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Original Title: Flange Design for Double Conical-Finn Paper

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BOLT TORQUE REQUIRED FOR GIRTH FLANGES WITH DOUBLE CONICAL GASKET

Ref: Published Paper -Design of compact flange joints by Finn kirkemo

Sealing system Design for Flange to Flange connection with Double conical Gasket

1) Design Basis:

Hub/Pipe outside diameter Do = 273.1 mm

Thickness of Hub eP = 26 mm

Design pressure pi = 25.8 MPa

Flange modulus of elasticity EF = 200000 MPa

Ring modulus of elasticity ER = 200000 MPa

Seal ring seating fricition coeff. μR = 0.1 -

Bolt/nut fricition coeff. μb = 0.12 -

Yield strength of Flange Rp,F = 360 MPa

Yield strength of bolt Rp,B = 720 MPa

Yield strength of seal ring Rp,R = 450 MPa

Safety Factor operating Sp = 1.5 Code Factor of Safety on yield

Safety Factor bolting up So = 1.05

Groove flank angle φ = 15 °

Minimum Target prestress fb,min = 480 MPa 480 Mpa

Number of bolts nB = 16

Bolt size bsize = 1.125 inch 1-1/8" inch (TEMA)

Nominal bolt diameter dBO = 28.575 mm 1-1/8*25.4

Root dia of bolt dB = 24.45 mm 24.45 based upon TEMA

23.93 refer equation...55

No of Threads per inch UN = 8

Pitch of threads P = 3.571875 mm

Bolt Hole diameter L = 32 mm

Minimum wrench clearence Rmin = 35.6 mm Based on standard bolt size

Distance b/w BCD to flange OD Emin = 26.6 mm (Refer table in paper)

Pipe/Hub allowable stress fp = 240 MPa Yield/F.O.S

Bolt design stress fBo = 685.71429 MPa Yield/F.O.S

Bolt preload scatter Є = 0.05 means 5% inaccuracy in bolt load application

2) Seal Ring & Groove calculation:

Flange/ Pipe Bore B= 221.1 mm D 0 2 * eP ------Eq.1

Ring inside diameter D ri 273.1 mm D ri D o

------Eq.2

Height of the ring H R 33.1 mm 2 * D0 ------Eq.3

Axial distance between sealing H RS 22.067 mm HRS 2 * H R

3

------Eq.4

Since cos (φ)=0.92 and hence neglect the effect of flank angle i.e. Cos (15°)

Radial force on gasket ring FR,r 386086.02916 N *Dri *1* RPR ------Eq.5

Hoop stress in ring for force FR,r 450 MPa Rp,R ------Eq.6

Minimum ring width bRS 8.25 mm bRS Dri / H r ------Eq.7

bR b RS H R * tan( 2 )

3

Total width of ring bR 10.8 mm b RS H R * tan( ------

2) Eq.8

3

Ring cross section area A R 315.3 mm^2 H R * (bR bRS )

2 ------ Eq.15

1 .5 * R P , R

Radial interference I= 0.70 mm 0.5 * Dri 2 * bR * ----------Eq.9

0 .2

E R

Depth of groove Q= 17.081 mm 0.51*HR+0.2 ------Eq.11

Width of groove N= 12.71 mm bRS MAX (1.5, I 0.5) H )

------Eq.12

* tan(

R 3

Fluid seal diameter Ds= 289.6 mm DGO 2 / 3 * H R * tan( ) ------Eq.14

CLIENT : Flange design for double conical gasket

DAHEJ Based upon ppaer by Mr. Finn Kirkemo

INDIA EQPT. : PAGE:

Make up seating force FR 0,a 168530.75507 N FRo,a *RP , R * AR * tan( -------Eq.16

)

HRS * ------------Eq.17

DS * Pi

)

