN THE BOOK A. Wisdom is personified. (8) [I Corinthians 1:30] 1. Every aspect of life will point us to the Lord. (30:4)

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THE BOOK OF ECCLESIASTES
BOOK OF LIFE

I. AUTHOR A. Solomon. 1. Wrote Song of Solomon in his youth. 2. Wrote Proverbs in his middle ages. 3. Wrote Ecclesiastes in his last years. II. DATE A. 935 BC 1. Written late in Solomon’s reign. III. THEME A. Life under the sun is vanity. 1. The more he got, the less he realized he wanted. 2. Solomon says a lot of things that are not true. a) This is a true record of what Solomon felt. (1) He was a backslider. b) When you put God out of His place your world will be a mess, but when you get close to God, He brings clarity 3. Solomon always refers to God as Elohim, but not Jehovah. IV. KEY WORDS A. Vanity. (28x) B. Under. (29x) V. KEY VERSE A. Ecclesiastes 2:11 – Then I looked on all the works that my hands had wrought, and on the labour that I had laboured to do: and, behold, all was vanity and vexation of spirit, and there was no profit under the sun.

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VI. OUTLINE A. The preacher’s subject. (1:1-11) [Introduction] B. The preacher’s sermon. (1:12-10:20) [Body] 1. Things he sought after and tired. 2. Things he had seen. 3. Things he had studied. C. The preacher’s summary. (11-12) [Conclusion] 1. His compliant. (11) 2. The bottom line. (12) a) The course of life. (12:1-7) b) All is vanity. (12:8-12) c) The Conclusion. (12:13-14) • Fear God and keep His commandments.

VII. SPECIAL FEATURES A. The key – Earthly wisdom under the sun. 1. We live by His wisdom or our wisdom, but not both. 2. It is possible to have wisdom without fearing God. B. Main character – Life. 1. Ecclesiastes means the preacher. C. Biographical. (4:13, 7:26-29) 1. There is a place in your heart that only God can fill. 2. Solomon’s 700 wives and 300 concubines caused his heart to turn away from God. D. You must get the right conclusion of life. (2:24, 5:18, 8:15, 12:13-14) VIII.CHRIST IN THE BOOK A. Creator. (12:1) [He is the originator and sustainer of life.] B. One Shepherd. (12:11)

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THE BOOK OF SONG OF SOLOMON
BOOK OF UNION AND COMMUNION

I. AUTHOR A. Solomon. II. DATE A. 965 BC III. THEME A. Union and communion. [marital and spiritual intimacy] 1. By union we have a relationship. (salvation) a) Loving. b) Lasting. c) Living. 2. By communion we are together on this journey. a) A mutual agreement. b) He see me in my perfected state. c) He doesn’t see the sin, He sees only the blood. B. A divine love song. 1. Referred to as the song of psalms or theme of themes. 2. Three interruptions. (2:7, 5:8, 8:4) IV. KEY WORD A. Beloved (23x) 1. It means I am both possessing and being possessed. 2. To hold and be held. – Charles Spurgeon V. KEY VERSE A. Song of Solomon 6:3 – I am my beloved's, and my beloved is mine: he feedeth among the lilies.

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VI. OUTLINE A. Love expressed. (1:1-2:7) B. Love enlarged. (2:8-3:5) C. Love enjoyed. (3:6-5:1) D. Love entreated. (5:2-6:3) E. Love enduring. (6:4-8:14) VII. SPECIAL FEATURES A. This is the most through place where marriage is put into a spiritual context. 1. This is lyrical poetry, not a carnal book. 2. The Christian life should say I’m in love with Jesus and He is in love with me. B. Three ways it can be interpreted – 1. Naturalistic. 2. Allegorical. 3. Typical. C. Two character views – 1. Solomon falls in love with a Shulamite woman. Solomon first poses as a shepherd to woo this woman away. Later, he returns as the king. 2. The Shulamite who is the bride. D. Three characters – 1. The Church. 2. Jesus Christ. 3. Solomon. (many believe that he doesn’t represent the shepherd in this book) E. The message is the love shared by Christ and his people. VIII.CHRIST IN THE BOOK A. The Bridegroom. B. The marriage hymn. (Psalm 45)

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THE BOOKS OF PROPHECY

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I.

INTRODUCTION TO THE PROPHETIC BOOKS A. Sixteen different men writing 17 books. 1. Major – 5 books. 2. Minor –12 books. (even the minor prophets have major themes) B. Their origin started with Samuel. (I Samuel 19) 1. The title prophet is often mentioned. (660x) a) ⅔ in Old Testament.

