Aim of the experiment: Conducting performance test on the engine & to draw the heat balance sheet (i) To determine the

I.H.P , B.H.P & mechanical efficiency of four stroke single cylinder diesel engine. (ii) To draw the heat balance sheet. Description: The mechanical break drum is fixed to the engine flywheel & the engine is mounted on the MS. Channel frame & further mounted on the anti-vibromounts. Panel board is used to fix burette with a three way cock, digital temperature indicator with selector switch, digital tachometer & U tube manometer. Instrumentation: 1. Digital temperature indicator to measure different temperatures sensed by respective thermocouples. 2. Digital tachometer is used to measure the speed of the engine. 3. Manometer to measure the quantity of air drawn into the air cylinder. 4. Burette to measure the rate of fuel consumption. Engine specification: Make: BHP: Speed: No. of cylinders Compression ratio: Bore: Stroke: Orifice dia: Type of ignition: Method of loading: Method of starting: Method of cooling:

Kirloskar 5 1500 1 16.5:1 80mm 110mm 17mm Compression ignition Rope break Crank start water cooled

Loading system: The engine test rig is directly coupled to a brake drum & a rope is wound around the drum. One end of the rope is connected to a spring balance & the other end to a weighing platform. The load to the engine can be varied by adding the slotted weights provided. Please see to that the platform is above the base while the engine is loaded, this can be achieved by using the hand wheel provided on loading frame.

HP =
Where W = Dead weight in kgs S = Spring balance reading in kgs D = Diameter of break drums in metres. d = diameter of the rope in metres. N = Speed of the engine. Fuel measurement: The fuel is supplied from the main fuel tank through a measuring burette with 3 way manifold system. To measure the fuel consumption of the engine the burette is filled upto the cock marked tank on the

Exhaust gas temperature outlet from the calorimeter.The respective gate valves are opened.After all the records are obtained the engine was stopped by pushing the governor lever towards the engine cranking side.Inlet water temperature to calorimeter & engine jacket temperature. 6.62 The diameter of orifice = 17mm Temperature measurement: A digital indicator is with selector switch is provided in the panel to get the different temperatures.Exhaust gas temperature inlet to the calorimeter. TC3.Ambient engine temperature. . TC4. TC2.The power line is connected to the instrument set. 5. 7.The engine jacket inlet & calorimeter inlet to a water source with a constant head of 5 meters through respective rotameters is connected. Weight of the fuel =       Air flow measurement: An air drum is fitted on the panel frame & is connected to the engine through an air hose. 3. 8. TC5. TC1. Then 25cc of fuel is drained & time is measured in the stopwatch.manifold block.Now the engine is loaded & the required data are recorded.The engine is decompressed by lifting the lever & the engine is slowly cranked by the help of the lever provided. 4. Procedure: 1.The fuel is filled into the tank. The air drum facilitate an orifice manifold with orifice & pressure pick up point are connected to the U tube manometer limbs. The difference in the manometer reading is taken as the different loads & the air sucked by the engine is calculated by: Va = CdA Where      The Cd of the orifice = 0.Outlet temperature of the calorimeter.Then the engine starts & it is allowed to stabilise & run at a constant speed of 1500 rpm under no load condition. At maximum cranking speed the decompression lever is switched down. 2. When the burette is filled with fuel the cock is closed.Outlet water temperature of engine jacket TC6.

d = diameter of the rope in metres.Formula s used: Brake horse power(BHP) = Where W = Dead weight in kgs S = Spring balance reading in kgs D = Diameter of break drums in metres. Wf FHP IHP = BHP + FHP Mechanical effeiciency =  BHP    Actual volume of the air drawn = Va = CdA Where     The Cd of the orifice = 0. N = Speed of the engine. Weight of the fuel consumed in kg/hr      Wf =  Where Xcc is volume of fuel consumed in T sec.62 The diameter of orifice = 17mm Swept volume = Vs = Area of the cylinder x Stroke length x Volumetric efficiency =       . Density is 0.838 gms/cc Specific fuel consumption in Kg/BHP hr SFC = Indicated horse power by Williams line graph method.

5 1.2 Time In sec Manometer reading Temperature In oC Remarks 1 2 3 4 1530 1510 1497 1422 11 15 21 25 8.5 1.5 1.35 6.56 7.5 11. Specific heat difference in Observation table: Sl Speed Load No in RPM in Kg Spring Balance Reading in Kg 0.5 H2 1.81 H1 11.5 11. TC1 = Engine jacket water inlet temperature.Heat balance sheet: Heat Input = Wf Cv kcal/hr Where Wf = Weight of the fuel consumed Cv = Calorific value of the fuel in kcal/hr(diesel) = 11000kcal/kg Heat equivalent to BHP = H1 =   kcal/hr Heat carried away by the engine jacket cooling water = H2 H2 = Mass of water flowing through the engine jacket (kg/hr) temperature inlet to outlet H2 = Mw Cp (TC5-TC1) Specific heat of water = 1 TC5 = Engine jacket water outlet temperature.8 1.5 11.01 7.6 3.2 2.5 T1 25 25 26 27 T2 35 36 37 35 T3 31 31 34 33 T4 T5 T6 720 94 30 700 99 29 506 105 29 300 95 27 .

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