2

Hydrostatic end force FQ 1.70E+06 N

4

* D S ^ 2 * pi -------Eq.19

/ fb

4

* d B ^ 2 * nB

P

2 .5

) -------Eq.22

Bolt circle diameter K= 365.1 mm Do 2 * (Ye Rmin ) -------Eq.21

Flange Outside diameter O= 418.3 mm K+2*Emin -------Eq.25

Hub length lH 59.4 mm max(( xe 10 eP / 2 ),25)-------Eq.26

Flange hydrostatic end force F T= 7.088E+05 N / 4 * ( Ds2 B 2 ) * pi -------Eq.29

moment arm-1 hD= 59 mm (K B ep ) / 2 -------Eq.30

moment arm-2 h T= 54.88 mm (2 K B DS ) / 4 -------Eq.31

moment arm-3 hR= 37.75 mm ( K Ds ) / 2 -------Eq.32

Hydrostatic force memonet MD= 147611059.19 N-mm ( F D F eq ) * h D

Hydrostatic momenet for pressurMT= 3.890E+07 N-mm F T * h T

Seal ring retaing load moment MR= 4.351E+06 N-mm FRa * hR 1.46E+07

* pi -------Eq.33

Minimum bolt force -one bolt FB1min 214635 N f B ,min * ( / 4 * d B2 ) / S o

(Flange moment capacity)

CLIENT :

Flange design for double conical gasket

Based upon ppaer by Mr. Finn Kirkemo

Parameter-1 dF 319.7 mm (O+B)/2 -------Eq.49

Parameter-2 dP 247.1 mm B ep -------Eq.48

L * nB

Parameter-3 Le 21.3798 mm L

*K

-------Eq.47

O B

Parameter-4 bFe 77.2202 mm Le -------Eq.46

2

pi * d p

Q

Pressure loading parameter 0.5108 - 2 * f p * ep -------Eq.35

FR

* f p * d p * eP -------Eq.36

bF OB

Flange ring radial width ex hole 66.6 mm L -------Eq.39

2

4 Q

2

3 * Q2

R * 1 R2

Reduction Factor -bending capacity cM 0.8458434953 -

3 2

4 -----------Eq.37

4 * R

"Negative root of CM means hub/pipe is overloaded so increase the thickness of hub"

"Equation-34 is a quadretic equation we have to solve now to obtain the flange thickness ef"

Equation 34 is = WF M F

4

* 2 * b f * e 2f * * f f 2.2 * c s * e f * e p * d p * e p * f p cM * d p * e 2p * f p

we will rearrange the equation now to make it in three parts: ax 2 bx c 0

"x=ef"

WF * 4

Part 243014687.84

2 * bF * f f

2.2*c *e *

s p dp *ep * f p

Part 3="c" -209105241.66 cM *dp *e2p *f p

b D

Root-1 69.3838460672 2*a

b D

Root-2 -94.273815194

2*a

Based upon ppaer by Mr. Finn Kirkemo

PAGE:

0 .4 * d p * ep

Parameter-5 0.4619804181 - -----------Eq.45

e f

(e p *d f )

Parameter-6 0.4356245198 - (bFe * d p )

-----------Eq.44

CF 0.91 * (1 * )

coorection Factor 0.4130525381 - --------------Eq.43

(1 ( * )( 4 6 * 6 * 2 ) 3 * 2 * 4 )

flange ring

3* d f *c f

minimum preload

KF

OB

Initial Gap at Flange Toe g0 = 0.43 0.9 * TAN 0 *

2 --------------Eq.50

0.9 * d B 0

Bolt transfer loss for tension tool B 0.1590838797 --------------Eq.53

2 * eF 0.8 * d Bo

15.9% %

F B10 min

Nominal bolt assembly force FB10nom 225932 N FB10nom --------------Eq.51

1

Tightening Torque and Bolt utilization ratio for ASTM A 193 & ASTM A 194

(Equation for relation between bolt torque and axial force i,e,Eq...54 is developed only for these heavy nuts series)

Root diameter of bolt A B 1 449.81 mm^2 * ( d B 1. 3 P ) 2 --------------Eq.55

4

(0.16 * p 1.23 * B * d BO ) * ( f BOnom * AB1 )

Bolt tightening torque, nominal M Bt ,nom 1034024 N-mm --------------Eq.54

(this value is 0 for Hydraulic tensioner)

2

12 --------------Eq.56

2

* B 0 max 3 * M Bt ,max * 3

1

f Bo AB1 *d Bo

This ratio should be less than 1

1

quation...55

in paper)

application

2

0

3

e 2p * f p

4

----Eq.43

----Eq.42

----Eq.41

----Eq.50

----Eq.53

----Eq.51

----Eq.52

----Eq.55

----Eq.54

----Eq.57

----Eq.56

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