II. THEY HAD A TWO-FOLD MINISTRY A. Foretelling – Means telling the future. B. Forth-telling – Means telling the Word of God and preaching. 1. They came in the name of the Lord and everything they spoke came true. (Deuteronomy 18) III. THEY HAD A TWO-FOLD OCCUPATION A. Oral. B. Writing. 1. The prophetic books cover over 400 years. a) From Obadiah in 840 BC to Malachi in 420 BC. (1) Pre-Exilic. (2) Exilic. (3) Post-Exilic. 2. Daniel spanned all of these periods. 3. They also have specific themes.

THE PROPHETS COULD ONLY SEE THE PEAKS THE COMING JUDGMENT THE FUTURE KINGDOM

THE PROPHET’S OWN TIME AND ISRAEL’S SIN

THE COMING OF THE MESSIAH

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THE CHURCH A NEW HEAVEN A NEW EARTH

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FIRST AND SECOND

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THE BOOK OF ISAIAH
BOOK OF SALVATION

I. AUTHOR A. Isaiah – The salvation of Jehovah. 1. Messianic prophet. II. DATE A. 745-680 BC III. THEME A. To reveal the throne and the Lamb. IV. KEY WORD A. Salvation. (26x) V. KEY VERSE A. Isaiah 53:5 – But he was wounded for our transgressions, he was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon him; and with his stripes we are healed. VI. OUTLINE A. Prophetic section. (1-35) 1. Problem – Israel’s sin. (1) 2. Prediction – Judgment. (2-4) 3. Picture – Parable of the vineyard. (5) 4. Prophet’s encounter with God. (6) 5. Promise – The Messiah will come. (7-12) 6. A progression of judgment. (13-35) B. Historical section. (36-39) 1. A deal with king Hezekiah. C. Messianic section. (40-66) 1. Deliverance. (40-48)
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2. Deliverer. (49-57) 3. Delivered. (58-66) VII. SPECIAL FEATURES A. Isaiah is considered to be the greatest of the prophets. 1. Over 300 quotes are found in every New Testament book, except in James and Jude. 2. He was a contemporary of Hosea, Micah and Nathan. 3. His ministry lasted for 65 years. 4. He was married and had two sons. a) Maher-shalal-hash-baz – Haste ye, haste ye, to the spoil. (1) Sign of the coming judgment. b) Sherjusub – A remnant shall return. (1) Sign of future hope. 5. He was martyred under a tree by Manasseh. a) It is believed that he was sawn asunder. B. Key chapter – 53 C. Isaiah 38:17-20 is the John 3:16 of the Old Testament. D. The book of the Isaiah is a microcosm. 1. A mini-bible – 66 chapters. 2. Two parts – a) Old Testament – 39 chapters. (1) Judgement on sin. b) New Testament – 27 chapters. (1) Hope in the Messiah. (40:3) 3. The book ends the very same way as the book of Revelation ends. (66:22) 4. Our righteousnesses are like the leaper’s wounds. (64:6) [plural adjective] 5. We are clothed in His righteousness. (61:10) [singular adjective]
PASSAGE PERSPECTIVE PRODUCT PICTURE PARALLEL 1-39 GOD’S GOVERN RETRIBUTION A THRONE (6) REVELATION 4:2 40-66 GOD’S GRACE REDEMPTION THE LAMB (53) REVELATION 5:6

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VIII.CHRIST IN THE BOOK A. Isaiah 53. (85x in the New Testament) 1. He bore our sin. (53:1-6) 2. He became our substitute. (53:7-9) 3. He bought our salvation. (53:10-12)

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THE BOOK OF JEREMIAH
BOOK OF WARNING

I. AUTHOR A. Jeremiah – Jehovah appoints. 1. Weeping prophet. a) He grieved with God over the people’s sin. b) He grieved with the people over judgment. 2. He was a man who got God’s heart. 3. He is the only man in the Bible told not to marry. II. DATE A. 626-580 BC 1. 100 years after Isaiah. 2. This was Judah’s midnight hour. III. THEME A. Judgment on Judah. 1. The picture of two vessels. a) The potter’s marred vessel. (18) (1) Still in the hand of God. b) The vessel is judged and destroyed. (19) (1) On the shelf. • If you let your heart get hard, God will break you. 2. Sin’s two-fold judgment. a) Forgetting and forsaking. IV. KEY WORDS A. Warning. (1x) B. The word of the Lord came. (151x)

