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The views expressed in this presentation are the views of the author and do not necessarily reflect the

views or policies of the Asian Development Bank Institute (ADBI), the Asian Development Bank (ADB), its Board of Directors, or the
governments they represent. ADBI does not guarantee the accuracy of the data included in this paper and accepts no responsibility for any consequences of their use. Terminology used may not necessarily be consistent with ADB
official terms.

Development Partner Roundtable on Sustainable Sanitation in Asia
20 September 2018
Tokyo

Development Partner Presentation

Sustainable Sanitation Initiatives in Asia and the Pacific

By
Thomas Panella
Chief of Water Sector Group
Sustainable Development and Climate Change Department
Asian Development Bank
Ongoing/ planned initiatives / achievements (using the categories for SDG 6 report)
Development Partner Roundtable on Sustainable Sanitation in Asia

ADB’s Water Operational Plan (2011-2020) Strategy 2030 Operational Priorities:

• Expanded wastewater management and sanitation, • Addressing remaining poverty and reducing inequalities
including reuse – addressing full water cycle through better health for all by optimizing indirect health
benefits through synergies with its portfolio in water
• Expanded knowledge and capacity development (water safety) and sanitation (communicable diseases)
that promotes technology and innovation – both
sharing and learning and hardware and software • Accelerating progress in gender equality through reduced
time poverty of women by improving their access to water
• Enhanced private sector engagement – transactions and sanitation
and financial innovation
• Making cities more livable by providing integrated
• Target: Increase the share of sanitation from ADB’s solutions through crosscutting projects and addressing
total water investments from 14% in 2011 to 25% by water security and environmental conservation to provide
2020 affordable, safe and effective water, sanitation, and waste
disposal services
Ongoing/ planned initiatives / achievements (using the categories for SDG 6 report)
Development Partner Roundtable on Sustainable Sanitation in Asia

ADB’s Sanitation Portfolio (2011 to date)

Central and West Asia East Asia Southeast Asia
$753 million $1,195 million $426 million
(9 million people) (37 million (7 million people)
people)

Based on committed loans:

Total Sanitation Portfolio: $3.3 Billion
Total Water Portfolio: $17.4 Billion - 19%
78 Million People

South Asia Pacific
$851 million $105 million
(25 million people) (0.2 million people)
The Sanitation Trust Fund – Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (BMGF)
$15 Million for Initial Grant

• Focuses on improving non-networked
sanitation and FSM - areas that are lacking 120 109.46
traditional investment and service FSM Investments ($million)

100
• Advocates the whole value chain of FSM: ADB partnership with 79.58
containment, collection, conveyance, BMGF to create the
treatment, proper disposal of sludge – is the 80 Sanitation Trust Fund
65.44
starting point for the circular economy at
small scale 60

• Promotes development of the enabling 35.6
environment and sustainability for FSM and 40 28.7
non-networked sanitation versus simply 17.9
providing infrastructure investment 20 11.6
5.3 5.94 7.7
• Leverages on ADB’s sanitation portfolio for
greater impact for FSM and non-networked 0
sanitation 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017

Targets Actual
Ongoing/ planned initiatives / achievements (using the categories for SDG 6 report)
Development Partner Roundtable on Sustainable Sanitation in Asia

ADB Projects Supported by the Sanitation Portfolio

Mongolia
Southeast Gobi Urban
India and Border Town
Rajasthan urban Sector Development Project
Development Program

Bangladesh
Coastal Towns
Environmental
Infrastructure Project East Asia Cambodia
Investment: $39M Second Rural Water
Third Urban Grant amount: $1.2M Supply and Sanitation
Governance and 225,000 beneficiaries
Sector Project
Infrastructure
Improvement Sector
Project Southeast Asia
Investment: $15M
Nepal Grant amount: $1.5M
240,000 beneficiaries
Third Small Towns South Asia
Water Supply an Investment: $732M
Grant amount: $5.46M
Sanitation Project
2.9 million beneficiaries
Leadership/Enabling Factors/Institutional arrangements at the national/ subnational level for sanitation
Development Partner Roundtable on Sustainable Sanitation in Asia

ADB’s Multi-Pronged Approach

Building
operators’
capacity
Developing
Piloting new
Policies and
technologies
Standards

Better Improving
Investment
Institutional
programs Sanitation Awareness
Leadership/Enabling Factors/Institutional arrangements at the national/ subnational level for sanitation
Development Partner Roundtable on Sustainable Sanitation in Asia

ADB’s Multi-Pronged Approach to Improve FSM in Asia and the Pacific
Investment Programs Piloting New Technologies Building Operators’ Capacity
• Total of $109 million investments • Installing improved toilets and • FSM-focused Water Operators
septic tanks in rural Mongolia, Partnerships (WOPs) Programs in:
• Supporting development of introducing desludging services for • 4 small towns in Nepal
investment projects with most the first time • 3 coastal towns in
suitable holistic approach which • Piloting solar septic tank in Bangladesh
includes non-networked systems Cambodia • Ger areas in Mongolia
• Piloting new toilet technology in
boathouses in Ton Le Sap Lake,
Cambodia

Improving Institutional
Developing Policies and Standards Awareness
• Enacted Institutional and Regulatory Framework for Fecal Sludge • Supporting knowledge sharing
Management in Small Towns in Nepal, 2017 events such as trainings, master
• Developed Rajasthan state FSM Policy and Implementation Guideline, 2017 classes, FSM planning and
• Formed the National Sanitation Group in Mongolia – ongoing dialogues to dialogues
prepare policies in FSM
• Ongoing treated sludge initiatives in PRC, Mongolia and the Philippines
• Ongoing discussions in PNG for inclusion of FSM in investment pipeline
Financing/Business models for sustainable sanitation
Development Partner Roundtable on Sustainable Sanitation in Asia

• Public and Private and Customer
• Government regulation, planning, and investment/budgeting
• Private sector service delivery for those parts of the cycle where it is
possible to engage the privates sector effectively
• Customer tariffs where possible or mandated through regulation
• Government subsidy for portions of the cycle where fees cannot be fully
collected or a more a pure public good is involved
• Different solutions for different applications – getting the right mix and
bringing to scale is the critical objective
Innovation towards scaling sanitation to 80% by 2030, to achieve in SDG Target 6.2
Development Partner Roundtable on Sustainable Sanitation in Asia

• The supply side needs to be improved
Suppliers (services and goods) need to be customized and increased to address the varying needs of
different regions and communities. This includes technology as well as service, management, operation
and maintenance, and waste recovery for the circular sanitation economy.

• There is a much greater need for private sector participation
For ADB, we need to find a balance between achieving SDGs/development objective and satisfying
private sector profitability requirements. Development of the circular economy is critical, which also
includes the right enabling environment and targeted public sector investments. ADB is currently
working on this.

• The regulatory environment should be supportive of these innovations
The governance and regulatory environment should also similarly be updated to adapt to the changing
needs and solutions.

• There is the need for increased awareness for improved sanitation
The challenge is to build the momentum and translate it into action. Political will is critical to addressing
the sanitation crisis both at the public investment level as well as to put in place the enabling
environment for private sector investment.
Development Partner Roundtable on Sustainable Sanitation in Asia

Thank You for your attention !