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V. KEY VERSES A. Jeremiah 7:28 – But thou shalt say unto them, This is a nation that obeyeth not the voice of the LORD their God, nor receiveth correction: truth is perished, and is cut off from their mouth. B. Jeremiah 46:1 – The word of the LORD which came to Jeremiah the prophet against the Gentiles. VI. OUTLINE A. A crisis in Judah. (1:1-29:31) B. The consolation of Jehovah. (30-33) [the book of consolation] C. The captivity of Jerusalem. (34-45) D. The condemnation of Jeremiah. (46-51) E. The collapse of Jerusalem. (52) [main event] VII. SPECIAL FEATURES A. Jeremiah had compassion for God and God’s people. 1. He was a prophet to the nations. 2. He saw no lasting reform. B. Judah was positioned between Egypt and Assyria. (5:31) VIII.CHRIST IN THE BOOK A. The Healing Balm. (8) B. The Righteous Branch. (23)

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THE BOOK OF LAMENTATIONS
BOOK OF MOURNING

I. AUTHOR A. Jeremiah. 1. His spirit is still broken. 2. His message was rejected, but he has the heart of God. II. DATE A. January 588-July 586 BC 1. Jerusalem’s fall. (July 19, 586 BC) 2. Jerusalem’s burning. (August 15, 586 BC) III. THEME A. Weeping from A to Z. 1. The method – Lamentations is a acrostic. a) There are twenty-two letters in the Hebrew alphabet. (1) Chapters 1, 2, 4, 5 have 22 verses each. (2) Chapter 3 has 66 verses. (22x3) IV. KEY WORD A. Destruction. (4x) V. KEY VERSE A. Lamentations 2:11 – Mine eyes do fail with tears, my bowels are troubled, my liver is poured upon the earth, for the destruction of the daughter of my people; because the children and the sucklings swoon in the streets of the city. VI. OUTLINE A. Jerusalem’s affliction. (1) 1. Seen in the third person. (1:1-11) 2. The lament of the city. (1:12-22) B. Jehovah’s anger. (2)
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1. What the anger of Jehovah brought. (2:1-12) 2. What the anger of Jehovah taught. (2:13-22) C. Jeremiah’s acknowledgment. (3) [at the heart of this book both physically and spiritually] 1. His helplessness. 2. His help in the Lord. D. Jehovah’s accomplishment. (4) E. Jehovah’s appeal. (5) 1. God appeals for them to repent and return.
CHAPTER 3 CHAPTER 2 CHAPTER 1 JEHOVAH JERUSALEM JEREMIAH JERUSALEM CHAPTER 4 CHAPTER 5 JEHOVAH

VII. SPECIAL FEATURES A. This book contains the destruction of Jerusalem. B. This book is the wailing wall of the Bible. 1. Literally, this book is complete weeping. 2. When all is said and done, the only thing to do is pray. 3. Weeping may endure for the night, but joy is coming in the morning. C. Babylon was exhausted and Jerusalem was destroyed, but in the end, it will be the opposite.
JEREMIAH BOOK OF WARNING LAMENTATIONS BOOK OF MOURNING

VIII.CHRIST IN THE BOOK A. Jeremiah – The Man of Sorrows.

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THE BOOK OF EZEKIEL BOOK OF THE LORD’S GLORY

I. AUTHOR A. Ezekiel – God strengthen me. 1. Ezekiel – Hope. [the work of the Holy Spirit] 2. Isaiah – Faith. [the work of the Son] 3. Jeremiah – Love. [the Father weeping over His children] II. DATE A. 593 BC 1. 30th year of his life. 2. 5th year of captivity. 3. For the past 25 years he grew up around the ministry of Jeremiah. III. THEME A. Knowing God and His glory. 1. God always sought fellowship with man. a) Not only to rule over, but to have fellowship with man. 2. When you see the glory of God it will change your life. IV. KEY WORDS A. Visions. (5x) B. They shall know me. (70x) C. The glory of the Lord. (11x V. KEY VERSES A. Ezekiel 1:1 – Now it came to pass in the thirtieth year, in the fourth month, in the fifth day of the month, as I was among the captives by the river of Chebar, that the heavens were opened, and I saw visions of God. B. Ezekiel 1:28 – As the appearance of the bow that is in the cloud in the day of rain, so was the appearance of the brightness round about. This was the appearance of the likeness of the glory of the LORD. And when I saw it, I fell upon my face, and I heard a voice of one
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that spake. VI. OUTLINE A. Judah’s foreteller. (1-3) 1. The hand of the Lord was upon me. (7x) 2. The Word of the Lord came to me. (49x) B. Judah’s fall. (4-24) 1. Judgment on Judah. C. Judah’s foes. (25-32) 1. Seven enemy Gentile nations. D. Judah’s future. (33-48) 1. God doesn’t leave them in Babylon. 2. The book ends with a restored nation. VII. SPECIAL FEATURES A. Ezekiel saw visions of God – A open revelation of God. 1. There are about 8 visions in this book. a) What he saw was not God, but the likeness of Him. (1) The four wheels. (1) (2) The four winged creatures. (1) B. The priest who became a prophet. C. The prophet of hope. D. The prophet of captivity. 1. He went on the second deportation. E. He was the prolongation of the voice of Jeremiah. F. This book is a contemporary to the book of Daniel. 1. Daniel was in the palace, while Ezekiel was with the captives. a) Remember that God always has his man for the people. G. This book is called the Revelation of the Old Testament. 1. Simplified outline – a) Jehovah is not there. (1-32) [Past] (1) God’s glory leaves the Temple during the captivity. b) Jehovah is there. (33-48) [Future] (1) The Millennial Kingdom.
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VIII.CHRIST IN THE BOOK A. Ezekiel – The Son of Man. (91x) 1. Ezekiel is called the son of man. (91x) 2. Christ called Himself the Son of Man too. (79x) a) When Ezekiel used the phrase son of man, he is identifying with the people. B. The high cedar tree. (17:22; Isaiah 53) C. The rightful King. (21:26-27) D. The faithful Shepherd. (34:8) E. The Plant of renown. (34:29) F. The four faces. (1:10) 1. Lion – Matthew. 2. Ox – Mark. 3. Man – Luke. 4. Eagle – John. (Revelation 4:7)

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THE BOOK OF DANIEL
BOOK OF WORLD KINGDOMS

I. AUTHOR A. Daniel – God is my Judge. 1. Possibly a descendent of king Hezekiah. 2. There was no evil spoken of him. 3. He is the John of the Old Testament. 4. Greatly beloved. II. DATE A. 605-530 BC 1. Prophesied for 90 years. 2. Under the influence of Jeremiah and Hezekiah. 3. He was between 16-21 years old during the first deportation. III. THEME A. The Godless kingdoms and the kingdom of God. 1. Daniel was a prophet to the Gentile godless nations. a) He speaks of the times of the Gentiles. IV. KEY WORDS A. Secret. (7x) B. Vision. (22x) C. Visions. (10x) D. Kingdom. (57x) V. KEY VERSE A. Daniel 2:22 – He revealeth the deep and secret things: he knoweth what is in the darkness, and the light dwelleth with him. VI. OUTLINE A. The historical night. (1-6) [Darkness]
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B. The prophetical light. (7-12) [Light] VII. SPECIAL FEATURES A. Daniel lived through the entire 70 year exile. B. The purpose of this book is to reveal secret things. 1. 9 out of 12 chapters revolve around dreams. a) Nebuchadnezzar’s first dream. (2) [Nebuchadnezzar saw himself] b) Nebuchadnezzar’s second dream. [God makes Nebuchadnezzar see Him] C. No matter who is on the throne, God is always in control. D. Daniel’s 70 weeks. 1. This is the most popular chapter on prophecy in the whole Bible. a) One week equals seven years. b) The sixty-nine weeks began with the rebuilding of Jerusalem by Nehemiah in 445 BC and ended after Palm Sunday in around AD 38 with Christ’s crucifixion. c) The last week takes place during the consummation, which is the seven year tribulation. d) The Lord shall confirm His covenant with Israel, the Church has nothing to do with the seventieth week, it is all about Israel.
GENTILE WORLD POWERS GOLD SILVER BRASS IRON IRON WITH CLAY ASSYRIA PERSIA GREECE ROME THE ANTICHRIST

VIII.CHRIST IN THE BOOK A. The Stone. (2) B. The Son of God. (3:25) C. The Ancient of Days. (7:9) D. The Prince of Peace. (8:25) E. The Most Holy. (9:24) F. The Most High Prince. (9:25)

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THE BOOK OF HOSEA BOOK OF GOD’S FAITHFULNESS

I. AUTHOR A. Hosea – Salvation. 1. The prophet of preserving love. 2. He is the weeping prophet in Israel. II. DATE A. 754-714 BC 1. 40 years in the Northern Kingdom. III. THEME A. The unfaithful wife and the faithful husband. B. The unfaithful Israel and the faithful God. 1. Degree of sin – Adultery. 2. Determination of sin – Immorality. 3. Dishonor of sin – Shame. IV. KEY WORD A. Return. (14x) V. KEY VERSE A. Hosea 14:9 – Who is wise, and he shall understand these things? prudent, and he shall know them? for the ways of the LORD are right, and the just shall walk in them: but the transgressors shall fall therein. VI. OUTLINE A. Tragedy in Hosea’s home life. (1-3) B. Tragedy in Hosea’s home land. (4-14) VII. SPECIAL FEATURES A. Hosea prophesied for 40 years in Judah.
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B. His is the last preacher they will hear before the captivity. C. He refers to Ephraim the most. 1. Ephraim was the largest tribe in Judah. D. His children – 1. Jezereel – God sows. [Hosea’s child] 2. Lo-ruhamah – Unloved. 3. Lo-ammi – Not my people. a) Take away the Lo and you get loved and my people. b) The Lord changed their names. E. Joshua and Jesus come from the same root word as Hosea. F. A cure for the backsliding Christian – Turn from your sin and return to the Lord. VIII.CHRIST IN THE BOOK A. Hosea. B. Calling out from Egypt. (11:1) C. The future David. (3:5)

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THE BOOK OF JOEL
BOOK OF THE DAY OF THE LORD

I. AUTHOR A. Joel – Jehovah is God. 1. A very common name in the Bible. (12x) 2. The prophet with a rent heart. 3. Oldest prophet. II. DATE A. 835-796 BC 1. He could have known Elijah or Elisha. III. THEME A. The day of the Lord. (5x) [30x] 1. Immediate day of the Lord. (1-2) 2. Impending day of the Lord. IV. KEY WORD A. Judgment. V. KEY VERSE A. Joel 2:13 – And rend your heart, and not your garments, and turn unto the LORD your God: for he is gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and repenteth him of the evil. VI. OUTLINE A. Desolation. (1:1-2:17) B. Deliverance. (2:18-3:21) [First promise of Pentecost] VII. SPECIAL FEATURES A. Now is the time between the prophecies. (2:29-30)

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B. The day of the Lord always speaks of judgment. VIII.CHRIST IN THE BOOK A. He prophesied the coming of the Holy Spirit. (3:16) B. The Lord will be the hope of His people. C. The Judge. (3:12)

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THE BOOK OF AMOS
BOOK OF THE PLUMBLINE

I. AUTHOR A. Amos – Burden. 1. The troubler from Tekoa. II. DATE A. 765-755 BC 1. 30 years before judgment. III. THEME A. God’s judgment on every nation. B. Vision. (7:7-9) 1. The privilege. 2. The plumbline. 3. The promise. IV. KEY WORD A. Punishment. (8x) V. KEY VERSE A. Amos 4:12 – Therefore thus will I do unto thee, O Israel: and because I will do this unto thee, prepare to meet thy God, O Israel. VI. OUTLINE A. The verdict – Guilty. (1-2) 1. Eight burdens. a) Gentile. (6x) b) Judah. (1x) c) Israel. (1x) B. The voice. (3-6) 1. Hear ye the word of the Lord. (3x)
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C. The visions. (7-9:10) 1. Five visions. D. The victory. (9:11-15) 1. Five I wills of God. VII. SPECIAL FEATURES A. He was just a herdsman, not a person of high status. B. He was a native of Judah, but a prophet of Israel. C. He was not trained for the office of prophecy, yet he preached against the sins of Israel. D. This book contains three 11 hour appeals. (3-6) VIII.CHRIST IN THE BOOK A. The Judge and Restorer.

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THE BOOK OF OBADIAH
BOOK OF DOOM FOR EDOM

I. AUTHOR A. Obadiah – Worshipper or Servant of Jehovah. B. He is the prophet of poet. II. DATE A. 586 BC 1. Questionable if this actually refers to the 586 BC invasion of Jerusalem. 2. Suggested dates – 926 BC, 848-841 BC, or 586 BC. III. THEME A. The product of pride. (3) IV. KEY WORD A. Edom. (8x) V. KEY VERSE A. Obadiah 15 – For the day of the LORD is near upon all the heathen: as thou hast done, it shall be done unto thee: thy reward shall return upon thine own head. VI. OUTLINE A. The doom of Edom. (1-16) B. The deliverance of Israel. (17-21) VII. SPECIAL FEATURES A. Shortest book of the Old Testament. B. Obadiah is from Judah, but refers to Israel as a whole nation. C. The Edomites were cliff dwellers. 1. To invade their city was impossible based on its layout. 2. This is what made them prideful.

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VIII.CHRIST IN THE BOOK A. The Judge of all heathens. B. The Savior of all people. C. The Lord of the Kingdom.

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THE BOOK OF JONAH BOOK OF GOD’S LOVE

I. AUTHOR A. Jonah – Dove. 1. He was the son of Amittai. 2. He is the runaway prophet. 3. He was a patriot that loved his country. II. DATE A. 770 BC (II Kings 14:25) III. THEME A. The pity of God. 1. Jonah was mad and frustrated at the Lord. (4) 2. God had pity on even the babies and animals that lived in the city. (4:10-11) 3. The fish was an act of preservation. IV. KEY WORDS A. Repent. (1x) B. Preach. (2x) V. KEY VERSE A. Jonah 3:2 – Arise, go unto Nineveh, that great city, and preach unto it the preaching that I bid thee. VI. OUTLINES A. Outline 1 – 1. Jonah and the storm. (1) 2. Jonah and the fish. (2) 3. Jonah and the city. (3) 4. Jonah and the Lord. (4)

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B. Outline 2 – 1. A word from God. (1) 2. A word with God. (2) 3. A word for God. (3) 4. A word about God. (4) C. Outline 3 – 1. God commissions. (1) 2. God hears. (2) 3. God spares. (3) 4. God reproves. (4) VII. SPECIAL FEATURES A. The greatest missionary book in the Bible. B. The Acts of the Old Testament. C. The greatest miracle was the revival of the whole city of Nineveh. D. God will either make you do His will or you will wish you had. E. Jonah is the only prophet linked to Christ. VIII.CHRIST IN THE BOOK A. Jonah. 1. By experience – Christ’s death, burial and resurrection. B. A sign to his generation.

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THE BOOK OF MICAH
BOOK OF THE GREAT QUESTION

I. AUTHOR A. Micah – Who is a God liken unto me. 1. The prophet of the poor. 2. He is a contemporary of Hosea. 3. He had 40 years of ministry. II. DATE A. 734-732 BC 1. Samaria and Judah still exist. III. THEME A. The failure of the rulers and the faithful ruler. 1. When leadership fails, Christ succeeds. a) Princes. b) Prophets. c) Priests. IV. KEY WORD A. Controversy. (2x) V. KEY VERSE A. Micah 6:2 – Hear ye, O mountains, the LORD'S controversy, and ye strong foundations of the earth: for the LORD hath a controversy with his people, and he will plead with Israel. VI. OUTLINE A. Hear the indignation of God. (1) B. Hear the indictment of His people. (2-3) C. Hear the imminence of His coming. (4-5)

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D. Hear the invitation of grace. (6-7) VII. SPECIAL FEATURES A. Micah looks back and then ahead. 1. Christ has always been, He did not begin at Bethlehem. 2. The Bread of Life comes to the House of Bread. 3. The God of my salvation. (Hebrews 12) B. This is a book of questions – Christ is the only one who can answer these questions. 1. What? (1:5) 2. Who? (7:18) VIII.CHRIST IN THE BOOK A. The Smitten Judge. B. The God of my salvation.

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THE BOOK OF NAHUM
BOOK OF DOOM FOR NINEVEH

I. AUTHOR A. Nahum – Comfort. 1. His name is a shortened form of Nehemiah. II. DATE A. 650-612 BC III. THEME A. Judgment restrained is judgment reserved. 1. He suffers long with the evil doers. (Jonah 4:2) 2. Nahum saw God angry. IV. KEY WORDS A. Utter end. (2x) V. KEY VERSE A. Nahum 1:8-9 – But with an overrunning flood he will make an utter end of the place thereof, and darkness shall pursue his enemies. What do ye imagine against the LORD? he will make an utter end: affliction shall not rise up the second time. VI. OUTLINE A. Nineveh’s doom declared. (1) B. Nineveh’s doom described. (2) C. Nineveh’s doom deserved. (3) VII. SPECIAL FEATURES A. Nahum sought revenge for God. 1. Man’s anger is retaliation. 2. God’s anger is retribution.

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B. Evil-doers will be repaid. 1. He speaks to them, but they refuse to repent. C. Nineveh – 1. This was a true fortress. 2. Four cities in one. 3. 60 square miles with walls 100 feet high. a) Three chariots could fit side to side on top of them. 4. 1500 watch towers standing at 200 feet high. a) The only way to overtake the city was by a overrunning flood. b) When this happened, it made holes in the wall for armies to go through. VIII.CHRIST IN THE BOOK A. Rebukes the sea. (1:4) B. Strong hold. (1:7) C. Publishes peace. (1:15) D. Good tidings. (1:15) [Luke 4:18]

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THE BOOK OF HABAKKUK
BOOK OF FAITH

I. AUTHOR A. Habakkuk – Embrace. 1. Prophet to Judah. 2. The questioning prophet. 3. The Job of the prophets. 4. The doubting Thomas of the Old Testament. II. DATE A. 622-605 BC 1. Just before Babylon invaded. III. THEME A. Faith must govern every area of your life. 1. Faith is how you live everyday. a) You have to learn to be a rejoicing Christian. b) Faith is choosing to see when you can’t logically see. IV. KEY WORD A. Faith. (1x) V. KEY VERSE A. Habakkuk 2:4 – Behold, his soul which is lifted up is not upright in him: but the just shall live by his faith. VI. OUTLINE A. Outline 1 – 1. There is a burden. (1) a) Faith says – A double problem. 2. There is a vision. (2) a) Faith seen – A double pledge.
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3. There is a prayer. (3) a) Faith sings – Praise for past and future. B. Outline 2 – 1. Tell God about it. (1) 2. Give God time. (2) 3. Faith learns to wait. (3) a) Begins with a sob. b) Ends with a psalm. VII. SPECIAL FEATURES A. The just shall live by faith. (Romans 1:17; Galatians 3:11; Hebrews 10:38) B. Habakkuk’s emphasis is on Babylon. C. Faith is the bridge that takes you from questions to answers. D. In a agricultural society, when the fig tree does not blossom, times are depressing. (3:17) VIII.CHRIST IN THE BOOK A. The One who justifies. (2:4) B. The Lord in His holy Temple. C. The God of my salvation. (3:18)

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THE BOOK OF ZEPHANIAH
BOOK OF THE REMNANT

I. AUTHOR A. Zephaniah – Hidden of Jehovah. 1. Grandson of king Hezekiah. 2. Preacher of hellfire and brimstone. 3. We know more of his pedigree than any other prophet. 4. Contemporary of Jeremiah. II. DATE A. 636-623 BC 1. He was one of the last prophets before the Babylonian captivity. III. THEME A. Judgment brings bitterness and blessings. 1. Bitterness is the extent of judgment. 2. Blessing is the intent of judgment. IV. KEY WORD A. Remnant. (4x) V. KEY VERSES A. Zephaniah 1:4 – I will also stretch out mine hand upon Judah, and upon all the inhabitants of Jerusalem; and I will cut off the remnant of Baal from this place, and the name of the Chemarims with the priests. B. Zephaniah 3:13 – The remnant of Israel shall not do iniquity, nor speak lies; neither shall a deceitful tongue be found in their mouth: for they shall feed and lie down, and none shall make them afraid. VI. OUTLINE A. Look at home. (1:1-2:3) B. Look around. (2:4-3:7)
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1. West – Philistines. 2. East – Moab. 3. South – Ethiopia. 4. North – Nineveh and Assyria. 5. Home – Jerusalem. C. Looks ahead. (3:8-20) 1. A double prophecy. VII. SPECIAL FEATURES A. Zephaniah is the prophet of Josiah’s reign, but he never mentions Josiah’s religious reform. 1. Religious activity is never good enough. 2. You can’t have revival until you get your heart right with God. B. He used the phrase the days of the Lord more than any other prophet. C. Remnants – 1. First to be cut off. 2. Second to survive. VIII.CHRIST IN THE BOOK A. The Lord in the midst. 1. His manner. (3:5) 2. His mercy. (3:15) 3. His might. (3:17)

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THE BOOK OF HAGGAI
BOOK OF BUILDING

I. AUTHOR A. Haggai – Festive. 1. Called the successful prophet. 2. Contemporary to Zechariah. II. DATE A. 521 BC 1. Haggai returns with Zerubbabel in 536 BC. III. THEME A. Build the house. 1. When they saw the Temple they knew God was with them. 2. The Temple was more important that the walls. a) The priority of the work of God. (1:3-5) b) The principle of the work of God. (1:9-11) c) The purpose of the work of God. IV. KEY WORD A. Build. (1x) V. KEY VERSE A. Haggai 1:8 – Go up to the mountain, and bring wood, and build the house; and I will take pleasure in it, and I will be glorified, saith the LORD. VI. OUTLINE A. Four sermons in four months. 1. The dangers of waiting. a) When we should be working. (1:1-15) 2. The dangers of lamenting. a) The past and missing the present. (2:1-9)
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3. The danger of seeing. (2:10-19) a) Only the material and the supernatural. 4. The dangers of recognition. (2:20-23) a) Who is against us and forgetting who is for us. VII. SPECIAL FEATURES A. A book of building – God can build again. 1. At first, they went ahead and built their houses, but not the house of the Lord. 2. Both Haggai and Zechariah concentrate on the Temple. 3. This book should be studied along with Ezra. a) The least three historical books and the last three prophetic books were written during the same time period. b) The Samaritans bring opposition two years into building the Temple and they don’t continue until 14 years laster in 521 BC. 4. This book is literally a celebration. VIII.CHRIST IN THE BOOK A. He is the desire of all nations. (2:7) B. His glory came. (2:9) C. Zerubbabel. (2:23) 1. The greater Son. 2. The greater Signet. 3. The chosen One.

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THE BOOK OF ZECHARIAH BOOK OF GOD’S PLAN FOR HIS PEOPLE

I. AUTHOR A. Zechariah – The one who Jehovah remembers. 1. Slightly younger than Haggai. a) His father was Berechian – Jehovah blesses. b) His grandfather was Iddo – In his appointed time. [prophet] II. DATE A. 520-516 BC 1. Before the Temple. (1-8) 2. After the Temple. (9-14) III. THEME A. By my Spirit. (4:6) IV. KEY WORD A. Jealous. (4x) V. KEY VERSE A. Zechariah 8:2 – Thus saith the LORD of hosts; I was jealous for Zion with great jealousy, and I was jealous for her with great fury. VI. OUTLINE A. Pictures – Eight visions. (1-6) B. Problems – Four messages. (7-8) 1. Each begins with the word of the Lord came. C. Prediction – Two burdens. (9-14) 1. The rejection of the Messiah. (John 1:8) 2. The reign of the Messiah.

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VII. SPECIAL FEATURES A. This is the longest book of the minor prophets. B. Only great love is capable of great jealousy. 1. The Lord is jealous over us with a Godly jealousy. C. There are more prophecies concerning Christ in this book, after the book of Isaiah.
ZECHARIAH SPIRITUAL HERE’S HOW HAGGAI CONSTRUCTION BE STRONG

VIII.CHRIST IN THE BOOK A. Priest. (6:13) B. King. (9:9, 14:9, 16) C. Corner and Nail. (10:4) D. Shepherd. (13:7) E. Pierced Son of God. (12:10)

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THE BOOK OF MALACHI
BOOK OF THE LAST CALL

I. AUTHOR A. Malachi – Jehovah’s messenger. (3x) II. DATE A. 433 BC 1. 75-100 years after Haggai. III. THEME A. To expose the seeds of Pharisaism and Saduceeism and to encourage the remnant. (3:6-8)
PHARISAISM FORMALISM SADUCESSISM SKEPTICISM

IV. KEY WORD A. Rob. (2x) V. KEY VERSE A. Malachi 3:8 – Will a man rob God? Yet ye have robbed me. But ye say, Wherein have we robbed thee? In tithes and offerings. VI. OUTLINE A. The care of God. (1:1-5) [Past] B. The complaint of God. (1:6-3:15) [Present] C. The coming of God. (3:16-4:6) [Future] VII. SPECIAL FEATURES A. After this prophecy there was 400 years of darkness, as opposed to 400 years of light. B. The last word we read in this book is curse. C. This book contains the prophecy of Christ’s first and second coming. (3:1, 3, 4:1-2) D. Rob God and he will curse you. (3:9)

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E. Give and God will bless you. (3:10) VIII.CHRIST IN THE BOOK A. Christ took our curse. (3:1, 3)

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